A soccer club , soccer club , or soccer club is a sports association that sets up club teams for soccer . The principles for sports clubs also apply to football clubs: non-profit status , sporting fairness and the recognition of the rules of sport . In professional football , however, clubs often no longer play, but corporations , i. H. the football departments of the respective sports clubs that are outsourced to corporations.
The name of a football club is mostly made up of an abbreviation (e.g. FC ), a relic of the name (e.g. Fortuna ) and the place name or the name of the district in which the club is located. In reporting, it is also common for a city name to be used as a synonym for the football club (e.g. Stuttgart for VfB Stuttgart or Hamburg for Hamburger SV ).
Football clubs are usually organized in associations and compete in sports competitions for different age groups in leagues and cup series.
Football clubs in the GDR
In the GDR , the term football club referred to the centers of competitive football from the mid-1960s. From the end of the 1940s, popular football sport took place in company sports associations supported by sponsoring companies or in sports associations supported by state organizations such as the NVA or the People's Police . In contrast, football teams without sponsors only existed in the early days. As one of the last carrierless sports associations, the SG Lichtenberg 47 merged in 1969 with the East Berlin company sports association of the Elektroprojekt und Anlagenbau (EAB) to form the BSG EAB Lichtenberg 47. Clubs were not permitted in GDR sports.
- Uwe Wilkesmann, Doris Blutner, Claudia Meister: The football club between e. V. and corporation. (PDF; 213 kB) (No longer available online.) In: Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie, Vol. 54, Issue 4, 2002, pp. 753–774. Archived from the original on January 31, 2012 ; Retrieved January 11, 2012 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.