Hannover 96

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Hannover 96
Club coat of arms of Hannover 96
Template: Infobox football company / maintenance / no picture
Surname Hannoverscher Sportverein
von 1896 e. V.
Seat Hanover , Lower Saxony
founding April 12, 1896
Colours Black-white-green
Members 23,000 (February 2019)
Board Sebastian Kramer (Chairman)
Hans Teille
Alexander Berwing
Benjamin Kahnt
Robin Krakow
Website hannover96.de/verein
Football company
Template: Infobox football company / maintenance / no picture
Surname Hannover 96 GmbH & Co. KGaA
Limited partner Hannover 96 Sales & Service
GmbH & Co. KG
→ 52.73%: Martin Kind
→ 27.51%: Gregor Baum
→ 19.76%: Dirk Roßmann
General partner GmbH Hannover 96 Management GmbH
→ 100%: Hannover 96 e. V.
(general partner GmbH)
Martin child
Björn Bremer
Website hannover96.de
First team
Head coach Kenan Kocak
Venue HDI arena
Places 49,200
league 2nd Bundesliga
2019/20 6th place
Choreography of the Hanoverian fans against VfL Wolfsburg on the 1st matchday of the 2013/14 season on August 10, 2013

The Hannoversche Sportverein von 1896 eV , commonly known as Hannover 96 , is a sports club in Hanover . His sports offer includes the sports of badminton , bowling , darts , floorball , soccer , handicaps, bowling , athletics , chess , swimming , dancing , tennis , table tennis , table football and triathlon , as well as the departments "Fit & Kids", "Tradition" and the " Fan department ". The club currently has around 23,000 members, making it one of the 25 sports clubs in Germany with the largest number of members , around 2,200 are active or passive members of the individual sports ; .

Hannover 96 is best known for its footballers, who became German champions in 1938 and 1954 and predominantly played in the top German division. In 1992 the professionals won the DFB Cup, and in the 2010s they twice reached the knockout phase of the Europa League. Since December 20, 1999, the licensed players department has been spun off into Hannover 96 GmbH & Co. KGaA , whose limited partnership shares have been held entirely by Hannover 96 Sales & Service GmbH & Co. KG since autumn 2014 , the majority of which is owned by long-time club president Martin Child is located. The general partner authorized to manage the company and fully liable is Hannover 96 Management GmbH , whose shares are held in full by the association, which means that the 50 + 1 rule is observed.

Although Hannover 96 has the club colors black, white and green , the players of the soccer teams are called "the red ones" by the fans because of their traditional red home jerseys. The historical background to this different jersey choice has not been clarified. Since 1930 at the latest, the 96s have been called "red shirts" in newspapers. Even the forerunner “ Hanover Football Club of 1896 ” used red jerseys despite the black, white and green club colors. The club anthem is 96 - Alte Liebe .

The team's home stadium is the Lower Saxony Stadium , built in 1954 and now sponsored by the HDI Arena . The amateur footballers from Hannover 96 played their home games in the club's own Eilenriedestadion until 2008 , then they played first in today's HDI-Arena and since 2012 in the Beekestadion , only to return there in 2016 after the renovation of the Eilenriedestadion. On January 17, 2011, the street where the stadium and the office are located was renamed by the city of Hanover from Arthur-Menge -Ufer to Robert-Enke - Straße after the deceased 96 goalkeeper .

In May 2014 Hannover 96 decided to set up a youth performance center on the grounds of the Eilenriedestadion. The monument is supported in the transformation of the historic stadium bill. The measure was made possible by the Hannover Hockey Club by agreeing to move within the Eilenriedestadion.


With the exception of the seasons 1996/97 and 1997/98, the professional football team of Hannover 96 always played in the highest or second highest division in Germany and was German champion twice , in 1938 and 1954. Hannover was German amateur champion three times : 1960, 1964 and 1965. In 1992 the 96ers won the DFB Cup as the first real second division team . Internationally, Hannover 96 was last represented in the UEFA Europa League in the 2012/13 season . 96 took part in a total of ten seasons in the European club competition, seven times in the trade fair cup , twice in the Europa League and once in the European Cup Winners' Cup . From 2002 to 2016 Hannover 96 played continuously in the Bundesliga . In the 2019/20 season, the club plays in the 2nd Bundesliga. In the first 56 Bundesliga seasons 1963-2019, 96 belonged to the 1st Bundesliga in 30 seasons.


1896–1938: From the founding of the club to the first championship

1905: The HFC v. Club flag proudly presented in the field of the cycling track at the horse tower . 1896;
in front of an advertising banner of the " Adler - Mortorwagen -
Marke "
Rugby team in 1897
Pedigree of Hannover 96

Sports pioneer Ferdinand Wilhelm Fricke was an important sponsor during the development of Hannover 96 . On April 12, 1896 Hannover 96 was founded as the Hannoverscher Fußball-Club von 1896 (HFC). Despite the name of the club, rugby was initially played, as in most clubs , before the club dedicated itself in 1899 to the modern football game ( Association Football ), which is becoming more popular in Germany . In 1901 the rugby club became a football club.

Also from 1901, Max Senn from Switzerland became the captain and “one of the first foreigners ever to be on record in German football”. He had actually come to Hanover to work as a brief instructor for the watchmaker M. Stellmann . The Swiss football enthusiast, whom contemporary witnesses described as an “excellent ball technician”, joined the HFC privately as a striker.

On July 3, 1913, the Hannoversche Sportverein from 1896 was created through a merger of the Hannoversche FC from 1896 with the BV Hannovera 1898 . The latter was created in 1905 through the merger of FV Hannovera 1898 Hannover and Hannoverchen BV, which was split off from HFC 1896 in 1902 . In 1902 the players from FV Germania 1902 Hannover had already joined the HFC 1896 . From the beginning until well into the 1950s, the club played its games on the Hanoverian cycling track at the horse tower . At the merger in 1913, black trousers and white shirts were chosen as the game costume. The club then returned to the red jerseys of the HFC.

In 1905 the Hannoversche FC , which competed in red jerseys despite the black, white and green club colors, became city champions for the first time. Then he failed in the final round of the North German championship at the later arch-rival Eintracht Braunschweig , which was repeated six times until the beginning of the First World War . The team always played a leading role within Hanover, but the 96ers did not come into the national field of vision until the 1930s. In 1932, Robert Fuchs was the first full-time coach for football players at Hannover 96. Robert Fuchs was employed as a trainer at 96 for a total of 16 years (albeit with an interruption). In August 1935, Edmund Malecki and Fritz Deike , two players from Hannover 96 were appointed to the national team for the first time.

In the 1937/38 season Hannover 96 became German champions in football for the first time . The team reached the final with a 3-2 after extra time in the semifinals in Dresden against Hamburger SV . The final was held in Berlin on June 26, 1938. Opponent was the dominant team of FC Schalke 04 in the 1930s , which was considered a high favorite. In front of more than 90,000 spectators, the result was 3: 3 after extra time. In the repetition of the final, played again in Berlin on July 3, 1938, this time in front of 94,000 spectators, it was again 3: 3 after regular time. Hannover 96 scored the winning goal in extra time to make it 4: 3 nV and thus a sensation that was hardly thought possible: Hannover 96 was German soccer champion in 1938 .

The following players played both the first final and the replay for the Reds: Ludwig Pritzer - Helmut Sievert , Willi Petzold - Johannes Jakobs , Ernst Deike , Ludwig Männer - Edmund Malecki , Ludwig Pöhler , Erich Meng , Peter Lay - Richard Meng . Schalke 04 also played both games with the same line-up.

In the following years 96 always played in the respective Gauliga.

1945–1963: From the re-establishment to the founding of the Bundesliga

During the occupation of Hanover by the Allies as a result of the Second World War , Hanover 96 was dissolved in 1945, like all clubs in Germany. In 1946 the association was re-established. In 1947, 96 at the green table was accepted into the newly founded league as the top division . In the very first season in the Oberliga-Nord, the team had to relegate and began in 1949 for the first time in the second division. After Holstein Kiel was subsequently excluded from the league and Hannover 96 was awarded a guaranteed starting place in the league for the 1949/50 season, the club announced the team from ongoing play and played the rest of the season exclusively with friendly games.

Hannover 96 wore in 1954 as German football champions into the Golden Book of Hanover a

From 1949/50 Hannover 96 was again permanently represented in the top division. In 1952 Helmut Kronsbein was hired as the new coach. In 1953/54 he succeeded with an unnamed team, in which there was not a single national player of the later world championship team from Germany, after a start record with 22: 0 points in the Oberliga Nord, winning the North German championship and entering the final round of the German championship. 96 make it into the finals against the Berliner SV 92 and VfB Stuttgart to move into the final against 1. FC Kaiserslautern . The final was held in Hamburg's Volkspark Stadium in front of 80,000 spectators. Kaiserslautern was the clear favorite, as the team had many national players who were later to surprisingly become football world champions in 1954 in Bern . There was also a miracle in Hamburg on May 23, 1954 - the outsider Hannover 96 defeated Kaiserslautern after a 1-1 draw at halftime 5-1 and became German soccer champions for the second time .

The line-up of the Reds in the final: Hans Krämer - Helmut Geruschke , Hannes Kirk - Werner Müller , Heinz Bothe , Rolf Gehrcke - Heinz Wewetzer , Rolf Paetz , Hannes Tkotz , Klemens Zielinski , Helmut Kruhl . Gehrcke represented the injured Willi Hundertmark .

Away game against Holstein Kiel (0: 1), September 22, 1957

In the following season , 96 finished 5th in the Oberliga-Nord. In 1956 , the team made it to the finals of the German championship again , but were eliminated against Kaiserslautern, Schalke 04 and Karlsruher SC . It should have been the last participation in a final round of the German championship. The club often played top games not on the local cycle track but in the Eilenriedestadion . The increasing change between the two venues came to an end with the demolition of the cycling track in 1959, with the Lower Saxony stadium being permanently occupied when the Bundesliga was founded.

In 1963 Hanover's application for integration into the newly established Bundesliga was rejected. In addition to the direct, athletic qualification, the athletic performance according to the twelve-year rating and the economic situation of the club were considered criteria for participation in the Bundesliga. Hannover 96 drew the short straw against Eintracht Braunschweig , albeit tightly and extremely controversial in the formal evaluation . This "defeat" at the green table against the Lower Saxon neighbor from Braunschweig sparked a rivalry that still exists today between the fans of these two clubs. Hannover signed Werner Gräber from Duisburg 48/99, Horst Podlasly from Hamborn 07 and Walter Rodekamp from FC Schalke 04 for the 1963 Regional League , all of whom turned out to be reinforcements. In addition, Eberhard Herbst was brought in from Prussia Münster.

Hannover 96 then qualified straight away in the 1963/64 season through sporting success for promotion to the Bundesliga and played there for the next ten years. As a coach, Helmut Kronsbein was again committed in 1963, who on June 28, 1964 achieved promotion to the Bundesliga with a 3-1 win against Hessen Kassel. In the line-up Horst Podlasly - Heinz Steinwedel , Klaus Bohnsack - Winfried Mittrowski , Otto Laszig , Bodo Fuchs - Fred Heiser , Werner Gräber , Walter Rodekamp , Udo Nix , Georg Kellermann , the ascent was made perfect.

1964–1974: Bundesliga

Season dates 1964–1974 0
season league space Points spectator
1964/65 Bundesliga 05. 33:27 43,160
1965/66 Bundesliga 12. 30:38 32,324
1966/67 Bundesliga 09. 34:34 23,588
1967/68 Bundesliga 10. 34:34 22,500
1968/69 Bundesliga 11. 32:36 22,647
1969/70 Bundesliga 13. 30:38 23,471
1970/71 Bundesliga 09. 33:35 23,265
1971/72 Bundesliga 16. 23:45 18,532
1972/73 Bundesliga 16. 26:42 17.174
1973/74 Bundesliga 18th 22:46 20,412

Seasons 1964/65, 1965/66

In the 1964/65 season , Hanover achieved fifth place in the Bundesliga with 33:27 points. Karl-Heinz Mülhausen proved to be a reinforcement . In addition, were Jürgen Bandura and Heiner Klose commits. For the 1965/66 season , Hanover strengthened itself through the obligations of Hans Siemensmeyer and Stefan Bena . On April 23, 1966, Helmut Kronsbein was released again because he had supposedly accepted a gift from a players' agent. His successor was Hannes Kirk , who had won the German amateur championship with the amateurs of Hannover 96 in 1964 and 1965. In the second Bundesliga season Hannover 96 only reached twelfth place with 30:38 points, although no regular player had left the club.

