1. FC Lokomotive Leipzig (1966)
|1. FC Lokomotive Leipzig|
|Full name||1. Lokomotive Leipzig football club|
|place||Leipzig , Saxony|
|Founded||20th January 1966|
|Dissolved||Renamed to VfB Leipzig in 1991|
|Club colors||Blue yellow|
|Stadion||Bruno Plache Stadium|
FDGB Cup winner :
1976, 1981, 1986, 1987
Finalist UEFA Cup Winners' Cup
The 1. FC Lokomotive Leipzig , just 1. FC Lok or Lok Leipzig was a football club from the Leipzig district Probstheida . It was founded on January 20, 1966 from the soccer department of SC Leipzig and is considered the successor to the three-time German champions VfB Leipzig . After reunification , the club was renamed VfB Leipzig . In the course of time, a football club became a multi-discipline club under this name.
In the 1970s and 1980s it was one of the most successful clubs in the GDR Oberliga and, with a total of 77 European Cup matches, was one of the most famous GDR football clubs in Europe. From the GDR only Dynamo Dresden and FC Carl Zeiss Jena played more international competitive games. 1987 Lok was in the final of the European Cup Winners' Cup .
1945–1966: On the way to founding
After the large club of the three-time German soccer champions VfB Leipzig, like all civil clubs, was dissolved and expropriated by the Soviet occupying forces , former VfB players founded the "SG Probstheida" on their old sports grounds (see also soccer in the GDR and ATV Leipzig 1845 ), a little later the association was called " BSG Erich Zeigner " and "BSG Einheit Ost". Under the latter name, the Probstheidaern succeeded in 1953 promotion to the GDR league .
To allow for targeted development of competitive sports, took place in 1954 at the decision of DTSB the establishment of district sports clubs (SC), the sections should act as power bases of different sports. In the Leipzig district, the associations BSG Chemie and BSG Einheit Ost were dissolved and their players were integrated into the soccer sections of the Rotation and Lokomotive sports clubs ( SC Rotation Leipzig and SC Lokomotive Leipzig ). Both club teams played in the GDR league and achieved several successes in the period that followed. The rotation footballers based in Probstheida (black trousers, white shirt) took third place twice in the GDR Oberliga (1955, 1957), while the SC Lokomotive team based in Leipzig-Gohlis (black trousers, red shirt) celebrated its biggest Successes in the FDGB cup competition (1957 victory, 1958 finals). In addition, more than 100,000 visitors who attended the local derby between Rotation and Lok (1: 2) on September 9, 1956, mean a German audience record for national football matches to this day. Internationally, from 1955, a Leipzig city selection formed from both teams played in the European Exhibition Cup .
In 1963 the SC Rotation and the SC Lokomotive were merged to form SC Leipzig in order to bring about a concentration of the Leipzig high-performance sport. The supposedly best performing footballers were taken over into the section of SC Leipzig (e.g. Henning Frenzel , Peter Gießner from SC Lok and Manfred Geisler , Wolfram Löwe from SC Rotation), while the remaining players lost their SC funding status and formed as BSG Chemie Leipzig another team from Leipzig. From then on, both teams were in a distinct rivalry, which was later continued in the mutual dislike of the two successor clubs 1. FC Lok Leipzig and FC Sachsen Leipzig .
At least in football, the GDR officials' plan to concentrate their performance only worked to a limited extent. In the very first year of its existence, “outsider” Chemie Leipzig won the championship in the 1963/64 season , while SC Leipzig “only” took third place. In the same year, the club footballers at least reached the FDGB Cup final, which was lost to SC Magdeburg 2: 3.
Another decision by officials from the end of 1965 provided for the formation of independent football clubs (FC) based on the sports club sections in order to create better framework conditions for promoting GDR football. In the city splices then the football section of the SC Leipzig was spun off and on 20th January 1966 in the 1. FC Lokomotive Leipzig converted.
1966–1970: The surprising descent and ascent
The founding meeting took place in Leipzig Central Station , which was no coincidence, as the sponsoring company of the new association was the Deutsche Reichsbahn . This supported the club financially and the players were formally employees of the company. The new soccer performance center in Leipzig was also built in Leipzig-Probstheida , where the 1. FC Lokomotive had its home. For this reason, many young and talented players played early for the club, which over the years repeatedly produced national players from the GDR (more than 20) and stars of GDR football . The Loksche , as the club is still called by its supporters today, was known for its strong counter-attack and, because of its unpredictability, was considered the sphinx of the GDR upper league (strong European cup games on Wednesday were often followed by weak upper league games on Saturday) and an absolute cup team. The game, which is characterized by counter-football, may be the reason for the moderate success in the championship.
