|Surname||Futebol Club do Porto|
|Seat||Porto , Portugal|
|founding||September 28, 1893|
|Members||138,000 (March 2016)|
|president||Jorge Pinto da Costa|
|First soccer team|
|Head coach||Sérgio Conceição|
|Venue||Estádio do Dragão|
The Futebol Clube do Porto , shortly FC Porto or even Porto , is a sports club whose professional football team in the first Portuguese soccer league plays. It was founded on September 28, 1893 by António Nicolau d'Almeida and is based in the port city of Porto in Portugal . The home stadium is called Estádio do Dragão and was built in 2003 to host the 2004 European Football Championship . With two victories each in the national championship cup and the UEFA Champions League and two victories in the UEFA cup and the UEFA Europa League , the club is one of the most successful football teams in Europe.
In addition to football , the club also operates the other sports departments of athletics , basketball , billiards , boxing , camping , chess , fishing , handball , karate , motor sports , roller hockey , disabled sports , swimming and weightlifting .
The club was founded on September 28, 1893 as Football Club do Porto. A major contributor to the founding was António Nicolau d'Almeida , a wine merchant from Porto who got to know this sport on his travels to England. The new club was immediately in rivalry with the previously founded club from Lisbon , which was promoted and sponsored by the then Portuguese King Dom Carlos . The first game of the two clubs took place on March 2, 1894 , with a lot of media interest in Porto. The game ended 0-1 from Porto's point of view and was the starting point of a later lively Derby story. As an anecdote about the early days, it should be mentioned that d'Almeida cut back his commitment to the club shortly afterwards because his fiancée and future wife asked him to do so. In her opinion the sport was too rough and violent. Due to the departure of d'Almeida, it was initially quiet about the club.
It was not until twelve years later, in 1906, that the association was further developed by José Monteiro da Costa and his helpers. In August 1906, the club was renamed FC Porto, but also expanded to include a number of sports such as athletics , cricket , boxing and swimming . Through the use of Monteiro de Campo, FC Porto established itself as a fixture in Portugal. In 1906 the Campo da Rua da Rainha pitch was inaugurated, the first grass pitch in Portugal. In 1907 the first game against a foreign team, the Spanish club Real Fortuna de Vigo , was played in Porto, and in 1908 FC Porto played its first game abroad, also in Vigo . The first official title as northern Portuguese champion was won in 1912. A national league did not yet exist.
In 1912 the club moved to the Campo da Constituição stadium , which brought about a significant improvement in training conditions. As a consequence, the sporting level of the club also increased. This development culminated in winning the first Portuguese championship held in 1934. In the same year, the player Augusto Baptista Ferreira (called Simplício ), who was a full-time graphic artist, designed the original club crest. This has essentially not been changed since then.
At the same time as football, other sports were promoted and new departments were founded, such as gymnastics in 1910 , basketball and hockey in 1926 , rugby in 1932, handball in 1932, table tennis in 1932 , billiards and fishing in 1940 , volleyball in 1943 , cycling in 1945 , climbing in 1951 and ice hockey in 1955 .
FC Porto had around 8,000 paying members in 1945, a large number for Portuguese standards at the time. The number of members and athletes continued to grow, and space became increasingly scarce. That is why the planning of a new stadium was started, but it could not be realized until 15 years later. That is why clubs with friends like Sport Progresso in Amial or Académico FC (Estádio do Lima) were switched to alternative sports facilities . The new stadium was inaugurated in 1952 as the "Estádio do Futebol Clube do Porto", but it has become known as the Estádio das Antas . Originally built as a pure football stadium, the venue developed into a real sports facility that could also be used by other sports.
Phase of stagnation
The last (and only) championship in football was some time ago. The handball and cycling departments , which won the national championships in rows, were much more successful . This relative dry season ended in 1956 when, in addition to the championship, the cup was won (and thus the first double was achieved). The championship was won again in 1959, but was followed by 18 unsuccessful seasons. Again it was the handball and cycling departments that added to the list of titles won. In 1960 the motorsport department was founded and in 1967 chess was founded.