Seasons 1966/67, 1967/68

On July 1, 1966, Horst Buhtz took over the training from Hannover 96. Christian Breuer , Hermann Straschitz and Kaj Poulsen , among others, were also committed. In 1967 Hanover brought in Hans-Josef Hellingrath , Josip Skoblar and Jupp Heynckes, among others . Horst Buhtz reached ninth place in the 1966/67 season with Hanover and tenth place in the table in the 1967/68 season . His contract was not extended thereafter.

1968/69 season

"Permanent honor card" 1968/69 for Fritz Deike

For the 1968/69 season , the club signed the coach Zlatko Čajkovski . The only newcomers were amateur players, of whom Rainer Zobel was later the most successful. In addition to Kaj Poulsen, Werner Gräber, Horst Grunenberg and Hermann Straschitz, the national player Walter Rodekamp left the club, which meant a weakening. Hanover finished eleventh with 32 points. In 1969 Hanover strengthened itself through the commitment of Zvezdan Čebinac . Peter Loof moved up from the amateur squad to the Bundesliga team.

1969/70 season

Zlatko Čajkovski had already announced that he would not renew his contract. Due to the poor performance of the team and because he was supposedly already negotiating with another club ( 1860 Munich ) during the season , he was dismissed on December 8, 1969. Amateur trainer and master player Rolf Paetz temporarily took over the training until on January 2, 1970 Hans Pilz was hired as the new trainer until the end of the season. The 1969/70 season closed Hannover 96 in thirteenth place in the table.

1970/71 season

For the 1970/71 season , Helmuth Johannsen was brought in as the new coach . With Christian Breuer, Jupp Heynckes, Josip Skoblar and Rainer Zobel, important players had left the team, for whom Horst Berg , Ferdinand Keller , Willi Reimann , Horst Bertl , Rudolf Nafziger and Hans-Joachim Weller were brought in. Hannover 96 was able to secure relegation two game days before the end of the season this season and finished the season with 33 points in ninth place in the table.

1971/72 season

For the 1971/72 season , Hannover 96 brought Burkhardt Öller as the successor to long-time goalkeeper Horst Podlasly , who had completed 187 Bundesliga games for the team and ended his football career. Furthermore, the association strengthened itself through the obligations of Franz-Josef Pauly , Michael Polywka , Georg Beichle and Rolf Blau . Although only Klaus Bohnsack, Zvezdan Čebinac and Claus Brune were to be reported as significant departures , the team could not build on the performance of the previous season and was constantly in danger of relegation. Helmuth Johannsen was released on November 11, 1971. His successor Hans Hipp managed to stay in the league. At the end of the season, Hannover had reached 16th place in the table with 23 points.

1972/73 season

Hannover also played against relegation in the 1972/73 season, especially as Ferdinand Keller, Hans-Joachim Weller, Burkhardt Öller , Horst Berg, Michael Polywka and Rudolf Nafziger had left important players who could not be adequately replaced. The club Karl-Heinz Mrosko , Ludwig Denz , Rolf Kaemmer and Eckhard Deterding won new signings . Roland Stegmayer was brought in during the season . On March 1, 1973, Hans Hipp was dismissed after a 2-0 defeat against Hamburger SV and replaced by Hannes Baldauf . At the end of the season Hanover again reached 16th place with 26 points, just one point ahead of the penultimate in the table. Only through a 4-0 away win against Wuppertaler SV on the last day of the match could the league be achieved.

1973/74 season

After Rudolf Blau, Hans-Josef Hellingrath, Karl-Heinz Mrosko and Eckhardt Deterding left the team during the 1973/74 season , it was too weak for the Bundesliga. With Georg Damjanoff , Gerd Kasperski , Karlheinz Höfer , Roland Peitsch , Bernd Wehmeyer and Peter Dahl , new players were signed and at the start of the season, defeats with many goals alternated with wins, but after a 3-1 defeat against Schalke, Hannover 96 slipped on 13. Matchday for the first time this season on a relegation zone. After a 1: 5 defeat by Bayern Munich, Baldauf resigned as a coach on March 12, 1974, after which the club brought back the master coach Helmut Kronsbein. As bottom of the table, Hannover rose from the Bundesliga with 22 points at the end of the season. Jürgen Bandura and Hans Siemensmeyer then ended their professional careers and Willi Reimann had already signed a contract with Hamburger SV before relegation.

1974–1989: Between the first and second Bundesliga

Season dates 1974–1989
season league space Points spectator
1974/75 2nd Bundesliga North 01. 54-22 15,979
1975/76 Bundesliga 16. 27-41 28,312
1976/77 2nd Bundesliga North 05. 43-33 08,758
1977/78 2nd Bundesliga North 05. 43-33 06,058
1978/79 2nd Bundesliga North 15th 34-42 05,963
1979/80 2nd Bundesliga North 03. 52-24 10,413
1980/81 2nd Bundesliga North 04th 56-28 08,267
1981/82 2nd Bundesliga 05. 45-31 10,929
1982/83 2nd Bundesliga 12. 36-40 03,082
1983/84 2nd Bundesliga 14th 32-44 03,542
1984/85 2nd Bundesliga 02. 50-26 14,826
1985/86 Bundesliga 18th 18-50 25,497
1986/87 2nd Bundesliga 01. 56-20 18,973
1987/88 Bundesliga 10. 31-37 20,967
1988/89 Bundesliga 18th 19-49 14,933

1974/75, 1975/76 seasons

For the 1974/75 season the club strengthened itself with Wolfgang Lex and Herbert Meyer . Bernd Wehmeyer was signed during the season . The master coach Helmut Kronsbein managed to get promoted back to the Bundesliga with Hannover 96 .

Important players left the club with Gerd Kasperski and Roland Peitsch . During the season, Wehmeyer also returned to Bielefeld. Well-known new signings were Paul Holz , Wolfgang Lüttges , Jürgen Weber and Peter Hayduk . Even Günter Wesche Arminia Hannover proved to be reinforcement. From the youth came Jürgen Milewski , who only made five appearances in his first year, but later became a regular player. After the first half of the season, the former national player Klaus Wunder was brought in from Bayern Munich. In the first year of the Bundesliga since their promotion , Hannover 96 had to return to the second Bundesliga in tenth place in the table.

Seasons 1976/77, 1977/78, 1978/79

After relegation, several players left the team: Georg Damjanoff , Peter Hayduk, Karlheinz Höfer , Rolf Kaemmer , Wolfgang Lex and Herbert Meyer. Kronsbein was released again in January 1976 and replaced by Hannes Baldauf , but was hired for the fourth time until 1978 a year later. Frank Pagelsdorf and Wehmeyer, who had returned from Bielefeld, strengthened Hanover.

In the following years, the team missed the promotion ranks to the Bundesliga, sometimes more and sometimes less. In the seasons 1976/77 and 1977/78 Hannover 96 reached the fifth place in the table in the northern relay. On April 24, 1978, the club was refused the license for the second Bundesliga North . On May 15, 1978, the license was granted on the path of grace. Peter Dahl , Reinhard Dittel , Franz-Josef Pauly , Jürgen Weber and Peter Bengsch were sold. Helmut Kronsbein also left the team and was replaced by Anton Burghardt . Hanover reached 15th place in the table in the 1978/79 season .

Seasons 1979/80, 1980/81, 1981/82

After that, Wolfgang Lüttges, Frank Pagelsdorf, Günter Wesche, Klaus Wunder, Jürgen Milewski, Hans-Herbert Blumenthal and Rainer Stiller left the association. Important new signings were goalkeeper Heinz Blasey , the returnee Eckhard Deterding and Heiko Mertes . The most successful newcomer this year was the goalscorer Dieter Schatzschneider from OSV Hannover. Surprisingly, the team achieved third place in the table in the 1979/80 season under the leadership of coach Diethelm Ferner , who held the coaching post from 1979 to 1982.

After the return of Peter Hayduk and the new signings Bernd Gorski , Karl-Heinz Mrosko and the goalkeeper Jürgen Rynio , who replaced Heinz Blasey who had left the club, Hanover qualified fourth in the 1980/81 season with the reinforcements Bernd Dierßen , Norbert Bebensee and Gerhard Kleppinger and Karsten Surmann for the single-track Second Bundesliga. During this time, Dieter Schatzschneider, who still tops the list of all-time goalscorers in the second division, goalkeeper Jürgen Rynio and midfielder Bernd Dierßen were able to convince. In the single-track second division Hannover 96 reached fifth place in the 1981/82 season .

Seasons 1982/83, 1983/84, 1984/85

On November 28, 1982, Ferner was dismissed as a coach. The club signed for the coaching position Gerd Bohnsack , who reached twelfth place in the 1982/83 season . In 1983 the club signed Martin Giesel , Bastian Hellberg , Werner Lorant and Bernd Thiele . In return, Dierßen left the team.

Bohnsack was released on October 24, 1983. As his successor, the club used Werner Biskup on the following day , who reached 14th place in the table in his first year ( 1983/84 season ). In 1984 Michael Gue and Maximilian Heidenreich and Franz Gerber came from Arminia Hannover , while Lorant left Hannover after just one year. Matthias Kuhlmey, moved up by his own amateurs, also became a regular player .

In the 1984/85 season , the young team managed to return to the Bundesliga under the direction of Werner Biskup .

1985/86, 1986/87, 1987/88, 1988/89 seasons

After the rise in 1985, Siegfried Reich , Wayne Thomas , Jürgen Baier and, during the season, Jürgen Fleer and Roman sex were brought in. As ten years earlier, Hannover 96 could not hold in the Bundesliga season 1985/86 , landed on the last place in the table and began direct relegation to the second division.

In the 1986/87 season , a renewed promotion was targeted: The team started very successfully under coach Jürgen Wähling . After three wins at the start of the season, 40,000 spectators came to the second division home game against SSV Ulm in 1846 , an unusually large number for the 1980s, which was marked by a decline in attendance. The team managed the direct promotion and in the following season 1987/88 as table tenth the relegation. In the second half of the season Hannover 96 won against Bayern Munich and thus contributed to the championship of neighboring Werder Bremen. In the following season 1988/89 Hannover 96 had to relegate again.

One of the most consistent 96 players was Karsten Surmann , who played in midfield from 1980 to 1992 and was team captain for several years.

1989–1996: Second Bundesliga, cup win and relegation to the regional league

Season dates 1989-1996
season league space Points spectator
1989/90 2nd Bundesliga 08th. 38-38 8,127
1990/91 2nd Bundesliga 10. 38-38 7.195
1991/92 2nd Bundesliga North 05. 34-30 8,755
1992/93 2nd Bundesliga 09. 48-44 6,664
1993/94 2nd Bundesliga 12. 37-39 7,721
1994/95 2nd Bundesliga 12. 31-37 9,807
1995/96 2nd Bundesliga 16. 37 9,720

From 1989 to 1996 Hannover 96 belonged to the 2nd Bundesliga for seven seasons.

1989/90, 1990/91 seasons

In the first two second division seasons after relegation to the Bundesliga, Hannover occupied 96 places in the middle of the table. The 1989/90 season ended Hannover 96 in eighth place in the table, the following season 1990/91 in tenth place in the table. In both seasons, the team recorded an even point ratio of 38:38 with twelve wins, 14 draws and twelve defeats.

1991/92 season

As a result of the integration of the clubs from the former GDR, the 2nd Bundesliga split into a southern and a northern group for the 1991/92 season . In the latter, Hannover 96 took fifth place. This season was shaped less by the league games than by the successful appearance in the DFB Cup : Under the direction of coach Michael Lorkowski , the club was the first second division team to win the cup. The team defeated five Bundesliga clubs: VfL Bochum , Borussia Dortmund , Karlsruher SC , Werder Bremen and Borussia Mönchengladbach in the final . Goalkeeper Jörg Sievers became a cup hero by parrying several penalties both in the semifinals against Bremen (7: 6 after penalties) and in the final (4: 3 after penalties). In the semifinals, he also converted the decisive penalty for Hannover himself.

The players who won the DFB Cup final for Hanover were: Jörg Sievers - Roman Wójcicki , Jörg-Uwe Klütz , Axel Sundermann - Michael Schjønberg , Oliver Freund , Jörg Kretzschmar , Karsten Surmann , Bernd Heemsoth (119th Matthias Kuhlmey ) - Miloš Đelmaš , Michael Koch (68th Uwe Jursch ).

1992/93, 1993/94 season

After winning the DFB Cup, Hannover 96 was allowed to start in the European Cup Winners' Cup in 1992/93 . The lot for the first round of the competition was unfortunate: One team from each nation started in the competition, as well as last year's European Cup winner. Instead of an international team, defending champions Werder Bremen were drawn. After a 1: 3 away defeat in the second leg in Hanover it was only enough to win a 2: 1, so that the team missed the entry into the second round.

