Football World Cup
|Football World Cup|
|Full name||FIFA World Cup|
|Teams||32 (finals, since 1998)|
Round-robin tournament (8 groups of 4 teams each)
Knockout system (from the round of 16)
|Title holder||France (2nd title)|
|Record winner||Brazil (5 tracks)|
|Record player||Lothar Matthäus (25 games)|
|Record scorer||Miroslav Klose (16 goals)|
The men's soccer world championship is a competition for national teams . Every four years they can qualify for the finals of the World Cup. In a final four-week tournament, the best national team as world champions will be determined. The world football association FIFA organizes and markets the tournament under the official label FIFA World Cup or FIFA World Cup. The respective host country organizes the tournament. Measured by the number of TV viewers worldwide, this final tournament is the largest sporting event in the world and, along with the Olympic Games, is considered the most important sporting event in the world.
The time of organized football began in 1863 with the founding of the English Football Association in London , which, for the first time in history , set itself apart from rugby football in its rules for association football and, for example, forbade the controversial handball, which led to withdrawals led to the new association and the withdrawal of the treasurer. On January 9, 1864, the world's first football game based on the rules of the FA took place with selected players. At that time the British Empire was the most influential power in the world, it had bases around the world and British ships could be found in every port. This historical peculiarity was the basis for the worldwide spread of the English football rules within a generation. The first games outside of the British Isles were organized by British sailors in seaports, among other places.
During the late 19th century, many national associations were founded in Europe and America, which made it possible to organize international meetings for the first time. The first game between representatives of national associations took place on November 30, 1872 on Hamilton Crescent , in what is now the Partick district of Glasgow , between Scotland and England , the match ended goalless.
On May 1, 1904, the first international match between the national teams of Belgium and France took place in Uccle / Ukkel in Belgium (3: 3). It was suggested to found an international football organization. On 21 May 1904, then by Robert Guerin , secretary of the football department Union des Sociétés Françaises de Sports Athlétiques , and Carl Anton Wilhelm Hirschmann , secretary of the Nederlandse Voetbal Bond , in Paris the FIFA founded and thus a purely national thinking of the associations prevented. Nevertheless, it would take many decades before FIFA was able to assert itself against the supremacy of the English FA and before the American associations were able to exert a significant influence on the policies of FIFA, which were shaped by the European associations.
The second FIFA Congress took place in July 1905, and Vice-President Carl Anton Wilhelm Hirschmann proposed a world tournament. He had already created a game plan for this purely European event, and the country was to be Switzerland. The congress participants were enthusiastic, but many words were not followed by actions due to the lack of interest.
Up until the first soccer World Cup in Uruguay in 1930 , the Olympic tournaments had the status of a world championship. From the point of view of the Olympic officials, football was unsuitable for the Games, as it was not a competitive sport, but only a game, and they viewed this sport as a show performance. In 1896 football was not part of the Olympic program, and four years later in Paris only three club teams from France, Belgium and Great Britain were present for a demonstration competition. In 1904 in St. Louis , three North American teams competed against each other.
A stroke of luck for the future of international football was the award of the Games to London in 1908 . In the home country of football, one could expect professional organization from the FA. In addition, FIFA has now been led by the British Daniel Burley Woolfall . In addition to Great Britain, the associations from Denmark, Sweden and the Netherlands put on a team. France even sent two teams to the British capital. The winners were the English who defeated Denmark, the strongest team in continental Europe at the time , in the final. In 1912 , 11 teams took part in the Olympic football tournament. The final encounter was repeated, with a 4-2 the English were able to win the gold medal again.
In 1920 Antwerp was the center of the football world and 14 teams battled it out to win the Olympic Games. Belgium and Czechoslovakia faced each other in the final. During the game, the Czechoslovaks felt disadvantaged by the referee and left the field, Belgium was declared the winner. The 1924 Olympic Games became the first world football tournament. In addition to the Europeans, Egypt sent a team. There was also an American selection, which, however, largely consisted of European immigrants, as well as the team from Uruguay .
