Canton Zurich

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Canton Zurich
coat of arms
coat of arms
Canton of the Swiss Confederation
Abbreviation / license plate : ZH
Official language : German
Main town : Zurich
Accession to the federal government : 1351
Area : 1728.94  km²
Height range : 330–1291 m above sea level M.
Residents: 1,520,968 (December 31, 2018)
Population density : 880 inhabitants per km²
Proportion of foreigners :
(residents without citizenship )
26.1% (December 31, 2015)
Unemployment rate : 3.9% (December 31, 2015)
Location of the canton in Switzerland
Location of the canton in Switzerland
Map of the canton
Map of the canton
Political municipalities of the canton
Political municipalities of the canton

Coordinates: 47 ° 24 '  N , 8 ° 36'  E ; CH1903:  six hundred eighty-seven thousand six hundred and sixty-nine  /  two hundred and fifty thousand five hundred fifty-seven The canton of Zurich ( abbreviation ZH , Zurich German Zuri , French Zurich , Italian Zurigo , Romansh Turitg ? / I ) popularly also Zürichbiet dialect or Züripiet called, is a German-speaking canton in the northeast of Switzerland . The main town is the city of the same name, Zurich . Audio file / audio sample

The canton of Zurich, which is in the upper middle of the canton ranking in terms of area, has an extraordinarily high population density and, with its 1.5 million inhabitants, ranks first among the most populous cantons. The canton is shaped by its capital Zurich and its agglomeration , which takes up most of the canton.

It is congruent with the Zurich region defined by the Federal Statistical Office (FSO) and lies between the regions of Eastern and Northwestern Switzerland .


Most of the canton of Zurich is located in the Swiss plateau . The extreme south-east of the canton, however, is shaped like a pre-alpine region, and the extreme north-west forms part of the easternmost Jura foothills. The canton borders in the north on the canton of Schaffhausen and Germany ( border between Germany and Switzerland ), in the west on the canton Aargau , in the south on the cantons Zug and Schwyz , and in the east on the cantons Thurgau and St. Gallen . Eastern Switzerland begins east of the canton of Zurich .

With the Rafzerfeld , the canton of Zurich - along with Basel-Stadt and Schaffhausen - is one of only three cantons that have territories to the right of the Upper Rhine .


Lake Zurich as seen from Uetliberg

The largest body of water in the canton is the elongated Lake Zurich , which extends into the southern canton area and there also includes parts of the eastern neighboring cantons Schwyz and St. Gallen . With the Greifensee and Pfäffikersee in the Zurich Oberland there are two other larger lakes in the canton. The Türlersee , the Katzensee , the Lützelsee and the Husemersee are smaller bodies of water.

The Limmat leaves Lake Zurich in the city of Zurich to later merge with the Reuss and Aare rivers in the canton of Aargau and with the Rhine near Koblenz AG . Sections of the Rhine form the border with the canton of Schaffhausen and the state border between Switzerland and Germany. The Glatt , whose entire course lies in the canton, drains the Glatttal and the Zurich Oberland and flows into the Rhine near Glattfelden in the Zurich Unterland . The Töss is also a mountain river that rises in the Zurich Oberland and flows into the Rhine at the Tössegg . The Thur also flows through the Canton of Zurich for the last few kilometers. The Sihl rises in the canton of Schwyz, flows through the Zurich Sihl valley and flows into the Limmat in Zurich. The Reuss forms a small section of the border with Aargau in the southwest.

The small but water-rich mountain rivers and brooks of the Zurich Oberland, with their hydropower, marked the beginning of Swiss industry two centuries ago.


The highest mountain in the canton of Zurich is the Schnebelhorn at 1292  m . Other well-known excursion peaks in the Zurich Oberland are the Bachtel and Hörnli . The local mountain of the city of Zurich, the Uetliberg , belongs to the Albis chain , which is up to 915  m high. The lägern in the northwest is already an extension of the Jura Mountains .


The canton of Zurich is divided into various smaller regions . Some of these are characteristically rural, but urbanization in the canton of Zurich is well advanced: the capital Zurich dominates the canton.