The 1992/93 season closed Hannover 96 in ninth place in the table, the 1993/94 season in twelfth place in the table.

1994/95 season

In the 1994/95 season , great financial efforts were made to play in the Bundesliga again for the club's anniversary. Among other things, Günter Hermann was committed as libero, Uwe Harttgen in defensive midfield and Stefan Studer as left winger, who, together with the storm duo Torsten Gütschow and Andrzej Kobylański , should guarantee the promotion. But with coach Rolf Schafstall the team got into a relegation battle. In the middle of the season, the club signed Peter Neururer , who took over the team on a relegation zone and had to continue fighting against relegation until his last game as a coach on matchday 32. In the 20 games under Neururer there was a decent record of seven wins, seven draws and six defeats. Before the end of the season, Neururer fell out with the board, was dismissed and replaced by interim coach Miloš Đelmaš . Relegation was secured on the penultimate game day.

1995/96 season

In the 1995/96 season , the coach Egon Coordes should bring about promotion, but all top performers had left. Coordes was fired during the season and Jürgen Stoffregen took over the team without being able to bring about a change. In the anniversary year of the club's foundation, Hannover 96 was relegated to the regional league .

1996–2002: From the regional to the Bundesliga

Season dates 1996-2002
season league space Points spectator
1996/97 Regionalliga North 01. 83 10,436
1997/98 Regionalliga North 01. 89 08,117
1998/99 2nd Bundesliga 04th 57 19,229
1999/00 2nd Bundesliga 10. 44 12,629
2000/01 2nd Bundesliga 09. 46 10,881
2001/02 2nd Bundesliga 01. 75 20,634

1996/97 season

The relegation to the regional league was followed by a personal bloodletting. At the beginning of the 1996/97 season , only goalkeeper Jörg Sievers and Carsten Linke and Kreso Kovacec remained from the old squad . But the rebuilding succeeded. Reinhold Fanz as coach and Franz Gerber as manager put together a young team. In 1997 Hannover 96 was five points behind the second place in the table, Eintracht Braunschweig, regional league champions. The team included Otto Addo , Vladan Milovanović , Fabian Ernst , Kreso Kovacec and Dieter Hecking . Hannover failed in the relegation to Energie Cottbus in a dubious game: The floodlights of the stadium fell out in the middle of the game and supporters of the opposing team shouted racist insults at the 96 players Otto Addo and Gerald Asamoah and threw bananas at them.

1997/98 season

During the second regional league season in 1997/98 , during his short term of 74 days , club president Utz Claassen started a restructuring plan to improve the club's financial situation. He quit manager Franz Gerber, which led to an open rebellion from the football department, in which the team, various employees and other officials of the club also took part. The team called, among other things, the then Prime Minister of Lower Saxony Gerhard Schröder for help. As a result, there were mass entries from the fan scene with the intention of voting out Claassen at an extraordinary general meeting. He tried unsuccessfully to declare the new members not entitled to vote and then evaded a vote by resigning. The hearing aid entrepreneur Martin Kind , who professionalized the structure of the association and invested his own money, was elected Claassen's successor .

In 1998 Hannover 96 rose again under Reinhold Fanz as regional league champion and after relegation games against Tennis Borussia Berlin again in the 2nd Bundesliga and thus achieved the return to professional football. Numerous young players who played in the Bundesliga and in the national teams of Germany a few years later (including Gerald Asamoah, Fabian Ernst, Sebastian Kehl ) and Ghanas (Otto Addo) were involved. The later 96 coach Dieter Hecking was also part of the promotion team. Long-time players of the 90s were mainly goalkeeper Jörg Sievers, today's goalkeeping coach, and defender Carsten Linke.

1998/99, 1999/2000 and 2000/01 seasons

The first half of the 1998/99 season ended with Hannover 96 only in eleventh place in the table, but was able to participate in the promotion battle during the second half of the season: The direct march into the Bundesliga was in fourth place with one point less than third-placed SSV Ulm just missed.

In the two following seasons, Hannover 96 had contact with the promoted ranks and was in the meantime on them, but could not hold them: After a home win over Fortuna Köln on the fifth match day of the 1999/2000 season , Hannover 96 reached third place in the table, but fell to at the end of the first half of the season back to tenth place in the table, where Hannover 96 finished the season with 44 points. The gap to the relegation ranks was nine points, the gap to the promotion ranks 14 points. In the 2000/01 season Hannover 96 finished the first half of the season with 29 points on the third promotion place, but had to give it up in the second half. The season ended in ninth place in the table, again 14 points behind the promotion ranks and nine points behind the relegation places.

2001/02 season

After several coach changes (Reinhold Fanz (until 1998), Franz Gerber (1999), Branko Ivanković (1999 to 2000), Horst Ehrmantraut (2000 to 2001)) Ralf Rangnick took over the team on July 1, 2001 and led it in the 2001 season / 02 straight into the Bundesliga: At the end of the first half of the season, Hannover 96 took second place in the table and was able to move up to first place in the table during the second half of the season and break away from the pursuers: The season ended with 75 points, with a lead of ten points the co-promoters Arminia Bielefeld and VfL Bochum. Rangnick was very popular with the fans as he let the team play successful offensive football.

2002–2004: relegation battle

Season dates 2002-2004
season league space Points spectator
2002/03 Bundesliga 11. 43 36,499
2003/04 Bundesliga 14th 37 23,479

2002/03 season

The first Bundesliga season in 13 years was characterized by a continued offensive, but only partially successful style of play. Typical results under the direction of Ralf Rangnick failed to score well on both sides, a fact that was also attributed to the players' lack of Bundesliga experience. At the end of the first half of the season Hannover 96 was in 16th place with 16 points. Relegation was secured on the penultimate matchday by a 2-2 win against relegation rivals Borussia Mönchengladbach. Hannover 96 ended the season with an away win against fellow promoted Arminia Bielefeld and ended up in eleventh place in the table, seven points behind the relegation ranks. With eight away wins - only champions Bayern Munich managed more - the newcomer was able to convince especially on foreign places.

On February 25, 2003, shortly after the 22nd matchday, the renovation of the stadium began. The athletics track was removed, the stands moved closer to the field and completely covered. The measures lasted almost two years and cost around 65 million euros. During the construction period, games continued there, but the capacity of the Lower Saxony Stadium, which had been renamed the AWD Arena in 2002 , was reduced.

2003/04 season

At the end of the first half of the following season , Hannover 96 was in eleventh place in the table with 20 points, seven points behind the relegation places. Hannover 96 started the second half of the season with a negative series: After a 0-1 away defeat against Borussia Mönchengladbach on matchday 23, Ralf Rangnick was given leave of absence. As a successor, the club signed Ewald Lienen , who led the team to relegation in the final phase of the season. Hannover 96 was in 14th place at the end of the season, five points behind the relegation places.

Season dates 2004–2009
season league space Points spectator
2004/05 Bundesliga 10. 45 35,987
2005/06 Bundesliga 12. 38 38,419
2006/07 Bundesliga 11. 44 38,663
2007/08 Bundesliga 08th. 49 40,086
2008/09 Bundesliga 11. 40 41,919

2004–2009: Establishment in the Bundesliga midfield

In the following five seasons Hannover always achieved placements in the middle of the table, but missed the qualification for the European competitions.

2004/05 season

In contrast to the offensive style of his predecessor, Ewald Lienen placed greater emphasis on security on the defensive. This system has not always been seen as attractive, but has proven successful. At the end of the first half of the 2004/05 season , the club was in seventh place in the table with 28 points and failed with 45 points (10th place) after the 34th matchday just at a UI Cup place. For the first time since the rise again Hannover 96 did not get into the relegation battle.

With the fewest yellow and red cards, Hannover 96 took first place in the unofficial fairness rating. Due to additional criteria in the UEFA regulations, however, Mainz 05 was awarded the fair play place in qualifying for the UEFA Cup .

2005/06 season

Martin Kind has been president of the association for the second time since 2006.

President Martin Kind unexpectedly gave up his office at the beginning of the 2005/06 season . As a result, uncertainties arose about the reallocation of competencies between President Götz von Fromberg , Managing Director Karl-Heinz Vehling and Manager Ilja Kaenzig as well as the association's committees. In November 2005 Ewald Lienen was dismissed and replaced by Peter Neururer . Neururer temporarily led the team to 5th place, before 96 fell out of the single-digit table positions after a long period of weakness in the second half of the season and finally ended up in 12th place at the end of the season. Hannover 96 had missed the season goal of a single-digit place in the table, but did not get into a relegation battle for the second season in a row and also became the best-placed club from Lower Saxony for the first time since 1993: this had always been VfL Wolfsburg before.

After the 2006 World Cup, there was again turbulence in the management of Hannover 96, the result of which were the resignations of Götz von Fromberg and Karl-Heinz Vehling. Martin Kind was re-elected President and resumed work less than a year after his retirement.

2006/07 season

In the 2006/07 season Hannover launched 96 new eight players, of which only two were able to establish itself as a regular player at first, however: The Hungarian midfielder Szabolcs Huszti and the attacking midfielder Arnold Bruggink January . After the move from Per Mertesacker to Werder Bremen, Frank Fahrenhorst , who was signed as a substitute in return , made his way into the regular team at the beginning of the second half of the season thanks to good training.

After three match days Hannover 96 could not record a point win: Peter Neururer was fired on August 30, 2006. On September 7, the former 96 player Dieter Hecking was signed as the new head coach after Hannover 96 and the club previously trained by Hecking, the league competitor Alemannia Aachen , agreed on a change. Dirk Bremser , with whom Hecking had already worked in Aachen and before that in Lübeck, was hired as an assistant trainer .

Hecking initially led the team to moderate results and Hannover 96 remained in the relegation zone until November 8th. On this day Hannover 96 won for the first time since 1988 in a league game against the record champions FC Bayern Munich (1-0); this also meant Hannover's first away win at this club. Although 96 lost to VfB Stuttgart the next match day, after a few wins, including their first home win in eight months, the team was able to consolidate. The Hinserie finished with 20 points in 11th place.

In mid-November, the club had separated from manager Ilja Kaenzig. On January 1, 2007, his successor became sporting director Christian Hochstätter , who most recently held the same position at Borussia Mönchengladbach. On January 31, 2007, the team led by Dieter Hecking won 5-0 against Hertha BSC and thus achieved the highest victory since the resurgence in 2002 and also the second highest victory in their Bundesliga history. In the course of the subsequent series of successes, the club reached the UI Cup rank on the 22nd day, but lost it on the 28th day. At the end of March, Hannover 96 parted ways with its sports manager Carsten Linke , as his field of activity overlapped with that of sports director Christian Hochstätter. On the last day of the match, Hannover 96 failed to qualify for the UEFA Cup in the decisive home game against 1. FC Nürnberg and fell back to 11th place in the narrow midfield. The third season in a row without a relegation battle was still largely rated as a success against the background of the unsuccessful start to the season.

2007/08 season

The planning of the squad for the 2007/08 season began early on Hannover 96: In addition to the contract extensions of the top performers Robert Enke , Michael Tarnat and Altin Lala , Sérgio da Silva Pinto , Christian Schulz and Mike Hanke were signed up . With Hanke, a current German national player moved to Hanover for the first time. This was the other way around, for example with Thomas Brdarić , Fredi Bobic and Per Mertesacker, who had switched to financially stronger clubs as national players.

Hannover 96 ended the first half of the season with 27 points in seventh place, as expected. At the end of the second half of the season, the club achieved the best placement in the Bundesliga since 1965 by finishing the season with 49 points in 8th place, but failed again to qualify for the European competitions.

2008/09 season

For the 2008/09 season Hannover 96 strengthened with Mario Eggimann , Florian Fromlowitz , Jan Schlaudraff and Mikael Forssell, among others . The start of the season was unsatisfactory: After three league games, Hannover 96 found themselves in last place in the table with a goal difference of 0: 5 goals and only one point. In the further course of the first half of the season there was a positive home record with 16 points and victories against, among others, Bayern Munich and Hamburger SV, a weak away record with only one point. Hannover 96 was 13th in the table after the first half of the season with 17 points.

In the back series, good home game results were initially only matched by defeats away from home, before Hannover 96 took eight points from the last four away games and finished significantly better in the overall second half of the season with 23 points. With 11th place at the end of the season, the environment was rather dissatisfied: The upward trend was broken after two years of relegation battle, three years in the lower midfield, eighth place in the preseason and the most expensive player purchases in the club's history. Dieter Hecking came under media criticism.

