1. FC Magdeburg
|1. FC Magdeburg|
|Surname||1. Football Club Magdeburg e. V.|
|Seat||Magdeburg , Saxony-Anhalt|
|founding||December 22, 1965|
|Members||9271 (October 5, 2020)|
|Surname||1. FC Magdeburg
|Shareholder||1. FC Magdeburg e. V.|
|chief Executive Officer||Mario Kallnik|
|Head coach||Thomas Hoßmang|
The 1. FC Magdeburg (officially . 1. Football Club eV Magdeburg , also the first FCM , FCM or the Club ) is a football club from Magdeburg . It was founded on December 22nd, 1965 when the soccer section was spun off from SC Magdeburg and with 9,271 members (as of October 5th, 2020) is the largest sports club in Saxony-Anhalt . The club's colors are blue and white. The home games have been played in the MDCC Arena since 2007 . The licensed player department became 1. FC Magdeburg Spielbetriebs GmbH in summer 2017 outsourced, whose sole shareholder is the association.
The FCM is one of the most successful teams in GDR football . With the exception of the 1966/67 season, Magdeburg played from 1960 to 1991 in the top division, the GDR league . The club was three times champion and won the FDGB Cup seven times . The greatest success in the club's history so far was recorded by 1. FC Magdeburg in 1974. The club was the only team in the GDR to win a European Cup, the European Cup Winners' Cup . After the reunification , the club missed the leap into paid football and played in the regional amateur field from 1990 to 2015.
1. FC Magdeburg has been playing in all-German professional football since 2015 , initially in the third division . The promotion to the 2nd Bundesliga as champions of the 3rd division in 2018 was the greatest sporting success since reunification. The club has been back in the 3rd division since the 2019/20 season .
1945 to 1979: From the beginning to the European Cup victory
1945 to 1960: The forerunners of 1. FC Magdeburg
Before the First World War , the Cricket Victoria and FC Victoria clubs were active in Magdeburg . Between 1933 and 1942 both played at times in the Gauliga Mitte , one of the 16 top football classes at the time. After the Second World War , like all East German sports clubs, they were permanently banned at the instigation of the Soviet occupying forces on the basis of Directive No. 23 of the Allied Control Council . For the continuation of sports competitions, simply organized sports communities (SG) were initially approved at the regional level. As a forerunner of 1. FC Magdeburg, SG Sudenburg was founded in autumn 1945, and in May 1949 it merged with SG Lemsdorf to form SG Eintracht Sudenburg.
After sports competitions had been permitted beyond the city and district limits in 1947, SG Sudenburg took part in the games of the Magdeburg-Süd soccer district in the 1947/48 season and took fourth place among seven teams, which, however, did not qualify for the other qualifying rounds for the 1st East Zone Championship for the state class of Saxony-Anhalt established from 1948 on . It was not until the 1949/50 season that SG Eintracht Sudenburg played in the national class, in which they reached third place in the North season. Up to 12,000 spectators followed the home games on the sports field on Königsweg.
After the introduction of the system of company sports associations (BSG) in East Germany, the former Friedrich Krupp AG Grusonwerk , later known as the heavy engineering combine "Ernst Thälmann" (SKET), took over the SG as a sponsoring company and converted it into BSG Krupp Gruson Magdeburg around. After the company was converted into a state-owned company , the BSG was given the name Stahl Magdeburg in 1951 and, after the establishment of the central motor sports association for the mechanical engineering sector, the name BSG Motor Mitte in 1952. In accordance with the specifications, a wide range of sports had to be offered, but only the football section achieved supra-regional importance.
In 1951 the team became national champions and qualified for the new DS-League (later GDR League) . In the first season in the second highest division, Stahl Magdeburg reached fourth place. With an average of 11,000 spectators, the club had the second-highest average in the second division behind Chemie Chemnitz. In the 1950s, the Magdeburg had successful goal scorers. In 1952, Günter Thorhauer was second on the list of goalscorers in his league relay with 12 goals, and a year later Siegfried Koch was the second best scorer of all 26 GDR league teams with 23 goals.
In the following years, BSG Stahl and BSG Motor Mitte always gave promotion to the top league as a season goal. However, after good games in which the leaders were defeated, performance declines and there was a lack of continuity to be at the top at the end of a season. Therefore, the Magdeburg team took second, third or fourth place between 1953 and 1957. When the sports associations developed their main sports clubs in the mid-1950s, SC Aufbau Magdeburg was founded in 1955 , to which the BSG Motor's football section was affiliated on August 23, 1957. In the sports club, too, the football teams were only one of several sections. As the football section of the newly founded SC Aufbau Magdeburg , the club again missed promotion in 1957. The 1958 season was to be the worst for the Magdeburg team during their GDR league membership. After a series of defeats, coach Johannes Manthey had to leave, and Fritz Wittenbecher was signed for him . Wittenbecher continued the restructuring of the team that Manthey had started and formed a team that in the following year achieved the desired promotion to the highest GDR football league .
1960 to 1965: For the first time in the GDR league and founding a club
After nine years in the second-rate GDR league, Magdeburg played in the country's top division, the GDR Oberliga, from 1960. The capacity of the Germer Stadium was no longer sufficient for some games, so that the home games were played in the Grubestadion. 35,000 spectators at the game against Vorwärts Berlin set a new record for the SC structure. With a 3-0 win against SC Lokomotive Leipzig , Magdeburg secured relegation three game days before the end of the season. At the end of the season, the SC structure reached seventh place.
In the following three seasons, the Magdeburg team fought against relegation for a long time, relegation was mostly only secured on the last match days. There was a premiere for this in the 1963/64 season. After success through activist Zwickau , Chemie Zeitz , Dynamo Berlin and SC Motor Jena , the SC construction was in the final of the FDGB Cup . The opponent on June 13, 1964 was the SC Leipzig in the Paul Greifzu Stadium in Dessau . After a 2-0 lead by the favorite from Leipzig, the Magdeburg team turned the game around and came in the third minute of stoppage time to the 3-2 winner by Hermann Stöcker , who entitled to the first European Cup participation. Galatasaray Istanbul was drawn as the first international opponent . In 1965 the Magdeburg team reached another midfield position. They were the first team ever to defend the GDR football cup title. In the final in Berlin, runner-up Motor Jena took the lead 1-0. As in the previous year, the Magdeburg team turned the game around and won with a penalty that was converted in the last minute.
In 1965, the GDR sports leadership decided to promote football more intensively and initiated the formation of football clubs by separating the most successful football sections from the existing sports clubs. 1. FC Magdeburg was founded on December 22nd, 1965. For the FCM, the first season was not optimal, the team descended from bottom of the table in the GDR league. In the European Cup , however, Magdeburg reached the quarter-finals after an 8: 1 over FC Sion , the highest victory in Magdeburg's European Cup history. There the defending champions West Ham United prevailed 1-0 and 1-1.
1965 to 1971: upswing of 1. FC Magdeburg
After relegation, the former coach of the GDR national team, Heinz Krügel, took over as coach at FCM. There was a neck-and-neck race with Post Neubrandenburg throughout the season . It was only on the last day of the match that the decision about promotion was made in a direct duel with Neubrandenburg. The 1: 1 in front of 45,000 spectators was enough for the FCM to make it back up.
In the following year in the GDR league , the club gained third place in the table as a newcomer. With this placement, the FCM returned to the international stage. In the summer break of 1968, the FCM played for the first time in the Intertoto Cup and met the teams Odra Opole , Jednota Trenčín and Hvidovre Copenhagen . In the following year the FCM had the chance to win the first championship title until the last day of the match, but two defeats in the last two games meant again third place in the final accounts. The high point of the season came two weeks after the point games were over. After victories over Neubrandenburg, Zwickau, Chemie Leipzig and the BFC Dynamo , they competed against FC Karl-Marx-Stadt in the final of the FDGB Cup in Dresden's Rudolf Harbig Stadium . After two goals from Jörg Ohm and further goals from Joachim Walter and Jürgen Sparwasser , FCM won 4-0 and celebrated their third cup success.
In the following European Cup season, the FCM won in the first round against MTK Budapest . In the second round they lost to Academica Coimbra . In the Oberliga, the Magdeburg team did not build on the good performance of previous years. The 1970/71 season , which ended with fourth place, used the club to further rejuvenate the team.
