3rd soccer league
3rd division word mark
|Association||German Football Association|
|First edition||July 25, 2008|
|master||FC Bayern Munich II|
|Record champions||VfL Osnabrück (2 titles)|
|Record player||Tim Danneberg (332)|
|Record scorer||Anton Fink (136)|
↑ 2nd Bundesliga (II)
The 3rd league is the third highest division in the championship system of German club football . It became the 2008-09 season as a new pro - Liga between the 2. Bundesliga and the Regionalliga introduced.
In January 2006, the discussion about a reorganization of the amateur leagues and the establishment of a single-track “3. Bundesliga ". The aim of the reform was to create a greater performance density for the substructure of the 2nd Bundesliga with better support and development opportunities for talented players. In addition, better marketing of the third division should be achieved. A violent dispute broke out in the run-up to the decision scheduled for September 2006 at the DFB Bundestag about the participation of second teams in the first and second division. After the U23 teams of the professional clubs were initially not supposed to take part in the newly created league for reasons of distortion of competition and low attendance, several Bundesliga clubs demanded an unrestricted right to participate. In the end, a compromise was worked out that initially only allowed four second substitutes to play in the first season of the third division. On September 8, 2006, the introduction of the single-track 3rd division was finally decided at an extraordinary DFB Bundestag. For the first season, half of the clubs from the existing regional leagues North and South were able to qualify, plus four relegated teams from the 2nd Bundesliga . For the time being, the third German soccer division is supported and administered by the DFB and has therefore been the top division since the 2008/09 season that is exclusively organized by the DFB. Since the DFL is responsible for organizing the national leagues, the new class is not called the 3rd Bundesliga . On April 10, 2008, the DFB presented the logo for the new division to the public.
In contrast to the introduction of the 2nd division in 1974 or the merging of the north and south seasons to form the single-track 2. Bundesliga for the 1981/82 season , there was no multi-year rating when determining the participants for the first season of the new 3rd division. It was only the performance of the teams in the qualifying period of the regional league season 2007/08. The teams that were in places three to ten in the final tables of the two regional league relays were athletically qualified for the third division. In addition, there were the four second division relegated from the 2007/08 season. The regional league players who were not qualified for the new division after completing the admission process competed in the new three-pronged fourth-division regional league, provided they were granted a license to do so.
The first game of the 3rd division was played on July 25, 2008 at 8:30 p.m. in the Steigerwald Stadium in Erfurt by FC Rot-Weiß Erfurt and SG Dynamo Dresden . The game ended 0-1 and was broadcast live on MDR television . The first goal scorer in the 3rd division was Halil Savran , the first table leader of SC Paderborn 07 . The first champion of the 3rd division was 1. FC Union Berlin on May 9, 2009 , who received the eight and a half kilogram silver championship trophy.
In the 2018/19 season , for the first time in the history of the third division, four relegated teams were determined, and for the first time there were regular Monday games. Furthermore, for the first time no U23 team from a higher-class club was able to qualify for the league. With the relegation of the last founding member of the third division, FC Rot-Weiß Erfurt, in the preseason, for the first time, no team that had been part of the league without interruption took part in the game. In addition, at the beginning of the 2018/2019 season , the DFB and Adidas signed a partner contract that will run until the end of the 2021/2022 season , according to which the company provides a uniform match ball; in all previous seasons each club had its own ball sponsor. The first ball provided by Adidas for all clubs was the Telstar 18 , which was also used at the 2018 World Cup .
For the 2019/20 season , as in the two national leagues, warnings for club officials were introduced in the form of cards. On the 13th match day, the DFB expanded the regulation by an addition - as with players, club officials are threatened with suspension of more than one game, as well as yellow card suspensions, after being sent off after being checked by the competent authority. In view of the global COVID-19 pandemic , gaming operations had to be temporarily suspended after 27 match days on March 11, 2020, and finally completely ceased on March 16; the measure initially applied until at least April 30 of the same year. On April 3, the DFB announced extensive changes to the game rules as a result. Among other things, it was also possible to carry out seasonal operations beyond June 30, 2020, in which case the following season would open later than the planned time or, if necessary, not take place at all. Ultimately, the final game day took place on July 4th. In addition, any application to open insolvency proceedings within the 2019/20 season would no longer result in a point deduction, in the following season only three points would be deducted instead of the usual nine; From the 2021/22 season onwards , the usual regulation should apply again. On May 21, it was decided to resume game operations on May 30, and the DFB and DFL had worked out a hygiene concept for all three leagues with the help of the "Sports Medicine / Special Game Operations Task Force". In parallel to the two national leagues, the DFB increased the substitution quota per team from three to five players for the 3rd division before the end of the season. Likewise, in the third-highest German division, no staging in front of spectators is allowed.
