Olympique Marseille

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Olympique Marseille
Club crest of Olympique Marseille
Basic data
Surname Olympique de Marseille
Seat Marseille , France
founding August 31, 1899
Colours white-light blue
owner Frank McCourt
president Jacques-Henri Eyraud
Website om.fr
First soccer team
Head coach André Villas-Boas
Venue Stade Velodrome
Places 67,394
league Ligue 1
2019/20 2nd place (quotient regulation)

Olympique Marseille (officially Olympique de Marseille ), often also referred to as l'OM for short , is a French football club from Marseille founded in 1899 by René Dufaure de Montmirail . The founding member of Division 1 is a nine-time national champion and the only French team to win the UEFA Champions League . In 1993 Marseille was stripped of another national championship title due to a bribery affair and the club was forcibly transferred to the second division for the 1994/95 season . The club motto also contained in the OM coat of arms is Droit au but , in German: straight to the goal.

The president is Jacques-Henri Eyraud; the league team is coached by André Villas-Boas , who was signed in May 2019.


Before World War II

Olympique Marseille was one of the 20 founding members of Division 1 in 1932 , a division that was divided into two parts in the first year and consisted of 10 teams each. Marseille missed the final game of the two group winners as runners-up in Group A. In the following game year , Olympique Marseille were already close to the first French championship, but lost their last game of the season with 1: 3 at bottom of the table CA Paris - a team that had lost 21 of their 25 games to date - and fell back to 3rd place . The title was won for the first time in 1937 , although after three defeats in the last four games of the season, the point advantage was completely exhausted in the end and the team was only able to prevail because of the better goal difference against FC Sochaux . Further successes could have been prevented by the outbreak of war , up to which two runner-up championships followed.

From 1945 to the 1970s

Olympique Marseille was able to secure its second title win in 1948 , but then sank more and more into insignificance. If the club secured relegation on the last match day in 1958 due to the better goal difference against FC Metz , the team rose from Division 1 for the first time the following year as bottom of the table .

After a one-year stint in the 1962/63 season, Marseille did not re- establish itself in the first division until 1966 and, under the new club president Marcel Leclerc, even continued the great successes of the 1920s and 1930s a few years later. The biggest coup was the commitment of the Yugoslav Josip Skoblar , who in 1971 with his 44 goals made a significant contribution to the third title win and was awarded the Golden Shoe for it. Gilbert Gress and Roger Magnusson were also among the most successful players of his time, and later the Brazilian Jairzinho . Between 1969 and 1972, Olympique Marseille won the French championship and the French cup twice. Internationally, however, there were no successes; In the national championship cup, Marseille lost in the round of 16 in 1971 to Ajax Amsterdam (1: 2, 1: 4), the following year the team was eliminated in the first round against Juventus Turin (1: 0, 0: 3).

Steep rise, deep fall

Logo 1990-1993

After mixed years, Olympique Marseille belonged again to Europe's top clubs from the late 1980s. After the ambitious Bernard Tapie took over the office of club president in 1985, the club invested a lot of money in the following years in signing new players of international stature. In addition to the Germans Karlheinz Förster , Klaus Allofs and Rudi Völler, they also included Alain Giresse , Jean Tigana and especially Jean-Pierre Papin . Five times in a row, from 1988 to 1992, Papin was the top scorer in Division 1 and thus played a significant role in the four consecutive championships from 1989 . The team now also attracted attention internationally. In the European Cup in 1990, Marseille only failed in the semi-finals against Benfica Lisbon (2-1, 0-1), and in 1991 in the final against Red Star Belgrade with 3-5 on penalties. In 1993, Olympique won the Champions League final against AC Milan in Munich, with Basile Boli's goal, the only European Cup victory to date.

The sporting climax was followed by a sudden decline for Olympique Marseille in 1993. After it became known that club officials had paid bribes before the match against US Valenciennes (" Affair OM-VA "), the French championship was revoked, the club was downgraded to the second division in 1994 and several people involved were convicted. The club had hit rock bottom and was on the verge of ruin due to high debts in the mid-1990s. The 1993 European Cup also received late blemishes. At the beginning of 2006, Jean-Jacques Eydelie admitted in a conversation with the French sports newspaper L'Équipe that, with the exception of Rudi Völler, all players before the Champions League final against AC Milan received an injection that was unknown to them in terms of their composition. Irish international Tony Cascarino made similar doping allegations back in 2003 in a column in the British newspaper The Times . With no final clarification expected 13 years after the final, UEFA stopped pursuing Eydelies doping allegations despite initial deliberations and Milanese title claims. In May 1999 Olympique lost 3-0 to AC Parma in the UEFA Cup final

In the 21st century

At the turn of the millennium, the club recovered and narrowly missed the championship in 1999 , one point behind Girondins Bordeaux . In May 2004, Marseille defeated in the UEFA Cup final with 0: 2 against FC Valencia . The 2005/06 season ended disappointingly for Marseille and reflected the results of the previous year. In both years, Marseille missed the UEFA Cup qualification on the final day of the match with a draw at Bordeaux due to the poorer goal difference compared to fourth place.