The unexpectedly superior performance of South American football four years earlier meant that many teams from South America were invited to guest appearances in Europe before the 1928 Olympic tournament . The Olympians had to be amateurs , which led to the cancellation of some important countries. It was becoming increasingly clear to FIFA that the IOC's amateur rule was a problem. That is why it decided on May 28, 1929 to organize an independent World Cup after FIFA President Jules Rimet and the Uruguayan patron Enrique Buero had been working towards it since 1924. In addition to Uruguay, some European countries also wanted to make this event possible. Their group quickly became smaller, and in the end only Italy, Hungary and Uruguay were left. The Argentine delegate Adrian Beccar Varela gave a speech for his neighboring country, which convinced the two European competitors. Thus, Montevideo was determined to host the first soccer world championship .
Set of rules
The official German spelling of the World Cup is FIFA World Cup . The spelling of the football component corresponds to the official German spelling rules (Section 25 E2, the world football association FIFA has its headquarters in Zurich , Switzerland ), but not the space after FIFA (see Section 44, Paragraph 1).
Award procedure for the venue
The FIFA Executive Committee decides on the location of the World Cup. In the event of a tie, the FIFA President's vote counts twice. Since 1958, all soccer world championships have been held alternately in Europe and another continent.
In 2000, FIFA decided on a so-called rotation process , according to which World Cups will be held alternately between the six continental associations from 2010 onwards. This procedure was abolished in 2007 by the Executive Committee. Only the continental associations in which the last two World Championships took place are excluded. For the 2018 World Cup , this meant that countries were excluded from the African Football Association and the South American Football Association as hosts. On December 19, 2008, the FIFA Executive Committee decided at its meeting in Tokyo to award the 2018 World Cup and the 2022 World Cup at the same time. With the FIFA Statutes in force since 2016, the only restriction is not to award a World Cup to members of the same confederation twice in a row.
In order to be able to participate in the final round of the World Cup, the teams usually have to prevail in the qualifying round. Only the host country is automatically entitled to start in the final round. In the finals from 1938 up to and including 2002, both the host country and the reigning world champion were automatically qualified.
The qualification will take place within the individual continental associations . Each continental federation is entitled to a fixed number of final round participants, although there are also “half” starting places that have to prevail in an intercontinental relegation.
The mode in the qualifying tournaments differs from continent to continent. In the South American zone, all ten national teams play in one group. The four best teams in the group are qualified for the finals, while the fifth-placed national team plays for another starting place in relegation games against a North American representative. In the other continental associations, the participants are also determined in group games or in the knockout system .
The qualified teams play with the previously determined host country in a four-week competition for the title of world champion, which is awarded every four years. The mode of the finals has changed several times throughout history. Previous modes are described below. The currently valid mode has been in use since 1998.
In the first tournament phase (group phase), the teams are randomly divided into several groups of four teams each, with some teams being selected according to certain criteria (hosts, world champions, FIFA rankings) and the other teams being drawn from predominantly regionally oriented pots. This is to prevent the tournament favorites from clashing in the group stage or a group consisting only of national teams from one continent .
Each team has to play three games against their group opponents in the group stage. As is the global standard in football, a win earns three points (since 1994, previously two), a draw one point and a defeat no point. The last two teams in each group are eliminated after the three games in the group stage. If two or more teams are tied, the ranking in the group will be determined as follows in accordance with Art. 42 (5) of the FIFA Rules for the 2014 World Cup: The first criterion is the goal difference from all group matches. If this is the same, the higher number of goals scored in all group matches counts. If two or more teams agree on all of these criteria, the direct comparison of these teams (again in the order of points, goal difference and number of goals scored from the games between these teams) and ultimately the lot will decide .
In the coming rounds the knockout system applies , i.e. H. only the winner goes to the next round. If there is a tie at the end of the regular 90-minute playing time, the game goes into overtime . In the meantime, the golden goal rule applied to the decision in extra time . Since the 2006 World Cup, extra time has taken place again in the classic form: After a break of five minutes, the game is played twice for 15 minutes without another break (only with a change of sides). The team that scores more goals in extra time wins. If there is still no winner after extra time, a penalty shoot-out decides .
After half of the teams were eliminated in the group stage, there are 16 teams left to fight for progress in the round of 16 games. Each group leader plays against the group runner-up from another group. The winners of the round of 16 play one of four games known as the quarter-finals. The four winners of these games are allowed to move into one of two semi-finals.