In the first season after the name change (1965/66) they finished third. The following year they finished second, seven points behind FC Karl-Marx-Stadt , while Henning Frenzel was top scorer in the GDR league with 22 goals has been. Two years later they reached the "valley of tears" and had to go to the GDR league as bottom of the table - the only descent in the club's history. On the last day of the following season, there was a showdown for promotion against Wismut Gera in the Bruno-Plache-Stadion . 30,000 spectators saw the game, which meant a record crowd, and a hard-fought 1-0 victory for Loksche , which brought direct resurgence. After the promotion, 1. FC Lok landed in 10th place. In 1966, the club made the first international attention when he in the Fairs Cup, Benfica Lisbon to Eusebio was off in the third round.
1970–1980: The first two cup wins
The 1970s marked the time when the club made a name for itself as a cup team, both nationally and internationally. In 1970 he was in the first of a total of four cup finals in the 1970s, which they lost relatively clearly 2: 4 against FC Vorwärts Berlin (→ game dates for the 1970 FDGB Cup final ). After another lost cup final against 1. FC Magdeburg (→ match dates for the 1973 FDGB Cup final ), which won the Cup Winners' Cup in 1974, the time had finally come in 1976. About the BSG activist Schwarze Pumpe the FC Rot-Weiss Erfurt , FC Carl Zeiss Jena and Dynamo Dresden reached to the cup final against FC Forward Frankfurt / Oder . With goals from Frenzel and Roth they clearly won 3-0 and brought the first cup and big title to Probstheida (→ game dates for the 1976 FDGB Cup final ).
In 1977 Leipzig reached the final of the FDGB Cup again , but lost 3-2 to Dynamo Dresden (→ match dates for the 1977 FDGB Cup final ). Overall, the club reached the cup final four times and was eliminated once in the semifinals.
The Loksche first made a name for itself internationally when it made it to the semi-finals of the UEFA Cup in 1974 . She defeated teams like AC Turin , Wolverhampton Wanderers , Fortuna Düsseldorf and Ipswich Town , before failing at Tottenham Hotspur . Up until this point in time, the clubs from the GDR had little success against English teams. But the Loksche changed this, and just the encounter with three English clubs and the elimination of two brought 1. FC Lok a high reputation in England. The Daily Telegraph headlined : "Lok Leipzig has become a nightmare for English football", and what " La Stampa " wrote after the departure of AC Turin: "We will hear a lot more about this locomotive" came true . The club is still very well known in England today. 80,000 spectators came to the Zentralstadion to see the game against Fortuna Düsseldorf - and until then a club from the GDR had never been able to win against a team from the Federal Republic of Germany . Reaching the semi-finals can also be rated as the club's second greatest success.
In the national championship, on the other hand, Lok was often only in the middle of the field and the best results were 4th place in 1972/73, 1975/76 and 1977/78.
1980–1990: The desperate battle for a championship title
The 1980s were dominated by the BFC Dynamo , which partially dominated the GDR league from 1979. In addition to SG Dynamo Dresden, 1. FC Lok Leipzig established itself as the number one challenger to the GDR championship title. Between 1982 and 1988 alone, the trade fair townspeople stood on the podium six times, but always had to give way to the series winner from the capital.
At the end of the 1985/86 season , the 1. FC Lok team won their first runner-up title. However, this success was overshadowed by the incidents that had occurred at the home game against the old and new GDR champions from Berlin on March 22, 1986. In this, the Lok footballers led 1-0 for a long time until referee Bernd Stumpf awarded the Berliners a penalty in the fifth minute of stoppage time. An alleged foul by Hans Richter from Leipzig on his opponent Bernd Schulz as the cause of this decision could not be clearly recognized by outsiders even with the help of television images. In retrospect, this referee decision, which saved the Berliners from defeat, made for a political issue. Similar incidents in the past had already suggested to many observers that the longstanding dominance of the serial champion was not solely due to his athletic performance. Although this point loss was not decisive for the outcome of the championship - at the end of the season a few weeks later, 1. FC Lok Leipzig ranked behind the capital club with two points behind and a worse goal difference - this " shame penalty from Leipzig " sparked a wave of protests that had never been seen before against the alleged preferential treatment of the BFC Dynamo, which has been going on for years. As a result of this dispute, which, in addition to a high media presence, also continued up to the highest levels of politics, "causer" Bernd Stumpf was banned from being an arbitrator for life, despite his unproven guilt.