2009–2010: Robert Enke committed suicide

Season dates 2009/10
season league space Points spectator
2009/10 Bundesliga 15th 33 38,247

The 2009/10 season began with a defeat at Hertha BSC and a draw in the home game against Mainz 05. Hannover 96 was also eliminated from the DFB Cup against fourth division club Eintracht Trier. As a result, Dieter Hecking resigned, whose dismissal had been demanded for several months by fans and those around him. His successor Andreas Bergmann initially delivered a positive balance; under his leadership, the team got 15 points from the following ten games and reached mid-table.

After the suicide of Robert Enke on November 10, 2009, the team scored only one point in the following six games and was in danger of relegation. Coach Bergmann was on leave after a 3-0 home defeat against bottom of the table Hertha BSC on the first match day of the second half of the season and was replaced a few hours later by Mirko Slomka . With Slomka, Hannover 96 lost six more Bundesliga games, with a total of nine defeats in a row. On March 6, 2010 Hannover 96 ended the unprecedented negative series for the club with a 2-1 win at SC Freiburg with just one point from twelve games and was able to stabilize as the season progressed. In the last ten match days of the season 16 points were earned. With a 4: 2 against championship candidate Schalke 04 on match day 30, a 6: 1 in the last home game against Mönchengladbach and a 3: 0 on the last match day against direct relegation competitor VfL Bochum, 96 finally managed to stay in the league. At the end of the season, 96 was in 15th place with 33 points.

The shaping of the season by the death of Robert Enke is clearly reflected in the points achieved. The team took 16 points from the first twelve games with Enke, a single point from the following twelve games after his death and again 16 points from the last ten games. In addition to the employment of sports psychologists, a solidarity campaign by the club and various institutions sought support for the unsettled team.

2010–2013: "Off to Europe"

Season dates 2010–2013
season league space Points spectator
2010/11 Bundesliga 4th 60 43,919
2011/12 Bundesliga 7th 48 44,826
2012/13 Bundesliga 9. 45 44,547

2010/11 season

Mirko Slomka celebrates the best Bundesliga season in the club's history (2011)

After poor test match results and the cup on penalties at the fourth division SV 07 Elversberg , Hannover 96 was treated as a relegation candidate in the media at the beginning of the 2010/11 season . Both coach Mirko Slomka and sports director Jörg Schmadtke were under pressure. In the Bundesliga, however, Hannover 96 presented itself successfully. On the thirteenth match day, the seventh win of the season was achieved, overtaking Eintracht Braunschweig in the all-time Bundesliga table. Two game days later, the club climbed another place in this table. On matchday 16, Hannover 96 set the club record of five Bundesliga victories in a row from the 2004/05 season with a 2-1 win over VfB Stuttgart. After the first half of the season, 96 was in fourth place in the table. In the club's history, this was the best first half of the season since the Bundesliga was founded.

At the end of the first half of the season, Hanover's top striker Didier Ya Konan prematurely extended his contract, which ran until 2012, for a further two years. Surprisingly, Mirko Slomka replaced the previous goalkeeper Florian Fromlowitz with the previously nominally third goalkeeper Ron-Robert Zieler at the beginning of the second half of the season . Slomka extended his contract at the end of January 2011 after a long negotiation period. In March, sports director Schmadtke received a new contract with an unlimited term, followed by contract extensions for four other players, including Christian Schulz and Karim Haggui .

The second half of the season was similarly successful: Hannover 96 consistently occupied places in the table, which entitle them to participate in European competitions. The 3-1 win against pursuers Bayern Munich on matchday 25, which defended third place in the Champions League, which FC Bayern in turn due to the 2012 Champions League final in Munich, attracted a lot of media attention had declared as an absolute goal. With a 2-0 win against TSG Hoffenheim on matchday 27, Hannover 96 set the record for the 2007/08 season (50 points). On the 31st matchday (in third place in the table) qualification for the Europa League was achieved mathematically. 96 fought a neck and neck race with Bayern Munich for third place in the second half of the season, which was lost on the penultimate match day. The best season in terms of points in the club's history ended with 60 points in fourth place, so that 96 was able to take part in a UEFA European Cup for the first time since 1992 and for the second time overall.

2011/12 season

The start of the 2011/12 season was even more successful than the previous season. Hannover 96 reached the second round of the DFB Cup for the first time in three years , won the first two Bundesliga games 2-1 and won another 2-1 win in the first leg of the Europa League playoff round against the clearly favored Sevilla FC . 25 August 2011 was achieved with a 1: 1 Seville of reaching the group phase of the Europa League , where Hannover in Group B on the FC Copenhagen , Standard Liege and FC Vorskla Poltava met. In the second round of the DFB Cup, 96 were eliminated 1-0 after extra time against Mainz 05. In the Bundesliga, Hannover 96 occupied places in the first half of the table on all match days, but fell behind the Europa League ranks towards the end of the first half of the season, mainly due to numerous draws. At the end of the first half of the season, Hannover 96 was in 7th place with 23 points.

In the group stage of the Europa League, Mirko Slomka's team was able to reach the sixteenth-finals after the penultimate match day despite a 2-1 defeat by Standard Liège - FC Copenhagen, against whom the Hanoverians won the direct comparison, reached against Vorskla Poltava just a draw - and met Club Bruges there . After a 2-1 home win in the first leg, the second leg was won 1-0. In the second round Hannover 96 met Standard Liège again and moved into the quarter-finals after a 2-2 win in Liège and a 4-0 home win in the second leg. There Hannover 96 lost in both games against eventual cup winners Atlético Madrid with 1: 2 and was eliminated from the competition. On the last match day of the season Hannover 96 secured a return to the Europa League qualification and finished 7th with 48 points. The club benefited from a DFB Cup final from two Champions League teams, so that another starting place in the league was played out. At home, Hannover 96 was the only Bundesliga club to remain unbeaten for the entire Bundesliga season.

2012/13 season

At the start of the 2012/13 season , Hannover 96 had to face St. Patrick's Athletic in the third qualifying round for the Europa League at the beginning of August 2012 . After a 3-0 first leg win in Dublin, the second leg in Hanover could also be won 2-0. In the first round of the DFB Cup , 96 beat fifth division club FC Nöttingen 6-1 . Hannover 96 and Schalke 04 separated 2-2 at the Bundesliga opener. In the playoff round of the Europa League, Polish champions Slask Breslau were defeated 5: 3 away and 5: 1 at home. This was the highest Hanoverian victory in European competition since the 5: 0 against FC Porto in 1965. Hannover 96 scored 23 goals in the first six competitive games of the season, with 15 different players; of the field players with a total of more than 60 minutes, these were all except captain Steven Cherundolo . On the second Bundesliga matchday, 96 achieved the highest Bundesliga away win since 1971 with a 4-0 win at VfL Wolfsburg. After nine competitive games with 7 wins and 2 draws, the first defeat had to be accepted in the tenth in Hoffenheim with a 1: 3. With a 2: 3 against Borussia Mönchengladbach on the ninth Bundesliga matchday, the series of 22 Bundesliga home games ended without defeat.

On the fourth of six match days in the Europa League group stage, 96 qualified early for the round of 32 with a 3-2 win over Helsingborgs IF . At the end of the group stage, the Hanoverians were group winners with three wins and three draws. As in the previous season, they finished the first half of the Bundesliga with 23 points, but only in eleventh place in the table. In the 30th competitive game of the first half of the season - the highest number of competitive matches of all German professional clubs - and at the same time the last game of 2012, Hannover 96 was eliminated 1: 5 in the round of 16 of the DFB Cup at Borussia Dortmund. After the winter break, 96 also lost 1: 1 in the round of 32 of the Europa League against the Russian- Dagestani club Anzhi Makhachkala after losing the first leg in Moscow 3-1.

In fan circles, calls for the dismissal of Martin Kind became louder in the second half of the season, which were articulated during the games in the form of banners and chants. On April 17, 2013 the separation from sports director Jörg Schmadtke took place. Before that, President Kind tried to mediate between Schmadtke and Mirko Slomka in a personal conversation. But due to different sporting views, the separation finally took place amicably. On April 23, 2013 Dirk Dufner was introduced as Schmadtke's successor one day after his contract termination with SC Freiburg. 96 ended the Bundesliga season with 45 points in 9th place.

Season dates 2013–2016
season league space Points spectator BL squad
2013/14 Bundesliga 10. 42 45.271 BL squad
2014/15 Bundesliga 13. 37 43,882 BL squad
2015/16 Bundesliga 18th 25th 41,376 BL squad

2013–2016: downturn to relegation

2013/14 season

The start of the 2013/14 season was initially successful. In the first round match of the DFB Cup , Victoria Hamburg was defeated 2-0 away, the first four home games against Wolfsburg, Schalke, Mainz and Augsburg were all won and 96 settled back in the top half of the table with 12 points from six games. In the second round of the cup, 96 were eliminated 4-1 at Bayern Munich. In the following seven games Hannover 96 only got 2 points, none of them away. So you found yourself after the 13th matchday with 14 points in the lower half of the table. After the first half of the season, which fell well short of expectations, Martin Kind and Dirk Dufner took the consequences and took Mirko Slomka on leave on December 27, 2013. His successor was the 39-year-old former Turkish international Tayfun Korkut , who started with two wins in the first two Bundesliga games of the second half of the season. At the end of the season, the club was 10th with 42 points.

2014/15 season

After promising friendly wins at Werder Bremen and against Lazio Rome, 96 started the season with a difficult 3-1 win against regional division FC Astoria Walldorf in the first round of the DFB Cup and a 2-1 home win against Schalke 04 in the Bundesliga. In the second round of the cup, the Hanoverians lost 2-0 at the second division VfR Aalen . At the end of the first half of the season, 96 was in 8th place with 24 points. On January 26, 2015, shortly before the start of the second half of the season, star striker Didier Ya Konan, who had moved to Saudi Arabia at the end of the previous season, surprised with his return. In the course of the second half of the season, 96, which could not achieve a single victory until shortly before the end of the season, gradually slipped closer to the relegation ranks, so that Korkut was on leave after the 29th matchday and Michael Frontzeck , most recently four years ago in the Bundesliga busy having been coach for five games. With two wins on the last two match days, the team under him secured the class and finished the season in 13th place. At the end of the season, Hannover 96 also set a new record for the transfer of player Joselu , who had only moved to Hannover in 2014. The Lower Saxony agreed with Stoke City a transfer fee of 8 million euros, to which up to 2 million (depending on success) are added; In any case, this is the highest transfer fee that Hannover 96 has received in the history of the club.

Withdrawal of the Ultras for the 2014/15 season

Far-reaching changes were noticeable in the club's fan curve for the 2014/15 season. Larger parts of the ultras in the upper tier of the north curve, organized both under the umbrella organization Red Curve , and the Northern Brigade in the lower tier , had withdrawn from the stadium. The impetus for this decision was a conflict that had been smoldering between the ultra groups and club president Martin Kind since 2012 and was constantly receiving new food in spurts. At that time, a fan from the north curve was banned from the stadium because he waved a flag with the likeness of the serial killer Fritz Haarmann , known in Hanover .

The topic of pyrotechnics accompanied the club in the 2012/13 and 2013/14 seasons. The fines imposed by the DFL for Hannover 96 because of the burning of fireworks in the cup game against Dynamo Dresden on October 31, 2012 and in the home game against Eintracht Braunschweig on November 8, 2013 should be passed on to the perpetrators. As for the game against local rivals from Braunschweig, some members of the ultra group from the north curve were identified as perpetrators. However, the club's management decided not to hold individuals liable for the fine. Instead, the resulting financial damage was recovered through a temporary increase in ticket prices for individual areas of the red curve .

For the second leg in Braunschweig on April 6, 2014, the club took measures that were new to German football for fear of further misconduct by the fans. The 10 percent ticket contingent available to visiting clubs was not offered for sale. Those interested in admission tickets had to register for a losphase by providing their personal data. Those who received a ticket were entitled to a ticket. At the meeting point at Schützenplatz in Hanover, the ticket was handed out on the day of the match and upon presentation of the identity card . There, on the recommendation of the Lower Saxony Ministry of the Interior and the police, the club's management provided a whole column of buses with which the fans were brought to the neighboring city collectively and flanked by police forces. The procedure met with criticism from fan circles. For example, President Kind, who was responsible for this measure, was charged with curtailing fans' freedom of travel.

For some Ultra representatives, this event was the culmination of what they felt was a nod on the part of the club. A majority of the organized fans decided, because of this development, to initially no longer support the Bundesliga team with choreographies and chants. The subsequent complete withdrawal from the stadium was therefore directly related to the increase in the number of spectators for the second division, who are based in the Regionalliga Nord Team.