Olympique was again embroiled in a scandal involving illegal transactions involving signing new players, evaded social security contributions and the like. Ä. from the years from 1997 onwards. A court has sentenced a total of 13 people to imprisonment of several years in some cases and to heavy fines, including ex-president Robert Louis-Dreyfus and other board members of OM, several lawyers and players' agents / advisors (one of the most famous: ex-international Jean-François Larios ); only the then sports director Marcel Dib was acquitted.

Regardless of all the problems, according to a representative survey, OM is currently the most popular local football club in France.

Reaching the runner-up in the 2006/07 season and third place in 2007/08 allowed OM to participate in the Champions League again. However, they only reached 3rd place in Group A, only to be defeated in the round of 16 of the UEFA Cup by eventual cup winners Zenit Saint Petersburg . In the 2008/09 season , OM took 2nd place in Ligue 1 and thus qualified directly for the Champions League. They only reached third place in the group and lost again in the second round of the Europa League , this time against Benfica Lisbon. In 2010, Marseille won titles for the first time in 17 years with the championship, the Coupe de la Ligue and the Trophée des Champions and in 2011 was able to repeat the successes in the League Cup and Supercup. The group stage of the 2013/14 Champions League season ended Marseille bottom of Group F without a single point win. This had never happened to any French club before, and for France Football “this performance alone symbolizes the international weakness of French club football”.

In October 2016, Frank McCourt , US entrepreneur and former owner of the MLB team of the Los Angeles Dodgers and Dodger Stadium , took over the shares from majority shareholder Margarita Louis-Dreyfus . He installed Jacques-Henri Eyraud as the new president, and a few days later a new head coach was hired in the person of Rudi Garcia . On October 27, 2016, the club announced the commitment of Andoni Zubizarreta . The former Spanish national goalkeeper took over the office of sports director.




Current squad 2019/20

As of May 8, 2020

No. Nat. Surname birthday in the team since Contract until
01 CameroonCameroon Simon Ngapandouetnbu 04/12/2003 2019 2022
16 FranceFrance Yohann Pelé 04/11/1982 2015 2020
30th FranceFrance Steve Mandanda (C)Captain of the crew March 28, 1985 2017 2021
40 FranceFrance Ahmadou Dia 10/13/1999 2019 2022
02 JapanJapan Hiroki Sakai 04/12/1990 2016 2022
03 SpainSpain Álvaro González 01/08/1990 2019 2020
04th FranceFrance Boubacar Kamara 11/23/1999 2017 2022
15th CroatiaCroatia Duje Ćaleta-Car 09/17/1996 2018 2023
17th Guinea-aGuinea Bouna Sarr 01/31/1992 2015 2022
18th FranceFrance Jordan Amavi 03/09/1994 2017 2021
31 ComorosComoros Abdallah Ali Mohamed 04/11/1999 2019 2022
32 FranceFrance Lucas Perrin 11/19/1998 2018 2021
08th FranceFrance Morgan Sanson 08/18/1994 2017 2022
12 NetherlandsNetherlands Kevin Strootman 02/13/1990 2018 2023
21st FranceFrance Valentin Rongier 07/12/1994 2019 2024
22nd FranceFrance Grégory Sertic 08/05/1989 2017 2020
24 TunisiaTunisia Saîf-Eddine Khaoui 04/27/1995 2016 2021
27 FranceFrance Maxime Lopez 12/04/1997 2014 2021
29 FranceFrance Florian Chabrolle 04/07/1998 2018 2021
34 FranceFrance Alexandre Phliponeau 01/26/2000 2019 2022
07th SerbiaSerbia Nemanja Radonjić 02/15/1996 2018 2023
09 ArgentinaArgentina Dario Benedetto 05/17/1990 2019 2023
10 FranceFrance Dimitri Payet 03/29/1987 2017 2022
26th FranceFrance Florian Thauvin 01/26/1993 2017 2021
28 FranceFrance Valere Germain April 17, 1990 2017 2021
36 FranceFrance Marley Aké 01/05/2001 2019 2022
38 FranceFrance Isaac Lihadji 04/10/2002 2019 2020

People who shaped the club in the past

Great trainers

Among all the trainers that the club has employed since Peter Farmer (1923-1924), the following were the ones who were most frequently responsible for OM's first team at national and international competitive games:

Trainer Period
from ... to ...
Number of
1 Mario Zatelli 1968–1973 (a) 197
2 Gérard Gili 1988-1997 (a) 190
3 Jules Zvunka 1974–1980 (a) 165
Didier Deschamps 2009–2012 165
5 Henri Roessler 1950-1954 152
Trainer Period
from ... to ...
Number of
6th József Eisenhoffer 1935–1941 (a) 142
Jean Robin 1956–1980 (a) 142
8th Roland Gransart 1981-1984 137
9 Rolland Courbis 1997-1999 111
10 Lucien Troupel 1959-1962 105
Status: July 2012
(a) Head coach not continuously in the specified period


Olympique Marseille plays its home games at the Stade Vélodrome ( officially Orange Vélodrome since 2016 through a sponsorship agreement ), which despite its name no longer has a cycle track since 1998 . This eponymous track was removed from the facility during the renovations for the football World Cup in France. The Stade Vélodrome was rebuilt and expanded for the 2016 European Football Championship . Among other things, the spectator stands were given a complete roof. In the 2013/14 season, 48,000 seats were available for fans. After the work, the home of OM will have around 68,000 spectator seats. It is the largest stadium in the country used for club games. Only the Stade de France in Paris is bigger and serves as the national stadium (i.e. for international matches and cup finals) without having a home club.

