|Surname||Ballspielverein Borussia 09
e. V. Dortmund
|Seat||Dortmund , North Rhine-Westphalia|
|founding||December 19, 1909|
|Members||154,000 (February 1, 2021)|
GmbH & Co. KGaA
|Limited partners||69.86%: Free float
9.83%: Evonik Industries
9.35%: Bernd Geske
5.53%: Borussia Dortmund e. V.
5.43%: Signal Iduna
|General partner GmbH||Borussia Dortmund
→ 100%: Borussia Dortmund e. V.
(general partner GmbH)
Hans-Joachim Watzke (Chairman)
(Sports, Communication, Human Resources)
(Organization, Finances & Facilities)
(Sales & Marketing, Digitization)
|Head coach||Edin Terzić|
|Venue||Signal Iduna Park|
The Ballspielverein Borussia 09 e. V. Dortmund ( Borussia Dortmund , BVB or BVB 09 for short ) is a club from Dortmund . Borussia is the neo-Latin name for Prussia . His soccer division takes "the outstanding position within the club as the main sport". Borussia Dortmund is one of the most successful clubs in Germany in men's football ; In addition to eight German championships and five DFB Cup victories , BVB won the European Cup Winners ' Cup in 1966 (and thus the first German club ever to win a European Cup) and in 1997 the Champions League and the World Cup in the same year . The first men's team plays in the Bundesliga and is second in the all-time table .
Although Borussia Dortmund was originally founded as a football club , the club also has a handball and table tennis department , the first teams of which also play at a higher level, as well as a fan and support department that represents the interests of the club's supporters. With 154,000 members (as of February 1, 2021), Borussia Dortmund is the fifth largest German sports club and the seventh largest in the world . Since November 1999, Borussia's licensed players department, the second team and the A-youth have been outsourced to the listed Borussia Dortmund GmbH & Co. Kommanditgesellschaft auf Aktien , which has been listed in the SDAX since June 23, 2014 .
1909 to 1911 - The foundation of the association
In November 1901, the Catholic youth modality "Dreifaltigkeit" was founded as a youth organization of the community of the same name in Flurstrasse in the north-east of Dortmund . The community had emerged shortly before in the course of the immigration of Polish workers and served to integrate the newcomers into the Protestant Dortmund. The members of the sodality were for the most part young steel workers and miners who not only took part in church life, but also took part in sports, initially in gymnastics and athletics. Football has been regularly played in the fields and meadows around Borsigplatz since 1906 at the latest . In the same year chaplain Hubert Dewald became chairman of the youth modality and vigorously opposed both the “raw” and “wild goings-on” on the football field and against the cultural environment surrounding sport. Among other things, he scheduled an additional prayer on Sunday afternoons to prevent football games and asked the footballers to stop holding their meetings in the “Zum Wildschütz” inn at Oesterholzstrasse 60, but to use the Pius parish hall for this purpose.
The smoldering conflicts between the management of sodality and the young athletes finally culminated in the founding of Borussia. On December 19, 1909, the fourth Sunday in Advent, around 50 members of the sodality met in an adjoining room of the Wildschütz to discuss the establishment of an association independent of the Church. During the meeting there was heated debate about the separation from the congregation, a number of the participants left the meeting after about an hour and informed Chaplain Dewald about the impending establishment of the association. He arrived in front of the restaurant a little later to break up the meeting, but was refused entry. The 18 remaining people - Franz and Paul Braun, Heinrich Cleve, Hans Debest, Paul Dziendzielle, Franz , Julius and Wilhelm Jacobi, Hans Kahn, Gustav Müller, Franz Risse, Fritz Schulte, Hans Siebold, August Tönnesmann, Heinrich and Robert Unger, Fritz Weber and Franz Wendt - founded the association on the same evening.
Since the foundation was spontaneous and unprepared, there were no suggestions for a name before the start of the meeting. According to an anecdote, the addition “Borussia” was chosen because there was a billboard for the Borussia brewery on the wall of the Wildschütz , which was located not far from Borsigplatz. The choice of name is therefore probably not to be understood as a conscious expression of national pride, even if “ Borussia ” is the Latinized name for Prussia .
After Kaplan Dewald accused the members of Borussia at Mass on Christmas Eve of the division of the Trinity Congregation and excluded them from the sodality, some of the founding members left the association, Borussia remained in existence. The first chairman was Heinrich Unger, who resigned from this office in mid-1910. After a six-week interlude from Franz Risse , he was followed by Franz Jacobi , who headed the association until 1923.
Although the main reason for founding the club was the lack of permission from the chaplain to practice soccer, Borussia initially had not only a soccer department, but also an athletics department . This was accepted on June 19, 1910 in the West German Game Association (WSV), on December 3, it was followed by the football department. The inclusion of the athletics department in the association was assigned the function of a "Trojan horse", as at that time, due to the large number of football clubs being founded, the WSV regularly imposed admission bans. According to Jacobi, the management of the young club had received the tip for this approach from Walter Sanß , the then writing and later managing director of the DFB , who headed the more successful local rivals Dortmund FC 95 in the early years of football in Dortmund .
The first regular game took place on January 15, 1911 against VfB Dortmund and was won 9: 3. The official playing attire at that time consisted of a blue and white striped shirt with a red sash and black trousers. Borussia played their first championship game on September 10, 1911 in Rauxel against the game department of the Turnerbund Rauxel and they also won it, this time 1-0.
History of the football department
1911 to 1936 - The early years of the club
|1919/20||2.||A class, Ruhr-Emscher district|
|1920/21||1.*||A-class, Hellweg district|
|1921/22||9.||1st district league Dortmund-Bochum|
|1922/23||1.||1st district league Dortmund-Herne|
|1923/24||13th||1st district league Dortmund-Herne|
|1924/25||1.||1st district league Dortmund-Herne|
|1925/26||2.||2nd district class, Märkischer Kreis|
|1926/27||8th.||1. Ruhr district class, Dortmund-Gelsenkirchen|
|1927/28||2.||2nd district class Dortmund, Hellweg district|
|1928/29||6th||2nd district class Dortmund, Hellweg district|
|1929/30||4th||2nd district class Dortmund, Hellweg district|
|1930/31||7th||1st district class Dortmund, Ruhr district|
|1931/32||1.||1st district class Dortmund, Ruhr district|
|1932/33||2.||1st district class Dortmund, Ruhr district|
|1933/34||6th||District class group 1, industrial district 1|
|1934/35||2.||District class Dortmund|
|1935/36||1.||District class Dortmund|
* Second in the final round of the district championship highlighted in
yellow: playing time in the first class
The club started in the 1911/12 season in the C-class, the third and lowest division. There the team took first place at the end of the season and was promoted to the B-Class. Since the suspension of the West German Gaming Association continued to apply, the three Dortmund clubs Rhenania , Britannia and Deutsche Flagge joined Borussia in the summer of 1912 . At the same time, with the approval of the WSV on February 14, 1913, BVB took over the club colors and the lemon-yellow shirt with the black "B" as Borussia's playing attire. The second season ended with third place, in the following season 1913/14 Borussia Dortmund rose for the first time in the club's history in the then top division, the A-class. Since there was no uniform league system on the Westphalian level and only a few clubs belonged to the catchment area of the A-class, at this point in time it was not possible to speak of a national significance for Borussia.
Since the 1914/15 season had to be canceled due to the First World War , Borussia was initially unable to continue its rapid ascent. However, there were friendly matches in favor of the Red Cross . Nine of the 18 club founders did not experience BVB's tenth anniversary because they died in the war.
When the game was resumed in the 1917/18 season, Borussia was not yet represented due to the turmoil of the war, and in the 1918/19 season the club played in the A-class again. Borussia Dortmund was only entered in the register of associations on May 24, 1919 , at the same time the first statute and game rules were drawn up. The reason for the inclusion in the association register on May 24th was in particular the planned expansion of the White Meadow , Borussia's first venue, for which the association needed legal certainty. Despite third place in the final table of the A-class, Borussia was only second-rate from the 1919/20 season on, as the district class was introduced as a new league in the WSV. This included the best teams from the eight districts of Bergisch-Mark, Lower Rhine, Rhine, Middle Rhine, Ruhr, South Westphalia, Hesse-Hanover and Westphalia.
In the following season 1920/21, BVB narrowly missed promotion to the district class again, in the deciding game for second place, BVB lost to local rivals SV 08 . In the following seasons nothing changed in the second division of Borussia, the club always belonged to the newly created 1st district league, but consistently missed promotion. The change at the top of the club when Franz Jacobi resigned as chairman in 1923 and was replaced by Heinz Schwaben was more significant for further development . He was director of the Union brewery and had the necessary financial resources to make the expansion of the White Meadow into the “Borussia sports field”, a stadium for 10,000 visitors, possible.
In 1926 BVB won the runner-up in the 2nd district class and rose again to the top division, the Ruhr district class Dortmund-Gelsenkirchen. Despite the commitment of new players from other Dortmund teams - including violations of the amateur regulations in force at the time, which only became known later - the 1926/27 season turned out to be a failure for Borussia, because the play-off against SV Langendreer 04 , who was tied on points , was won with 1 : 3 lost after extra time, so that the club had to go back to the second division. As a result, the association found itself in a threatening economic situation, which was later mitigated by a donation from the private wealth of Swabia. The 1927/28 season ended in the 2nd district class with a second place behind Sportfreunde Dortmund, which was not enough for promotion. In the summer of 1929, the league system was supplemented by a further division, the special class. Borussia Dortmund could neither qualify for this nor for the 1st district class in the 1928/29 season, so that BVB was third class in 1929/30. However, this year succeeded as fourth in the promotion to the 1st district class, which Borussia belonged to the 1935/36 season without interruption.
In terms of sport, this time was shaped by August Lenz , who was the first Borussia to wear the national jersey in a game against Belgium in 1935 . Lenz joined the Black-Yellows as a youth player during the 1927/28 season and developed early on to become the most important player on his team. In 1933 Borussia Dortmund was defeated in the decider for the group championship in the district class to local rivals Arminia Marten with 1: 2 after extra time; even with a win, the club would not have been able to rise, as the same summer with the introduction of the Gauligen a reorganization of the league system went hand in hand. In 1935/36 BVB succeeded in returning to the top class.
At BVB, the beginning of the National Socialists' rule made itself felt in the early 1930s . In 1934 the locksmith August Busse became president of the association, who held this office from 1928 to 1933. Egon Pentrup , who had taken over the office of Busse in 1933, as a Catholic and politically neutral was not suitable for the office of "club leader", which had to be established according to the leader principle .
1936 to 1945 - First successes in the Gauliga
* The season had to be terminated prematurely due to the unusually
hard onset of winter and the lack of
players capable of being used on the field
At the same time as the club's greatest success to date with its promotion to the Gauliga, Borussia had to say goodbye to the club's grounds in the northeast of the city . For the construction of the Hoeschpark by the Reich Labor Service , the Weißes Wiese stadium and the associated club grounds were expropriated by the city without compensation. As a result, the club had to move to the Rote Erde arena in the bourgeois south of Dortmund in 1937 .
In terms of sport, BVB had set the course for the professionalization of the club two years earlier: For the 1935/36 season, the former Schalke center forward Fritz Thelen , a brother-in-law of Ernst Kuzorra , was the first to sign a responsible coach. Since Thelen was not immediately available, Kuzorra temporarily led the training for a few weeks and was Borussia's first coach. Thelen made it to the top class in his first season. He was replaced for the 1936/37 season by Ferdl Swatosch from Vienna , who led BVB in fourth place in the final table in the first year of his membership in the Gauliga. At the same time the team reached the quarter-finals in the Tschammer-Pokal , the forerunner of the DFB-Pokal , and lost to Waldhof Mannheim 3: 4.
In the following seasons, BVB established itself in the Gauliga and won several times the runner-up behind the "subscription champion" from Gelsenkirchen . First, in 1938 under coach Willy Sevzik , the club finished second in the final accounts, eight points behind Schalke 04, and third place was achieved a year later. In the 1939/40 season, Borussia was ninth and escaped relegation only because the league was increased to twelve teams. This was followed by another runner-up in 1942 and a third (1944), fourth (1941) and sixth place (1943) until the end of the war. Furthermore, the A-youth of BVB won the Westphalia Championship and the West German Championship in 1939.
Borussia's successes during this period were overshadowed by the Second World War and the dictatorship of National Socialism . Even if the leadership of the association around President August Busse was close to the National Socialists, the association remained deeply rooted in the milieu of Dortmund's northern city, which was a stronghold of the anti-fascists . Until the late war years, National Socialists, Communists, Social Democrats and commoners worked together for the benefit of the association. The most prominent representative of the NSDAP in the ranks of the BVB was Willi Röhr, who as a member of the SA had good contacts with the party leadership and was able, for example, to detach important players from their work in the Wehrmacht or the labor service for the Borussia games .
The official commemorative publication for the 30th anniversary of the club shows that in the first year of the war 80 percent of the players belonged to the Gauliga team of the SA; the NSDAP member August Lenz also served in the Todt organization of the then Reich Minister for Armaments and Ammunition. On the other hand, a number of active club members were active in the resistance against the National Socialists until the end and used the infrastructure of the club, especially the printing machines for reproducing leaflets. Some of them paid for this courageous commitment with their lives, including Heinrich Czerkus , the club manager of the stadium and the club facilities until they were expropriated, and Franz Hippler , the chairman of the handball department. Both were murdered by the Gestapo on Good Friday 1945 ; her and the many other victims of this massacre have been commemorated every year since then at the memorial in the Bittermark .
1946 to 1963 - The rise to the top German team
* Season in the Westfalenliga
highlighted in green: Winning the German championship
highlighted in orange: defeat in the final for the German championship
After the war, the rebuilding of the club structures in Germany began, many clubs had lost most of their players and officials. BVB fared no differently than other clubs in the British occupation zone and first had to obtain its readmission. This was granted in July 1945, the military government appointed Willi Bietzek as chairman of the association. From August football was played again in Hoeschpark , in 1946 BVB came fourth in the second season of the newly founded Landesliga West, which consisted of the clubs of the former Gauligists. At the same time, the first “real” Borussia board member after the war was elected in May, and Rudi Lückert became president .
