UEFA Europa League
|UEFA Europa League|
|First edition||1971/72 (as UEFA Cup )|
|Teams||48 (group stage)|
|Title holder||Sevilla FC|
|Record winner||Sevilla FC (6 wins)|
|Record player||Giuseppe Bergomi (96)|
|Record scorer||Henrik Larsson (31)|
UEFA Champions League
UEFA Super Cup
The UEFA Europa League is after the UEFA Champions League is the second highest of the UEFA (Union of European Football Associations) organized football European Cup competition for club teams. It was founded in 1971 under the name UEFA-Cup (proper spelling without hyphen; in Germany also UEFA-Pokal ) as the third European Cup competition (EC3) and merged in 1999/2000 with the abandoned European Cup Winners' Cup . It received its current name after the 2008/09 season . The competition in its current form comprises a three-round qualification phase, a play-off round and the main competition, which consists of a group phase and five subsequent knockout rounds . The winner of the competition has been playing against the winner of the UEFA Champions League for the UEFA Super Cup since 2000 and has been awarded a place in the UEFA Champions League of the following season since the 2014/15 season.
Record winner is Sevilla FC with six titles .
The unofficial predecessor of the UEFA Cup, along with other forerunners such as the International Football Cup (IFC), is the Exhibition City Cup , which has been held at the same time as the European Cup since 1955 and which, initiated by high-ranking football officials, was initially not organized by UEFA, but privately and in the In contrast to the IFC, for example, it was only reserved for clubs from trade fair cities, largely regardless of their position in the national league. In 1971, according to an agreement from 1970, UEFA took over the trade fair trophy and transformed it into the UEFA Cup in the following season. In contrast to the Messestädte-Pokal, clubs from all member countries that had not already qualified for the national championship or the cup winners' competition could take part. In addition, participation was made dependent on the league position. For many clubs that did not have enough strength to become champions or cup winners in their country and thus qualify for the European Cup Winners 'Cup or the European Cup Winners ' Cup, there was now a good opportunity with up to four starting places per national association to still participate in the European Cup and to compete in international comparison.
The first UEFA Cup winner was Tottenham Hotspur in 1972 . In the 1970s, German, Dutch and Belgian clubs dueled with the English for the title. Between 1968 and 1984 with Juventus Turin in 1977 a southern European club broke through the dominance of the teams from the north only once. This changed from the mid-1980s. After Real Madrid's two consecutive victories, the Italians' winning streak began in 1989 with the triumph of SSC Napoli . In eleven years, Italian clubs have been successful eight times. Inter Milan alone won the trophy three times during this time.
In 1995, UEFA introduced fair play . Until the 2015/16 season, the three fairest associations of the preseason were each entitled to an additional starting place in the first qualifying round of the competition. Each national association had the task of keeping a national fair play ranking list from which the respective fair play participant was determined.
Since the decision to abolish the higher-ranking European Cup Winners' Cup (EC2), the respective European cup winners have also qualified for the UEFA Cup from the 1999/2000 season. So far, only FC Porto has won the cup in the 2010/11 season.
In 2000, with Galatasaray Istanbul , a Turkish club secured a European Cup title for the first time. Since 2005, three teams from the former Soviet Union have won the UEFA Cup: CSKA Moscow , Zenit St. Petersburg and Shakhtar Donetsk . The FC Sevilla was in the years 2006 and 2007, winning the UEFA Cup and defend the title it - this was previously only Real Madrid succeeded in 1985 and the 1986th
After the 2008/2009 season, the second major change in the competition took place. With the aim of upgrading the UEFA Cup and, above all, bringing it closer to the Champions League in terms of advertising and sponsorship income, it was renamed the UEFA Europa League. At the same time, the competition was fundamentally changed. For more information, see section Game mode .
In 2015, Sevilla FC managed to defend their title again, making the club the record winner of the competition and continuing the dominance of Spanish teams since Valencia CF in 2004. In the previous year, the team was the first ever to win the Europa League that was not athletically qualified and only moved up from the bottom of the table through financial exclusions from other clubs. Although winning the title in 2015 was linked to qualifying for the UEFA Champions League for the first time , Sevilla FC was able to defend the title in 2016 after leaving the Champions League early. The team was the first ever to achieve the title hat trick; In relation to all European competitions it was the first triple triumph of a club since 1976.
