|Surname||Paris Saint-Germain Football Club|
|Seat||Saint-Germain-en-Laye , France|
|founding||August 12, 1970|
|Colours||blue, red and white|
|owner||Qatar Sports Investments|
|First soccer team|
|Head coach||Thomas Tuchel|
|Venue||Parc des Princes|
|2019/20||1st place (quotient regulation)|
The Paris Saint-Germain Football Club , generally known in German-speaking countries as Paris Saint-Germain or just PSG , sometimes also run as Paris SG , is a French football club from the Paris suburb of Saint-Germain-en-Laye .
PSG plays its home games in the Prinzenparkstadion (Parc des Princes) . The club colors are blue and red. The club has been French champions 9 times , French cup winners 13 times and, in 1996, European cup winners' cups . This makes PSG one of the most successful football clubs in France.
The club was officially founded on August 12, 1970 on the initiative of Parisian personalities and emerged from the suburban club Stade Saint-Germain from Saint-Germain-en-Laye , which had been founded in 1904. This had qualified for promotion to the second division in 1969/70 . PSG took this place and in 1970/71 even achieved immediate promotion to the top division, Division 1 (D1 for short), which has been referred to as Ligue 1 since 2002 . In 1972, however, PSG was transferred to the third-tier national team because of the violation of a requirement of the FFF football association , according to which professional clubs also had to have a substructure of amateur and youth teams , with the previous league team switching to Paris FC , which was also newly founded a few years earlier . This was allowed to take Saint-Germains place in Division 1 in the 1972/73 season . PSG became Stade Saint-Germain again in the third division, but after being promoted to Division 2 in 1973, they renamed themselves to Paris Saint-Germain FC.
In the same year, fashion designer Daniel Hechter joined Saint-Germain as a patron ; from 1974 to 1978 he was president. With the French football legend Just Fontaine as coach, the second promotion in a row took place and thus already after the season 1973/74 the return to the D1. Oddly enough, Paris FC was relegated from D1 in the same season. Since then, PSG have played in the top division without interruption. In 1974 the club also moved to the Prinzenparkstadion . This new club replaced the two traditional Parisian clubs Racing Club and Red Star in the top French division as the capital club.
At the beginning of the 1980s, when he won the French soccer cup twice, the first major successes were achieved, which were crowned by the championship title of the 1985/86 season . Important players in this championship team were midfielder Safet Sušić , striker Dominique Rocheteau and captain Luis Fernández , who years later took over the club twice as coach.
The 1990s were even more successful for the capital city club; The cup was won three more times, the league again in the 1993/94 season . Part of this championship team was the Liberian George Weah , who was the top scorer of the Champions League in the following season . Weah was also named FIFA World Player of the Year and Europe's Footballer of the Year in 1995 ; but he moved to AC Milan in the summer of the same year .
However, PSG celebrated the greatest success in the 1995/96 season when the club won the Austrian club SK Rapid Wien in the final of the European Cup Winners' Cup with players like Bernard Lama , Paul Le Guen , Youri Djorkaeff , Alain Roche , Vincent Guérin and Raí thanks to one goal from Bruno N'Gotty could defeat 0: at 1. The following year PSG reached the final of this competition again, but this time had to bow to FC Barcelona with 0-1.
PSG could not build on such successes in the first decade of the new millennium, although the club invested large sums in players like Nicolas Anelka , Stéphane Dalmat or Pauleta or acquired talents like Ronaldinho or Gabriel Heinze relatively cheaply. Although the cup was won three times again, PSG was only able to convince in the league at the beginning of the new millennium, while after that they lost contact with the top teams and were mostly in the middle of the table. The low point was the 2007/08 season , when the club narrowly escaped relegation. The 2010/11 season ended in fourth place, the best placement for the club in several years. In the Europa League , the team was eliminated in the round of 16 against Benfica Lisbon .
In the 2011/12 season he was runner-up, the best placement in over ten years, and finally the third championship title twelve months later . In 2013 the club gave itself a new logo, which in some cases met with fierce criticism from its followers - among other things because "Saint-Germain" is written much smaller than "Paris" and the year it was founded is no longer mentioned.