Since the first season in 2008/09, 20 clubs have been playing for promotion to the 2nd Bundesliga. The first two teams are promoted directly, the third in the table has to play for promotion in two playoffs in the relegation against the third from bottom of the 2nd Bundesliga. The last three clubs (four from the 2018/19 season) will be relegated to the fourth-class regional league and will be replaced by four (three until 2018/19) promoted teams from the regional leagues . The four best teams in the league qualify for the DFB Cup .
In the founding year, a maximum of four second teams from clubs in the two national leagues could qualify for the third division. However, this rule was subsequently suspended. If there had been too many second teams in the 3rd division, the regulations would have been revised in 2010. But there were never more than four second representatives in the league at the same time in the first three seasons. In return, the clubs of the national leagues waived the right to compete with their second teams in the DFB Cup competition. In addition, the second representations are not entitled to a share of the television money.
All top teams in the 3rd division are obliged to list at least four players on the score sheet for each game who are eligible to play for a DFB selection team and who have not yet reached the age of 23 on July 1st of the respective season. Second teams from the first and second division may use a maximum of three players who have reached the age of 23 on July 1 at the same time in a game.
Since the establishment of the 3rd division in 2008, a total of 60 clubs have played in this division. Are represented for the first time in the league in the season 2020/21 of SC Verl , Türkgücü Munich and VfB Lübeck . The last club that has been represented in the 3rd division without interruption since it was founded in 2008 is FC Rot-Weiß Erfurt , which was relegated in 2018 . The longest uninterrupted club playing in the league was SV Wehen Wiesbaden , which from 2009 until its promotion to the second division in 2019, i.e. H. Had played in the 3rd division for ten years and also leads the all-time table. The clubs that have remained the longest at the moment are Hansa Rostock and Hallesche FC , which have remained in this division since 2012. The clubs with the currently most - ten - seasons in the 3rd division are SV Wehen Wiesbaden and SpVgg Unterhaching .
Clubs of the 2020/21 season
2 relegated from the 2nd Bundesliga :
14 teams from the previous season:
- FC Bayern Munich II
- FC Ingolstadt 04
- MSV Duisburg
- Hansa Rostock
- SV Meppen
- TSV 1860 Munich
- SV Waldhof Mannheim
- 1. FC Kaiserslautern
- SpVgg Unterhaching
- FC Viktoria Cologne
- KFC Uerdingen 05
- 1. FC Magdeburg
- Hallescher FC
- FSV Zwickau
4 newcomers from the regional leagues :
|KFC Uerdingen 1||Merkur Spiel-Arena Düsseldorf||54,600|
|1. FC Kaiserslautern||Fritz Walter Stadium||49,850|
|Dynamo Dresden||Rudolf Harbig Stadium||32,123|
|1. FC Magdeburg||MDCC arena||30,098|
|SV Waldhof Mannheim||Carl Benz Stadium||24,302|
|FC Ingolstadt 04||Audi sports park||15,200|
|Hallescher FC||Natural gas sports park||15,057|
|SpVgg Unterhaching||Unterhaching sports park||15.053|
|SC Verl 2||Benteler Arena Paderborn||15,000|
|TSV 1860 Munich||Municipal stadium on Grünwalder Strasse||15,000|
|FC Bayern Munich II|
|SV Meppen||Hänsch Arena||13,815|
|Türkgücü Munich 3||Flyeralarm Arena Würzburg||13,090|
|SV Wehen Wiesbaden||Brita Arena||12,566|
|VfB Lübeck||Wage Mill||10,800|
|FSV Zwickau||GGZ arena||10.134|
|FC Viktoria Cologne||Höhenberg sports park||10,001|
|1. FC Saarbrücken 4th||Hermann-Neuberger-Stadion Völklingen||6,800|
With an annual turnover of 186 million euros (as of 2017/18), the 3rd soccer league was ahead of the Austrian Bundesliga , the Swedish Fotbollsallsvenskan , the Scottish Premiership or the Greek Super League and well ahead of the German ice hockey league , the Handball Bundesliga and Basketball Bundesliga (see: List of sports leagues by turnover ).