1971 to 1979: the golden decade
In the 1970s, league football in the GDR was primarily shaped by 1. FC Magdeburg and SG Dynamo Dresden . The FCM owes this success to its coach Heinz Krügel, under whose direction the club produced nine GDR national players between 1969 and 1974, four of whom were in the squad for the 1974 World Cup . The most successful years of sport in Magdeburg football began in 1972 when the GDR championship title was won for the first time with the youngest championship team up to that point . The highlights were the 2-1 win against Dynamo Dresden in front of 38,000 spectators during the floodlight inauguration of the pit stadium and a 5-0 win against Carl Zeiss Jena in front of 45,000 spectators. A new attendance record was set with 22,231 spectators per game.
In the following season, third place was taken in the major league. The first appearance in the European Cup brought two wins against the Finnish title holder Turku PS . In the second round, the Italian champions Juventus Turin were a much tougher opponent. 45,000 spectators supported their club at home in the second leg. Two 0-1 defeats, however, meant the end. Despite being eliminated from the European competition, the Magdeburg team did not go without a title in the 1972/73 season. Via the stations Motor Babelsberg , Dynamo Schwerin , Hansa Rostock and Rot-Weiß Erfurt , the Magdeburg team made it into the FDGB Cup final for the fourth time. Opponent on May 1, 1973 in Dessau's Paul Greifzu Stadium was 1. FC Lokomotive Leipzig . Like nine years earlier, the FCM defeated the same opponent, this time in front of over 10,000 fans who had traveled with them, 3-2.
The 1973/74 season is still considered the most successful season in the club's history. After the team was in second place in the table with three defeats at the winter break, they remained undefeated in the second half of the season. In the final phase of the championship, the three direct competitors Magdeburg, Jena and Dresden each met directly on the last three match days. The young Magdeburg team , which with an average age of 22.3 years was the youngest championship team in the history of the GDR Oberliga and thus also undercut the championship team from 1972, had to contest their duels away and won both games 2-1 (Jena) and 1-0 (Dresden). In addition to the second GDR championship title, winning the European Cup Winners' Cup was the greatest success in the history of the FCM. After defeating NAC Breda , Baník Ostrava , Beroe Stara Sagora and in the semifinals Sporting Lisbon in the previous rounds , the team won the final at the De Kuip stadium in Rotterdam against the defending champions AC Milan after goals from Enrico Lanzi in front of the negative backdrop for the European Cup final of 4,644 spectators ( Own goal ) and Wolfgang Seguin 2-0 and thus became the only football club in the GDR to triumph in Europe. In addition, 1. FC Magdeburg, together with the European Cup team from Celtic Glasgow in 1967, is the only club that has won the European Cup exclusively with players from its own region. The fact that all the players came from the Magdeburg district was unusual even for GDR football.
The hosting of the European Supercup against the winner of the European Cup of Champions FC Bayern Munich was banned by the GDR Football Association . Coincidence ensured that the Supercup was “caught up” in the round of 16 of the 1974/75 European Cup . In the first leg at Munich's Olympic Stadium , Magdeburg led 2-0 at half-time, FC Bayern turned the game around in the second half and won 3-2 in the end. The 1: 2 defeat in the second leg let the Magdeburg out. Nevertheless, another title was brought to the Elbe in the 1974/75 season . Magdeburg's home record of eleven wins and two draws laid the foundation for the third and last GDR championship title. With one match day before the end, FCM secured the championship title ahead of Carl Zeiss Jena and Dynamo Dresden.
The third appearance in the European Champions Cup was also short-lived. In the first round in 1975/76 there was a clash with the Swedish title holder Malmö FF . A 2-1 defeat in Malmö was followed by a 2-1 victory in Magdeburg, so that a penalty shoot-out had to determine the winner. Although the Swedes only scored twice from the point, they still made it to the next round, as only Wolfgang Steinbach of the five Magdeburg shooters scored . In the league , the FCM missed the defense of the championship title and reached the qualification for the UEFA Cup with third place .
In 1976, Heinz Krügel's career as a coach at 1. FC Magdeburg ended when he was replaced due to political unreliability under pressure from various SED officials . Among other things, Krügel rejected political interference and in 1974 an espionage campaign against FC Bayern Munich coach Udo Lattek . His successor was Klaus Urbanczyk . In his first season he led the team to the quarter-finals of the UEFA Cup after successes over AC Cesena , Dinamo Zagreb and Videoton Székesfehérvár . As was the case five years earlier, the eventual winner Juventus Turin was too strong for the Magdeburg team, which had been weakened. Second place at the end of the league season meant participating in the UEFA Cup again.
In the autumn of 1977 the Magdeburg team beat Bundesliga leaders FC Schalke 04 4-2 and 3-1 in two UEFA Cup games . This makes the FCM the only team that Schalke lost in the European Cup in the Park Stadium. Also this European Cup season ended in the quarter-finals against eventual winners PSV Eindhoven , with the Dutch only winning the duel in the penultimate minute of the second leg. In the upper league , the Magdeburg team again took second place. The highlight of the season was the victory in the FDGB Cup . With a header from team captain Manfred Zapf , FCM defeated the eventual champions Dynamo Dresden 1-0 in the Berlin World Youth Stadium . With the fifth cup success, the cup finally passed into Magdeburg's possession.
After winning the fifth cup, the FCM started again in the European Cup Winners' Cup for the first time after winning the European Cup in 1974. The third time in a row came the end in the quarterfinals. Banik Ostrava scored the decisive winner in the second leg five minutes before the end. Also in this season, the FCM defeated the future champions in the FDGB Cup final . A goal by Wolfgang “Paule” Seguin in the 101st minute meant a 1-0 win over BFC Dynamo and cup victory number six. With this victory at the latest, the reputation of the Magdeburg club as a cup team was sealed. In the league , the FCM remained for the first time since 1972 without a championship medal and ended up fourth.
1979 to 2002: turning point and bankruptcy
1979 to 1989: Average in Magdeburg
Manfred Zapf and Jürgen Sparwasser ended their careers during the 1979 summer break. In the 1979/80 FDGB Cup , the FCM was eliminated in the round of 16, in the Oberliga the Magdeburg team reached fourth place and in the European Cup it was over against Arsenal London in the second round. In the second leg against the English, Dirk Stahmann scored the hundredth goal in Magdeburg's European cup history.
Apart from third place in the 1980/81 season , 1. FC Magdeburg has not had any major successes in the league since the late 1970s. In the seasons 1981/82 and 1982/83 the FCM occupied sixth place in the table. Therefore Klaus Urbanczyk was replaced by Claus Kreul in April 1982 . Getting a place in the UEFA Cup was the only realistic goal. Here, however, they were mostly eliminated in the first rounds, albeit often against well-known opponents. In 1981, the FCM retired in the second round against the top Italian team Torino Calcio . A year later , Lothar Matthäus sealed the elimination against Borussia Mönchengladbach in the first round. After a 3-1 win in the first leg, Magdeburg suffered a 2-0 defeat with a goal by Lothar Matthäus five minutes before the end.
With the seventh win of the FDGB Cup in 1983, the Magdeburg triumphs again. With around 25,000 supporters who traveled with them and supported their team in their 4-0 victory in the World Youth Stadium against FC Karl-Marx-Stadt , the club's record of outside spectators was set. The cup win gave the Magdeburgern another highlight in the European Cup Winners' Cup 1983/84 . The FCM could have sold around 70,000 tickets for the first round home game against the top European team of FC Barcelona . The 32,000 spectators who received a ticket then saw that the FCM could no longer keep up with the big clubs in Europe. Driven by Bernd Schuster and an outstanding Diego Maradona with three goals , the Catalans won 5-1. For FCM it was the biggest defeat in their European history. The second leg in Barcelona they lost 2-0.
After the career of the successful generation of the 1970s, many young players were integrated into the squad. But they did not manage to build on the sporting successes of the 1970s. In 1983/84 and 1984/85 , the fifth place was achieved. The Magdeburg had lost the connection to the top league, which was now formed by the teams BFC Dynamo, Dynamo Dresden and 1. FC Lok Leipzig. The lack of success was also reflected in the number of visitors. While up to the 1976/77 season an average of 18,000 and more spectators flocked to the Ernst-Grube-Stadion, the average for the season at the beginning of the 1980s was only around 13,000. From the mid-1980s, the audience was around 10,000.