On matchday 30, the Ultras returned to the north curve and cheered their team on against TSG Hoffenheim. They had announced that they would always support the 1st team, unless the 2nd team played on the same day.

2015/16 season

Immediately at the beginning of the season, sports director Dirk Dufner asked for personal reasons to terminate his contract in August after he had put together the squad for the season. His successor, Martin Bader from 1. FC Nürnberg , was promoted to Managing Director Sports in October alongside the only managing director Martin Kind and also brought Christian Möckel with him as Sports Director. The season started with a 2-0 win in the first round of the DFB Cup at the regional league team Hessen Kassel . In the next round, Hannover lost 2-1 to Darmstadt 98 and, as in the previous year, was eliminated from the cup in round two. The Hinserie finished in 96 with only 14 points in 17th place, the worst record since the promotion; Nevertheless, the team was not without a chance in the relegation battle and in the meantime occupied non-relegation places. Coach Frontzeck announced his resignation on the last day of the first half of the season after losing to Bayern Munich . His successor in January was long-time Bremen trainer Thomas Schaaf . Under him, 96 started the second half of the season catastrophically; with ten defeats in eleven games, comparisons were made with Tasmania Berlin , which 50 years earlier had played the worst Bundesliga season of all time. On April 3, 2016, the club separated from Thomas Schaaf, U19 coach Daniel Stendel took over the coaching post until the end of the season. Although the team under Stendel was able to score points against Berlin and Gladbach, after a 2-2 draw at FC Ingolstadt and the 2-1 win by competitor Eintracht Frankfurt a day later against 1. FSV Mainz 05, Hannover 96 was already behind the 31st matchday as relegated. Immediately afterwards, the club and Stendel agreed on a coaching contract for the following season in the second division.

Since 2016: present

Season dates since 2016
season league space Points spectator BL squad
2016/17 2nd Bundesliga 02. 67 36,647
2017/18 Bundesliga 13. 39 42,706 BL squad
2018/19 Bundesliga 17th 21st 36,439 BL squad
2019/20 2nd Bundesliga 06th 48 29,983 BL squad

After relegation, President Kind demanded immediate resurgence and, based on political formulations, declared him “no alternative”. After a rather small upheaval, in which some of the top performers like Salif Sané could be retained and the team was significantly younger, the season for Hannover 96 began successfully. The number of spectators fell only marginally: around 20,000 season tickets were sold, the season's home games saw an average of 36,646 spectators. In the DFB Cup, after a close first round win at the fourth-class Offenbacher Kickers and a 6: 1 against Fortuna Düsseldorf, in which 96 had led 4: 0 after 16 minutes, the round of 16 was reached. There they were unhappy with 1: 2 against Eintracht Frankfurt. At the end of the first half of the season, 96 was in 2nd place in the table with 32 points.

Former Federal Chancellor Gerhard Schröder was introduced as the new Chairman of the Supervisory Board in January 2017. Although the team under Stendel was mostly just able to stay within the range of the promotion ranks, the dissatisfaction in the environment and leadership increased after the first few days of the second half of the season due to especially poor performance. After the release of sports director Bader, whose job Horst Heldt took over on March 5th, coach Stendel was dismissed on March 20th and replaced by André Breitenreiter.

For the Breitenreiter-Elf it was in the season's final spurt, among other things, to win the upcoming three home games against the promotion competitors, which was successful in all cases. First Union Berlin was defeated 2-0, on April 15, 2017, the 29th matchday in the second Bundesliga, Hanover then won the traditionally explosive Lower Saxony enderby against Eintracht Braunschweig . Füllkrug scored the only goal of the day in the first half. On the penultimate match day they also beat Stuttgart 1-0 and pushed Braunschweig from the direct promotion spot.

With 67 points, Hannover 96 managed to get promoted back to the Bundesliga in second place behind VfB Stuttgart at the end of the season . 96 had the best home record in the league, conceded the fewest goals conceded of all clubs and at the end of the season achieved six straight home wins.

The next season began in August with a 6-2 away win in the DFB Cup at the fourth division club Bonner SC . In the Bundesliga, the first two games of the season were each won 1-0. In addition, the Brazilian Jonathas was signed for 9 million euros, which was the most expensive club transfer in history. On the 4th matchday it was possible for the first time since 1969 to take the lead at least temporarily. After a satisfactory first half of the season, they finished 11th in the table with 23 points. The first game after the winter break was a 3-2 home win against 1. FSV Mainz 05 , with Niclas Füllkrug scoring his first three-pack in the Bundesliga.

Also this season there was a boycott of the mood of the active fan scene in the north upper and lower tier as a demonstration against club boss Martin Kind and his demand to overturn the 50 + 1 rule in Hanover and to make Hanover 96 his private property.

In the further course of the season there were various controversies between the club management and the active fan scene. In addition to the usual methods of protest on the part of the fans, attempts were made on a legal level to stop Martin Kind's takeover plans and the abolition of the 50 + 1 rule in Hanover. Most of the time, the interest group Pro Verein 1896 acted in the interests of the fans and submitted various applications for injunctions and court orders. Martin Kind nevertheless submitted an application to the DFL on August 30, 2017 to suspend the 50 + 1 rule in Hanover .

However, after a decision was imminent at the beginning of February 2018 and a rejection of the application was considered likely, Martin Kind suspended the application on February 5, 2018 and initially did not take over any further voting rights in the association. At the general meeting on April 20, 2018, the opposition against Martin Kind was able to form, but not achieve any effective success. As a signal of dissatisfaction, the board of directors and the supervisory board were not exonerated by the vote of a narrow majority; a motion by the opposition that the board of directors would in future be bound by resolutions of the general meeting also found a narrow majority, but not the required two-thirds majority. Kind rated the majority votes against themselves as “maximally visually interesting, but ultimately without meaning in terms of content”.

At the start of the season, the club was able to win a draw against Bremen and Dortmund. After that, the professional team lost all other duels until their first win in the seventh Bundesliga game. At the end of the first half of the season, 96 had only 11 points on their account, the team finished 17th. Head coach André Breitenreiter and his assistant Volkan Bulut were dismissed after a 1: 5 in Dortmund on matchday 19 - and replaced by Thomas Doll . The sporting director Horst Heldt was dismissed during the second half of the season due to the sporting goals not being met in the professional football team . Even under Doll, the team could not improve significantly, so that after the 33rd match day, the relegation to the 2nd Bundesliga was certain.

Mirko Slomka took over the team as head coach for the 2019/20 season . Former player Jan Schlaudraff became the new sports director . After six home games without a win and a placement in the lower third of the table, Slomka was dismissed after the game on the 12th matchday. After two people from the professional squad were verifiably infected with the virus in March 2020 in the course of the COVID-19 pandemic , a two-week quarantine was ordered for the entire professional team.

Club crest history

organization structure

Hannoverscher Sportverein von 1896 e. V.

The highest decision-making body of the association is the general assembly. This elects the supervisory board, which consists of five members, for three years. Since the general meeting on March 23, 2019, the supervisory board has consisted of the chairman Ralf Nestler, his deputies Lasse Gutsch and Carsten Linke and the other members Jens Boldt and Nathalie Wartmann. The supervisory board appoints the management board, which consists of a chairman and two to four other members. He is responsible for the management of the association. Since April 16, 2019, the current Executive Board has consisted of Chairman Sebastian Kramer as well as Alexander Berwing, Benjamin Kahnt, Robin Krakau and Hans Teille.

Hannover 96 GmbH & Co. KGaA

The professional football department was hived off from the club with effect from July 1, 1999, following a resolution by the general meeting on December 20, 1999, and transferred to Hannover 96 GmbH & Co. KGaA against the issue of 1,253,000 shares as part of a capital increase . This company was founded on July 8, 1998 by Hannover 96 Sales & Service GmbH & Co. KG (S&S). After the spin-off, S&S owned 1,304,000 limited partnership shares or 51% of the shares. On September 22, 2014, S&S acquired the 1,253,000 shares of the registered association, which at that time, after three capital increases in 2005 and 2011, which the e. V. could not go, only made up 15.66% of the share capital. The shareholders in S&S are Martin Kind (52.73%), Gregor Baum (27.51%) and Dirk Roßmann (19.76%). Only the club's own Hannover 96 Management GmbH is authorized as general partner to manage the business , which means that the 50 + 1 rule of the German Football League is observed. Its managing directors are Martin Kind and Björn Bremer .

In November 2016, the shareholders Roßmann and Baum resigned from the KGaA's supervisory board, at the same time former Federal Chancellor Gerhard Schröder became a member and has been chairman of the eight-member committee since December 2016, to which the association also sends two non-voting representatives. By 2018, Martin Kind wanted to take full decision-making power over the KGaA by buying the majority in Hannover 96 Management GmbH. This should be made possible by an exception regulation of the DFL, which states that a prospective takeover can take over the majority of the votes if he has continuously and significantly promoted the football sport of the parent club for more than 20 years. The original cut-off date of January 1, 1999, which restricted the regulation only to Bayer 04 Leverkusen (Bayer AG) and VfL Wolfsburg (Volkswagen AG), was changed in August 2011 at the request of Martin Kind, a resolute opponent of the 50 + 1 rule, deleted by the DFL. This rule has also been applied by Dietmar Hopp at TSG 1899 Hoffenheim since Kind's advance . In July 2018, the DFL rejected Martin Kind's application for exemption because the criterion of “substantial funding” was not met.

The professional team

Current squad 2020/21

  • As of August 20, 2020
No. Nat. Surname birthday In the team since Contract until
22nd GermanyGermany Michael Ratajczak Apr 16, 1982 2020 2021
25th DenmarkDenmark Martin Hansen June 15, 1990 2020 2021
30th GermanyGermany Marlon Sündermann May 16, 1998 2013 2021
31 GermanyGermany Michael Esser Nov 22, 1987 2020 2023
02 CroatiaCroatia Josip Elez Apr 25, 1994 2018 2021
05 BrazilBrazil Felipe May 15, 1987 2012 2021
15th GermanyGermany Timo Hübers July 20, 1996 2016 2021
21st JapanJapan Be Muroya 0Apr 5, 1994 2020 2023
23 TurkeyTurkey Barış Başdaş Jan. 17, 1990 2020 2021
28 GermanyGermany Marcel Franke 0Apr 5, 1993 2019 2022
34 GermanyGermany Niklas Tarnat May 26, 1998 2018 2021
07th GermanyGermany Edgar Prib Dec 15, 1989 2013 2021
08th GermanyGermany Mike Frantz Oct 14, 1986 2020 2022
10 JapanJapan Genki Haraguchi 0May 9, 1991 2018 2021
11 GermanyGermany Linton Maina June 23, 1999 2014 2022
13 GermanyGermany Dominik Kaiser 16 Sep 1988 2020 2022
20th GermanyGermany Philipp Ochs Apr 17, 1997 2020 2022
27 GermanyGermany Kingsley Schindler July 12, 1993 2020 2021
33 GermanyGermany Tim Walbrecht Sep 18 2001 2013 2021
35 KosovoKosovo Florent Muslija 0July 6, 1998 2018 2022
09 GermanyGermany Hendrik Weydandt July 16, 1995 2018 2023
17th GermanyGermany Marvin Ducksch 07th Mar 1994 2019 2022
18th CameroonCameroon Franck Evina 0July 5, 2000 2020 2023
19th KosovoKosovo Valmir Suleymani 0Feb. 1, 1996 2020 2022
29 GermanyGermany Simon Stehle 17 Sep 2001 2017 2022
38 GermanyGermany Mick Gudra 0Jan. 1, 2001 2019 2023

Transfers of the 2020/21 season

time player Transferring club
Summer 2020 Barış Başdaş Fatih Karagumruk
Michael Esser TSG 1899 Hoffenheim
Franck Evina FC Bayern Munich II
Mike Frantz Sc freiburg
Be Muroya FC Tokyo
Kingsley Schindler 1.FC Köln (loan)
Valmir Suleymani SV Waldhof Mannheim
time player Receiving club
Summer 2020 Miiko Albornoz End of contract; destination unknown
Waldemar Anton VfB Stuttgart
Marvin Bakalorz Denizlispor
John Guidetti Deportivo Alavés (loanee)
Emil Hansson Fortuna Sittard
Jannes Horn 1. FC Köln (loanee)
Sebastian Jung End of contract; destination unknown
Julian Korb End of contract; destination unknown
Matthias Ostrzolek End of contract; destination unknown
Sebastian Soto Norwich City
Marc Stendera End of contract; destination unknown
Cedric Teuchert FC Schalke 04 (loanee)
Ron-Robert Zieler 1.FC Köln (loan)

Coaching staff 2019/20

Nat. Surname function
GermanyGermany Kenan Kocak Head coach
Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnia and Herzegovina Asif Šarić Assistant coach
GermanyGermany Lars Barlemann Assistant coach
GermanyGermany Dennis Fischer Athletics and rehab trainer
GermanyGermany Timo Rosenberg Athletics and rehab trainer
GermanyGermany Tobias Stock Athletics and rehab trainer
GermanyGermany Rolf Moßmann Goalkeeping coach

National player

(As of September 5, 2017):

  • With Steven Cherundolo , a player took part in three world championships during his time at Hannover 96 and reached the quarter-finals once and the second round. He was in the US squad in 2002, 2006 and 2010. In 2002 he made no game as a World Cup debutant, in 2006 he played in all three and in 2010 in all four games of the USA.
  • Altin Lala , who played for Hannover 96 from 1998 to 2012, was the record national player in his country Albania with 79 international matches when he left the club in 2012 .
  • Soccer world champion in his time at Hannover 96 was Ron-Robert Zieler in 2014. The soccer world champion of 1990, Günter Hermann, played for Hannover 96 from 1994 to 1996.

