|Union of European Football Associations|
|Founded||June 15, 1954 in Basel , Switzerland|
|Association headquarters||Nyon , Switzerland|
|Secretary General||Theodore Theodoridis|
|Members||55 national associations|
The Union of European Football Associations (officially French Union des Associations Européennes de Football [ ˈɥɛfa ]; German Union of European Football Associations [ uˈeːfa ]), or UEFA [ juːˈeɪfə ] for short , is the European football association . UEFA is a non-profit association within the meaning of Article 60 et seq. Of the Swiss Civil Code and is entered in the commercial register.
UEFA is one of the six continental confederations of the world football association FIFA and comprises 55 national football associations of individual countries and territories, which are not all within the geographical borders of Europe .
UEFA was founded in Basel on June 15, 1954, following discussions between associations from France , Belgium and Italy . According to the founding protocol, 25 out of 31 associations from Europe that were members of FIFA were present and 2 others ( Wales and Romania ) were represented. By the 1st UEFA Congress (from March 2, 1955 in Vienna ) the others had also joined, and Turkey was also to be admitted there.
|Surname||Term of office|
|Ebbe Schwartz (†)||June 22, 1954 - April 17, 1962|
|Gustav Wiederkehr (†)||April 17, 1962 - July 7, 1972|
|Sándor Barcs (†) (Interim)||July 7, 1972 - March 15, 1973|
|Artemio Franchi (†)||March 15, 1973 - August 12, 1983|
|Jacques Georges (†)||August 12, 1983 - April 19, 1990 *|
|Lennart Johansson (†)||April 19, 1990 - January 26, 2007 **|
|Michel Platini||January 26, 2007 - October 8, 2015 ***|
|Ángel María Villar (Interim)||October 9, 2015 - September 13, 2016|
|Aleksander Čeferin||September 14, 2016 - acting|
* From August 12, 1983 to June 26, 1984 as Interim President
** Honorary President since January 26, 2007
*** Suspended by the FIFA Ethics Committee for 90 days
on October 8, 2015 and for an initial period of eight on December 21, 2015 banned as a football official for four years in the last instance on May 9, 2016
The office of President was vacant from May 9 to September 14, 2016; the functions of President were exercised by Ángel María Villar as the highest-ranking Vice -President in accordance with the UEFA Statutes ; However, he was expressly not regarded as interim president by UEFA. The elected President Michel Platini resigned on May 9, 2016, after he was no longer allowed to exercise his office since October 8, 2015. Platini was elected UEFA President for the first time on January 26, 2007 with 27 votes to 23 (with 2 invalid) against incumbent President Lennart Johansson; Johansson is the first UEFA president to be voted out of office. In 2011 and 2015, Platini was confirmed in office.
On September 14, 2016, Aleksander Čeferin was elected as the new President of UEFA and confirmed in office on February 7, 2019 for a further four years.
The UEFA President is also automatically Vice-President of FIFA .
Secretary General and Administration
The UEFA General Secretary (also known as the CEO , from 1999 to 2007 he was the General Manager) is responsible for the day-to-day running of the business. The general secretary and the president of UEFA are supported in their work by the administration. The administration consists of the four areas of competitions, national associations, finance and marketing.
Head of the General Secretariat
- Secretary General: Theodore Theodoridis
- Deputy Secretary General: Giorgio Marchetti
- Director of Finance: Josef Koller
- Director of competitions: Giorgio Marchetti
- Head of the club competitions: Michael Heselschwerdt
- Head of national team competitions: Lance Kelly
List of UEFA general secretaries
|Surname||Term of office|
|Henri Delaunay (†)||June 22, 1954 - November 9, 1955|
|Pierre Delaunay (Interim)||November 10, 1955 - June 7, 1956|
|Pierre Delaunay||June 8, 1956 - December 31, 1959|
|Hans Bangerter||January 1, 1960 - December 31, 1988|
|Gerhard Aigner||January 1, 1989 - December 31, 2003|
|Lars-Christer Olsson||January 1, 2004 - January 31, 2007|
|Gianni Infantino (Interim)||February 1, 2007 - May 31, 2007|
|David Taylor (†)||June 1, 2007 - September 30, 2009|
|Gianni Infantino||October 1, 2009 - February 26, 2016|
|Theodore Theodoridis (Interim)||March 27, 2016 - September 13, 2016|
|Theodore Theodoridis||September 14, 2016 - acting|
The Executive Committee is UEFA's supervisory body. It consists of 17 members, the President and 16 other members, half of whom are elected every two years. The term of office of a member is therefore four years. Four vice-presidents and a treasurer are elected from the executive committee.
