1. FC Nuremberg
|1. FC Nuremberg|
|Surname||1. Football Club Nuremberg,
Association for physical exercises e. V.
|Seat||Nuremberg , Bavaria|
|founding||May 4th 1900|
|Colours||Red and white|
|Members||24,284 (August 24, 2020)|
Dieter Hecking (Sports)
Niels Rossow (Commercial Director)
|Head coach||Robert Klauss|
|Venue||Max Morlock Stadium|
The 1. Football Club Nuremberg, Association for physical exercises e. V. , commonly known as 1. FC Nürnberg (for short: 1. FCN, Der Club or Franconian Der Glubb ), is a football club from Nuremberg that was founded on May 4th 1900. With nine championship wins and four titles in the DFB Cup, the founding member of the Bundesliga is one of the most successful clubs in the country. As one of the last representatives in German professional football, the club succeeds in organizing its gaming operations without outsourcing the competitive football area into a corporation, but as a member-managed, registered club , as always . The club has almost 24,300 members (as of August 24, 2020), making it the largest club in Nuremberg and Franconia and one of the 25 largest sports clubs in Germany . The club colors are red and white, while the traditional playing attire is wine red and black.
Until 1995, the 1. Football Club Nuremberg, Verein für Leibesübungen e. V. also operated other sports in addition to football. Since then, the former departments have been independent clubs which, like the soccer club, belonged to the 1. FCN Dachverein e. V. belong. However, all club departments continue to bear the designation 1. FC Nürnberg in the club name: Box-Club 1. FC Nürnberg , 1. FC Nürnberg women's and girls' football , 1. FC Nürnberg handball 2009 , chess, hockey, 1. FCN roller and ice sports , 1. FCN Swimming , 1. FCN Ski and Tennis Club 1. FC Nuremberg . Among the most successful teams are the handball women with twelve German championships, two cup wins and one European cup victory, but they went bankrupt in 2009 and have only played in the Bavarian League since then. In the past there was also a successful athletics department .
With nine championships and then three cup victories was Club both to 1987 over 64 years German record champions and to 1969 for 34 years German record cup winner before each of his FC Bayern München replaced. Since then, 1. FC Nürnberg has been referred to as the “ elevator team ” because the club has not succeeded in establishing itself in a league on a permanent basis; he descended and ascended repeatedly. After the last four years in the second division, 1. FC Nürnberg played in the Bundesliga again in 2018 ; In their all-time table he is in 14th place. In 2019, the club was relegated from the 1st Bundesliga for the ninth time, making it the league's record relegation. The club last won a national title in 2007 with the DFB Cup .
The home games are played in the Max-Morlock-Stadion, which holds 50,000 spectators. The training area is located around one kilometer from the stadium on Valznerweiher in the Zerzabelshof district of Nuremberg .
From the foundation to the top German club
|Seasonal balances 1905–1918|
1905/06: Gau Nordbayern
1906 / 07–1909 / 10: District League
1910 / 11–1913 / 14: Eastern District League
1914/15: Eastern District Championship not held
1915/16: Gau Middle Franconia
1916/17: District League
1. FC Nürnberg was founded in May 1900 by 18 high school students as a rugby club. However, since 30 players are required for this, it was decided in June 1901 to play football according to the rules of the English Football Association . On September 29, 1901, the first official game against another football club took place in Bamberg against 1. FC 01 Bamberg . Nuremberg won 2-0. At the first home game on Deutschherrnwiese an der Pegnitz in 1901, 1. FC Bamberg was the opponent, who was defeated 5-1 on October 20. On November 6th there was the first defeat in the club's history, a 6-0 defeat against FC Bayern Munich . From this point onwards, the players tried to get regular and serious training under the guidance of their teammate Fritz Servas from Berlin. From 1904, 1. FC Nürnberg took part in the regular game operations organized for the first time within the city and in 1905/06 was one of the founding members of the Northern Bavaria District League , which was the top division until 1909.
1. FC Nürnberg finished the first season in first place. In 1906/07 Nuremberg won the final of the Eastern District Championship against MTV Munich in 1879 , making it Bavarian champions for the first time. The FCN repeated this success in 1907/08 and 1908/09 . In view of the dominance in Bavaria in those years, the 1. FCN began to be referred to only as a club . However, it was not yet enough to achieve great success in Germany.
Since February 1908, the footballers of the FCN in Schweinau played on a small sports field on Maiachstrasse , which had a small wooden stand and was otherwise surrounded by spectator walls. In 1910 the club provided its first national player, Ludwig "Fips" Philipp . In the same year, the South German Football Association reorganized the game operations and founded four leagues: North (Hesse), West (Palatinate), South (today's Baden-Württemberg) and East (Bavaria). The Nürnberger met other strong opponents and had to get used to not being automatically first. Instead, local rivals SpVgg Fürth outstripped FCN as three-time East District champions from 1912 to the 1914 South German soccer championship. The neighbor had a modern stadium and was the largest sports club with 3000 members. 1. FC Nürnberg therefore invested in a football stadium. On August 24, 1913, the club opened its sports facility in the Nuremberg suburb of Zerzabelshof , which was later only called Zabo . The stadium itself held 8,000 spectators.
After the outbreak of World War I , there were no more finals for the German championship . Thus the southern German championship in 1915/16, which 1. FC Nürnberg won against FC Pfalz Ludwigshafen with a 4-1 victory, meant the highest possible title win at the time. The later master players Gustav Bark , Anton Kugler , Carl Riegel and Heiner Träger contributed to the achievement of "Iron Football" . The team repeated the success two years later.
The Roaring Twenties
|Seasonal balances 1918–1930|
green: win the German championship
1918 / 19–1920 / 21: district league
1921/22: district league group 1
1922/23: district league
1923 / 24–1926 / 27: Bayern
league 1927 / 28–1929 / 30: district league
After the end of the First World War, 1. FC Nürnberg started the most successful decade in the club's history. The trigger was a guest appearance by the Hungarian top club MTK Budapest FC on July 22, 1919. As a result, left winger Péter Szabó and center forward Alfréd Spezi Schaffer stayed in Nuremberg. Schaffer also took over the training and refined the already good Nuremberg soccer game with Hungarian finesse. The club won the South German Cup in 1919 and dominated its league at will with 115: 6 goals from 18 games. After winning the South German championship in 1920, Alfred Schaffer moved on. But even without Schaffer, the Nürnberger could not be stopped in the final round of the German championship in 1920 . Without conceding, they made it to the final against SpVgg Fürth and won the first championship title with a 2-0 goal from Luitpold Popp and Péter Szabó.
This success could be repeated in the following year. The FCN had strengthened itself with the Fürth Hans Sutor and hired a professional trainer especially for the 1921 finals with the Hungarian Izidor "Dori" Kürschner . Without conceding a goal, the club reached the final against Vorwärts 90 Berlin . Three hits from Luitpold Popp and two hits from Heiner Träger resulted in a sovereign 5: 0 and the title defense.
In 1922 the club went into the finals as a huge favorite. In the final of the German championship in 1922 , Hans Sutor and the brilliant middle runner Hans Kalb were absent due to injury. The latter was not only the captain, but also the driver of the game, which the saying "Club without a calf - half!" Expressed. After more than 180 minutes it was only 2: 2 against Hamburger SV . The game was abandoned and rerun on August 6th. When the Nürnberger were only seven players on the field due to two dismissals against Willy Böß and Heiner Träger and injuries to Anton Kugler and Luitpold Popp , this final game was also canceled after 105 minutes when the score was 1-1. HSV was later declared champions, but officially renounced the title.
HSV won the title in 1923; the final round in 1924 finally led to the new edition of the endless final of 1922. The club had meanwhile strengthened itself with the ex-Fürth Hans "Bumbes" Schmidt in the defense and Georg Hochgesang as a new striker. The club won the final against HSV 2-0. In the final round, the team was so brilliant that the specialist football magazine ruled: "Never has a participant in the final round won more deservedly than ... 1. FCN."
At the international level, the players of 1. FCN and SpVgg Fürth dominated the German national team this year. Both the game against Austria on January 13th (4-3 win) and the away game against the Netherlands on April 21st in Amsterdam (1-0 win) consisted of only players from SpVgg and the club . In view of the competition from Fürth, another title defense was not a sure-fire success. Nevertheless, they prevailed again in the league, but only finished second behind VfR Mannheim in the final round of the southern German championship . But in the final round in 1925 the club prevailed against all opponents and finally beat FSV Frankfurt in the final . With this fourth championship, Nuremberg were the sole record champions ahead of VfB Leipzig .
The successful club eleven entered a phase of upheaval. Some master players like Carl Riegel and Hans Sutor subsequently ended their careers or, like Wolfgang Strobel and Anton Kugler, had passed their zenith. In 1926 1. FC Nürnberg missed the finals. The club drew the consequences from the disappointing performance and engaged in the summer of 1926 with the Englishman Fred "Spiegelei" Spiksley a professional coach. This successfully integrated young players such as right winger Baptist Reinmann and center forward Seppl Schmitt as well as the former reserve players Georg Winter and Emil Köpplinger in the first team. The newly formed team won the Ostkreisliga just as confidently as the southern German championship, and in the final round of the German championship in 1927 , neither Hamburger SV nor 1860 Munich could prevent entry into the final against the Berlin club Hertha BSC , which the club won 2-0 .
The end of his career after winning the championship heralded the slow end of the Roaring Twenties for the FCN. In 1928 , FC Bayern Munich became champions in the east and south of Germany. The team was able to compensate for the move from Georg Hochgesang to Fortuna Düsseldorf after the weak phase in 1928, but with the aging greats such as goalkeeper legend Stuhlfauth, captain Kalb and defender Popp, it was only enough for the semi-finals in the 1929 finals , which were lost to Hertha BSC. The final in Nuremberg was won by the neighbors from Fürth. 1929/30 was then again against Berlin Hertha in the semifinals last stop (3: 6).
The 1920s are still the most successful era in club history. Five of the nine championships could be won during this time. Only the neighbors of SpVgg Fürth and Hamburger SV in the north were able to successfully compete with the club in the wrestling for the German championship. At times, Nuremberg provided half of the German national team, which with goalkeeper Heiner Stuhlfauth and captain Hans Kalb had two of their most important supports at FCN. The game culture of the FCN was one of the reasons why football pioneer Walther Bensemann relocated the editorial team of his football magazine kicker to Nuremberg, where he maintained friendly contacts with numerous club sizes. Bensemann commented on the aforementioned end against Hertha BSC in 1930: "I'm afraid that the seven fat years will be followed by seven lean ones."
The 1930s and World War II
|Seasonal balances 1930–1945|
green: win the German championship
blue: Tschammer Cup victory (the final in 1935 was already in the
1935/36 Gauliga season)
1930 / 31–1932 / 33: district league
1933 / 34–1941 / 42: Gauliga Bayern
1942 / 43–1943 / 44: Gauliga Nordbayern
1944/45: Gauliga Bayern / Middle Franconia; Season not ended
Walther Bensemann's prophecy initially came true. It was not until 1932 that they took part in the finals again, but the semi-finals against FC Bayern Munich ended. A year later, the record champions ended in the final round of the southern German championship. The political developments were far more important than the 1. FCN's weak sporting phase. The city of Nuremberg played a central role in the rise of the NSDAP under Adolf Hitler . In 1927, the Nazis held their there Reichsparteitage , at the same time there the Nazi paper appeared The striker . After the semi-final of the club in 1932, the same agitated against its Jewish coach Jenő Konrád : “Club! Reflect and wake up. Give your trainer a ticket to Jerusalem! ”Konrad and his family fled to Vienna before they came to power . In the autumn of 1932, Vice President Karl Müller regretted Konrad as "an impeccable person who had been done bitter injustice." A few months later, on April 27, 1933 and thus a few months before the associations were officially brought into line in July 1933, the association made a decision to exclude all Jewish members belonging to him with effect from May 1st, see also the Stuttgart Declaration (1933) . The second chairman, Karl Müller, who was also the new president from May 1935, ensured that the decision, which did not affect any of the first-team players, was implemented.
