A motto (also a motto ) is a maxim or motto given by a group of like-minded people, a person, a family or organization that should make their goal and claim clear. These are usually not uttered orally , like slogans , but in writing and come either from long traditions, communal determinations or decisive events such as a civil war or a revolution. The term motto was Germanized by Philipp von Zesen through the expression motto .
Slogans are often part of coats of arms. In the coat of arms they are usually in a banner under the coat of arms shield. This placement dates back to the Middle Ages , when the vast majority of all nobles had a coat of arms and a motto. In heraldic literature, the terms Feldgeschrei or Panier are common, which go back to a battle cry and are usually located above the coat of arms.
Today, many states have a motto, and other institutions also manage foreign exchange.
Motto of people
- Attempto! (Latin): "I'll try", "I dare" - motto of Eberhard I. Duke of Württemberg . The motto was later adopted by the Eberhard Karls University of Tübingen, which he founded.
- I serve - motto in the badge and coat of arms of the Prince of Wales since Edward of Woodstock in taking over the motto of John of Bohemia
- Indivisibiliter ac inseparabiliter (Latin): “Indivisible and inseparable” - motto of Charles I of Austria-Hungary
- Regna Firmat Pietas (Latin): “Piety strengthens the empire” - motto of King Christian IV of Denmark and Norway at the Corona Danica
- Pax quaeritur bello (Latin): “Peace is sought through war” - Oliver Cromwell's motto on the Cromwelltaler
- Deo Volente Humilis Levabor (Latin): "God willing, I will be lifted up (from my lowliness)" - motto of Landgrave Wilhelm V of Hessen-Kassel on the Weidenbaumtaler
- Virtute et fidelitate (Latin): bravery and loyalty - motto and motto of Landgrave Friedrich II of Hessen-Kassel on the blood dollar (Sterntaler)
- Aliis inserviendo consumor (Latin): "In the service of others I consume myself" - the motto of Duke Julius von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel on his light talers
- Pro Patria Consumor (Latin): "I consume myself for the fatherland" - motto of Duke Heinrich Julius von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel on his truth thaler and his mosquito thaler
- Parcere subiectis et debellare superbos (Latin): “Subjugate the gentle and the haughty fight down” - motto of Landgrave Philip the Magnanimous of Hesse on the Spruchtaler and the first Schmalkaldic Bundestaler
- Je l'enuie (French): “I challenge him” - the motto of Ludwig von Orléans
- Ich houd (Flemish): "I stand firm" - motto of Johann Ohnefurcht , Duke of Burgundy (in response to that of Louis of Orléans)
- Qui qu'en hogne , later aultre naray (French): "I don't want any other" - motto of Philip the Good Duke of Burgundy
- Je lay emprins (French): "I dared" - motto of Charles the Bold , Duke of Burgundy
- Per tot discrimina rerum (Latin): "Through so many dangers" - motto of Emperor Maximilian I.
- Vaca ut vaces (Latin): "Be free so that you are free" - motto of Josephus Geldolfus van Ryckel d'Oorbeeck
- Viribus Unitis (with united forces), motto of Franz Joseph I.
- Aut Caesar aut nihil (either Caesar or nothing), Cesare Borgia's motto
- Dorch God hebbe ick idt recovering (I got it through God), motto of Maria von Jever on the Danielstaler
- God with us , motto of the kings of Prussia (since 1701) and German emperors (since 1871)
Motto of modern nation states
- Unus pro omnibus, omnes pro uno (lat.): “One for all, all for one” - Switzerland's motto
- E pluribus unum (lat.): "One of many" - was on the seal of the United States of America , since 1956 the motto has been " In God we trust " (English): " In God we trust "
- Liberté, Egalité, Fraternité (French): “ Freedom, Equality, Fraternity ” - the motto of the French Revolution of 1789 and the French Republic
- Pravda vítězí “The truth wins” - the motto of the Czech Republic
- Ordem e Progresso (Portuguese): "Order and progress" - Brazil's motto
- لا إله إلا الله محمد رسول الله / Lā ilāha illā llāh Muhammadun rasūlu llāh. (Arabic): "There is no god but God and Mohammed is the Messenger of God" - Saudi Arabia's motto
- For God and Fatherland - (unofficially) German Empire
- Unity and law and freedom - (unofficially) Federal Republic of Germany
Mottos of cities and countries
- Dissipat atque fovet (lat.): "It disperses and warms" - sun in the Saarlouis coat of arms
- Fluctuat, nec mergitur (lat.): “It sways, but does not go under.” - Since 1853 the emblem of the city of Paris , originally the Parisian merchant.
