|International Tennis Federation|
New York United States
|Tournament type||Free place tournament|
|Game surface||Hard court|
Men: 128E / 128Q / 64D
Women: 128E / 128Q / 64D
Mixed: 32 pairings
|Prize money||US $ 57,240,000|
|Center Court||22,547 spectators|
|As of July 18, 2019|
The US Open tennis tournament is usually the fourth Grand Slam tournament of the year. It will be played in August / September in New York City at the USTA Billie Jean King National Tennis Center in Flushing Meadows .
The part of the name Open ( English for open ) indicates that the event is open to participants regardless of nationality, status (amateur, professional), gender, age, etc.
In 1881 the first US National Men's Championships were held. The women's competition was first played in 1887. The first matches have not yet taken place in New York, but at the men's in the Newport Casino in Newport , Rhode Island ; The Newport ATP tournament is taking place on this site today . The ladies wore their competitions at the Philadelphia Cricket Club in Philadelphia . In 1915 the venue changed to the West Side Tennis Club in Forest Hills in Queens , New York , and in 1978 they moved a few kilometers to Flushing Meadows. In the USTA Billie Jean King National Tennis Center built there , the Louis Armstrong Stadium initially served as the center court until the Arthur Ashe Stadium was built there in 1997 . This stadium, named after the American tennis player Arthur Ashe , is by far the largest tennis facility in the world with 22,547 seats. Up to and including 1974, the US Open was played on grass before switching to clay courts (Har-Tru) for three years . Since 1978 it has been played on hard court surfaces ( DecoTurf ) , a concrete-plastic mixture.
Traditionally, the men's singles final takes place on Sunday and the women's final on Saturday. In 2008, a women's semifinals could not be completed due to rain on Saturday; it had to be postponed to the regular day of the men's final. As a result, the men's final took place on a Monday for the first time since 1987. In the following four years, the men's final had to be postponed to Monday due to rain. Because of Super Saturday, on which both the men's semifinals and the women's finals are scheduled, interruptions in rain on the last weekend at the US Open are difficult to compensate without postponing the men's final. Because of these weather-related reasons, but also at the request of many players, the decision was made to postpone both the women's and men's finals by one day from 2013; thus the men's final takes place regularly on Monday and Super Saturday is history.
Since 2016 Arthur Ashe Court has had a sliding roof that can be closed when it rains. This means that an encounter can continue when it starts to rain, interrupting it for about fifteen minutes, which is needed to close the roof. Since the tournament will mainly be played on Arthur Ashe Court within the second week , weather-related game abandons or even postponements are excluded. Since then they have returned to the old mode of holding the women's final on Saturday and the men's final on Sunday.
The women have a heat break of 10 minutes between the 2nd and 3rd set, during which they stay in an air-conditioned area. Since August 2018, men have also been allowed a break at temperatures above 35 ° C, between the 3rd and 4th set.
- Gentlemen :
Before the Open Era , three men - Richard Sears (1880s), William Larned (1910s) and Bill Tilden (1920s) - were the most successful with seven wins each; they are the record winners of the tournament, with Sears winning his seven titles in a row. However, this was also due to the mode, because by 1911 the defending champion was automatically qualified for the final. Since 1968, Jimmy Connors , Pete Sampras and Roger Federer have been the most successful with five wins, Federer even won his five titles in a row. Connors managed the feat of being the only player to win the US Open on three different surfaces.
In doubles, Richard Sears, James Dwight and Holcombe Ward are record winners with six titles, in the Open Era the twins Bob and Mike Bryan were the most successful with five titles. Todd Woodbridge and Mark Woodforde are the only double to have defended a double title since 1968.
- Women :
The American Molla Mallory is the record winner with eight titles that she won between 1915 and 1926; after 1968 Chris Evert and Serena Williams were the most successful single players with six US Open titles each. Mallory and Evert also managed to win four titles in a row, which is also a record.
