|Surname||OAO Futbolni Klub Spartak-Moskva|
|Seat||Moscow , Russia|
|owner||Wagit Alekperow , Leonid Fedun|
|First soccer team|
|Head coach||Domenico Tedesco|
Spartak Moscow ( Russian Спартак Москва , Spartak Moskwa , scientific transliteration Spartak Moskva , full name in Russian ОАО Футбольный клуб "Спартак-Москва" ) is a Russian football club from the capital Moscow , OAO Futbolni Club Spartak . Today's club emerged from the Soviet sports club Spartak Moscow. With 12 Soviet and ten Russian championships, the club is one of the most successful clubs in the country. Thus Spartak is the record champion in Russia. In addition to soccer , the HK Spartak Moscow ice hockey department is also internationally known. The club colors are red and white. The legal form of the football team is that of an open joint stock company ( OAO / Otkrytoje Akzionernoje Obschtschestwo ). According to a survey, Spartak Moscow is just about the most popular football team in Russia. That is why one of their nicknames is "the people's team".
Spartak Moscow was founded in 1922 as MKS ( Russian Московский кружок спорта Краснопресненского района / Moskowski kruschok sporta Krasnopresnenskowo rajona ) by Nikolai Starostin . The soccer team played in the stadium of the Presnensky or Presnja district and soon renamed itself Krasnaya Presnja ( Russian Красная Пресня / Red Presnja ) after the district .
In 1936 the association was looking for a new name. Starostin suggested the name Spartak , which met with the general approval of those involved. There are different versions of the origin of this name: according to one version, Starostin came up with this idea while reading a book about the slave leader Spartacus , according to another version, the name is said to be due to a game that took place in 1927 against a German workers' team, which after the Spartacus League was named.
When the Soviet Football League was founded in 1936, Spartak was the second team ever to win this competition. Until 1960, Soviet football was dominated by Moscow teams, which included Spartak. The team was one of the top teams in the league throughout the existence of the Soviet Union.
Spartak Moscow is twelve-time Soviet champion and was only surpassed by the Ukrainian club Dynamo Kiev , which is the record holder with thirteen championships won. Spartak Moscow is also the record winner in the Soviet Football Cup, which has been won ten times. In the all-time table of the Soviet league, Spartak occupies first place with 2,483 goals and 722 games won.
1992–2003: serial champion
After the collapse of the Soviet Union, FK Spartak Moscow was one of the founding members of the newly created Russian Supreme League and immediately established itself as a top Russian club. The first edition of the Russian league in 1992 was won. Also in 1992 Spartak became the last winner of the Soviet Football Cup, with rival CSKA Moscow being defeated 2-0 in the final. In 1993 the championship title was defended in the Russian league. At European level, Spartak made it to the semi-finals of the 1992/93 European Cup Winners' Cup . In 1994 the first double was achieved when the third national championship title in a row and the first win of the cup were celebrated. An impressive winning streak followed when a total of six domestic league games were won from 1996 to 2001. In 1998 the next double was fought, with ZSKA again being defeated on penalties in the final. In the 1997/98 UEFA Cup , Spartak made it to the semi-finals of the competition, where they were defeated by the eventual winners Inter Milan .
Spartak became Russian record champions with nine championships won at the time. There are also three wins of the Russian Cup in 1994, 1998 and 2003. Of the first ten seasons of the Russian Premier League after the end of the Soviet Union (from 1992), Spartak was only able to fail in one ( 1995 only third place) and dominated the domestic league at will. The team ranks first in the all-time table of the Russian Premier League by a large margin. Spartak achieved eight league titles and four cup wins with head coach Oleg Romanzew , who had already taken over the coaching post in 1989. From 1993 he was also president of the association.
After 2001 this impressive winning streak was interrupted. The club drifted into mediocrity in Russian football. Spartak finished the following season in 2002 as third. In the 2002/03 UEFA Champions League group stage , all six games were lost by 1:18 goals. In the 2003 season , Spartak was only tenth. On June 15, 2003 Spartak won the final of the Russian Cup in the capital's Lokomotive Stadium with 1-0 against FK Rostov . A short time later, long-time coach Oleg Romanzew was dismissed from his post after persistent unsuccessfulness after he had previously lost the presidency. Andrei Tschernyschow became the new coach .
The new owner and president was the Russian billionaire Leonid Fedun , who had acquired 90% of the shares from Andrei Tscherwitschenko for 70 million US dollars . Thanks to the considerable financial resources of the new main sponsor Lukoil , whose vice-president is Leonid Fedun, the club was able to improve the quality of the team. After the eighth place in the table in 2004 Spartak played in the seasons 2005 and 2006 again for the championship and was each runner-up.
