CSKA Sofia

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CSKA Sofia
Basic data
Surname Central Sports Club of Army Sofia
Seat Sofia , Bulgaria
founding May 5, 1948 as Septemwri pri ZDV
Colours Red White
president BulgarianBulgarian Grisha Ganchev
Website cska.bg
First soccer team
Head coach BulgarianBulgarian Dobromir Mitow (interim)
Venue Balgarska Armija Stadium
Places 22,015
league A group
2019/20 2nd place

PFK (professional football club) CSKA Sofia (Central Sports Club of the Army Sofia, ( Bulgarian ПФК ЦСКА София ), English transcription: CSKA Sofia ) is the most successful football club in Bulgaria . In 2015, the Bulgarian Football Association revoked the record champions' license and downgraded CSKA to the third-class W Grupa . The club has been back in the A Grupa since the 2016/17 season .


Predecessor clubs and time before the official establishment

On October 28, 1923, the football club "Atletik", which was founded in 1910 and had been called "Futbol Klub" until 1919, merged with the club "Slawa", founded in 1916 as an officers 'club, to form the new officers' club "Atletik-Slawa- 1923 "(" AS-23 "for short). The team was sponsored by the Ministry of Defense , which also provided the sports equipment. In 1931 "AS-23" won the Bulgarian championship and in 1941 the national cup. The stadium of "AS-23" was completed in 1938 and forms the foundation of today's newer stadium Balgarska Armija .

In 1944 three smaller Sofia football clubs "Schipka", "Pobeda" and " Tsar Boris III " joined the "AS-23". Under pressure from the new left-wing Bulgarian post-war government in Bulgaria, the "AS-23" had to change its name initially to "Tschawdar" and later to "ZDA" (Central Army House).

Foundation phase

The real hour of birth of the club took place on May 5, 1948, when footballers from the clubs "Septemwri" and "Tschawdar" founded the "FD Septemwrisko" Sofia. Only a few months later, on September 9, 1948, this new team, after a 1: 2 in the first leg, won the Bulgarian championship 3: 1 against the reigning champions Levski Sofia .

Immediately afterwards, the association was renamed “ZDNV Sofia”, which was repeated in the following years in 1949 as “NV Sofia”, in 1950 as “NA Sofia” and in 1951 as “ZDNA Sofia”. In the first year as "ZDNA Sofia" the team played an outstanding season, won 18 of 21 games and won both the second championship and the Soviet Army Cup . In addition, the association was able to present itself several times at international venues.

1950s era

An extremely successful era began in which ZDNA Sofia had won nine other Bulgarian championships and the Soviet Army Cup three times by 1962. During this time, in 1953, the name was briefly changed to “Sofijski Garrison”, but this was reversed in the same year. In 1954, a football school was built that followed the example of large European clubs. These higher goals were then underlined in 1956 when they were the first Bulgarian club to ever take part in the European Cup. There the club impressed on its debut with a clear 8: 1 over the Romanian representative Dinamo Bucharest . When the professionalization of the Bulgarian league progressed in 1958 and switched to a season mode between autumn and spring of the following year due to international competitiveness, the club followed with a significant increase in the team. These players were mainly soldiers who came directly from their own army school. In addition, a generation change followed, as many of the aging key players from the successful team of the 50s had to pay tribute to the exhausting style.

Rebuilt in the 1960s

After a few less successful years and a merger in 1964 with the club "DSO Tscherweno zname Sofia" to "ZSKA Tscherweno zname Sofia", the newly named club was able to book the next championship in the 1965/66 season after the Soviet Army Cup in 1965. In the following season, the club reached the semi-finals of the European Champions Cup, where they were narrowly defeated by Inter Milan in a third playoff in Bologna . In 1968 the association merged again, now with "FD Septemwri ZDW Sofia" to "CSKA Septemwrijsko zname Sofija". Again you won the Soviet Army Cup and the fourteenth Bulgarian championship in the following season 1968/69.

Early 1970s era

Between the 1970/71 and 1975/76 seasons, the club won five Bulgarian championships (and three Soviet Army trophies). Among other things, the club set up the still valid goal record in a Bulgarian championship in 1972. In addition, you beat in the 1973/74 season the reigning winner of the European championship Ajax Amsterdam . After winning the last championship in 1976, there was again a significant upheaval with younger players and no further title could be won in the remaining 1970s.

New beginning in the 1980s

The start in the 1980s began with success, with the 20th championship at the end of the 1979/80 season. A team matured under the leadership of Asparuch Nikodimow , which also received the highest European attention due to its technical skills. The team defended the Bulgarian championship title for the next three years and also won the newly introduced Bulgarian Cup in 1981 and 1983. In addition, Nottingham Forest was defeated as the European title holder and the team moved into the semi-finals of the European Cup in the 1981/1982 season, in which they were subject to FC Bayern Munich . After the Soviet Army Cup was won again in the 1984/85 season, the club disbanded as a result of the course of the scandalous Bulgarian Cup final and re-founded under the name "FK Sredez Sofia". Before the start of the 1986/87 season, a change of coach was carried out and Dimitar Penew took over the leadership of the team. He formed a new team with talents, including Christo Stoitschkow , Lyuboslaw Penew and Emil Kostadinow , who later played in top European clubs. The team again won the Bulgarian championship in combination with the Bulgarian Cup and the club renamed itself to "ZFKA Sredez Sofia". This was followed by the double defense of the Bulgarian Cup and the championship in the 1988/1989 season, where they also won the Supercup and thus came to four titles in one season for the first time. The club name was then abbreviated to “ZFKA Sofia”.