The two losers of the semi-finals contest the game for third place in the World Cup, which takes place on the evening before the final and is also referred to as the "small final". The final of the soccer world championship is one of the most prestigious and popular sporting events a soccer player can experience. The winning team of the final game receives the trophy and can call themselves world champions for four years.
The mode of competition is changing
|(1.) Group stage||Final round|
|1930||Uruguay||1 group of 4
3 groups of 3
|1934||Italy||Round of 16
- finals semi - finals
3rd place / final
|1950||Brazil||2 groups of 4
1 group of 3
1 group of 2
|1 group of 4|
|1954||Switzerland||4 groups of 4||Quarter
- finals, semi - finals,
3rd place / final
|1974||Germany||2 groups of 4,
3rd place / final
|1982||Spain||6 groups of 4||4 groups of 3
3rd place / final
|1986||Mexico||Round of 16
- finals semi - finals
3rd place / final
|1998||France||8 groups of 4|
South Korea Japan
Canada Mexico United States
||16 groups of 3||Round of
3rd place / Final
The hosting mode of the soccer world championships has been changed several times. The first tournament in 1930 should actually be carried out entirely in the knockout system. However, since only 13 teams had come, it was decided to carry out a group phase with three groups of three and one group of four teams before the start. This should also guarantee that the four European teams who had traveled a long time by ship would not have to start their return journey immediately. The composition of the groups was drawn after the arrival of all participants shortly before the tournament. The winners of the four groups played against each other in the semi-finals, the two winners contested the final. For the only time in World Cup history, the game for third place has not yet been played.
In 1934 and 1938 the tournament, beginning with a round of 16, was carried out entirely in the knockout system, with all games in one round taking place at the same time. If there was a tie after extra time, there was a replay one day (1934) or two to five days (1938) later. After that, the lot might have decided. In 1934, the host Italy first had to qualify in terms of sport, the defending champion waived in protest against a tournament in Europe; In 1938, when Austria was annexed, one team was lost and instead became part of the German team.
After the Second World War, they returned to group mode in the preliminary round in 1950. Since three qualified teams did not participate, there were two groups with four, one group with three and one with only two teams, i.e. a single game. This was criticized in the next round, as the Uruguayan team had only played one game with it, while the Brazilian team had three games. The four group winners then played the world champion in a further group round, so there was no official final. However, it turned out that the two best-ranked teams met in the third game. At the time, the tournament host still determined the mode, which is still unique today.
In 1954 the preliminary round was carried out in a very unusual group mode with four groups: two teams were set up per group that did not even have to play against each other. If games ended in a draw in the group stage, they were extended by 15 minutes twice before the final result counted. If the second and third were equal, there was a playoff, and a drawing of lots between the first and second. The goal difference played no role. The attempt to spare favored teams through the betting mode in the preliminary round, however, only resulted in low point yields, which made a total of two playoffs and drawing lots necessary. Then there was a knockout round, in which the group winners, some of which were drawn, played against the second. For the first time, the teams wore fixed numbers .
In 1958, the preliminary round was also played in group mode, but without seeded teams, but if there was a tie there were still playoffs. The knockout round was again carried out in a crossover comparison (first against second in another group).
From 1962 to 1970, the goal difference (quotient) was used for the first time to determine the group winners and runners-up in the event of a tie ; since 1974 it has been the goal difference, as is still common today. In 1970 the yellow and red cards and the option of two substitutions were introduced.
In 1974 and 1978, the preliminary round with 16 teams was followed by an intermediate round, in which two group winners and two group runners-up in two groups each played off each of the finalists. The two second rounds played off third place. So there were no semi-finals.
In 1982 a tournament with 24 teams was held for the first time. After the preliminary round in the now usual group mode, there was an intermediate round with four groups of three teams. The group winners played the two finalists against each other in the semi-finals. At this tournament, a penalty shoot- out was carried out for the first time if a game was still drawn after extra time.
From 1986 to 1994, in addition to the six group winners and runners-up, the four best thirds in the group qualified for the first sixteen since 1938.