Spartak had qualified for the second qualifying round of the 2006/07 UEFA Champions League by winning the runner-up in 2005 . The team progressed against Sheriff Tiraspol due to the away goals rule . In the third qualifying round Slovan Liberec was defeated. After the group stage, Spartak finished third behind Bayern Munich and Inter Milan and qualified for the round of 32 in the UEFA Cup , but were eliminated there against Spanish representatives Celta Vigo .
In the third qualifying round for the 2007/08 UEFA Champions League , Spartak were only eliminated from Celtic Glasgow on penalties. Thus, the team from Moscow continued to play in the first round of the 2007/08 UEFA Cup . There the opponent BK Häcken was outclassed with an overall result of 8: 1. In Group E with Bayer 04 Leverkusen , FC Zurich , Sparta Prague and FC Toulouse they finished second. In the sixteenth final came against Olympique Marseille .
In June 2007, the former Russian national goalkeeper Stanislaw Tschertschessow was signed as a coach. Under his leadership, Spartak was runner-up in 2007 for the third time in a row. On July 12, 2008, the team conceded a bitter 5-1 defeat against CSKA Moscow in the domestic league . On August 13, 2008, Spartak experienced a 4-1 debacle against Dynamo Kiev in front of their own audience in the third qualifying round of the 2008/09 UEFA Champions League . As a result, the trainer Stanislaw Tschertschessow had to take his hat on August 14, 2008. Then Spartak and interim coach Igor Ledjachow also lost the away game against Dynamo Kiev 4-1 and took part in the first round of the 2008/09 UEFA Cup against Baník Ostrava (1-0 and 1-1). In Group D they then played against Udinese Calcio , Tottenham Hotspur , NEC Nijmegen and Dinamo Zagreb and were eliminated from the competition as fourth . Towards the end of the disappointing 2008 season , when Spartak Moscow only reached eighth place, the Dane Michael Laudrup was hired as the new head coach in September 2008 , but he was released on April 15, 2009. The new coach was Spartak's general manager Valery Karpin . With him, the team was able to occupy second place in the table again in the 2009 season . As a result, Spartak took part directly in the group stage of the 2010/11 UEFA Champions League . In Group F, the opponents were Chelsea , Olympique Marseille and MŠK Žilina . As third in the group, they continued to play in the 2010/11 UEFA Europa League. In the Round of which was FC Basel overcome in the second round Ajax Amsterdam . In the quarter-finals Spartak had to admit defeat to FC Porto .
In the 2010 season , the fourth place in the table was reached. Thus, Spartak took part in qualifying for the 2011/12 UEFA Europa League , where they were eliminated in the play-off round against Polish representatives Legia Warsaw after 2-2 and 2-3. In the 2012/13 season , Spartak Moscow made it into the group stage of the UEFA Champions League as Russian runners-up in the 2011/12 season . In the play-off round, after a 2-1 home win against Turkish runners-up Fenerbahçe Istanbul in the away second leg, a 1-1 draw was enough . Together with FC Barcelona , Benfica Lisbon and Celtic Glasgow , Spartak Moscow was drawn into Group G of the competition. With only one win and five defeats, the team was eliminated from the tournament as bottom of the table after six games.
In June 2012, Unai Emery was signed as the new head coach. At the end of November 2012, however, after the 5-1 defeat by Dynamo Moscow , dismissed due to unsuccessfulness. Then Valeri Karpin took over the post of head coach again, initially temporarily, later permanently. In the Premjer-Liga 2012/13 the fourth place in the table was occupied, which entitled to participate in the qualification for the UEFA Europa League 2013/14 , where they, however, against FC St. Gallen after 1: 1 and 2: 4 in the Play- eliminated off-round. Due to the sixth place in the table in the 2013/14 season , the start authorization for participation in the European cup competitions was missed. On March 18, 2014, Valery Karpin was given leave of absence after a series of defeats. As a result, the Swiss Murat Yakın was entrusted with the post of head coach at Spartak for the 2014/15 season . In May 2015, the club announced that it would be parting with Murat Yakın with immediate effect, as only sixth place in the table could be reached and the club was again denied an appearance on the European stage. In June 2015, the Russian Dmitri Alenitschew , who played a total of 143 league games for the club, took over as head coach at Spartak.