In addition to sporting qualifications, the clubs concerned must also meet the economic and technical-organizational requirements that are mandatory by the DFB Presidium. These include that the capacity of the stadiums in the 3rd division must be more than 10,000 seats (of which 2000 seats); of these spaces, in turn, at least a third must be covered. A stadium capacity of 5000 seats is sufficient for second teams. The coaches must have completed the football teacher training course.
In particular, the conditions relating to the arcade infrastructure repeatedly prompt potential climbers from the subordinate regional leagues not to submit any licensing documents; for example SV Rödinghausen or Berliner AK 07 , both of which play in stadiums that are clearly too small. On the other hand, cases such as that of KFC Uerdingen 05 , 1. FC Saarbrücken or Türkgücü Munich show that even a temporary game in alternative venues is just as problematic as the search for one.
The media rights contract with SportA , the sports rights agency of the German public broadcasters ARD and ZDF , ran until the end of the 2017/2018 season. Under this contract, the ARD and its third programs broadcast at least 100, a maximum of 120 games and the promotion games to the 3rd league live. The third programs broadcast further games via live stream on the Internet . This reached an average of around four million viewers. In addition, the ARD sports show showed summaries of selected games on Saturdays from 6 p.m. to 6.30 p.m.
Since the start of the 2017/2018 season, Telekom has been broadcasting all games for customers and subscribers as internet live streams. A new contract will come into force from the 2018/2019 season to the 2021/22 season, with which SportA and Telekom will jointly hold the media rights to the 3rd division. The ARD and its regional broadcasters will then show 86 games from the 3rd division and the promotion games to the 3rd division live.
The clubs in the 3rd division have each received well over a million euros for television rights since the 2018/19 season, around 40 percent more than before. When the third division was introduced, the clubs received a total of 10 million euros. Since the 2009/10 season, the annual payout has been 12.8 million euros. The second teams of professional clubs do not participate in the television money.
The number of spectators in the third division varies greatly. Big city traditional clubs like Dynamo Dresden , 1. FC Kaiserslautern , 1. FC Magdeburg , Hansa Rostock , MSV Duisburg , Arminia Bielefeld , Karlsruher SC , Alemannia Aachen , Eintracht Braunschweig , 1860 Munich and Fortuna Düsseldorf , but also the ambitious newcomer RB Leipzig often had one Average attendance of well over 10,000 viewers per game. Dynamo Dresden achieved the highest value with an average of 27,500 spectators in the 2015/16 season. For the second Bundesliga teams, the average attendance is often less than 1500 spectators per game. Werder Bremen II had the lowest value in the 2011/12 season with an average of 626. In the 2018/19 season, more than three million viewers were registered for the first time with an average of over 8,000, and six clubs achieved a five-digit average attendance.
|season||All in all||per game|
Overall, the 3rd league has audience figures that are comparable to the second soccer leagues in Italy ( Serie B ), France ( Ligue 2 ) and Spain ( Segunda División ). Only the third-rate English Football League One has similarly high or higher attendance figures.
In the 2014/15 season, for the first time, more spectators per game came in the 3rd division than in the German Ice Hockey League (DEL). Since then, the average has always been just above that of the DEL. Right from the start, the average number of spectators in the 3rd division exceeded that of the handball and basketball Bundesliga .
Economic situation of the clubs
Since its first season, the 3rd league has had a higher turnover than the first-class German leagues in all other sports. For a number of clubs their participation in the 3rd division ended with major financial problems. In 2009 the Stuttgarter Kickers got down after the DFB had imposed a three-point deduction for a loan that was not repaid on time. In addition, Kickers Emden had to withdraw its application for a license for the 3rd division for economic reasons. In 2010/11 , the opening of insolvency proceedings resulted in the forced relegation of Rot Weiss Ahlen . In the same season the TuS Koblenz waived their right to start for the following third division season due to financial bottlenecks. 2013 was Alemannia Aachen after the opening of bankruptcy early relegated fixed and kickers Offenbach was the withdrawn third division license . 2016/17 presented VfR Aalen and FSV Frankfurt insolvency applications. Both clubs were deducted nine points, which meant relegation for FSV Frankfurt. In March 2018, Rot-Weiß Erfurt filed for insolvency, followed by Chemnitzer FC in April . Both clubs were relegated after deducting ten or nine points. Several other clubs are constantly threatened with bankruptcy.