The greatest success in the club's almost forty-year history was achieved in the second post-war season. After Borussia won the season three points ahead of SpVgg Erkenschwick , the final of the Westphalia championship against FC Schalke 04 took place in the Herner Stadion at Strünkede Castle . Borussia's 3-2 victory on May 18, 1947 went down in football history in the Ruhr area and West Germany as the turning point in the west , as the football supremacy of FC Schalke 04 in the area was broken. After this victory, BVB took the lead in West German football and rose to become the most successful club in the newly founded Oberliga West . In the first two seasons of 1947/48 and 1948/49 Borussia became champions, in 1949 BVB under coach Eduard Havlicek made it into the final of the German championship for the first time in the " Stuttgart Heat Battle " against VfR Mannheim after two leaders Herbert Erdmann's goal was lost 2: 3 after extra time.
After BVB had secured the western championship for the third time in a row in 1949/50 , Borussia met VfR Mannheim again in the round of 16 of the German championship. Again, BVB lost against the Palatinate, this time with 1: 3. In the following two seasons, the club West was third (1951 under coach Sepp Kretschmann ) and fourth (1952 under coach Hans Schmidt ), in the 1952/53 season they won the fourth league title. The qualification for the final of the German championship was missed, however, behind VfB Stuttgart , BVB took second place in its final group due to the poorer goal quotient.
After a fourth (1954) and a fifth place (1955), the 1955/56 season became the most successful in Borussia's club history to date. Not only was the fifth western championship won under coach Helmut Schneider , it was followed by another entry into the final of the German championship. There BVB defeated Karlsruher SC 4: 2 in the Berlin Olympic Stadium in front of 75,000 spectators and became German champions for the first time.
In the European Cup , Borussia were eliminated in the second round against Manchester United , but the season was still successful. In the same line-up as last year, BVB defeated in the final of the German Cup in 1957 the Hamburger SV 4: 1, before the team had backed up until now the sixth West championship. Coach Schneider did without the young national player Aki Schmidt in the final because he did not want to change the previous year's championship eleven. Never again should a German team become German champions with the same final team.
Qualified as champions, BVB was eliminated again in the second round of the European Cup, this time against AC Milan . After these championships, Borussia reached two fifth places in the western championships in 1958 and 1959, the team was now outdated. Max Merkel , whose German coaching career began in Dortmund, began to rejuvenate the team in the summer of 1958 and built young players such as "Hoppy" Kurrat , Charly Schütz , Timo Konietzka and Lothar Emmerich into the team - and with great success , after a third place in 1960, it was enough in the 1960/61 season to move into the finals for the German championship. The young Dortmund team lost 3-0 to 1. FC Nürnberg in Hanover.
Max Merkel left BVB after the defeat in the final, and Borussia secured the services of coach Hermann Eppenhoff , who had been German champions three times as a player with their rivals from Schalke. In 1962, BVB was eighth in the Oberliga West with this team in upheaval. In the last season before the introduction of the Bundesliga , the club was second in the league behind 1. FC Köln in 1963 and qualified again for the finals of the German championship. After a first place in the final group, BVB moved into the final again, in which they met Cologne, who were defeated 3-1 in Stuttgart. In this year's DFB Cup , Dortmund reached the final - for the first time in the club's history - which was lost 3-0 to Hamburger SV in Hanover.
1963 to 1972 - European Cup victory and creeping decline
In the premier season of the Bundesliga , the founding member of which was BVB as the reigning German champions, Borussia was one of the favorites for the title. In the end, BVB did not get past fourth place despite 73 goals. In the European Champions Cup , BVB made it to the semi-finals, where it was defeated by Inter Milan , the eventual cup winner. Previously, Benfica Lisbon had been defeated 5-0 in the second round by star striker Eusébio . A year later , the Borussia were third in the Bundesliga, at the same time they reached the final of the DFB Cup for the second time. There, again in Hanover, Alemannia Aachen was defeated 2-0. In the trade fair cup , BVB was eliminated in the second round against Manchester United with 1: 6 and 0: 4. BVB was hopelessly inferior to the team around Bobby Charlton and George Best , which were later to become world champions .
Due to a home defeat against eventual champions 1860 Munich on the penultimate match day of the 1966 season - possibly due to the stresses from the European Cup - BVB missed the championship and was only runner-up. The club celebrated its greatest triumph to date when it became the first German European Cup winner in the European Cup. In the quarter-finals against Atlético Madrid (1: 1 in Madrid, 1: 0 in Dortmund) and in the semi-finals against defending champions West Ham United (2: 1 in London, 3: 1 at home), the Borussia wins that put BVB into the third German team made who reached a European Cup final. In Hampden Park in Glasgow, Liverpool FC were defeated 2-1 after extra time despite the field advantages of the English. In the 106th minute, it was up to Stan Libuda to bring about the decision with a curious goal. Libuda shot the ball from 30 meters in a high arc over goalkeeper Tommy Lawrence to the crossbar. From there, the ball bounced into defender Ron Yeats's body and then into goal. This first victory of a German team in the European Cup was celebrated in Dortmund the following day with a car parade through the city center.
Automatically qualifying as defending champions, the new season went to Glasgow against the Rangers in the first round of the European Cup . There BVB lost 1: 2. In the second leg in Rote Erde, Borussia did not manage to score a goal in front of 40,000 spectators, so that the club was eliminated after the 0-0. Third place was achieved in the Bundesliga. In the run-up to this season, the gradual decline of Borussia began when the club management around President Willi Steegmann initially had coach Multhaup move to Cologne ahead of time and hired Heinz Murach, a coach with no experience in the league, who had previously been employed by the Niederrhein Football Association . At the same time, only players of mediocre quality were bought and hardly any good players moved up from the traditionally strong youth of Borussia.
As a result, Borussia Dortmund was fourth in the table in 1968, and a year later, when they were sixteenth, relegation was only prevented on the last match day, when BVB won 3-0 against Kickers Offenbach in Rote Erde . The change at the top of the club to Walter Kliemt in the winter of 1967/68 had little changed in the internal structures of BVB, and the spectators stayed away due to the sporting failures.
After an intermittent high in the 1969/70 season when the club finished fifth, "the big sell-off" began as a consequence of the financial bottleneck that had occurred. In 1969 Lothar Emmerich was given up without an equivalent replacement, in 1970 Wolfgang Paul , the long-time captain of the team, ended his career. A year later, after a 13th place in the table, the top performers Wosab, Neuberger, Weist and Held were sold. This was followed in 1972 in 17th place with 20 points and thus 36 years after promotion to the top division of relegation to the Regionalliga West .
1972 to 1988 - Difficult times both sportily and financially
|highlighted in purple: playing time in the second division|
In the first year as the second division, Borussia Dortmund did not reach the direct promotion as fourth in the Regionalliga West , the low point of the season was despite a 9-0 success against Preußen Münster the audience of almost 1500 spectators on the last day of the game. Since the squad in the 1972/73 season only differed selectively from that of the relegation season, the necessary change of the team was carried out for the 1973/74 season. Under coach Bédl the club came in sixth, financially and athletically Borussia was practically on the ground.
The change in the boardroom from Walter Kliemt to Heinz Günther , who ushered in the long overdue restructuring course at Borussia, was all the more important . Nevertheless, even after the club's own premises on Brackeler Strasse were sold, around 1.3 million marks were still missing to grant the license for the newly created 2nd Bundesliga , which had to be procured in a variety of ways. In addition to cuts in player salaries, financial support from the public sector and local industry ultimately ensured the club's survival. The city took on guarantees, and Hoesch provided the association with money as well as the training grounds at Hoeschpark and the medical equipment. As a thank you, the BVB jersey was adorned with the words “Dortmund” on the back and a circle with the Dortmund TV tower , flowers and a soccer ball on the chest. The lettering "Dortmund" has remained.
Equally important for the future of professional football in Dortmund was the opening of the Westfalenstadion , which was built for the 1974 World Cup on the west side of the Red Earth. The new arena attracted an average of 25,000 spectators to Borussia despite being second class and a sixth place in the final table, which made for a noticeable relaxation in the club's treasury. At the same time, the semi-finals in the DFB Cup were reached, in which BVB lost 2-1 in extra time against MSV Duisburg .
Borussia managed to rise again in the following season , thanks to second place in the final table and two wins in the playoffs for promotion against the 1. FC Nürnberg team . In the course of the season, the trainer Otto Knefler was dismissed and replaced by Horst Buhtz . Before the promotion games, Buhtz was dismissed because he had already agreed with the relegation competitor Nuremberg for the new season and the board wanted to prevent the promotion from being in danger with this measure. Otto Rehhagel became the new coach .
Before and during the 1976/77 season , BVB signed important new players such as Ente Lippens and Manni Burgsmüller and achieved a secure eighth place. In particular, the average attendance of over 40,000 visitors suddenly made BVB one of the wealthiest clubs in Germany. The 1977/78 season , which ended with eleventh place and 0:12 on the last matchday against Borussia Mönchengladbach , went with correspondingly high expectations . The aegis of Otto Rehhagel at BVB ended with the highest defeat in the history of the Bundesliga, who ultimately had to hold out his head for this defeat. The following year BVB remained mediocre, under coach Uli Maslo the club finished the 1978/79 season in twelfth place. More important was that in March 1979 the lawyer Reinhard Rauball became President of Borussia, who brought BVB, which was lurching due to lack of success and lack of spectators, back into calmer waters.
A bang in the summer of 1979 was the engagement of Udo Lattek as a trainer, who had been successfully active in Munich and Mönchengladbach up until then. In addition to sixth place in the final ranking , the semi-finals of the DFB Cup were reached, in which BVB lost 3-1 to the eventual winner Fortuna Düsseldorf . Lattek's first time at BVB came to an end during the 1980/81 season when he left Borussia for FC Barcelona .
After Lattek, a phase of constant coaching began. In the five years between the spring of 1981 and the spring of 1986, ten different trainers worked for the association. First came Branko Zebec from Hamburger SV , under whom the team improved especially in tactical terms and was sixth in the Bundesliga in 1981/82 . Thanks to this success, Borussia qualified for a European Cup competition for the first time since 1966; However, Zebec had to leave BVB due to his apparent alcohol problems, followed by Karl-Heinz Feldkamp . Under him, the club reached seventh place the following year, and BVB was eliminated from the UEFA Cup in the first round against Glasgow Rangers .
In September 1982 Rauball resigned as president for professional reasons, which not only left a power vacuum on the board, but also led to a sporting and financial slump. Under the interim and later Vice-President Friedhelm Cramer and the President Frank Roring , the club finally went into debt with 8.3 million marks that the Dortmund District Court had to appoint an emergency board on October 22, 1984. Rauball became president again, and Gerd Niebaum , who took over the office of president in 1986 , was appointed vice- president. Again, with the help of local sponsors, it was possible to avert the withdrawal of the license, but the sporting situation of Borussia remained precarious over the next few years. In 1984/85 BVB saved themselves in 14th place, in the following season the club had to go into relegation in sixteenth . After a 2-0 defeat at Fortuna Köln , Borussia was forced to win with two goals difference in the second leg, which was achieved in stoppage time by Jürgen Wegmann's 3-1 . The club achieved a playoff on a neutral pitch, which Borussia Dortmund won 8-0 in the Düsseldorf Rheinstadion . More than 30,000 fans accompanied their club to this game in the state capital.
The relegation averted at the last minute should ultimately turn out to be a “healing shock” for Borussia. Before the 1986/87 season , Frank Mill , Norbert Dickel and Thomas Helmer signed important supporters, while under coach Reinhard Saftig BVB reached fourth place at the end of the season and thus participated in the UEFA Cup. The new euphoria was dampened by 13th place in the following season , in the UEFA Cup the club achieved after eliminating Celtic Glasgow (1: 2 and 2: 0) and Velez Mostar (2: 0 and 1: 2) Round of 16, in which he was eliminated after a 3-0 win at home 5-0 after extra time at Club Bruges .
1988 to 1997 - Cup victory, championship and Champions League
|highlighted in green: winning the German championship|
Before the 1988/89 season , the Frankfurt talent Andreas Möller and Munich Michael Rummenigge were hired as additional "corset bars" for the team . In the training camp before the season, Reinhard Saftig left the club after disputes over the team captain. Horst Köppel followed him .
Under Köppel, BVB achieved its first title in 23 years with the DFB Cup in 1988/89 . In the final, Borussia Dortmund defeated Werder Bremen 4-1, and after Bremen led the scorers, Norbert Dickel scored two goals, Frank Mill and Michael Lusch . During the game, Borussia was cheered on by around 40,000 fans in the Berlin Olympic Stadium , which was sold out with 76,000 spectators , and around 200,000 people received the team the next day in Dortmund. This title win represented the last participation of Borussia in a cup final until 2008; in the following years, with the exception of the 1995/96 season, BVB was eliminated regularly in the first three rounds.
Despite the second round against Sampdoria Genoa in the European Cup Winners' Cup , Borussia settled in fourth place in the 1989/90 season in the top half of the Bundesliga, at the same time, with Michael Meier's commitment as manager, another forward-looking personnel decision was made. The first important purchase for the new season was Flemming Povlsen , who came to BVB from PSV Eindhoven for the record sum of DM 4.1 million at the time. At the end of the season, the tenth place was occupied, an exceptional home weakness with only four wins in the Westfalenstadion had prevented a better placement. Köppel was therefore replaced by Ottmar Hitzfeld from the Grasshopper Club Zurich , which turned out to be a stroke of luck for Borussia. In addition, with was Stéphane Chapuisat from Bayer 05 Uerdingen committed a player who proved to be durchschlagskräftigster striker of Borussia in the 1990s.
In the first season under Hitzfeld, BVB was close to the fourth championship title in the club's history, because Borussia played their most successful round in the Bundesliga. The possible championship title was lost on the last day of the match when VfB Stuttgart won their game at Bayer 04 Leverkusen 2-1 in the closing stages . Until then, the 1-0 victory at MSV Duisburg would have been enough for BVB to win the title. Despite the runner-up, the team continued to invest in the following season, with Stefan Reuter and Matthias Sammer luring German national players from Italy to the Ruhr area.
The following season was correspondingly successful. In addition to a fourth place in the Bundesliga, BVB reached the final of the UEFA Cup against Juventus Turin. Previously, the club had prevailed in the semifinals against AJ Auxerre on penalties, the Dortmund "home grown" Stefan Klos fended off the last shot by the French. In the final, Juventus Turin proved to be too strong: After a 1: 3 in front of a home crowd, BVB lost the second leg with 0: 3. Due to the long UEFA Cup season, BVB rose to become the financially strongest club in the league due to the high television money for the broadcasts. Consequently, the motto was according "We are investing in bricks and legs" to the 1993/94 season with Karl-Heinz Riedle another international obligation. Nevertheless, the season was rather sobering with a fourth place, because the club had given the goal of championship due to the personnel reinforcement.