Women's soccer

Olympique had had a women's football department since the 1970s , the first team of which, in 1979 and 1980, when they were second in the group, only narrowly failed to make it into the final for the national championship title. However, the association dissolved this in 1985.

In 2011, OM set up such a department again. Unlike the southern French competitors from Lyon, Montpellier or Toulouse, OM did not use the opportunity to fall back on an existing group of experienced players and existing structures by incorporating an already existing women's club and - in this case, FAMF , the successor of Celtic Marseille , was available Debate - to begin right away in the third highest division. Rather, the club has recruited a group of very young women who started in the lowest regional league in a multi-stage screening process, and also set up a youth division. In 2014, Olympiques women were promoted to the second division , in which they won the championship of the southern group in 2016. That is why Olympiques women competed in Division 1 Féminine for the first time in the 2016/17 season and stayed there for two years.


Choreography of CU 84 before a game against arch rivals PSG

Olympique Marseille is one of the most popular football clubs in France and has a nationwide following. Its oldest ultra grouping is the Commando Ultra , founded in 1984 , which, together with the South Winners from 1987, populates the south curve (Virage Sud) of the local Stade Vélodrome . The north curve (Virage Nord) is shared by the Dodgers Marseille (founded in 1992), MTP Marseille Trop Puissant (1994), Fanatics (1988) and Yankee Nord Marseille (1987).

A long-standing and intensive friendship (primarily of the Commando Ultra 84 ) exists with the fans of AEK Athens (primarily with their oldest Ultra group Original 21 ). The friendship arose when they met in the round of 16 of the 1989/90 European Cup , where Marseille prevailed 2-0 and 1-1. Since then there has been mutual support when OM plays in Greece or AEK in France.


The supporters of OM and Paris Saint-Germain are engaged in a young but all the more intense rivalry, which is not only about sporting success, but also about the two largest and most influential cities in France with the most supporters. Historical, cultural and social aspects also play a role. Since the Derby de France regularly leads to sometimes serious riots, clashes between the two clubs are considered a risk game .

The duel with Saint-Étienne , on the other hand, has more tradition - since the largest and most creative fan groups in the country meet here, it is more about who supports his team more loudly, more colorfully and more intensively. The games between OM and OL , which have been played regularly since the beginning of the 1950s, are largely free of real arguments between fan groups. In this "clash of the Olympiques" (choc des Olympiques) or L'Olympico - like Le Classique, a PR -creating new creation of the pay TV channel Canal +  - the rivalry is limited to the question of the football dominance of two clubs of the same name from the Southeast of the country.


  • Thierry Berthou / Collectif: Dictionnaire historique des clubs de football français. Pages de Foot, Créteil 1999 - Volume 1 (A – Mo) ISBN 2-913146-01-5 , Volume 2 (Mu – W) ISBN 2-913146-02-3 .
  • Jean Cornu: Les grandes equipes françaises de football. Famot, Genève 1978.
  • France Football: Olympique de Marseille. Special - Clubs de legend, 2008.
  • Alain Pécheral: La grande histoire de l'OM. Des origines à nos jours. Ed. Prolongations, o. O. 2007 ISBN 978-2-916400-07-5 .

Web links

Commons : Olympique Marseille  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Supporting documents and comments

  1. France Football of March 6, 2007, p. 11 ff.
  2. Article “Les dossiers noirs du foot français” in France Football from January 7, 2014, p. 21.
  3. rp-online.de: Olympique Marseille has a new owner Article from October 17, 2016
  4. Rudi Garcia nommé entraîneur de l'Olympique de Marseille . In: OM.net . October 20, 2016 ( om.net [accessed October 20, 2016]).
  5. ^ Andoni Zubizarreta nommé directeur sportif de l'OM . In: OM.net . October 27, 2016 ( om.net [accessed October 27, 2016]).
  6. https://www.transfermarkt.de/olympique-marseille/startseite/verein/244
  7. France Football of January 10, 2012, p. 7, updated
  8. Statistiques de l'équipe féminine de l'OM
  9. La création d'une section féminine est envisagée
  10. France Football of June 21, 2011, pp. 14/15
  11. Südkurvenbladdl: Ultras in France (article from February 28, 2014)
  12. Philippe Auclair (The Guardian): Only in Marseille: where ultras rule and temptation is never far away (English; article from January 6, 2015)
  13. Article " Clasico, Olympico and Celtico " from December 14, 2010 at sofoot.com