In the far north of the canton, between Winterthur and Schaffhausen , lies the Zürcher Weinland . It is very sparsely populated and like no other Zurich region has retained its rural character. The Winterthur region is located south of the wine country . Winterthur is the sixth largest city in Switzerland and the second largest in the canton.

The Zürcher Unterland lies to the west of the Winterthur region and northeast of the city of Zurich . This is already part of the Zurich agglomeration , in particular the middle Glatttal is heavily urbanized or partially grown together with Zurich, while the Furttal , Wehntal and Rafzerfeld on the other side of the Rhine are still largely outside the inner agglomeration. Zurich Airport is also located in the lowlands and dominates .

The capital of the canton of Zurich, the city of the same name with a strong international character, is located a little west of the geographic center of the canton at the northern end of Lake Zurich. It takes up the entire valley there, through which the Limmat and Sihl flow and is bordered by the Uetliberg , Hönggerberg, Zürichberg and Adlisberg ranges of hills . To the west of the city, on the Limmat on the border with the canton of Aargau, lies the Limmattal region . This is heavily sprawled and its communities have partly grown together with the city of Zurich.

Lake Zurich extends south of the city. Both banks are built over practically without gaps. Due to its sunny location, the right bank has become the affluent so-called Gold Coast , while the left bank is sometimes called the Pfnüsel coast in a slightly pejorative way . Immediately behind the Lake Zurich communities are the hills of Zimmerberg (left bank) and Pfannenstiel (right bank). In particular, the Zimmerberg with the Hirzel region in the southernmost tip of the canton is sparsely populated by comparison.

In the south-east of the canton lies the partially pre-alpine Zürcher Oberland , in which both Zurich suburbs, extremely rural areas and medium-sized former industrial centers ( Uster , Wetzikon ) can be found.

In the south-western tip is the Knonauer Amt , popularly known as the Säuliamt . It is separated from the rest of the canton by the Albis chain and has a predominantly rural character. The Sihltal lies between the Albis and the Zimmerberg . In its northern part, which is close to the city, there are other suburbs of Zurich, while it is practically unpopulated in the south.


Population development

In 2015, the canton of Zurich had a higher human development index than any independent state on earth or any other sub-state region, apart from the Australian Capital Territory .


At the end of 2016, 1,482,003 people lived in the canton of Zurich, of whom 386,545 are not Swiss citizens.

nationality Share of all foreigners
January 2012 Late 2016
GermanyGermany Germany 23% 23%
ItalyItaly Italy 16% 14%
PortugalPortugal Portugal 07% 07%
KosovoKosovo Kosovo 02% 05%
SpainSpain Spain 03% 04%
North MacedoniaNorth Macedonia North Macedonia 04% 04%
SerbiaSerbia Serbia 09% 04%
AustriaAustria Austria 03% 03%
TurkeyTurkey Turkey 03% 03%
United KingdomUnited Kingdom United Kingdom 02% 02%
FranceFrance France 02% 02%
PolandPoland Poland nn 02%


The official language of the canton is German . The colloquial language is Swiss German or its local variant, Zurich German .

According to the new Zurich constitution, sign language also falls under the freedom of language .

Religions - denominations


The canton of Zurich is one of the traditionally reformed cantons, as the city of Zurich, under Zwingli's leadership, accepted the Reformation and implemented it in its entire subject area. This made the canton the first Reformed town in Switzerland. Historical exceptions are Dietikon ( allocated in 1803 when the canton of Baden was dissolved ) and the formerly Catholic monastery village of Rheinau (also allocated in 1803 as a replacement for the loss of Stein am Rhein and Dörflingen ).

As a result of heavy immigration (Zurich as an economic center) and increasing lack of religion, the canton is multi-religious today; none of the communities has an absolute majority anymore. Recognized under public law are the Evangelical Reformed Church of the Canton of Zurich , since 1963 also the Roman Catholic Body of the Canton of Zurich and the cantonal Zurich parish of the Christian Catholic Church of Switzerland and, on the basis of the new cantonal constitution, since 2005 two of Zurich's Jewish communities, on the other hand others have preferred to remain under private law.

