Tennis world ranking
The tennis world ranking list , published for men by the ATP and for women by the WTA , is a world ranking list in tennis based on the same concept . For them, the points earned in the best 18 (in a few cases 19) tennis tournaments from the past 52 weeks are added up and the respective position is determined on a weekly basis.
The world rankings play an important role in most tennis tournaments. It depends on the position at which the respective player is "placed". The seeding list in turn determines which players compete against each other and when. Among other things, it ensures that the best players do not meet in the first few rounds.
Men's world ranking
Until 2008, a distinction was made between two models in the men's world rankings. On the one hand there was the Champions Race , which was introduced at the beginning of the 2000 season, restricted from 2006 (see below) and discontinued at the end of the 2008 season; on the other hand, the entry system, which is still used today, the calculation method of the old world rankings. Both lists were kept in parallel, although the importance of the two addition methods was disputed among experts.
In the 1973 season the ATP ranking was introduced, in which the results of the previous 52 weeks are included in the evaluation. After the introduction of the Champions Race (results from the previous season), the system was retained because, especially at the beginning of the season, there is more of a meaningful picture of the actual balance of power in men's tennis. For this reason, it also serves as the basis for the seeding list in all tournaments. This world ranking list was called the Entry System between 2000 and 2005 parallel to the Champions Race . Since the 2006 season, the entry system has once again been the official world ranking list of the ATP and has been given the new designation "ATP ranking".
With the 2009 season, the distribution of points in the world rankings was changed. The number of points for tournament victories in Grand Slam and Masters Series tournaments was doubled, while that for smaller tournaments was only increased to a lesser extent. The number of points for reaching the successive tournament rounds was also not increased evenly; Rather, reaching the next higher round (round of 16, quarter-finals, etc.) is weighted more heavily these days due to a relatively higher number of points.
Calculation of the ATP ranking since 2009
Up to 19 tournament results are included in the rating for each player. These results are specified in the following way:
- the four point results from the Grand Slam tournaments . If a player, for whatever reason, does not take part in one or more Grand Slam tournaments, 0 points are noted for this. It cannot replace a Grand Slam tournament (A tournament) with any tournament. This also applies in the event that he cannot compete due to injury or illness. For the ATP ranking this is still rated as a played tournament.
- the eight point results from the Masters 1000 tournaments (B tournaments). There are actually nine B tournaments, but the Monte Carlo tournament is treated like a C tournament in this context. Here, too, the following applies: If a player, for whatever reason, does not take part in a B tournament, 0 points are noted for this. He cannot replace a missed B tournament with a C, D or E tournament.
- the six best point results from the C (500 series, Masters 1000 Monte Carlo ), D (250 series), E (Challenger series) and F tournaments (Future series) . For the players who were among the top 30 in the world rankings at the end of the preseason, there is a special rule: four C tournaments must be completed in the following season (but not necessarily included in the rating), at least one of which after the US Open must be played. If a top 30 player does not take part in any C tournament after the US Open, 0 points will be awarded once. If he has played fewer than four C tournaments in the last 52 weeks, he will also be given 0 points for each missing tournament.
- as a possible additional 19th result , the points achieved at the season-closing ATP Finals will be counted.
The maximum number of points a player can reach is 21,000. The highest number of points that a player achieved in the ATP world rankings was 16,950 points; Novak Đoković achieved this record on June 6, 2016.
However, if a player does not take part in one of the twelve mandatory tournaments (four Grand Slam (A) and eight Masters tournaments (B)) due to his position in the world ranking list, another tournament can be included in the rating. However, if he is in the main draw in one of these compulsory tournaments - whether through direct qualification via the world ranking position, as a qualifier, as a lucky loser or via a wildcard - the result at this tournament will automatically be included in the rating, even if an injury prevents participation.
Another exception concerns players who at the beginning of a new season
a) have played more than 600 games in their career,
b) have played at least 12 seasons,
c) are at least 31 years old.
For each of the three fulfilled criteria, the player may forego participation in one (i.e. a maximum of three) B-tournament without receiving 0 points. He may replace the missing result with another tournament result (C to F tournaments).
If a seeded player has a bye in the first round and then loses in the second round, no points will be awarded for this tournament. The same applies to wildcard players in Grand Slam or Masters Series tournaments (there are already world ranking points for a first round out): they only receive world ranking points when they reach the second round.
