Football Oberliga Nordost
|Association||Northeast German Football Association|
|Teams||32 (2 × 16)|
SV Lichtenberg 47 (north) ,
BSG Chemie Leipzig (south)
↑ Regionalliga Northeast (IV)
The Oberliga Nordost ( NOFV-Oberliga ) is a division in German football . After German reunification, it was the successor to the GDR Oberliga and thus the top division in the new federal states . From 1991 she was one of the third class, from 1994 fourth class upper leagues in Germany. As of 2008, the Oberliga Nordost will be the fifth division in the league system in Germany . It is named after the Northeast German Football Association (NOFV) as the regional association of the German Football Association (DFB).
The Oberliga Nordost is played in two seasons each comprising 16 teams, whereby the clubs are assigned to the seasons north and south according to regional criteria . With a few exceptions, the north season consists of clubs from the federal states of Berlin , Brandenburg and Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania , the south season consists of clubs from Saxony , Saxony-Anhalt and Thuringia .
1990/91: The last season of the GDR Oberliga
The NOFV-Oberliga emerged after the GDR Football Association joined the German DFB as the successor to the GDR Oberliga and existed as the top division in the territory of the former German Democratic Republic only in the 1990/91 season . The title holder was FC Hansa Rostock , runner-up at 1. FC Dynamo Dresden . Both acquired the right to start the 1991/92 Bundesliga season , while Rostock also qualified for the 1991/92 European Cup . The FC Rot-Weiss Erfurt and Halle FC qualified for the UEFA Cup in 1991/92 and together with the Chemnitzer FC and FC Carl Zeiss Jena for the 2. Bundesliga . The 1. FC Lokomotive Leipzig and the BSV Stahl Brandenburg reached the second division a play-off round, all other clubs continued to play in the 1991/92 season from the only third-rate NOFV-Oberliga.
1991-1994: Third highest division
In the seasons 1991/92 to 1993/94 , the NOFV-Oberliga was the third-class league in German football and consisted of the three seasons North, Middle and South. At the end of each season, the season winners played with the champions of the seven other top leagues of the DFB in promotion rounds for relegation to the 2nd Bundesliga. The last two placed in each season relegated to the respective national leagues. The 1. FC Union Berlin was three times champion of the relay middle, but missed promotion in two promotion rounds, while the club was refused the license as a result of the third participation. The FSV Zwickau was 1991/92 and 1993/94 champions of South-season, with only after the second championship and the ascent was achieved, while the same in season 1992/93 Tennis Borussia Berlin succeeded as champions of North Season. The other season winners missed the possible promotion or were not allowed to participate in the promotion round due to license refusals.
|1991/92||FC Berlin||1. FC Union Berlin||FSV Zwickau|
|1992/93||Tennis Borussia Berlin (promotion)||1. FC Union Berlin *||FC Sachsen Leipzig **|
|1993/94||BSV Stahl Brandenburg||1. FC Union Berlin **||FSV Zwickau (ascent)|
* Promoted athletically, but did not receive a license
** Did not receive a license, so the runner-up took part in the promotion round
1994-2008: fourth highest division
With the reintroduction of the Regionalliga in 1994, the NOFV-Oberliga became fourth-class from the 1994/95 season, making it the second highest amateur division alongside the seven other DFB leagues. The champions of the north and south seasons rose directly into the four-track regional league during the first five seasons, the middle season was dissolved. By reducing the regional league from four to two seasons in 1999, there were no promoters in 1998/99 , from the 1999/2000 season the only promotion place in the regional league was decided in two relegation games between the two season winners. From 2005/06 both season winners were again eligible for promotion. During the 14 seasons, as the fourth highest division, 16 and 18 teams each took part in the game operations of the two seasons, and 19 teams temporarily due to several relegated teams from the regional leagues.
As a result of the introduction of the 3rd league and an expansion of the regional league to three seasons since the 2008/09 season, the Oberliga Nordost is now only fifth class. In the last fourth-rate season 2007/08 , the three best-placed teams in each season qualified directly for the enlarged regional league. The fourth placed in the North and South seasons played in a relegation from the seventh and last promotion place. Only the last placed in each case will be relegated to the association leagues.
|1994/95||FSV Velten||FSV Wacker 90 Nordhausen|
|1995/96||SC Charlottenburg||VFC Plauen|
SV Babelsberg 03 ,
Hansa Rostock II
|1. FC Magdeburg|
|1997/98||SD Croatia Berlin||Dresdner SC|
Hertha BSC II,
Tennis Borussia Berlin II
|VfL Halle 1896|
|1999/00||Hansa Rostock II *||FSV Hoyerswerda|
|2000/01||BFC Dynamo||1. FC Magdeburg (promotion)|
|2001/02||Hertha BSC II||1.FC Dynamo Dresden (promotion)|
|2002/03||FC Schoenberg 95||FC Sachsen Leipzig (promotion)|
|2003/04||Hertha BSC II (promotion)||VFC Plauen|
|2004/05||Hansa Rostock II *||FC Carl Zeiss Jena (promotion)|
|2005/06||1. FC Union Berlin||1. FC Magdeburg|
|2006/07||SV Babelsberg 03||FC Energie Cottbus II|
Hertha BSC II,
Hansa Rostock II,
Hallescher FC ,
Chemnitzer FC ,
VFC Plauen ,
FC Sachsen Leipzig
* Refraining from relegation games that were played by teams up
Since 2008: fifth highest division
With the league reform since the 2008/09 season, the Oberliga Nordost is now only fifth class. For the seven teams promoted to the regional league in the previous year and the two teams relegated to the association and state leagues, the previous year's champions of the six association and state leagues in the NOFV area were promoted to the Oberliga Nordost as direct promoters, while the runners-up in the six leagues paired off three more promoted players in two relegation games each.
Since then, the two season winners have been promoted to the regional league. The two last-placed teams of both relays are relegated, the six places that are thus vacated are taken by the six league champions. If a NOFV club is relegated from the regional leagues, the third-bottom of the two league seasons will play another relegated team in two relegation games. If there are two relegated teams from the regional leagues, both third-last will be relegated; for further regional league relegations, the upper league would be topped up accordingly.
Participating teams 2020/21
See: Season North 2020/21
See: Season South 2020/21
- Volkmar Laube , Roland Uhl: Football in the northeast - tradition, present, future . MDprint, Magdeburg 2005. ISBN 3-9808508-3-8 .