At a press conference in mid-October 2019, the DFB published the balance sheet report for the 2018/19 season . A record turnover of 185 million euros was offset by an average loss of 1.5 million euros, which meant a new negative record. It was also the ninth of eleven years in which the clubs showed overall deficits, while seven clubs were still able to generate a profit. One of the main drivers of this situation, according to the report, was increased spending on human resources, especially on player transfers and salaries. The average earnings of a third division player for 2018/19 was given as around 7,000 euros. In addition, the number of spectators in the stadiums continued to rise, but in return it fell significantly on television.
Financial fair play and promotion of young talent
In order to counteract the problem, the DFB decided in September 2018 to introduce so-called financial fair play in the 3rd division as well as a youth development fund to improve the economic situation of the clubs and strengthen their talent development. A total of around € 3.5 million is to be distributed to the clubs. Up to € 550,000 is to be shared equally among clubs with “positive seasonal results” and clubs that “have achieved or even exceeded their target season goal”. A further € 2.95 million is to flow into the youth development of the participants, whereby the use of U21 players with German nationality should have a positive effect on the distribution rate per club.
The pots are distributed in September at the end of a season. With the first distribution, Hansa Rostock received the highest amount for the top position in the categories “positive annual result” and “planned quality” after a record turnover of 19 million euros in the 2018/19 season .
Seasonal balance sheets
Promoted and relegated from the 3rd division
|season||Promoted to the 2nd Bundesliga||four relegated to the regional leagues|
|2018/19||VfL Osnabrück , Karlsruher SC , SV Wehen Wiesbaden||Energie Cottbus , Sportfreunde Lotte , SC Fortuna Cologne , VfR Aalen|
|2019/20||Würzburger Kickers , Eintracht Braunschweig||Chemnitzer FC , Prussia Munster , SG Sonnenhof Großaspach , FC Carl Zeiss Jena|
Moved up and relegated to the 3rd division
|season||three relegated from the 2nd Bundesliga||three newcomers from the regional leagues (north, south, west)|
|2008/09||VfL Osnabrück , FC Ingolstadt 04 , SV Wehen Wiesbaden||Holstein Kiel , 1.FC Heidenheim , Borussia Dortmund II|
|2009/10||Hansa Rostock , TuS Koblenz , Rot Weiss Ahlen||SV Babelsberg 03 , VfR Aalen , 1. FC Saarbrücken|
|2010/11||VfL Osnabrück , Rot-Weiß Oberhausen , Arminia Bielefeld||Chemnitzer FC , SV Darmstadt 98 , Prussia Munster|
|2011/12||Karlsruher SC , Alemannia Aachen , Hansa Rostock||Hallescher FC , Stuttgarter Kickers , Borussia Dortmund II|
|season||Relegated from the 2nd Bundesliga||three newcomers from the regional leagues (Bavaria, North, Northeast, Southwest or West)|
|2012/13||MSV Duisburg 7 , SSV Jahn Regensburg||Holstein Kiel (north), RB Leipzig (northeast), SV Elversberg (southwest)|
|2013/14||Arminia Bielefeld , Dynamo Dresden , Energie Cottbus||SG Sonnenhof Großaspach , 1. FSV Mainz 05 II (both south-west), SC Fortuna Cologne (west)|
|2014/15||VfR Aalen , FC Erzgebirge Aue||Werder Bremen II (North), 1. FC Magdeburg (Northeast), Würzburger Kickers (Bavaria)|
|2015/16||SC Paderborn 07 , FSV Frankfurt , MSV Duisburg||SSV Jahn Regensburg (Bavaria), FSV Zwickau (northeast), Sportfreunde Lotte (west)|
Karlsruher SC , Würzburger Kickers ,
||SV Meppen (North), SpVgg Unterhaching (Bavaria), FC Carl Zeiss Jena (Northeast)|
|2017/18||1. FC Kaiserslautern , Eintracht Braunschweig||KFC Uerdingen (West), TSV 1860 Munich (Bavaria), Energie Cottbus (Northeast)|
|season||Relegated from the 2nd Bundesliga||four newcomers from the regional leagues (Bavaria, North, Northeast, Southwest or West)|
|2018/19||MSV Duisburg , 1. FC Magdeburg , FC Ingolstadt||FC Bayern Munich II (Bayern), SV Waldhof Mannheim (southwest), Chemnitzer FC (northeast), FC Viktoria Köln (west)|
|2019/20||SV Wehen Wiesbaden , Dynamo Dresden||1.FC Saarbrücken (southwest), VfB Lübeck (north), Türkgücü Munich (Bavaria), SC Verl (west)|
- Leader of the eternal Table of the 3. Liga is as of the end of season 2019/20 the SV Wehen Wiesbaden with 549 points, ahead of VfL Osnabrück with 527 points.