In 1985 Joachim Streich ended his playing career and became the new coach of the FCM. At that time he was the youngest league coach. A first success was reaching the European Cup after fourth place in 1985/86 . The following European Cup season was over for the FCM after two games. Athletico Bilbao prevailed with a 2-0 and a 0-1. Streich consistently continued the rejuvenation in the squad and brought hopeful youngsters like Markus Wuckel , Dirk Schuster , Stefan Minkwitz or René Schneider into the team. The young team had no sporting successes to show for the next few years. Seventh place in the 1987/88 season was the worst placement since 1970.
1989 to 1995: Crash into amateur football
In the 1989/90 season , the FCM played again with young players for the championship. On the last day of the match, the team competed with their direct competitors from Chemnitz, lost 1-0 and took third place in the final score. Third place qualified for participation in the UEFA Cup and thus for the time being the last participation in a European cup competition. On the day of German reunification , Heiko Laessig scored the last European goal to date at Rovaniemi PS . In the second round, more than 600 people from Magdeburg used the new freedom of travel and accompanied their team to the game at Girondins Bordeaux . With two 0: 1 defeats, the Magdeburg team said goodbye to the international stage.
Due to management errors, the Magdeburg team lost touch with top football in the period after the fall of the Berlin Wall. In the 1990/91 season , after finishing third in the previous year, hopes were high that the qualification for the first or second Bundesliga would be successful. However, the departure of coach Joachim Streich and various players to German clubs could not be compensated, the FCM was tenth in the table. In the subsequent qualifying round for the 2. Bundesliga no victory was achieved, which meant that the FCM played in the third-class Oberliga Nordost-Mitte from 1991 onwards . During the 1991/92 season , the FCM fought head-to-head for a relay win with 1. FC Union Berlin . In the end, the FCM finished second, 13 points behind. As a result, the only participation in the amateur championship was possible, in which the FCM occupied the last group place with only one draw from four games.
In the 1992/93 season , the Magdeburg team were far from the top places and finished eighth. Instead, a 3-2 win against Halleschen FC was the first to win the Saxony-Anhalt Cup , which was launched in 1991 and which entitles them to participate in the 1993/94 DFB Cup . After a bye in the first round, the then second division Wuppertaler SV was a guest in Magdeburg. After a dramatic course of play, the FCM had scored two goals after falling 2-0 in the last four minutes and had equalized in extra time, FCM won 8-7 on penalties and received defending champions Bayer 04 in the third round Leverkusen . The Bundesliga team won 5-1 in the Ernst Grube Stadium, which was sold out for a long time. In the Oberliga, the FCM missed qualification for the new four-track regional league at the end of the season due to the poorer goal difference against Hertha Zehlendorf . Ironically, on the 20th anniversary of the European Cup win, two penalties were missed. The resulting 1: 2 defeat against VfB Lichterfelde let the FCM fail in qualifying for the regional league.
The club played in the fourth-class Oberliga Nordost-Nord from the 1994/95 season . This season was the previous low point for the former European Cup winner, both athletically and in terms of audience interest. The average attendance was 444, and relegation to the association league was only just averted. It was not until the last match day that they were able to stay up through a 5-2 win at Prussia Berlin .
1995 to 2002: From cup sensation to bankruptcy
After a year in the midfield of the Oberliga Nordost-Nord, the FCM set new goals. The new President Eckhard Meyer wanted to see Bundesliga football “in a modern Magdeburg stadium within ten years”. Together with the new manager Hans-Dieter Schmidt , he put together a team of seasoned professionals like Frank Lieberam and Jörg Kretzschmar as well as talents from his own offspring, who set their sights on promotion in the Oberliga Nordost-Süd in the 1996/97 season . This season, Fortuna Magdeburg, a second club from Magdeburg, was promoted to the league. Both local derbies and the key game against FSV Hoyerswerda were attended by up to 10,000 spectators; a total of around 3000 spectators came again to the FCM in the Ernst-Grube-Stadion. In the end, 1. FC Magdeburg rose as the season winner in the Regionalliga Nordost .
Once in the season 1997/98 relegation in the regional and the second country Cup with a 4: 1 via Lok / Altmark Stendal had been secured, the FCM played in the following years to a few games before the end of the season to move up to the second Bundesliga with. In the end you got third place. Despite well-known newcomers such as Bodo Schmidt , only tenth place was achieved in the next year. So after three years because of the regional league reform from 2000/01, the fourth division in the league was due again. The second team of the FCM achieved the third win of the national cup.
In the 2000/01 DFB Cup , the Magdeburg team caused a sensation when they won against 1. FC Köln , FC Bayern Munich and Karlsruher SC and only narrowly failed 1-0 in the quarter-finals against eventual winners FC Schalke 04 . During this season the FCM scored 120 goals in the Oberliga Nordost-Süd. At the end of the season, the team managed to return to the regional league in the relegation games against the winner of the Oberliga Nordost-Nord , BFC Dynamo . However, the ascent was not financially secure. The budget for the regional league season of six million DM was insufficiently covered, which is why a guarantee of five million DM had to be provided. In a two-day fundraising campaign, fans collected more than one million DM, prompting two local banks to vouch for the remaining amount. In addition, the national cup was won for the fourth time, this time again by the first team.
In the 2001/02 season , the FCM managed to stay in the regional league. With over 4,500 spectators per game, the average number of visitors increased again. Nevertheless, the club's history came to a low point for the time being: As in the previous year, the DFB imposed conditions for issuing the license. However, the club was unable to secure a second funding. In 2002 insolvency proceedings were applied for, which was connected with the forced relegation from the regional league.
2002 to 2015: From bankruptcy to professional football
2002 to 2006: Rebuilding for League 2
All the players of the first team except for the new team captain Mario Kallnik left the club. The second team moved up from the association league to create relegation in the league, which succeeded with a tenth place. With a 2-0 win over 1. FC Lok Stendal, the national cup was won for the fifth time. Despite the setbacks, the average attendance changed only insignificantly.
In the following years the association was restructured. Financial consolidation took center stage after the bankruptcy. 1. FC Magdeburg set itself the goal of playing in the 2. Bundesliga in the medium term. In 2004 the Magdeburg city council decided to demolish the Ernst-Grube-Stadium and build a new modern football arena. As a result, the FCM had to play its home games in the Heinrich-Germer-Stadion from February 2005 .
During this time, the team was reorganized under the leadership of their new coach, Magdeburg veteran Dirk Heyne , and the new manager Bernd Hofmann and reached third ( 2003/04 ) and fifth ( 2004/05 ) before the club entered the 2005/06 season rose as a league champion in the regional league. With a 1-0 victory over SV 09 Staßfurt, the state cup was won for the sixth time.
2006 to 2009: On the threshold of professional football
In season 2006/07 the league should be managed. With the new stadium behind them, the team started a winning streak after the winter break after initial difficulties at the beginning of the season. For a long time it looked as if the FCM would succeed as the third team after FC Gütersloh and FC Carl Zeiss Jena from the fourth to the second division. Although three game days before the end of the game the lead over a non-promotion place was five points, Dirk Heyne's team was intercepted by VfL Osnabrück on the last game day and only finished third. The decisive game against FC St. Pauli was the first sold out match game in the new stadium with over 25,000 spectators. In the state cup, the second team made up for the early elimination of the "first" and won the seventh title for the club with a 3-0 win against Prussia Magdeburg .
The club's management gave qualification for the third division as a goal for the 2007/08 season . Even before the start of the regional league, the first round of the DFB Cup was due. Bundesliga club Borussia Dortmund was a guest and won 4: 1. In the league, the team could not build on the successes from the previous season. Above all, the departure of the best striker Aleksandar Kotuljac could not be compensated. When the team was below tenth place after the first half of the season, Dirk Heyne was relieved of his duties in December and replaced by Paul Linz . Despite prominent new signings during the winter break, the club missed the leap into paid football on the last match day and played in the now fourth-class regional league from the 2008/09 season . The audience interest was still unbroken, the average attendance at the home games was 12,000. In the state cup , the team reached the final against Halleschen FC , which ended with a 3-4 defeat on penalties.
For the new season, the FCM was traded as a promotion favorite. After starting the season with three defeats in four games, the team started a winning streak, so that the club finished second during the winter break. After a failed start in the second half of the season with just one win from the first six games after the winter break and ten points behind Holstein Kiel, Paul Linz was released from his duties in March 2009. Steffen Baumgart took over as the responsible instructor. At the end of the season, the team reached fourth place and the final of the national cup. In a new edition, the Magdeburg team defeated Halleschen FC 1-0 in front of almost 13,000 spectators. The average attendance was over 8600 visitors per game and was the highest of the 54 regional league teams.