In the two following seasons PSG defended the championship title. In addition, in the 2014/15 season , the players made it onto the winners' lists of all four national competitions (league, state and league cup, and at the start of the season - and again before the start of the 2015/16 season - the Trophée des Champions , i.e. the Supercup) to be entered; PSG, under coach Laurent Blanc, was the first French club to win the "Quadruplé". All four titles were defended in the 2015/16 season , but in 2016/17 PSG were only runner-up behind AS Monaco for the first time in five years. As a result, the club signed the Brazilian striker Neymar from FC Barcelona for 222 million euros (making him the most expensive player of all time) and the exceptional French talent Kylian Mbappé for 180 million euros from league rivals and reigning champions Monaco in August 2017 . After the 2015/16 season, coach Laurent Blanc and PSG separated after 3 years and 11 titles, but could not win the Champions League title despite winning the four national French titles.
For the 2016/17 season, the Spaniard and three-time UEFA Europa League winner of Sevilla FC , Unai Emery, became PSG's new head coach. In the 2017/18 season they set a new goal record of 25 goals in the Champions League group stage, but were eliminated in the round of 16 against eventual winner Real Madrid . At the national level, meanwhile, the seventh championship title , the 12th cup and the eighth league cup and supercup have been won. After the 2017/18 season, PSG and Unai Emery split after 2 years after failing to win the Champions League title and only winning all four national French titles.
For the 2018/19 season, the German Thomas Tuchel became the new head coach of Paris Saint-Germain and thus the first German coach in the history of the club. With the 2-1 win against OSC Lille on matchday 12 of the 2018/19 season, the club also set a new start record for a European league: 12 wins in the first 12 games of the season. On matchday 15, the streak of 14 wins in a row broke after a 2-2 win at Girondins Bordeaux . In the end, Thomas Tuchel and PSG won the French Supercup 2018 and the French championship 2019, the eighth championship of the club. In the Coupe de France they failed in the final against Stade Rennes on penalties, in the Coupe de la Ligue in the quarter-finals to EA Guingamp . In the Champions League it was already over against Manchester United in the round of 16.
In the 2019/20 season, PSG won the Coupe de France and the Coupe de la Ligue, which were held for the time being for the last time. After Ligue 1 was canceled on April 30, 2020 due to the corona pandemic , the point quotient was chosen as the decisive criterion. PSG were champions again and won their seventh national championship in the last eight years. In August 2020 they moved into the final of the UEFA Champions League for the first time at the final tournament in Lisbon , which however was lost 1-0 to FC Bayern Munich on 23 August 2020 .
In 2006, the US company Colony Capital acquired the association from the French television channel Canal + , which had been owned by PSG since 1991. At the time of the change of ownership, PSG's debts had grown to 240 million euros. In May 2011 Colony Capital sold 70% of its shares for about 30 million euros to the Qatari investor group Qatar Sports Investments (QSI); a further 20 million euros were raised to cover debts. A year later, QSI invested another 108 million euros in the club. In 2012 QSI took over the remaining 30% shares from Colony Capital. The newly created position of a super manager (a kind of sports director based on the English model) was filled by the new owner of the club in 2011 with Leonardo , who had played for PSG in the mid-1990s; In 2013 he resigned due to a one-year suspension.
Since the takeover by QSI , Paris has spent around 360 million euros on the transfer of new players, while only around 20.5 million (as of August 2013) were taken in through sales. So were u. a. Kevin Gameiro for 11 million and Javier Pastore for 42 million euros. Pastore was the most expensive signing and also the most expensive signing in Ligue 1. Despite these notable gains succeeded the favorite club in the 2011-12 season behind Montpellier , although coach only the runner- Antoine Kombouare as "winter champions" by Carlo Ancelotti replaced and in January 2012 other top-class players ( Maxwell , Alex , Thiago Motta ) were signed. In the following years PSG strengthened the squad and invested around 130 million euros before and during the 2012/13 season . a. in the commitment of Zlatan Ibrahimović , which ultimately paid off with the first championship win in 19 years. Before the 2013/14 season , around 111 million euros were again invested in new players, including Edinson Cavani for around 65 million euros, the most expensive new addition in league history.