In 1988 the locomotive narrowly failed again in the championship. In contrast to the penultimate season, the Saxons had to admit defeat to BFC Dynamo this time only because of the poorer goal difference. This should also be the last medal for the Lok footballers, who could only place themselves in the midfield afterwards. Nevertheless, the 1980s were the most successful decade for 1. FC Lokomotive Leipzig. This was also reflected in the FDGB Cup, where the Probstheidaers emerged as winners in their three finals ( 1981 , 1986 , 1987 ). In addition, the trade fair town was able to advance to the semi-finals two more times (1980, 1988).
The football club also caused a stir internationally. If the Leipzig team failed only in the quarter-finals of the cup winners' competition in 1982 at the eventual winner FC Barcelona , Lok Leipzig overtook the first round of the UEFA Cup against Viking Stavanger (Norway) the following year . Also in the 1983/84 EC season , elimination in the first round of the UEFA Cup seemed a done deal when Leipzig met Girondins Bordeaux . Against the French team, whose squad included players like Jean Tigana , Patrick Battiston and Alain Giresse , the GDR representative surprisingly prevailed with two wins (3-2 in Bordeaux, 4-0 in Leipzig). After another victory over Werder Bremen, 1. FC Lok had to admit defeat to Sturm Graz in the third round .
After 1. FC Lok Leipzig was eliminated in the second round of the 1984/85 and 1985/86 UEFA Cup competitions against the teams from Spartak Moscow and AC Milan , the big one then beat the 1986/87 European Cup Winners' Cup Hour of the blue and yellow. After victories over Glentoran Belfast , SK Rapid Wien and FC Sion , the Lok team met Girondins Bordeaux again in the round of the last four. As four years before, the Leipzigers won the first leg in Bordeaux , with Uwe Bredow providing the only goal of the game. In the second leg in the sold-out Leipzig Central Stadium in front of officially 73,000 spectators - according to unofficial information, up to 120,000 spectators were present - Girondins Bordeaux was able to equalize the first leg result with an early goal. Since there were no more hits, the game had to be decided on penalties after a goalless extra time. The Leipzig goalkeeper René Müller became an icon of the locomotive fans when he showed strong nerves after a saved penalty and scored the decisive goal to the final score of 6: 5 for Leipzig. After 1. FC Magdeburg in 1974 and FC Carl Zeiss Jena in 1981, 1. FC Lokomotive was only the third GDR team to reach a final in the European Cup. This took place in Athens, where the men around Hans-Ulrich Thomale met Ajax Amsterdam . Against the Dutch, who were trained by Johan Cruyff , the Leipzig were clearly in the role of the outsider. In the end, as expected , the Loksche had to admit defeat to the team around Jan Wouters , Aron Winter , Frank Rijkaard , Dennis Bergkamp and Marco van Basten , who succeeded in the 21st minute with a header from van Basten. (→ Cup of the Cup Winners' Cup 1987 ). Despite the defeat, the Leipzigers earned a lot of recognition for their courageous appearance. Cruyff said after the game: “I wouldn't have believed that Lok Leipzig would put us under such pressure after the break. We are very happy with this narrow victory. "
A year later, Lok Leipzig started again in the European Cup Winners' Cup , but had to give up in the first round against Olympique Marseille . In the 1988/89 UEFA Cup , the Leipzigers reached at least the second round, but were defeated there by the eventual cup winner SSC Napoli , who had Diego Maradona in his ranks, probably the most popular footballer in the world at the time.
Towards the end of the 1980s, the footballers of 1. FC Lokomotive Leipzig only played a subordinate role in GDR football, and at the end of the season each occupied a place in the upper league midfield. Nevertheless, after the BFC Dynamo and Dynamo Dresden , Lok Leipzig is the club with the third best point yield of the 80s and also the highest-placed club in the Eternal Table (4th place) that never became champions.
1990–1991: last GDR league season and renaming
After the social upheaval in the GDR and the subsequent reunification , the GDR clubs were integrated into all-German sport. The 1990/91 season was the last season of the GDR Oberliga and served to qualify for the Bundesliga and the 2nd Bundesliga . A particularly explosive aspect from Leipzig's point of view was this season due to the newly founded promoter FC Sachsen Leipzig , which had emerged from the regularly promoted BSG Chemie Böhlen and the eternal Leipzig local rival BSG Chemie Leipzig . With Frank Baum , Dieter Kühn , Hans-Jörg Leitzke and the former GDR national goalkeeper René Müller, who signed on at the beginning of August 1990, four locomotive heroes from glorious European Cup times were in the ranks of FC Sachsen . In addition, Lok lost other top performers in Uwe Zötzsche (to Racing Strasbourg ), Heiko Scholz (to Dynamo Dresden ) and Olaf Marschall (to Admira / Wacker Vienna ). Nevertheless, 1. FC Lokomotive Leipzig under coach Gunter Böhme took seventh place in the middle of the field and secured participation in the qualifying round for the 2nd Bundesliga. In addition to long-term regulars, young players such as Jürgen Rische , Bernd Hobsch or Dirk Anders, who moved to Leipzig during the winter break, contributed to this . However, despite a 4: 1 win on the last day of the match over the already established league champion Hansa Rostock, Lok failed very closely to qualify for the 2nd Bundesliga. Equal on points with FC Carl Zeiss Jena, they only failed because of the poor goal difference. In the subsequent qualifying round, for which a new coach was specially hired in Jürgen Sundermann , the Loksche met Eisenhüttenstädter FC Stahl , the season winner of the GDR league season B FSV Zwickau and local rivals FC Sachsen Leipzig. With four wins and two goalless draws, the team qualified relatively confidently for the 2nd Bundesliga.