2009 to 2012: sadness and sporting crash
The qualification for the first main round of the DFB-Pokal 2009/10 was connected with the victory in the national cup . There they met Bundesliga relegated Energie Cottbus and lost 3-1. During the winter break of the 2009/10 season , the Magdeburg team took fifth place in the table. The objective could not be achieved. As a result, coach Baumgart was on leave in March and replaced by the head of the youth training center Carsten Müller, who looked after the team until the end of the season. In the end, the promotion and the win of the national cup were missed; as a result, the average attendance dropped significantly.
After the promotion to the 3rd division had been missed twice, the 2010/11 season should be used to rebuild the team under coach Ruud Kaiser . 13 players had to leave the club for this. In return, more than ten new players were hired. The season started successfully with ten points from the first four games. In the following weeks, the team slipped to 13th place in the table until the winter break. Even in the second half of the season there was no improvement despite further signings, so that Kaiser was released from his duties in March 2011 and replaced by the previous coach of the 2nd team, Wolfgang Sandhowe . Relegation was only ensured by a series of four wins in the last four games. In the end, five wins in 17 home games meant the FCM's worst home record since the club was founded. As a consequence of the sporting failure, the entire presidium around Volker Rehboldt resigned. Peter Fechner became the new president.
The downward trend continued in the 2011/12 season. The new sports director Detlef Ullrich initiated another upheaval and signed mostly young players. After starting the season with just one win from the first ten games, Wolfgang Sandhowe was given leave of absence as a coach. The previous assistant coach Ronny Thielemann became head coach. But even Thielemann could not stop the negative trend, so that he was demoted to Carsten Müller's assistant in the second half of the season after a series of failures. Sports director Detlef Ullrich, who had meanwhile also taken over the post of head coach, was released before the end of the season. Ronny Thielemann switched to the youth department for the new season. 1. FC Magdeburg finished the season in last place, but did not get relegated as the regional league was reformed in the same year. The fans stopped their support towards the end of the season to protest against the failure of recent years. The season went down with only one home win as one of the worst seasons in the club's history. In addition to the sporting crash, the Daniel Bauer case caused a stir nationwide. According to his information, Magdeburg fans threatened the captain in front of his house. Bauer then terminated his player contract.
2012 to 2015: From the spirit of optimism to professional football
For the new season, the sports management was completely replaced. Mario Kallnik was hired for the presidium . He was responsible for sports and finance. Andreas Petersen from Germania Halberstadt was presented as the new head coach. The former players Frank Windelband and Christian Beer completed the coaching staff. Marco Kurth became the new captain. The new sporting management analyzed all structures and signed twelve new players, and several young players from their own offspring received contracts for the first team. 13 players left the club. In terms of sport, a clear upward trend was evident in the 2012/13 season . The team finished the season in sixth place. On May 31, 2013, the FCM won the Saxony-Anhalt Cup in front of 13,300 spectators. In the final, Germania Halberstadt was defeated 3-1 after extra time. This gave 1. FC Magdeburg the right to start the 2013/14 DFB Cup . As in 2009, the team met Energie Cottbus and lost 1-0.
For the 2013/14 season , the club management set the goal of "upper half of the table". Shortly after the start of the season, Marco Kurth was deposed as captain after differences with head coach Petersen. He then ended his career. His successor was Marius Sowislo . The upswing continued in the league and for a long time the FCM was the only pursuer of TSG Neustrelitz . The team started the second half of the season seven points behind. The club lost the decisive clash with 1: 2. Thus, the promotion race was decided. The contract with head coach Petersen expired at the end of the season; because of his lack of a football instructor license, another engagement was refrained from. On May 14, 2014, the FCM defended the national cup. In the final, the team won 3-0 in extra time at Halleschen FC. The team also improved in the second year after the upheaval and ended the season in second place.
Jens Härtel took over the team on July 1, 2014 ; Ronny Thielemann was again assistant coach. Ascent was given as the goal. The league season began for the self-declared season favorite with only eleven points from the first ten games. After the home game defeat against TSG Neustrelitz on matchday 10, Härtel was in public criticism, but remained a coach. The FCM then started a series that ended the first half of the season in third place. In the first main round of the 2014/15 DFB Cup , the team met FC Augsburg on August 17, 2014 and defeated the Bundesliga club 1-0. In the second round they lost to Bayer 04 Leverkusen after a dramatic game on penalties. In the national cup, the team lost to Halleschen FC in the semifinals. The second half of the season was marked by a head-to-head race for the relay win with FSV Zwickau . On May 17, 2015, 1. FC Magdeburg was prematurely confirmed as champions of the Regionalliga Nordost with a 4-1 away win at Hertha BSC II on the penultimate match day . In the promotion games to the third division, the FCM prevailed against the winner of the Regionalliga Südwest Kickers Offenbach . This means that 1. FC Magdeburg played in German professional football from the 2015/16 season .
Since 2015: professional football in Magdeburg
2015 to 2018: On the wave of euphoria in the 2nd Bundesliga
With promotion to the third division, the club left amateur football behind 25 years after the fall of the Berlin Wall. In terms of sport, the team had to cope with the departure of top performer Nico Hammann , who joined SV Sandhausen . The squad was reinforced mainly with players from the regional league. The Härtel team started the season surprisingly well. The first three home games, all of them East Derbies , were won. After a strong first half of the season, the team settled in the upper half of the table. In addition, the average attendance rose to over 18,000. On December 22, 2015, the club celebrated its 50th birthday with a ceremony, to which former players and coaches, but also high-ranking state politicians, such as Prime Minister Reiner Haseloff and Mayor Lutz Trümper were invited. In January 2016, the association caused a stir with the engagement of Maik Franz as assistant to the management. It should strengthen the sports competence in the club and set up a scouting system. The FCM finished the season in fourth place. In the state cup, the final was lost against Halleschen FC 1: 2.
In the summer of 2016, eight players left the club, among them the crowd favorites Lars Fuchs , Silvio Bankert and Matthias Tischer ended their careers. Fuchs became coach of the U17s of the FCM, Tischer goalkeeping coach of the first team and Bankert second assistant coach of Jens Härtel. Seven new players were signed. On August 21, 2016, the first round match in the DFB Cup against Eintracht Frankfurt was lost after a penalty shoot-out. The first half of the season ended in second place on December 17, 2016. Apart from the sporting successes, the club made negative headlines. The sports court of the DFB has sentenced the FCM to two partial exclusions and a fine for riots at the cup game against Frankfurt. After a structural dynamics investigation in the third division match against Hansa Rostock found that there was a risk of static problems due to the rhythmic hopping of the fans, the city of Magdeburg issued a prohibition order for all stands and blocks of the MDCC arena in November 2016. This led to a heated argument between fans, the club and the city. In the end, the Magdeburg Ultras agreed to a "ban on jumping". On June 8, 2017, the Magdeburg city council decided to renovate the stadium to upgrade the fan stand and the guest block. In the future, there will be space for 30,000 spectators in the MDCC Arena . The conversion costs amount to 5.9 million euros. The FCM finished the third division season again in fourth place and won the national cup with a 1-0 win over Germania Halberstadt.
The team started the 2017/18 season with ten additions . On August 13, 2017, FCM beat Bundesliga club FC Augsburg in the first DFB Cup main round, but was eliminated in the second round against defending champions Borussia Dortmund . The league season started very badly: FCM, who had been promoted as a candidate for promotion, clearly lost 4-1 at SG Sonnenhof Großaspach . The first half of the season ended in second place. With a 2-1 win at SV Wehen Wiesbaden on April 13, 2018, FCM finally set the course for promotion; a week earlier, Karlsruher SC had already been defeated 2-0. The promotion to the 2nd Bundesliga was confirmed on matchday 35 after a 2-0 home win against Fortuna Cologne . After the last home game against Chemnitzer FC , the players Jan Glinker , Felix Schiller , Tobias Schwede , Marius Sowislo , Florian Pick , Andreas Ludwig , Julius Düker , Andre Hainault and Gerrit Müller said goodbye to the club. On May 12, 2018, the team, accompanied by almost 6000 fans, won at Sportfreunde Lotte and thus secured the championship of the 3rd division. Eintracht Braunschweig set a record of 85 points. In addition, 27 victories were achieved, the best value in the ten-year history of the 3rd division. In addition, Jens Härtel was honored as the best coach and Philip Türpitz as the best player of the third division season 2017/18. On May 21, 2018, the team defended the title in the state cup final against Lok Stendal. It was the last game in the Saxony-Anhalt State Cup for the time being, as FCM no longer has to compete in the FSA Cup after being promoted to the 2nd Bundesliga.