In the Premjer-Liga 2015/16 Spartak finished fifth in the final table. The club was thus entitled to enter the battle for the 2016/17 UEFA Europa League in the third qualifying round , where they met AEK Larnaka and were defeated by the Cypriot team after a draw and subsequent home defeat. Immediately after this departure, Dmitri Alenitschew left the club.
On August 17, 2016, the Italian Massimo Carrera took over the position of head coach. Under the direction of the new head coach, the drought that had been going on since 2001 came to an end. Three game days before the end of the 2016/17 season , the long-awaited tenth Russian championship title was certain. As a result, Spartak took part in the group stage of the 2017/18 UEFA Champions League . In Group E Moscow met Sevilla FC , Liverpool FC and NK Maribor . Third in the group, they missed the round of 16 in this competition, but qualified for participation in the 2017/18 UEFA Europa League. In the Round of which was Athletic Bilbao be drawn. After a 3-1 home defeat, a 2-1 away win could still be achieved, but Spartak was eliminated in the final accounts.
Until the end of the 2012/2013 season, the football department of Spartak Moscow played its home games in the Luzhniki Olympic Stadium , which was built in 1956 and holds 84,864 spectators . Spartak Moscow never had its own stadium and in its history has always had to switch to the stadiums of other Moscow clubs.
At the end of 2006, the construction of a new, dedicated football stadium without a running track was approved. The object, which was designed by ar.te.plan architects from Dortmund, was to be built on a part of the former Tuschino airfield near Moscow. Although the spectator capacity fell to around 42,000 compared to the Luzhniki Olympic Stadium, the club now has one of the most modern stadiums in the world. Another important reason for the new building, especially for the Spartak fans, was that the Luzhniki Stadium was owned by local rivals Torpedo Moscow . Since the Luzhniki Stadium was not available for the 2013/2014 season due to renovation work in preparation for the World Cup, an agreement was reached with Lokomotiv Moscow on the use of their stadium. The commissioning of the own stadium was already planned for 2009, but was postponed initially to 2010 as a result of the global economic crisis, most recently to July 24, 2014. Finally, on September 5, 2014, Spartak's new venue was inaugurated with a friendly match against Red Star Belgrade (1-1) in front of 37,734 spectators .
The main sponsor of the association is the largest Russian mineral oil company Lukoil .
- Cup winners:
- Semi-finalist European Cup : 1990/91
- Semi-finalist European Cup Winners' Cup : 1992/93
- UEFA Cup semi-finalist : 1997/98
- CIS Cup winners (6 ×): 1993, 1994, 1995, 1999, 2000, 2001
Record goal scorers
From 1949 to 1959, Nikita Simonyan scored 133 goals. No player has scored more goals for Spartak Moscow.
|space||Name of the player||Gates||Period|
Note : Only league hits were counted. Goals in national and international cup competitions were not included. Status: end of the 2014/15 season.
In 1993, Fyodor Cherenkov set 398 games for Spartak Moscow, the record for the most league games in Spartak's dress.
|space||Name of the player||Calls||Period|
Note : Only league games were counted. Games in national and international cup competitions were not included. Status: end of the 2014/15 season.
Current squad for the 2019/20 season
|No.||Nat.||Surname||Birthday (age)||In the team since||Last club|
|32||Artyom Rebrov||4th Mar 1984 (36)||2011||Shinnik Yaroslavl|
|57||Alexander Selichow||Apr 7, 1994 (26)||2017||Amkar Perm|
|98||Alexander Maximenko||19 Mar 1998 (22)||2018||own youth|
|2||Samuel Gigot||Oct 12, 1993 (26)||2018||KAA Gent|
|6th||Ayrton||June 19, 1997 (23)||2019||Fluminense Rio de Janeiro|
|14th||Georgi Djikia||Nov 21, 1993 (26)||2017||Amkar Perm|
|17th||Georgi Tigiev||May 26, 1995 (25)||2017||Anzhi Makhachkala|
|18th||Ilya Kutepov||July 29, 1993 (27)||2012||Akademija Tolyatti|
|38||Andrei Yeshchenko||Feb 9, 1984 (36)||2016||Anzhi Makhachkala|
|7th||Ayaz Guliev||Nov 27, 1996 (23)||2019||FK Rostov|
|8th||Guus Til||22 Dec 1997 (22)||2019||AZ Alkmaar|
|9||Resiuan Mirsow||June 22, 1993 (27)||2019||FK Rostov|
|10||Selimkhan Bakayev||July 1, 1996 (24)||2019||own youth|
|25th||Lorenzo Melgarejo||Aug 10, 1990 (30)||2016||FK Kuban Krasnodar|
|33||Alex Král||May 19, 1998 (22)||2019||Slavia Prague|
|37||Georgi Melkadze||Apr 4, 1997 (23)||2014||own youth|
|47||Roman Sobnin||Feb 11, 1994 (26)||2016||FK Dynamo Moscow|
|52||Igor Leontiev||18 Mar 1994 (26)||2013||own youth|
|19th||Ezequiel Ponce||29 Mar 1997 (23)||2019||AS Roma|
|23||Jordan Larsson||June 20, 1997 (23)||2019||IFK Norrköping|
|69||Denis Davydov||22 Mar 1995 (25)||2013||own youth|
|-||Alexander Kokorin||19 Mar 1991 (29)||2020||Zenit St. Petersburg|
|Status: August 2019|
Current coaching staff
- Trainer - Domenico Tedesco
- Assistant trainer - Andreas Hinkel
- Assistant coach - Oleg Samatov
- Goalkeeping coach - Max Urwantschky
Spartak Moscow II is also a professional team and has been playing in the second-rate Perwenstwo FNL since 2015 . Until then, the team always played in the third division . Again and again, players from the second team made the leap into the squad of the professional team, and later became regular players and national players there.