The new Reich Sports Leader Hans von Tschammer und Osten ordered a reorganization of the league system. The 1933/34 season began nationwide with 16 Gauligen. For the Bavarian clubs this meant a return to the Eastern District League, which was abolished in 1927. Although this decision was politically motivated, it meant an improvement from a sporting point of view, as clubs of equal value faced each other in the league games. For the footballers of the 1. FCN, this marked the start of four excellent years from a sporting point of view. Under the old teacher Alfréd Schaffer as coach, a new successful team was built up, which with striker Seppl Schmitt and defender Luitpold Popp only two champions from 1927 belonged. In goal, in particular, Georg Köhl had succeeded in replacing the great Heiner Stuhlfauth as well as Heinz Carolin in the middle runner position Hans Kalb. In addition, there were defender Willi Billmann , midfielders Richard Oehm and Hans Uebelein and, in the attack, Karl Gußner , Georg Friedel and Max Eiberger . The FCN moved into the final of the German championship against FC Schalke 04 . The 2: 1 for Schalke meant the first DM final defeat in the history of the club .
The following year the club was able to return the favor in a new competition. The premiere of the new club cup, the so-called Tschammer-Pokal , won the FCN in the final against FC Schalke 04. Eiberger and “Schalke-Schreck” Friedel scored a 2-0 win. This was the first big title since 1927 and the German champions of 1934 and 1935 were defeated.
The 1935 cup final took place in the middle of the 1935/36 season. It took only 7½ months until the team won the 1936 championship final against Fortuna Düsseldorf with 2-1 after extra time after winning the 1935 Cup. From the golden twenties only Seppl Schmitt remained as a player in the championship team from 1927.
In autumn 1936 Gyuri Orth took over the training. Under his guidance, the club moved into the final of the German championship in 1937 . Against the Schalke team, trained by the former club master player Hans “Bumbes” Schmidt, the club had little chance and in the end deservedly lost 2-0. This lost final was followed by worse times for the spoiled Nuremberg team. At the DM finals in 1938 was the final destination after the group games, and in the 1938/39 season the FCN only finished fifth in the Gauliga.
The new coach Alv Riemke successfully organized another upheaval. Young players like Alfred Pfänder im Sturm or Wilhelm Sold as a middle runner moved up. In the Tschammer Cup, the 1939 round of which was extended to 1940 due to the war, it was very successful for the club . Led by the outstanding middle runner Sold, 1. FC Nürnberg won the final of the 1939 Cup in April 1940 against SV Waldhof Mannheim 2-0.
Six months later, the club was again in the cup final, but changed at a crucial point. Middle runner Pay had moved to Saarbrücken, his place was taken by George Kennemann. The balanced final of the Cup round in 1940 against Dresdner SC directed by Helmut Schoen lost the club in extra time. For Nuremberg this should be the last final game for the next eight years.
During the Second World War , regular game operations continued, but given the large number of soldiers in the teams, this was increasingly taking place under irregular conditions. Hans “Bumbes” Schmidt, who was again in charge of training, was relatively successful in his efforts not only to pull the club players away from the army for games, but to lure good players from all over Germany to Nuremberg. Nevertheless, there were no major successes and audience interest decreased. The division of the Gauliga Bayern into a north and a south group contributed to this. The last highlight before the end of the Second World War was reaching the semi-finals in the final round of the German championship in 1944 . As in 1940 at the cup final, the Dresdner SC was the end of the line. At that time, the club complained with Alfred Pfänder, who was missing at Stalingrad , and goalkeeper Georg Köhl, two regular players who had already died. The 1944/45 season was not played to the end. The stadium and club grounds in Zerzabelshof had long been destroyed in a bombing raid when the 149th derby against SpVgg Fürth on February 2, 1945 was the last game before the end of the war.
At an event on January 22, 2013, in the presence of Jenö Konrad's daughter, all club exclusions according to the Nazi “ Aryan Paragraph ” issued in 1933 were symbolically canceled. Manager Martin Bader, who opened the event, awarded Jenö Konrad post mortem honorary membership and accepted the application from daughter Evelyn.
Number one in the Oberliga Süd
|Seasonal balance sheets 1945–1963|
green: winning the German championship
blue: DFB Cup victory
In the years between the end of World War II and the founding of the Bundesliga in 1963, 1. FC Nürnberg belonged uninterruptedly to the top class at that time, the five-track Oberliga, in the southern season. With the Oberliga Süd , which was established in 1945 , a national merger of the top southern German clubs from Bavaria, Württemberg-Baden and Hesse was achieved for the first time. 1. FC Nürnberg ranks first in the all-time league table of the Oberliga Süd, and in 1947 and 1948, as champions of the league, they also became American zone champions . Nevertheless, the club did not manage to build on the glory days of the 1920s during these years. Between the first post-war championship in 1948 and the next title win in 1961 lie relatively lean years in the 1950s. Even a Max Morlock in his own ranks, at that time one of the best attackers in Germany, and a very continuous coaching work were no guarantees for automatic success. Franz "Bimbo" Binder was the coach from 1955 to 1960 alone. Nuremberg mainly relied on players from Franconia. At the championship in 1948, with the exception of goalkeeper Eduard "Edi" Schaffer, all players came from Franconia.
And in 1961, most of the players on whom Binder's successor Herbert Widmayer relied on came from their own youth: Stefan “Steff” Reisch , Kurt Haseneder , Karl-Heinz Ferschl , Horst Leupold and Heinz Strehl and, of course, Senior Morlock as a true Nuremberg native .
The young Nuremberg team also caused a sensation when they took part in the European Cup for the first time . In the quarterfinals, the team failed to Benfica Lisbon to star player Eusébio ; The 3-1 first leg win is still one of the highlights of the club's history. In the second leg, however, the team went down 6-0. The club team could not defend the championship in the 1962 final against 1. FC Köln . But three months later, the team won Niedersachsenstadion of Hannover the German Cup in 1962 against Fortuna Dusseldorf from.
1. FC Nürnberg managed to qualify for the newly founded Bundesliga with ease. 1963 ended for 1. FC Nürnberg in the Oberliga Süd. In the 18 years of its existence, the club collected a total of 739: 381 points and scored 1348: 754 goals. He leads the league's all-time table.
From the foundation of the Bundesliga to the first relegation
|Seasonal balance sheets 1963–1969|
|green: win the German championship|
The club management of 1. FC Nürnberg was skeptical about the establishment of the Bundesliga and the introduction of professionalism. “Profitism does not fit the structure of our clubs any more than journalism does horse stealing”, was a comment from the board. Nevertheless, after the successes they had immediately before, Nuremberg hoped to play a good role in the league. The first four Bundesliga seasons were not very successful for the club . Two sixth places were the best results the team achieved. After all, they qualified for the trade fair trophy , the forerunner of the UEFA Cup . But the club was eliminated in the first round. 1. FCN also recorded the first coach dismissal in Bundesliga history when Widmayer had to leave in 1963.
With the sale of the club's own stadium in Zerzabelshof, the club's management financed the construction of a modern training ground at the Valznerweiher in the immediate vicinity of the new venue, the municipal stadium built in 1928 . The association thus ensured long-term professional training conditions. At the same time, it became clear that the championship players of 1961 alone were no guarantee of success in the Bundesliga. In addition, the great integration figure Max Morlock had ended his career in 1964. Initially, there was no leader. After several transfers such as the obligations of Georg Volkert and above all Franz Brungs , Zvezdan Čebinac and August Starek , the only championship in the Bundesliga so far succeeded in 1968 under coach Max Merkel . This was also a result of team unity and a well-rehearsed team. Only fifteen players played for the club in the Bundesliga this season . At the same time, this championship was the last title of 1. FC Nürnberg in football until the cup victory in 2007.
In 1968 there was also an international success when 1. FC Nürnberg (together with 13 other teams) won the Intertoto Cup . In a group with RSC Anderlecht and Inter Milan , the club won all games except for a draw against the Belgians. The tournament at the time was more like a test series than a European Cup.
In the following season, the club was relegated as defending champion from the Bundesliga, which is still unique in the Bundesliga today. The blame is usually found in Max Merkel's great player upheaval, who gave up ten players before the 1968/69 season , including master players such as Ferschl, Starek and striker Brungs. With the new signings Merkel wanted to make the club competitive for the European Cup. Instead, the FCN was eliminated in the first round of the European Cup . Other reasons were an unprecedented performance density in the course of the 1968/69 season. Nürnberg as relegated landed only nine points behind runner-up Aachen. However, defender Wenauer claims unproven that goalkeeper Rynio was bribed on the penultimate match day in a 2-2 draw against Dortmund, who were also threatened with relegation:
"It is known that Borussia Dortmund bought our goalkeeper Jürgen Rynio, who in the game of fate, the 2-2 draw against Dortmund, let at least one goal that was probably tenable."
The relegation was disastrous not only from a sporting, but also from a financial point of view. Because with the construction of the training area, inaugurated on October 31, 1968, the club had borrowed in the hope of lucrative income in the Bundesliga and European Cup. 1. FC Nürnberg went into second class with the most modern training facilities in Europe; However, the financial means were lacking for sporting reinforcements.
Nine years in second class
|Seasonal balances 1969–1978|
|orange: regional league; from 1974/75 2nd Bundesliga|
After only six years of membership in the Bundesliga, the German record champions had to compete in regional football again. At that time, the second-class substructure of the Bundesliga was made up of five regional leagues (south, southwest, west, north, Berlin), with the regional league south comprising the area of the former Oberliga Süd. The sporting descent meant meeting many well-known opponents from the league times such as SpVgg Fürth and FC Schweinfurt, Karlsruher SC and VfR Mannheim. As mentioned, the club was under heavy financial strain and the completely unexpected relegation hit the management hard. President Walter Luther had to deal with the problem of financing the resurgence instead of leading the association to European successes as planned. After the first two years in the regional league, Luther was replaced by the handball player Hans Ehrt, who reduced the mountain of debt from six million D-Marks by two million DM during his tenure until 1977.
In the second division, the club missed the possible return to the Bundesliga several times. With Dieter Nüssing , Kurt Geinzer and Slobodan Petrović, the team had a mid-field with Bundesliga format in the mid-1970s, and with Hans Walitza a more accurate attacker was available, but even the continuous training work of Hans Tilkowski from 1973 to 1976 was only enough for participation in the promotion round and ultimately for the qualification for the 1974 founded (at that time divided into a north and a south group with 20 teams each) 2. Bundesliga . There the club even fell behind Franconian competitors such as Bayern Hof and FC Schweinfurt 05 for some time. After eight years of being in second class, the audience also gave up. The last home game of the 1976/77 season saw only 1743 spectators, which set the club's record low. Without its top performers Nüssing, Geinzer, Pechthold and Hannakampf, the club went into the 1977/78 season without great ambitions , but at the end of this season , of all times , the long-awaited return to the football club succeeded. From the youth that was founded in 1974 for the first time German youth champion, is promising talents like had Norbert Eder , Bertram Beierlorzer , Horst Weyerich , Peter Stocker and Reinhold Schöll developed, together with the remaining veterans, first under coach Horst Buhtz and then Werner Kern the rise realized.