World ranking points for team tournaments
In the years 2009 to 2015, world ranking points were also awarded for victories in Davis Cup games (C-). Overall, a player was able to gain up to 625 points over the course of the season. For each match success in the first round 40 points, 65 points in the quarter-finals, 70 points in the semi-finals and 75 points in the final were awarded. These points were only awarded for matches that were still relevant for the overall decision of the Davis Cup game. No points were awarded for so-called dead rubber , i.e. games that are still being played even though the Davis Cup game has already been decided overall. If a player won all eight possible games in the course of the season, he received (in addition to the regular 500 points for match successes) an additional bonus of 125 points. For players who only won seven matches but won the Davis Cup with their team , there was a lower bonus of 75 points.
There was a participation bonus of ten points for players who could not win a live match (i.e. games relevant to the overall result) in the first round of the tournament . World ranking points were also awarded in the playoff round. For the first victory there were five points, for the second victory an additional ten points.
If a player missed a round, he received the number of points in the next round that would have been awarded in the previous round. For example, a player who only played the quarter-finals for his nation received 40 instead of 65 points for a win there. If he participated in the semi-finals, he would then receive 65 instead of 70 points for each victory. A special case was assessed if a player skipped either the first round or the quarter-finals and then played the semi-finals and finals; then he only received the points for the semifinals that he would have gotten for a quarterfinal victory, but then in the final the full number of points.
From 2009 to 2012, world ranking points were also awarded for the World Team Cup in Düsseldorf in order to make the event taking place directly before the French Open more attractive for the top players. The No. 1 of the team received a maximum of 250 points (35 each for a victory in the three group games and 95 points for a victory in the final and an additional 50 bonus points if he won all four matches and the team also won the WTC) and the No. 2 of the team max. 175 points (25 points for group games, 50 points for the final, 50 bonus points). In doubles, a distinction was made in scoring whether the match still had an impact on the outcome of the "international match" (max. 250 points: 35/95/50) or not (max. 50 points: 10/20 / -).
Point breakdown since 2009
|Grand Slam (A)||2000||1200||720||360||180||90||45||10||25th||16||8th|
|ATP Finals (B +)||max.
|200 for each group game win (three matches)
+400 for the semi-final win, +500 for the final win
|ATP Tour Masters 1000 (B)||1000||600||360||180||90||45||10 (25)||(10)||25 (16) *||16 (8) *|
|Olympic Games (B-)||750||450||340 (3rd)
|ATP Tour 500 (C)||500||300||180||90||45||(20)||20 (10) *||10 (4) *|
|ATP Tour 250 (D)||250||150||90||45||20th||(10)||12 (5) *||6 (3) *|
|Davis Cup (C-)||+75 for 7 wins
+50 for 8th win
|75 / victory||70 / victory||65 / victory||40 / win
10 / netherlands
|Relegation: 5 for one win,
15 for two wins
|ATP Challenger Tour 125||$ 150,000 + H.||125||75||45||25th||10||5|
|ATP Challenger Tour 110||$ 150,000||110||65||40||20th||9||5|
|ATP Challenger Tour 100||$ 125,000||100||60||35||18th||8th||5|
|ATP Challenger Tour 90||$ 100,000||90||55||33||17th||8th||5|
|ATP Challenger Tour 80||$ 75,000||80||48||29||15th||7th||3|
|ATP Challenger Tour 50||$ 50,000||50||30th||15th||7th||4th||1|
|ITF World Tennis Tour||$ 25,000 + H.||20th||12||6th||3||1|
|ITF World Tennis Tour||$ 25,000||20th||12||6th||3||1|
|ITF World Tennis Tour||$ 15,000 + H.||10||6th||4th||2||1|
|ITF World Tennis Tour||$ 15,000||10||6th||4th||2||1|
- Explanation of the header: S = winner; F = finalist; HF = reached semi-finals; VF = quarter finals; AF = round of 16; R3 = round 3 etc .; Q = winner of the last qualifying round; q2 = loser in the last qualifying round; q1 = loser of the penultimate qualifying round
- + H = tournaments that provide accommodation for the players in addition to the prize money are moved to the next higher prize money category
- (*): Qualification bonuses are reduced to the value in brackets if the number of participants in the main field of the tournaments is more than 56 (Masters 1000) or 32 (World Tour 500 & 250)
- (**): In doubles, ranking list points in future tournaments are only awarded from the semi-finals
- (#): Points for the round of 16 2016 increased by 1 and points for the qualification decreased by 2
- (##): Hospitality 2016 added and points taken from the higher category
Point breakdown before 2009
|Grand Slam (A)||1000||700||450||250||150||75||35||5||15th|
|Tennis Masters Cup (B +)||max.