Borussia stayed true to its motto and again invested heavily in the team, including Andreas Möller and Júlio César from Juventus Turin at Borsigplatz. And after the 1994/95 season , BVB secured the title ahead of Werder Bremen on the last day of the match . The first national BVB championship in 32 years was celebrated by tens of thousands on the lawn of the Westfalenstadion, the day after winning the title, players and coaches were welcomed by over 500,000 fans in the streets of the city at the biggest championship celebration in German football history. In 1995/96 Borussia Dortmund won the title, which they secured on matchday 33 with a 2-2 win at TSV 1860 Munich .
The 1996/97 season advanced to one of the most successful seasons in the club's history , when Borussia took third place in the league due to the multiple loads from the Champions League and reached the final on the European stage. In the sold out Munich Olympic Stadium , Juventus Turin was defeated 3-1. The young Lars Ricken made the decision immediately after his substitution with a long-range shot from 30 meters. In December 1997, BVB also won the World Cup by beating Cruzeiro Belo Horizonte 2-0 in Tokyo.
1997 to 2004 - Big investments, sixth German championship and the UEFA Cup final
|highlighted in green: winning the German championship|
After the great successes in the mid-1990s, the change came with winning the Champions League. Ottmar Hitzfeld resigned from his coaching position after the 1996/97 season and began his work as sports director at BVB. He was succeeded by the Italian Nevio Scala . At the same time, well-deserved players left the club, most of whom were replaced by expensive professionals who did not match the performance at other clubs in Dortmund. The 1998 world and European champion Thomas Häßler only played for one year at BVB, and Fredi Bobič and Victor Ikpeba, who were bought in the double-digit millions, were unable to build on previous performances in Dortmund. In total, over 80 million DM were invested in new players during this time, but the sporting successes were comparatively meager.
In the season under Scala, Borussia reached tenth place in the Bundesliga, in the Champions League , BVB made it to the semi-finals, in which it was eliminated against the eventual winners Real Madrid . The first leg is legendary because of the " Madrid Torfall " in the Santiago Bernabéu Stadium , when a goal post broke off and the game was only kicked off with a ninety-minute delay. Scala left the club prematurely due to the failures, and sports director Hitzfeld moved to the coaching bench of FC Bayern Munich . As a replacement, Michael Skibbe , who had previously worked as a youth coach and youth coordinator at BVB, took over the post of head coach for the 1998/99 season . Skibbe led the team to a respectable fourth place in his first season, which at the time allowed them to qualify for the Champions League.
The 1999/2000 season began successfully for BVB, but almost ended with the second relegation from the Bundesliga after 1972. BVB started with six wins from the first eight games and a sovereign lead in the table; of the following 23 games, however, the team won only one. After a defeat in the first game after the winter break, the coach Skibbe was on leave and replaced by the former Borussian Bernd Krauss . This achieved no victory in the eleven games under his direction and was released after two months. The club was in danger of relegation when Udo Lattek was reactivated for his last position in professional football. Matthias Sammer was at his side as an assistant trainer. He had to end his career as a player in 1998 after an infection in his knee joint. Both ultimately led BVB to eleventh place in the final table.
In the same year it was decided to convert large parts of the association into a listed company. On November 28, 1999, the general assembly of BVB approved the spin-off of the licensed players' department to Borussia Dortmund GmbH & Co. KGaA . Borussia Dortmund was the only Bundesliga club to date to go public on October 31, 2000. The issue price of BVB shares at the time was eleven euros. The association placed 13.5 million shares on the stock exchange, which brought in net issue proceeds of 130 million euros. Further subsidiaries were founded after 2000.
On a sporting level, the young coach Matthias Sammer should bring about an upswing for the 2000/01 season . Despite less spectacular new signings (Czech Tomáš Rosický came to BVB during the winter break ), this "new" team came third in the Bundesliga under Sammer and qualified for the Champions League. After the season, Borussia again invested heavily in new players, Jan Koller and Márcio Amoroso came to Dortmund for double-digit million amounts, and Ewerthon was later signed . These investments led to BVB winning their sixth German championship in 2002 , when the team surpassed Leverkusen , who had lost five points with three wins in the last three match days . In the same season, Borussia reached the UEFA Cup final, in which the club Feyenoord Rotterdam lost 3-2. Previously, AC Milan had been eliminated in the semifinals ; the 4: 0 in the first leg in Dortmund is considered the best game under the aegis of Matthias Sammers.
In the following summer break, more players were signed. The most prominent purchase was Torsten Frings , who came from Bremen for 9 million euros. The years after 2002 turned out to be far less successful than the championship season. In the Champions League 2003 was the last stop after the intermediate round, and in the league, BVB reached third place. In the subsequent Champions League qualification, the club was also eliminated on penalties against Club Brugge and thus “only” reached the UEFA Cup. There the FC Sochaux was too strong for the black and yellow in the second round . The club finished sixth in the Bundesliga and failed to qualify for the UEFA Cup. As a consequence, the club separated from Matthias Sammer and went into the following season with the new head coach Bert van Marwijk .
2004 to 2008 - sporty mediocrity and almost bankruptcy
The club suffered from considerable financial burdens for a number of years due to the recent failures, but also due to wrong business decisions in the course of the stadium expansion. The crisis led to the resignation of those responsible for long-time President Gerd Niebaum , who resigned as President in November 2004 and as Managing Director of KGaA in February 2005. Niebaum had previously admitted together with manager Michael Meier that the club had accumulated debts of 98 million euros and that Borussia Dortmund's continued existence was seriously endangered. Meier was no longer employed after his contract expired on June 30, 2005. He was succeeded by Reinhard Rauball as President (for the third time) and Hans-Joachim Watzke as Managing Director.
The economic consolidation was combined with a significant reduction in the budget for the Bundesliga team; the club's last stars moved abroad, and the transfer budget was cut significantly. Dedê, on the other hand, remained loyal to BVB and only changed in 2011 after 13 years of membership in the club. As a result, BVB was no longer at the top of the Bundesliga in the following seasons. At the end of the 2004/05 season , BVB moved into the UI Cup with seventh place and 55 points . After the team had been in 14th place at the end of the first half of the season, they completed a strong second half with 37 points.
In the following year 2005/06 , Borussia ended the season after a round without any major highlights as table seventh, in the 2006/07 season the team was ninth. During the winter break, BVB was ninth in the midfield of the league, the poor performance, especially in home games, brought the sporting management headed by coach Bert van Marwijk into criticism. The Dutchman, whose newly formed offensive did not meet expectations, initially announced his retirement at the end of the season after the game against VfL Wolfsburg . On December 18, two defeats later, Hans-Joachim Watzke's management announced his immediate leave of absence. One day later he was succeeded by Jürgen Röber , who received a contract until the end of the season. Under Röber, who announced his resignation as coach after eight games, the team continued their downward trend and got into the relegation battle. The move to the second division was avoided under Röber's successor Thomas Doll after a series of 15 points from six games.
Despite a convincing preparation and numerous new signings, Borussia Dortmund occupied a place in the lower midfield of the table in the following season 2007/08 and ended the season in 13th place in the table - the worst result in the last 20 years. Coach Doll resigned after the season. The season in the DFB Cup was more successful . There, BVB moved back into the final for the first time since winning the cup in the 1988/89 season. In the final, the club was defeated by FC Bayern Munich 2-1 after extra time and still competed in the 2008/09 UEFA Cup due to the championship of Bayern Munich .
2008 to 2015 - The Klopp era with two championships, a cup win and a Champions League final
|highlighted in green: winning the German championship|
From the 2008/09 season , Borussia Dortmund was coached by the former Mainz head coach Jürgen Klopp and has since experienced positive sporting development. After a consistent rejuvenation of the team, Klopp's first season was sixth, which means that BVB did not qualify for international business - so far, with 59 points achieved once. In the DFB Cup , BVB was eliminated in the round of 16. In the UEFA Cup , BVB failed in the first round to Udinese Calcio ; after a 2-0 defeat in front of their home crowd, the team equalized the result in the second leg, with the goals only being marked in the stoppage times of the two halves. However, Borussia lost in the decisive penalty shoot-out. A qualifying round for the European competition was achieved in the 2009/10 season when Borussia finished fifth at the end of the season, which entitles them to qualify for the Europa League .
In the 2010/11 season , the young Dortmund team (with the exception of goalkeeper Roman Weidenfeller was not a regular player older than mid-20s) secured the autumn championship three game days before the end of the first half of the season. As the dominant team of the entire Bundesliga season, BVB celebrated its seventh German championship on matchday 32. In addition, a new season ticket record was set in the Bundesliga with 51,200 season tickets sold before the start of the season. Both in the DFB Cup and in the Europa League, BVB was eliminated before the winter break. In the second round of the DFB Cup, Borussia Dortmund failed at third division Kickers Offenbach on penalties. After winning the Europa League qualification against Qarabağ Ağdam , BVB faced Karpaty Lviv , Sevilla FC and Paris Saint-Germain . There the team was eliminated from the competition in third place behind Paris Saint-Germain and Sevilla FC.
In the following season 2011/12 , BVB was also established as champions on matchday 32 and set a Bundesliga record with 81 points, which FC Bayern Munich had previously achieved in 1972 and 1973 with the equivalent of 79 points each. At the end of the first half of the season, Bayern were still three points behind; With 47 out of 51 possible points after the winter break, BVB also set a new record for the best half series in the Bundesliga. In addition, Borussia Dortmund reached the final of the DFB Cup after the team had eliminated SV Sandhausen , Dynamo Dresden , Fortuna Düsseldorf , Holstein Kiel and SpVgg Greuther Fürth , with the "black and yellow" winning against Fortuna on penalties and against SpVgg Greuther Fürth triumphed 1-0 in the last second of extra time. In the final, Bayern Munich were defeated unexpectedly 5-2 after balanced duels in the Bundesliga, which for the time being marked the climax of the success. This is the first time BVB has achieved the double in its club history . In addition, with BVB, for the first time in the history of European football, a club reached the mark of over 80,000 spectators per league game in one season; In 2011/12, an average of 80,552 spectators came to the home games.
After the season, Shinji Kagawa was the only service provider who left the club for Manchester United . This was replaced by Marco Reus from Borussia Mönchengladbach , who had already played in Dortmund's youngsters from 1995 to 2005. In the 2012/13 Champions League , BVB survived the “champions and death groups” with Ajax Amsterdam , Manchester City and Real Madrid and reached the round of 16 as group winners on the penultimate match day. With home wins against Shakhtar Donetsk , FC Málaga and Real Madrid, Dortmund reached the final again after 16 years , with a heart-stopping final against Málaga with two goals in stoppage time. Borussia lost the final 2-1 to Bayern Munich . In the other two competitions, Bayern were responsible for the fact that Borussia Dortmund went without a title for the first time in three years: In the Bundesliga it was only enough to runner-up, while in the quarter-finals of the DFB Cup with a 1-0 defeat in Munich, it was also the end of the line the BVB was. As runner-up, the club competed in the DFL Supercup against FC Bayern on July 27, 2013 and secured their first win since 1996 with a 4-2 victory and again became record winners together with FC Bayern. It also made Borussia the only team that was able to defeat Bayern at the national level in 2013. In the 2013/14 season , Dortmund won each of the first five games for the first time in their Bundesliga history. In addition, a record from the 2003/04 season was set on November 3, 2013 with the sixth home win in a row . Despite the strong start with leading the table over a few match days, Dortmund finished fourth at the winter break. In the second half of the season, the team improved and was ultimately runner-up again.
At the 2013 annual general meeting, BVB reported that both the association and the KGaA are debt-free. The listed company had made a profit of 53.3 million euros in the 2012/13 financial year, so that the assets have exceeded the liabilities since then.
Thanks to the runner-up, the club qualified for the 2014 DFL Supercup against FC Bayern. With the 2-0 victory in their own stadium, BVB became the sole record winner of the competition.
The 2014/15 season was less successful for BVB - after four years as champions or runners-up. On the first matchday, BVB conceded the fastest goal in Bundesliga history after just nine seconds from Karim Bellarabi in the 2-0 home defeat against Bayer 04 Leverkusen . The first half of the season ended the team after ten defeats with 15 points in 17th place in the table. In the group stage of the Champions League, however, the Dortmunders were largely convincing and moved into the round of 16 as group winners in front of Arsenal FC , RSC Anderlecht and Galatasaray Istanbul , in which the club was eliminated against Juventus Turin . In the second half of the season, BVB was able to quickly pull away from the lower places. Six game days before the end of the season, Jürgen Klopp announced his retirement at the end of the season after seven years. In the end of the season, the team moved into the DFB Cup final after a 2-0 away win on penalties against FC Bayern Munich and reached 7th place in the league. In Klopp's last game, BVB lost the 72nd DFB Cup final against runner-up VfL Wolfsburg 3-1, but made it through the league to the third qualifying round of the Europa League .
Since 2015 - present
|season||place||Gates||Points||Ø add.||BL squad|
For the season 2015/16 took Thomas Tuchel the team. In addition to coach Jürgen Klopp , veteran players such as Jakub Błaszczykowski , Kevin Großkreutz and Sebastian Kehl left the club. Were now required, among other Gonzalo Castro and Julian Weigl and goalkeeper Roman Bürki , the longtime goalkeeper Roman Weidenfeller replaced in the league and in the cup. Under Tuchel, BVB was able to build on old performances in the first half of the season and finally wintered in second place in the table with 12 wins and 38 points. The second half of the season was successful for BVB in the league: with 78 points at the end of the season, as the best runner-up until then, he finished second behind FC Bayern Munich . Internationally, Borussia entered the group stage of the UEFA Europa League via Wolfsberger AC and Odds BK , in which they finished second behind FK Krasnodar and ahead of PAOK Thessaloniki and FK Qəbələ . BVB reached the quarter-finals via FC Porto and Tottenham Hotspur and was eliminated from Liverpool, which was trained by ex-coach Jürgen Klopp . In the DFB Cup , the team reached the cup final through third division Chemnitzer FC and second division SC Paderborn 07 as well as first division FC Augsburg , VfB Stuttgart and Hertha BSC , in which they lost to FC Bayern Munich 3: 4 on penalties after the game had previously gone goalless.