Elevator team instead of European Cup
|Seasonal balances 1978–1994|
|orange: 2nd Bundesliga|
After the long second division came to an end in 1979, he was relegated from the Bundesliga again and in 1980 he was immediately promoted again. The record champions began to become an elevator team. In the first era of President Michael A. Roth , who succeeded Lothar Schmechtig in 1979 , he planned to return to the top of the Bundesliga. But the concept with old stars like Rudolf Kargus , Manfred Burgsmüller and Rüdiger Abramczik did not work. Players came and went, and the club wore out ten coaches in four seasons. Only the lost DFB Cup final in 1982 brought officials and fans a brief reminder of earlier times. Instead of the planned international business, the relegation followed in 1983/84 after a catastrophic season without any away point.
President Roth threw in the towel and was replaced by Gerd Schmelzer . After all, the club was largely debt-free at this point. Schmelzer extended with relegation coach Heinz Höher . The following second division season was the turning point. When experienced players such as Udo Horsmann and Rudi Kargus refused to work with coach Höher in October 1984 , they were dismissed. Around young players such as Hans Dorfner , Dieter Eckstein , Roland Grahammer and Stefan Reuter , the team known as the Club Foals was formed , which not only managed to get promoted immediately, but also qualified for the UEFA Cup in the 1987/88 season as fifth in the table . In addition to the heroes of the promotion, the players who were added later, such as Joachim Philipkowski and Anders Giske in defense, Manfred Schwabl in midfield, Jørn Andersen as a striker and finally Andreas Köpke in goal, were essential guarantees of success. The years from 1985 to 1988 were one of the few phases in recent club history in which the coach, president and team could work in a quiet environment.
Parallel to the sporting success, the club presidium around President Schmelzer and Treasurer Böbel began to implement his “Club 2000” concept. This not only envisaged establishing the team in the top class, but also building a new stadium, renovating the club's premises and securing the future of the club by leasing a property on the club's premises to a hotel chain. The costs for the modernization of the stadium and training grounds, an unskillful transfer policy and finally tax evasion and referee bribery led the club back to the 2nd Bundesliga until 1994 and shortly before financial ruin. Only the parades of national goalkeeper Andreas Köpke prevented an earlier crash. Seventh place in the table in 1991/92 under Willi Entenmann was only a short-term success. The new presidium around Sven Oberhof, Schmelzer's successor, bought him dearly with high transfer fees for the returnees Dorfner, Eckstein and Zárate . After this season the service providers had to be given up. When the debt level finally reached a new record of 23 million D-Marks, it was not only Oberhof's term of office that was over within a short time. His treasurer had Böbel for embezzlement of club funds and tax evasion, both into prison. The new president Gerhard Voack did nothing to bring the association to rest. Although the squad of the 1993/94 season was thanks to the return of Zarates, Golkes and Schwabls and the commitment of Alain Sutter and Luboš Kubík as competitive. Voack first sold the crowd favorite Eckstein and then dismissed coach Entenmann after a 2-0 win over Bayern Munich. The season finale with the phantom goal in the game at Bayern Munich brought the fourth relegation. This ended the longest uninterrupted membership in the Bundesliga for 1. FC Nürnberg.
From the regional league to winning the DFB Cup
|Seasonal balances 1994-2007|
orange: 2nd Bundesliga
yellow: third-rate Regionalliga Süd
blue: DFB Cup victory
After Voack's resignation and a brief interlude by Georg Haas as club president, Michael A. Roth returned to the office of president in October 1994 (officially in March 1995). He initially pushed through his plan to turn 1. FC Nuremberg into an umbrella organization to which the previous departments belong as independent clubs. In doing so, he separated the financial risks of professional football from the other departments. At the same time, thanks to long-term advertising contracts for his carpet company and personal guarantees, he succeeded in reducing the debt to 11.6 million D-Marks by October 1995 and protecting the association from a license withdrawal. The meanwhile low point of relegation to the third-class Regionalliga Süd became a turning point.
Financially better positioned, he was immediately promoted back to the 2nd Bundesliga under coach Willi Entenmann. With Felix Magath as trainer, the march through the 2nd Bundesliga to the Bundesliga was successful. Magath threw in the towel before the start of the season, and his successor Willi Reimann only stayed briefly. Under Friedel Rausch and with returnees Andreas Köpke, the club missed relegation in the dramatic finale of the 1998/99 season only because of the lower number of goals scored. The 1. FC Nürnberg now commuted as a typical elevator team between the first and second division. However, the association no longer relied on Hau-Jerk actions, but put financial solidity before forced success. With coach Klaus Augenthaler and a team with young talents such as David Jarolím , Nils-Eric Johansson and Frank Wiblishauser , the promotion succeeded two years later .
The league's annual change since 1996 has now become a two-year cycle. The promoted team managed to stay up in 2001/02 , but in the following season neither Klaus Augenthaler nor his successor Wolfgang Wolf , who was committed shortly before the end of the season, prevented the sixth relegation. Of five players from the former Yugoslavia, only the returnees Saša Ćirić had proven the necessary class.
Despite the renewed early release of a coach, 1. FC Nürnberg was much more concerned with continuity. After all, the Augenthaler / Geenen duo had been in charge of the sport for almost three years, and his successor Wolf , at two and a half years, was to have a long term in office by Nuremberg standards. He succeeded with a team, which he strengthened together with sports director Martin Bader by mostly little-known players, the promotion and then the relegation. Especially the Slovak duo Marek Mintál and Róbert Vittek turned out to be an absolute stroke of luck. Mintál managed the feat of becoming top scorer in both the 2nd Bundesliga and the Bundesliga.
In the 2005/06 season , thanks to relegation again, 1. FC Nürnberg played three seasons in a row in the same division for the first time since the early 1990s. The new coach Hans Meyer made this success possible . After he had taken over the bottom of the table on matchday 13, he managed to stabilize the team and still lead to a non-relegation place in the preliminary round. Thanks to the blossoming storm around Róbert Vittek, who scored 16 goals in the second half of the season, Iwan Sajenko and Stefan Kießling , Nuremberg became the fourth best team in the second half of the season.
After the season most of the regular players stayed with the club. Only public favorite Stefan Kießling left the club for a transfer fee of 5 million euros. With this transfer, the club had finally achieved a solid financial basis again after this season and was able to announce a spectacular new addition in the captain of the Czech national team, Tomáš Galásek from Ajax Amsterdam . 2006/07 the team under Meyer was able to seamlessly build on the previous season. At the end of the season, 1. FC Nürnberg was in sixth place. Even more important was winning the 2006/07 DFB Cup . This meant the first national title since 1968 and qualification for the UEFA Cup , as well as for the first time in the club's history for the DFL League Cup .
Renewed relegation, direct promotion and five years in the Bundesliga (2007-2014)
|Seasonal balances 2007–2014|
|orange: 2nd Bundesliga|
The DFB Cup win and the subsequent good games in the 2007/08 UEFA Cup , in which the round of 32 was reached, were only a short flight of highs. Although the core of the cup winning team remained in Nuremberg with the exception of regular goalkeeper Raphael Schäfer and attacker Markus Schroth and the team had been strengthened with players such as Angelos Charisteas , Zvjezdan Misimović and Peer Kluge , things did not go to the first half of the 2007/08 season . After a failed start in the second half, coach Hans Meyer was dismissed. But even his successor Thomas von Heesen could not prevent the relegation, which was certain after the last game day. In addition to bad luck with injuries, the league's worst exploitation of chances by far was the main reason for the seventh Bundesliga relegation in the club's history. There were also two non-sporting incidents during the season: The game at Eintracht Frankfurt was interrupted because Nuremberg fans had thrown fireworks on the field; the following home game against VfL Wolfsburg was the first game in Bundesliga history to be canceled due to heavy rain.
For the following second division season 2008/09 , the club planned to achieve immediate promotion with experienced Bundesliga players. After the income from the cup win and the UEFA Cup games had made it debt-free, they now raised a 17.8 million euro budget that would not have been possible for more than one season. However, the concept only partially worked. After the second match day, Thomas von Heesen announced his resignation as head coach on August 28, 2008 after internal criticism. His successor was his kotrainer Michael Oenning . After a weak start to the season, Nuremberg reached third place in the table thanks to a team in which many young players were used , entitling them to two relegation games against the sixteenth of the Bundesliga, Energie Cottbus . In these games, the club was able to prevail 3-0 and 2-0, which brought the return to the first division. In addition, Marek Mintál was again top scorer with 16 goals, and Raphael Schäfer survived 945 minutes without a home goal, which meant a new record for the 2nd Bundesliga. Financially, the second division year had caused a deficit of 5.8 million euros after taxes, including 1.2 million euros in bank debt.
Eight days after the successful promotion, President Michael A. Roth resigned from office after 14 years with immediate effect. His successor was initially provisional Franz Schäfer, who was confirmed in office by the general meeting on October 13, 2009. On the same day, a change in the statutes was made at the general assembly, which means that since October 2010 there has been no honorary president, but a full-time executive committee.
In the 2009/10 season Nuremberg started with the hardly changed promotion squad; but without top performers Stefan Reinartz. Since the club finished the first half of the season in penultimate place, Michael Oenning was sacked on December 21, 2009. His successor was Dieter Hecking . Several players were loaned as reinforcements, such as Bayern Andreas Ottl and Breno ; in the end the club reached 16th place in the table. In the new relegation games, 1. FC Nürnberg secured relegation with two wins over FC Augsburg (1-0 and 2-0).
On October 7, 2010, the constitutional reform that had been resolved a year earlier came into force. The previous Presidium around Franz Schäfer was dissolved; A full-time executive board with members Martin Bader and Ralf Woy, who until then had been full-time vice-presidents, took its place. At the same time, the Supervisory Board was enlarged from six to nine members.
For the 2010/11 season , the club again relied on numerous loan players. As a firm commitment, however, Timmy Simons should ensure more stability. The triangle made up of İlkay Gündoğan , Mehmet Ekici and Julian Schieber was particularly noticeable, and played a decisive role in the fact that 1. FCN secured relegation early on and ended the season in sixth place. In addition to the offensive trio, the long-time audience favorites Mintál and Wolf also left the club at the end of the season, so that another major change was imminent.
In the following season 2011/12 , the club relied less on loan players. Instead, he paid striker Tomáš Pekhart a € 2 million transfer fee. Although the team had some difficulties with the many changes, in the end rank 10 and relegation after the 32nd matchday meant another great success. During the entire season, the club was never on a direct relegation point, only twice they found themselves on the relegation place 16 at the end of a game day. After the season, Bayer 04 Leverkusen paid seven million euros for defender Philipp Wollscheid , the highest sum ever paid for a Nuremberg resident.
The preliminary round of the 2012/13 season concluded with the Japanese international Hiroshi Kiyotake , Timo Gebhart and loan player Sebastian Polter , after a changeable course, in 14th place and eight points ahead of the relegation place. During the winter break, however, coach Hecking moved to league rivals VfL Wolfsburg for a transfer fee . Shortly thereafter, the previous U23 coach Michael Wiesinger and the previous Kotrainer Armin Reutershahn were the new coaching team . The second half of the season went well for the club for the most part; However, a home defeat against Fürth was bitter for the fans. On the last day of the match, the Franks improved by three places thanks to a 3-2 win over Werder Bremen and ended the season in tenth place as in the previous year. A total of 44 points had been won in the season.
