Women's Tennis Association
|Women's Tennis Association
|founding||June 1973 in London|
|founder||Billie Jean King|
Mickey Lawler ,
The Women's Tennis Association (WTA) is the association of professional tennis players . It is therefore the counterpart to the Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP) for men. The International Tennis Federation (ITF), which lays down the rules of the game, stands above WTA and ATP .
The WTA was founded as the Virginia Slim Series in 1970 because of the significant differences in prize money between men and women in tennis. In September 1970, nine players, the so-called Original 9 , signed a one-dollar contract with Gladys Heldman , the editor of World Tennis Magazine . The players were Billie Jean King , Rosie Casals , Nancy Richey , Kerry Melville , Peaches Bartkowicz , Kristy Pigeon , Judy Tegart , Valerie Ziegenfuss and Julie Heldman . The contract authorized the players to compete in the Virginia Slims Series. 1971 was the first official season of the tour, in which 19 tournaments were played. That year, Billie Jean King became the first professional player to win more than $ 100,000 in one season. It was also King who founded today's WTA in London in 1973 . In the same year, the tournament management of the US Open paid the players the same amount of prize money as the men for the first time. In 1974, the WTA signed a television broadcast rights agreement with CBS for the first time . In 1975 a women's world ranking was introduced - with Chris Evert in first place. The placement of the players was from now on a criterion for admission to tournaments. In 1980 more than 250 women played the tournament series, which included 47 tournaments worldwide. In 1982 Martina Navrátilová became the first player to win over $ 1 million in prize money in one season.
The WTA now has two more so-called headquarters in addition to the corporate headquarters in St. Petersburg, these are the European headquarters in London and the Asia-Pacific headquarters in Beijing . The chairman and managing director is Stacey Allaster . She was the WTA Tour President since 2006 and was promoted to Managing Director in 2009. She announced her resignation in September 2015. Vice-president is Laurence Applebaum . Steve Simon has been the new President since October 5, 2015.
The women's tennis series organized by the WTA is called the WTA Tour , to which most professional tournaments belong. The most important tournament is the WTA Tour Championships . The "normal" tournaments of the WTA Tour are divided into different classes (English "Tiers"); up to 2008 these were, from bottom to top, Tier I to Tier V. Since the reform that took effect in 2009, the five tier classes have been replaced by the four “categories” International , Premier , Premier 5 and Premier Mandatory .
The WTA maintains the point rankings for the women's tennis world rankings . To be there, a player must be 14 years of age and have collected points in at least three tournaments. The world rankings are updated every Monday (except during the two-week Grand Slam tournaments). The points scored in a tournament depend on which round a player has reached.
The first world number one was on November 3, 1975 Chris Evert . At 377 weeks, Steffi Graf is the player who has topped the tennis world rankings for the longest time. The youngest world number one to date was Martina Hingis . A total of 26 different players have been at the top of the ranking so far, the last newcomer to this group in January 2019 after her second Grand Slam in Australia was the Japanese Naomi Osaka .
The association will award the WTA Awards various awards for special achievements during the season, including for the "Player of the Year" , the "double-team of the year" , the "climber of the year" , the "Rookie of the Year" , the "Returning Woman of the Year" and the "Best Tournament of the Year" , as well as several audience prizes that are determined by fan votes, such as B. "Beat of the Year" or "Game of the Year" .
Active players are shown in bold .
Most single titles
Most double titles
Oldest single title winner
Youngest female title winner
In 2013 (as of October 28, 2013), a total of 22 female players earned more than 1,000,000 US dollars, more than in any previous season. The American Serena Williams set a new earnings record for tournament prize money in women's tennis in her outstanding 2013 season with total prize money of 12,385,572 US dollars.
At the end of 2017, there were a total of 16 players who had earned more than $ 20 million in tournament prize money in their careers.
|No.||Player||Total prize money|
- Official website of the WTA (English)
- The history of the WTA. Archived from the original on September 20, 2012 ; accessed on September 20, 2012 (English).
- Original 9 Reunion: It's A Wrap! wtatennis.com
- Biography of Billie Jean King. fembio.org, accessed September 20, 2012 .
- Media guide of the WTA 2011 (page 6). Archived from the original on September 5, 2012 ; accessed on September 20, 2012 (English).
- STACEY ALLASTER LEAVING AS WTA'S CHIEF EXECUTIVE. In: tennis.com. September 22, 2015, accessed September 12, 2016 .
- Indian Wells executive Steve Simon to take over as WTA CEO. In: ESPN . October 5, 2015, accessed September 12, 2016 .