Hannover 96 had several German national players first in the 1930s and then again in the 1960s. Between 1969 and 2003 no player from Hannover 96 had played an international match for the German national team. After the promotion in 2002, Fredi Bobic, who had failed at other clubs, was able to celebrate a spectacular Bundesliga comeback at 96 in 2003 and then return to the national team. Thomas Brdaric succeeded in doing the same in 2004 , who was also allowed to play for Germany again as a 96-player and took part in the 2004 European Championships. With Per Mertesacker , a player from the 96 youth team made it through to the Bundesliga team and in 2005 to the German national team. Goalkeeper Robert Enke made his debut in the DFB-Elf in March 2007 under Joachim Löw after three strong seasons at Hannover 96 almost eight years after his first nomination for the national team in 1999 under Erich Ribbeck for the Confed Cup in Mexico. Enke was the second of three goalkeepers to take part in the 2008 European Championship and after Jens Lehmann's resignation in 2008, he was in goal at most international matches. Mike Hanke got a national team appearance again in 2008 after a long break as a 96er. In August 2010 Christian Schulz returned to the national team. In August 2011 goalkeeper Ron-Robert Zieler was appointed to the national team squad for the next two international matches due to a strong debut half-series at 96. On November 11, 2011 he made his debut in the game Ukraine against Germany (3: 3). He took part in the Euro 2012 and the 2014 World Cup, from which he returned as world champion.

Former players

The second team

Hanover 96 II
Surname Hanover 96 II
Venue Eilenriedestadion
Places 2,500
Head coach Christoph Dabrowski
league Regionalliga North
2019/20 12th place


For the 1959/60 season he was promoted to the Lower Saxony amateur league , which was then the highest amateur class. There the championship of the west relay and the associated qualification for the German amateur championship succeeded straight away . In that season the amateurs became German amateur champions for the first time under coach Hannes Kirk . In the first leg in Herford on June 26, 96 played against BV Osterfeld 1: 1 after extra time. Rolf Hartmann scored the goal for the Reds. In the second leg, also in Herford, Hannover won 3-0 with two goals from Victor Schmidtke and one goal from Horst Patzke. Hannover played with the following players: Helmut Isendahl - Peter Flegel , Rolf Wimmers - Hannes Baldauf , Manfred Fahrtmann , Horst Patzke - Rolf Hartmann, Ernst-August Künnecke , Victor Schmidtke , Kurt Driesselmann , Klaus Bohnsack . The squad also included Peter Arndt, Klaus Herrmann, Udo Nix , Heinz Steinwedel , Rolf Papenberg and Gerd Schünemann.

For the 1960/61 season, he switched to the East Season. After tenth (1960/61), fourth (1961/62) and third place (1962/63) they became East Relay champions in 1963/64 and qualified for the amateur championships for the first time in four years.

In that season they were again amateur champions. On June 27, 1964, the 96 won the final against SV Wiesbaden 2-0 through goals from Karl-Heinz Esch and Michael Ferenz. Hannover played with the following players: Rainer Steinbach - Helmut Thomassek , Wilfried Fricke - Manfred Krüger , Hannes Baldauf, Helmut Hennemann - Heinz Bode , Friedel Schicks , Karl-Heinz Esch , Hans Dittmann , Michael Ferenz . The squad included the following players: Rolf Dankenbrink, Heinrich Hartmann and Reinhard Wasner.

Exactly one year later to the day , the title was defended, curiously again against Wiesbaden. This time they won 2-1 with two goals from last year's final scorer Esch. The list was as follows: Rainer Steinbach - Helmut Thomassek, Wilfried Fricke - Hannes Baldauf, Helmut Hennemann, Rainer Stiller - Heinz Bode, Heinz-Jürgen Mumme , Karl-Heinz Esch, Hans Dittmann, Michael Ferenz. The coach in both seasons was Hannes Kirk.

In the 1964/65 season, the amateurs of Hannover 96 played in the newly created state league.

In the following two years they reached the final of the championships , which they lost in 1966 against the amateurs of Werder Bremen (1: 5) and in 1967 against STV Horst-Emscher (2: 0).

The second team of Hannover 96 is a U21 team and currently plays in the Regionalliga Nord . The team's coach has been Mike Barten since the 2016/17 season .

Current squad

  • As of September 3, 2019
goal Defense midfield attack
GermanyGermany Marco Pinkernelle 1992
GermanyGermany Fabio Spohr 1998
GermanyGermany Marlon Sündermann 1998
TurkeyTurkey Emre Aytun 2000
GermanyGermany Marc Dauter 1999
AustriaAustria Julian Sure 2000
GermanyGermany Christian Schulz 1983
GermanyGermany Fabian Senninger 1996
GermanyGermany Kevin Wolf 1996
GermanyGermany Huseyin Deliduman 2000
SerbiaSerbia Milutin Đorđević 1999
Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnia and Herzegovina Abdulah Džafo 2000
GermanyGermany Max grief 2000
GermanyGermany Nikita Marusenko 1999
CroatiaCroatia Marko Tomic 2000
GermanyGermany Martin Wagner 1986
GermanyGermany Tim Walbrecht U19 2001
Guinea-aGuinea Moussa Doumbouya 1998
PolandPoland Marco Drawz 1999
GermanyGermany Daniel Eidtner 2000
Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnia and Herzegovina Benjamin Hadžić 1999
AlbaniaAlbania Valdrin Mustafa 1998
GermanyGermany Marco Stefandl 1 1998
1 also in the first team squad
U19also in the A-youth squad (U19, born 2001 or younger)

Women's soccer

Hannover 96 women
Surname Hannover 96 women
Venue NLZ Hannover 96 4th place
Places nb
Head coach Sebastian Baar
league Regionalliga North
2019/20 2nd place
Website hannover96-frauenfussball.de

Hannover 96 offers in the football department of the e. V. also offers women's football. There are currently two women's teams and two junior teams (B youth [U17] and C youth [U15]). 2018 The first team went into the fourth-rate Niedersachsenliga on and won by a 2: 0 victory over VfL Jesteburg the Lower Saxony Cup . In the DFB Cup 2018/19 , the Hanoverians initially defeated the regional division Blau-Weiß Hohen Neuendorf 4-2. In the second round, they were eliminated after a 0-11 defeat against defending champion VfL Wolfsburg . At the end of the 2018/19 season, Hannover 96 became Lower Saxony champions after a 3-0 final victory over Blau-Weiß Hollage and rose to the Regionalliga Nord . There the Hanoverians immediately became runner-up behind SV Henstedt-Ulzburg . Henstedt-Ulzburg, like Hannover 96, refrained from promotion to the 2nd Bundesliga for financial reasons .

Trainers, chairmen or presidents and managers


League statistics


(As of September 2019)

2nd Bundesliga

(As of September 2019)

Regional league

(As of September 2019)

European Cup balance sheet

(As of June 25, 2015)

season competition round opponent total To Back
1958-1960 Exhibition cities cup 1 round ItalyItaly AS Roma 2: 4 1: 3 (H) 1: 1 (A)
1960/61 Exhibition cities cup 1 round ItalyItaly Inter Milan 03:14 2: 8 (A) 1: 6 (H)
1961/62 Exhibition cities cup 1 round Spain 1945Spain Espanyol Barcelona 0: 3 0: 1 (H) 0: 2 (A)
1965/66 Exhibition cities cup 2nd round PortugalPortugal FC Porto 6: 2 5: 0 (H) 1: 2 (A)
3rd round SpainSpain FC Barcelona 0 (M)4: 4 0( M ) 2: 1 (H) 0: 1 (A)
1: 1 n.V. in Hanover
1967/68 Exhibition cities cup 1 round ItalyItaly SSC Naples 1: 5 0: 4 (A) 1: 1 (H)
1968/69 Exhibition cities cup 1 round DenmarkDenmark B 1909 Odense 4: 2 3: 2 (H) 1: 0 (A)
2nd round SwedenSweden AIK Solna 7: 6 2: 4 (A) 5: 2 (H)
3rd round EnglandEngland Leeds United 2: 7 1: 5 (A) 1: 2 (H)
1969/70 Exhibition cities cup 1 round NetherlandsNetherlands Ajax Amsterdam 2: 4 2: 1 (H) 0: 3 (A)
1992/93 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup 1 round GermanyGermany Werder Bremen 3: 4 1: 3 (A) 2: 1 (H)
2011/12 UEFA Europa League Play-offs SpainSpain Sevilla FC 3: 2 2: 1 (H) 1: 1 (A)
Group stage BelgiumBelgium Standard Liege 0: 2 0: 0 (H) 0: 2 (A)
UkraineUkraine Vorskla Poltava 5: 2 2: 1 (A) 3: 1 (H)
DenmarkDenmark FC Copenhagen 4: 3 2: 2 (H) 2: 1 (A)
Round of 16 BelgiumBelgium Club Bruges 3: 1 2: 1 (H) 1: 0 (A)
Round of 16 BelgiumBelgium Standard Liege 6: 2 2: 2 (A) 4: 0 (H)
Quarter finals SpainSpain Atlético Madrid 2: 4 1: 2 (A) 1: 2 (H)
2012/13 UEFA Europa League 3rd qualifying round IrelandIreland St Patrick's Athletic 5-0 3: 0 (A) 2: 0 (H)
Play-offs PolandPoland Śląsk Wrocław 10: 40 5: 3 (A) 5: 1 (H)
Group stage NetherlandsNetherlands FC Twente Enschede 2: 2 2: 2 (A) 0: 0 (H)
SpainSpain Levant UD 4: 3 2: 1 (H) 2: 2 (A)
SwedenSweden Helsingborgs IF 5: 3 2: 1 (A) 3: 2 (H)
Round of 16 RussiaRussia Anzhi Makhachkala 2: 4 1: 3 (A) 1: 1 (H)
Legend: (H) - home game, (A) - away game, (N) - neutral place, (a) - away goal rule , (i. E.) - on penalties , (n. V.) - after extra time

Overall record : 49 games, 21 wins, 11 draws, 17 defeats, 85:87 goals (goal difference −2)

Appointments to German national teams

(As of August 2015)

Shirt sponsors

  • 1976–1977: Epon, fur trader
  • 1977–1980: Frucade , soft drinks industry
  • 1980–1984: Hanomag , mechanical engineering
  • 1984–1988: Feldschlößchen , Bier, Feldschlößchen Getränke AG
  • 1988–1992: Nashua , copier, office communication
  • 1992–1995: Toto-Lotto , lottery provider
  • 1995–1996: Einbecker , Bier, Einbecker Brauhaus AG, part of Brau + Brunnen AG
  • 1996–1998: Gilde Pilsener , Beer, Gilde Brewery AG
  • 1998–2000: Baan , manufacturer of standard software
  • 2000–2002: Gilde Ratskeller , beer, Gilde Brauerei AG
  • 2002–2007: TUI , tourism group
  • 2007–2008: TUIfly , German airline (subsidiary of TUI)
  • 2008–2014: TUI , tourism group
  • since 2014: Heinz von Heiden , solid house provider

Club anthem

96 - Alte Liebe is the club anthem of Hannover 96. It is sung by the spectators in the stadium before and after every Hannover 96 game, but in addition to the Lower Saxony song, it is also a popular song in the festival tents at the Hanover Spring Festival , the Hanover Schützenfest or the Oktoberfest Hannover . The anthem was created in 1998 for the benefit campaign of the amateur soccer department of Hanover 96 “Renovate the Eilenriedestadion”. The hymn was composed and written by Martin Hylla and Kai Hoffmann . "96 - Alte Liebe" was originally supposed to be called "96 - Alte Dame", but the idea was quickly discarded with regard to other "old ladies" and the Hertha BSC team, traditionally known as the "old lady of football". In 2002 "96 - Alte Liebe" was re-recorded in an arrangement by Dete Kuhlmann and has been played in this version in the stadium ever since. Since August 2010 Dete Kuhlmann and Oswald "Osssy" Pfeiffer have been singing the anthem live before every home game.