- Ice hockey : HK Spartak Moscow
- Futsal : MFK Spartak Moscow
- Handball : GK Spartak Moscow
- Rugby : Spartak-GM Moscow
- Floorball : FBC Spartak Moscow
- E-Sports : Spartak Esports
- Robert Edelman : Spartak Moscow. A History of the People's Team in the Workers' State. Ithaca 2009. ISBN 978-0-8014-4742-6 .
- James Riordan : The Strange Story of Nikolai Starostin, Football and Lavrentii Beria - Soviet Sports Personality and Soviet Chief of Intelligence . In: Europe-Asia Studies , July 1994, findarticles.com
- Jonathan Wilson: Behind the Curtain. Travels In Eastern European Football . Orion, London 2006 ISBN 978-0-7528-7945-1
- Official website of the football department (Russian, English)
- The Red-White INFOrmation History and statistics FC Spartak Moscow (Russian, English)
- Wilson, p. 283
- Riordan, p. 1
- lenta.ru: Московский "Спартак" выиграл Кубок России Article from June 15, 2003 (Russian)
- lenta.ru: Вместо Олега Романцева "Спартак" будет тренировать Андрей Чернышов Article of June 17, 2003 (Russian)
- forexman.info: Русские олигархи. Леонид Федун и его финансовая империя ( Memento from August 23, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) (Russian)
- fanat1k.ru: СТАНИСЛАВ ЧЕРЧЕСОВ НАЗНАЧЕН ГЛАВНЫМ ТРЕНЕРОМ «СПАРТАКА» article from June 19, 2007 (Russian)
- newsru.com: Уволен главный тренер "Спартака" Станислав Черчесов Article of August 14, 2008 (Russian)
- Laudrup signs with Spartak. kicker.de, September 12, 2008, accessed on September 18, 2008 .
- gazeta.ru: Карпин станет главным article from November 30, 2009 (Russian)
- ligablatt.de: Fenerbahce after 1: 1 against Spartak out of the Champions League article from August 29, 2012
- kicker.de: Emery joins Spartak
- kicker.de: Dynamo shoots Emery out of office
- championat.com: "Спартак" объявил о назначении Карпина исполняющим обязанности главного тренера Article from November 26, 2012 (Russian)
- eurosport.ru: Валерий Карпин останется на посту главного тренера «Спартака» Article of December 11, 2012 (Russian)
- gazeta.ru: “Спартак” вылетел из Лиги Европы, проиграв “Санкт-Галлену” article from August 29, 2013 (Russian)
- МУРАТ ЯКИН - НОВЫЙ ГЛАВНЫЙ ТРЕНЕР «СПАРТАКА»
- «СПАРТАК» И ЯКИН РАСТОРГАЮТ ОТНОШЕНИЯ ПО ОБОЮДНОМУ СОГЛАСИЮ
- Аленичев официально возглавил "Спартак"
- ДМИТРИЙ АЛЕНИЧЕВ ПОКИДАЕТ «СПАРТАК»
- Каррера утвержден главным тренером «Спартака»
- sport1.de: Tasci with Spartak Moscow Master Article from May 7, 2017
- sport.rbc.ru: Л.Федун: Карпин пять лет тренирует, пора уже добиться успеха Article of November 22, 2013
- Finally at home - Spartak Moscow inaugurates its new stadium , article from September 7, 2014