The or also the badge ( dt .: Outdated - or probably still common in heraldry - "picture devise ", otherwise [service] badge or identification tag and brand for short ) is an English term for various historical and present meanings.
In heraldry , a badge or cognizance ( badge ) is a representational representation that the English noble families initially provided with documents, buildings or other objects in order to identify them as belonging, i.e. a trademark . Later on, aristocratic families across Europe adopted this practice.
Examples from the field of English heraldry:
- three ostrich feathers in a simple crown with the motto "I SERVE" for the Prince of Wales
- the Scottish thistle
- the Irish shamrock
- the portcullis of Westminster
- open book with 7 seals in three crowns with a circumferential belt for Oxford University
Windsor Royal House Badge
Prince of Wales badge
Burgundy and French
Examples from the field of Burgundian and French heraldry:
- Porcupine for Louis XII. , as an expression of his motto " qui s'y frotte s'y pique - whoever rubs against it stings"
- The salamander , breathing fire, living in and from the fire, embodiment of the motto "I feed on it and I extinguish it" (lat. Nutrisco et extinguo , French. Je m'en nourris et je l'éteins ) for Franz I. to be found especially in the Chambord Castle, which he built .
- Club and lion skin for Louis XIII. based on Heracles , interpreted as a victory over Habsburg
- Sun for Louis XIV.
- A golden tree for Philip the Bold
- Knot stick for Ludwig von Orleans (in the rivalry with Johann Unfeart for influence on Charles VI. (France) interpreted as a challenge, according to the motto "I challenge")
- A white doe as a symbol of justice for Charles VI. (France) , who saw himself as a bien-aime, as much loved.
- Planes, wood shavings for Johann Ohnefurcht (interpreted as an affront to Ludwig von Orleans, in the sense of planing the knot from the stick), as well as the
- Mason's trowel (in the sense of Johann Ohnefurcht's motto "I houd - I hold on")
- Flint and fire steel  for Philip the Good , the Order of the Golden Fleece founded by him and the House of Habsburg connected with it
- three keys turned to the left for Nicolas Rolin , Chancellor Philip the Good
- the St. Andrew's cross as a sign of the Apostle Andrew, also for Burgundy , more often crossed sticks node designed (Burgundy Cross)
Book of hours Johann Ohnefurcht Apostle Andreas as patron of Burgundy between a plane (also in the background design) and a trowel
Porcupines on the tunic of the troops of King Ludwig XII. while riding to Genoa
Porcupine, Ludwig's heraldic animal, above an entrance to Blois Castle
Salamander of Francis I in Chambord Castle
Rogier van der Weyden , portrait of Nicolas Rolin with his badge on the ceiling at the table
Examples from German-speaking countries:
- The palm for Eberhard in the beard and leaning against it,
- the palm tree as a badge for the University of Tübingen, which he founded
- the multiple broken (zigzag) bar as an allod symbol of the Wittelbacher, whose ancestral castle Scheyern passed into the monastery Scheyern, the symbol can be found in the municipal coat of arms of Scheyern and coat of arms in the district of Dachau.
Nowadays the term badge is generally used in connection with name tags or access cards , in English for example for police badges or visibly worn ID tags with clips, lanyards or chains. See sticker . Even 'Buttons are sometimes called.
The designation is also common within military associations, which usually bear the coat of arms of the associated association on the right shoulder under the sovereign mark.
With computers, so-called case badges (housing stickers), which are 2.5 × 2.5 cm in size, are usually added to various hardware (and, more rarely, software) to advertise them on the housing.
In software , a badge also describes a small, additional graphic within the symbol for a program or app . This informs the user, for example, that a file is a link or that messengers have received an unread message.
In the e-learning context, a badge is a digital certificate or a learning badge that confirms the existence of certain skills or knowledge, for example as part of the open badges system.
- Renate Holzschuh-Hofer, Feuereisen in the service of political propaganda from Burgundy to Habsburg, in: RIHA Journal ( Journal of the International Association of Research Institutes in the History of Arts ) 0006, 2010
- Simona Slanička, War of Signs: The Visual Politics of John Without Fear and the Armagnac-Burgundian Civil War. Vandenhoeck and Ruprecht Verlag, Göttingen 2002. ISBN 978-3-525-35178-9 .
References and comments
- ^ Badge - Duden , 2018
- ↑ (more generally) also known as official badge (see also wikt: Special: search / official badge or wikt: police badge ) or (in particular) known as criminal police badge
- ^ A chaque roi son animal, in: La renardes des Alpes. Un blog pur partager mon passion de la nature, October 31, 2013
- ^ Fanny Bury Palliser: Historic Devices, Badges, and War-Cries. sn, London 1870, p. 35.
- ↑ Renate Holzschuh-Hofer, Feuereisen in the service of political propaganda from Burgundy to Habsburg , in: RIHA Journal (Journal of the International Association of Research Institutes in the History of Arts) 0006, 2010