With an annual turnover of 80 million euros in 2012, PSG was behind Olympique Marseille (150 million) and Olympique Lyon (132 million) in France . In 2012 the club made an operating loss of around 92 million euros; at the same time it was announced that it had signed a sponsorship contract with the QTA (Qatar's Tourism Authority), which should bring the association around 600 million euros by 2016. Critics alleged that QSI was circumventing UEFA's financial fair play requirement and pointed to the disproportionate nature of this sponsorship deal; clubs such as Real Madrid , FC Barcelona or Manchester United generate only around 10 percent of this amount with their best sponsorship deals. In 2012/13 the club's budget was 300 million euros, more than twice as much as that of Olympique Lyon. At the same time, Ibrahimović (15 million annually), Thiago Silva (9.6 million) and Lavezzi (9.4 million) were the three best-paid players in France under contract with PSG.
On August 4, 2017, the Brazilian Neymar Jr. was officially introduced as a new addition. The fixed transfer fee of 222 million euros to his old club, FC Barcelona , made Neymar the most expensive player in football history to date. By signing Kylian Mbappé for 180 million euros in the same month, the two most expensive players of all time are currently playing for PSG.
Club crest history
Current squad 2020/21
|No.||Nat.||Surname||Date of birth||in the team since||Contract until|
|1||Keylor Navas||Dec 15, 1986||2019||2023|
|16||Sergio Rico||Sep 1 1993||2019||8/2020|
|30th||Marcin Bułka||Oct. 4, 1999||2019||2021|
|40||Garissone Innocent||Apr 16, 2000||2023|
|2||Thiago Silva||22 Sep 1984||2012||8/2020|
|3||Presnel Kimpembe||Aug 13, 1995||2005||2024|
|4th||Thilo Kehrer||21 Sep 1996||2018||2023|
|5||Marquinhos||May 14, 1994||2013||2024|
|14th||Juan Bernat||1st Mar 1993||2018||2021|
|20th||Layvin Kurzawa||4th Sep 1992||2015||2024|
|22nd||Abdou Diallo||May 4, 1996||2019||2024|
|25th||Mitchel Bakker||June 20, 2000||2019||2023|
|31||Colin Dagba||Sep 9 1998||2016||2024|
|36||Loïc Mbe Soh||June 13, 2001||2013||2021|
|6th||Marco Verratti||Nov 5, 1992||2012||2024|
|8th||Leandro Paredes||June 29, 1994||2019||2023|
|11||Ángel Di María||Feb. 14, 1988||2015||2021|
|19th||Pablo Sarabia||May 11, 1992||2019||2024|
|21st||Other Herrera||Aug 14, 1989||2019||2024|
|23||Julian Draxler||Sep 20 1993||2017||2021|
|27||Idrissa Gueye||26 Sep 1989||2019||2023|
|7th||Kylian Mbappé||Dec 20, 1998||2017||2022|
|10||Neymar||Feb 5, 1992||2017||2022|
|17th||Eric Maxim Choupo-Moting||23 Mar 1989||2018||8/2020|
|18th||Mauro Icardi||19 Feb 1993||2019||2024|
|As of August 25, 2020|
Squad changes 2020/21
|Summer 2020||Adil Aouchiche||AS Saint-Etienne|
|Thomas Meunier||Borussia Dortmund|
|Tanguy Nianzou||FC Bayern Munich|
|Thomas Tuchel||Head coach|
|Zsolt Lőw||Assistant coach|
|Arno Michels||Assistant coach|
|Zoumana Camara||Assistant coach|
|Rainer Schrey||Assistant coach|
|Gianluca Spinelli||Goalkeeping coach|
- French champion (9): 1986 , 1994 , 2013 , 2014 , 2015 , 2016 , 2018 , 2019 , 2020
- French Cup Winner (13): 1982 , 1983 , 1993 , 1995 , 1998 , 2004 , 2006 , 2010 , 2015 , 2016 , 2017 , 2018 , 2020
- French league cup winner (9): 1995, 1998, 2008, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2020
- French Supercup winner (9): 1995, 1998, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019
Former players and coaches (selection)
(Status: December 12, 2019; all competitive games and goals are listed. Players with names in bold are currently active for the club)
European Cup history
As with other clubs, PSG has a number of fan groups, including some ultra and hooligan groups. One of the largest and best known is "Kop K", which supports its team at home games from the stadium block of the same name.
On the evening of November 23, 2006, following the UEFA Cup match against Hapoel Tel Aviv, there was a serious incident: after their club lost 4-2, up to 150 violent hooligans chased a single Tel Aviv fan with an Israeli one Flag . Thereupon a black policeman in plain clothes came to the rescue, who fled with the Israeli to the top floor of a fast food restaurant and was massively insulted, threatened and beaten there. After the use of tear gas had proven to be pointless, the officer, who had repeatedly identified himself as such, took up arms and shot a member of the right-wing extremist fan group "Boulogne Boys". Another PSG supporter was seriously injured and five were arrested shortly afterwards.