- Aleksander Čeferin (Slovenia)
- Vice President
- Andrea Agnelli (Italy)
- Zbigniew Boniek (Poland)
- John Delaney (Ireland)
- Ivan Gazidis (England)
- Sándor Csányi (Hungary)
- Florence Hardouin (France)
- David Gill (England), UEFA Treasurer
- Peter Gilliéron (Switzerland)
- Juan Luis Larrea Sarobe (Spain)
- Lars-Christer Olsson (Sweden)
- Michael van Praag (Netherlands)
- Borislav Mikhailov (Bulgaria)
- Davor Šuker (Croatia)
- Servet Yardımcı (Turkey)
- Professional Football Strategic Advisory Board: Chairman Michel Platini (France)
- Control and Disciplinary Chamber : Chairman Thomas Partl (Austria)
- Appointment Council: Chairman Pedro Tomás Marques (Spain)
- Disciplinary Inspectors: Chief Inspector Chris Georghiades (Cyprus)
- Club Financial Control Committee: Chairman Jean-Luc Dehaene (Belgium)
- Committee for National Associations: Chairman Şenes Erzik (Turkey)
- Finance Commission: Chairman Marios Lefkaritis (Cyprus)
- Referees Committee: Chairman Pierluigi Collina (Italy)
- National Team Competitions Committee: Chairman Hryhorij Surkis (Ukraine)
- Club Competitions Committee: Chairman Michael van Praag (Netherlands)
- Youth and Amateur Football Committee: Chairman Jim Boyce (Northern Ireland)
- Women's Football Committee: Chair Karen Espelund (Norway)
- Futsal and Beach Soccer Commission: Chairman Borislav Michajlow (Bulgaria)
- HatTrick Commission: Chairman Allan Hansen (Denmark)
- Development and Technical Assistance Commission: Chairman Giancarlo Abete (Italy)
- Club Licensing Committee: Chairman Avraham Luzon (Israel)
- Stadium and Security Committee: Chairman František Laurinec (Slovakia)
- Medical Commission: Chairman Michel D'Hooghe (Belgium)
- Players' Status, Transfer and Agents and Match Agents Committee: Chairman Geoff Thompson (England)
- Legal Affairs Committee: Chairman Theo Zwanziger (Germany)
- Marketing Advisory Commission: Chairman Sergei Fursenko (Russia)
- Media Commission: Chairman Vitaly Mutko (Russia)
- Fair Play and Social Responsibility Commission: Chairman Peter Gilliéron (Switzerland)
- Football Commission: Chairman Mircea Sandu (Romania)
- European members of the FIFA Executive Committee: Vice-Presidents: Jim Boyce (Northern Ireland), Michel Platini (France), Ángel María Villar (Spain); Members: Michel D'Hooghe (Belgium), Şenes Erzik (Turkey), Marios Lefkaritis (Cyprus), Witali Mutko (Russia), Theo Zwanziger (Germany)
- UEFA honorary members: Gerhard Aigner (Germany), Hans Bangerter (Switzerland), Egidius Braun (Germany), Des Casey (Ireland), Jean Fournet-Fayard (France), Vyacheslav Koloskow (Russia), Gerhard Mayer-Vorfelder † (Germany) , Antonio Matarrese (Italy), Joseph Mifsud (Malta), Per Ravn Omdal (Norway), Giangiorgio Spiess (Switzerland)
The media services UEFA are responsible for supporting the media. In addition, they produce all images from the stadiums and select their own images using a rough cut . At the 2016 European Championship , ARD and ZDF lodged a complaint with UEFA because the UEFA image control did not show pictures of a speedster and rioting during a game.
Current member associations
The UEFA currently has 55 national associations. The youngest member is Kosovo, whose association was recognized as a full member on May 3, 2016.
Of the 47 states in Europe, Monaco and Vatican City are not members of UEFA. Faroe Islands , Gibraltar and Kosovo are not independent states or not generally recognized, but represent national teams. The United Kingdom does not have its own team as, for historical reasons, its parts of England , Northern Ireland , Scotland and Wales each have their own national teams. With the addition of Gibraltar, the UK and overseas leagues now have 8 spots in the UEFA Champions League and 13 spots in the UEFA Europa League .
