Futsal is the version of indoor football recognized by the world football association FIFA . The name is derived from the Portuguese term futebol de salão and the Spanish fútbol sala ('indoor football'). "Futsal" is currently relatively little known in German-speaking countries and is often equated with "indoor soccer"; but this is only the generic term for all forms of indoor soccer , while futsal is an internationally recognized variant.
Futsal has its origins in South America. In 1930, the Uruguayan sports teacher Juan Carlos Ceriani set himself the goal of developing an age-appropriate form of football for children. Children of different ages and regardless of their individual technical abilities should be able to play and have fun together. As early as 1942, the South American Sports Teachers Association recommended futsal for school sport.
In 1952 the first official institution, the league " Futebol de Salão ", was founded in São Paulo . In 1989, Futsal was adopted by FIFA as an additional competition and as an official international indoor soccer variant. In November 2012, the seventh Futsal World Cup was held in Thailand .
Futsal is particularly widespread in South America, and Southern and Eastern Europe. Spain has its own professional league with 16 teams, the División de Honor . In European club futsal, a national championship, the UEFA Futsal Cup, has been held by UEFA since the 2001/02 season . This was won eight times by Spanish teams by 2017, followed by three successes by Russian teams.
Futsal differs from other types of indoor football mainly in that the playing field is delimited by lines (handball field) and not by boards. It is generally played with five players on handball goals with a reduced-jump ball that has a circumference of at least 62 and a maximum of 64 cm (football 68 to 70 cm). The ball has relatively little pressure (0.6 to 0.9 bar overpressure compared to 0.6 to 1.1 bar for standard size 5 football). In addition, there is the requirement that in futsal the ball must bounce no less than 50 and no more than 65 cm from a height of 2 m after the first impact. In international competitions, the playing field measures 38–42 m × 20–25 m.
Changes can be made unlimited and on the fly within the team's own transition area, the throw-in is replaced by the kick-in, the playing time is twice 20 minutes. The penalty kick is taken from six meters away. Fouls are punished restrictively. Futsal is by no means disembodied, as it is often incorrectly described. The physical contact in one-on-one matches is as intense as in football. Experience has shown that players hold back by sanctioning with a direct free kick (accumulated foul). The team fouls are counted (similar to basketball ), but from the fifth team foul (each half) for each further foul there is a direct free kick without a wall, which can be moved to the ten-meter point. After a red card, the player concerned may be replaced by another player after two minutes have elapsed or after the opposing team has scored a goal. In addition, a stricter back pass rule applies in futsal: The goalkeeper may only touch the ball once and control it for a maximum of four seconds (this includes the throw). Thereafter, he may only touch the ball again if an opponent has had contact with the ball in the meantime or if the goalkeeper is in the opposing half. Similar to handball, the goalkeeper can be replaced by another field player. The return pass rule must still be observed. Each team can be given a one-minute time-out once per half, provided that they are in possession of the ball when the game is restarted.
In addition, futsal differs from classic indoor football through the "four-second rule". For balls at rest (as well as control of the ball by the goalkeeper with his hand or foot in his own half of the field), only four seconds are available for execution. If the allowed time is exceeded, possession of the ball changes to the opposing team. The time is indicated by the referee, who clearly counts the elapse of the four seconds with his fingers on the upward stretched arm.
Futsal games or tournaments are led by 2 to 4 referees, the first, second, third and fourth referee.
During the game, the first referee is on the sideline of the field on the side of the game or tournament committee. Its task is to enforce the futsal rules, to indicate the continuation of play and to impose disciplinary penalties. If the second referee makes a wrong decision, he can overrule him.
The second referee is on the sideline opposite the first referee during the game. Like the first referee, his / her task is to enforce the futsal rules, to notify the continuation of play and to impose disciplinary penalties.
In principle, signals displayed by one of the first two referees are taken over by the other of the two. This is to help the players not have to concentrate on just one referee. During the game, one of the first two referees is always behind the game, the other in front, so that the game always takes place between the two. The positions in front of or behind the game change in the game by kick-in, corner kick or throw. This also makes the game faster and more dynamic for the referees.
The third referee is on the side of the game or tournament management between the two transition areas of the teams. Its task is to supervise the exchange benches and to ensure that the exchange processes are carried out correctly.
The fourth referee is located directly at the game or tournament management. He takes on the task of timing and counts accumulated fouls. He can also be replaced by the tournament or game management.
International Championships (selection)
- For national teams
- Futsal World Cup
- Grand Prix de Futsal
- Futsal Mundialito
- European Futsal Championship
- African Futsal Championship
- Futsal Asian Cup
- Futsal CONCACAF Championship (Championship of North, Central America and the Caribbean)
- Oceania Futsal Championship
- Futsal South American Championship
- Campeonato Sudamericano Femenino de Futsal - South American Women's Championship
- Campeonato Sudamericano Sub-20 de Futsal - U20 South American Championship
- For club teams
- Futsal World Cup - Club teams
- UEFA Futsal Cup - club teams
- Mitropa Futsal Cup - club teams
- Torneo Sudamericano de Clubes de Futsal - South American Cup for club teams
- AFC Futsal Club Championship - Asian Cup for club teams
Futsal in Germany
The sport is largely unknown in German-speaking countries; For a long time it was only run privately. A first important futsal event in Germany was the Futcon Springtime Cup , which was held three times from 2003 to 2005. The UFC Münster won once and the 1. MSC Strandkaiser Krefeld won twice .