|100 for each group game win (three matches)
+200 for the semi-final win, +250 for the final win
|Tennis Masters Series (B)||500||350||225||125||75||35||5 (15)||(5)||15 *|
|Olympic Games (B-)||400||280||205 (3rd)
|International Series Gold (C)||$ 1,000,000 + H.||300||210||135||75||25th||15th||5||10 *|
|International Series Gold (C)||$ 1,000,000||250||175||110||60||25th||15th||5||10 *|
|International Series (C)||$ 800,000 + H.||250||175||110||60||25th||15th||5||10 *|
|International Series (C)||$ 800,000||225||155||100||55||20th||10||5||10 *|
|International Series (D)||$ 600,000||200||140||90||50||15th||5||5|
|International Series (D)||$ 400,000||175||120||75||40||15th||5||5|
|Challenger (E)||$ 150,000 + H.||100||70||45||23||10||2||3|
|Challenger (E)||$ 150,000||90||63||40||21st||9||1||3|
|Challenger (E)||$ 125,000||80||56||36||19th||8th||1||3|
|Challenger (E)||$ 100,000||70||49||31||16||7th||1||3|
|Challenger (E)||$ 75,000||60||42||27||14th||6th||1||3|
|Challenger (E)||$ 50,000||55||38||24||13||5||1||2|
|Challenger (E)||$ 37,500||50||35||22nd||12||5||1||2|
|Futures (F)||$ 15,000 + H.||24||16||8th||4th||1|
|Futures (F)||$ 15,000||18th||12||6th||3||1|
|Futures (F)||$ 10,000||12||8th||4th||2||1|
- Explanation of the header: S = winner; F = finalist; HF = semi-finalist; VF = quarter finals; AF = round of 16; R3 = round 3 etc.
- + H = tournaments that provide accommodation for the players in addition to the prize money are moved to the next higher prize money category
- (*): The qualification bonus is reduced to five points if the number of participants in the main field of the tournaments is 32 (International Series) or 64 (Masters Series).
The Champions Race was introduced by the ATP primarily for marketing reasons in order to have a world ranking system that is easier to understand even for casual viewers. For example, it was reminiscent of ratings like in Formula 1 . All players started each season at 0 points and were awarded a certain number of points for their results. This was based on the category and the prize money of the tournament. The winner of a Grand Slam tournament (200) received the most points, followed by victory in a tournament in the Masters Series (100) and then the smaller tournaments in the International Series (35-60). The defeated finalist received a lower number of points (140/70 / 24-42) etc. There were additional bonus points for players who had reached the main field via qualification. A total of only 18 tournaments could be included in this rating (the four Grand Slam tournaments, the nine Masters Series tournaments and the five best ratings from other tournaments). The first eight places in the Champions Race then enabled participation in the Tennis Masters Cup , the tennis world championship at the end of each season. If one of the four Grand Slam winners was not among the top 8 (but among the 20 best) in the world rankings, he was still able to take part in the tournament - apart from him, only the seven best of the rankings were qualified. Race points were also awarded for the games in the Masters Cup, so that the cup was an additional 19th tournament for the eight qualified players.
A player could achieve a maximum of 2,150 points in the Champions Race (except for the qualification bonus) (800 points for Grand Slam tournaments, 900 points for the Masters Series, 300 points for the additional tournaments and 150 points for the Masters Cup) . Roger Federer came closest to this number when he had 1,674 points in the 2006 season.
For the 2006 season, the ATP reacted to the repeated criticism of the Champions Race and put its status on hold. The classification was continued, but was only brought to the fore with the tournaments from the US Open onwards as a qualification ranking for the Masters Cup.
With the 2009 season, the "Race" was discontinued as part of the introduction of the ATP Tour and the change in the world rankings. Ratings similar to the (original) ATP Race, which start with zero points at the beginning of the year, will continue to run parallel to the world rankings in singles and doubles teams; The qualification for the ATP Finals is determined based on these ratings . The value of the individual tournaments when awarding points is identical to that of the ATP ranking.