In 1992, the Yugoslav association Fudbalski savez Jugoslavije was excluded from UEFA competitions as a result of the Yugoslav wars and the UN sanctions imposed as a result . As a result, the athletically qualified team of Yugoslavia could not take part in the European Championship finals in 1992 . For them moved up the selection of Denmark , which should win the European Championship. In the 1995/96 season , Red Star Belgrade was the first Yugoslav club to take part in the UEFA Cup ; the senior national team of Yugoslavia started again in 1996 in qualifying for the 1998 World Cup .
On April 1, 2011, membership of the Bosnian-Herzegovinian Football Association in both organizations was suspended because it did not meet the membership requirements. The national team and all clubs of Bosnia and Herzegovina were therefore excluded from the international competitions of UEFA and FIFA until further notice . The suspension was lifted with immediate effect on May 28, 2011 (UEFA) and May 30, 2011 (FIFA).
Former member associations
The DFV of the German Democratic Republic was a member of UEFA from 1954 until its dissolution on November 20, 1990. Even before reunification, the GDR national team withdrew from all UEFA and FIFA events. The last game of a GDR national team took place on September 12, 1990 in Brussels. Host Belgium lost 2-0. For the last time, clubs qualified for the UEFA Cup from the GDR in 1991/92 , according to the five-year rating of 1989/90.
Since Czechoslovakia ( Československý fotbalový svaz ) split up in the course of the reforms of the Eastern bloc at the turn of the year 1992/93 in the Czech Republic and Slovakia , there is no longer a joint national team . The two new states have had their own associations since 1994. The Czechoslovak team started the qualifying round for the '94 World Cup in 1992 , the last games of the unsuccessful qualification were played in 1993 as a selection of the Czechs and Slovaks .
From 1954, the Federazija Futbola SSSR was a member of UEFA for the Soviet Union . The Soviet national team won the European Football Championship in 1960 and was twice Olympic champion ( 1956 and 1988 ). With the dissolution of the Soviet Union at the end of 1991, the membership of the Federazija Futbola SSSR in UEFA and FIFA ended; Most of the member associations of the successor states of the Soviet Union joined UEFA in their place ( the associations of Kyrgyzstan , Tajikistan , Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan are not members of UEFA, but of the Asian confederation AFC ; the association of Kazakhstan was initially a member of the AFC and switched to UEFA in 2002) . In the final round of the European Football Championship in 1992 , the former Soviet national team took part as the CIS .
Also from 1954 the association Fudbalski savez Jugoslavije was a member of UEFA for Yugoslavia . However, this association is actually not a former member, as today's Football Association of Serbia, Fudbalski savez Srbije , is the direct successor to UEFA and the successes achieved by the Yugoslav association or its clubs are attributed to the Serbian association (unlike, for example, with the Soviet Union and Russia). From 1992 to 1995, the Yugoslav association was banned from participating in UEFA competitions as a result of the breakup process of Yugoslavia, the Yugoslav wars and the resulting UN sanctions . From 2003 the association was called (analogous to the development of the state) Fudbalski savez Srbije i Crne Gore . After Montenegro left the state union of Serbia and Montenegro in 2006 and the founding of the Montenegrin football association Fudbalski savez Crne Gore , the association only includes Serbia and is accordingly called Fudbalski savez Srbije .
Possible candidate countries
Greenland ( team of Kalaallit Arsaattartut Kattuffiat ) is keen to become a member of UEFA. So far, applications have failed because there is no natural grass pitch on Greenland. However, in 2006 the passage that required the existence of a natural grass pitch was deleted.
However, the statutes expressly provide for exceptions. Article 5 (2) allows a UN- recognized state outside Europe to join UEFA if it is not already a member of another continental association. This is how Israel achieved its admission to UEFA, and the Asian successor states of the Soviet Union also belong to UEFA. For the associations of Scotland, England, Northern Ireland, Wales, Gibraltar and the Faroe Islands, Article 5 has been repealed (Article 69 (1)). The UEFA Congress has the option of making further exceptions if a request to this effect is supported by at least two thirds of the member associations.
The Kurdish national football association ( Kurdish football team ) has expressed its interest in joining UEFA, but has little prospect of success: On the one hand, the Autonomous Region of Kurdistan has not yet been recognized as a nation by the UN, and on the other hand, the national territory is not in Europe. This means that both requirements for membership under Article 5 (1) of the UEFA Statutes are not met.