The 2016/17 season was marked by a change in personnel in the squad. Top performers such as Mats Hummels (for FC Bayern Munich), İlkay Gündoğan ( Manchester City ) and Henrikh Mkhitaryan ( Manchester United ) left the club. More and more young players were signed up, such as 18-year-old Emre Mor (from FC Nordsjælland ), 19-year-old Ousmane Dembélé ( Stade Rennes ), 22-year-old European champion Raphaël Guerreiro ( FC Lorient ) or - in the second half of the season - the 17-year-old Alexander Isak ( AIK Solna ). The club also strengthened itself with André Schürrle ( VfL Wolfsburg ), Marc Bartra ( FC Barcelona ) and Mario Götze , who returned to Dortmund after three years with FC Bayern Munich. In the first half of the season, the rebuilt team was unable to match the previous season's performance and was fourth in the table with 30 points after the 17th matchday. The second half of the season went a little better with a score of 34 points. With a total of 64 points, BVB was able to finish the season behind FC Bayern Munich and RB Leipzig in third place in the table and qualify directly for the Champions League group stage. In the Champions League , BVB moved into the round of 16 as group winners ahead of Real Madrid , Sporting Lisbon and Legia Warsaw . The 8: 4 victory on the fifth group match day against Legia Warsaw was the highest-scoring game in the history of the competition to date. BVB reached the quarter-finals via Benfica Lisbon in the round of 16, where they met AS Monaco . The first leg in Dortmund, which was lost 3-2, was overshadowed by an attack on the team bus in which Marc Bartra and a police officer were injured and postponed for 22 hours. BVB lost the second leg in Monaco 3-1 and was eliminated from the competition. In the DFB Cup, after victories over the regional division Eintracht Trier , the second division Union Berlin , Hertha BSC , the third division Sportfreunde Lotte and FC Bayern Munich , BVB moved into the cup final, in which they defeated Eintracht Frankfurt 2-1 and finished fourth Could celebrate cup victory in the club's history. Three days after the cup final, the club separated from Thomas Tuchel due to differences.
For the season 2017/18 took Peter Bosz the team. In the summer transfer period, the transfer of Ousmane Dembélé caused a sensation, who moved to FC Barcelona for a guaranteed transfer fee of 105 million euros and became the second most expensive player in football history. World champion Matthias Ginter (Borussia Mönchengladbach) and long-time player Sven Bender (Bayer 04 Leverkusen) also left BVB. Newcomers included Maximilian Philipp (SC Freiburg), Ömer Toprak (Bayer 04 Leverkusen), Mahmoud Dahoud (Borussia Mönchengladbach) and Jadon Sancho (A-youth Manchester City), who was still unknown at the time . Under Bosz, BVB was at the top of the table after seven matchdays with 19 out of 21 possible points, five points ahead of FC Bayern Munich . In the following eight games, the team only got three points and slipped to seventh place in the table. In addition, she retired from the Champions League with two points won behind Tottenham Hotspur and Real Madrid and in front of APOEL Nicosia . After a total of nine competitive matches without a win, including a 4: 4 in the Ruhr derby against FC Schalke 04 after a 4: 0 lead, Bosz was previously after matchday 15 by which a week at 1. FC Köln exempted Peter Stoeger replaced . Under Stöger, BVB won the last two league games before the winter break and finished the first half of the season with 28 points in third place in the table. In the DFB Cup he was eliminated after victories against the sixth division club 1. FC Rielasingen-Arlen and the third division club 1. FC Magdeburg after a 2-1 defeat at Bayern Munich in the round of 16. In the winter transfer period, Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang (Arsenal FC), Marc Bartra (Betis Sevilla) and long-time player Neven Subotić (AS Saint-Étienne) left the club. The squad was strengthened with Manuel Akanji (FC Basel) and Michy Batshuayi , who was loaned from Chelsea until the end of the season and from then on replaced Aubameyang in the center of the attack. After a changeable second half of the season, in which he finished third in the second half of the table, but also lost 6-0 at Bayern Munich and was eliminated in the second round of the Europa League against FC Red Bull Salzburg , BVB finished with 55 points at the end of the season fourth place in the table and qualified for the Champions League due to the better goal difference in front of Bayer 04 Leverkusen .
For the 2018/19 season , Lucien Favre became the team's new head coach and appointed Marco Reus to succeed Marcel Melters as captain. Sebastian Kehl took over the newly created position of head of the licensed player department. New signings include Thomas Delaney (Werder Bremen), Abdou Diallo (Mainz 05), Achraf Hakimi (Real Madrid), Axel Witsel (Tianjin Quanjian) and Paco Alcácer (FC Barcelona). Jacob Bruun Larsen also returned from his loan from VfB Stuttgart. Long-time players Roman Weidenfeller (retired) and Nuri Şahin (Werder Bremen) as well as Sokratis (Arsenal FC) and André Schürrle (Fulham) left the club. BVB started the season well and ended the first half of the season after only having to accept one defeat on matchday 16 against newly promoted Fortuna Düsseldorf , 42 and six points ahead of FC Bayern Munich as autumn champions , and a 7-0 win the highest win of the first half of the season against 1. FC Nürnberg ; Defending champion Bavaria and district rivals Schalke were also defeated. After nine points ahead of Bayern in the meantime, the lead in the standings was lost for the first time on matchday 24 and could only be recaptured at short notice in the 27th round. In the end, after two weaker seasons, the runner-up was again - besides the fewest defeats (4 together with the master) the second most hits were also scored. Jadon Sancho had the most assists at 17 and shared second place on the scorer list with captain Reus, while Paco Alcácer scored 18 goals, four fewer than top scorer Robert Lewandowski. Keeper Roman Bürki played twelve times to zero in 33 league appearances and shared second place in the ranking with Bayern's newcomer . Both the Champions League and the Cup ended in the round of 16, and there was no getting past Tottenham or Bremen .
In the run-up to the 2019/20 season , Christian Pulisic left the club as the second most expensive departure and joined the reigning Europa League winners FC Chelsea . On the other hand, the German national players Nico Schulz ( TSG 1899 Hoffenheim ) and Julian Brandt ( Bayer 04 Leverkusen ) as well as the attacker Thorgan Hazard ( Borussia Mönchengladbach ) and returnees Mats Hummels ( FC Bayern Munich ) were signed by the Bundesliga competition . After a 2-0 win over the previous season's double winner, Bayern Munich, BVB won the DFL Supercup for the sixth time . Leaving players like Christian Pulisic or Abdou Diallo , who switched to top European clubs, were compensated for with Thorgan Hazard, returnees Mats Hummels and Julian Brandt, all of whom came from Bundesliga rivals. After two league leaders in a row, which were to remain the only ones for the rest of the season, first place was lost to Leipzig, but BVB was able to establish itself again in the top group and remain Bayern's closest rival in the final sprint. During the winter break, the only 19-year-old striker Erling Haaland was signed , who drew attention to himself with several league goals and replaced Paco Alcácer . With three game days to go, Borussia was qualified for the Champions League again , and after 33 games and a win in a direct duel with Leipzig, they secured their second runner-up in a row. Furthermore, the club's internal Bundesliga record of 82 goals from the 2015/16 season was surpassed by two goals. Both in the premier class and in the cup, Dortmund was eliminated in the round of 16.
Achraf Hakimi , whose two-year loan contract had expired, was the only top performer to leave the club in summer 2020. Also, Mario Götze , the last under Lucien Favre had played no role anymore, Borussia turned his back on and went to the Netherlands . With Thomas Meunier , an experienced player on the wing was hired, with Jude Bellingham , a 17-year-old English second division professional , on the other hand, a perspective player. BVB was not in first place once in the first half of the season, scored the second most goals behind FC Bayern , but also lost the most games among the top 10 teams, namely six. Among them was a 1: 5 against promoted Stuttgart , after which they parted ways with coach Favre after a little more than two years. His previous assistant Edin Terzić , with whom those responsible planned until the end of the season, succeeded him. With Giovanni Reyna , an in-house young player developed into a regular player, whereas guarantors of success such as Marco Reus , Jadon Sancho or Julian Brandt suffered from form crises. Under Terzić, BVB reached the quarter-finals of the Champions League and won the DFB Cup .
The A-youth of Borussia was last looked after for one year by Michael Skibbe , who had already coached both the U19 and the professional team at the end of the 90s, and Mike Tullberg has been responsible for the team since summer 2020 . A-youth and second team are also outsourced to Borussia Dortmund KGaA.
Borussia Dortmund's greatest successes are linked to the systematic promotion of young footballers in their own youth teams. In the late 1950s and early 1960s as well as in the mid-1990s, Dortmund's “home grown” were important pillars of the big BVB teams.
The story of important Dortmund youth players begins with August Lenz , who joined BVB in 1927 and became Borussia's first national player. With him, Borussia rose to the Gauliga in 1936 and established themselves as one of the most successful teams in Westphalia (and later Germany) in the long term. Since BVB had not differed much from the many other Dortmund football clubs in terms of sport or infrastructure, Lenz's entry into the club may be the decisive step towards developing into a top German club.
Borussia's title wins in the Oberliga West in the 1950s can largely be traced back to an excellent search for talent in the region. As early as 1949 , when BVB became German runners-up, the team consisted to a large extent of former youth players who were Westphalia champions against Schalke 04 in 1939. Likewise, many members of the championship team from 1956 and 1957 were children of the Ruhr area who either already worked for BVB as young people ( e.g. Max Michallek , Helmut Bracht or Herbert Sandmann ), or at the beginning of their time as senior citizens (including Willi Burgsmüller ) Borussia came across. This successful search for talent continued until the early 1960s, when players like "Hoppy" Kurrat or Timo Konietzka were built into Borussia's first team. The main reason for BVB's slow decline after winning the European Cup in 1966 is the neglect of youth work. The financial resources were no longer invested in top-class talent from the region.
It was not until the beginning of the 1980s that Borussia's youth department produced well-known players again. With Michael Zorc and Ralf Loose , two junior world champions made their debut in the Bundesliga in the 1981/82 season, the former later being the captain of the championship team from 1995 and 1996. Also Stefan Klos , who between 1991 and 1998 was the regular goalkeeper for all major successes stood in goal, made his professional debut in Dortmund.
Since then, the club has achieved some successes at German youth championships . The A-youth of Borussia won all the finals for the German championship between 1994 and 1998 and the B-youth won the title in 1984, 1993, 1996 and 1998 former) BVB players occupy four of the top five places. In addition to Lars Ricken and Ibrahim Tanko , it was more recently Marc-André Kruska and Nuri Şahin who each scored their first goal in the Bundesliga at the age of 17. Şahin was also the youngest player to appear in the Bundesliga from August 6, 2005 to November 21, 2020. He was followed by Youssoufa Moukoko , also a young Dortmund player, who made his debut in the top German division at the age of 16 and one day.
In 2005 Marc-André Kruska (U18 gold) and Sebastian Tyrała (U17 bronze), in 2009 and 2010 Mario Götze (U17 and U18 gold), 2015 Felix Passlack (U17 gold) and 2018 Luca Unbehaun (U17 bronze ) honored with the Fritz Walter Medal as the best young player of their year.
In the last championship season 2011/12, three former BVB youth players were regular players in the first team: Marcel Schmelzer , Kevin Großkreutz and Mario Götze . When he won the title the year before, Nuri Şahin was also a former youth player among the permanent staff. In 2012 the national player Marco Reus returned to BVB, for whom he had played ten years as a youth. In 2016, with a 5-3 win in the final against 1899 Hoffenheim and in 2017 with an 8: 7 on penalties against FC Bayern Munich , the A-Jugend again became German champions.
In November 2017, the club started a project competition in which clubs organized in the Football and Athletics Association of Westphalia (FLVW) could apply in order to receive financial support. The project to promote regional young talent was endowed with 200,000 euros, 150,000 from the KGaA and 50,000 from the registered association.
Another championship each for the A and B juniors followed by summer 2020, with Sergio Gómez , Jadon Sancho , Luca Unbehaun, Tobias Raschl and Giovanni Reyna , other young talents also made it into the Bundesliga team. However, as a result, only the offensive forces Sancho and Reyna were able to establish themselves there, both eventually even becoming senior national players in their home countries.
A juniors title
Title of the B-Juniors
In addition to its own junior performance center, the association has also had a youth academy for children between the ages of 6 and 13 since 2011. In cooperation with local associations and talent schools, there are branch academies in the United States , Japan , China and Singapore . In addition, in the summer of 2019 BVB Academy Łukasz Piszczek -called children's and youth football school in Poland Goczałkowice-Zdrój opened where the same BVB player growing up.
Well-known former youth players
The following is a selection of players who were active in the youth department of Borussia Dortmund for at least a year before their first professional appearance and during their professional career at least 50 games in one of the five “big” leagues, the Bundesliga (or, before 1963, in the Oberliga ), Premier League , Primera División , Serie A and Ligue 1 (the year of birth of the player is shown in brackets). Players in bold are in the current professional squad.
As of December 12, 2020
- Hans-Joachim Andree (1950)
- Tolgay Arslan (1990)
- Maurice Banach (1967)
- Felix Bastians (1988)
- Markus Brzenska (1984)
- Kerem Demirbay (1993)
- Thorsten Fink (1967)
- Daniel Ginczek (1991)
- Armin Görtz (1959)
- Mario Götze (1992)
- Kevin Grosskreutz (1988)
- Koray Günter (1994)
- Uwe Hünemeier (1986)
- Eike Immel (1960)
- Helmut Kapitulski (1934)
- Stefan Klos (1971)
- Peter Knäbel (1966)
- Florian Kringe (1982)
- Marc-André Kruska (1987)
- Dieter Kurrat (1942)
- Ralf Loose (1963)
- David Odonkor (1984)
- Lars Ricken (1976)
- Marco Reus (1989)
- Antonio Rüdiger (1993)
- Nuri Şahin (1988)
- Herbert Sandmann (1928)
- Marcel Schmelzer (1988)
- Theo Schneider (1960)
- Pascal Stenzel (1996)
- Daniel Simmes (1966)
- Christian Timm (1979)
- Mirko Votava (1956)
- Michael Zorc (1962)
History of the other departments of the association
In addition to the football department, there have been and still are various other sports departments in the history of Borussia which, with the exception of the handball department, were not nearly as successful as the club's footballers.
The athletics department of Borussia had existed since the club was founded in 1909. As already indicated above , it was accepted into the West German Association of Games before the football division and, despite the fact that the association was suspended, it opened its doors to play. In this early phase of the club's history, Borussia members were mostly active (and moderately successful) in both sports. For example, the first press reports about the association deal with the participation of the members in the Sedan Games and the "Castrop Olympics".
As the third division of the club, the handball department of the BVB was launched in 1924 , initially affiliated with the athletes, but later independent. In the early days, the men in particular were successful at the regional level, because as early as 1931 they were promoted to the top division. Women have been involved in handball within BVB since 1926.