After the top performer Timmy Simons left shortly before the start of the 2013/14 season , the season was not very successful. After five points from the first eight games and a 5-0 home defeat against HSV, Wiesinger and Reutershahn were on leave and replaced by the Dutchman Gertjan Verbeek . Under him, the club soon played more attractively, but not more successfully. During the winter break, the club had two new negative records to report: 1. FC Nürnberg was the first team in the history of the Bundesliga to not win a single first round match, but to draw a total of eleven. This resulted in the penultimate place in the table in the half of the season. The start of the second half went much better. Nuremberg scored twelve points in the first five games; however, Timothy Chandler and Daniel Ginczek, two of the strongest players, suffered long-term injuries. Probably also because there were further injuries, the Franks were only able to collect three points for the rest of the season and were relegated to the bottom of the table after five years of first class.
Present (since 2014)
|Seasonal balances since 2014|
|orange: 2nd Bundesliga|
For the new 2014/15 second division season there was a complete upheaval at the club. Almost all regular players from the previous first division season left the club. The most expensive exit was Josip Drmic , who moved to Bayer Leverkusen for 6.8 million euros. Together with the new head coach Valérien Ismaël , Martin Bader bought a new team. This ragged team could not meet the expectations of the fans from the start. Negative highlights were a 1: 5 defeat on the second match day in the derby at Greuther Fürth and a 0: 3 defeat at Karlsruher SC , as a result of which the fans who traveled with them asked the players to hand in their jerseys, as they were not worthy of their opinion were to wear this. After a 2-1 defeat at SV Sandhausen on matchday 13, the club ended their cooperation with Ismaël and the Swiss René Weiler was signed. With him you reached ninth place at the end of the season.
The following season should be much more successful. With the help of the top performers Guido Burgstaller (13 goals, 9 assists) and Niclas Füllkrug (14 goals, 6 assists), they achieved third place behind Freiburg and Leipzig with 65 points, thus securing participation in the relegation . However, this was lost against Eintracht Frankfurt with 1: 1 in the first leg and 0: 1 in the second leg and thus they stayed in the 2nd Bundesliga.
Before the start of the 2015/16 season, the Belgian first division club RSC Anderlecht secured the services of coach Weiler. When looking for a new head coach, they found what they were looking for at the league competitor from Sandhausen and signed Alois Schwartz . A disappointing season followed, in which the only bright spot in Nuremberg, Guido Burgstaller (14 goals in 16 games), was bought away by the first division club Schalke 04 during the winter break . On March 5, 2017, they also lost in the Frankenderby in Fürth after a disastrous performance with 0: 1, whereupon Schwartz had to pack his things and the previous U21 coach Michael Köllner took over the professional team. With him they reached a disappointing twelfth place at the end of the season and even ended up behind the derby competitor from Fürth (8th place), who was ahead of 1. FC Nürnberg for the first time in 64 years at the end of a season.
In the season 2017/18 it went much better for the club. Especially Hanno Behrens and Mikael Ishak were able to convince with 14 and 12 goals respectively. So you could also cope with the departures of the two home grown Teuchert and Kammerbauer in winter and finally secured a direct promotion place in the 2018/19 Bundesliga with a 2-0 away win over SV Sandhausen . The championship of the 2nd Bundesliga was missed in the last second due to a 2: 3 defeat on the last match day against fellow promoted players and champions Fortuna Düsseldorf .
When they returned to the Bundesliga, they tried to keep the promotion team together for the most part and only to get some inexpensive reinforcements. The only regular player from the preseason who left the club was Kevin Möhwald for Bremen. The most expensive new addition was Virgil Misidjan for 3 million euros. The team started the new season with a 2-1 victory at the fifth division SV Linx in the first round of the DFB Cup and a 0-1 defeat at Hertha BSC on the first day of the Bundesliga . On the fourth matchday, they celebrated their first three-point of the season with a 2-0 home win against Hanover and thus their first Bundesliga success since March 26, 2014, when they won 2-0 against VfB Stuttgart in the 2013/14 relegation season . On September 26, 2018, 1. FC Nuremberg conceded its highest Bundesliga defeat at the Westfalenstadion in Dortmund 7-0. After the fall in the relegation zone, which had not been left since the 16th matchday, and the end in the round of 16 of the cup (0: 1 in Hamburg), the supervisory board decided on February 12, 2019 to release sports director Andreas Bornemann . As a result, head coach Michael Köllner was replaced by his previous assistant coach Boris Schommers , and Robert Palikuća became the new sports director . At the end of the season, the club had to relegate back to the bottom of the table with only 19 points and became the only negative record holder with the eighth Bundesliga relegation in the club's history.
The club started the new season with a new coach, the Austrian Damir Canadi . The official objective was to return to the House of Lords within 2 seasons. With Iuri Medeiros and Nikola Dovedan came two rather expensive and well-known newcomers, who, however, could not meet their expectations for the entire season. Even the start of the season did not go as planned at all, which is why the collaboration with Canadi was ended after just 12 match days. At this time, the FCN occupied 11th place and was much closer to the relegation places than the targeted promotion places. Jens Keller became his successor after U21 coach Marek Mintál had looked after the team for a game. Under Keller, the FCN finished the season in 16th place. Before the relegation, Keller was released and temporarily replaced by NLZ manager Michael Wiesinger . After a 2-0 win in the first leg against FC Ingolstadt 04 , FCN was 3-0 back in the second leg at the Audi-Sportpark in Ingolstadt until stoppage time before Fabian Schleusener scored the goal to keep the league in the 96th minute.
Before the 2020/21 season , Dieter Hecking , who had coached Hamburger SV in the previous season, replaced Robert Palikuća as sports director. The new head coach was Robert Klauß , who had previously worked as a youth and assistant coach at RB Leipzig .
Club crest history
Names and numbers
The 1. FC Nürnberg played since the introduction of the league in Nuremberg from 1905 to 1969 always top class. From here until today, with only one exception , The Club has always played first and second class. A total of ninety years of first class, 22 years of second class and one year of third class were recorded. Up until the 1985/86 season, FCN was the German record champion for over 64 years with nine titles until then, but was replaced by Bayern Munich with its tenth championship in the 1986/87 season . In the meantime, Der Club shared the record championship title with VfB Leipzig (for one year) and FC Schalke 04 for nine years. Due to the nine championship titles won, 1. FC Nürnberg should actually have two championship stars on the jersey. However, since the FCN belongs to the remit of the DFL and only evaluates championships won in the Bundesliga, eight of these are not officially recognized. Only when participating in a league that does not belong to the DFL, i.e. only from the 3rd division , the club should have the stars on the jersey.
Until 1969, 1. FC Nürnberg was the German record cup winner for over 34 years before FC Bayern Munich replaced it. The club shared the title of the record cup winner with SK Rapid Wien (for one year), FC Schalke 04 and FC Bayern Munich (both two years), VfB Leipzig (three years), VfB Stuttgart (four years) , the Karlsruher SC (six years) and the Dresdner SC over 21 years.
Internationally, apart from winning the Intertoto Cup in 1968, there were no titles to show, but in the international competitions they reached a semi-final and a quarter-final.
|German Football Championship (9)|
|DFB Cup (4)|
|German second division championship (4)|
|All years refer to the time of the final.|
- European Champion Clubs' Cup : quarter-finals 1961/62 , 1st round 1968/69
- European Cup Winners' Cup : semi-finals 1962/63
- Exhibition Cities Cup : Participation in 1965/66 , 1966/67
- UEFA Cup : 1st round 1988/89 , round of 32 / 3rd round Round 2007/08
- Intertoto Cup : 1968
|1961/62||European Champions Cup||Preliminary round||Drumcondra FC||9: 1||5: 0 (H)||4: 1 (A)|
|1 round||Fenerbahçe Istanbul||3: 1||2: 1 (A)||1: 0 (H)|
|Quarter finals||Benfica Lisbon||3: 7||3: 1 (H)||0: 6 (A)|
|1962/63||UEFA Cup Winners' Cup||2nd round||AS Saint-Etienne||3-0||0: 0 (A)||3: 0 (H)|
|Quarter finals||B 1909 Odense||7-0||1: 0 (A)||6: 0 (H)|
|Semifinals||Atlético Madrid||2: 3||0: 2 (A)||2: 1 (H)|
|1965/66||Exhibition cities cup||1 round||Everton FC||1: 2||1: 1 (H)||0: 1 (A)|
|1966/67||Exhibition cities cup||1 round||Valencia CF||1: 4||1: 2 (H)||0: 2 (A)|
|1968/69||European Champions Cup||1 round||Ajax Amsterdam||1: 5||1: 1 (H)||0: 4 (A)|
|1988/89||Uefa cup||1 round||AS Roma||3: 4||2: 1 (A)||1: 3 a.d. (H)|
|2007/08||Uefa cup||1 round||Rapid Bucharest||( a ) 2: 2||0: 0 (H)||2: 2 (A)|
|Group stage||Everton FC||0: 2||0: 2 (H)|
|Zenit St. Petersburg||2: 2||2: 2 (A)|
|AZ Alkmaar||2: 1||2: 1 (H)|
|AE Larisa||3: 1||3: 1 (A)|
|Round of 16||Benfica Lisbon||2: 3||0: 1 (A)||2: 2 (H)|
Overall record: 28 games, 12 wins, 7 draws, 9 defeats, 44:38 goals (goal difference +6)
In the long history of 1. FC Nürnberg, various players have shaped the club's game . Best known throughout Germany are certainly the two footballers of the year, Max Morlock (1961) and Andreas Köpke (1993). With the Slovak national player Marek Mintál, the club was the top scorer in the Bundesliga for the first time in 2005 . A year earlier, Mintal had already become the best scorer in the 2nd Bundesliga , which he succeeded again in 2008/09. Heinz Strehl achieved a similar success when he became the top scorer of the European Cup in 1962 .
In Nuremberg itself, it was difficult for a long time to adequately honor the individual player personalities. Although individual streets in the area around the Nuremberg stadium were named after outstanding players such as Hans Kalb and Max Morlock, it was not until 2006 that the club decided to systematically honor 35 players. The trigger was the renaming of the stadium, which had got the name of a product of a sponsor. In protest, the fans reacted by symbolically renaming the stadium to Max-Morlock-Stadion. As a compromise, 1. FC Nürnberg named 35 stadium blocks for the 2006/07 season after well-earned players from the club's history who meet at least two of the following three criteria: 400 appearances for the club , national players, German champions with the club.
The players honored in this way include the national players of the successful 1920s such as Georg Hochgesang , Hans Kalb , Anton Kugler , Luitpold Popp , Baptist Reinmann , Carl Riegel , Hans "Bumbes" Schmidt , Wolfgang Strobel , Heinrich Stuhlfauth , Hans Sutor and Heinrich Träger . This group is completed by the Swiss national player Gustav Bark and national player Josef “Seppl” Schmitt , who also stands for the transition between the golden 1920s and the successes in the 1930s. From the 1930s, the club paid tribute to its national players Willi Billmann , Georg Köhl , Willi Kund , Andreas Munkert and Richard Oehm, as well as Karl Gußner from the 1936 championship team.
This group also includes the 1936 master player Hans Uebelein , who also belongs to the small group of players from the post-war period who were also honored. Among them, Max Morlock stands out, who became champions with the club in 1948 and 1961 . Then there are the national players Ludwig Müller , Stefan Reisch , Georg Volkert and Ferdinand Wenauer . In addition, Gerhard Bergner , Helmut Herbolsheimer , Eduard Schaffer and Konrad Winterstein as champions from 1948, as well as Horst Leupold , Fritz Popp , Heinz Strehl , Kurt Ucko and Roland Wabra from the master teams of the 1960s, met the criteria for naming a stadium block. In June 2015, Javier Pinola was the first player in the recent past to be given his own block name.