The tournament has been held with 32 teams since 1998. The eight group winners and runners-up qualify for the round of 16, whereby two teams from the same group can only meet again in the final or in the game for third place. In 2002, however, the aim was to prevent the two organizers (Japan and South Korea) from clashing too early, so that two teams from the same group (Brazil and Turkey) played against each other again in the semi-finals. There was also the golden goal in 1998 and 2002 , which meant that overtime with the first goal scored was automatically decided before the end of the game.
Since 2006, the reigning world champion is no longer automatically qualified, only the host.
On January 10, 2017, FIFA decided that from 2026 48 teams will take part in a total of 16 groups of three teams each, with the top two in the group qualifying for the knockout phase. The number of preliminary round games remains the same (48 games), but in the knockout system there is the round of the sixteenth finals with 16 additional games, so that the total number of games increases from 64 to 80.
At the first soccer world championship in 1930 it was announced that the association whose selection wins the world cup three times may keep it. When the Brazilian national team won the third World Cup in 1970, the trophy, which was named after the FIFA President Coupe Jules Rimet in 1946 , became the property of the Brazilian Football Association. The original was stolen in 1983 and presumably melted down.
The FIFA World Cup trophy designed by the Italian Silvio Gazzaniga was selected from 53 designs and has been awarded to the tournament winner since 1974. The challenge cup is 36.8 cm high, weighs 6175 g and is made of 18- carat gold and two rings made of malachite . Initially, the reigning soccer world champion was allowed to keep the trophy until the next World Cup. At FIFA's request, the original trophy must now be returned to FIFA upon departure from the host country of the final tournament at the latest. The world champion receives a gold-plated replica. The replica also remains the property of FIFA and must be returned upon request. Since 2006, the trophy has been sent on a world tour of several months before each final round as part of the “ FIFA World Cup Trophy Tour ” and then presented in the host country.
The teams in first, second and third place receive medals made of gold, silver or bronze.
A total of 211 national football associations are registered in FIFA (as of May 13, 2016). Up to and including the 2018 World Cup, 79 of these associations were represented at a World Cup finals with their own selection. The following list gives an overview of the World Cup premieres of all previous participants including the designation of their state or sub-state valid at the time.
- Teams in bold became world champions when they first participated.
- Teams marked with an * were also hosts when they participated for the first time.
- Teams written in italics belonged to the legal successors of dissolved states or associations and had adopted the full results and titles of their predecessors in the official FIFA statistics (see also footnotes).
- Serbia is rated by FIFA as the successor to the following “three countries”: 1.) Yugoslavia (debut 1930), 2.) Federal Republic of Yugoslavia or the rest of Yugoslavia (“debut” 1998 under the name of Yugoslavia ) and 3 .) Serbia and Montenegro (name of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia from February 2003 until the split from Montenegro, "debut" 2006 under the name Serbia and Montenegro ). The results of all these teams will be allocated to Serbia in FIFA statistics. The year 1930 is considered to be Serbia's debut. See the country statistics for Serbia at FIFA . Serbia first appeared under its own name at a World Cup in 2010.
- The German Football Association (DFB) is a founding member of FIFA and has represented Germany in international football from 1904 to the Second World War and since 1990. The first World Cup participation took place in 1934. After the war, a DFB was founded again in western Germany and accepted into FIFA under the full state name "Federal Republic of Germany", just in time for the 1954 World Cup, at which the FRG reached first place. The DFV was founded in eastern Germany and accepted by FIFA as a representative of its own state (only participation in a World Cup final was 1974). After German reunification, the national football associations were also reunited and, from 1994 onwards, ran again under the name “Germany” in FIFA. In 1990, however, the “Federal Republic of Germany” became world champions. See the country statistics for Germany at FIFA .
- Both the Czech Republic (“Debut” under this name in 2006) and Slovakia (“Debut” under this name in 2010) were initially both considered by FIFA to be the successors of Czechoslovakia (debut in 1934). As a result, Czechoslovakia results were allocated to both the Czech Republic and Slovakia. Therefore, the year 1934 was considered a World Cup debut for both countries. See the country statistics for the Czech Republic at FIFA. FIFA now sees 2010 as the year Slovakia will participate for the first time. Nevertheless, the statistics of Slovak players who played for Czechoslovakia are assigned to the Slovak team. See the FIFA statistics for Slovakia .