Scoring - Breakdown
|Grand Slam (A)||200||140||90||50||30th||15th||7th||1||3|
|Tennis Masters Cup (B +)||max.
|20 for each group game win (three matches)
+40 for the semi-final win, +50 for the final win
|Tennis Masters Series (B)||100||70||45||25th||15th||7th||1 (4)||(1)||3 *|
|International Series Gold (C)||$ 1,000,000||60||42||27||15th||5||3||2 *|
|International Series Gold (C)||$ 800,000||50||35||22nd||12||5||3||2 *|
|International Series (C)||$ 1,000,000||50||35||22nd||12||5||3||2 *|
|International Series (C)||$ 800,000||45||31||20th||11||4th||2||2 *|
|International Series (D)||$ 600,000||40||28||18th||10||3 (4)||(2)||1|
|International Series (D)||$ 400,000||35||24||15th||8th||3||1|
(*) The qualification bonuses will be reduced to one point if the number of participants in the main field of the tournaments is over 32 (International Series) or 64 (Masters Series).
The previous world number one
Women's world ranking
WTA Tour Ranking
The WTA has been compiling a weekly world ranking list since the end of 1975. This always appears at the beginning of the week during the season, with the exception of the assembly during the major two-week events (Grand Slam tournaments, Indian Wells and Miami). It includes the tournaments of the past 52 weeks, whereby for each player a maximum of 16 results with the highest points (double: 11) are evaluated taking into account the following criteria:
- For every player who qualifies for the main draw of the mandatory tournaments (category: Premier Mandatory), the Grand Slam tournaments and the WTA championships, these events count towards the best 16 (11) results.
- For each top 20 player, two Premier 5 tournaments count towards the best 16 (11) results.
The prerequisite for being in the world rankings is a minimum age of 14 years and participation in at least three tournaments. In 2006 the WTA changed its ranking system: since then, tournaments have only awarded points for the round reached (see table below). Before that, a player received additional bonus points ( "quality points" ) for every victory , depending on the world ranking position of the opponent. The record of 7,626 points held by Justine Henin was still achieved using the old system.
Race to the Championships
The Race to the Championships for women is the counterpart to the Champions Race for men. This ranking list also starts from zero every season and records the results of the players in the calendar year. The points achieved in the tournaments are added up - in contrast to the normal WTA ranking, however, there is no limit to the number of tournaments that are included in the rating. At the end of the season, the eight best players in this category qualified for the WTA Championships in early November. Unlike the ATP, the WTA uses the same point evaluation for both rankings for each tournament.
- Grand Slam tournaments ( Australian Open , French Open , Wimbledon , US Open )
- WTA Tour Championships : $ 6.5 million in prize money.
- WTA Tournament of Champions : $ 750,000 in prize money, year-end event for the best of the non-championship players
- WTA tournaments of different classes:
- Premier Events (correspond to the old Tier 1 and Tier 2 events, divided into 3 subclasses: Premier Mandatory, Premier 5 and Premier)
- International events (30 tournaments, correspond to the old tier 3 and 4 events)
- ITF tournaments of various categories
List of points for WTA and ITF tournaments (since 2014)
The first table shows an overview of the distribution of points for reaching the respective tournament round in the individual competitions. The column "Total prize money" indicates the minimum total prize money paid out for an event in this category. The second table applies to doubles competitions.