(Unofficial) German championships
The DFB Futsal Cup took place for the first time in April 2006 . The first winner of the DFB Futsal Cup was the UFC Münster , who defeated SVG Göttingen 07 3-1 after shooting from six meters. There is no uniform qualification mode for the tournament. In North Rhine-Westphalia , Hesse , Baden, Brandenburg, Berlin and Hamburg, the respective association champions who are ultimately qualified for the DFB Futsal Cup are determined in league modes. An official German futsal championship will be played for the first time from the 2015 season.
An official national futsal team was only founded by the DFB in Germany in early 2016. Previously, between 2010 and 2012, selected teams under the name DFB All-Stars played against other national futsal teams as part of the DFB Futsal Cup . In 2010 they lost 4-0 to Poland, in 2011 they lost 1:11 to Croatia and in 2012 they drew 4-4 against Denmark. In March 2015, the DFB held the first screening courses for the formation of a national team in Kamen-Kaiserau and Grünberg. On December 4, 2015, the DFB announced the establishment of a DFB national futsal team and stated that it was already participating in qualifying for the Futsal European Championship 2018 . The squad was put together in various viewing courses. After the final course from March 13 to 15, 2016 at the Hennef sports school, the first squad of the German national futsal team was named in April 2016, with whom the first international matches were played on October 30 and November 1, 2016. The English national futsal team was defeated 5: 3. The 16-strong squad took part in a joint training course with Georgia in Tbilisi in April 2016. Georgia won the two training games during the training camp 5-0 and 4-0. The European Championship finals took place in Ljubljana ( Slovenia ) in 2018 without German participation .
State selection tournament
From January 23 to 26, 2014, the first nationwide futsal national selection tournament was held in the Wedau sports school ( Duisburg ). For the first time, all 21 football associations presented a futsal selection, which was the first time that the tournament gave a general overview of the German futsal landscape. The winner was Hamburg, ahead of Schleswig-Holstein and Württemberg. Hamburg also won the second state selection tournament from January 15 to 18, 2015 in Duisburg. The third edition of this tournament took place from January 15 to 17, 2016 again in Duisburg. This time, Saxony won the title.
From 2021 there will be a futsal Bundesliga for the first time.
Futsal in Austria
Futsal is becoming increasingly popular in Austria. In the past few years, the Austrian champions were initially played out on the basis of individual tournaments. Later there were regional eliminations, also with a final tournament. Since the 2006/07 season there has been an Austrian futsal Bundesliga, the Murexin Bundesliga . Up until the 2016/17 season, the championship games were played in mini-tournaments. This means that the individual championship matches were brought together at one venue, so that each team played (mostly) two games per game day. In this mode, 2 × 20 minutes of gross playing time and the last five minutes of net playing time were played. From the 2017/18 season, the 1st and 2nd ÖFB Futsal League and the newly founded KFV Futsal League were switched to single games with the internationally usual playing time of 2 × 20 minutes net playing time.
The Austrian champions are entitled to qualify for the UEFA Futsal Cup. The Austrian cup winner ( tipp3-Futsal Cup ) plays at the UEFA Recopa Cup. The reigning champion is Stella Rossa tipp3. In addition to the championship and cup, there is also the Futsal Supercup (champions against cup winners) and the Futsal League Cup (between champions, runners-up, cup winners and champions of the 2nd ÖFB Futsal League). However, currently only the championship is an official competition of the ÖFB.