- Juste iudicate filii hominum (lat.): "Judge righteously, you people (sons)" - Ostermiething / Upper Austria
- Nunquam retrorsum (Latin): "Never go back" - Guelph motto and coat of arms of the Kingdom of Hanover
- Up eternally ungeled (Low German): "Forever undivided" - Schleswig-Holstein's motto
- Sit intra te concordia et publica felicitas (lat.): “Within your walls there is harmony and general well-being” - the motto of the Hanseatic city of Rostock
Many Swiss cantons have or had a motto. This can be found on canton coins (before 1850).
- Liberté et patrie (French): Freedom and Fatherland - Vaud
- Post tenebras lux (lat.): After dark, light - Geneva
- Dominus providebit (lat.): The Lord will take care of things - Bern / edge of today's five-franc coin
- Domine conserva nos in pace (lat.): Lord protect us in peace - Zurich , on the Wasertaler , Basel , Lucerne
- Iustitia et Concordia (lat.): Justice and unity - Zurich
- Pro Deo et Patria (lat.): For God and Fatherland - Zurich
Motto of orders (order motto)
- Ora et labora (lat.): "Pray and work" - the motto of the Benedictine order
- Stat crux dum volvitur orbis (lat.): “The cross stands fixed while the world turns” - motto of the Carthusian order
- Omnia ad maiorem Dei gloriam (lat.): "Everything for the greater glory of God" - motto of the Jesuit order
- Tuitio fidei et obsequium pauperum (lat.): "Testimony of faith and help those in need" - motto of the Sovereign Order of Malta and the Order of St. John
- Honi soit qui mal y pense (French): "A rogue who thinks evil" - the motto of the English Order of the Garter
Slogans from student associations
- Virtuti semper corona , often only noted as vsc : "To the merits of his crown", from the poem An die Freude by Friedrich Schiller eighth stanza - motto of the Corps Borussia Breslau in Cologne and Aachen
- Everyone to his flag! - Motto of the Freiburg Association of Jewish Students Ivria
- Be a woman, be free! - Motto of the Berlin Student Union Lysistrata
Motto of church dignitaries
Traditionally, bishops and abbots of the Catholic Church choose a motto that can clarify the program of their pontificate . But priests and deacons can also give themselves a coat of arms and thus a coat of arms.
- Nec laudibus, nec timore (Latin): “Neither human praise nor human fear [should move us]” - the motto of the Blessed Cardinal Clemens August Graf von Galen , 1933–1946 Bishop of Münster
- Cooperatores veritatis (lat.): “Co-worker of truth” - Pope Benedict XVI's emblem. (both as Archbishop of Munich and Freising and as Bishop of Rome )
- In varietate concordia (Latin): “United in diversity” - motto of the European Union
- Omnia vincit amor (lat.): "Love conquers everything" - motto of some high medieval knights, especially tournament fighters. It is indicated by an A , which the knight either uses in the coat of arms or wears embroidered on his clothing.
- Sapere aude ! (Latin): “Dare to be understanding” or, according to Immanuel Kant : “Have the courage to use your own understanding!” - the motto of the Enlightenment
- Mentem alit et excolit (Latin): “(She) nourishes and educates the spirit” - motto of the Austrian National Library
- Honor to God, to defend your neighbor - motto of many volunteer fire brigades ; mostly to be found on the flag, also with the Austrian fire brigades
- Pride and Industry ( Engl. ): "Pride and diligence" - motto of Barbados
Motto on historical musical instruments
- Acta virum probant (lat.): "The man shows himself in his deeds" (painting by Jan Steen)
- Soli deo gloria (lat.): "Glory to God alone"
- Laudate eum in chordis et organo (Latin, quotation from Psalm 150, 4): "Praise him with strings and flute!"
- Max Löbe:
- schweizer-geld.ch - Zurich: 20 Batz, 1812.
- muenzen-huber.ch - Basel: 1/2 Thaler 1765
- Basel, Assis, 1708
- muenzenwert.de - Lucerne: 5 Batzen, 1813
- schweizer-geld.ch - Zurich: Ducat, 1810.
- schweizer-geld.ch - Zurich: 10 Schilling, 1806
- Motto, motto and motto of German princely families of the XVI. and XVII. Century. Barth, Leipzig 1883 in: Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek - accessed on July 6, 2020