2018/19: The FCM in the 2nd Bundesliga
In the 2018/19 season, 1. FC Magdeburg played in the 2nd Bundesliga. In addition to Hamburger SV , the club was one of the newcomers to the league. Before the season, the players Joel Abu Hanna , Romain Brégerie , Marius Bülter , Jasmin Fejzić , Tobias Müller , Manfred Osei Kwadwo , Rico Preißinger , Mergim Berisha and Aleksandar Ignjovski were signed . After the team had only scored 9 points in the first 13 games, head coach Jens Härtel and assistant coach Ronny Thielemann were released on November 12, 2018. Two days later, Michael Oenning was introduced as the new head coach. In the winter, the players Jan Kirchhoff , Giorgi Loria , Timo Perthel and Steven Lewerenz were signed . The relegation to the 3rd division could not be prevented. Oenning's contract, which expired at the end of the season, was not extended.
From 2019: upheaval in the 3rd division
After relegation, 1. FC Magdeburg will play in the third division again in the 2019/20 season . Stefan Krämer was presented as the new coach on May 21, 2019 , from whom the club separated again when they went into the winter break as twelfth in the table. The reason for the dismissal is said to have been the lack of consistency in the first half of the season. As the successor to Krämer, Claus-Dieter Wollitz was hired , who went into the second half of the season with the existing assistant coach Silvio Bankert and his assistant coach René Renno, who was brought in from Cottbus . On June 10, 2020, Wollitz was released seven match days before the end of the season. Successor was the previous U-19 coach of the team Thomas Hoßmang .
The 1. FC Magdeburg organized its players department until 2017 in the registered club (e.V.). The general assembly is the highest decision-making body and elects the members of the supervisory board. The supervisory board appoints the executive committee. In the summer of 2017, the licensed player department from the e. V. spun off into Stadion- und Sportmarketing GmbH (SSG). Mario Kallnik is the managing director of 1. FC Magdeburg Spielbetriebs GmbH .
- Peter Fechner (President)
- Hagen Hoffmann (Vice President)
- Dirk Weber (Finance, Taxes and Articles of Association)
- Lutz Petermann, Chairman of the Supervisory Board, Managing Director FAM Magdeburg Conveyor Systems and Construction Machinery
- Matthias Niedung, owner of HackerWerkstatt / Computerhilfe Magdeburg
- Thomas Fischbeck, Member of the Board of MWG Housing Cooperative Magdeburg
- Ingolf Nitschke, managing director of the Nigari Magdeburg car dealership
- Rolf Oesterhoff, Managing Director of the Rothensee GmbH waste-to-energy plant
- Jörg Biastoch, managing partner of the Humanas Group
- Peter Lackner, Managing Director of the Magdeburg Housing Association
Shirt sponsors of 1. FC Magdeburg
During the GDR era, the heavy machine construction combine "Ernst Thälmann" (SKET) was a partner of 1. FC Magdeburg. Since the reunification , numerous sponsors have adorned the jersey of 1. FC Magdeburg. The supplier is the Uhlsport company .
|Plan-Bau JK||1998-2001||Construction company|
|Wernes green||2006-2010||Beverage manufacturer|
|Camp David||2010-2011||Fashion company|
|Ottostadt Magdeburg||2012||City Marketing|
|LITHOSCAN crossmedia||2012||Printing and direct marketing|
|from solar||2012-2014||Electrical / solar technology|
|FAM Magdeburg conveyor systems and construction machinery||2014-2018||Opencast mining, storage and handling technology|
|sunmaker||since 2018||Sports betting|
Stadium naming rights
In July 2009 the “MDCC Magdeburg-City-Com GmbH” acquired the naming rights for the “Stadion Magdeburg”.
The club's venues
The Heinrich-Germer-Stadion in Magdeburg's Sudenburg district was built in 1920 and called the “Stadion am Königsweg”. The stadium was badly damaged during World War II . From the summer of 1951 to August 1952, the stadium was renovated and reopened on August 20, 1952 with a friendly against Motor Zwickau . Until the mid-1960s, the football teams of the forerunners of 1. FC Magdeburg, BSG Stahl Magdeburg, Motor Mitte Magdeburg and SC Aufbau Magdeburg played in the Heinrich Germer Stadium. On March 22, 1955, the audience record of 22,000 spectators was set up in the league game of the second-rate GDR league Motor Mitte Magdeburg against Lok Stendal (2: 1).
In 1955, the Ernst-Grube-Stadion with a capacity of 45,000 spectators was built in the Cracau district , to which the FCM finally moved in the mid-1960s. In the following years the Ernst-Grube-Stadion was equipped with a main grandstand, floodlight masts and an electronic scoreboard. During construction work between May 1979 and May 1981, the GDR upper division played again in the "Germer Stadium". During this time the European Cup games were also held there . Guest of goods Wrexham FC , the FC Arsenal , Moss FK and Torino Calcio . After the renovation work was completed, the pit stadium remained the home of the FCM for 23 years. There the fans experienced the greatest successes, but also the difficult years after the fall of the Wall. In addition to several international matches for the GDR national soccer team , well-known teams such as FC Bayern Munich , Malmö FF , Juventus Turin , FC Schalke 04 and PSV Eindhoven were guests in the stadium . Due to the increasing need for renovation of the facility after almost 50 years of existence, the Magdeburg city council decided in 2004 to demolish the old facility and build a new modern football stadium. When the Ernst Grube Stadium was demolished, 1. FC Magdeburg played again in the Heinrich Germer Stadium between February 2005 and December 2006, which was extensively modernized for this purpose. It is used today by the soccer teams of the Magdeburg FFC and the Prussian Magdeburg as well as the American football team of the Magdeburg Virgin Guards .
On December 10, 2006, the MDCC Arena was opened by Franz Beckenbauer . The new arena has 22,750 seats and 4,500 standing places. If necessary, the standing room can be converted into 2250 seats, making the stadium suitable for international matches . The Bundesliga team won the opening game against Werder Bremen on January 23, 2007 in front of 24,053 spectators 3-0. Due to known problems with the statics since 2016, the Magdeburg city council decided on extensive renovation measures. In June 2017, the city of Magdeburg and 1. FC Magdeburg decided to expand the stadium to 30,000 seats. The number of standing places was increased to around 13,000 in the course of the renovation. In March 2018 it was announced that the costs would amount to 10.7 million euros. The renovation began in early 2019, when “Block U” moved to the south stand. At the end of September, blocks 3 and 4 were released again, so that “Block U” could return to the north stand. At the end of January 2020, Block 7 was rebuilt and the expansion to a capacity of 30,098 spaces was completed. Due to visual obstructions and security aspects, around 28,000 seats will be available at home games in the future - depending on the security classification of the respective game. In addition, there is the possibility of a sector separation of blocks 3–6 for home games with a large number of spectators or games with a higher security rating.
Successes and Records
The greatest success is the victory in the European Cup Winners' Cup in 1973/74 , the only international success of a team from the GDR.
The club won the GDR championship title in 1972, 1974 and 1975, for which it was allowed to wear a championship star on the jersey in the third division and lower in 2009 .
The club was particularly successful in cup competitions. In addition to winning the European Cup in 1974, seven wins in the FDGB Cup of the GDR (with seven finals), twelve wins in the Saxony-Anhalt Cup (with three defeats, all against Halleschen FC) and several junior cup victories , such as the DFB Cup A. - Juniors from 1999.
- International success
- National successes
- GDR champions : 1972 , 1974 , 1975
- FDGB Cup winners : 1964 , 1965 , 1969 , 1973 , 1978 , 1979 , 1983 (record cup winners, together with Dynamo Dresden )
- 3rd division champions : 2018
- Regional successes
- Champion of the Oberliga Nordost : 1997 , 2001 , 2006
- Champion of the Regionalliga Nordost : 2015
- FSA regional cup winners : 1993, 1998 , 2000 , 2001 , 2003 , 2006 , 2007 , 2009 , 2013 , 2014 , 2017 , 2018 (record cup winners)
- Success in the youth field
- GDR junior champions : 1963, 1964, 1965, 1970, 1989
- GDR youth champions : 1966, 1968, 1980
- GDR student champions : 1966, 1969, 1971, 1972, 1977, 1978, 1987 (record champions)
- Young world junior cup winners : 1970, 1984
- DFB Cup Winner of the A-Youth : 1999
- NOFV Cup Winner of the B-Youth : 2000, 2005
- Other successes
In 1974, when it was voted GDR Sportsman of the Year , FCM was voted Team of the Year. 1. FC Magdeburg provided a top scorer nine times . Four titles went to Joachim Streich in 1976/77 , 1978/79 , 1980/81 and 1982/83 . Jürgen Sparwasser was the most successful goalscorer in the GDR league in 1966/67 with 22 goals , and Arek Zarczinski was the top scorer in the Oberliga Nordost / Süd with 20 goals in the 1996/97 season . Christian Beck was the top scorer in the regional soccer league in the 2013/14 season and the 2014/15 season and in the third division in the 2016/17 season .