A day later, there was a demonstration in front of the Parc des Princes, in which the immediate dissolution of the club, whose fans had often been noticed by extremely violent behavior, was demanded.
On March 29, 2008, the “Boulogne Boys” presented a banner at the league cup final against RC Lens with the inscription “Pédophiles, chômeurs, consanguins: bienvenue chez les Ch'tis” (German: “Pedophiles, unemployed, incest-begotten: Welcome in the Northern French "), the latter as an allusion to the film" Bienvenue chez les Ch'tis ", which was very popular that year . As a result, the group was banned by the Ministry of the Interior and PSG excluded from the 2008/09 League Cup. However, the association was able to successfully defend itself legally against the exclusion. In the 2009/10 season there were repeated violent clashes between two PSG fan groups, who are based on the one hand at the tribune Boulogne and on the other hand at the tribune Auteuil in the stadium and who at least for the most part also differ in their place of residence and social affiliation: the former are rather residents of the city of Paris and the more affluent western suburbs, the latter are more likely to be attributed to the northern and eastern banlieue . Another fatality occurred in these clashes. This incident led to the ban on the groups “Supras Auteuil”, “Authentiks” and “La Grinta”.
In the 2011/2012 season, the new club president Robin Leproux took drastic security measures under the catchphrase “Tous PSG” in order to get the violence problem in the stadium under control and to improve the image of PSG. All fan groups were dissolved and their members were no longer allowed to sit in the same blocks, which was achieved by assigning a different seat to each season ticket holder for each game. In order to attract new audience groups, tickets were offered free of charge for women and half price for young people under the age of 16. These measures, which were very unpopular among the supporters, were overall successful. However, they did not stop a number of PSG fans in January 2013 from again uttering discriminatory slogans against the northern French in the game against OSC Lille , which led to an investigation by the League Association.
At the end of September 2016 there was a meeting between club president Nasser Al-Khelaifi and police prefect Michel Cadot. It was subsequently announced that the police would allow PSG organized ultras to return. Long negotiations between club representatives and the new fan association “Collectif Ultras Paris” were decisive for this. The club even announced that it would set up a mood block in the Virage Auteuil fan curve in the following home game against Girondins Bordeaux , for which season tickets could also be purchased. At the same time, PSG made it clear that this area is under special observation and that it expressly reserves the right to cancel the privilege in the event of further violations.
The PSG also has a women's football division , which after winning the second division championship in 2001 played predominantly in the top group of Division 1 Féminine and won a major national title for the first time in 2010, namely the national cup - with which the women gave the club a double , as few Weeks earlier, the men's team also won the French Cup. The women had already reached the final in 2008, but lost it at the time as well as in 2014.
For the 2012/13 season, PSG also invested heavily in women. The new coach was Farid Benstiti , former successful coach of the women's Olympique Lyons ; With Karima Benameur , the Costa Rican Shirley Cruz Traña (from Lyon), Tobin Heath and Lindsey Horan from the USA, the two Germans Annike Krahn and Linda Bresonik and the Swede Kosovare Asllani , the Parisian women gained international experience. At EUR 4.5 million, PSG also had by far the highest seasonal budget in the first French women's football league. This “purchasing policy” continued before the 2013/14 season - PSG qualified for the European championship competition due to second place in the previous season - when PSG included the current national players Marie-Laure Delie and Laura Georges , plus Léa Declercq and Ghoutia Karchouni, however, also signed two talented A-youths (2012 and U-17 world and runner-up European champions respectively ) who made six and seven league appearances respectively.
After the renewed runner-up, at which PSG at least managed to bring Lyon its first league defeat after almost four years, the club continued its purchasing policy and signed Caroline Seger from Sweden and Fatmire Alushi , Josephine Henning and Ann-Katrin Berger from Germany for 2014/15 . This season, the capital city women were indeed turn only League Second, but made it for the first time at European level under the two best female machinations of the continent - thanks a success in the second round against domestic rivals Lyon and the switching off of defending champions VfL Wolfsburg . In the final, however, they lost 1: 2 to 1. FFC Frankfurt .