- VfL Osnabrück is the only team to have won two third division championships and is therefore also the record champions.
- Eintracht Braunschweig achieved the best results of the season in the 3rd division in the 2010/11 season with 85 points (26 wins, seven draws and 5 defeats) and 1.FC Magdeburg in the 2017/18 season with 85 points (27 wins, four Draws and seven losses).
- Dominik Stroh-Engel from SV Darmstadt 98 scored the most goals in one season (27 goals in the 2013/14 season ).
- The team with the most wins in a season is 1. FC Magdeburg (27 wins in the 2017/18 season ).
- The team with the most goals in a season is SC Paderborn 07 (90 goals in the 2017/18 season ).
- The team with the fewest defeats in a season is Dynamo Dresden with only two defeats during the 2015/16 season .
- The team with the fewest goals conceded in a season is FC Erzgebirge Aue (21 goals conceded in the 2015/16 season).
- The most goals (4) within a game were scored by Salvatore Amirante from FC Carl Zeiss Jena on August 9, 2009 in a 6-0 win against FC Bayern Munich II , Marcel Reichwein from FC Rot-Weiß Erfurt on March 17, 2012 in a 4-2 win SV Sandhausen , Dominik Stroh-Engel from SV Darmstadt 98 on September 21, 2013 in the 6: 0 against Hansa Rostock , Marcel Ziemer from Hansa Rostock on August 23, 2014 in the 4: 4 against SSV Jahn Regensburg , Timmy Thiele from FC Carl Zeiss Jena on December 16, 2017 at 4: 3 against Wehen Wiesbaden , Michele Rizzi from Preußen Münster on February 3, 2018 at 4: 2 at SV Werder Bremen II and Manuel Schäffler from SV Wehen Wiesbaden on November 4, 2018 at 7: 0 at Fortuna Cologne .
- The biggest victories were the 7-0 away successes of 1. FC Saarbrücken at FC Carl Zeiss Jena on August 11, 2010 and SV Wehen Wiesbaden at Fortuna Cologne on November 4, 2018.
- The game with the highest number of goals was the 5-5 game between Eintracht Braunschweig and Fortuna Düsseldorf on matchday 35 of the 2008/09 season.
- Daniel Frahn scored the fastest goal in the game between RB Leipzig and VfB Stuttgart II on matchday 9 of the 2013/14 season after 9 seconds.
- Fortuna Düsseldorf set the attendance record with 50,095 visitors in the game against Werder Bremen II on May 23, 2009.
- The highest number of visitors on a match day in the history of the 3rd division was achieved on the last match day of the 2015/16 season with 122,596 spectators.
- The longest series of victories, each with ten consecutive games, was achieved by Karlsruher SC (12th + 15th – 23rd matchday; the game on the 12th matchday was postponed before the 15th matchday) in the 2012/13 season and 1. FC Magdeburg (29th - 38th matchday) in the 2017/18 season .
- Most consecutive games without a win (28) were played by Werder Bremen II from the 5th to the 32nd matchday of the relegation season 2017/18.
- Dynamo Dresden achieved the highest average attendance in a third-highest division in Germany in the 2015/16 season with an average of 27,532 viewers.
- The MSV Duisburg ( season 2014/15 ) and FC Erzgebirge Aue ( 2015/16 ) being are the only teams that have lost in a season no game in their own stadium.