In the 1940s and 1950s Margaret Osborne duPont won the women's doubles competition a total of 13 times, making her the record winner; with 10 wins she also holds the record for the most double titles in a row. Martina Navrátilová was most successful in the Open Era, winning 9 double titles from the late 1970s to the early 1990s. The Open Era record for most double titles in a row hold Virginia Ruano Pascual and Paola Suárez , who were able to win the double competition three times in a row from 2002 to 2004.
- Mixed :
Margaret Osborne duPont and Margaret Smith Court are record winners with eight mixed titles, and Court, together with Martina Navratilová and Billie Jean King, also holds the Open Era record of three titles. Before 1968, Bill Tilden and Bill Talbert were the most successful men with four mixed victories; since the beginning of the Open Era, Todd Woodbridge and Bob Bryan have held the record with three titles each.
Winner from the German-speaking area
Eight Germans have so far won a title at the US Open: Henner Henkel and Gottfried von Cramm in 1937 in men's doubles, Claudia Kohde-Kilsch in 1985 in ladies' doubles, Boris Becker in 1989 in men’s singles and Philipp Petzschner in 2011 in men’s doubles; With five wins and three other finals, Steffi Graf is by far the most successful German at the US Open. She won her first title in 1988; she finished a calendar year grand slam as the second woman in the Open Era . In 2016 Angelique Kerber won the women's singles, Laura Siegemund also won the title in the mixed competition.
From a Swiss point of view, in addition to the five titles by Roger Federer (2004–2008) and Stan Wawrinka's victory in 2016, Martina Hingis' titles in singles in 1997, doubles in 1998 and 2015 and mixed in 2015 should also be mentioned. Hingis reached the individual finals two more times. In the men's doubles, no Swiss could enter the list of winners, Heinz Günthardt reached the final in 1981; In 1985, however, Günthardt won the mixed competition at Flushing Meadows with Martina Navrátilová.
In the individual, neither an Austrian nor an Austrian reached the final. In the men's double final, however, Julian Knowle (together with the Swede Simon Aspelin ) and Jürgen Melzer (with Petzschner) were victorious in 2007 ; they are the only Austrian US Open winners.
- List of US Open winners (men's singles)
- List of US Open winners (women singles)
- List of US Open winners (men's doubles)
- List of US Open winners (women's doubles)
- List of US Open winners (mixed)
- List of US Open winners (junior singles)
- List of US Open winners (junior singles)
- List of US Open winners (junior doubles)
- List of US Open winners (junior doubles)
At the first US Open in the Open Era in 1968, prize money of $ 26,150 was distributed to the tennis pros - 20 years later it was already $ 2,612,126. In 2000, with $ 15.011 million, more than ten million US dollars were distributed for the first time. In 2017, more than $ 50 million in prize money was distributed at the US Open for the first time. The tournament thus holds the record of $ 50.4 million, making it the tennis tournament with the highest prize money ahead of the three other Grand Slam tournaments. The winners of the women’s and men’s individual competition each received a $ 3.7 million prize money. 2018 increased to 53 million. Overall, the prize money increased by 57% from 2013 to 2018. In 2019, the total prize money will be $ 57.24 million, which means that the total prize money at the US Open has more than doubled since 2011.
- Heat wave causes rule change at US Open. In: derstandard.de. August 29, 2018. Retrieved August 29, 2018 .
- Nicholas J. Walz: 40 Important Women's Moments: 1985, The Youngest To Win. In: usopen.org. August 21, 2013, archived from the original on August 31, 2013 ; accessed on April 6, 2017 .
- Prize money US Open 2019: This is how much Djokovic & Co. earn. In: tennismagazin.de. July 24, 2019, accessed August 23, 2019 .
- US Open to hit prize money milestone. In: wtatennis.com. Accessed August 29, 2018 .
- The US Open 2018 is about 53 million US dollars! In: spox.com. July 18, 2018, accessed July 18, 2018 .