The Vatican City has its own association ( Federazione Vaticanese Giuoco Calcio ), a football league and its own national team , but it refrains from joining FIFA and UEFA, as there are hardly enough players of Vatican nationality to regularly take part in tournaments can. In addition, there is not a single football field in the entire national territory.
The selection of Catalonia ( Federació Catalana de Futbol ) played their first international match in 1912. So far, admission to UEFA has been rejected on the grounds that Catalonia is an integral part of Spain .
UEFA hosts numerous competitions in which the national teams or club teams of its member associations take part. In addition, UEFA is organizing the qualifying round for the Europe zone for the World Cup . The competitions in detail:
For national teams
- European football championship
- European Women's Football Championship
- Nations League
- U-21 European Football Championship
- U-19 European Football Championship
- Women's U-19 European Football Championship
- U-17 football championship
- Women's U-17 European Football Championship
- European Futsal Championship
- European Women's Futsal Championship
- U-19 European Futsal Championship
- UEFA Regions' Cup (for regional selections)
For club teams
- UEFA Champions League (formerly European Champion Clubs' Cup)
- UEFA Europa League (formerly UEFA Cup)
- UEFA Europa Conference League (from 2021/22 season)
- UEFA Super Cup
- UEFA Women's Champions League (formerly UEFA Women's Cup)
- UEFA Youth League
- UEFA Futsal Champions League
- UEFA Amateur Cup (European Amateur Championship)
- UEFA-CAF Meridian Cup
- UEFA Cup Winners' Cup
- UEFA Intertoto Cup
- U-21 European Futsal Championship
World Cup participant
List of World Cup participants who qualified for the World Cup in the UEFA-hosted qualification for the European zone:
- 1930 - Belgium *, France *, Yugoslavia *, Romania *
- 1934 - Belgium, German Empire *, France, Italy * , Netherlands *, Austria *, Romania, Sweden *, Switzerland *, Spain *, Czechoslovakia *, Hungary *
- 1938 - Belgium, German Reich, France , Italy , the Netherlands, Norway *, Poland *, Romania, Sweden, Switzerland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary (Austria was also qualified, but no longer independent after the annexation to the German Reich )
- 1950 - England *, Italy, Yugoslavia, Sweden, Switzerland, Spain
- 1954 - Federal Republic of Germany * , England, Italy, Yugoslavia, Austria, Scotland *, Switzerland , Czechoslovakia, Turkey *, Hungary
- 1958 - Federal Republic of Germany, England, France, Yugoslavia, Northern Ireland *, Austria, Scotland, Sweden , Soviet Union *, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Wales *
- 1962 - Federal Republic of Germany, Bulgaria *, England, Italy, Yugoslavia, Switzerland, Soviet Union, Spain, Czechoslovakia, Hungary
- 1966 - Federal Republic of Germany, Bulgaria, England , France, Italy, Portugal *, Switzerland, Soviet Union, Spain, Hungary
- 1970 - Belgium, Federal Republic of Germany, Bulgaria, England, Italy, Romania, Sweden, Soviet Union, Czechoslovakia
- 1974 - Federal Republic of Germany , Bulgaria, GDR *, Italy, Yugoslavia, the Netherlands, Poland, Scotland, Sweden
- 1978 - Federal Republic of Germany, France, Italy, the Netherlands, Austria, Poland, Scotland, Sweden, Spain, Hungary
- 1982 - Belgium, Federal Republic of Germany, England, France, Italy , Yugoslavia, Northern Ireland, Austria, Poland, Scotland, Sweden, Soviet Union, Spain , Czechoslovakia, Hungary
- 1986 - Belgium, Federal Republic of Germany, Bulgaria, Denmark *, England, France, Italy, Northern Ireland, Poland, Portugal, Scotland, Soviet Union, Spain, Hungary
- 1990 - Belgium, Federal Republic of Germany , England, Ireland *, Italy , Yugoslavia, the Netherlands, Austria, Romania, Scotland, Sweden, Switzerland, Spain, Czechoslovakia
- 1994 - Belgium, Bulgaria, Germany, Greece *, Ireland, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Romania, Russia *, Sweden, Switzerland, Spain
- 1998 - Belgium, Federal Republic of Yugoslavia *, Bulgaria, Denmark, Germany, England, France , Italy, Croatia *, Netherlands, Norway, Austria, Romania, Scotland, Spain
- 2002 - Belgium, Denmark, Germany, England, France, Ireland, Italy, Croatia, Poland, Portugal, Russia, Sweden, Slovenia *, Spain, Turkey
- 2006 - Germany , England, France, Italy , Croatia, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Sweden, Switzerland, Serbia & Montenegro *, Spain, Czech Republic *, Ukraine *