All cup winners from all 55 UEFA member associations are eligible to participate. In addition, up to three teams per association may take part, which are placed behind those in the final table of their league that qualify for participation in the UEFA Champions League. In addition, up to the 2015/16 season, one club from each of the three best associations in the fair play classification received an additional starting place in the first qualifying round. The Europa League winner received a starting place in the Champions League for the first time in the 2015/16 season. Also since the 2015/16 season, a defeated national cup finalist does not get a starting place, even if the cup winner has qualified for the Champions League. Instead, the next best club in the league is qualified.
Liechtenstein is an exception. Since the principality does not have its own league operation (the Liechtenstein clubs compete in the league association of Switzerland), only the national cup winner competes for the principality. Theoretically, it would be conceivable that a club could buy another ticket by successfully performing in the Swiss league. This is countered by the generally weak playing strength of the Liechtenstein clubs on the one hand and a special agreement with the SFV that Liechtenstein clubs waive their participation in the event of a successful performance in the Swiss league on the other . In such a case, a Swiss club would move to the vacant space.
In addition to the national association cup winners, England and France also send the league cup winner to the European Cup. Therefore, one place in the league table is not applicable for these two nations, unless the winner of the league cup has already qualified for the Champions League or the Europa League.
How many teams from which nations are admitted depends on the one hand on the placement in the five-year ranking and on the other hand on the current qualification mode. This mode also determines in which game round the respective participants enter the competition. At least in details, there are annual adjustments.
From the 2015/16 season, 16 teams have qualified directly for the group stage, instead of seven (defending champions and cup winners of the six best associations) as since the 2012/13 season. All other participants start first in the four-stage qualification phase (three qualification rounds + play-offs), from which 22 successful teams emerge. In addition to these 38 clubs, there are 10 defeated teams from the Champions League play-offs. In addition, the eight third players from the group stage of the UEFA Champions League will be allowed to play in the third round. Of these, Galatasaray Istanbul (1999/2000), Feyenoord Rotterdam (2001/02), CSKA Moscow (2004/05), Shakhtar Donetsk (2008/09), Atlético Madrid (2009/10), FC Chelsea (2012/13 ) and Sevilla FC (2015/16) to win the UEFA Cup and the UEFA Europa League respectively.
Winning a European Cup title only leads to a further participant place if the club in question could not otherwise qualify for one of the two competitions.
Teams not admitted
If a club meets the sporting requirements for participation in the competition, UEFA reserves the right to carry out a license check and, if necessary, not admit the team. Since 2004 there have been 64 exclusions from the UEFA Cup and the UEFA Europa League for licensing reasons:
Qualification of Belgian teams
The First Division of Belgium is currently receiving three places in the Europa League: The cup winner starts in the group stage of the Europa League. The 3rd place in the championship round of the Belgian league entitles to participate in the 3rd qualifying round. The third Belgian participant will be determined via playoff games and will start in the second qualifying round.
Qualification of German teams
The German Football Association currently has three starting places in the Europa League. The DFB Cup winners and the fifth in the Bundesliga are directly qualified for the group stage and the sixth in the table for qualifying round 2 of the competition. If the DFB Cup winner also qualifies for the Bundesliga placement or for the Champions League at the same time, the Bundesliga seventh in the table moves up (until 2013/14 the defeated cup finalist, if not directly qualified), who must first go to the second qualifying round. In this case, the sixth in the league does not have to qualify, but goes straight to the group stage. In addition, German teams that finish third in their group in the group stage of the Champions League can qualify for the first knockout round of the Europa League.
In the meantime, considerations to upgrade the German league cup and to award the winner a starting place in the Europa League analogous to England and France (in this case a starting place via the league table would be omitted) were rejected again; the league cup is currently no longer being played.
Qualification of the Liechtenstein team
Qualification of Austrian teams
In Austria, the Bundesliga runners-up and thirds take part in the 2nd qualifying round, the ÖFB Cup winners in the 3rd qualifying round. If necessary, the champions also play in the play-offs or the group stage if they reach the third qualifying round or the play-offs of the UEFA Champions League and are defeated there.
Qualification of Swiss teams
In Switzerland, the fourth in the table starts in the second qualifying round. Third place in the table starts in the third qualifying round. The cup winner takes part in the group round. If the runner-up is defeated in the third qualifying round for the UEFA Champions League, he will also take part in the play-offs.