For the 2015/16 season, PSG had strengthened themselves with the two Brazilian internationals Cristiane and Érika as well as with Anja Mittag , but were again only French runners-up. In the 2016/17 season, the club's women reached both the national and European cup finals under their new coach Patrice Lair . In both finals, which were played almost two weeks apart, they were defeated by Olympique Lyon.
The supporters of PSG and Olympique Marseille have a young, but all the more intense rivalry, which is not only about sporting success, but also about the two largest and most influential cities in France with the most supporters. Historical, cultural and social aspects also play a role. Since the Derby de France regularly leads to serious riots, clashes between the two clubs are considered risk games .
- Thierry Berthou / Collectif: Dictionnaire historique des clubs de football français. Pages de Foot, Créteil 1999 - Volume 1 (A-Mo) ISBN 2-913146-01-5 , Volume 2 (Mu-W) ISBN 2-913146-02-3 .
- The club has been registered with the French Football Association FFF since May 30, 1970 under its current name.
- Its founding date, June 21, 1904, is occasionally taken in France as the actual founding date of PSG, for example by Berthou (see literature).
- That is why 1973 occasionally appears as the year the association was founded. On this subject, see also France Football of February 2, 2010, p. 27, in the cover story “PSG - 40 bougies, 40 éclats”.
- Berthou / Collectif, pp. 304, 327f. and 338
- Logo see here
- France Football, June 11, 2013, p. 12
- Coupe de France: le PSG bat Auxerre (1-0) et s'offre le quadruplé. In: L'Équipe , May 30, 2015 (French).
- Neymar: Paris St-Germain sign Barcelona forward for world record 222m euros. In: BBC.com. August 3, 2017, accessed January 29, 2019 .
- Paris Saint-Germain sign 'great talent' Kylian Mbappé on initial loan. In: The Guardian. August 31, 2017, accessed January 29, 2019 .
- Champions League: PSG set goal record, Barça and Chelsea continue . In: Spiegel Online . November 22, 2017 ( spiegel.de [accessed November 23, 2017]).
- PSG sets new European record on sport1.de, November 3, 2018
- Paris Saint-Germain only plays a draw in Bordeaux , aargauerzeitung.ch, December 2, 2018
- LFP consensus in Ligue 1 & Ligue 2: PSG champions, Amiens and Toulouse relegate. Accessed April 30, 2020 .
- Tanja Kuchenbecker: Desperately looking for new donors. In: Handelsblatt .
- Qataris get on at Paris Saint-Germain. In: kicker , May 31, 2011.
- PSG sports director Leonardo resigns. In: Spiegel Online , July 10, 2013.
- sportal.de:Paris Saint-Germain: Success has its price
- Paris St. Germain: Eleven million for Lorients Kevin Gameiro , www.goal.com from June 12, 2011
- PSG makes pastore deal perfect , www.kicker.de from August 6, 2011
- Simon Fehr: Perfect: Pastore is France's record transfer. Football transfers, July 31, 2011, accessed November 27, 2012 .
- Ancelotti takes over PSG , de.uefa.com of December 30, 2011
- PSG sign national player Motta , de.fifa.com from January 31, 2012
- transfermarkt.de: Record spending thanks to Monaco and Paris
- to psg.canalblog.com
- rp-online.de:Paris SG
- France Football of July 31, 2012, p. 6, and France Football of March 19, 2013, pp. 4-18; the budget information is partly based on notifications from the clubs, and partly also calculations by the FF editorial team.
- Paris Saint-Neymar. In: spiegel.de. August 4, 2017. Retrieved August 4, 2017 .
-  , psg.fr
- Effectif , lfp.fr (players added with bets).
- Tuchel and PSG win national triple in France. August 1, 2020, accessed August 1, 2020 .
- Kim Rahir: Hooligan drama in Paris: "These are savages, these are criminals". In: spiegel.de . November 24, 2006, accessed December 11, 2019 .
- Details on these disputes in France Football of March 23, 2010, pp. 32–35.
- see the article from January 29, 2013 at francefootball.fr
- Ultras are allowed to return to Paris SG. In: faszination-fankurve.de. September 30, 2016, accessed September 30, 2016 .
- France Football, September 11, 2012, p. 14
- see the article from July 2, 2013 at footofeminin.fr
- according to the article " Erika and Cristiane are Parisians " from August 20, 2015 at footofeminin.fr