In addition to the soccer department, the handball department has the greatest successes; their first women's team won the DHB Cup in 1997 (in the final in Riesa the TV Lützellinden was defeated 24:22) and then stood in the final of the EHF Cup , where they were defeated by Olimpija Ljubljana from Slovenia. In addition, she was German runner-up behind VfB Leipzig in 1999 , and between 1996 and 1998 and 2000, the team took third place in the final table. The last major success of Borussia was the 2003 Challenge Cup victory against HC Selmont Baia Mare from Romania.
The success of the handball players is closely linked to Gustl Wilke , who coached BVB from 1989 to 1999 and from 2008 to 2011. Under his aegis, the team rose from the regional league to the second division in 1991 , followed by promotion to the handball division two years later . In March 2007, the club was relegated after having been a member of the Bundesliga for 14 years, and a year later it was promoted again directly.
In spring 2009 a withdrawal of the handball department from professional sport was considered, but this could be averted by the formation of a sponsor group from eight companies from the region. The league in the Bundesliga was only achieved due to the license withdrawal of the Rhein-Main bees . In the 2009/10 season, Borussia Dortmund was relegated from the Bundesliga.
In addition to the handball department, a boxing department was founded in 1924 , which was headed by Johann Neuhoff, an uncle of Max Schmeling . However, this only existed for a few years and merged in 1929/30 with the athletes from Germania 22 to form the new club Punching 22 Dortmund. As early as 1932, however, the "Boxers vom Borsigplatz" fought again under their old names. A year later their traces are lost.
Table tennis department
The table tennis department is Borussia's youngest independent sports department. The department was founded in November 1947 and has seven active men's teams and one youth team.
The first men's team was able to advance to the Oberliga West, the highest German division until 1966, just a few years after the division was founded. The promotion team from 1963 at that time included Wilfried Micke and Karl-Heinz Büttig. She stayed there until 1978, when she first had to relegate as eleventh in the table. In the meantime, the team has been playing in the second division since the regional league championship in 1995 and was able to record the greatest success in the division's history by winning the championship in the second division north in the 2003/04 season. However, she waived promotion to the first division. The game is played in the “small Brügmannhalle” on Brügmannstrasse, and the sporting director is currently Bertram Brust. The best-known player is the Chinese Qi Wencheng, who has been active for Dortmund since 1993.
In spring 2009 a withdrawal of the table tennis department from professional sport was considered, but this could be averted by the formation of a sponsor group of eight companies from the region. For the financial reasons mentioned, after the second division championship in 2008/09, a promotion to the Bundesliga was waived.
- Bernd Möllmann: Chronicle of the table tennis department of Borussia Dortmund , magazine tischtennis , 2018/7 Region 3 pages 8-10
In September 2020, the establishment of a department for women's and girls' football was announced. The teams should take part in the game from the 2021/22 season, the first women's team will start in the district league B. Under the leadership of department head Svenja Schlenker, Thomas Sulewski, who already had experience in women's football, was introduced as the coach of the first team at the end of February 2021. Furthermore, the former players Christian Timm and Annike Krahn will be available to the department in an advisory capacity.
At the general meeting in the Westfalenhallen, President Reinhard Rauball informed the members about the planned integration of blind sports into the football department on January 1, 2017. Both blind football and goal ball will be offered in the club in the future. As a result, the previous Bundesliga club ISC Viktoria Dortmund-Kirchderne will be transferred to the club and Borussia Dortmund will take over its place in the blind soccer Bundesliga . The ISC was runner-up in the men's blind football in 2010. There are three German women's championships and two men's national championships in goalball.
Borussia Dortmund GmbH & Co. KGaA
|Borussia Dortmund GmbH & Co. KGaA|
|legal form||GmbH & Co. KGaA|
|founding||July 1, 1999|
|management||Managing directors of the general partner GmbH:
Hans-Joachim Watzke , Thomas Treß , Carsten Cramer
|Number of employees||350|
|sales||€ 489.5 million (2018/2019)|
On November 28, 1999, the annual general meeting of the association approved the proposal of the association's management to outsource the taxable commercial business. As a result, Borussia Dortmund GmbH & Co. Kommanditgesellschaft auf Aktien was founded retroactively to July 1, 1999 . The general partner company is Borussia Dortmund Geschäftsführungs-GmbH, a 100% subsidiary of the association. With the structure of the GmbH & Co. KGaA the requirement of the league association was ensured that the club has control over the licensed players department. At the association's annual general meeting on February 26, 2000, the KGaA went public. This took place on October 31, 2000 at an issue price of eleven euros under the leadership of Deutsche Bank AG (together with WGZ-Bank , Dresdner Kleinwort Benson , WestLB , Sparkasse Dortmund and Dortmunder Volksbank ).
In the course of the IPO, the club's management around President Gerd Niebaum , who was also the managing director of the KGaA, and manager Michael Meier tried to expand Borussia Dortmund's fields of business. For this purpose, various subsidiaries were founded, the most prominent of which was goool.de Sportswear GmbH , which operates as BVB Stadion Holding GmbH. From 2000 onwards, BVB tried unsuccessfully under this label to be the only club in the Bundesliga to establish its own brand of sporting goods. Its own professional team was equipped by goool.de from 2000 to 2004, other clubs such as Dynamo Dresden or Kickers Offenbach partly until they ceased operations in 2008. In addition, Borussia Dortmund acquired the team hotel Lennhof in Barop in 2000 , which five years later was given to an entrepreneur from Swords was sold, founded a travel company with BEST Borussia.Euro Lloyd Sports.Travel GmbH (besttravel Dortmund GmbH) and acquired shares in Orthomed GmbH, which operates rehabilitation centers.
The most important project in addition to securing athletic performance by purchasing new players, however, was the third stage of the stadium expansion. In the process, seats were built in the corners of the Westfalenstadion, which increased the capacity of the stadium to more than 80,000 and ultimately led to the hosting of a semi-final of the 2006 World Cup . At the same time, Borussia Dortmund's stake in Westfalenstadion GmbH & Co. KG, which was founded in 1995, increased from 47 to 75% after the IPO, and was successively sold to Molsiris GmbH, a subsidiary of Commerzbank AG . The KGaA committed itself to an annual rent payment to Molsiris and to a buyback in 2017.
Despite the funds raised through the IPO and the sale of the stake in the stadium, the club suffered from considerable financial burdens from 2003, which were due in particular to far too high costs for the squad and the lack of sporting success after the 2002 championship. In the 2003/04 financial year alone, the KGaA generated a loss of over 65 million euros, and the debt level rose to more than 118 million euros. As a result, the KGaA was forced to give up important players. Critics accused the club's management of acting unprofessionally; the association "destroyed" the enormous income after 2000. The BVB share price was meanwhile well below the issue price of eleven euros. Investing in the security has so far not paid off for both small and institutional investors, and experts did not expect the issue price to be reached any time soon.
The crisis led to the resignation of those responsible for long-time President Niebaum, who resigned as President in November 2004 and as Managing Director of KGaA in February 2005. Niebaum had previously had to admit, together with manager Meier, that the club had accumulated debts of 98 million euros and that Borussia Dortmund's continued existence was seriously endangered. Meier was no longer employed after his contract expired on June 30, 2005. He was succeeded by Reinhard Rauball as club president (for the third time) and Hans-Joachim Watzke as managing director of KGaA. Above all, Watzke made a name for himself in the following years with the successful restructuring of Borussia; Borussia Dortmund GmbH provided four capital increases (2004, twice in 2006 and 2014) with a current share capital of 85,925,000 euros and the repurchase of the stadium (combined with the renaming to "Signal Iduna Park") with financial support from the US investment bank Morgan Stanley & Co. KGaA back on solid feet.
The KGaA's wholly owned subsidiaries are BVB Merchandising GmbH, BVB Stadion Holding GmbH, BVB Stadionmanagement GmbH, Sports & Bytes GmbH, which looks after the BVB website, and besttravel Dortmund GmbH. The KGaA also owns shares in Orthomed GmbH (33.33%). The KGaA holds shares of 94.90% each in BVB Beteiligungs-GmbH and BVB Stadion GmbH through subsidiaries. Significant limited partnership shareholders are Evonik Industries (9.83%), Bernd Geske (9.35%), the Ballspielverein Borussia 09 e. V. Dortmund (5.53%), Signal Iduna (5.43%), Puma (5%) and Ralph Dommermuth Beteiligungen GmbH (1 & 1) (5.004%). The remaining shares (59.86%) are in free float (as of April 20, 2020).
In 2012, Borussia Dortmund GmbH & Co KGaA paid a dividend for the first time ever. In the 2011/12 financial year, it posted a net profit of 34.3 million euros, of which 3.7 million euros were paid out to shareholders as dividends. The distribution was therefore six cents per share.
In economic terms, Borussia Dortmund is one of the most successful clubs in Europe: After the 2012/13 season, BVB was ranked eleventh in the list of clubs with the highest turnover with a turnover of 256.2 million euros .
At the end of 2013, Borussia Dortmund GmbH & Co. KGaA merged its group companies BVB Stadion Holding GmbH, BVB Beteiligungs-GmbH and BVB Stadion GmbH and acquired the heritable building right on the stadium property, which had previously belonged to BVB Stadion GmbH.
On May 27, 2014, Borussia Dortmund GmbH & Co. KGaA was admitted to the Prime Standard of the Frankfurt Stock Exchange with effect from May 30, 2014 and thus fulfills a requirement for inclusion in a selection index (e.g. SDAX ) of Deutsche Börse AG . With effect from June 23, 2014, the shares of Borussia Dortmund GmbH & Co. KGaA were included in the SDAX selection index of Deutsche Börse AG.
In November 2014, managing director Hans-Joachim Watzke affirmed that the association was debt-free and economically “stronger than ever”. As a result, the club planned to increase the player budget.
The current economic key figures result from the annual financial statements of Borussia Dortmund GmbH & Co. Kommanditgesellschaft auf Aktien as of June 30, 2019:
|Total assets||496.4||513.7||million Euro|
|Capital assets||349.4||391.7||million Euro|
|- of which property, plant and equipment||195.4||195.5||million Euro|
|Personnel expenses||174.5||193.6||million Euro|
|Profit of common business operation||38.9||23.5||million Euro|
|- of which sports department||257||269||people|
|- thereof trainees||4th||4th||people|
|- of which the rest||170||200||people|
- Chairman of the management, responsible for sports, communication and personnel: Hans-Joachim Watzke
- Sports director: Michael Zorc
- Director of Communication: Sascha Fligge
- Managing Director Finances, Facilities and Organization: Thomas Treß
- Director of Finances and Facilities: Marcus Knipping
- Organization director: Christian Hockenjos
- Managing Director Sales, Marketing and Digitization: Carsten Cramer
- Chairman: Gerd Pieper
- Deputy Chairman: Christian Kullmann (Evonik Industries, Executive Board)
- Bernd Geske (major shareholder)
- Bjørn Gulden (Puma, board member)
- Ulrich Leitermann (Signal Iduna, Board Member)
- Bodo Löttgen ( CDU , chairman of the CDU parliamentary group in the North Rhine-Westphalia state parliament )
- Dr. Reinhold Lunow (BVB, treasurer)
- Silke Seidel ( Dortmunder Stadtwerke , managerial staff)
- Peer Steinbrück ( ING-DiBa , Senior Advisor)
With eight German championship titles, the men's soccer team is Borussia Dortmund's most successful division. At the end of the 2019/20 season, after 53 years of membership in the Bundesliga, the club was in second place in the all-time Bundesliga table with 2875 points. In addition, with 179 match days, BVB is the leader of the table in second place in the all-time list of leaders . Alongside Borussia Mönchengladbach, FC Bayern Munich and Hamburger SV, Borussia Dortmund is one of four clubs that was able to defend its title in the Bundesliga (1995/96 and 2011/12). The encounters between Borussia Dortmund and Hamburger SV are the highest-scoring duel in the history of the Bundesliga with 337 goals in 93 games (as of September 14, 2013). Borussia Dortmund's footballers were the first team ever to be honored with the Team of the Year award after the 1957 championship . In 1995 and 2011, after winning the Bundesliga title, Borussia was given this honor again. In addition, the A-Juniors (1994 to 1998, 2016, 2017 and 2019) were German champions eight times and the B-Juniors (1984, 1993, 1996, 1998, 2014, 2015 and 2018) of the club seven times.
Borussia Dortmund won the European Cup Winners' Cup in 1965/66 as the first German club ever to win a European Cup. After winning the Champions League in 1997 and the World Cup in 1997 , the international sports journalists association Association Internationale de la Presse Sportive (AIPS) selected Borussia Dortmund as World Team of the Year 1997, ahead of the Chicago Bulls and the Dutch national volleyball team .
- Winner of the European Cup Winners' Cup (1): 1966
- UEFA Cup finalist (2): 1993 , 2002
- World Cup Winner (1): 1997
- UEFA Super Cup finalist (1): 1997
Borussia won the DFB Cup five times and made it into the finals ten times. In 2012, the championship and cup double was won for the first time . With four finals in a row between 2014 and 2017, even if only one led to success, a record was set and that of FC Bayern Munich from the 1980s was surpassed. In addition, BVB is the second most successful participant in the DFL Supercup after Munich with nine participations and six wins .
- DFB Cup winners (5): 1965 , 1989 , 2012 , 2017 , 2021
- German Supercup winner (6): 1989 , 1995 , 1996 , 2013 , 2014 , 2019
- Unofficial Supercup winner (1): 2008
Borussia Dortmund is the only club that has won the DFB Indoor Cup more than once and won it three times in a row in 1990, 1991 and 1992.
- German indoor champion (4): 1990, 1991, 1992, 1999
- West German Champion (6): 1948, 1949, 1950, 1953, 1956, 1957
- Westphalian champion (1): 1947
- EHF Cup finalist (1): 1997
- Challenge Cup winner (1): 2003
- DHB Cup Winner (1): 1997
- DHB Cup finalist (3): 1994, 1998, 2016
- German champion (1): 2021
- German runner-up (1): 1999
Men's table tennis
- 1965/66: Oberliga West (at that time the highest German division)
- Champion in the second Bundesliga North (2): 2004, 2009
Player and coach of the football department
For more information on the people involved at Borussia Dortmund: Borussia Dortmund / Facts and Figures # People . For a complete list of all BV Borussia Dortmund first division players since 1947, see the list of Borussia Dortmund football players .
Current squad 2020/21
The team's captain is Marco Reus. His deputies are Mats Hummels and Axel Witsel.