After the 1990/91 season, the club decided on 1 June 1991. in memory of the three-time German champions VfB Leipzig renamed VfB Leipzig , thus the club in the 1991/92 season did not occur more under the name 1. FC Lokomotive Leipzig on .
For the club history up to 2004 see
- GDR runner-up : 1967 , 1986 , 1988
- FDGB Cup winners : 1976, 1981, 1986, 1987
- FDGB Cup finalist : 1970, 1973, 1977
- Finalist in the European Cup Winners' Cup : 1987
- UEFA Cup semi-finalist : 1974
- International Football Cup Winner : 1966
Eternal table of the GDR league ranked 93
1. FC Lokomotive usually played its home games in the Bruno-Plache-Stadion .
Football has been played in what was then known as the Probstheida Stadium since the 1920s, and it has always been the home of VfB Leipzig and later 1. FC Lok. The only exception were the years 1992-1995, where due to the safety regulations of the DFB had to be played in the central stadium. The Bruno-Plache-Stadion is located in the Probstheida district of Leipzig , south of the Monument to the Battle of the Nations . The stadium officially holds 15,600 spectators today. Due to various safety regulations, however, it is currently only approved for 10,900 spectators (as of January 1, 2018). At the opening, 50,000 spectators came to the game between VfB Leipzig and SC Victoria Hamburg . The wooden grandstand, which was built in 1932 and is still in use today, has largely been preserved in its original state. It is thus an important historical example of a large wooden stand in German football stadiums of that time.
- Joachim Pfitzner, Jürgen Nöldner: 1. FC LOK LEIPZIG - A football club introduces itself . Sportverlag, Berlin 1987, ISBN 3-328-00179-4 .
- Thomas Franke, Veit Pätzug: From Athens to Althen. The Lok Leipzig fan scene between the European Cup and the district class . SDV Verlags GmbH, Dresden 2006, ISBN 3-9810516-5-3 .
- Thomas Franke, Marko Hofmann: nineteen87. The triumphal procession of 1. FC Lok Leipzig through Europe . Connewitzer Verlagbuchhandlung, Leipzig 2012, ISBN 978-3-937799-67-4 .
- Thomas Franke, Marko Hofmann, Matthias Löffler: 50 years of 1. FC Lokomotive Leipzig - the chronicle in pictures . MMT Verlag, Leipzig 2016, ISBN 978-3-00-051398-5 .
- Thomas Franke, Marko Hofmann, Matthias Löffler: 125 years. From VfB to 1. FC Lokomotive Leipzig: The story of the first German champion . MMT Verlag, Leipzig 2019, ISBN 978-3-00-060937-4 .
- Hans-Werner Stadie, Steffen Reichert: A Century VfB Leipzig . Leipzig 1993.
- Christian Wolter: battles goals emotions - the Bruno-Plache-Stadion in Leipzig-Probstheida . OM-Verlag Leipzig, Leipzig 2008, ISBN 978-3-9812022-0-5 .
- Freundeskreis Probstheida: 1. FC Lokomotive Leipzig , Berlin 2016, ISBN 978-3-944068-48-0 (= Library of German Football , Volume 5)
Individual evidence / explanations
- Overview of the 1969/70 season on rsssf.com .
- Overview of the 1972/73 season on rsssf.com
- Overview of the 1975/76 season on rsssf.com
- Overview of the 1973/74 UEFA Cup season on rsssf.com
- Hans-Werner Stadie, Steffen Reichert: A century VfB Leipzig. Axel Springer, Hamburg 1993. p. 108
- www.zeit.de The shameful penalty kick from Leipzig: In 2000, Bernd Stumpf presented a video on the MDR show Sport im Osten, which was recorded by the BFC for training purposes and which confirmed the correctness of his decision
- Details of the game on rsssf.com
- Hans-Werner Stadie, Steffen Reichert: A century VfB Leipzig. Axel Springer, Hamburg 1993. p. 111