- Today Indonesia .
- Russia is regarded by FIFA as the successor to the USSR. The results of the Soviet team are assigned to Russia in the FIFA statistics. As a debut of Russia thus the year 1958. applies under his own name entered Russia , starting in 1994 at a World Cup on. See the country statistics for Russia from FIFA .
- Today the Democratic Republic of the Congo .
- As part of the USSR, Ukraine took part in the tournaments from 1958 to 1990. Ukrainian players were important players in the Soviet national team at this time. B. Oleh Blochin , who took part in the World Cup with the USSR in 1982 and 1986. In 1994, with Sergei Juran , Yuri Nikiforow , Wladislaw Ternawski and Ilja Zymbalar , players who were still born in Ukraine played for Russia at the World Cup. The results of the USSR are only attributed to Russia and the Ukraine's first World Cup participation is 2006.
Tournaments at a glance
|rank||country||title||Year (s)||2nd place||3rd place||4th Place||final||Semifinals|
|1||Brazil||5||1958 , 1962 , 1970 , 1994 , 2002||2||2||2||6 (7 5 )||8 (11 6 7 8 )|
|2||Germany||4th||1954 , 1974 , 1990 , 2014||4th||4th||1||8th||12 (13 7 )|
|3||Italy||4th||1934 , 1938 , 1982 , 2006||2||1||1||6th||7 (8 8 )|
|4th||Argentina||2||1978 , 1986||3||5||4 (5 8 )|
|5||France||2||1998 , 2018||1||2||1||3||6th|
|6th||Uruguay||2||1930 , 1950||3||1 (2 5 )||4 (5 6 )|
|8th||Spain||1||2010||1||1||1 (2 6 )|
|9||Netherlands||3||1||1||3||3 (5 7 8 )|
|12||Sweden||1||2||1||1||3 (4 6 )|
|14th||Poland||2||1 (2 7 )|
For some years now, the number of world championship titles acquired to date has been represented by stars, which are usually placed above the football association's logos on the national team's jerseys. In 1971, Brazil was the first team to wear three stars, today there are five (see also champions star ).
Most of the World Cup finals
If the number of participants is the same, the order is based on the year in which the last participation took place.
with * became world champions (the respective year is also marked).
The years of tournaments without stakes are shown in italics .
|1||Antonio Carbajal||5 (5)||1950, 1954, 1958, 1962, 1966|
|Lothar Matthäus *||1982, 1986, 1990 *, 1994, 1998|
|Rafael Marquez||2002, 2006, 2010, 2014, 2018|
|4th||Gianluigi Buffon *||5 (4)||1998 , 2002, 2006 *, 2010, 2014|
|5||Djalma Santos *||4 (4)||1954, 1958 *, 1962 *, 1966|
|Pelé *||1958 *, 1962 *, 1966, 1970 *|
|Karl-Heinz Schnellinger||1958, 1962, 1966, 1970|
|Uwe Seeler||1958, 1962, 1966, 1970|
|Gianni Rivera||1962, 1966, 1970, 1974|
|Pedro Rocha||1962, 1966, 1970, 1974|
|Wladyslaw Żmuda||1974, 1978, 1982, 1986|
|Diego Maradona *||1982, 1986 *, 1990, 1994|
|Giuseppe Bergomi *||1982 *, 1986, 1990, 1998|
|Enzo Scifo||1986, 1990, 1994, 1998|
|Franky Van Der Elst||1986, 1990, 1994, 1998|
|Andoni Zubizarreta||1986, 1990, 1994, 1998|
|Paolo Maldini||1990, 1994, 1998, 2002|
|Cafu *||1994 *, 1998, 2002 *, 2006|
|Ronaldo *||1994 * , 1998, 2002 *, 2006|
|Fabio Cannavaro *||1998, 2002, 2006 *, 2010|
|Denis Caniza||1998, 2002, 2006, 2010|
|Thierry Henry *||1998 *, 2002, 2006, 2010|
|Rigobert Song||1994, 1998, 2002, 2010|
|DaMarcus Beasley||2002, 2006, 2010, 2014|
|Iker Casillas *||2002, 2006, 2010 *, 2014|
|Samuel Eto'o||1998, 2002, 2010, 2014|
|Miroslav Klose *||2002, 2006, 2010, 2014 *|
|Xavi *||2002, 2006, 2010 *, 2014|
|Valon Behrami||2006, 2010, 2014, 2018|
|Cristiano Ronaldo||2006, 2010, 2014, 2018|
|Andrés Guardado||2006, 2010, 2014, 2018|
|Andrés Iniesta *||2006, 2010 *, 2014, 2018|
|Javier Mascherano||2006, 2010, 2014, 2018|
|Lionel Messi||2006, 2010, 2014, 2018|
|Sergio Ramos *||2006, 2010 *, 2014, 2018|
|Tim Cahill||2006, 2010, 2014, 2018|
Most World Cup finals appearances
This table lists players with at least 18 World Cup finals appearances. It is irrelevant whether a player played less than a minute or the entire game. In the year marked in bold , the players and their teams became world champions.