Since the beginning of the 2004/05 season there has also been a group stage in the UEFA Cup, whereas in previous years only knockout rounds were played. Initially, after two qualifying rounds, 80 teams played the first main round in the first and second leg. Then the 40 victorious clubs played the group stage in eight groups of five teams each, with only one semi-series being played in which each team played exactly one game against each other and had a total of two home rights. The first three clubs in each group made it to the next round along with the eight thirds from the Champions League. The “sixteenth-finals” were drawn so that group winners met third and group runners-up against the eight third-placed players from the Champions League. Teams from the same football association were not allowed to play against each other. From the round of 16 onwards, there were no longer any restrictions on the draws.
A new game mode was introduced for the 2009/10 season. The Intertoto Cup (UI Cup for short), which was held in preparation for the new season, was dissolved and integrated into the significantly expanded qualification phase for the Europa League. The qualification for the UEFA Champions League has also been changed, so that more teams than before can now “relegate” from the higher-quality competition to the Europa League and continue playing here. The first main round was renamed the play-off round and forms the conclusion of the qualification phase. The main round (UEFA name: Round 1) only starts with the group stage. This now contains 48 participants who compete against each other in twelve groups of four teams each in home and return matches.
The points achieved are decisive for determining the placements in the final table. Then the following criteria are compared in this order: points scored in a head-to-head comparison, goal difference in head-to-head comparison, away goals scored in head-to-head comparison, total goal difference, number of all goals scored away, club ranking in the UEFA five-year championship .
The group winners and runners-up qualify for the knockout round together with the third-placed Champions League. In the “sixteenth finals” (UEFA name: Round 2), the twelve group winners, together with the four best CL participants, form the “top half” and are drawn against the twelve runners-up and four poorer CL participants. A re-encounter between two group opponents is just as impossible as purely national encounters. From the round of 16 there are no longer any restrictions on the draws.
Since 1998, the winner of the competition has been determined in a single final at a venue specified by UEFA prior to the start of the competition. Before that, the final also consisted of a two-way leg in each of the finalists' own stadiums. In addition to the sporting reputation, the competition is lucrative for the participating clubs due to the television money. Also, additional sponsorship money usually flows because of the extended reporting, whereby the sums that are circulating in the Champions League are far from being reached.
The winner of the UEFA Europa League receives the challenge cup donated by UEFA for one year , on which the name of the winning team is engraved. The 15 kilogram trophy, made of silver and perched on a yellow marble base , was designed by the Swiss artist Alex Diggelmann and manufactured in 1972 by the Milan-based company Bertoni . The octagonal cup, which, unlike the Champions League cup, has no handles, is supported above the base by a group of stylized soccer players. The UEFA logo is on the cup itself. Originally, the rules of UEFA said that a club that won the competition three times in a row or five times in total could keep the original permanently and a new trophy would be created for subsequent competitions. According to the current regulations, the original cup, which is used to hand over the trophy, remains permanently the property of UEFA, which is why the original statue from 1972 is still in circulation after Sevilla FC won the fifth and subsequently third title in 2016. The winner will receive a full-size replica, the UEFA Europa League trophy. A club that has won the competition three times in a row or five times in total receives a “special mark of recognition” not specified by UEFA. After that, the count starts again from zero for this club.
In the 2016/17 season, the bonuses were distributed as follows: each club received a bonus of 215,000 euros for the first qualifying round, 225,000 euros for the second qualifying round and 235,000 euros for the third qualifying round. The eliminated clubs received 245,000 euros for the play-offs, and the winner received the bonus for moving into the group stage. The premium for entering the group stage is 2,600,000 euros. For a win in the group stage there are 360,000 euros, a draw is rewarded with 120,000 euros. As a bonus, the group winners receive 600,000 euros, the runners-up receive 300,000 euros.
Participants in the round of 32 will receive 500,000 euros, round of 16 participants 750,000 euros, quarter-finalists 1,000,000 euros and the semi-finalists 1,600,000 euros. The winner in the final receives EUR 6,500,000, the loser receives EUR 3,500,000. At best, an association can earn 15,710,000 euros in premiums out of the 239,800,000 euros in fixed payments. In addition to these game bonuses, there is also the money from the so-called market pool , which is mainly fed from the TV money. The market pool is initially divided among the individual nations according to the “ market value ” (or the amount that could be raised for the allocation of national television rights), and then divided among the participants of this nation depending on the progress of the clubs. For the 2016/17 season, the market pool for the Europa League is 160,000,000 euros.
For comparison: The Champions League winner receives 57,200,000 euros and, in addition, significantly higher income from the 507,000,000 euros “heavy” market pool.