Stand - squad: May 6, 2021
Stand - games and goals: May 8, 2021
|Item||No.||Nat.||Surname||birthday||BL games 1||BL goals 1||in the team since||Contract until|
|goal||1||Roman Bürki||Nov 14, 1990||173||0||2015||2023|
|25th||Luca Blunt||Feb. 27, 2001||0||0||2016||2022|
|35||Marwin Hitz||Sep 18 1987||22nd||0||2018||2023|
|Defense||2||Mateu Morey||March 2, 2000||18th||0||2019||2024|
|5||Dan-Axel Zagadou||June 3, 1999||52||4th||2017||2022|
|13th||Raphaël Guerreiro||Dec 22, 1993||111||21||2016||2023|
|14th||Nico Schulz||Apr 1, 1993||22nd||1||2019||2024|
|15th||Mats Hummels||Dec 16, 1988||287||25th||2019||2022|
|16||Manuel Akanji||July 19, 1995||91||3||2018||2022|
|26th||Łukasz Piszczek||3rd June 1985||263||16||2010||2021|
|29||Marcel Schmelzer||Jan. 22, 1988||258||3||2005||2021|
|midfield||6th||Thomas Delaney||3rd Sep 1991||59||4th||2018||2022|
|7th||Jadon Sancho||March 25, 2000||102||38||2017||2023|
|8th||Mahmoud Dahoud||Jan. 1, 1996||69||2||2017||2022|
|10||Thorgan Hazard||March 29, 1993||48||8th||2019||2024|
|19th||Julian Brandt||May 2, 1996||62||5||2019||2024|
|20th||Reinier||Jan. 19, 2002||12th||1||2020||2022|
|22nd||Jude Bellingham||June 29, 2003||27||1||2020||2023|
|23||Emre Can||Jan. 12, 1994||39||3||2020||2024|
|24||Thomas Meunier||Sep 12 1991||20th||1||2020||2024|
|28||Axel Witsel||Jan. 12, 1989||76||8th||2018||2022|
|30th||Felix Passlack||May 29, 1998||20th||1||2012||2023|
|32||Giovanni Reyna||Nov 13, 2002||45||3||2019||2025|
|37||Tobias Raschl II||Feb 21, 2000||1||0||2015||2022|
|Storm||9||Erling Haaland||July 21, 2000||41||38||2020||2024|
|11||Marco Reus||May 31, 1989||212||97||2012||2023|
|18th||Youssoufa Moukoko U19||Nov 20, 2004||14th||3||2016||2022|
|27||Steffen Tigges II||July 31, 1998||6th||0||2019||2024|
|36||Ansgar Knauff II, U19||Jan. 10, 2002||4th||1||2016||2023|
- Date: October 5, 2020
cursive written Departures were not in the squad at the end of season 2019/20.
|Time *||player||Transferring club|
|Summer 2020||Jude Bellingham||Birmingham City|
|Thomas Meunier||Paris Saint-Germain|
|Felix Passlack||Fortuna Sittard (loanee)|
|Reinier||Real Madrid (Loan)|
|Time *||player||Receiving club|
|Summer 2020||Leonardo Balerdi||Olympique Marseille (Loan)|
|Dženis Burnić||1. FC Heidenheim|
|Mario Götze||PSV Eindhoven|
|Achraf Hakimi||Real Madrid (Loan)|
|Eric Oelschlägel||FC Utrecht|
|André Schürrle||End of career|
|Ömer Toprak||Werder Bremen|
|after the start of the season||Immanuël Pherai||PEC Zwolle (loan)|
|Marius Wolf||1.FC Köln (loan)|
- As of April 29, 2021
|Summer 2021||Soumaïla Coulibaly||Paris Saint-Germain U19|
|Summer 2021||Łukasz Piszczek||LKS Goczałkowice-Zdrój (as an amateur)|
Coaching staff and management (selection)
|Edin Terzić||Head coach|
|Sebastian Geppert||Assistant coach|
|Otto Addo||Assistant coach|
|Kai-Norman Schulz||Chief analyst|
|Matthias Kleinsteiber||Goalkeeping coach|
|Mathias Kolodziej||Athletic trainer|
|Florian Wangler||Athletic trainer|
|Hans-Joachim Watzke||managing Director|
|Thomas Tress||deputy managing director|
|Carsten Cramer||deputy managing director|
|Michael Zorc||Sports director|
|Fritz Lünschermann||Team manager|
|Matthias Sammer||Management consultant|
|Lars Ricken||Director of the youth training center|
|Sebastian Kehl||Head of the licensed player area|
BVB's second team, Borussia Dortmund II , has played in the third division since the 2012/13 season under the direction of David Wagner . At the end of the 2014/15 season , the team was relegated to the fourth-class Regionalliga West , in which they have been competing since then. It plays its home games in the Rote Erde stadium , which can accommodate a maximum of 9,999 spectators.
Significant former players
The players are sorted chronologically based on the first competitive match for Borussia Dortmund's first men's team.
August Lenz (1922–1942 and 1942–1949, Sturm)
- Born in Dortmund, he was the first German national player for BVB and played almost without exception for Borussia during his active sports career. Lenz's face adorns the coat of arms of the Dortmund ultra group "The Unity" and is also the namesake of some of Dortmund's institutions.
Helmut Bracht (1939–1943 and 1955–1964, Sturm)
- “Jockel” Bracht, who was known by the nickname “The Oil Prince”, was already active for Borussia in his youth. Together with Burgsmüller, he won all three Dortmund championships prior to the introduction of the Bundesliga . From 1974 until his death in 2011 he was a member of Borussia Dortmund's council of elders.
- Alfred Preißler (1946–1949 and 1951–1959, Sturm)
Max Michallek (1947–1960, defense)
- Michallek was initially the playmaker at BVB in the 1940s and 1950s and was later used as a stopper, which gave him his nickname "The Spider". Together with "Adi" Preißler he played in three championship finals, of which he won two.
Erich Schanko (1947–1957, Sturm)
- The Dortmund-born striker won the West German championship five times with the Black and Yellows. Schanko, who was Dortmund's first regular player in the national team in the early 1950s, had to end his career in 1957 due to injuries.
Herbert Sandmann (until 1949 and 1951–1960, defense)
- Herbert Sandmann won the German championship with the Black and Yellows in 1956 and 1957. Because of his knee problems, he was unable to take part in the 1958 World Cup. In 1960 he had to end his career. He then worked as chairman and brought Reinhold Wosab, Hans Tilkowski and Wolfgang Paul to BVB. He was a member of the Council of Elders until his death in 2007.
Alfred Niepieklo (1951–1960, midfield)
- With Preißler and Kelbassa, Niepieklo formed the Dortmund attack in the 1950s, and with them he became known nationwide as "the three Alfredos". The three of them scored a total of seven of the eight goals in the two finals in 1956 and 1957. Until his death in 2014, he was also a member of Borussia's council of elders.
Wilhelm Burgsmüller (1952–1964, defense)
- Besides “Jockel” Bracht, the right defender is the only player who was on the field in all three Borussia final wins for the German championship. Burgsmüller is a member of the BVB's council of elders.
Heinrich Kwiatkowski (1952–1964, goal)
- "Heini" Kwiatkowski was part of the Borussia squad at all three championships in the 1950s and 1960s and was also a member of the legendary German world championship team from 1954 . There the goalkeeper was only in the starting line-up when the Germans lost 8-3 against Hungary. With 409 completed games, he leads the list of the football Oberliga West .
Alfred Kelbassa (1954–1962, Sturm)
- The striker, who died in Dortmund in 1988, completed "the three Alfredos" in the 1950s and became German champions in 1956 and 1957 with BVB. "Freddy" Kelbassa also achieved fourth place with the German national team at the 1958 World Cup .
Alfred Schmidt (1956–1967, midfield)
- "Aki" Schmidt became German champions with Borussia in 1957 and 1963 and won the DFB Cup in 1965 and the European Cup Winners' Cup in 1966 . The 25-time national player was a coach at Kickers Offenbach after his career and worked for Borussia as a fan representative, stadium manager and cash auditor.
Jürgen Schütz (1959–1963 and 1969–1972, Sturm)
- The "Charlie" called contactor was between 1959 and 1963 top scorer three times in the Oberliga West . After several years as a professional in Italy and at TSV 1860 Munich , he landed back at Borussia Dortmund in 1969 and experienced the sporting descent in 1972. In his prime, he formed an extremely dangerous strike duo with Konietzka.
Timo Konietzka (1958–1965, Sturm)
- Together with “Charlie” Schütz , “Timo” Konietzka formed a well-known storm duo, which was also known as “Max and Moritz”. Konietzka played a total of over 100 Bundesliga games for BVB and 1860 Munich and scored 72 goals, including the first goal in Bundesliga history.
- Wolfgang Paul (1961–1970, defense)
- Lothar Emmerich (1960–1969, Sturm)
Sigfried Held (1965–1971 and 1977–1979, Sturm)
- "Siggi" Held switched to Borussia due to the refusal of a license for Hertha BSC and, despite his center-forward position, appeared more as a preparer than a goalscorer. He stormed in the 1966 World Cup final together with "Emma" Emmerich; from 1968 to 1971 he was able to establish himself as the team captain of Borussia. Hero is fan representative for BVB.
Reinhard Libuda (1965–1968, Sturm)
- Although "Stan" Libuda spent most of his career at eternal rival FC Schalke 04 , he achieved the greatest success in the club's history with BVB. In the final of the 1966 European Cup Winners' Cup , Libuda scored the decisive 2-1 in stoppage time against Liverpool . Only two years later he returned to the “miners”.
Manfred Burgsmüller (1976–1983, Sturm)
- Manfred Burgsmüller from Essen ranks fourth on the list of the most successful goalscorers in the Bundesliga . Of his total of 213 goals, he scored 135 for BVB (in 224 league games) and is (as of 2015) the club's record scorer in the Bundesliga.
Eike Immel (1978–1986, goal)
- After Oliver Kahn, the native Hesse is the goalkeeper with the most appearances in the Bundesliga . The then 17-year-old began his career in the goal of BVB and played a total of 534 games for Borussia (247) and VfB Stuttgart (287). He was also in the goal of the German national team during the European Championship in 1988 .
Michael Zorc (1981-1998, midfielder)
- "Susi" Zorc was captain of BVB for several seasons in the 1980s and 1990s and played a key role in all title wins during this period. He played 463 Bundesliga games for Borussia, making him the club's record player. The seven-time national player is a sports manager at BVB.
Marcel Răducanu (1982–1988, midfielder)
- Răducanu made his debut for BVB on the first day of the 1982/83 season in the away game at Hertha BSC, which BVB won 3-1. The Romanian directed BVB midfield for six years and played 163 Bundesliga games for Borussia, in which he scored 31 goals (and only got four yellow cards).
Jürgen Wegmann (1984–1986 and 1989–1992, Sturm)
- The "Kobra" ensured that BVB did not have to start the second division again at the end of the 1985/86 season as third from bottom. After a 0: 2 in the first leg of the relegation against SC Fortuna Köln , a win with two goals difference was needed in the second leg to force a playoff. This succeeded at the last second when Wegmann pushed the ball over the line to make it 3-1 and thus saved the club.
Norbert Dickel (1986–1990, Sturm)
- "Nobby" Dickel only played 90 times for Borussia, but was instrumental in winning the DFB Cup in 1989 when he scored a brace in the final against Werder Bremen despite a serious knee injury. A little later he had to forcibly end his career due to this injury. Dickel is the BVB stadium announcer and is known to the fans as the "Hero of Berlin".
Frank Mill (1986-1994, Sturm)
- The 387-time Bundesliga player was a striker for Borussia Dortmund in the late 1980s and early 1990s and established himself as the crowd favorite in the south stand. With BVB, the team captain won the DFB Cup in 1989 from 1987 to 1989 and was also world champion in Italy with the German national team a year later .
Wolfgang de Beer (1987-2001, goal)
- "Teddy" de Beer was part of the squad for many years and won two championships with the team, the DFB Cup, the Champions League and the World Cup. However, the fan favorite only experienced most of BVB's successes from the bench due to injury, but remained loyal to BVB for over a decade out of gratitude. After that he was the goalkeeping coach of the Black and Yellows from 2002 to 2018.
Andreas Möller (1988–1990 and 1994–2000, midfield)
- "Andy" Möller not only won the 1990 World Cup and 1996 European Championship title as a former national player, but also several German championships and cup victories with Borussia and Schalke 04. He also won the UEFA Cup (1993) with Juventus Turin and the Champions with BVB League (1997).
Michael Rummenigge (1988–1993, midfield and forward)
- Karl-Heinz Rummenigge's younger brother came from FC Bayern Munich in 1988 and was therefore initially not particularly popular with the fans. That changed quickly when he won the DFB Cup with BVB in 1989 . In the 1991/92 season Rummenigge and the team just barely missed the championship title. He scored 36 goals in 157 league games for Borussia.
Stefan Klos (1990–1998, goal)
- The goalkeeper was already active in sports as a youth at BVB. In his time as a professional fall the championships in 1995 and 1996 as well as winning the Champions League in 1997. In December 1998, due to a dispute with the club's board, he moved to the Glasgow Rangers , where he ended his career in 2007.
Stéphane Chapuisat (1991–1999, Sturm)
- With a total of 106 goals, the Swiss Chapuisat is the third best foreign goalscorer in the Bundesliga to date. He was the first foreigner to surpass 100 Bundesliga goals and score 102 goals for BVB. "Chappi", as he was called by most, played for eight years in Dortmund and during this time was significantly involved in the championships and the Champions League win for Borussia.
Stefan Reuter (1992-2004, defense and midfield)
- Born in Franconia, he played in Dortmund for a total of twelve years and was the captain of Borussia for many years. The 1990 world champion played 502 Bundesliga games, mostly as a right defender or in defensive midfield. He remains in Dortmund's memory with his two goals for the 3-2 win against MSV Duisburg , a few days before winning the 1995 title.
Matthias Sammer (1993–1998, midfield)
- "Motzki" Sammer is the only Dortmund footballer who has ever been named European Footballer of the Year . The Libero became German champions both in 1995 and 1996 as a player and in 2002 as a coach with BVB, won the European Championship in 1996 as a German national player and became the 1997 Champions League winner. He is currently working as an external consultant for the club.
Karl-Heinz Riedle (1993–1997, Sturm)
- "Air" Riedle scored the two goals for BVB in the 3-1 victory in the 1997 Champions League final, making it 1-0 and 2-0, so that his name is inextricably linked to the greatest success in the Dortmund club's history. Since November 2014, Riedle has been working as an “international brand ambassador” for BVB
Lars Ricken (1994-2008, midfield)
- Born in Dortmund, he played as a professional exclusively for BVB. He became famous at a young age through a number of important goals; His goal against Deportivo La Coruña in the round of 16 of the 1994/95 UEFA Cup and the decisive 3-1 in the 1997 Champions League final are legendary . He works as youth coordinator for Borussia Dortmund.