A player from the FCM was voted footballer of the year in the GDR three times . That was Jürgen Pommerenke 1974/75 and Joachim Streich 1978/79 and 1982/83. A goal by an FCM player was voted goal of the month three times by the viewers of the ARD-Sportschau : Petr Maslej's fallback goal in the DFB-Pokal game against Karlsruher SC on November 28, 2000, Christian Beck's heel hit during the game against Halleschen FC on November 25, 2017 as well as Christian Beck's fall-back gate against Preußen Münster on February 10, 2018.
In the all-time table of the GDR league, 1. FC Magdeburg is seventh. Of 793 games, 365 were won, 238 were lost and 190 games were drawn. The point ratio (according to the two-point rule) is 920: 666 and the goal difference is 1351: 1046.
Squad of the 2020/21 season
- Status: October 7, 2020
|No.||Nat.||Surname||birthday||in the team since||Contract until|
|1||Morten Behrens||Apr 1, 1997||2019||2021|
|12||Tom Schlitter||May 17, 2002||2019||2021|
|30th||Timon Weiner||Jan. 18, 1999||2020||2022|
|2||Dominik Ernst||Aug 8, 1990||2019||2021|
|3||Dustin Bomheuer||Apr 17, 1991||2019||2021|
|4th||Brian Koglin||Jan. 7, 1997||2019||2021|
|5||Tobias Müller||July 8, 1994||2018||2022|
|15th||Henry Rorig||March 3, 2000||2020||2023|
|21st||Nico May||March 9, 2001||2020||2023|
|24||Alexander Bittroff||19 Sep 1988||2020||2021|
|25th||Philipp Harant||Feb. 20, 1999||2010||2022|
|27||Korbinian burger||Apr 27, 1995||2020||2022|
|29||Timo Perthel||Feb 11, 1989||2019||2021|
|6th||Adrian Małachowski||March 10, 1998||2020||2022|
|8th||Sebastian Jakubiak||June 21, 1993||2020||2022|
|10||Jürgen Gjasula||Dec 5, 1985||2019||2021|
|14th||Maximilian Franzke||March 5, 1999||2020||2021|
|16||Andreas Mueller||July 20, 2000||2020||2022|
|18th||Florian Kath||Oct 21, 1994||2020||2021|
|20th||Soeren Bertram||June 5, 1991||2019||2021|
|22nd||Thore Jacobsen||Apr 19, 1997||2019||2021|
|26th||Julian Weigel||July 14, 2001||2018||2021|
|28||Raphael Obermair||Apr 1, 1996||2020||2022|
|7th||Luka Sliskovic||Apr 4, 1995||2020||2023|
|9||Kai Brünker||June 10, 1994||2020||2022|
|11||Christian Beck||March 10, 1988||2013||2021|
|13||Daniel Steininger||Apr 13, 1995||2020||2021|
|17th||Sirlord Conteh||July 9, 1996||2019||2021|
|19th||Leon Bell Bell||6 Sep 1996||2019||2022|
Squad changes for the 2020/21 season
Status: October 7, 2020
Trainers and supervisors
|Nat.||Surname||function||in the team since|
|Thomas Hoßmang||Head coach||July 2014|
|Silvio Bankert||Assistant coach||June 2017|
|Matthias Mincu||Assistant coach||July 2014|
|Matthias Tischer||Goalkeeping coach||June 2016|
|Lars Mertelmeyer||Athletic trainer||July 2020|
|Kevin Waliczek||Video analyst||June 2015|
|Oliver Poranzke||Team doctor||June 2018|
|Jan Schüttrumpf||Team doctor||June 2015|
|Stefan Wiegand||Team doctor||June 2015|
|Tino Meyer||Physiotherapist||June 2013|
|Philipp Brix||Physiotherapist||June 2019|
|Mario Kallnik||Managing Director Sport||March 2012|
|Heiko Horner||Team leader||July 2000|
Young talent center
In 1943, the title of German youth champion was brought to the Elbe by a 4-1 victory over Saxony in Prague under the name "Middle Elbe Region" . At youth A level, the Magdeburg team won five GDR championship titles, three at youth B level, and in youth C the youngsters from the FCM were the record champions in the GDR with seven titles. In 1999, the A-youth of the FCM was the first team from the new federal states to win an all-German football title by winning the DFB-Junior-Pokal .
1. FC Magdeburg trained the former Bundesliga players Maik Franz , Sebastian Hähnge , Christopher Kullmann , Marcel Maltritz and Jan Sandmann . With Marcel Schmelzer , a former junior player is currently playing in the first division (as of July 2020).
In total, over 200 players of all ages are active in the youth field at the club. The youth teams are looked after by a total of 27 coaches. The club also runs a sports boarding school, and the youth training center was completed in 2008. There are also cooperation agreements with the Magdeburg Sports High School and various sports medicine departments. The sports high school in Magdeburg and the attached sports secondary school "Hans Schellheimer" were honored in 2009 by the DFB as the " elite school of football ".
1. FC Magdeburg organizes the Matthias Pape memorial tournament every year . In addition to the host 1. FC Magdeburg and two qualifiers from the area, 15 C youth teams from Bundesliga clubs and teams from abroad will compete against each other.
Mario Winkler (organization, licensing, development) and Sören Osterland (sport) are the heads of the youth management center. The U19 is looked after by Petrik Sander (as of July 2020). The team has been playing in the A-Juniors Bundesliga North / Northeast since the 2018/19 season .
During the GDR era, the second team of the FCM mostly played in the third-class district league Magdeburg . After the turnaround, the second and third teams were initially disbanded. For the 1993/94 season, new teams were founded and point games were resumed at city level. In the following six years, the second team made three promotions and played in the Association League Saxony-Anhalt for the first time from 2000 .
After the bankruptcy of the first team in 2002, the team of the second was promoted to the "first", and the second team was withdrawn from the association league. The third team that played in the city league then became "second". In a "repetition of history", the second team made three promotions in four years from 2004 and was again represented in the association league from 2007. In the first year in the association league, the team reached second place and secured promotion to the Oberliga Nordost in two relegation games against SV Lichtenberg 47 . After a year in the league, the second team rose from bottom of the table in the association league and won the championship title in the association league the following year. The second FCM team made up for the premature elimination of the first team in the state cup in 2000 and 2007 and won the cup with final successes over VfL Halle 96 (3: 2, 2000) and Prussia Magdeburg (3: 0, 2007), so that the first team was eligible to play in the DFB Cup .
In June 2014 the club gave up the right to start the U23s for the Association League Saxony-Anhalt for financial and strategic reasons. She has since competed in the Magdeburg city league until she was promoted to the Saxony-Anhalt state class in 2017.
1. FC Magdeburg provided numerous national players in the history of the club. The record national player is Joachim Streich, who made 102 internationals for the GDR national team, followed by Martin Hoffmann with 66 internationals. The most famous national player is Anatoliy Demyanenko , who had 80 appearances in the national team of the USSR .
Wolfgang Seguin holds the record for most point games. Between 1964 and 1981 he made 403 missions for Magdeburg. From 1971 to 1979 he was in the starting line-up in 219 consecutive games. Most goals in league games scored Joachim Streich . He hit the opposing net 171 times. Jürgen Sparwasser (133) and Günter Hirschmann (113) also scored over 100 goals . The youngest player used in a competitive game was Sandy Enge . When he made his debut in August 1988, he was 17 years and 58 days old. On the other hand, Andrzej Wojcik is the oldest player, who was 36 years and 302 days old when he stepped out in February 2000.