Current squad 2020/21
As of August 26, 2020
|No.||Nat.||Surname||Date of birth||In the team since||Contract until||Previous club|
|1||Patric Klandt||September 29, 1983||2018||2021||SC Freiburg II|
|26th||Christian Mathenia||March 31, 1992||2018||2024||Hamburger SV|
|29||Christian Früchtl||January 28, 2000||2020||2021||FC Bayern Munich II|
|30th||Andreas Lukse||November 8, 1987||2019||2021||SCR Altach|
|4th||Asger Sørensen||June 5, 1996||2019||2022||FC Red Bull Salzburg|
|6th||Tim craftsman||May 19, 1998||2019||2022||1. FC Cologne|
|21st||Kevin Goden||February 22, 1999||2018||1. FC Cologne|
|22nd||Enrico Valentini||February 20, 1989||2017||2022||Karlsruher SC|
|25th||Oliver Sorg||May 29, 1990||2019||2022||Hannover 96|
|28||Lukas Mühl||January 27, 1997||2011||TSV rain|
|33||Georg Margreitter||November 7, 1988||2015||Wolverhampton Wanderers|
|35||Noel Knothe||May 5, 1999||2019||2022||Eintracht Frankfurt|
|39||Ekin Celebi||June 6, 2000||2012||2021||SG 1883 Nuremberg-Fürth|
|5||Johannes Geis||17th August 1993||2019||2022||1. FC Cologne|
|8th||Sarpreet Singh||February 20, 1999||2020||2021||FC Bayern Munich II|
|10||Nikola Dovedan||July 6, 1994||2019||2022||1. FC Heidenheim|
|14th||Tom Krauss||June 22, 2001||2020||2022||RB Leipzig|
|15th||Fabian Nürnberger||July 28, 1999||2018||2021||Niendorfer TSV|
|17th||Robin Hack||August 27, 1998||2019||2023||TSG 1899 Hoffenheim|
|18th||Hanno Behrens||March 26, 1990||2015||SV Darmstadt 98|
|36||Simon Rhine||May 18, 1998||2017||Bayer 04 Leverkusen U19|
|7th||Felix Lohkemper||January 26, 1995||2019||2022||1. FC Magdeburg|
|9||Manuel Schäffler||February 6, 1989||2020||SV Wehen Wiesbaden|
|11||Adam Zreľák||May 5, 1994||2017||FK Jablonec|
|23||Fabian Schleusener||October 24, 1991||2019||2022||Sc freiburg|
|24||Virgil Misidjan||July 24, 1993||2018||Ludogorez Razgrad|
|27||Paul-Philipp Besong II||October 6, 2000||2019||2021||Borussia Dortmund U19|
|38||Lukas Schleimer||December 9, 1999||2017||2022||TuS Mosella Schweich U19|
Transfers of the 2020/21 season
As of August 26, 2020
- As of August 6, 2020
|function||Surname||Birthday (age)||Function since|
|Head coach||Robert Klauss||1 Dec 1984 (35)||2020|
|Assistant coach||Tobias Schweinsteiger||March 12 1982 (38)||2020|
|Assistant coach||Frank Steinmetz||19 Mar 1970 (50)||2020|
|Goalkeeping coach||Dennis Neudahm||Apr 2, 1987 (33)||2020|
|Video analyst||Maurizio Zoccola||July 6, 1969 (51)||2019|
|Athletics and rehab trainer||Tobias Dippert||21 Sep 1981 (38)||2020|
The century (+10) eleven
→ For details see 1. FC Nürnberg / Die Jahrhundert (+10) eleven
Before the 2010/11 season, the club fans voted online for a team from 110 years of club history:
Since the club was founded, the coaching position has changed 66 times. This number is all the more remarkable given that the club had only been employing coaches on a regular basis since the mid-1920s. Mostly, players like Alfréd Schaffer led the training, who later led the club to its first cup victory from 1933 to 1935 . With the former England international Fred Spiksley , the first real trainer was briefly hired in 1913. He returned again in 1926/27 and ended the FCN's coachless time with his second engagement. In between the club had only engaged Izidor Kürschner several times as a trainer for championship finals. His successor Karl Michalke was also a trainer several times (1927 to 1928, 1935 to 1936, 1946 to 1947). In general, many coaches have returned to a repeated engagement with 1. FC Nürnberg up to the present day. Notable from the pre-war period are Jenő Konrád , who, as mentioned above, left the city as a Jew because of the Nazi agitation, as well as Gyuri Orth (1936 to 1939), Alv Riemke (1939 to 1941 and 1952 to 1954) and during the war the former master player Hans "Bumbes" Schmidt (1941 to 1945 and December 1949 to 1952). With Josef “Seppl” Schmitt (1947 to 1949) it was reserved for another master player to be the first and so far only to be successful with the 1. FCN both as a player and as a coach.
While the league time managed Franz Binder the longest continuous time spent on the coach's chair by his term 1955-1960 Club . His successor Herbert Widmayer , master coach from 1961, was on October 30, 1963 the first coach to be dismissed in the Bundesliga. Jenő Csaknády (1963 to 1964 and 1965 to 1966) as well as Gunther Baumann and Jenő Vincze tried their hand at coaching twice in the Bundesliga , before Max Merkel won it in a 26-month term (January 3, 1967 to March 24, 1969) Club initially saved from relegation, led to the ninth championship and then again entangled in the relegation battle, from which even ex-players Robert Körner and Kuno Klötzer could no longer save the club.
In the second division, Hans Tilkowski was allowed to remain coach for three full seasons. His successor Horst Buhtz was dismissed after the penultimate match day of the 1977/78 season after the club had qualified for the promotion games. Through this, the young trainer Werner Kern led the club successfully. When things subsequently went less well in the Bundesliga, President Lothar Schmechtig resigned so that his successor could fire Kern a day later. With Robert Gebhardt , another ex-player sat in the coaching chair, interrupted by a 51-day interlude by Belgian Jef Vliers in the summer of 1979. Even shorter - apart from interim coaches - was Rudi Kröner's 41-day engagement in autumn 1983 . From 1981 to 1983, Udo Klug was the first time a coach was in office for more than two years at a time. His indirect successor Heinz Höher achieved the second longest term of office of a club trainer through his term of office from January 1, 1984 to June 30, 1988. He is also one of the few who was not released early. This only happened to him as a manager. The subsequent terms of office of Hermann Gerland (1988 to 1990) and Arie Haan (1990 to 1991) were shorter. In two attempts, Willi Entenmann spent more than three years on the coaching chair of 1. FC Nürnberg. His first engagement ended with a dismissal after a 2-0 victory over Bayern Munich in November 1993. Until his second engagement in May 1996, Dieter Renner , Rainer Zobel , Günter Sebert and once again Hermann Gerland replaced each other in a relatively short time . Felix Magath led the club from the 2nd Bundesliga in 1997/98, but then left because he saw no prospects for the Bundesliga. His successor Willi Reimann resigned from office after four months for personal reasons. Friedel Rausch's 13-month tenure was the last short-term employment of a trainer for the time being. It is true that the association also separated from its successors Klaus Augenthaler and Wolfgang Wolf prematurely. But Augenthaler was in office for over three years and Wolf at least two and a half years.
From November 9, 2005 to February 11, 2008, Hans Meyer was the 65th coach of 1. FC Nürnberg. Under his leadership, 1. FC Nürnberg celebrated their first national title win in 39 years by winning the 2006/07 DFB Cup . After defeat in the league, he was replaced on February 12, 2008 by Thomas von Heesen . This could not prevent the relegation to the second Bundesliga either, but those responsible decided nevertheless to try the restart in league two with von Heesen. Due to the situation within the club, von Heesen announced his resignation after the second match day on August 28th. The coaching position was taken over by his co-trainer Michael Oenning , who achieved the stated goal of promotion. After a bad first half of the season in the Bundesliga, his dismissal was announced on December 21, 2009. Just one day after Oenning's dismissal, the club introduced Dieter Hecking as the new coach. In the winter break of 2012/13, coach Hecking moved to VfL Wolfsburg for a transfer fee. Michael Wiesinger and Armin Reutershahn were the new coaching team, but they were dismissed after eight games without a win at the beginning of the 2013/14 season .
On October 21, 2013, 1. FC Nürnberg signed Gertjan Verbeek from the Netherlands to succeed Michael Wiesinger. However, he did not stay in office long. On April 23, 2014 Verbeek was sacked after eight losses in nine games; three game days before the end of the season standing on a relegation zone. U23 coach Roger Prinzen temporarily took over the coaching position.
For the 2014/15 season , the Frenchman Valérien Ismaël was introduced as a coach. On August 3, 2014, he made his debut as coach of the Franks in a 1-0 victory on the first matchday of the second division season 2014/15 . On the second match day he lost the Frankenderby with FCN with 1: 5 at SpVgg Greuther Fürth . On August 15, 2014 1. FC Nürnberg was eliminated in the first round of the cup against third division club MSV Duisburg . After a total of only four wins in 13 league games, Ismaël was given leave of absence from the club on November 10, 2014.
From November 2014 to June 19, 2016, the club was coached by Swiss René Weiler , his successor was Alois Schwartz from league competitor SV Sandhausen . He was released from his duties on March 7, 2017. As his successor, the head of the youth training center Michael Köllner was declared head coach "until further notice". Under him, he returned to the Bundesliga in the 2017/18 season. After 21 game days, Köllner was released from his duties when the team was bottom of the table with 12 points. His successor was initially Boris Schommers as interim trainer.
In May 2019, the club announced that Damir Canadi would hold the post of head coach for the 2019/20 second division season . This was released after the 12th match day when the team was in 11th place. The U21 coach Marek Mintál took over the team as interim coach for a game before Jens Keller was signed as the new head coach. After the FCN had finished the season under Keller in 16th place, NLZ manager Michael Wiesinger became interim trainer for the relegation. Under Wiesinger, FCN just managed to stay up against FC Ingolstadt 04 .
For the 2020/21 season , 35-year-old Robert Klauß became the new head coach, who had previously worked as a youth and assistant coach at RB Leipzig and took his first job as head coach of a professional team with FCN.
|Sponsors and suppliers of 1. FC Nürnberg since 1967|
|Period||Outfitter||Shirt sponsor||Sleeve sponsor|
|1967-1968||Umbro||no sponsor||no sponsor|
|1993-1994||puma||Trigema||Textiles and gas stations|
|2004-2008||mister * lady||clothing|
|Shirt sponsor||Sleeve sponsor|
In order to make the club look better economically, efforts were made to find shirt sponsors from the 1970s. From the 1973/74 season onwards, AEG was the first company to decorate the chest of 1. FC Nürnberg's jerseys. From the 1977/78 season , Grundig , a Nuremberg company, took over sponsorship on the jersey, but ended its commitment at the end of the 1980/81 season . After a transition year 1981/82 with the photo and slide accessories manufacturer reflecta on their chest, the carpet manufacturer ARO took over the prominent place on the jersey for the first time in the 1982/83 season . From the 1985/86 season onwards , the logo of the Patrizier Bräu brewery , which, however, has since merged with Tucher Bräu , adorned the Nuremberg jersey. From 1987/88 reflecta returned to the club's chest. In 1993/94 Trigema began to pay for the name on the shirt, until just one year later in 1994/95 ARO again took over the shirt sponsorship. From 1998/99 , the logo of the telecommunications service provider VIAG Interkom shone on the club's shirt. From 2000/01 to 2001/02 the name of the temporary employment agency Adecco graced the club dress before Entrium took over the sponsorship. Since the financial company was taken over by DiBa in 2003 , it continued the sponsorship until 2003/04 .