In 1978 a championship could finally be won again. This success is closely linked to two names: on the one hand, the coach José Maria Pedroto (the "master"), who introduced modern training methods in Portuguese football, and on the other hand, Jorge Nuno Pinto da Costa , head of the football department at the time. The latter made a name for itself later.
1979 brought some setbacks: after the table tennis and rugby departments were dissolved, the handball department also had to close. In 40 seasons, this team had won 28 championships, a record unmatched in Portugal to this day.
Departure to new shores
The arrival of Jorge Nuno Pinto da Costa as club president at FC Porto can be seen as a turning point in the club's history. But this was only slowly becoming noticeable. In the same year the first international title (European Cup) in hockey was won. This was repeated in 1986 and 1990. The athletics department also developed (see Aurora Cunha or Rosa Mota ). The soccer team reached the final of the European Cup Winners' Cup in 1984 , but had to admit defeat to Juventus Turin . Three years later, the European Champions Cup was won against FC Bayern Munich in a dramatic match. After FC Porto were already 1-0 down, Rabah Madjer equalized with a heel trick before Juary Filho scored the winning goal. The World Cup game was won against Peñarol Montevideo . The season was rounded off by winning the UEFA Super Cup against the Dutch club Ajax Amsterdam . A period of dominance began at the national level and has continued to this day. In the 1990s z. B. won the championship eight times, five times in a row. Part of the responsibility for this was, among others, Bobby Robson , who was employed as a coach from 1993 to 1996.
At the international level, however, the success could not be repeated for a long time. As was often the case later, good players were poached from more financially strong clubs and had to be replaced by inexperienced players. So the captain moved Paulo Futre in 1987 to Atlético Madrid and just as Rabah Madjer to FC Valencia . Other well-known players such as Mário Jardel , Benni McCarthy or Alenitschew became known to a larger audience at FC Porto during the 1990s.
It was only with coach José Mourinho that you could establish yourself again in the European upper class.
Mourinho era to this day
Mourinho began his coaching career in January 2002 by introducing radical innovations. He built the then unknown players Deco and Ricardo Carvalho as well as Vítor Baía , who had returned from FC Barcelona , into the team and thus formed a successful team that won the 2003 UEFA Cup against Celtic Glasgow in addition to the national championship . A year later this was exceeded with the victory in the Champions League final against AS Monaco in Gelsenkirchen 3-0. The team convinced and won the Portuguese championship and the Portuguese Supercup in the same year. The season was crowned by winning the World Cup against the Colombian club Once Caldas (8: 7 n.E.).
During this successful period, a new stadium, the Estádio do Dragão , was built in the middle of the city . It was inaugurated on November 16, 2003 during a game against FC Barcelona , which was won 2-0. The stadium was also the venue for the opening ceremony for the 2004 European Football Championship and, in addition to the home games of FC Porto, it is also used for the Portuguese national football team and other major events. The old Estádio das Antas was demolished in 2004.
After his move to Chelsea , Mourinho's place could not be filled equally. The departures of key players like Deco , Ricardo Carvalho and Ferreira could not be absorbed either. Mourinho's successor Luigi Delneri had to leave after 22 days, his successor Víctor Fernández could only partially meet the high expectations and was dismissed on matchday 19. Then José Couceiro worked until the end of the season, but could not defend the championship or the championship in the year after the Champions League victory. In May 2005 Co Adriaanse was hired as a coach for the 2005/06 season. He left the club after a year after winning the Portuguese double . Jesualdo Ferreira , who was poached by city rival Boavista Porto in August 2006, was hired as his successor . This managed to defend the championship in three consecutive seasons, making FC Porto the defining team in the league in the new millennium (six championships between 2000 and 2010). The club was the only Portuguese team to always be represented in the Champions League, but FC Porto did not get beyond the quarter-finals . As a result of the referee scandal in 2003/04, the club was excluded from the Champions League for the 2008/09 season under the UEFA Statutes . In addition, the club's president Pinto da Costa was banned from all his offices for at least two years and a fine of 150,000 euros was imposed. In an appeal process, the exclusion from the 2008/09 Champions League was revised first provisionally and then finally. The other penalties remain, however. Admission to the Champions League 2009/10 was also granted.