Jürgen Kohler (1995–2002, defense)
- In 1995 Kohler moved from Juventus to BVB, where he stayed until the end of his career. The 1990 world champion and multiple German national player quickly became a crowd favorite thanks to his combative style of play. After winning the Champions League, to which he made a significant contribution not only in the semifinals against Manchester United , and winning the World Cup, he was voted Germany's Footballer of the Year in 1997.
Dedê (1998-2011, defense)
- The Brazilian-German soccer player was active for BVB for 13 years and played more than 300 Bundesliga games. By winning the seventh German championship of Borussia Dortmund in 2011, the crowd favorite Dedê announced his departure to end his career with another club.
Christian Wörns (1999–2008, defense)
- Wörns came to BVB from Paris Saint-Germain in 1999 and quickly rose to become the team's leading player and captain. In the 2001/02 championship season, the central defender was part of the second best defense in the league. Most of his 66 international matches were played in the nine years he played with Borussia Dortmund.
Jan Koller (2001-2006, Sturm)
- Koller, who once became German champion with BVB, was particularly noticeable because of his imposing size (202 cm) and the strength of his headers. The Czech international striker was elected to the eleven of the day of the kicker sports magazine on matchday 12 of the 2002/03 season . However, in the position of goalkeeper, which he held voluntarily after Jens Lehmann was sent off and an already exhausted transfer contingent - he did not concede a goal in the remaining 34 minutes of play.
Tomáš Rosický (2001-2006, midfielder)
- The Czech came to BVB as champions from Sparta Prague and quickly became an important part of the first team. As a high-class technician as well as clock and template generator in midfield, Rosický played a large part in the Dortmund championship in 2002 . Various injuries threw him back again and again in the coming seasons. So he went to Arsenal FC in 2006 .
Sebastian Kehl (2002–2015, midfield)
- "Kehli", who comes from Hesse, moved from SC Freiburg to BVB in 2002 and was active in sports for the club for 13 years. From 2008 to 2014 he was also the captain of Borussia and won a total of three German championships and one cup victory. Despite numerous, often severe injuries, Kehl fought his way back successfully into the team and stayed that way even in difficult times. After a total of 274 league games and 20 goals for Dortmund, he ended his career as a professional footballer. Since June 1, 2018, Kehl has been the head of the licensed player department for BVB.
Roman Weidenfeller (2002-2018, goal)
- The 190 cm tall Weidenfeller came to BVB from 1. FC Kaiserslautern in the summer of 2002 , but initially remained in the shadow of the goalkeeper at the time, Jens Lehmann . After he moved to England the following year, Weidenfeller soon rose to the internal number 1 and was a sure source of support for his backers , especially in the championship years 2011 and 2012 . A sentence that he uttered in a spontaneous interview with a foreign journalist shortly after winning the championship in 2011 achieved cult status among Borussia fans: "I think we have played a terrific season." Weidenfeller was two German champions and two cup winners and ended his career after 349 league games for BVB. In September 2018, he received his farewell game in front of over 70,000 spectators in the local Westfalenstadion.
Nuri Şahin (2005-2011 and 2013-2018, midfield)
- The midfield strategist's path with BVB began at the age of 12. At the age of 16, he made his professional debut in 2005 and became the youngest player in Bundesliga history to date. As a reliable sixth player , he was once champion with the team, once DFB Cup and twice DFL Supercup winner and even won the title of "defensive midfielder of the first half of the season " in the 2013/14 season . Although he was well respected both by the fans and within the team, he ended his engagement in the 2018/19 season after 15 years in the service of the Black and Yellows and moved to Bremen.
Robert Lewandowski (2010-2014, Sturm)
- The Pole came to BVB in summer 2010 as the top scorer in the Polish Ekstraklasa from Lech Posen . In his first Bundesliga season he was mostly only used as a joker, but in the following seasons he became Borussia's best striker. His four goals in the 2012/13 Champions League semi-finals against Real Madrid remain in the memories of many fans . In the 2013/14 season he was the top scorer in the Bundesliga. He then moved to league rivals FC Bayern Munich .
Shinji Kagawa (2010–2012 and 2014–2019, midfield)
- As the first and one of only two Japanese at BVB, Kagawa was active for the club for seven years with interruptions. He played 260 competitive games and scored 60 goals, mostly offensive behind the top. The Japanese international won two German championships and two cup winners with Borussia and, as a fine technician, was popular with the supporters until the end.
Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang (2013-2018, storm)
- The captain of the Gabonese national team moved from AS Saint-Étienne to the pot in July 2013 . "Auba" scored three goals in his first game for BVB on August 10th. In the 2016/17 season he got the top scorer with 31 goals this season. With 98 goals in 144 Bundesliga appearances, the accurate striker was a decisive success factor for the team. The only title he won with Borussia was the 2017 DFB Cup. After he had been intending to move since mid-2017 and was subsequently suspended several times due to undisciplined behavior, Aubameyang left BVB in January 2018 for England and signed with Arsenal FC .
The traditional team known as BVB legends , led by team boss Günter Kutowski , consists of over 30 players. In addition to cup winners from 1989 such as Kutowski himself, Thomas Helmer and Michael Rummenigge , President Reinhard Rauball , Managing Director Aki Watzke and former stars such as Lars Ricken , Giuseppe Reina , Jan Koller , David Odonkor , Knut Reinhardt and Stéphane Chapuisat are also in the squad. She competes in charity games at irregular intervals in Germany and abroad and took part in the annual Budenzauber indoor tournament in Krefeld .
After Borussia initially played their home games on a sloping field northeast of Borsigplatz (corner of Wambeler and Kirchderner Straße), the first “real” venue was the White Meadow in the early 1910s . It was also located in the immediate vicinity of Borsigplatz and the industrial facilities of Hoesch-Hüttenwerke in the north of Dortmund . The Stockheide outdoor pool is located here in the Hoeschpark . A memorial stone reminds of the former stadium.
The White Meadow was originally an urban ball playground with a running track and jumping pit. The goals initially consisted only of square timber and crossbars and were always dismantled after the games. Since the sports field did not meet the association's regulations for promotion to the district class , the club had to undertake extensive construction work in the summer of 1924. In addition to the erection of a 450-meter-long wall and the construction of the changing rooms and ticket booths, the completion of the spectator walls was in the foreground. The total cost of the renovation was 50,000 Reichsmarks, and after the renovation work, the stadium had a capacity of around 10,000 seats. The new "Borussia sports field" was handed over to the club by Mayor Eichhoff on August 14, 1924.
When Hoesch AG was forced to expand as part of the preparations for war by the National Socialists in 1937, the association had to leave the White Meadow grounds and move to the Rote Erde arena in the south of Dortmund. The sports field had to give way to an outdoor pool in the newly built " Hoeschpark ", which was not built until 1951.
In 1937 Borussia Dortmund moved to the Rote Erde arena, which was built in 1926 according to plans by Hans Strobel . He was responsible for the complete redesign of the Volkspark in the south of Dortmund, in whose concept "the arena should be the heart and the Westfalenhalle the head" of the park. The stadium had a capacity of more than 30,000 seats and was initially used by many different clubs. Among other things, several final round matches for the German championship took place in the arena between 1926 and 1939, in which the district neighbor from Schalke was involved.
For Borussia, the forced move was associated with a number of problems. Without its own field facility, the club lacked a training ground for its youth teams, and taxes of eight percent of home game revenues were due to the city. The club's wish for a training ground close to its roots was only fulfilled after the war, when the club was able to acquire a place on Brackeler Strasse in 1959.
Despite the difficult initial phase, the relationship between the club and Rote Erde ultimately turned into a success story. For BVB's first game in Rote Erde, when Hamburger SV was defeated 3-1 in the first round of the Tschammer Cup in 1936/37, 10,000 spectators came to the stadium; Before the game was stopped due to war reasons, the attendance record was 30,000 fans who attended a 3-7 Borussia against Schalke in November 1939.
After the end of the Second World War, the Rote Erde was the scene of the club's first major successes. In the meantime, the stadium even had to be expanded when Borussia games were repeatedly sold out before the start of the Bundesliga. Among other things, the back straight was roofed over and a few seats were added. In addition, an additional stand made of tubular steel was built, which impaired the stadium's running track in such a way that athletics competitions became impossible. Up to the opening of the Westfalenstadion for the 1974 World Cup, there was space for 42,000 spectators in the stadium and were able to witness the club's great successes in Germany and Europe.
The Rote Erde stadium has now been converted back into a real athletics stadium and is still used, among other things, as a venue for the second Borussia team. It has 25,000 seats, but is only approved for a maximum of 9,999 spectators for football matches.
The history of the Westfalenstadion began as early as 1965 when the Dortmund Sports Committee first dealt with the construction of a new football stadium in the immediate vicinity of the Rote Erde. However, such a new building did not seem feasible for financial reasons, so plans in this regard were initially put on hold. It was only when Germany applied to host the 1974 World Cup and the city of Cologne had found a new Müngersdorfer stadium also not financially feasible that the construction of the Westfalenstadion became acute. In October 1967, Dortmund successfully applied as a venue; the DFB had already been awarded the contract to host the tournament a year earlier.
On October 19, 1970, the City Council of Dortmund decided to build a new stadium, the groundbreaking ceremony of which took place a year later. The area directly behind the main stand of the Rote Erde had previously been used as the club's training area. Contrary to the original plan, which had provided for a fully roofed stadium with a running track and space for 60,000 spectators, which would have cost 60 million marks, a pure football stadium was ultimately built in panel construction. The arena was modeled on a stadium in the Canadian Olympic city of Montreal . The construction costs of this alternative building came to just under half of the original amount, and thanks to financial support from the federal and state governments and the Glücksspirale , the city of Dortmund only had to contribute an estimated 6 million marks.
Ultimately, at the beginning of the World Cup, the Westfalenstadion had a capacity of 54,000 seats, which were practically completely covered. All of the 16,500 seats were located in the stands on the sides of the field, while the north and south stands were reserved for standing room. For the official opening on April 2, 1974, Borussia received their district rivals from Gelsenkirchen in a friendly match . Almost 50,000 spectators attended the game. At the 1974 World Cup, Dortmund hosted four games a little later, including the semi-finals between Brazil and the Netherlands in the Westfalenstadion.
The stadium quickly developed into one of the most important stadiums in Germany. Due to its “typically English” construction without a running track, the atmosphere in the Westfalenstadion was always a bit hotter than in most of the other stadiums in the country, which were much more spacious. As the largest football stadium of its kind, the Dortmund stadium was ultimately an early forerunner of the pure football arenas that had been built across the country since the late 1990s.
In the spring of 1992 the capacity was reduced to 42,800 spectators due to UEFA regulations by converting standing to seating in the north stand. With the sporting successes of Borussia in the 90s, the Westfalenstadion was gradually expanded. As part of the first expansion stage, the west and east stands were increased in 1995 by an upper tier with 6,000 seats each. In a second expansion stage, the audience capacity was increased to 68,600 in 1998, when the north and south stands were also increased. Since then, the south stand with a capacity of 25,000 seats has been Europe's largest standing room, while the standing room on the north stand has been reduced at the same time. The third expansion stage, which provided for the closure of the corners that were still open, gave the Westfalenstadion an increase in capacity for the 2003/04 season by 14,499 spectators to 83,000 seats in the league. This made the Dortmund stadium the largest “football looper” in Germany. As a result of the expansion, BVB was able to show the largest average attendance in Europe in the first season with almost 79,000 visitors. The costs for the three construction phases amounted to a total of 110 million euros, which were raised exclusively privately.
In particular, the last expansion of the Westfalenstadion brought the club into a serious financial crisis. After the IPO, Borussia had increased its stake in the arena to 75 percent, but had to sell individual packages again and again to secure liquidity. At the turn of the year 2002/03, the KGaA had already completely sold all of its ownership of the stadium to Molsiris , a subsidiary of Commerzbank AG, and earned an estimated 75 million euros. At the same time, the stadium was " leased back " for an initial period of 15 years , which, due to the annual costs of 15 million euros, severely restricted the management board's financial capacity to act in the following years. Together with the eminently high expenses for the squad, the financing of the closure of the corners finally led to the collapse in autumn 2004.
As part of the renovation program that followed, BVB accepted marketing the stadium name. In autumn 2005, the insurance company Signal Iduna acquired the naming rights to the stadium, which has since operated as Signal Iduna Park . The income generated by this, together with the buy-back of the stadium in May of the same year, are considered a milestone in the club's financial consolidation.
At the 2006 World Cup , in addition to four preliminary round matches, an eighth and a semi-final match were played in the Westfalenstadion. Because FIFA only allowed official World Cup sponsors to advertise inside the stadiums, the stadium was renamed “FIFA World Cup Stadium Dortmund” during the World Cup. In the course of preparation for this major event, some modernization and renovation measures took place, including a slight reduction in capacity.
With 81,360 seats, the Westfalenstadion is still the largest stadium in Germany. Furthermore, on December 19, 2008, the 99th birthday of Borussia, the Borusseum opened in the northeast corner of the stadium , a museum dedicated to the history of BVB. The London Times put the Dortmund stadium at number one on their list of the most important football stadiums in the world. In the 2011/12 season, BVB exceeded the mark of 80,000 spectators per league game for the first time and set a new record in German and European league football with an average of 80,552 spectators.
Brackel training ground
After the withdrawal of the British armed forces in 1995, the former Dortmund-Brackel airport was converted . The new Borussia training ground was built in accordance with the requirements of the DFB. Due to the association's financial problems, the project, which had been planned for a long time, could not be carried out on its own, so that the Dortmund municipal utilities took over a large part of the construction costs as an investor and Borussia is formally only the tenant of the site. The stadium was handed over to the club on May 10, 2006.
The training area has four grass pitches, two of which are heated and one is covered with artificial turf. All places have a floodlight system. The site is completed by a functional building with changing rooms, a dehydration pool, a sauna and a press room. Since autumn 2006, three more large and two small training grounds have been added.
With the Brackel training ground, Borussia Dortmund's football department has a facility for the first time that is shared by all of the club's teams, from the U9 juniors to the professional department. The club hopes that this will improve communication between the individual teams.
In 2017, BVB acquired the “spy hill” next to the training ground for a price of 326,900 euros. The club enabled its players to practice undisturbed without spectators.