In the run-up to the 2004/05 season , the club was now without a sponsor for the first time since 1973, and the logo "Nürnberg" temporarily adorned the jersey before the new partner mister * lady was introduced at the start of the season . This continued his engagement until 2008/09 . In preparation, the jerseys briefly read “We are the club” before the French nuclear company AREVA took over sponsorship until 2011/12 . In the preparation time for the 2012/13 season there were again no supporters, which is why the logo "Der Club" temporarily adorned the jersey before the Franconian textile discounter NKD was presented as the new main sponsor two days before the first championship game . This four-year collaboration was prematurely terminated by NKD at the end of the 2013/14 season . The new away jersey was therefore again provided with the lettering "Der Club".
For the 2014/15 season , the Schweinfurt company Wolf Möbel was announced as the new shirt sponsor. The shirt sponsorship, initially valid for one season, was extended for another year in March 2015. For the 2016/17 season, Nürnberger Versicherung was introduced as a new partner on July 20, 2016 . The commitment as main and jersey sponsor will initially run for three years, and the parties have agreed not to disclose the economic conditions. On July 3, 2017, the club announced that the regional concrete block company Godelmann would be the club's first sleeve sponsor and a new premium partner for the 2017/18 season .
- Dieter Hecking (sports)
- Niels Rossow (Marketing, Administration, Finance and Public Relations)
- Supervisory board
- Guido Seibelt
- Sebastian Wendl
|1. FC Nuremberg II|
|Surname||1. FC Nuremberg II|
(for risk games)
|Head coach||Marek Mintál|
The second team of the club has, as elsewhere, introduce its essential function talents to the first team. In order to offer them the best possible match practice, the team should also play as high-quality as possible. This has not always worked in the past.
For the first time, the club's substructure was promoted to the third-class Bavarian amateur league in 1955 . After four seasons with positions 6, 13, 8 and finally 14, it went back to the local league structure. In the shadow of the championship team of 1961, a good second team also matured, returned to the Bavarian amateur league in 1965 and as a newcomer won the runner-up. This meant that the club amateurs were also qualified for the amateur championship, but failed in the first round at SG Westend Frankfurt with 1: 1 and 0: 1. In the Bayern League, the team slipped deeper and deeper in the table from season to season. With placements 5, 7, 10, 13, 12 and 15, the team finally landed on 18th place in 1973 and was relegated back to the national league with 103 goals against. While the A-Juniors won the German championship a year later, they couldn't help the second team after moving to the senior division. It was not until 1980 that they returned to the Bayern League, which had now been reformed to become an amateur league. In the same year, the club amateurs were represented for the first time in the main round of the DFB Cup , but were eliminated in the first round at TuS Schloß Neuhaus with 2: 3 n. V. In the league, the offspring stormed to second place in the table. After the best players had migrated to the Bundesliga team, however, after a 13th place in 1982 after the 1982/83 season, relegation took place again. In the DFB Cup 1981/82 , the team at SSV Ulm 1846 failed in the replay.
While the Bundesliga team set up one negative record after the next in 1983/84 and were relegated at the end of the season without any away point, the fourth division of the Landesliga Mitte among the relegated amateurs matured a year that not only managed to return to the Bayern League immediately, but in the form of himself most important players like Roland Grahammer and Dieter Eckstein also helped the first team to rise to the Bundesliga. Deprived of the most talented player, the second team was again only three years in the amateur league and finally rose again in 1987. In between, the team achieved their greatest success in the DFB-Pokal to date, when they defeated in the 1984/85 cup round in the first main round at home southwest Ludwigshafen . In the second round, the club lost at home to SC Jülich in 1910.
In the following years, the second team not only missed the return to the Oberliga Bayern, but was even downgraded to fifth division through the introduction of the Regional League in 1994. The jump into the first team was only made easier for the players of the second team when they fell into the regional league in 1996. The club amateurs caused a sensation and probably the greatest number of spectators to this day when they met Borussia Mönchengladbach in the first main round of the 1995/96 DFB Cup , which was lost 3-0 in the Frankenstadion. When the first team made it to the Bundesliga in 1998, the second team also returned to the Bavarian amateur league. The last prominent reinforcement from the second team was Cacau . Otherwise, the team, which has been converted into "U23" by the requirements of the DFB for second teams from Bundesliga clubs, mainly serves as a waiting room for talents from the A youth team to break through in the first team and as an opportunity for professional players to regain match practice after injuries. In the 2007/08 season he was promoted to the regional league . The second team of 1. FC Nürnberg was one of the first teams to play in the fourth-class regional league after the introduction of the third division . The 2008/09 season was successful. The team was top of the table for four match days and ended the season in fifth place. Ahmet Kulabas was the second best scorer in the league with 18 goals, Markus Fuchs was sixth with 16 goals. In addition, the defender Dominic Maroh was promoted to the licensed team after eight appearances, where he immediately developed into a top performer. In the 2009/10 season the FCN II even won the autumn championship and finished the season in second place.
Even after the introduction of the Bayern Regional Football League , the second team continues to play in the fourth-rate regional league. In the 2012/2013 season, Marek Mintál ended his active football career with a league game against the second team of TSV 1860 Munich .
- Runner-up Amateur League Bavaria 1965
- Participation in the DFB Cup 1979/80, 1981/82, 1984/85, 1995/96
The current squad
as of August 2, 2020
In the 2019/20 season, 1. FC Nürnberg provided junior teams in the U8 to U19 age groups. Despite a few relegations, both the A and B youth often take part in the games in the respective junior national leagues. In the recent past, the US-American and later second division coach Pellegrino Matarazzo was the longest coach of the A-Juniors and led them through four seasons.
- German A-Junior Champion (1): 1974
- DFB Junior Club Cup Winner (3): 1987, 1988, 1993
- Champions of Bayernliga Nord (4): 2008, 2009, 2014, 2020
- Bavarian Cup Winner (4): 2005, 2008, 2011, 2012
Successes of the B youth
- German B-Junior Champion (1): 2012
- German runner-up (1): 1987
- Bavarian indoor champion (1): 2011
Many later professionals went through at least one year of the Nuremberg youth department. These were:
- Patrick Erras (2007-2014)
- Jann George (2002-2011)
- Michael Heinloth , U21 European Champion (2003-2011)
- Philipp Hercher (2011-2015)
- Pascal Itter , U19 European champion (2009-2013)
- Patrick Kammerbauer (2007-2016)
- Stefan Kießling , 403 Bundesliga games, second division champion and national player (2001–2002)
- Pascal Köpke (2011-2013)
- Marvin Plattenhardt , CONFED Cup winner and U17 European champion (2008-2010)
- Dominik Reinhardt , DFB Cup winner and second division champion (1999–2003)
- Niklas Stark , U19 and U21 European champion (2004-2013)
- Philipp Tschauner (1995-2004)
- Marius Wolf , DFB Cup and DFL Supercup winner (2007–2012)
From the first attempts at walking on the Deutschherrnwiese an der Pegnitz in the middle of Nuremberg to the club's own stadium in Zerzabelshof and today's Max Morlock Stadium , 1. FC Nürnberg can look back on a total of nine different venues.
The newly founded club used a parade ground in Pegnitzgrund, the so-called Deutschherrnwiese, as the first place for football matches . As with many football fields today , the players had to bring their own goal posts and corner posts to every game. A particular advantage of the site was the nearby “Burenhütte” restaurant. The club was not only founded here on May 4, 1900, the bar also served as a club house and changing room. When the club wanted to charge entry for its first games against foreign opponents, the necessity of fencing the area became apparent. However, the city council of Nuremberg refused to accept this request.
The club has now leased a 10,000 square meter sports field in Ziegelgasse in the Steinbühl district of Nuremberg and built a changing room, ticket booths, a wooden grandstand with 300 seats and of course a fence for a total of 14,000 marks. With the start of league operations in 1905, there were regular games and sufficient attendance to cover costs quickly. The biggest event on Ziegelgasse was the final of the third German championship in 1906 between VfB Leipzig and 1. FC Pforzheim . The rush of 1,100 spectators already showed the limits of the square.
The association quickly found what they were looking for in a larger site and opened a new, twice as large square in the suburb of Schweinau, which was incorporated in 1899, on February 28, 1908 . The rent for five years was 25,000 marks. The place with running track was surrounded by earth walls for spectators and had a small covered wooden grandstand, which also housed changing rooms with sanitary facilities. In autumn 1911, 6,000 spectators flocked to the derby against SpVgg Fürth . This quickly made this place too small.
In September 1910, the local rival from Fürth opened the stadium on Ronhofer Weg, a stadium with a capacity of 8,000, which was considered to be the most modern stadium in Germany and guaranteed the Fürth people high regular audience income. It was a mixture of competitive thinking and practical necessity that led 1. FC Nürnberg, chaired by the founding board member Christoph Heinz, to buy their own property. The association had already invested money twice in leased properties that had quickly become too small. In Zerzabelshof , outside the city limits , which was not incorporated into Nuremberg until 1923, the association bought a 47,000 square meter property from its member Karl Hertel for 130,000 marks. A side effect was that the municipality of Zerzabelshof did not levy any entertainment tax on the entrance fee for football matches. For 300,000 marks, the club built practice areas, a club house, tennis courts for the tennis department and finally a stadium. The club refinanced the expenses in a variety of ways. One member took over part of the costs, share certificates from the investment in Schweinauer Platz were not paid out in full, advertising stamps depicting the sports in the FCN earned 1200 marks. The Freiherrlich von Tucher'sche Brewery granted the association a low-interest mortgage, while the Nuremberg life insurance bank took over the first mortgage. Finally, the price of season tickets was increased and the discount on advance sales abolished. On September 24, 1913, the round against Eintracht Braunschweig with a capacity of 8,000 was inaugurated. The architects Heinz and Richard Gerling not only built a stadium with a running track, they also built a sports park with a swimming pool and tennis courts for the club. While the municipalities set up sports parks in other cities such as Cologne, Frankfurt am Main or Altona, funding from club funds by 1. FC Nürnberg was the exception in Germany. In addition, the city of Nuremberg was not deterred from building a municipal sports park around the municipal stadium after the First World War (see below). While the place Zerzabelshof was popularly called "Zabala", a club member coined the term "Zabo" as a nickname for the stadium in 1915. By 1926 the stadium was expanded to a capacity of 25,000 spectators. Behind one of the two field gates, an impressive war memorial towered over the grandstands.
The stadium was badly destroyed in a bombing raid in 1943 and was also confiscated by the American military government after the war . Therefore, the club initially played its home games at the Ronhof in Fürth, of all places. The municipal stadium on Dutzendteich , built in 1925, was also controlled by the American military. In September 1948, the association returned to its own premises and decided to rebuild the Zabo. Under the planning of Franz Ruff , who u. a. had led the construction of the congress hall on the Nazi party rally grounds, a stadium for 35,000 spectators was built. The main stand was a reinforced concrete skeleton structure with a concrete roof supported by two 28 centimeter thick steel pipes that could each carry a load of 250 tons. Both supports had movable bearings in order to avoid greater tension. The grandstand itself offered space for 2,450 spectators on 80 cm wide seats. The interior of the grandstand housed 22 cabins, six shower rooms, a gym and rooms for the groundskeeper and the radio. The grandstand and with it the entire stadium was opened on Pentecost 1950. In the upper league years and the resulting crowd - the average fluctuated between 11,067 1954/55 and 21,867 1961/62 - the stadium itself turned out to be less than too small. Rather, the arrival and departure traffic, which in the course of the increasing motorization of private transport increasingly took place with the passenger car , became a problem. There was simply not enough parking space in the narrow Zerzabelshof. Originally, the city only wanted to approve the construction of the grandstands if 2,000 parking spaces had been provided. In 1957, however, the association was exempted from this requirement, as the city only raised the requirement after construction had started. However, this was done without permission, and the stadium was only legally approved six years after its inauguration. Since other departments of the association also wanted more modern sports facilities, the association, under President Walter Luther, decided to sell the site. Demolition began on September 1, 1966. Today there is a residential complex on the site.