On May 26, 2010, the club dismissed Jesualdo Ferreira, who had led FC Porto to three championships and two cup wins. In the 2009/10 season, FC Porto missed second place in the league, which would have meant qualifying for the Champions League. Thus, for the first time since 2003, the club was no longer represented in the financially lucrative final round. André Villas-Boas , who had already worked for the club as assistant coach under José Mourinho, was hired as the new coach . With Villas-Boas, FC Porto won the championship 21 points ahead of arch rivals Benfica without losing a game (most recently Benfica Lisbon in 1973), the Supercup and the Cup with a 6-2 win in the final against Vitória Guimarães . In addition, FC Porto won the Europa League on May 18, 2011 in the first purely Portuguese final. Opponents in Dublin were Sporting Braga, who were defeated 1-0. Despite the successful season, Villas-Boas resigned on June 21, 2011 to move to Chelsea can. On the same day, Vítor Pereira , who had previously been assistant coach under Villas-Boas, became the new head coach. FC Porto had not been beaten 55 games in a row in the league across all seasons and only one game was missing to set Benfica's record. The series ended after 700 days with a 1: 3 in the away game at Gil Vicente FC on January 29, 2012. The penultimate defeat brought Sporting Lisbon 3: 0 on February 28, 2010. Meanwhile, FC Porto took third place in the Champions League in a group with Shakhtar Donetsk , Zenit St. Petersburg and APOEL Nicosia and only continued to play in the Europa League . There the defending champion was eliminated against Manchester City . At the end of the season, the FCP defended the Portuguese championship title. In the 2013/14 Champions League , FC Porto finished second in a group with Dinamo Zagreb , Paris Saint-Germain and Dynamo Kiev . In the last sixteen they were eliminated from Málaga FC . In the league, FC Porto were runner-up until the penultimate matchday and became Portuguese champions for the third time in a row with a win on the last matchday. In the new season, FC Porto finished third in the group stage of the Champions League with FK Austria Wien , Atlético Madrid and Zenit St. Petersburg and continued to play in the Europa League . In the sixteenth final , the team prevailed against Eintracht Frankfurt and failed in the last sixteen at the eventual title holder FC Sevilla . In the championship you had to let Benfica Lisbon go first.
The club crest of FC Porto initially consisted of just one ball with the words FCP . In October 1922, the then player of the club Augusto Baptista Ferreira (also known as Simplício ) added the city's coat of arms of the city of Porto. The new emblem consists of a four-part shield and shows the former royal coat of arms of the Portuguese monarchy in the upper left and lower right quarters and the former coat of arms of the city in the upper right and lower left quarters. In the center of the four-part shield is a heart, symbolized as a symbol for the heart of Peter IV , which is in an urn in the Igreja da Lapa . The shield is surrounded by the Grand Cross of the Order of the Tower and the Sword . Above the shield is the royal crown with a dragon wearing a ribbon around its neck with the word Invicta on it. The title Invicta was given to the city by Queen Maria II . In 2005 the logo was modernized a bit.