Fan friendships and rivalries

There is a long-term friendship with the Hamburger SV ( HSV and HSV ). This is now (2018) supported by large parts of the fan scene of both clubs and is widely perceived as one of the most intense fan friendships in German football. So z. B. played the guest's club anthem when playing against each other. In addition, the respective stadium announcers travel to the away game to read out the team line-up.

Friendly connections continue to exist with parts of the fan scene of Arminia Bielefeld , AIK Solna from Sweden, SC Heerenveen from the Netherlands, Perth Glory from Australia, Odense BK from Denmark, St. Patrick's Athletic from Ireland and Sporting Lisbon from Portugal. The friendly connection to a certain part of the Bielefeld fan scene comes from the fact that Hamburger SV also maintains a fan friendship with Arminia Bielefeld (often expressed in the ironic battle cry "Hamburg, Hanover, Bielefeld / We are the scum of this world"), which form three clubs the so-called "Northern Alliance". The northern alliance saw the fans of Eintracht Braunschweig and their partly friendly fan scenes from Magdeburg and Mannheim as opponents, which was also called the "axis of stupid" based on global political terms of the 2000s.

For a long time, Eintracht Braunschweig has been an arch rival since the Bundesliga was founded in 1963 . The rivalry is based on the preference given by Eintracht Braunschweig as a founding member of the Bundesliga in 1963 and the sporting situation in the 1960s and 1970s, when both clubs mostly played in the same league and met each other during the Lower Saxony debut. It flared up again from 1996 to 1998 when Hannover 96 was relegated to Braunschweig in the third division. When there was usually a two-class gap between the clubs (Hanover was first class since 2002 and Braunschweig was third class for most of the time), it was mainly maintained by the Braunschweig side. It also flared up in Hanover in the 2013/14 season, when Braunschweig was promoted to the Bundesliga for a year, and again in 2016/17, when Hanover had to go to Braunschweig in the second division for a year. The rivalry is also reflected in the refrain of the song 96 - Alte Liebe , which says: Red suits you much better than yellow / blue (yellow / blue, the club colors of Braunschweig).

The VfL Wolfsburg , actually the geographically closest Bundesliga club is considered by most fans 96 due to the low tradition of city and club and the small and unilaterally building on the VW group environment as non-rivalry capable and rather ignored.

There is a tendency to rivalry with Werder Bremen , the north German Bundesliga competitor, where neither friendship (Hamburg) nor ignorance (Wolfsburg) have other emotions and who has the majority of his fans in Lower Saxony. The friendship with Hamburger SV, for whom Bremen is an arch-rival, contributes to this tendency.

Antipathy towards Energie Cottbus has existed since 1997 . It goes back to the circumstances of the defeat against Cottbus in the promotion relegation to the 2nd Bundesliga in 1997, when the floodlights failed in the middle of the 2nd half when the score was favorable for Hanover, racist attacks against players from Hanover 96 took place and Cottbus took advantage of the general confusion was able to turn the game around. Hanover fans suspected at that time a deliberate floodlight manipulation, which, however, was never admitted by Cottbus.

Other departments


Hannover 96 is one of the first clubs in badminton in Germany. 1958 achieved the greatest success in this sport with the runner-up.


season event discipline space Surname
1957/58 German team championship team 2 Hannover 96
1980/81 German team championship U14 team 1 Hannover 96
1995/96 German individual championship O65 Ladies doubles 2 Anne Laube (Hannover 96) / Charlotte Huismann (Comet Braunschweig)
1995/96 German individual championship U14 Men's doubles 2 Matthias Krawietz / Timo Teulings (Hanover 96)
1996/97 German individual championship O50 Men's singles 2 Walter Strootmann (Hanover 96)
1998/99 German individual championship O65 Ladies doubles 2 Anne Laube (Hannover 96) / Margarete Billian (TSG Augsburg)
1998/99 German individual championship O65 Mixed 2 Philipp Siebenhaar (TV Mainz-Zahlbach) / Anne Laube (Hannover 96)
1999/2000 German individual championship O70 Mixed 2 Herbert Heideck / Anne Laube (SV Wilhelmshaven / Hannover 96)
1999/2000 German individual championship O70 Ladies singles 1 Anne Laube (Hanover 96)
2000/01 German individual championship O70 Ladies singles 3 Anne Laube (Hanover 96)
2001/02 German individual championship O70 Mixed 3 Herbert Heideck / Anne Laube (SV Wilhelmshaven / Hannover 96)
2002/03 German individual championship O70 Mixed 2 Herbert Heideck / Anne Laube (SV Wilhelmshaven / Hannover 96)
2003/04 German individual championship O70 Ladies doubles 1 Anne Laube / Margarete Billian (Hannover 96 / TSG Augsburg)
2003/04 German individual championship O70 Mixed 3 Herbert Heideck / Anne Laube (SV Wilhelmshaven / Hannover 96)
2006/07 German individual championship O60 Men's singles 3 Walter Strootmann (Hanover 96)


The billiards department was founded in 2004. In 2008 the first team rose to the 2nd Bundesliga and made it to the 1st Bundesliga in their first second division season . There she finished fifth in 2009/10 . Subsequently, however, the Bundesliga team was canceled and the club's billiards department was dissolved. In addition to John Blacklaw , Dominic Jentsch and Thomas Lüttich , who became German individual champions as members of Hannover 96 in 2008 and 2009 respectively , the multiple world and European champion Oliver Ortmann also played for Hannover 96.


Hannover 96 is the handball cooperation partner of the Bundesliga club TSV Hannover-Burgdorf .


Nadine Apel from Hannover 96, winner of the 20 km run 2015 at the 33rd Celler Wasa run ;
with Aida Stahlhut from VfL Bückeburg and Sabrina Jaeger from Hanover

The club's first internationally successful track and field athlete was Hermann Blazejezak as European champion in 1938 with the 4 x 400 meter relay.

The athletics department was particularly successful in the 1950s and 1960s. The biggest international success was achieved by the Sprinter Walter Mahlendorf , the 4-100-meter relay times with the 1958 European champion and 1960 was Olympic champion. Nationally, the runner-up European champion from 1966 Hinrich John was more successful than Mahlendorf with five German championship titles from 1964 to 1968 in the 110-meter hurdles. In 1958, 1963 and 1964 the women's sprint relay won the title at the German championships, with Erika Fisch participating in all three championships; In 1964 Liesel Westermann was also a member of the squadron, which won the German championship title in the discus throw in 1966 and 1967 in the Hannover 96 jersey before moving to Leverkusen. Peter Lehmann won the German youth championship several times in the early 1970s (in Stuttgart and Schweinfurt), was a member of the Olympic junior squad for Munich in 1972 and competed for the German national team. He later moved to VfL Wolfsburg.

The last athlete from Hannover 96 at international championships so far was Maren Schwerdtner , who finished ninth in the heptathlon at the 2010 European championships .


The tennis division is one of the oldest departments in Hannover 96 and can now look back on more than a hundred years of history. There was a turning point in the years 1933–1945, because the association excluded many “non-Aryan” members. Among other things, the club also organizes the tournaments in Hanover for the German championships under the umbrella of the German Tennis Association (DTB).


In 2015, the table football club KGB Hannover joined the Hannover 96 club. The KGB Hannover (Krökelgemeinschaft Hannover-Badenstedt) was already extremely successful at that time as multiple German champions in the DTFL table soccer Bundesliga (2005 to 2007 and 2011 to 2014). After joining Hannover 96, these successes were repeated in 2017, 2018 and 2019. The table football division of Hannover 96 is thus one of the dominant teams in German table football as the record champions.

Table tennis

In 2004 the table tennis department of TSV Kirchrode joined the Hannover 96 club. Since their women's team played in the 2nd Bundesliga North at the time, Hannover 96 took its place in this class from 2004 onwards. In 2008, Mo Zhang, Monika Pietkiewicz, Helen Lower, Aneta Martinkova and Christina Lienstromberg were promoted to the 1st Bundesliga. Two years later, the team had to relegate again. Although it was champions in the 2nd BL in the following season 2010/11, the club withdrew the team for financial reasons back to the regional league. In 2012 there was another relegation to the league.

  1. tischtennis magazine , 2004/7 p. 4.


  • Dieter Gömann: 1. Ladies from Hannover 96 a shadow of themselves , tischtennis magazine , 2012/5 regional north pages 1–2
  • Florian Leidheiser: Difficult Balancing act , tischtennis magazine , 2020/5 pages 30–32

Web links


Floorball has been offered by Hannover 96 since 2015. The first men's team has been playing in the 2nd Bundesliga North / West since the 2015/16 season .

Other departments


  • Jürgen Blut, Mirco Blut: "Hannover 96: Chronicle of a descent - How the 'Entrepreneur Club' failed strategically - and how the sporting and economic upswing could succeed" . ibidem Sachbuch, Stuttgart 2016, ISBN 978-3-8382-1006-3 .
  • Jürgen Blut, Mirco Blut: Quo vadis, Bundesliga? Analyzes and visions using the example of Hannover 96 . ibidem non-fiction book, Stuttgart 2015, ISBN 978-3-8382-0756-8 .
  • Klaus Amrhein: Biographical manual on the history of German athletics 1898–2005 . 2 volumes. Darmstadt 2005 published on German Athletics Promotion and Project Society.
  • Michael Bresser, Stephanie Ristig-Bresser: 111 reasons to love Hannover 96: A declaration of love to the greatest football club in the world, Schwarzkopf & Schwarzkopf, 2013, ISBN 978-3-86265-266-2 .
  • Andreas Buchal: Eintracht Braunschweig vs Hannover 96, about the rivalry between two traditional clubs. Günther Hempel Verlag, Wolfsburg 2007, ISBN 978-3-87327-040-4 .
  • Klaus Dansbach, Bernhard Heck: The Triumphs of the Reds. German champion 1938, 1954; DFB Cup Winner 1992. press line Verlag GmbH, Essen 1993, ISBN 3-926983-23-X .
  • George Feiter & Hannover 96: 96 cooks! Passion that tastes good. Verlag Die Werkstatt, Göttingen November 2009, ISBN 978-3-89533-710-9 .
  • Karl-Heinz Grotjahn: Hanover - H. 96. In: Klaus Mlynek, Waldemar R. Röhrbein (eds.) U. a .: City Lexicon Hanover . From the beginning to the present. Schlütersche, Hannover 2009, ISBN 978-3-89993-662-9 , p. 254.
  • Hardy Greens : The Ball. The Lawn. The Reds. AGON Sportverlag, Kassel 1995, ISBN 3-928562-77-0 .
  • Hardy Greens: Emergency brake: Holidays on a leash. The history of Hanover 96. Verlag Die Werkstatt, Göttingen 2002, ISBN 3-89533-373-5 .
  • Hardy Greens: Legendary football clubs. Northern Germany. Between TSV Achim, Hamburger SV and TuS Zeven. AGON Sportverlag, Kassel 2004, ISBN 3-89784-223-8 .
  • Hardy Greens: Emergency Brake: The Reds. The history of Hanover 96. Publishing house Die Werkstatt, Göttingen 2006, ISBN 3-89533-537-1 .
  • Hardy Grüne, Thorsten Schmidt, Frank Willig: Red love. The history of Hanover 96. Verlag Die Werkstatt, Göttingen 2009, ISBN 978-3-89533-676-8 .
  • Hardy Grüne: The Great Book of Hanover 96 , Verlag Die Werkstatt, Göttingen 2013, ISBN 978-3-7307-0033-4 .
  • Ralf Hansen: FAN A city is excited. A season in pictures. Britta Schmidt - CXC connexconsult, Hanover 2003, ISBN 3-937424-00-8 .
  • Reinhard Hesse : Hannover 96.… you can choose your club up to the district class? A fan in the diaspora. Pages 14–24, in: Wolfgang Frank (Ed.): After the game is before the game. The wonderful world of football. Verlag rororo, Hamburg 1996, ISBN 3-499-13710-0 .
  • Klaus Irler: Wolf-Dieter Mechler about Hannover 96 in the museum / “A real treasure” in the online edition of the taz on May 29, 2012, last accessed on July 23, 2012
  • Helmut Kronsbein : Fiffi, celebrated and fired. A life between heaven and hell, victories and scandals. Alfred Strothe Verlag, Hanover 1971.
  • Katja Lembke : Kicker Edition: Cult around the ball. In the footsteps of football. Catalog for the exhibition in the Roemer- und Pelizaeus-Museum Hildesheim, 2006, pp. 94-100, ISSN  1613-2297
  • Wolf-Dieter Mechler : One shot - one goal . Hannover-96-Bilder from the early years, richly illustrated booklet to the exhibition from May 16 to July 22, 2012, an exhibition of the Hannover Historical Museum , Hannover: Historisches Museum Hannover, 2012.
  • NORDmedia GmbH: 10 years of success - TUI and Hannover 96 , Hannover 2012.
  • Sönke Petersen-Jahn: Four seasons fairy tale, Hannover 96, From dream to trauma. AGON Sportverlag, Kassel 2011, ISBN 978-3-89784-388-2 .
  • Lorenz Peiffer , Gunter A. Pilz : Hannover 96. 100 years - power on a leash. Schlütersche, Hannover 1996, ISBN 3-87706-475-2 .
  • Lorenz Peiffer, Gunter A. Pilz: The miracle from Hanover. Hannover 96 - 50 years of German soccer champions. Documentation of the exhibition of the same name in the New Town Hall of Hanover from 16.-27. June 2004. Verlag NORDmedia, GmbH Hanover.
  • Heiko Rehberg, Carina Peitsch: Robert Enke - The goalkeeper. The star. The boyfriend. Publisher: Madsack Supplement GmbH & Co. KG Hannover 2009, ISBN 978-3-940308-44-3 .
  • Danyel Reiche : Crazy about the reds. From the life of a Hannover 96 fan. Verlag Die Werkstatt, Göttingen 2008, ISBN 978-3-89533-601-0 .
  • Ronald Reng : Robert Enke - A life that is far too short. Piper Verlag GmbH, Munich 2010, from page 256, ISBN 978-3-492-05428-7 .
  • Jan C. Rode: Forward to far - Hannover 96 - 10 years 1. Bundesliga , 1. Edition, jmb-Verlag, Hanover: August 2012, ISBN 978-3-940970-39-8 .
  • Ingo Siegner : Gustav forward, one more goal. A meerkat soccer adventure from Hannover Zoo. Verlag Leuenhagen & Paris, Hannover 2007, ISBN 978-3-923976-61-4 .
  • Fritz Willig : Lazy magic in professional football. Professional Press GmbH, Hanover 1994, ISBN 3-9802927-2-X .