- In the 2015/16 season, Dynamo Dresden has been in first place in the table for the longest uninterrupted period (36 match days, from the 3rd match day) and total (36 match days) in one season.
- The most consecutive draws (7) were achieved by SV Wehen Wiesbaden in 2012/13 and SpVgg Unterhaching in the 2018/19 season .
- FC Carl Zeiss Jena suffered most of the defeats (6) from the start of the season in the 2019/20 season.
- With 47 goals, the 6th matchday of the 2019/20 season was the highest goal in league history.
|1||Anton Fink||SpVgg Unterhaching , VfR Aalen , Chemnitzer FC , Karlsruher SC||136|
|2||Marcel Ziemer||SV Wehen Wiesbaden , 1. FC Saarbrücken , Hansa Rostock||74|
|3||Zlatko Janjić||SV Wehen Wiesbaden , MSV Duisburg , SG Sonnenhof Großaspach||67|
|4th||Manuel Schäffler||Holstein Kiel , SV Wehen Wiesbaden||64|
|Dominik Stroh-Engel||SV Wehen Wiesbaden , SV Babelsberg 03 , SV Darmstadt 98 , Karlsruher SC , SpVgg Unterhaching|
|6th||Soufian Benyamina||FC Carl Zeiss Jena , VfB Stuttgart II , Prussia Munster , SV Wehen Wiesbaden , Hansa Rostock||62|
|7th||Christian Beck||1. FC Magdeburg||60|
|8th||Marcel Reichwein||Wuppertaler SV , SSV Jahn Regensburg , FC Rot-Weiß Erfurt , Prussia Munster||59|
|9||Pascal Testroet||Werder Bremen II , Kickers Offenbach , Arminia Bielefeld , VfL Osnabrück , Dynamo Dresden||58|
|10||Marc Schnatterer||1. FC Heidenheim||57|
|Status: end of season 2019/20|
Players in bold were active in the third division for the club in bold in the 2019/20 season.
Player of the month / Player of the season
Since the 2009/10 season, the internet platform fussball.de has been voting for “Third League Player of the Month” together with dfb.de. The coaches of the 20 teams nominate a total of five players in the calendar months with play, one of whom is voted player of the month via internet voting. At the end of the season, the monthly winners will then be available for voting in a further internet vote for “Third League Player of the Season”.
|season||1st place||2nd place||3rd place|
(FC Erzgebirge Aue)
(SSV Jahn Regensburg)
Koen van der Biezen
(SV Darmstadt 98)
(FC Erzgebirge Aue)
(SSV Jahn Regensburg)
(1. FC Magdeburg)
(SV Wehen Wiesbaden)
Kwasi Okyere Wriedt
(FC Bayern Munich II)
(1. FC Kaiserslautern)
The overviews of the “Player of the Month” can be found in the relevant seasonal articles, if available.
- Overview football league system
- Eternal table of the 3rd soccer league
- List of top scorers of the 3rd soccer league
- DFB plans reform of the amateur leagues from 2008/2009 - Is the 3rd Bundesliga coming now? In: Berliner Zeitung . January 17, 2006.
- DFL shelves original model: third division with second teams? In: kicker.de. Kicker-Sportmagazin , August 16, 2006, accessed on July 24, 2008 .
- "Dynamics of Football": Logo of the new 3rd division presented. In: dfb.de. German Football Association , April 10, 2008, accessed on July 24, 2008 .
- Official notices. (PDF; 276 kB) In: dfb.de. German Football Association, September 30, 2006, archived from the original on August 1, 2014 ; Retrieved February 19, 2016 .
- Cup for the 3rd league champion. In: dfb.de. German Football Association, archived from the original on March 24, 2010 ; Retrieved July 28, 2013 .
- Change of promotion rules in the regional league decided. In: dfb.de. DFB , accessed on April 8, 2018 .
- The third division will also get Monday games in the future , kicker online, accessed on June 1, 2018
- Uniform match ball for the 3rd league from 2018/19 , dfb.de, accessed on February 17, 2019
- DFB Bundestag resolves yellow card bans for coaches , kicker.de, accessed on October 24, 2019
- 3rd league relocated 28th and 29th matchday , dfb.de, accessed on April 5, 2020
- Interruption until April 30: 3rd league extends Corona break , web.de, accessed on March 17, 2020
- DFB with extensive changes to the game and youth regulations , dfb.de, accessed on April 5, 2020
- DFB press release on game operations in the 3rd division , accessed on April 28, 2020
- Five substitutions are also allowed in the 3rd division , liga3-online.de, accessed on May 29, 2020
- League reintroduces relegation games. In: bundesliga.de. DFL , October 9, 2007, accessed July 24, 2008 .