Placement since the league was founded
As of December 7, 2019
|No.||Nat.||Surname||birthday||in the team since||Contract until|
|32||Agustín Marchesín||March 16, 1988||2019||2023|
facts and figures
Well-known former players
Iberian Cup : 1
- Portuguese Championship : 29
- Portuguese Cup : 17
- Portuguese Supercup : 21
Campeonato de Portugal : 4
- 1922; 1925; 1932; 1937
Portuguese League Intercalar: 1
- Portuguese Supercup of Porto: 14 1915/1916, 1916/1917, 1947/1948, 1956/1957, 1957/1958, 1959/1960, 1960/1961, 1961/1962, 1962/1963, 1963/1964, 1964/1965, 1965/1966, 1980/1981, 1983/1984
- Portuguese Cup of Postage: 30 1914/15, 1915/16, 1916/17, 1918/19, 1919/20, 1920/21, 1921/22, 1922/23, 1923/24, 1924/25, 1925/26, 1926/27, 1927/1928, 1928/29, 1929/30, 1930/31, 1931/32, 1932/33, 1933/34, 1934/35, 1935/36, 1936/37, 1937/38, 1938 / 39, 1940/41, 1942/43, 1943/44, 1944/45, 1945/46, 1946/47
- Portuguese Cup from Porto (reserve): 32 1932/33, 1933/34, 1934/35, 1935/36, 1929/38, 1939/40, 1942/43, 1944/45, 1945/46, 1946/47, 1953 / 54, 1954/55, 1956/57, 1959/60, 1960/61, 1961/62, 1963/64, 1964/65, 1965/66, 1968/69, 1969/70, 1970/1971, 1971/72 , 1972/73, 1973/74, 1989/90, 1990/91, 1991/92, 1992/93, 1993/94
Luis Otero Cup, Pontevedra, Spain
- 1962, 1964
- Thailand Premier Cup, Bangkok , Thailand
La Coppa Mundialito de Cubes, Milan
Tournament de Bergamo, Genova
Tournament Paris, Paris
Tournament International Toronto, Canada
Tournament Centenario Atalanta, Atlanta
Thomas Cook Cup, Manchester
International tournament Braga, Portugal
Tournament Peru, Lima, Peru
Tournament Port of Rotterdam, Rotterdam
Tournament Luanda, Angola
Martini tournament, Milan
Seculo Cup, Portugal
Vitoria Cup, Portugal
Juan Acuna Cup, La Corunha
Estadio Luz Cup, Lisbon
Estadio Sporting Clube Braga, Braga
Tournament 3 Cidades, Vigo
Tournament Albufeira Anima, Portugal
There are two officially recognized ultra groups that support FC Porto.
The larger of the two groups was founded on November 30, 1986 in Porto. Today it has around 10,000 members, divided into 110 centers. In terms of numbers, she is one of the world's largest organized fan groups. The current president is Fernando Madureira (called "Macaco"). The "Super Dragões" can not only be found in numerous Portuguese cities, but have also settled in European cities such as Zurich , Brussels , Paris and Luxembourg .
Colectivo Ultras 95
This group was formed on June 6, 1995 from an association of fans who met regularly in the north curve of the Estádio das Antas . They distinguish themselves from the former group through a more alternative management style. So they renounce z. B. on a president, and there are separate women's groups (so-called girls). At the moment these ultras consist of 1000 members, divided into 21 subgroups. As with the “Super Dragões”, these can be found in several European cities such as Luxembourg or Paris .
FC Porto is now considered to be one of the most economical football clubs in terms of its transfer policy, with transfer expenses of 198 million euros from 2007 to 2012 compared with transfer income of 379 million euros. Since 2003, the club has spent € 284 million on signing 205 players and posted transfer revenues of € 555 million in the same period.
The association is known for "its excellent scouting system in South America". Young talents are attracted by the excellent youth work and the good sporting prospects of FC Porto in Portuguese football. Young Brazilians also benefit from the fact that the same language is spoken in their home country as in the new country.
FC Porto is also a top club for roller hockey, which is relatively popular and professionally operated in Portugal . The club has won numerous national and international titles and trophies. The highlights here are the two successes of 1986 and 1990 in the European Champions League trading as the CERH European League , two titles in the UEFA Cup Equivalent CERS Cup in the 1990s, and two European Cup winners' cups in the 1980s. The roller hockey department of FC Porto was launched in 1955. One of the pioneers was Acúrsio Carrelo , who was appointed to the Portuguese national team during his time at the club in both roller hockey and football.