With Marcel Schmelzer a current Bundesliga players played in youth teams for the FCM. Also Maik Franz , Marcel Maltritz , Christopher Kullmann and Marius Bülter made it into the Bundesliga. Dirk Schuster , who led Darmstadt 98 into the Bundesliga in 2015, also played for 1. FC Magdeburg as did the 1996 European champion René Schneider .
|Johannes Manthey||July 1, 1951 to June 30, 1955||Manthey was the first coach of the then second division club BSG Stahl Magdeburg, which was renamed BSG Motor Mitte shortly afterwards. In the 1954/55 season he and his team missed promotion to the GDR league and was replaced by Heinz Joerk.|
|Heinz Joerk||July 1, 1955 to August 31, 1956||In the summer of 1955, Joerk moved from Motor Dessau to BSG Motor Mitte Magdeburg. In the autumn of 1955 he reached 7th place in a second round to change the football season to the calendar year in the second-rate GDR league . When it became apparent in the following season after the 16th matchday that the desired promotion was in danger, Joerk was 0 : 4 defeat in Jena on September 23, 1956 released.|
|Johannes Manthey||September 30, 1956 to April 27, 1958||On September 30, 1956, when the team was in acute danger of relegation, Johannes Manthey returned. He brought the Magdeburg team to third place and in 1957 saw the integration of his team into SC Aufbau Magdeburg . After a bad start to the 1958 season , Manthey was released on April 27, 1958 after the 8th match day.|
|Fritz Wittenbecher||June 1, 1958 to June 30, 1962||During the 1958 season, Fritz Wittenbecher took over the coaching position. He led the team in 1959 for promotion to the GDR league . When he did not get beyond midfield in the following two seasons, he was replaced at the end of the 1961/62 season .|
|Ernst Caraway||July 1, 1962 to December 31, 1965||Kümmel won the FDGB Cup in 1964 and 1965 and led the club into its first European Cup games. 1. FC Magdeburg was founded in 1965. When the team was in acute danger of relegation in 1966 , he was released.|
|Günter Weitkuhn||January 1, 1966 to June 30, 1966||Günter Weitkuhn should lead the team to relegation. He couldn't prevent the descent. His successor was Heinz Krügel.|
|Heinz Krügel||July 1, 1966 to June 30, 1976||Krügel was promoted to the GDR league with 1. FC Magdeburg in the first year. As a climber, the Magdeburg team immediately took third place and won the FDGB Cup in 1969 . In 1972 the FCM won its first football championship. Two more titles followed in 1974 and 1975 under the direction of Heinz Krügel . In 1973 the club won the FDGB Cup for the second time. All national successes were outshone by winning the European Cup Winners' Cup . On May 8, 1974, 1. FC Magdeburg won 2-0 in Rotterdam against AC Milan . Seven players became national players under Krügel's leadership, including Martin Hoffmann , Jürgen Pommerenke and Jürgen Sparwasser . In 1976 Krügel was banned from the GDR Football Association as a coach for life on the grounds that he had insufficiently promoted the performance development of the players in the GDR Olympic team of 1. FC Magdeburg. In 1996 he was rehabilitated by the DFB. To this day he is the most successful coach in the club's history and enjoys cult status with fans.|
|Klaus Urbanczyk||July 1, 1976 to April 10, 1982||In July 1976 Klaus Urbanczyk took over the coaching position from Heinz Krügel. With him, the club reached the runner-up in 1977 and 1978. In 1978 he led the team to the quarter-finals of the European Cup . In 1978 and 1979 he led the FCM to two more cup wins. When there were no further successes and the Magdeburg team in the 1981/82 season was in danger of losing a place for participation in the European Cup, Urbanczyk was dismissed from the club.|
|Claus Kreul||April 11, 1982 to June 30, 1985||Claus Kreul could not bring the FCM back into the top group. The Magdeburg team was not represented in the European Cup for the first time in ten years. The 1982/83 season was no better for the club, as in the previous year only sixth place was achieved. In the FDGB Cup, Kreul led 1. FC Magdeburg to their seventh cup win. After two more seasons, Kreul's activity in Magdeburg ended after the 1984/85 season.|
|Joachim Streich||July 1, 1985 to June 30, 1990||Since 1. FC Magdeburg had achieved disappointing results in the East German league in the mid-1980s, the club management urged Streich to take over the coaching post immediately after the end of his active career. Rather reluctantly, Streich became head coach at the beginning of the 1985/1986 season immediately after his retirement as an active player. He carried out this activity until the end of the 1989/1990 season , but could not continue the successful times of earlier years. Under his leadership, the FCM achieved seventh place in 1988, the worst result in 18 years.|
|Siegmund Mewes||July 1, 1990 to June 30, 1991||Under the leadership of Siegmund Mewes, the FCM missed the leap into the 2nd Bundesliga after the fall of the Wall and was relegated to the third-class Oberliga Nordost. Mewes was dismissed as a coach before the end of the 1990/91 season.|
|Joachim Streich||July 1, 1991 to March 22, 1992||In August 1991 Joachim Streich took over the coaching position at 1. FC Magdeburg. When it became clear that the FCM would not reach the 2nd Bundesliga again, he was released early on March 22, 1992.|
|Wolfgang Grobe||March 28, 1992 to October 31, 1992||No sporting successes could be achieved under the direction of Wolfgang Grobe. The team stagnated on average. In October 1992 he was given leave of absence.|
|Jürgen Pommerenke||November 15, 1992 to November 20, 1993||In 1992 and 1993 he looked after Magdeburg's amateur league team. In 1993, the Saxony-Anhalt Cup was won for the first time.|
|Frank Engel||December 3, 1993 to June 30, 1994||Supervised the team only 21 games. And left the club in the summer of 1994.|
|Martin Hoffmann||July 1, 1994 to March 4, 1996||Between 1988 and 1993 he worked as a junior and assistant coach at 1. FC Magdeburg. From August 1994 to February 1996 he was the head coach of Magdeburg.|
|Hans-Dieter Schmidt||July 1, 1996 to November 15, 1999||In 1996 he took over the managerial position. In September 1996 he was also a coach and rose with the team in the regional league. In addition, the national cup was won for the second time in 1998. After a weak start to the season, Schmidt was released in November 1999.|
|Jürgen Görlitz||November 15, 1999 to June 30, 2000||After separating from Hans-Dieter Schmidt, looked after the team as an interim coach. The FCM missed the qualification for the new two-track regional league under his leadership.|
|Eberhard Vogel||July 1, 2000 to October 30, 2001||Tenth place in the third year of membership in the regional league meant that Magdeburg was back in fourth class from 2000 onwards. In the 2000/01 DFB Cup , Vogel and his team caused a sensation when they successively won against 1. FC Köln , FC Bayern Munich and Karlsruher SC and only narrowly failed 1-0 in the quarter-finals against eventual winners FC Schalke 04 . During this season the FCM scored 120 goals in the Oberliga Nordost-Süd. At the end of the season, the team managed to return to the regional league in the relegation games against the winner of the Oberliga Nordost-Nord, BFC Dynamo . When relegation was in danger the following season, the club separated from Vogel.|
|Joachim Steffens||November 4, 2001 to June 30, 2002||In the 2001/02 season, the FCM managed to stay up in the regional league under the leadership of Vogel's successor Joachim Steffens, with the highest home and away win of the entire regional league season on the last two game days. In the summer of 2002 the club went bankrupt and Steffens left the club.|
|Martin Hoffmann||July 1, 2002 to April 17, 2003||Martin Hoffmann looked after the first team after the bankruptcy and the forced relegation to the league. After a series of ten games without a win, he was released as the head coach of the first team.|
|Dirk Heyne||April 18, 2003 to December 9, 2007||As the successor to Martin Hoffmann, Heyne took over the 1st team in April 2003. His greatest successes with FCM were the Regionalliga promotion in the 2005/06 season and third place in the 2006/07 season , in which the club missed the march into the second Bundesliga at the last second. On December 9, 2007 Heyne was dismissed from the presidium due to the unsatisfactory first half of the season in the 2007/08 regional league .|
|Paul Linz||December 11, 2007 to March 31, 2009||As the successor to Dirk Heyne, Linz missed qualifying for the third division . In the following season, Linz was released early because the planned promotion was missed.|
|Steffen Baumgart||April 1, 2009 to March 23, 2010||Won the national cup in 2009. In the league he was supposed to lead 1. FC Magdeburg to promotion, but was given early leave due to lack of success.|
|Carsten Muller||March 24, 2010 to June 30, 2010||The head of the youth training center took over as interim trainer for eleven games.|
|Ruud Kaiser||July 1, 2010 to March 16, 2011||The first foreign coach in the club's history was dismissed by the executive committee in March 2011 after a sporting downturn and acute risk of relegation. He couldn't live up to expectations.|
|Wolfgang Sandhowe||March 17, 2011 to October 25, 2011||Sandhowe took over the first team in March 2011 and saved the FCM from relegation to the league. In October 2011 he was given a leave of absence after no upward trend could be seen in the regional league.|
