European Cup Winners' Cup (soccer)
European Cup Winner's
Cup Cup Winner's Cup
|abbreviation||Cup winners' cup,
|Teams||49 (at the last event)|
|Record winner||FC Barcelona (4 wins)|
|Record player||Ed de Goey (44)|
|Record scorer||Rob Rensenbrink (25)|
|season||Winner of the
European Cup Winners' Cup
|1964/65||West Ham United|
|1966/67||FC Bayern Munich|
|1968/69||ŠK Slovan Bratislava|
|1972/73||AC Milan (2)|
|1973/74||1. FC Magdeburg|
|1977/78||RSC Anderlecht (2)|
|1981/82||FC Barcelona (2)|
|1985/86||Dynamo Kiev (2)|
|1988/89||FC Barcelona (3)|
|1996/97||FC Barcelona (4)|
|1997/98||Chelsea FC (2)|
The European Cup Winners 'Cup ( also known as the Cup Winners' Cup in Austria and Switzerland ) was a European competition for football clubs organized by UEFA that was held between 1960 and 1999. The competition, in which the cup winners of the European countries determined the winner in the knockout system in two legs, was held for the first time in 1960/61 and was originally the second highest after the European Cup (UEFA Champions League since 1992) European football cup, even before the UEFA Cup , which was introduced in 1971 . From the 1971/72 season, the title holder qualified for the UEFA Super Cup . Since the competition had lost its reputation in the 1990s, the European Cup Winners' Cup was abolished as part of the reform of the European Cup and the UEFA Cup from the 1999/2000 season and merged with the UEFA Cup. The national cup winners now qualify for the UEFA Cup and, since the 2009/10 season, for the UEFA Europa League . However, since the introduction of the group stage in 2004/05 in the Europa League of Cup Winners, only a few associations have automatically qualified for the finals.
The President of SC Wacker Vienna , Alfred Frey , who at that time also assumed the position of ÖFB Vice-President, proposed to UEFA for the first time at a meeting on March 18, 1956, that such a competition should be held. Since he encountered strong resistance, he decided, together with the ÖFB and the Mitropapokalkommitee, to hold this competition himself. The European Cup Winners' Cup was born on February 13, 1960. After just one season, the tournament was taken over by UEFA and the first season with the winners, Fiorentina, was officially recognized.
In addition to the defending champion, participants were the respective national cup winners of Europe of the previous season. For the Federal Republic of Germany these were regularly the winners of the DFB Cup , for the GDR the FDGB Cup winners, for Austria the winners of the ÖFB Cup and for Switzerland the winners of the Swiss Cup . If a national cup winner was able to qualify for the European Cup Winners 'Cup (from 1991/92 UEFA Champions League ), the defeated cup finalist took the place in the European Cup Winners' Cup. The competition was held for the first time in the 1960/61 season and was abolished after the 1998/99 season because of the decreasing attractiveness for the public and the clubs . Since then, the national cup winners have been taking part in the UEFA Europa League (until the 2008/09 season under the name UEFA Cup), provided they are not already qualified for the Champions League.
A cup winner never managed to defend the title. With AC Florence (1962), Atlético Madrid (1963), AC Milan (1974), RSC Anderlecht (1977), Ajax Amsterdam (1988), AC Parma (1994), FC Arsenal (1995) and Paris Saint- Germain (1997) were at least eight clubs in the final again in the year after their title win.
With AC Florence (1961), Glasgow Rangers (1972), RSC Anderlecht (1978) and FC Barcelona (1997), the defeated cup finalist of the respective national association won the competition four times, since the actual cup winner was the champion of the European Cup had participated.
German clubs have won the cup five times. The first German title holder was Borussia Dortmund in 1966. This made Borussia Dortmund the first German club to win a European title. The other German winners were FC Bayern Munich (1967), 1. FC Magdeburg (1974, the only EP winner in the GDR), Hamburger SV (1977) and Werder Bremen (1992). Other German finalists were TSV 1860 Munich (1965), Hamburger SV (1968), Fortuna Düsseldorf (1979), FC Carl Zeiss Jena (1981), 1. FC Lokomotive Leipzig (1987, both GDR) and VfB Stuttgart (1998). Although Austria provided a finalist three times ( FK Austria Wien 1978 and SK Rapid Wien 1985 and 1996), an Austrian representative never won a title.
The German record participant is 1. FC Magdeburg, who competed seven times for the GDR DFV and played 36 games. FC Bayern Munich can point to the most EC appearances of all German teams, having played a total of 39 games in five starts.
There were a total of four different trophies, all of which are owned by UEFA and could not become the property of a club. The first trophy was only awarded in the first season, 1960/61. The appearance of the second trophy differed significantly from the successor versions. The third and fourth versions differed only in the type of base. The third variant (with a round wooden base) was awarded in the 1990s, but not in 1993. This was the only time that the fourth and last variant (which, in contrast to the third variant, had a metal base) was awarded to the AC Parma. In the last 1998/99 season, the third cup variant was awarded again.
In the history of the European Cup Winners' Cup, 32 different clubs have won the title. The most successful club in the competition is FC Barcelona with four wins and two other finals. In second place are RSC Anderlecht, AC Milan, FC Chelsea and Dynamo Kiev, four other clubs with two titles each and then 27 clubs with one win each. Anderlecht are the only team to have reached the final three times in a row and, besides Sampdoria Genoa, the only team to win the title after losing the final the following year. With Chelsea FC (2 wins), Arsenal FC , West Ham United and Tottenham Hotspur, London has the most title holders of all cities.
If you look at a country ranking, clubs from twelve countries were able to win the competition. The clubs from England lead this ranking with a total of eight successes, closely followed by the Italian and Spanish clubs with a total of seven titles each in second place. Germany is in fourth place with four successes for its clubs. The only European Cup victory for a club from the GDR was in 1974 in this competition, 1. FC Magdeburg with a 2-0 final victory over AC Milan. Between 1965 and 1968, Germany was the only association to nominate a finalist four times in a row.
Most goals in finals were scored by Kurt Hamrin and Rob Rensenbrink , who were able to score four goals each in three ( 1961 , 1962 and 1968 ) and two finals ( 1976 and 1978 ). Hamrin managed this for two different clubs ( AC Florence and AC Milan ). Also successful for two clubs was Hans Krankl , who in 1979 for FC Barcelona and in 1985 for SK Rapid Wien could score ever.
|Preliminary round / qual.||1964/65||Sparta Prague||10-0||Anorthosis Famagusta|
|1 round||1963/64||Sporting Lisbon||16: 1||APOEL Nicosia|
|2nd round *||1961/62||SC Motor Jena||7-0||CS Alliance Dudelange|
|1993/94||Arsenal FC||7-0||Standard Liege|
|Quarter finals||1960/61||Glasgow Rangers||8-0||Borussia Monchengladbach|
|Semifinals||1969/70||Manchester city||5: 1||FC Schalke 04|
|1982/83||Aberdeen FC||5: 1||KSV THOR Waterschei|
|Endgame||1962/63||Tottenham Hotspur||5: 1||Atlético Madrid|
|* 1961/62 - 1962/63, 1966/67 - 1998/99|
The most successful trainers
Four coaches won the competition twice, two of them with different clubs. Nereo Rocco with AC Milan (1968 and 1973), Valerij Lobanowskyj with Dynamo Kiev (1975 and 1986), Alex Ferguson with FC Aberdeen and Manchester United (1983 and 1991) and Johan Cruyff with Ajax Amsterdam and FC Barcelona (1987 and 1989).