- Europa League : 1986, 1990
- European Cup Winners' Cup : 1982, 1983
- CERS Cup : 1994, 1996
- Championship of Portugal: 1983, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1999, 2000, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011
- Cup of Portugal: 1983, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1996, 1998, 1999, 2005, 2006, 2008, 2009, 2020
FC Porto is the Portuguese record handball champion in both indoor and field handball as well as multiple cup winners in the hall. Internationally, the club was able to reach the quarter-finals of the European Cup Winners' Cup twice (2000/01, 2001/02). In 2019 they reached the Final Four in the EHF Cup and ended up third.
Success in indoor handball
- 21 × Portuguese champions 1954, 1957, 1958, 1959, 1960, 1963, 1964, 1965, 1968, 1998, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2019
- 8 × Portuguese Cup Winner 1976, 1977, 1979, 1980, 1994, 2006, 2007, 2019
Success in field handball
- 29 × Portuguese champions 1939, 1940, 1941, 1942, 1943, 1944, 1945, 1947, 1949, 1950, 1951, 1952, 1953, 1954, 1955, 1956, 1957, 1958, 1959, 1960, 1967, 1968, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1974, 1975
Billiards (three cushion)
After the club hosted the Coupe d'Europe in 2016 and won the silver medal behind the Turkish club Gaziantepspor , the players Daniel Sánchez (ESP), Torbjörn Blomdahl (SWE), Rui Manuel Costa (PRT) and João Pedro Ferreira (PRT) Swap roles with the Turks in 2017 and win the gold medal and thus the crown of the European three-cushion league for the first time. Club President Jorge Alipio and his team celebrated this historic victory. Portugal has hosted the Three Cushion World Cup several times . At the beginning of July 2017, FC Porto acted as the host of this tournament series for the first time and received a total of 149 queue artists in addition to the 14 world's best players in the world rankings. At the end of June, the club had also won the national title. The European Cup was held in the billiards department's own premises, while the World Cup was held in the Dragão Caixa Pavilion . This is located directly on the grounds of the football stadium.
- Record.pt: Sporting ultrapassa os 160 mil socios
- Postage is deducted from points. Archived from the original on April 15, 2009 ; accessed on June 15, 2017 .
- Porto may well play along. Retrieved June 15, 2017 .
- http://de.uefa.com/uefa/keytopics/kind=512/newsid=732463.html ( Memento from April 15, 2009 in the Internet Archive )
- Gate to the premier class for Porto open. Retrieved June 15, 2017 .
- Postage to Ferreira. Retrieved June 15, 2017 .
- publico.pt: FC Porto confirma que André Villas-Boas pediu a rescisão June 21, 2011 (Portuguese)
- desporto.sapo.pt: Vítor Pereira é o novo treinador do FC Porto June 21, 2011 (Portuguese)
- History of the Emblem (Portuguese) ( Memento from November 13, 2013 in the Internet Archive )
- tn.de: FC Porto balance sheet
- News article on goal.com , accessed on June 29, 2014
- Martina Farmbauer: FC Porto - There are always economic miracles , FAZ.net, accessed on June 29, 2014.
- Nuno Tavares, Michael Harrold: Porto Produced on the Assembly Line, UEFA.com, accessed June 29, 2014.
- Markus Schönhoff: jubilation and tears of joy after Porto triumph. Kozoom , June 12, 2017, accessed June 15, 2017 .
- Markus Schönhoff: World Cup Porto: players, schedule and groups. Kozoom, June 14, 2017, accessed June 28, 2017 .
- Markus Schönhoff: World Cup in Porto. Kozoom, July 1, 2017, accessed July 3, 2017 .