|Tournament category||Players in the main field||Total prize money||S.||F.||HF||VF||AF||R32||R64||R128||QLFR||Q3||Q2||Q1|
|Grand Slam (A)||128||inconsistent||2000||1300||780||430||240||130||70||10||40||30th||20th||2|
|WTA Championships (B +)||8th||$ 6.5 million||max. 1500||max. 1080||(250 for every round robin game won and 125 for every lost round robin game, 330 for winning the semi-finals, 420 for winning the final)|
|Premier Mandatory (B)||96 or 64||1||1000||650||390||215||120||65||35 5||10||30th||-||20th||2|
|Premier 5 (B)||56||2||900||585||350||190||105||60||1||-||30th||22 6||15th||1|
|Olympic Games (B-)||64||$ 0||685||470||340/260||175||95||55||1||-||-||-||-||-|
|Premier (C)||56 or 32||3||470||305||185||100||55||30 7||1||-||25th||18 7||13||1|
|WTA Tournament of Champions (D +)||8th||$ 750,000||max. 375||max. 255||(60 for every round robin game won and 25 for every lost round robin game, 75 for a semi-final win and 120 for a win in the final)|
|International (D)||56 or 32||$ 250,000||280||180||110||60||30th||1||-||-||18th||14 8||10||1|
|$ 125,000 + H 4 (E)||32||$ 125,000||160||95||57||29||15th||1||-||-||6th||-||4th||1|
|ITF $ 100,000 + H 4 (E)||32||$ 100,000||150||90||55||28||14th||1||-||-||6th||4th||1||-|
|ITF $ 100,000 (E)||32||$ 100,000||140||85||50||25th||13||1||-||-||6th||4th||1||-|
|ITF $ 75,000 + H 4 (E)||32||$ 75,000||130||80||48||24||12||1||-||-||5||3||1||-|
|ITF $ 75,000 (E)||32||$ 75,000||115||70||42||21st||10||1||-||-||5||3||1||-|
|ITF $ 50,000 + H 4 (E)||32||$ 50,000||100||60||36||18th||9||1||-||-||5||3||1||-|
|ITF $ 50,000 (E)||32||$ 50,000||80||48||29||15th||8th||1||-||-||5||3||1||-|
|ITF $ 25,000 + H 4 (E)||32||$ 25,000||60||36||22nd||11||6th||1||-||-||2||-||-||-|
|ITF $ 25,000 (E)||32||$ 25,000||50||30th||18th||9||5||1||-||-||1||-||-||-|
|ITF $ 15,000 (F)||32||$ 15,000||25th||15th||9||5||1||0||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|ITF $ 10,000 (F)||32||$ 10,000||12||7th||4th||2||1||0||-||-||-||-||-||-|
- $ 1 5,427,105: Indian Wells, Miami, Beijing; € 4,231,877: Madrid
- 2 $ 2,440,070: Doha, Rome, Montreal / Toronto, Cincinnati, Wuhan
- 3 $ 2 million: Dubai; $ 1 million: Brisbane; $ 710,000: Sydney, Paris, Charleston, Stuttgart, Birmingham, Eastbourne, Stanford, New Haven, Carlsbad, Tokyo, Moscow
- 4 hospitality
- 5 is canceled in Madrid and Beijing due to the 64 peloton
- 6 only for 64 qualification fields, otherwise 20 points for Q2
- 7 only for 56 main fields
- 8 only for 32 qualification fields, otherwise 12 points for Q2
|Tournament category||Pairs in the main draw||S.||F.||HF||VF||AF||R32||R64||QLFR|
|Grand Slam (A)||64||2000||1300||780||430||240||130||10||40|
|WTA Championships (B +)||4th||1500||1050||690||-||-||-||-||-|
|Premier Mandatory (B)||32 or 28||1000||650||390||215||120||10||-||-|
|Premier 5 (B)||32 or 28||900||585||350||190||105 1||1||-||-|
|Olympic Games (B-)||64||685||470||340/260||175||95||55||1||-|
|$ 125,000 + H (E)||16||160||95||57||29||1||-||-||-|
|ITF $ 100,000 + H (E)||16||150||90||55||28||1||-||-||-|
|ITF $ 100,000 (E)||16||140||85||50||25th||1||-||-||-|
|ITF $ 75,000 + H (E)||16||130||80||48||24||1||-||-||-|
|ITF $ 75,000 (E)||16||115||70||42||21st||1||-||-||-|
|ITF $ 50,000 + H (E)||16||100||60||36||18th||1||-||-||-|
|ITF $ 50,000 (E)||16||80||48||29||15th||1||-||-||-|
|ITF $ 25,000 + H (E)||16||60||36||22nd||11||1||-||-||-|
|ITF $ 25,000 (E)||16||50||30th||18th||9||1||-||-||-|
|ITF $ 15,000 (F)||16||25th||15th||9||5||0||-||-||-|
|ITF $ 10,000 (F)||16||12||7th||4th||2||0||-||-||-|
1 only for 28 main fields
The previous world number one
- Official regulations of the WTA Tour (English; PDF; 1.6 MB)
- Current world rankings for women , WTA ranking (Women's Tennis Association)
- Current world ranking of men , ATP ranking (Association of Tennis Professionals)
- ATP / WTA Points