On July 8, 1965, the association acquired the site of the former Kraft-durch-Freude- Stadt am Valznerweiher from the proceeds of the Zabover sales . On the rubble of the former accommodations for participants in the Nazi party rallies , the club built one of the most modern club premises for the time. In addition to training facilities for the footballers and a soccer field with a capacity of 7,000, called Max-Morlock-Platz and where the second team and the youth play their home games, the area also includes a swimming pool, the so-called club pool, and tennis courts. The association even had to call in the Bavarian Minister of Agriculture, Alois Hundhammer , in order to convince the Free State of Bavaria not to acquire the site for speculative purposes, but for charitable purposes. This enabled the association to buy the 210,000 m² for 6 DM / m² instead of 52 DM, which would have been the market value. The inauguration took place on October 31, 1968.
In 1923 the city of Nuremberg commissioned the architect Otto Ernst Schweizer to build a stadium as the core of the new urban sports and recreation area between Luitpoldhain, Schmausenbuck and Dutzendteich. The stadium , characterized by its characteristic octagonal floor plan, was opened on June 10, 1928 . During the Olympic Games in Amsterdam in 1928 , the stadium was awarded a gold medal for its special design. In particular, the 100 meter long main stand was a special feature due to the roof construction. Six cast iron pillars with a diameter of 18 to 20 cm supported a projecting concrete roof. Behind the 15 rows of seats for 2,544 spectators there was space for a seven-meter-wide colonnade, which could also be used for catering. The stadium with a cinder track offered 37,000 spectators. Initially, the stadium was mainly used for gymnastics festivals and athletics events. Football games like the final of the German championship in 1929 , which was won by SpVgg Fürth, of all places, were rarely held. During the time of National Socialism, Albert Speer integrated it into the facilities for the Nazi party rallies as the "Hitler Youth Stadium". During the seizure by the Americans from 1945 to 1961, the stadium was called "Victory Stadium".
While 1. FC Nürnberg had decided against moving from Zerzabelshof to the municipal stadium in 1950, after winning the German championship in 1961 , the club's management agreed with the city to expand the stadium. In the summer of 1963, the renovation of the main stand and the floodlights began, as well as shortening the cinder track. Further construction work with a total value of eight million D-Marks followed. In 1965 the stadium held 64,238 spectators (14,700 seats), with tubular steel stands at the open corners (see photo), the capacity could be increased by 7,000 seats. Already during the championship season 1967/68 the stadium proved to be out of date. But the city of Nuremberg waived the opportunity to get cheap funding for a renovation for the 1974 World Cup in Germany. In 1986, the state trade institute found that the grandstand roof was in disrepair, which is why it was finally necessary to modernize the stadium.
Politicians played a decisive role in the decision to completely renovate the stadium. Shortly before the upcoming elections , the mayoral candidate of the CSU Günther Beckstein persuaded Bavaria's Prime Minister Franz Josef Strauss to promise that the Free State of Bavaria would assume half of the renovation costs of 52 million D-Marks. While the match was running, the old stands were replaced by new ones until September 1991, only the basic shape of the stadium was retained. The cost of the attempted, but ultimately unsuccessful, preservation of the listed main grandstand drove the total price to 68 million Deutschmarks in the end. After the renovation, the stadium was completely covered and offered 52,500 spectators. The winner of the architectural competition was the Nuremberg architect Günther Wörrlein, according to whose plans the renovation was carried out. After a later reduction in standing room, the capacity dropped to 44,600.
easyCredit Stadium, Nuremberg Stadium, Grundig Stadium and Max Morlock Stadium
The move to the easyCredit stadium involved more than just renaming the stadium. Before the soccer World Cup in 2006, the city of Nuremberg did everything in its power not to miss the chance to renovate it again as in 1974. By lowering the pitch, visibility has been improved - the stadium still has a tartan track and is not purely a football stadium. In addition, VIP boxes were built into the stands and the stadium was equipped with modern video display boards. During international games, 44,308 spectators can visit the stadium on covered seats. For Bundesliga games, the capacity is increased by converting some of the seating blocks into standing room for 7,800 fans to 46,780 people (38,980 seats). By converting blocks 1 and 3 to standing room, the capacity increased to 48,548 seats during the winter break 2009/10.
With the expiry of the sponsorship agreement on June 30, 2012, the stadium was temporarily given the name “Nuremberg Stadium” from July 1. In 2012 the blocks in the guest area were redesigned. As a result, the audience capacity for Bundesliga games is 50,000 people (standing and seats).
In mid-February 2013, a new name sponsor was won for the home of the FCN. The electronics group Grundig Intermedia acquired the naming rights for the Nuremberg stadium until mid-2016. From February 17, 2013 against Hannover 96 , the venue was renamed Grundig-Stadion .
The contract with Grundig expired on July 1, 2016. Until a new sponsor was found, the stadium was again called the Nürnberg Stadium.
For the 2017/18 season, Consorsbank secured the naming rights to the stadium for three years, but waived traditional name sponsorship and instead called for crowdfunding to enable the stadium to be renamed Max-Morlock-Stadion . Supporters contributed a total of € 330,000, the bank took over € 2.4 million.
The supporters of 1. FC Nürnberg, who are also called Cluberer ( Franconian : Glubberer ), are characterized by a particularly pronounced ability to suffer. This has found its special expression in the self-assessment “Der Glubb is a Debb!” Since the club succeeded in relegating the Bundesliga as the reigning champions in 1969. In addition, in 2008 they were relegated as the previous year's cup winner. In this context, the following is written , for example, in Under the Spell :
“And precisely that, the fascination with the unfinished, is probably the reason for the fascination of the FCN. Grandiose in triumph. Grandiose in failure. The legend was justified not only by the many great victories, but also by the devastating defeats. Because when the club loses, it doesn't just do it. He elevates it to an art form and has become more legendary than the titles he hunts. "
In addition, the history of club fans has three characteristics: mass movement, violence and creativity. These three elements can already be found in the early history of 1. FC Nürnberg:
- It was on June 1, 1908, when the guest appearance of the top English team from Sunderland with 3,000 spectators first gave a premonition of the subsequent mass onslaught. In 1913, 9,000 spectators wanted to see the comparison between the club and SpVgg Fürth in the new stadium in Zerzabelshof. However, 1. FC Nürnberg only became a real mass phenomenon after the First World War. On the one hand, football generally developed into a spectator sport during this time, on the other hand, the club experienced its most successful period with the five German championships between 1920 and 1927. Enthusiastic receptions for successful heroes are not a phenomenon of modern times. 40,000 to 50,000 Nuremberg residents expected the defending champions from 1921 on their return to Nuremberg Central Station. Even on the route to the championship celebration, the entourage kept getting stuck in the thrilling crowds. Eugen Seybold, editor of the magazine Fußball, reported on people who shouted "with an enthusiasm that no prince or emperor ... in Nuremberg has ever experienced". Even after the championship decision in 1967/68 , thousands spontaneously waited for the team to return at 10:30 p.m. in front of Nuremberg Central Station . This was received so enthusiastically that Franz Brungs, for example, could only escape the crowd with the help of the police. Previously, 10,000 club fans who had traveled with them stormed the Grünwalder Stadium immediately after the 2-0 win against FC Bayern . In 2007, around 200,000 people received the cup winners on their return from Berlin.
- Not only mass enthusiasm, but also excesses in football were already known in the 1920s. At the first of the endless finals in Leipzig in 1922, the Nuremberg fans, who were crammed into an emergency stand, threw stones and bottles at spectators in front of them. A fan from Nuremberg wrote two years later, impressed: “How it flew, clinked and glittered in the sun, when several thousand soda water bottles rained down in an arch on a front section of 200 meters high on the front rows. It was lovely to see how they lay down there in the black dirt to cover against the enemy missiles, the ladies in white summer dresses. You have to see something like that. You have to have been there! ”During the derbies against SpVgg Fürth , there were always violent clashes between club fans and Fürth ambushers on the journey to and from Fürth.
- In 1924 it was club fans who tried to compensate for their numerical inferiority with pennants and flags at the final in Berlin. At the 1925 final in Frankfurt, the Nuremberg team transformed the Frankfurt Waldstadion into a sea of black and red flags. While the clubbers were establishing this tradition, they in turn learned battle cries organized by the Berliners at the 1927 final. The club fans answered the Berliners “Ha-ho-he, Hertha BSC” in the same game after the 2-0 victory with the first fan call “Hi-ha-ho, Hertha is knocked out”.
Until the beginning of the Bundesliga, the relationship between the players and the supporters was largely family-like. Most of the players, but also the opponents, came from the region. The fans were able to meet some of the players in their everyday lottery ticket sales points and stationery shops. The many years of second division during the 1970s is now sometimes referred to as a cause of the roots of the club with its 725 fan clubs (February 2018) and more than 44,000 members (as of July 2016) not only in the Nuremberg Metropolitan Region , but also in overall francs and far beyond that. The club has fan clubs on every continent.
"While footballers became pop stars and the game turned more and more into business, 1. FC Nürnberg was firmly anchored in Franconia, which is still reflected today in the numerous fan clubs."
The first official fan club is "The Club Seniors", founded on November 5, 1932. With the fifth fan club "Seerose", a fan club was created in the championship season 1967/68 on May 12, 1968 based on the model of the "Hesse Kassel fan club". The Seerose restaurant at Dutzendteich was a meeting point for so-called cowl fans back then. Since the second division with the Regionalliga Süd was initially organized on a very small scale, 4 to 5,000 clubbers were always able to travel to the away games. While the water lily fans were repeatedly involved in brawls, the core of the emerging hooligan scene was organized in the Red Devils fan club founded in 1980 . This comprised around 100 members in 1981/82 and was considered a “leader” in the Bundesliga until the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989.
The club used a full-time fan representative for the first time in the 1996/97 regional league season; in 2006, three fan representatives worked for the FCN. Since the end of the 1990s, the association has divided the support of the fan clubs into ten fan districts, each of which is headed by a coordinator. Fan clubs from different regions of Franconia are organized in districts 1 to 6. The Supporters Club, founded in 1998, forms district 7. In the other districts, wheelchair users, the Nuremberg fan project and the Internet / Worldwide, which looks after fan clubs from all over the world, are organized. The FCN fan association has existed since 2002, to which mainly fan clubs from districts 1, 2, 3 and 4 belong. A total of 260 fan clubs with over 17,000 members are connected here. The fan association supports the work and interests of the fan clubs, works across districts and coordinates activities. In particular, the over 1500 fans organized in the Supporters Club were initially critical of the work of the fan association and refused to work with them. The relationship has normalized for several years and the interest groups are working constructively with one another in the “Fan Advisory Board”, which was re-established in 2014. This consists of six elected delegates and one representative each from the Supporters Club Nuremberg, Ultras Nuremberg, Fan Association, Alliance of Active Club Members (BAC) and Red-Black Aid (RSH) groups.