If the number of games is the same, the order is alphabetical.
|1||Lothar Matthäus||25th||1982, 1986, 1990 , 1994, 1998|
|2||Miroslav Klose||24||2002, 2006, 2010, 2014|
|3||Paolo Maldini||23||1990, 1994, 1998, 2002|
|4th||Diego Maradona||21st||1982, 1986 , 1990, 1994|
|Uwe Seeler||21st||1958, 1962, 1966, 1970|
|Wladyslaw Żmuda||21st||1974, 1978, 1982, 1986|
|7th||Cafu||20th||1994 , 1998, 2002 , 2006|
|Philipp Lahm||20th||2006, 2010, 2014|
|Grzegorz Lato||20th||1974, 1978, 1982|
|Javier Mascherano||20th||2006, 2010, 2014, 2018|
|Bastian Schweinsteiger||20th||2006, 2010, 2014|
Most World Cup finals goals
In the year marked in bold , the players and their teams became world champions.
|1||Miroslav Klose||16||2002 (5), 2006 (5), 2010 (4), 2014 (2)|
|2||Ronaldo||15th||1998 (4), 2002 (8), 2006 (3)|
|3||Gerd Müller||14th||1970 (10), 1974 (4)|
|4th||Just Fontaine||13||1958 (13)|
|5||Pelé||12||1958 * (6), 1962 (1), 1966 (1), 1970 (4)|
|6th||Sándor Kocsis||11||1954 (11)|
|Jürgen Klinsmann||1990 (3), 1994 (5), 1998 (3)|
|8th||Helmut Rahn||10||1954 (4), 1958 (6)|
|Teófilo Cubillas||1970 (5), 1978 (5)|
|Grzegorz Lato||1974 (7), 1978 (2), 1982 (1)|
|Gary Lineker||1986 (6), 1990 (4)|
|Gabriel Batistuta||1994 (4), 1998 (5), 2002 (1)|
|Thomas Müller||2010 (5), 2014 (5), 2018 (0)|
At the end of every soccer world championship, several awards are given to the best players and the fairest team. No official awards were given until the 1966 World Cup. There are currently five different awards:
- FIFA Fairplay Award for the fairest team
- adidas golden shoe for the most successful goalscorer
- adidas Golden Ball for the best player
- adidas Golden Glove ( Lev Yashin Prize until 2006 ) for the best goalkeeper
- Hyundai “Best Young Player” for the best player under the age of 21
- A nominated player must not be older than 21 years and must play his first World Cup. The assessment criteria of the FIFA Technical Study Group responsible for this are technical skills, but also fair play. The trophy is a 30 cm high and 4.2 kg cup made of a copper-zinc alloy.