|Ronny Thielemann||October 26, 2011 to March 19, 2012||Was initially the assistant coach of Sandhowe and took over the team as head coach in October 2011. He could not stop the downward trend and became assistant coach again in March 2012. In the summer of 2012 he moved to the club's junior performance center and took over the A-Juniors. In 2014 he became the assistant coach of Jens Härtel and thus played a decisive role in the upswing of 1. FC Magdeburg. In November 2018 he left the club together with Härtel.|
|Detlef Ullrich||March 20, 2011 to May 3, 2012||Sports director in the 2011/12 season , put together the squad and took over as head coach for seven games from March 2012. In May 2012, he was fired as a coach and sports director. Carsten Müller took over the team until the end of the season.|
|Andreas Petersen||July 1, 2012 to June 30, 2014||Petersen moved from Germania Halberstadt to 1. FC Magdeburg. He led the team in the 2012/13 season in 6th place and in 2013/14 in 2nd place. In addition, the State Cup Saxony-Anhalt was won in his time in 2013 and 2014. Petersen did not receive a new contract because of the lack of a football instructor license. Jens Härtel was his successor.|
|Jens Härtel||July 1, 2014 to November 12, 2018||With Jens Härtel a new era began at 1. FC Magdeburg. In the 2014/15 season , he led the team to the regional league championship together with his assistant coach Ronny Thielemann. In the following promotion games to the third division , the club prevailed against Kickers Offenbach . Thus, 25 years after the German reunification, the FCMb made the leap into all-German professional football. In 2016 and 2017 , the team reached fourth place and in 2018 rose to the 2nd Bundesliga as champions of the 3rd division. On November 12, 2018, he was released from the club after the start of the 2nd Bundesliga failed.|
|Michael Oenning||November 14, 2018 to May 19, 2019||Oenning took over the team on a direct relegation place and could not prevent relegation. The association then initiated a change. His contract was not renewed.|
|Stefan Krämer||June 17, 2019 to December 22, 2019||For the 2019/20 season , Stefan Krämer was presented as the new head coach. After the team was only in twelfth place in the table after 20 games at the winter break and the club management saw the medium-term targeted promotion endangered, the separation from Krämer was carried out surprisingly and to the incomprehension of many fans.|
|Claus-Dieter Wollitz||December 23, 2019 to June 10, 2020||After the surprising release of Stefan Krämer, the sporting management presented the former coach of FC Energie Cottbus Claus-Dieter Wollitz as the new head coach in December 2019 . The leadership announced a "new era". Wollitz should lead the club back to the 2nd Bundesliga "as soon as possible". After just ten points from eleven games and a bad performance by the team after the Corona break , the relegation-threatened FCM parted ways with Wollitz, assistant coach René Renno and sports director Maik Franz on June 10, 2020 .|
The fan scene
The 1. FC Magdeburg fan scene is one of the largest in the new federal states. The average attendance has fluctuated significantly over the past 50 years due to sporting developments. Nevertheless, apart from the years after the fall of the Berlin Wall , the club could mostly rely on a large number of spectators. After the promotion to the third division, the audience interest increased again significantly. Most of the away games have between 1000 and 3000 fans supporting the team. On May 12, 2018, the fans set a new third division record: 6000 fans accompanied the team to the away game in Lotte. The record of away drivers comes from the GDR era and was set up at the 1983 FDGB Cup final in East Berlin against FC Karl-Marx-Stadt . At that time, 25,000 fans accompanied the club to the World Youth Stadium .
The Ultras have chosen the north stand (also known as “Block U”) as their location in order to support the team loudly and visually with choreographies. The leading fan group is the "Blue Generation". The active fan scene advocates the legal burning of pyrotechnics .
During the GDR era, the fans of 1. FC Magdeburg were not on friendly terms with the supporters of the opposing teams. There was a general aversion to all other teams. This has continued into the present. Games against former GDR upper division clubs are characterized by mutual hostility.
Violent football fans of BFC Dynamo regularly attend matches of 1. FC Magdeburg in the MDCC-Arena. They often stand on the east stand. The Ultras have a friendly relationship with the Berliners.
There is an intense friendship with the fan scene of the Polish club Hutnik Kraków .
There is a rivalry with the fans of Hallescher FC , which is due to the fight for supremacy in Saxony-Anhalt . This development is due to German reunification. Before the fall of the Wall, Halle and Magdeburg were equal district capitals. Both cities in the state of Saxony-Anhalt have been united since 1991. The fact that Magdeburg bears the title of state capital is difficult for the people of Halle to accept. Both cities were increasingly in competition. The derby and above all the rivalry between the two fan camps has only developed over the years. While an encounter between Halle and Magdeburg is one of the highlights of the season for fans and players today, the state cup matches between the two clubs in 1993 and 1994 took place in front of 1,100 and 300 spectators respectively. Only in the late 1990s did the rivalry gradually break out. In 2000, the two teams met again in a league game for the first time in over six years. From this time on there was a steadily growing rivalry between the supporters of both fan camps. With the establishment of the two predominant fan scenes , the Blue Generation on the one hand and the Saalefront on the other, the derby character was underpinned by complex and spectacular choreographies.
“The really big explosiveness is out. It was of course something special when we got promoted. To have the derbies in the league games and not just in the national cup. But a few things have happened in the recent past that have pushed the derby into the background. "
The "Saxony-Anhalt Derby" was overshadowed by a tragic event in autumn 2016. After the death of an FCM fan, Magdeburg supporters boycotted the games in Halle. It has never been clarified whether the people of Halle are to blame for the young man's fatal fall from a regional train. Investigators found no evidence of this. The Magdeburg residents are nevertheless convinced of Halle's guilt and demand a full explanation.
Probably the biggest rivalry is with the supporters of SG Dynamo Dresden . It goes back to the 1970s, when both teams regularly played against each other for the championship title. The game between 1. FC Magdeburg and Dynamo Dresden is referred to as Elb-Clásico based on the El Clásico in East German football .
In the 2015/16 season , the hostility to the supporters of FC Hansa Rostock was revived. 25 years after the fall of the Wall, both clubs played in a league for the first time. The first leg on September 23, 2015 in Rostock (1: 1) was overshadowed by serious riots by both fan camps and a minute-long game interruption. In the run-up to the second leg on March 5, 2016 in Magdeburg (4: 1), there were several demonstrations against “card arbitrariness”, as 1. FC Magdeburg only wanted to provide FC Hansa Rostock with 700 personalized tickets.
The rivalry between Lok Stendal and Fortuna Magdeburg , which was also pronounced in the 1990s, has not been felt for a long time. The two clubs located in the vicinity were treated with disdain by the FCM supporters due to their sporting past. However, since the sporting situation has since diverged, the relationship has become more objective.
Fan clubs and organizations
Within the 1. FC Magdeburg fan scene, the first fan clubs were formed at the end of the seventies and already appeared with self-made sashes and their own flags. The most famous fan clubs in GDR times were the Domspatzen and the Ankerfront. Currently (as of May 2019) 100 fan clubs are officially registered.
After the bankruptcy in 2002, the “Fanrat Magdeburg e. V. “The fans wanted to have more influence on the club's work in order to avoid another bankruptcy in the future and to represent the interests of the fans. The fan council supports the club financially and organizationally. Advertising partners are recruited for the program, youth teams are looked after on match days, jerseys are organized and various donation and collection campaigns for the club and other charitable purposes are supported. In addition, the Fan Council donated the Heinz Krügel memorial, which has stood in front of the stadium since August 2014.
The “Fanprojekt Magdeburg e. V. “was founded in 1990 as the first fan project in East Germany. Due to a lack of public funds, the official fan project work was stopped in the late 1990s. The new “Fan Project Magdeburg” was founded in 2008 and is financially supported by the “Paritätischer Wohlfahrtsverband Sachsen-Anhalt”. The most important task is to look after young people and fans.
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- Bild.de: The Pyro Shame of Rostock
- 1.FC Magdeburg.de: The fan clubs of 1. FC Magdeburg
|information||Coach • player|
|Stages||MDCC Arena • Ernst Grube Stadium • Heinrich Germer Stadium|
|Seasons||2017/18 • 2018/19|