Spectators and fan culture
The fans of BVB
Borussia Dortmund has been one of the clubs with the highest average attendance in Europe for years. Six times already ( 2003/04 , 2004/05 , 2011/12 , 2013/14 , 2014/15 and 2015/16 ) the highest average number of spectators in Europe was measured in the Westfalenstadion; In the 2015/16 season, 1,948,880 spectators meant their own record. In German football, the record of 1,380,023 spectators from the 2015/16 season (corresponding to an average attendance of 81,178) is unmatched. Since the 1998/99 season, BVB has consistently recorded the highest number of spectators in the Bundesliga. With 55,000 season tickets per year, BVB has sold more season tickets than any other German club since 2013.
Borussia Dortmund has over 850 official fan clubs all over the world, more than 55,000 BVB fans are organized in them. The BVB fan department, now recognized as the official club department, has existed since 2004, representing the interests of the numerous supporters of the club and giving them a voice in the club. In addition, the Borussia fans have one of the largest fanzines in Germany with the Schwatzgelb.de information and discussion platform .
In addition to numerous non-political fan groups, there were and still are associations of right-wing extremist fans at BVB. Above all, the violent Borussian front around "SS-Siggi" Borchardt made nationwide headlines when an article in Stern appeared in September 1983 under the title "Blood, blood must flow ...". This was preceded by both brutal attacks on supporters from the left-wing alternative milieu in Dortmund's northern part of the city and right-wing radical cries on the south stand. This phenomenon was countered by setting up a fan project and various work projects in the club environment, which, together with the active fan scene around the Dortmund ultra group The Unity , ensure that the Borussia front only appears very discreetly at BVB games and has no significant influence on the fan culture in Dortmund owns. This consistent examination of right-wing extremist tendencies in club football was awarded the Julius Hirsch Prize for the Dortmund fan project in 2007 . Nonetheless, especially during games against FC Schalke 04, you can still hear slurs in the stadium, the texts of which are borrowed from Nazi jargon, or in which typical topoi such as the classification of “ unworthy life ” or the physical destruction of the “enemy” and desecration of his grave is resorted to.
To commemorate the groundskeeper Heinrich Czerkus, who was murdered by the Nazis on Good Friday in 1945 , the fan club named after him organizes the so-called Heinrich Czerkus memorial run together with the Naturfreunde Dortmund-Kreuzviertel, the Dortmund fan project and BVB itself.
The FIFA Fan Prize , which was awarded for the first time in 2016 , went to the fans of BVB and Liverpool FC , because when they met in the UEFA Europa League in April 2016 together with their anthems “You'll Never Walk Alone” on the 27th anniversary of the Hillsborough Disaster expressed their solidarity. The fans were also nominated for the 2017 FIFA Fan Prize. After the Champions League duel against AS Monaco , which was postponed by a day due to a bomb attack , its fans were offered “beds for away fans ” (on social media with the hashtag #BedForAwayFans ) in a spontaneous campaign .
Already in the 1970s there was a rather loose fan friendship between the fans of Borussia and those of Rot-Weiss Essen . Mainly shaped by the mutual dislike of the district neighbor FC Schalke 04 , it developed through mutual visits at the local derbies against the Gelsenkircheners. After a few years, the intense part of the friendship ended when there were massive riots in the last competitive match between the two teams (in the first round of the 1982/83 DFB Cup ). Nevertheless, there were and are many fans on both sides who visit the other club's games more often. However, there is no real friendship between the fan scenes.
Since 1987 there have been contacts between supporters of Borussia and fans of the multiple Scottish champions Celtic Glasgow . This results on the one hand from four clashes in international cup games, on the other hand - and above all - due to players who were active and popular in both clubs, such as Murdo MacLeod and Paul Lambert . This friendship is supported by contacts between supporters of the German and Scottish national football teams . This was last made clear in 2004, when football fans celebrated a football festival together before and in the Westfalenstadion as well as before and after the game on the Friedensplatz during the international match between Germany and Scotland . In Glasgow, BVB fans are just as warmly welcomed, apart from the supporters of the Glasgow Rangers , the long-time old firm rival of the Celts.
In the past there was also a fan friendship with Hamburger SV . The fan friendship with HSV originated in the 1970s immediately after Borussia rose again in 1976. There, Borussia's 4-3 victory against championship favorites HSV was celebrated and Hamburg's 5-0 victory in 1983 against Borussia wherein the HSV the just against Juventus won the European Cup of champions presented. In these years it was customary to greet the respective guest fans at the train station and walk together through the inns towards the stadium, both in Hamburg and Dortmund. The end of the friendship was initiated by HSV fans who did not feel sufficiently supported by BVB fans at an away game in Gelsenkirchen in 1986.
In the 90s there were some loose fan friendships, most of which had their origins in other fan groups. These were based on the gradual rise of Borussia to become the biggest rival of Bayern Munich . At that time, common fan scarves were worn in many places with SC Freiburg , Karlsruher SC , 1. FC Saarbrücken and TSV 1860 Munich .
At the moment there are no longer any broad friendships between Borussia fans and supporters of other German clubs. This is mainly due to BVB's title wins after 1995 and the resulting behavior of some of the black and yellow fans, who were increasingly arrogant; Chants like "If we want we can buy you up" were the order of the day. In the recent past, parallel to the development of an ultra scene in Dortmund, a mindset has emerged among the supporters of Borussia, which in the fan chant “No one likes us, we don't care” , for example: “Nobody likes us, but we don't care! ” culminated. However, since 1. FC Köln's 2-0 home win against Bayer Leverkusen in May 2011, which secured BVB the championship, the relationship between Dortmund and Cologne supporters has been friendly, and the ultra groups Desperados Dortmund and Boyz Cologne have been since Closely linked in 2006 until the Boyz finally disbanded in spring 2018.
The greatest antipathy exists between Borussia and the district neighbor from Gelsenkirchen , FC Schalke 04 , and is based on reciprocity. BVB was the first regional rival of Schalke, after they initially fought with clubs from the Rhine railroad about the West German championships at the time of the Weimar Republic . Later, Schalke had no significant competition in West Germany, the Gauliga Westphalia era ended with the Gelsenkirchen team as champions in every season. It was not until the years after the Second World War that the rivalry between the two clubs grew with the success of Borussia, and the district derbies emerged. From Dortmund's point of view, the final victory at the Westphalia championship in 1947 is considered a turning point, after which BVB took over football dominance in the Ruhr area with eight German championships. Borussia Dortmund and FC Schalke 04 are by far the largest clubs in Westphalia , and supporters of both clubs can be found across Germany. The special rivalry is the triggering reason why BVB and S04 are never granted home rights on the same match day when the DFL draws up the game schedule. It was most recently in the spotlight, especially in the 2006/07 season , when BVB, in that season only mediocre, defeated Schalke 2-0 on the penultimate match day in Dortmund and thus ensured that VfB Stuttgart ousted Gelsenkirchen from first place in the table and ultimately became German champion. On the last day of the match, BVB fans rented a sports plane that pulled a banner with the inscription “For a lifetime, no bowl in hand” at the home game of Schalke and circled over their stadium.
Dortmund and Bayern Munich have a younger rivalry at all club levels. As with many other clubs, their origins lie in the football supremacy of FC Bayern over the past 40 years. However, the idea of competition has only intensified since Borussia has been able to meet the record champions on an equal footing in terms of both sport and economy. Especially with the sale of top performers, such as the move of Mario Götze or Mats Hummels from Dortmund to Munich, the aversion to Bayern has intensified.
The duel with neighboring VfL Bochum , which was previously stylized as a B1 derby, has lost a lot of its importance in recent years due to different league affiliations.
The official club song of Borussia Dortmund is entitled “We hold tight and loyal together” and was composed in 1934 on the occasion of the celebration of the 25th anniversary of the club. Georg Kunoth's “Kaisermarsch” from 1892 was used as the melody . The text comes from Heinrich Kersten, who was managing director of the association for several years. The original song consists of four stanzas, of which only the first two are usually sung with the chorus. Attached is but one, but one that remains besteh'n: Borussia Dortmund will never untergeh'n!
Since the words Ball Heil Hurra, Borussia appear in the refrain , which reminded of the National Socialist greeting Sieg Heil , the former club management around Gerd Niebaum had this passage replaced with the words Hipp Hipp Hurra, Borussia and integrated two new stanzas. At the general meeting in 2005, the old version was declared an official club song again at the request of the fan department. In 2004 and 2005, when Borussia Dortmund was going through its severe financial crisis, the song was played briefly in the ninth minute of the game at some home games and sung by the fans to the last line in the stadium during the game.
The song “Heja BVB” (sung by Karl-Heinz Bandosz) from 1977 is more popular and better known than “We hold tight and loyal together”. It is intoned right before the start of every home game and is believed by many to be the club song . There are also a number of other fan songs, including “Borussia”, “Olé, Jetzt geht der BVB” (played as a goal anthem in the stadium), “Leucht auf, Borussia”, “ Born on Borsigplatz ” or “ You'll Never Walk Alone” “And the triumphal march from Aida (played when the players walk in to warm up on the pitch), which have also been interpreted by various artists and are regularly played in the stadium.
In 2009 Dieter Falk composed the anniversary hymn "Already for 100 Years", which at the beginning of 2010 was ranked 80th in the German charts in the interpretation of the BVB Century Choir. The master anthem "Our Stolz Borussia" recorded by the band Krypteria in the course of the 2011 championship was the first club anthem ever to reach a single-digit position in the German charts.
14 April 2012 had chants premiere, a production of the opera Dortmund as cooperation between the cultural institutions of the city of Dortmund with private sector sponsors and the club BVB 09. In chants the various aspects of the football cult are illuminated, commerce, personality cult and quasi-religious consideration of Happened on the square on a set interpretation of the famous Dortmund South Stand. In addition to professional actors and singers, there are also specially cast BVB fans in the choir of fans , who give the events on the opera stage a realistic background. The pathos of the opera finds its counterpart in the emotionally charged field of the fan block.
The WDR has titled "curve sounds" Fan chants of Bundesliga clubs from NRW rearranged on August 24, 2015 together with the Radio Orchestra of WDR and published. The BVB anthem "Born on Borsigplatz" by Dortmund butcher and BVB cantor Andy Schade was also recorded with the radio orchestra. In the video, stadium announcer Norbert Dickel is there with a solo part.
Coat of arms history
The club coat of arms was designed and used for the first time in the 1920s. In the years 1976–1978 the coat of arms contained the head of a lion, the logo of the tobacco brand Samson of the company Theodorus Niemeijer , which advertised on the Dortmund jerseys at this time.
Walk of Fame
In 2010 the club inaugurated the BVB Walk of Fame . For the 100th birthday of BVB in 2009, the Dortmund newspaper Ruhr Nachrichten organized the laying of 100 memorial plaques. They commemorate striking events and people from the history of the club and are embedded in the sidewalk, from the place of birth on Borsigplatz to the Westfalenstadion (currently Signal-Iduna-Park).
- 1974–1976: City of Dortmund
- 1976–1978: Samson Tobacco, Cigarette Industry
- 1978–1980: Prestolith (Motip Dupli GmbH), paints and fillers
- 1980-1983: UHU , Klebstoffe
- 1983–1986: Artic, ice cream
- 1986–1997: Continentale , insurance company
- 1997–1999: see Oliver , Mode
- 1999–2005: E.ON , energy company
- since 2006: Evonik , industrial group (no longer in the Bundesliga from the 2020/21 season)
- from 2020/21: 1 & 1 , telecommunications provider (only in the Bundesliga)
Out of gratitude to the city of Dortmund , which had significantly financed the construction of the Westfalenstadion , Borussia appeared for the first time with a jersey advertisement in the 1974/75 season . The word "Dortmund" adorned the back and a circle symbol on the chest with flowers, a soccer ball and the Florian tower . The word “Dortmund” can still be found on all BVB jerseys.
For the first season after promotion , Borussia presented the Dutch tobacco company Samson as a shirt sponsor. In addition to a lion as a mascot, this brought about a change in the club's coat of arms on the jersey. It was now circular with a lion in the middle. On the outside, the sign was surrounded by the words “Borussia Dortmund”. From 1978, however, the coat of arms was replaced by the classic black "BVB 09" on a yellow background.
Most of the Borussia jersey sponsors came from the region. Signal Iduna, as the stadium's namesake, is also a Dortmund company. In particular, the current main sponsor Evonik Industries AG makes use of this local reference to Borussia in its advertising campaigns. The contract with the industrial group guarantees BVB an amount of 10 million euros per year. When the latter renamed itself from “RAG” in 2007, only an exclamation mark by the artist Otmar Alt was temporarily visible on the Westphalian's chest. At the beginning of 2012, the sponsorship agreement with Evonik was extended to 2016. The contract was extended further until 2025 in 2014. At the same time, Evonik became a shareholder in BVB at this point in time.
For the 2020/21 season, BVB started playing with two shirt sponsors for the first time. For example, the mobile communications company 1 & 1 will decorate the club's jersey at Bundesliga games in the future, while Evonik will remain on the jerseys in all national and international cup competitions or in friendly and friendly matches. The contract with 1 & 1 is initially valid until June 2025.
At the end of November 2019, the contract period originally valid until 2022 with the Franconian company was extended ahead of time to 2028.
- The shipping company Rudolf Schepers from Haren (Ems) has named one of its Limassol- based container ships MS Borussia Dortmund and painted it in black and yellow - black the hull, yellow the superstructure and the ship's name.
- From 1995 to 1999, Deutsche Post issued a series of stamps in honor of the respective German master. The first two issues were dedicated to Borussia Dortmund.
- On December 21, 2018, BVB played its Bundesliga home game with special jerseys. The sponsor's logo was replaced by the words “Thank You Kumpel”, as a tribute to the end of coal mining in Germany after the closure of the last Prosper-Haniel mine in Bottrop .
- In 2019, the Federal Minister of Defense honored Borussia Dortmund with the Bundeswehr and Society award in the clubs category. The club had provided hundreds of free tickets for members of the armed forces and invited children from military families to run into the stadium with the professionals.
- On December 7, 2019, on the occasion of the 110th birthday of BVB, which was celebrated on December 19, the team played their Bundesliga home game with special jerseys. The completely black playing attire, on which only the back print and the number on the trousers were shown in silver, should celebrate the “inseparable bond with the home region” of Dortmund under the motto “Coal & Steel - Deeply rooted in our homeland”. The dress was limited to 9,009 units and sold out on the same day.
- Borussia Dortmund II
- List of Borussia Dortmund football players
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