Development until today

After the end of the following season in 1989/90, the club took on the name "FK CSKA Sofia", which is still valid today, and finished the season again as champions and winners of the Soviet Cup. After the political changes during this time and the lack of support from the Ministry of Defense, a difficult time followed for the association. The youth work, from which, among others, Jordan Letschkow , later active at Hamburger SV , emerged, continued to do a good job, but could not compensate for the departure of important top performers at this time. The club got negative in the headlines due to tendencies of its supporters to hooliganism and racism. In particular, the right-wing extremist hooligan group "CSKA SS Front" is notorious for its violent antics. The city derby between CSKA and rival Levski has often led to violent riots in the past. In the 2008/2009 season, the club should actually be represented in the Champions League qualification, but was deleted from licensing legal requirements not met and replaced by the rival Levski Sofia. On June 16, 2009, the club's president Dimitar Borisow announced that he would completely forego legionnaires in the future and rely on Bulgarian players. In the 2009/2010 season, CSKA Sofia played in the UEFA Europa League , in which they were eliminated as the bottom of the group with just one point against Fulham FC and 5 defeats. For the 2010/2011 season, the club reached the group stage of the 2010/11 UEFA Europa League and achieved their first tournament success in November with a win against Rapid Vienna . The club won the Bulgarian Supercup in 2011 against Litex Lovech , which automatically qualified him for the playoffs to qualify for the 2011/12 UEFA Europa League . In 2011/2012 the club won the Bulgarian Super Cup . After numerous coach dismissals for the 2012/13 season, CSKA Sofia finished third in the Bulgarian football league . On June 12, 2013, Christo Stoitschkow became the head coach of the Bulgarian record champions. Bulgaria's soccer idol quit after just one month from the highly indebted club. The reason he accused the club's management of having transferred their 6.5 million shares to him, so that he had to fear that he would have to answer for the club's deficit. At the end of 2014 the club was insolvent and in the summer of 2015 no longer received a license for the A Grupa.

Current squad - season 2019/20

(As of August 22, 2019)

goal Defense midfield attack
01 BulgariaBulgaria Petar Petrov 02/04/1999
12 BrazilBrazil Gustavo Busatto October 23, 1990
13 BulgariaBulgaria Ilija Shalamanov 08/07/2002
30th LithuaniaLithuania Vytautas Černiauskas 03/12/1989
02 BulgariaBulgaria Stoycho Atanasov 05/04/1997
03 BrazilBrazil Geferson 05/13/1994
04th Congo RepublicRepublic of the Congo Bradley Mazikou 06/02/1996
05 BulgariaBulgaria Nikolai Bodurov (C)Captain of the crew 05/30/1986
11 BulgariaBulgaria Petar Sanew October 18, 1985
19th BulgariaBulgaria Ivan Turizov 07/18/1999
24 PortugalPortugal Nuno Tomás 09/15/1995
25th SpainSpain Raúl Albentosa 07.09.1988
26th BulgariaBulgaria Valentin Antow 11/9/2000
28 BulgariaBulgaria Plamen Galabow 11/02/1995
06th PortugalPortugal Turnip pinto 04/24/1992
07th RussiaRussia Denis Dawidow 03/22/1995
08th IrelandIreland Graham Carey 05/20/1989
14th EnglandEngland Viv Solomon-Otabor 01/02/1996
16 PortugalPortugal Janio Bikel 06/28/1995
17th BrazilBrazil Henrique Roberto 08/23/1993
18th BulgariaBulgaria Martin Smolenski 03/08/2003
20th PortugalPortugal Tiago Rodrigues 01/29/1992
23 BulgariaBulgaria Mitko Mitkow 08/28/2000
29 BulgariaBulgaria Joan Baurenski 10/21/2001
09 ScotlandScotland Tony Watt 12/29/1993
10 BrazilBrazil Evandro 01/14/1997
22nd GambiaGambia Ali Sowe 06/14/1994


Well-known former players

National successes

  • Bulgarian champion (31): 1948, 1951, 1952, 1954, 1955, 1956, 1957, 1958, 1959, 1960, 1961, 1962, 1966, 1969, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1976, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1987, 1989, 1990, 1992, 1997, 2003, 2005, 2008
  • Bulgarian Cup Winner (20): 1951, 1954, 1955, 1961, 1965, 1969, 1972, 1973, 1974, 1983, 1985, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1993, 1997, 1999, 2006, 2011, 2016

Successes in the European Cup

season success details
European Champion Clubs' Cup / UEFA Champions League
1956/57 Quarter finals Eliminated against Red Star Belgrade 1: 3 in Belgrade, 2: 1 in Sofia
1966/67 Semifinals Eliminated against Inter Milan 1: 1 in Milan and Sofia, 0: 1 in the playoff in Bologna
1973/74 Quarter finals Eliminated against Bayern Munich 1: 4 in Munich, 2: 1 in Sofia
1980/81 Quarter finals Eliminated against Liverpool 1: 5 in Liverpool, 0: 1 in Sofia
1981/82 Semifinals Eliminated against Bayern Munich 4: 3 in Sofia, 0: 4 in Munich
1989/90 Quarter finals Eliminated against Olympique Marseille 0-1 in Sofia, 1-3 in Marseille
UEFA Cup Winners' Cup
1988/89 Semifinals Eliminated against Barcelona 2: 4 in Barcelona, ​​1: 2 in Sofia
UEFA Cup / UEFA Europa League
2005/06 Group stage last place
2009/10 Group stage last place
2010/11 Group stage last place

see also: CSKA Sofia / European Cup Statistics

Individual successes

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Stoichkov throws down at CSKA Sofia: Nur Lügen , Art. Sportal.de, July 8, 2013
  2. Bulgaria's record champions CSKA Sofia is bankrupt derstandard.at October 5, 2015
  3. ↑ List of cadres on the CSKA Sofia website