Exhibition in the Historical Museum

… “ Extension! "- until August 26, 2012

The Historical Museum showed from May 16 to August 26, 2012 an exhibition entitled “One shot - one goal - Hanover 96 - Pictures from the early years”. A richly illustrated book accompanying the exhibition was published .

Web links

Commons : Hannover 96  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b Number of members Hannover 96. In: hannover96.de. Hannover 96 GmbH & Co. KGaA, accessed on November 12, 2019 .
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  3. Lothar Wieser, Hubert Dwertmann, Arnd Krüger , Hans Langenfeld , Joachim Schlüchtermann, Ludwig Schulte-Huxel (ed.): Sports in Hanover. From the city's foundation to today , ed. from the Lower Saxony Institute for Sports History , Hoya eV, ed. from NISH with scientific advisory board by Arnd Krüger and Hans Langenfeld, 1st edition, Hoya: Niedersächsisches Inst. für Sportgeschichte, 1991, ISBN 3-923478-56-9
  4. Grüne, Schmidt, Willig, 96 Rote Liebe, Die Geschichte von Hannover 96, Verlag Die Werkstatt GmbH, Göttingen 2009, p. 23.
  5. Here wants to promote 96 talents - New Young Talent Center ( Memento from May 17, 2014 in the Internet Archive )
  6. Hannover 96 - Young Talent Center: Concept is in place ( Memento from December 22, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Message on the website of the City of Hanover, accessed on May 14, 2014.
  7. Wolf-Dieter Mechler : One shot - one goal. Hannover 96 images from the early years (see literature), p. 4.
  8. ^ The first foreigner at Hannover 96 ... In: hannover96.de. Hannover 96 GmbH & Co. KGaA, October 12, 2015, accessed on November 12, 2019 .
  9. ↑ Merger protocol of July 4, 1913 in Lorenz Pfeiffer / Gunter A. Pilz, Hannover 96: 100 Years - Power on the Leine, Schlütersche Verlagsanstalt und Druckerei GmbH & Co. Hannover 1996, pp. 50 and 51.
  10. Ulrich Homann (Ed.): Höllenglut an Himmelfahrt. The history of the promotion rounds to the Bundesliga 1963–1974. Klartext, Essen 1990, ISBN 3-88474-346-5 , p. 130. First names from Rote Liebe, Die Geschichte von Hannover 96, Göttingen 2009.
  11. Hardy Grüne / Thorsten Schmidt / Frank Willig, Rote Liebe, The Story of Hannover 96, Göttingen 2009, p. 169.
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  29. Ultras rabble against Martin Kind ( Memento from August 13, 2016 in the Internet Archive )
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  32. a b Sportclub Reportage - Escape from the curve ( Memento from December 26, 2014 in the Internet Archive )
  33. Game against Braunschweig: 96 derby tickets are awarded by lottery ( Memento from August 28, 2017 in the Internet Archive )
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  35. Hannover 96 leaves Schaaf on leave. In: hannover96.de. Hannover 96 GmbH & Co. KGaA, April 3, 2016, accessed on November 12, 2019 .
  36. The audience average only refers to the games from the 1st to the 25th matchday, as the remaining nine games took place to the exclusion of viewers due to the COVID-19 pandemic .
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  39. Sport1.de: Bundesliga: Fans of Hannover 96 decide to boycott the mood . In: Sport1.de . ( sport1.de [accessed on September 6, 2017]).
  40. ^ Community of interests in the Hanoverian sports club from 1896 e. V. In: proverein1896.de. Retrieved December 2, 2017 .
  41. Andreas Willeke: The next step towards the 96 takeover: Martin Kind applies to the DFL for 50 + 1. In: Sportbuzzer.de. August 30, 2017. Retrieved November 12, 2019 .
  42. DFL will probably refuse to take over Hannover 96. In: Der Tagesspiegel . February 2, 2018, accessed February 5, 2018 .
  43. 96 takeover: child lets application rest ( memento from July 18, 2018 in the Internet Archive )
  44. Hannover 96 separates from André Breitenreiter. In: hannover96.de. Hannover 96 GmbH & Co. KGaA, January 27, 2019, accessed on November 12, 2019 .
  45. ^ "Meticulous worker with a clear address": Hannover 96 obliges Thomas Doll. Hannover 96 GmbH & Co. KGaA, January 27, 2019, accessed on November 12, 2019 .
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  47. Duo for the future of 96: sporting realignment with Schlaudraff and Slomka. In: hannover96.de. Hannover 96 GmbH & Co. KGaA, May 28, 2019, accessed on May 29, 2019 .
  48. kicker.de : After six home games without a win: Hannover 96 parted ways with Slomka . Retrieved November 3, 2019.
  49. n-tv NEWS: Hannover 96 sends all professionals into quarantine. Retrieved March 12, 2020 .
  50. Nestler new head of the supervisory board. In: hannover96.de. Hannover 96 GmbH & Co. KGaA, March 25, 2019, accessed on March 25, 2019 .
  51. a b Supervisory Board appoints the new board! In: hannover96.de. Hannover 96 GmbH & Co. KGaA, April 16, 2019, accessed on November 12, 2019 .
  52. In which legal forms are the Bundesliga clubs organized? In: Der Tagesspiegel. August 26, 2015, accessed November 12, 2019 .
  53. Martin Kind criticized for selling shares. In: Der Tagesspiegel. April 28, 2015, accessed November 12, 2019 .
  54. Carsten Bergmann: 96 partner Wilkening sells his shares: "It's no fun like that". In: sportbuzzer.de. November 9, 2019, accessed November 10, 2019 .
  55. Former Chancellor Schröder appointed to the supervisory board. In: Spiegel Online. November 1, 2016, accessed November 12, 2019 .
  56. Former Chancellor Schröder new Chairman of the Supervisory Board. In: Spiegel Online. December 13, 2016, accessed November 12, 2019 .
  57. Thomas Mersch, Stefan Merx: Investors take power at Hannover 96 in 2018. In: The Wall Street Journal . April 26, 2013, accessed November 12, 2019 .
  58. kicker.de : The 50 + 1 rule remains, "Lex Leverkusen" does not . Retrieved May 6, 2015.
  59. DFL Presidium rejects application for an exception to the 50 + 1 rule for Hannover 96 and Mr. Martin Kind. In: dfl.de. DFL Deutsche Fußball Liga GmbH, July 18, 2018, accessed on May 25, 2019 .
  60. Our team , hannover96.de
  61. List of all former players from Hannover 96 ( memento from July 20, 2014 in the web archive archive.today ), accessed on July 24, 2014.
  62. List of all Bundesliga shooters for Hannover 96 (five or more hits) ( Memento from April 21, 2014 in the Internet Archive ), accessed on July 24, 2014.
  63. Robert Enke is dead! It was suicide! In: Sport1 . November 10, 2009, accessed July 28, 2015 .
  64. a b c d amateur championships. In: hannover96.de. Hannover 96 GmbH & Co. KGaA, accessed on November 12, 2019 . , Report on the website of Hannover 96.
  65. NFV Niedersachsen Fussball Journal, 08/2010, p. 9 and Lorenz Peiffer / Gunter A. Pilz, Hannover 96, 100 years of power on the Leine, Hannover 1996, p. 152.
  66. ibid.
  67. Table Amateur-Oberliga Ost 1960/61 ( Memento from June 22, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) on wsv45.de.
  68. Table Amateur-Oberliga Ost 1963/64 ( Memento from June 22, 2015 in the Internet Archive )
  69. Regionalliga squad. In: hannover96.de. Hannover 96 GmbH & Co. KGaA, accessed on November 12, 2019 .
  70. Hannover 96 II. In: dfb.de. German Football Association V., accessed on November 12, 2019 . (U19 players added with bets)
  71. Hannover 96: Football. Hannover 96 GmbH & Co. KGaA, accessed on May 23, 2019 .
  72. B-Youth | Hannover 96 women's football. Retrieved on May 24, 2019 (German).
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  74. 'Would come too early': After the front runner, the 96 women also forego promotion sportbuzzer.de April 27, 2020, accessed on May 14, 2020
  75. List of all trainers from Hannover 96 (since 1932) ( Memento from January 3, 2014 in the Internet Archive ), accessed on September 6, 2011.
  76. Tayfun Korkut becomes the new head coach of Hannover 96 ( Memento from February 27, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) hannover96.de, accessed on December 31, 2013.
  77. List of all presidents and CEOs of Hannover 96 ( Memento from January 3, 2014 in the Internet Archive ), accessed on September 6, 2011.
  78. 96-mourning for Martin Brandstaedter: Andreas Willeke: Former Vice President dies after hip surgery. In: sportbuzzer.de. April 19, 2017. Retrieved April 24, 2017 .
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  80. Record player. In: transfermarkt.de. Retrieved November 12, 2019 .
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  86. ^ Fan friendship between Hanover and Hamburg ( Memento from July 6, 2015 in the Internet Archive )
  87. Thomas Fröhlich: Start • Sport • Lions • Eintracht and 96 - rivals for more than 100 years. In: Braunschweiger Zeitung . February 23, 2007, accessed November 12, 2019 .
  88. Billiards successful on all levels ( Memento from January 3, 2014 in the web archive archive.today ). Retrieved January 3, 2013.
  89. Hannover 96 eV In: portal.billardarea.de. German Billard Union e. V., accessed January 3, 2013 .
  90. 1st Bundesliga pool team view 2009/10. In: portal.billardarea.de. German Billard Union e. V., accessed January 3, 2013 .
  91. TSV Hannover-Burgdorf ( Memento from October 23, 2012 in the Internet Archive )
  92. men. Retrieved July 28, 2015 .
  93. tennis. In: hannover96.de. Hannover 96 GmbH & Co. KGaA, accessed on November 12, 2019 .
  94. Chronicle. In: hannover96.de. Hannover 96 GmbH & Co. KGaA, accessed on November 12, 2019 .
  95. Table football. In: hannover96.de. Hannover 96 GmbH & Co. KGaA, accessed on April 20, 2019 .
  96. Chronicle. In: dtfl.de. German table football association V., accessed April 20, 2019 .
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