- Change of promotion rules in the regional league decided. dfb.de, December 8, 2017, accessed December 8, 2017 .
- rules - § 12 and § 12a. (PDF; 907 kB) In: dfb.de. German Football Association, accessed on February 6, 2014 .
- This is how the admission process for the 3rd league works , dfb.de, accessed on March 6, 2020
- SVR will continue to work sustainably in the future , svroedinghausen.de, accessed on March 6, 2020
- BAK waives license application for League 3 , fupa.net, accessed on March 6, 2020
- Türkgücü-Ataspor's goals: major sponsor, 2nd Bundesliga and stadium solution , merkur.de, accessed on March 6, 2020
- league in Ludwigspark is on the brink , sr.de, accessed on March 6, 2020
- The stadium question at KFC Uerdingen has been decided , reviersport.de, accessed on March 6, 2020
- dfb.de: 3rd league live at Telekom: All the facts
- sportschau.de: Anniversary in the 3rd division - no reason to celebrate , Frank van der Velden, July 19, 2017
- kicker.de: Telekom pays 16 million euros per season for 3rd division , January 26, 2017
- SID : Football - DFB: Distribution of television money for the 3rd division regulated. In: focus.de. Focus , November 28, 2007, accessed July 24, 2008 .
- German Football Association: New television contract until 2012 perfect. In: lifepr.de. unn UNITED NEWS NETWORK GmbH, May 13, 2008, accessed on July 30, 2013 .
- Clubs in the 3rd soccer league receive more television money. In: digitalfernsehen.de. Auerbach Verlag und Infodienste GmbH, February 20, 2009, accessed on July 30, 2013 .
- Kicker.de: audience statistics 2018/19 , 2017/18 , 2016/17 , 2015/16 , 2014/15 , 2013/14 , 2012/13 , 2011/12 , 2010/11 , 2009/10 , 2008/09
- dfb.de: audience figures 3rd league
- Edgar Lopez: Football: Because of the second division . In: ZEIT ONLINE . July 28, 2017 ( zeit.de [accessed August 27, 2018]).
- weltfussball.de , viewership figures for Football League One
- Helmut Sandrock: "The 3rd league is the leader in Europe". In: dfb.de. German Football Association, July 22, 2011, accessed on February 10, 2012 .
- Chemnitzer FC files for bankruptcy. In: kicker.de. Kicker, April 10, 2018, accessed April 11, 2018 .
- Despite record sales: Third division clubs make record losses , liga3-online.de, accessed on October 16, 2019
- DFB decides on Financial Fair Play for 3rd division , focus.de, accessed on September 24, 2018
- Financial Fair Play: Hansa Rostock with third division best value , liga3-online.de, accessed on February 17, 2020
- Rot-Weiß Erfurt - SV Sandhausen 4: 2 (3: 0). In: dfb.de. German Football Association, March 17, 2012, accessed on March 17, 2012 .
- Second best audience rating: Lotte prevents the record. In: kicker.de. July 30, 2018, accessed July 30, 2018 .
- Karlsruher SC - Balance against ... ( transfermarkt.de [accessed on March 31, 2018]).
- 3rd League - Series , transfermarkt.de, accessed on November 3, 2019
- Top facts about the 3rd league: Template king Stefaniak, Bollwerk Aue. In: dfb.de. German Football Association, May 25, 2016, accessed on May 25, 2016 .
- Three times 18: The draw record holders , dfb.de, accessed on November 3, 2018
- Historical false start: Kwasniok accounts with the team , liga3-online.de, accessed on August 18, 2019
- 47 hits in ten games: goal record in the 3rd division , kicker.de, accessed on September 3, 2019
- Record player in the 3rd division. In: weltfussball.de. Retrieved February 24, 2020 .
- Record scorer in the 3rd division. In: weltfussball.de. Retrieved June 3, 2020 .
- Vote the 3rd league player of the month! In: fussball.de. Deutsche Telekom , accessed on July 30, 2013 .