Football club name
Most football club names have three parts:
- an abbreviation (e.g. FC )
- a name relic (e.g. Fortuna )
- the place name (e.g. Berlin )
The relic of the name is also missing in many club names.
A pure football club has abbreviations such as B. FC for soccer club or FV for soccer club. If the respective club represents the just founded city or claims to be one, a 1. is often placed in front of it (well-known examples are 1. FC Kaiserslautern , 1. FC Köln or 1. FC Nürnberg ). Sports clubs , on the other hand, usually have names such as SV (sports club), SC (sports club), TSV (gymnastics and sports club) or Vf ... (club for ...).
See also: List of sports club abbreviations
But there are also exceptions, for example: Rangers FC, Celtic FC or Juventus FC. It should be noted here that the additional indication of the place or the city (or the district) - in the cases mentioned: Glasgow Rangers , Celtic Glasgow or Juventus Turin - has become established in German usage.
Most German football clubs still have names from the 19th century.
Frequently used name relics
Alemannia, Germania etc.
Germania or Teutonia are Latin terms for "Germany". Often Prussians or nationally minded academics founded the association here. In other parts of Germany, too, local ties were expressed through club names, some of which were translated into Latin, such as Alemannia , Bavaria or Bayern, Hassia or Hessen, Frisia , Westfalia , Borussia (see below). Germania is one of the oldest and most common name relics. In Germany there are 218 clubs called Germania, 44 clubs called Teutonia and around 40 clubs called Alemannia (Allemannia, Alemania).
A particularly common example of a regional term in the club name. The word Borussia comes from Latin and means Prussia . Often these names indicate that the clubs were founded by Prussian soldiers or police officers. At Borussia Dortmund, however, this is due to the name of a brewery (Borussia beer), cf. also Borussia Dortmund . In the DFB there are around 60 clubs with the name “Borussia” and 38 clubs with the name Prussia.
Eintracht, Concordia, Union
Unity (Latin Concordia ) means something like cohesion. It is probably the most common German name relic with around 313 clubs ( Concordia: 52). The term union (from the Latin unio unit, union)has a similar meaning.
Well-known sponsors: in Germany Eintracht Frankfurt , Eintracht Braunschweig , Eintracht Trier , 1. FC Union Berlin , and in Switzerland FC Concordia Basel ; also: Manchester United and Newcastle United
Fortuna is the Roman goddess of luck. In Germany there are around 132 clubs called Fortuna.
Victoria or Victoria
The name Victoria also comes from Roman mythology and was considered to be the embodiment of victory. The challenge cup, also known as Victoria , for the German soccer champions between 1903 and 1944 may have contributed to the spread of this name. However, the name of the goddess of victory was very popular as a club name as early as the 19th century.
More name relics of this kind
- Kickers (e.g. Kickers Offenbach , Stuttgarter Kickers , Würzburger Kickers ; approx. 65 clubs)
- Werder (e.g. Werder Bremen ; 4 clubs), named after a river island
- Hertha (e.g. Hertha BSC ; approx. 20 clubs)
- Arminia (e.g. Arminia Bielefeld ; approx. 31 clubs), after Arminius the Cheruscan prince
- Amicitia (e.g. TSV Amicitia Viernheim )
- Olympia (e.g. Olympia Bocholt , abroad: Olympique Lyon , Olympiacos Piraeus ), but not TSR Olympia Wilhelmshaven, named after the Olympia (office machines)
- Wacker (e.g. FC Wacker Innsbruck , FC Admira Wacker Mödling , FC Wacker Munich , but not SV Wacker Burghausen named after Wacker Chemie )
- Rapid (e) (e.g. SK Rapid Vienna ), Rapide Wedding , Rapid Bucharest
- Forward , a struggle slogan of the labor movement (e.g. SK Vorwärts Steyr )
- Dynamo / Dinamo (e.g. Dynamo Dresden , BFC Dynamo abroad: FK Dynamo Moscow , Dynamo Kiev ); Name of former member clubs of the former sports association of the security organs of the USSR of the same name or the sports associations founded on its model (e.g. Dynamo sports association in the GDR), specialty here: Houston Dynamo , which is not in this tradition
GDR sports communities and sports clubs
The GDR football sport was usually organized in sections of company sports associations and sports clubs , from 1965 also in pure football clubs. These were subordinate to central sports associations , each of which existed for a trade union area. Each sports association had its own name, which was transferred to the respective company sports associations and sports clubs. From the 1960s onwards, company sports associations from different sports associations came together, which then usually appeared as TSG (e.g. TSG Neustrelitz ). From 1980 company sports associations also took on the name of their sponsoring company (e.g. BSG Sachsenring Zwickau ). The army and police had their own sports associations called " Vorwärts " and " Dynamo ". Only in a few cases did sports communities not join the BSG system and give themselves independent names (e.g. SG Jänschwalde ).
Company sports clubs
The company sports clubs and works clubs, which already existed in the early days of football and some of which still bear the name of the respective company today, can be regarded as forerunners of the sponsoring companies in the GDR. Such associations are often co-financed by these companies to this day - but other sponsors are often the main donors.
In particular, it is easy to confuse company sports clubs with those clubs that bear the name of a sponsor . These clubs already existed before under different names and only later released them for purchase. In Austria this has been common practice for decades. Not infrequently, a name sale led to conflicts with the tradition-conscious supporters of the clubs.
- in Germany: SV Chio Waldhof (potato chips), Gummi Mayer Landau (car tires), SV Röchling Völklingen (formerly steel, see Völklinger Hütte , today plastics); The RB Leipzig club set up by Red Bull is not allowed to use Red Bull as part of the name due to the statutes of the German Football Association , which prohibit naming for advertising purposes . Therefore, a name was chosen that allows the same abbreviation as the advertising product.
- in Austria: FC Red Bull Salzburg (drinks), SK Puntigamer Sturm Graz (brewery), SK Rapid Wienerberger (building materials, only 1976/77 season),
- in Greece: Skoda Xanthi (car)
- in Moldova: Sheriff Tiraspol (conglomerate)
Many associations bear the name of their federal state or comparable (former) administrative units or regions. Such associations can be found e.g. B. often in the respective capital .
Abroad, for example:
Some clubs have the club colors as a name relic. The most common name of this type is "blue-white" with about 124 clubs. "Red-White" and "Green-White" both have around 85 clubs. There are about 41 clubs called “Black-White”, about 16 “Blue-Yellow” and about 12 “Black-Yellow”.
The addition of the year of foundation in the club name should often demonstrate the long existence. Most of the founding years from the early days of football are immortalized in the club name. But also newer clubs do this, such as B. the FC Gütersloh 2000 , re-establishment of the traditional club from 1978.
English name relics
Some clubs, such as those founded by the English in the early stages of football, have English name relics.
- Switzerland: Grasshopper Club Zurich , BSC Young Boys
- Netherlands: Go Ahead Eagles from Deventer
- Spain: Athletic Bilbao
- Argentina: Racing Club Avellaneda (named after a non-associated motorsport magazine)
- Austria: First Vienna Football Club 1894
Some clubs have terms in the club name that are also shown in the coat of arms. This includes, for example, the Japanese-Italian word "Sanfrecce". “San” for three and “Frecce” for arrow, so “three arrow”. The Japanese first division club Sanfrecce Hiroshima bears this name .
Associations that were originally founded by migrants and ethnic minorities usually have names in the respective language of origin. Even if these clubs now often include members of other nationalities, these names express the special bond with an ethnic group.