Austrian Bundesliga futsal clubs 2019/20:
- 1. FC Allstars Wiener Neustadt (Lower Austria)
- Fortuna Wiener Neustadt (Lower Austria)
- FC Diamant Linz (Upper Austria)
- Futsal Club Liberta Vienna (Vienna)
- Futsal Club GRZ (Styria)
- Stella Rossa tipp3 (Vienna)
- Futsal Klagenfurt (Carinthia)
- Futsal Komusina St. Lambrecht (Styria)
- SFV Uniqa St. Pölten (Lower Austria)
- youngCaritas Käfig League (Vienna)
- SC Vienna Waltz (Vienna)
- Polonia FC (Vienna)
The Austrian futsal competitions at a glance
|season||ÖFB Futsal Bundesliga *||ÖFB Futsal Cup *||Supercup||League Cup|
|2002/03||Olida Ceramic Vienna|
|2003/04||FC Best Putz Linz|
|2004/05||AKA St. Pölten U19|
|2006/07 *||Stella Rossa tip 3||1. FC Murexin Allstars Wr. Neustadt||1. FC Murexin Allstars Wr. Neustadt|
|2007/08||1. FSC Xion Graz||Stella Rossa tip 3||1. FSC Xion Graz||Stella Rossa tip 3|
|2008/09||1. FC Murexin Allstars Wr. Neustadt||Stella Rossa tip 3||1. FC Murexin Allstars Wr. Neustadt||Stella Rossa tip 3|
|2009/10||Stella Rossa tip 3||Stella Rossa tip 3||Stella Rossa tip 3||Stella Rossa tip 3|
|2010/11 *||Stella Rossa tip 3||Stella Rossa tip 3||Stella Rossa tip 3||Stella Rossa tip 3|
|2011/12||1. FC Murexin Allstars Wr. Neustadt||1. FC Murexin Allstars Wr. Neustadt||Stella Rossa tip 3||Vienna Calcio|
|2012/13||Stella Rossa tip 3||Stella Rossa tip 3||Cafe Hegelhof RB||Vienna Calcio|
|2013/14||Futsal Schwaz||Stella Rossa tip 3||Futsal Schwaz||Stella Rossa tip 3|
|2014/15||Stella Rossa tip 3||SC Kaiserebersdorf-Srbija 08||Stella Rossa tip 3||SC Kaiserebersdorf-Srbija 08|
|2015/16||SC Kaiserebersdorf-Srbija 08||SC Kaiserebersdorf-Srbija 08||SC Kaiserebersdorf-Srbija 08||SC Kaiserebersdorf-Srbija 08|
|2016/17||FC Diamant Linz||Futsal Club Liberta Vienna||Stella Rossa tip 3||FC Liberta Vienna (formerly Kaiserebersdorf-Srbija)|
|2017/18 *||1. FC Murexin Allstars Wr. Neustadt||FC Diamant Linz|
|2018/19||1. FC Murexin Allstars Wr. Neustadt||1. FC Murexin Allstars Wr. Neustadt||1. FC Murexin Allstars Wr. Neustadt|
|2019/20||1. FC Murexin Allstars Wr. Neustadt|
- From 2006/07, the Murexin Bundesliga was held as an official, nationwide competition and from the 2010/11 season under the auspices of the ÖFB. The cup, which had been held as an unofficial competition until then, was held for the first time by the ÖFB as the ÖFB Futsal Cup in 2018.
ÖFB Futsal Challenge
Since the 2016 season, futsal has not only been played over the winter months in Austria for the first time. The new competition of the ÖFB should represent the pioneer for a year-round championship as the official state championship. In the first year (2016) it will only be played until the end of May. In the ÖFB Futsal Challenge, only regular futsal club players are allowed to play and the playing time is 2 × 20 minutes net in the form of individual games instead of the mini-tournaments in the current championship.
Final table of the ÖFB Futsal Challenge 2017:
- Stella Rossa tipp3 (Vienna)
- 1. FC Futsal Innsbruck (Tyrol)
- Futsal Club Liberta Vienna (Vienna)
- FUTSAL Klagenfurt (Carinthia)
- SC Vienna Waltz (Vienna)
- 1. FC Allstars Wiener Neustadt (Lower Austria)
|season||ÖFB Futsal Challenge|
|2016||Stella Rossa tip 3|
|2017||Stella Rossa tip 3|
ÖFB national futsal team
On April 13, 2018, following a unanimous decision by the ÖFB Presidium, it was decided to set up a futsal national team.
Futsal in Switzerland
In Switzerland, an official championship was held for the first time in the 2006/07 season . Even if futsal is more of a marginal sport, it is enjoying increasing popularity.
- Futsal site of the DFB (including rules)
- FIFA positioning on futsal including rules of the game
- Futsal in Austria
- Austrian Futsal League
- Austrian Futsal Association
- Futsal in Poland
- cf. to the following section dfb.de, history ; Retrieved July 21, 2016.
- FIFA.com: FIFA Futsal World Cup 2012 - News - The football greats forged by futsal - FIFA.com. Retrieved April 18, 2020 (UK English).
- FIFA Futsal Rules. (PDF) In: dfb.de. German Football Association, accessed on July 21, 2016 .
- Implementation regulations for the game rules. (PDF) In: dfb.de. German Football Association, accessed on April 12, 2015 .
- Fourth title for Hamburg Panthers , Frankfurter Rundschau April 10, 2016, accessed on June 7, 2016.
- DFB founds national futsal team. In: dfb.de. German Football Association, December 4, 2015, accessed on July 22, 2016 .
- DFB-All-Stars against the Polish national futsal team. In: dfb.de. German Football Association, accessed on July 30, 2013 .
- Tim Noller: Futsal national team: Extended squad is up. In: fussball.de. German Football Association, accessed on February 28, 2016 .
- 43rd DFB Bundestag resolves to introduce a Futsal Bundesliga. Retrieved April 18, 2020 .
- ÖFB founds men's national futsal team. derStandard.at, accessed on April 23, 2018 .