- 2010 - Denmark, Germany, England, France, Greece, Italy, Netherlands, Portugal, Switzerland, Serbia *, Slovakia *, Slovenia, Spain
- 2014 - Belgium, Bosnia-Herzegovina *, Germany , England, France, Greece, Italy, Croatia, Netherlands, Portugal, Russia, Switzerland, Spain
- 2018 - Belgium, Denmark, Germany, England, France , Iceland *, Croatia, Poland, Portugal, Russia , Sweden, Switzerland, Serbia, Spain
- 1991 - Denmark *, Germany *, Italy *, Norway *, Sweden *
- 1995 - Denmark, Germany, England *, Norway , Sweden
- 1999 - Denmark, Germany, Italy, Norway, Russia *, Sweden
- 2003 - Germany , France *, Norway, Russia, Sweden
- 2007 - Denmark, Germany , England, Norway, Sweden
- 2011 - Germany , England, France, Norway, Sweden
- 2015 - Germany, England, France, Netherlands *, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland *, Spain *
- 2019 - Germany, England, France , Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Scotland *, Sweden, Spain
Notes: bold = world champion, italic = host, * = first-time participant
As part of World XI, UEFA organizes benefit games at irregular intervals with the European football team , against which the world football team has competed several times , most recently in 2005 and 2007.
The COVID-19 pandemic has hit the UK hard. The number of new infections has increased significantly since the end of May 2021 ; The cause of the increase is the COVID mutation B.1.617 . Similar observations are being made in many other countries as well. Prime Minister Boris Johnson extended the corona measures in the UK by one month in order to "save many thousands of lives".
The final of the 2021 European Football Championship (EM 2021) is currently planned in London. UEFA is threatening Great Britain to move the final of the 2021 European Championship to another country if the British government does not allow the final to take place in front of tens of thousands of spectators by way of an exceptional rule . The FAZ wrote in a comment:
- With that, [UEFA] is sticking to the irresponsibility with which it has already insisted that all matches be played in front of spectators, under tougher conditions. How serious UEFA really is with its commitment to the fight against Corona can be seen in the laxity with which hygiene measures - as in Munich - are handled and in their enthusiasm for the Superspreader event in Budapest. Either the UEFA leadership has not understood what has been happening in the world since spring 2020, or it is deliberately putting the well-being and even the lives of many people at risk out of self-interest.
Regarding the illumination of the Munich European Championship stadium in rainbow colors before the preliminary round match between Germany and Hungary on June 23, 2021, the Munich city council asked UEFA to illuminate the facade of the stadium during that match as a sign of diversity and tolerance, something that UEFA is supporting of the DFB refused. As a politically and religiously neutral organization, UEFA rejected the request, citing its statutes. This led to a nationwide wave of protests from almost all political parties, the Protestant Church, numerous companies and other football stadiums, which in turn have the stadiums illuminated in rainbow colors.
- According to the UEFA Statutes : UEFA means "Union des Associations Européennes de Football".
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- The competition also serves as a qualification for the FIFA Confederations Cup
- Currently, this competition also serves as a qualification for the Olympic soccer tournament every four years .
- Every two years the competition serves as a qualification for the U-20 soccer world championship .
- The competition serves every two years as a qualification for the U-20 World Cup .
- Every two years the tournament also serves as a qualification for the U-17 soccer world championship .
- The competition serves every two years as a qualification for the U-17 World Cup for women .
- Official homepage of World XI
- Reinhard Veser (FAZ June 21, 2021): UEFA without responsibility ( comment )
- tagesschau.de: UEFA: Stadium must not shine in rainbow colors. Retrieved June 22, 2021 .
- "Uefa's decision is shameful" , Süddeutsche Zeitung, June 23, 2021. Accessed June 23, 2021.
- Rainbow colors at EM 2021: Hungary's clubs want to illuminate stadiums in national colors , Frankfurter Rundschau, June 23, 2021. Accessed June 23, 2021.