The winner will also receive the FIFA Champions Badge . The badge may be worn for four years after winning the World Cup. The badge was introduced for men in September 2008 and for women in April 2009. The badge shows the trophy and is complemented by the words “FIFA World Champions”. A second badge shows the name of the winning country and the year of the victory.
|year||FIFA Fair Play Award||Golden Shoe (Gates)||Golden ball||Golden Glove
(until 2006 Lev Yashin Prize )
|Best young player|
|1970||Peru||not forgiven||not forgiven||not forgiven||not forgiven|
|1978||Argentina||Mario Kempes (6)|
|1982||Brazil||Paolo Rossi (6)||Paolo Rossi|
|1986||Brazil||Gary Lineker (6)||Diego Maradona|
|1990||England||Salvatore Schillaci (6)||Salvatore Schillaci|
Oleg Salenko / Christo Stoitschkow (6 each)
|1998||England / France||Before Šuker (6)||Ronaldo||Fabien Barthez|
|2002||Belgium||Ronaldo (8)||Oliver Kahn||Oliver Kahn|
|2006||Brazil / Spain||Miroslav Klose (5)||Zinedine Zidane||Gianluigi Buffon||Lukas Podolski|
|2010||Spain||Thomas Muller (5)||Diego Forlan||Iker Casillas||Thomas Müller|
|2014||Colombia||James Rodríguez (6)||Lionel Messi||Manuel Neuer||Paul Pogba|
|2018||Spain||Harry Kane (6)||Luka Modrić||Thibaut Courtois||Kylian Mbappé|
- 2006 Gillette sponsored award.
- Ranking was determined based on the number of assists / minutes of play. In addition to Müller, David Villa ( Spain ), Wesley Sneijder ( Netherlands ) and Diego Forlán ( Uruguay ) also scored five goals.
In addition, the following are elected via internet voting:
- The most entertaining team
- Man of the Match for the best player in each final game
|year||Most entertaining team||Man of the Match (Final)|
|2010||- 1||Andrés Iniesta|
1 For 2010, FIFA also started an internet vote in which Germany led Uruguay, but which was not officially ended and evaluated.
- Best Young Player 1958-2002
FIFA subsequently determined the best young player for the World Cups from 1958 to 2002 using an internet vote.
|competition||places||Stages||Messages 10||Teams||Games||O||spectator||Audience ø||O||O||O|
|Highest value / lowest value in the respective category|
The following footballers have been convicted of doping in the context of football World Cups :
- 1974: Ernest Jean Joseph ( asthma drug )
- 1978: Willie Johnston ( Fencamfamin )
- 1986: Ramon Calderé ( ephedrine ; later acquittal because the drug was taken due to Salmonella infection)
- 1994: Diego Maradona ( ephedrine )
So-called world champion curse
The term world champion curse is used in sports journalism in particular to describe the statistical conspicuousness that the reigning soccer world champions in the last two decades were always eliminated at an early stage in the subsequent soccer world championship. The statistics of the last five tournaments are used for this:
|year||Reigning world champion||Time of departure|
Before that, only Italy in 1950 and Brazil in 1966 had been eliminated as reigning world champions in the group stage. A year before the World Cup, however, Italy had lost a large part of the regular team due to the plane crash of Superga and had to compete for the World Cup with a team in which no player had played more than 12 international matches.
The cause of the phenomenon is unknown. A sport-scientific investigation does not exist. Statistical randomness is conceivable . However, it is also possible that with the ever increasing density of performance in top football, minor but systematic psychological factors are causing the phenomenon.
- List of soccer world championship venues
- Soccer World Cup / mascot
- Football World Cup / sponsors
- Soccer World Cup / Records
- Pelé-Cup : Senior World Cup (over 34) from 1987 to 1995
Alternative concepts for the FIFA World Cup include: B .:
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- Wolfgang Fuhr: Football World Championships. AGON Sportverlag, Kassel, 2005, ISBN 3-89784-265-3 .
- Hardy Greens : Football World Cup Encyclopedia. 1930-2006. AGON Sportverlag, Kassel 2002, ISBN 3-89784-205-X .
- Waldemar Hartmann, Günter Netzer, Robert Kauer: People, goals & sensations. History and stories. WM 1930–2006. Wero Press, 2002, ISBN 3-9806973-7-1 .
- Dietrich Schulze-Marmeling: The history of the soccer world championship. Verlag Die Werkstatt , Göttingen 2014, ISBN 978-3-7307-0136-2 .
- Scientific Services of the German Bundestag: History of the Soccer World Cup ( Memento from October 22, 2012 in the Internet Archive )
- World Cup History - The history of the World Cup from 1930 to 2010
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