In the history of the UEFA Europa League, 28 different clubs have won the title. The most successful team is Sevilla FC with six titles. This is followed by Inter Milan , Juventus Turin , Liverpool FC and Atlético Madrid , which each won three titles. Two clubs triumphed when they first participated: Tottenham Hotspur (1971/72 when they first played) and Liverpool FC (1972/73). 14 times a club managed to win the Europa League and the national championship in the same year. Liverpool FC, IFK Göteborg and FC Porto even managed to do this twice. The other eight clubs were Feyenoord Rotterdam , Borussia Mönchengladbach , Juventus Turin, PSV Eindhoven , Real Madrid , Galatasaray Istanbul , FC Valencia and CSKA Moscow . The additional win of the national cup competition - and thus the small European triple of championship, national cup and Europa League - has so far been achieved by four clubs: IFK Göteborg, Galatasaray Istanbul, CSKA Moscow and FC Porto even twice. A triple of a special kind was achieved by Liverpool FC, which did not become English champions in 2001, but won both the FA Cup and the English League Cup in addition to the UEFA Cup . Real Madrid defended their title in 1986, as well as Sevilla FC in 2007, 2015 and 2016.
So far, clubs from eleven countries have won the competition. Spain leads this ranking with twelve successes, followed by Italy and England with nine titles each. Most of the finals have been made by Spanish clubs.
The most successful player in the competition with five titles is José Antonio Reyes , who was successful with Atlético Madrid in 2010 and 2012 and with Sevilla FC in 2014, 2015 and 2016 (but not in the EL competition) , followed with four titles by Kevin Gameiro , who won the competition in 2014, 2015 and 2016 with Sevilla FC and in 2018 with Atlético Madrid.
The Swede Henrik Larsson scored the most goals overall with 31 goals. The highest number of goals within a season went to Falcao (FC Porto), who exceeded Jürgen Klinsmann's (FC Bayern Munich) 15-year-old record of 15 with 17 goals in the 2010/11 season . Fabrizio Ravanelli (1994 with Juventus against Sofia), Daniel Fonseca (1992 with Napoli against Valencia) and Aritz Aduriz (2016 with Bilbao against Genk) hold the record for the most goals in a game with 5 goals each. Willian José , Edinson Cavani , Falcao, Luca Toni , Alan Smith , Demis Nikolaidis , Jürgen Klinsmann, Ronaldo , Edgar Schmitt and Anthony Yeboah scored four goals in one game .
As of August 6, 2020
As of August 6, 2020
Players in bold are currently playing for a European club.
Ajax Amsterdam celebrated the biggest win in the competition in the 1984/85 season with 14-0 against the Red Boys Differdange . The greatest success after home and return matches was also achieved by a Dutch team against a Luxembourg team: Feyenoord Rotterdam scored 21-0 goals against US Rumelange in the 1972/73 season .
So far, there has been a city derby three times in the UEFA Cup and the UEFA Europa League : in the quarter-finals of the 2005/06 UEFA Cup , Steaua Bucharest had the upper hand against Rapid Bucharest (1: 1; 0: 0) due to the away goals rule . In the second round of the 2013-14 UEFA Europa League could in Derbi sevillano of FC Sevilla against Betis Sevilla (0: 2, 2: 0) with a 4: 3 victory in the penalty shootout claim. In the final of the 2018/19 Europa League , two London clubs, Chelsea FC and Arsenal FC, faced each other; Chelsea secured the trophy with a 4-1 win.
The most successful trainers
Unai Emery won the title with Sevilla FC (2014, 2015 and 2016) as the only coach to date three times in a row. Giovanni Trapattoni also won the competition three times, with Juventus Turin in 1977 and 1993 and with Inter Milan 1991. Luis Molowny with Real Madrid (1985 and 1986), Juande Ramos with Sevilla FC (2006 and 2007), Rafael Benítez with Valencia FC ( 2004) and Chelsea FC (2013) as well as José Mourinho with Porto FC (2003) and Manchester United (2017) won the title twice.
Both as a player and as a coach, Dino Zoff won the title with Juventus Turin (1977 and 1990), Huub Stevens with PSV Eindhoven (1978) and FC Schalke 04 (1997) and Diego Simeone with Inter Milan (1998) and with Atlético Madrid (2012, 2018).
- UEFA Champions League
- European Cup Winners' Cup (soccer)
- List of European Cup winners
- List of participants in the UEFA Europa League
- Eternal table of the UEFA Europa League and the UEFA Cup
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