Independent of these structures, since 1994 the supporters of the Ultràs organized themselves as "Ultràs Nürnberg 1994". The number of members grew to around 1000 by 2005. At home games, the core of supporters gathers in the north curve of the stadium. While "Block 4" of the municipal stadium used to be the center of support, in the Max Morlock Stadium it is blocks 7, 9 and 11, as well as, since the 2005/06 season, when the Ultras moved from block 7, especially in the Upper tier block 8. Block 8 had to be left in the second half of 2009/10 due to safety concerns from the building authorities . The north curve has thus been completely restructured. The previous seating blocks 1 and 3 have become standing room, blocks 9 and 11 will become the new block 9 and the previous block 13 will become block 11. The new mood area will be the new blocks 9 and 11. For the time being, block 13 will no longer exist .
The official club anthem is called The Legend Lives and is played before every home game when the team is running in. The song was composed in 2000 by Mark Bender , Steve Summer and Pete Winter. Club fans, especially the Ultras, always play the song When I Was a Little Boy after exactly an hour of play . It deals with the life of a club, from the little boy who is taken to the FCN by his father to the time when he is a father himself and his children also go to the club. In 2007 the song was released as a rock version by the Nuremberg band Wassd scho? Bassd scho! recorded. In the book Im Bann der Legende by Matthias Hunger, the first lines of text of the five song verses appear as the headings of the five book sections.
The fans of the FCN entertain an intimate since the early 1980s Fanfreundschaft with the followers of FC Schalke 04 . So you can find Schalkers in the Nuremberg block at almost every FCN game in the Ruhr area. Conversely, FC Schalke 04 is supported by the clubbers in the south, for example in Munich or Stuttgart. Likewise, when the two teams meet, both club anthems are played, regardless of the venue. There are numerous variants for the cause of this first intensive fan friendship in Germany, the common core of which is an encounter between Nuremberg members of the Red Devils fan club and the Schalke Gelsen scene. Once it was a chance encounter on a train ride, another time it was a mutual fraternization during an argument with fans of FC Bayern Munich. Another variant goes back to a first indirect encounter through a report by Stern about Schalke fans who also wore 1. FCN patches on the photos. To this day, the quality of the bond between club fans and supporters of Schalke 04 is considered "unique in the German football landscape". The friendship was officially celebrated for the first time on December 14, 1991 with officially approved Bengal fires and a flag parade in the Frankenstadion. In addition, the Ultras Nürnberg group has been cultivating a brotherhood with the Ultras of SK Rapid Wien since 2002 and close friendships with the fan scenes of FC Schalke 04 and IFK Göteborg . Since the UEFA Cup away game at AE Larisa in the 2007/08 season , good contacts have been established with the local fan scene. Further contacts exist with various individuals from the fan scene of the Italian football club Brescia Calcio (especially with the Brixia group) and AC Mantova .
In the history of 1. FC Nürnberg, hostilities with other clubs and fan scenes have also developed. The biggest rivals here are, on the one hand, FC Bayern Munich , who replaced FCN as record champions in 1987 and are seen as a symbol of the oppression of Franconia in Bavaria , and, on the other hand, SpVgg Greuther Fürth , which at the beginning of the twentieth century as well as 1. FC Nürnberg was founded. Due to the proximity of the cities, which have bordered each other since 1899 and have almost grown together, and the fact that both teams have long been among the best football clubs in Germany, an enmity developed particularly quickly here. The local derby against Fürth is, by the way, the most popular derby in Germany.
FC Bayern Munich
192 Franconian-Bavarian derbies resulted in the following game outcomes:
Status: January 12, 2020
SpVgg Greuther Fürth
After the 266th Frankenderby against SpVgg Greuther Fürth , the balance sheet looks like this:
|North Bavarian Gaume Championship||9||8th||1||0||57||21st||12,600||1,400|
|Eastern District League||11||6th||2||3||35||21st||64,900||5,900|
|Middle Franconian Gaume Championship||14th||6th||2||6th||31||23||71,554||5.111|
|District League Northern Bavaria||8th||3||1||4th||10||10||180,000||22,500|
|District League Bavaria||8th||6th||2||0||19th||3||120,000||15,000|
|South German championship||9||2||3||4th||10||14th||153,000||17,000|
|District League Northern Bavaria||13||6th||3||4th||19th||14th||231,000||17,769|
|Gauliga Northern Bavaria||4th||4th||0||0||20th||2||19,000||4,750|
|Gauliga Middle Franconia||2||1||0||1||3||3||4,000||4,000|
|Sports magazine trophy||6th||4th||2||0||19th||8th||108,000||18,000|
|Regional league south||12||7th||1||4th||15th||11||283,500||23,625|
|2nd Bundesliga South||10||7th||2||1||21st||10||251,000||25,100|
|South German Cup||4th||2||0||2||3||4th||35,000||8,750|
Status: July 12, 2020
Further rivalries exist with VfB Stuttgart and Frankfurter Eintracht ; these are due to the animosity between the fan scenes and the regional proximity. The game against VfB is often referred to as the southern derby, as two of the most successful football clubs in southern Germany meet.
Prominent fans of 1. FC Nürnberg
The club fans also include the politicians Andrea Ypsilanti , Markus Söder , Marcus König , Günther Beckstein , Ulrich Maly , Dagmar Wöhrl as well as the former Federal President Richard von Weizsäcker , the President of the International Olympic Committee Thomas Bach , the cabaret artists Hannes Ringlstetter and the Bembers , the journalists Ulf Poschardt and Claus Strunz , the actor Sebastian Ströbel , the bishop of Eichstätt Gregor Maria Hanke , the jewelry manufacturer Thomas Sabo , the author Bernd Regenauer and the Swedish band Mando Diao .
The roots of the boxing club FCN , founded by Karl Hertel within the club, go back to 1925. The boxing department provided four German champions , divided into three weight classes, and in 1987 also organized this competition itself. In addition, one clubber each became Bavarian runner-up in 1968 and 2017, and Manfred Hopf became gold medalist at the military world championships in Ghana in 1978.
As of March 2020, one women's and three junior teams play under the flag of the 1. FCN Handball. The handball department was founded within the club in 1921, became an independent club in 1925 and, after its bankruptcy in 2009, was re-established within the 1. FCN. Between the seasons 2002/03 and 2008/09, the women's team played in the top division, the Bundesliga .
In its history, 1. FC Nürnberg produced a number of successful athletes. Athletics within the 1. FCN began in 1902. However, a separate department no longer exists. Therefore, under the umbrella club, there is no independent athletics club in succession to this department.
At German championships as early as 1920, with H. Bischof, an athlete from the club stood on the podium as third over 3000 meters obstacle .
Before the Second World War, Marie Dollinger was one of the most successful athletes of 1. FCN , who took part in the Olympic Games three times (1928, 1932 and 1936) and set a world record over 800 meters in 1931. On the long distance, Heinrich Hönninger was one of the best athletes in Germany over 10,000 meters and was third in the German championships in 1937 and 1939. The triple jumper Konrad Engelhard, third in the German championship in 1932, should also be mentioned like the hurdler Reinhold Boehm, third in the German championship over 400 meters in 1933.
During the war, the career of javelin thrower Inge Wolf began , who became German champion four times between 1941 and 1949. Elisabeth Groß emulated her, but she was only runner-up in 1951 and finished third in 1954 and 1955. The discus thrower Else Graf or later Else Hümmer also stood on the podium for the first time at German championships in 1942 when she came second. After that, however, the future champion competed for SV Nürnberg-Süd.
The women's team were German team champions eight times in a row from 1950 to 1957. This team included Anneliese Seonbuchner , who relegated her teammate Lotte Wackersreuther to second place in the 1950 80-meter hurdles . Seonbucher's greatest success was the silver medal in the 80 meter hurdles at the European Championships in 1954. They also included two of the best high jumpers : Maria Sturm , German champion in 1954 and 1955 and vice-champion in 1956, and Wilhelmine Schubert , German vice-champion in 1955 and 1957 and third in the DM in 1958. Maria Sturm was also all-around champion in 1955 and 1956, a discipline in which Anneliese Seonbuchner was on the podium several times at German championships. In 1957, the 4 x 100 meter relay with the line-up of Marika Otting, Anneliese Seonbuchner, Brunhilde Hendrix and Barbara Ebert won the title at the German championships.
In the men's category, the sprinter Karl-Friedrich Haas achieved outstanding results. At the Olympic Games in 1952 he won the bronze medal with the 4 x 400 meter relay, in 1956 he was successful over 400 meters solo and returned with the silver medal. In the long jump it was Herbert Vatter who came third at the German championships in 1950. The hurdler Herbert Stürmer over 110 meters and the pole vaulter Rudolf Zech entered the list of winners as third at the German championships in 1957. In 1958, Zech even became German indoor pole vault champions.
After the great successes of the 1950s, 1. FC Nürnberg track and field athletes only appeared sporadically. In 1961, Helga Kraus took second place at the German championships over 60 meter hurdles. In 1965 Jürgen Kalfelder was German runner-up over 400 meters, and Martin Jellinghaus achieved the same placement over 200 meters. In 1971 the long jumper Hans Pfister also took third place at the German championships, as did Christine Tackenberg in the 200 meter sprint. The last top placement was in 1975 when Udo Haffer came second in the German indoor championships in the high jump.
Rolling and ice sports
The area, which is designed for both amateur and competitive sports , offers roller-skating , speed skating ( inline skating and speed skating ), hockey ( skater and ice hockey ) as well as bike polo and roller derby .
The swimming department, whose members can also play water polo ( barracudas ) or take part in aqua fitness courses , is also part of the 1st FCN umbrella organization. Since they were founded in 1913, the swimmers have produced three South German and two German champions. By far the most successful swimmer of the 1. FCN was world and two-time European champion Claudia Stich.
The oldest ski club in Nuremberg can look back on successes at the Bavarian and German city championships, the German university championships or the Germany Cup, as well as the Bavarian and German championships .
The tennis club, which was founded in 1924 and has been independent since 1995, has several teams of all ages. Between 2013 and 2019 he was the host of an international women's tennis tournament at the WTA . The first men's team played in the Bundesliga for a total of 17 years , but never won the championship there. For this, the teams of the club were ten times Bavarian and five times South German team champions between 1952 and 2000.
As the seventh German football club, 1. FC Nürnberg has set up a department for eSports . The winner of the Virtual Bundesliga , Daniel "Bubu" Butenko, was hired in 2016 to establish the company. The association hopes to address a young audience and to win advertising partners for eSport. In the 2017/18 season, Kai "Hensoo" Hense won the kicker eSport Cup, a first title.
The current line-up of the FIFA team consists of:
|Daniel "Bubu" Butenko||07||FIFA player||10/2017|
- 2018: kicker eSport Cup
Since February 2017, 1 FC Nürnberg has been participating with other Bundesliga clubs in the first "prevention program for (X) XL football fans in training", which the German Cancer Aid Foundation supports nationwide.
In the same year the association started the model project "1. FC Niño" to promote health-promoting exercise in primary schools. Participating schools in 2018 were the Konrad-Groß-Schule, the Holzgartenschule, the Wilhelm-Löhe-Schule , the Gretel-Bergmann-Schule, the Reutersbrunnenschule, the Bartholomäusschule and the Maiacher Schule.
As part of the COVID-19 pandemic in Germany , the FCN launched the “Club Shopping Helpers ” initiative in March 2020. Citizens who cannot or should not leave the house can call a specially set up hotline and ask for food to be obtained. In addition to employees of the association, fans as buyers or suppliers and the Kaufland retail chain also take part in the campaign.
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