Denomination statistics

Out of a population of 1'498'641 end of 2017 were in the canton of Zurich 432'655 (28.9 percent) inhabitants member of the Evangelical Reformed Church , 391'416 (26.1 percent) were residents of the Roman Catholic Church and a further 1,924 inhabitants (0.13 percent) were members of the Christian Catholic Church . The two state-recognized Jewish communities ( Israelitische Cultusgemeinde Zurich and Jewish liberal community Zurich ) had a total of 2,352 (0.16 percent) members.

At the end of 2011, 34 percent of the population were Reformed and 28 percent Catholic; 0.1 percent each belonged to the Christian Catholic Church or to one of the two publicly recognized Jewish communities. In 2011 the reformed regional church had lost 5,617 members (then 467,000 new members); the number of members of the Roman Catholic Church in the canton of Zurich grew by 1,500 in the same year (at that time a new 389,000).

Exact membership figures for other religious communities in the canton of Zurich have not been available since the 2000 census. However, the Federal Statistical Office (FSO) carries out sample surveys that also include other religious communities in the canton. At the end of 2017, 6.5 percent of respondents aged 15 and over said they belonged to another Christian denomination (neither (Christian) Catholic nor Reformed), 6.5 percent were Muslim , 0.5 percent belonged to a Jewish community (including state recognized communities), 1.7 percent were members of other religious communities and 29.2 percent of the respondents described themselves as non-denominational . The statistical confidence interval of the individual results is between 1.6 percent and 15.2 percent.

The structural survey from 2017 also reveals major differences in the religious affiliation of the various population groups: if the members of the Evangelical Reformed Church (36.3 percent) are the largest group among those surveyed aged 15 and over with Swiss citizenship, those aged 15 and over make up the largest group Years with foreign citizenship, the non-denominational (35.5 percent) the largest group. Although the members of the Evangelical Reformed Church (28.4 percent) make up the largest proportion among 15 to 24-year-olds, the proportion of respondents with a Muslim faith is highest in this age group at 10.4 percent. By way of comparison, only 1.8 percent of those over 65 said they were members of a Muslim community. The largest group in this age group are the members of the Evangelical Reformed Church (44.9 percent).

Population aged 15 and over by religious affiliation (in percent)
religion 1990 2000 2010 2011
Evangelical Reformed regional church 47.9 40.5 33.9 33.3
Roman Catholic Church 35.1 31.2 27.9 28.0
other Christian denominations 04.4 05.2 06.5 06.5
Islamic denominations 02.3 04.5 05.7 06.0
Jewish religious communities 00.5 00.5 00.5 00.4
Zurich population aged 15 and over by religion and nationality / origin, 2017 (in percent)
religion Total
Swiss people
without a migration
with a migration
heads of state
Christianity 61.1 66.7 71.5 51.6 45.9
- Evangelical Reformed Church 28.3 36.3 44.3 11.3 06.6
- Roman Catholic Church 26.2 24.3 22.7 29.2 31.4
- other Christian churches 06.6 06.1 04.5 011.1 07.9
other religions 08.7 05.5 01.0 19.2 17.4
- Islam 06.5 03.8 00.3 14.9 13.8
- Judaism 00.5 00.5 00.4 00.7 00.4
- other religions 01.7 01.2 00.3 03.6 03.2
non-denominational 29.2 26.9 26.4 28.2 35.5
no information 01.0 01.0 01.0 00.9 01.2



A constitutional council elected by the people drew up a new constitution between 2000 and 2004, which was supposed to replace the cantonal constitution that had been in force since 1869 and has been amended many times since then. The draft was approved in a referendum on February 27, 2005 by the voters with a clear majority. The new constitution came into force on January 1, 2006.

legislative branch

6th 22nd 35 8th 23 8th 29 4th 45 
A total of 180 seats

The legislative authority is the Cantonal Council , which has 180 members elected by the people for four years using proportional representation . Elections are made in 18 constituencies , and parliamentary seats have been allocated according to the “ double-proportional allocation process ” since 2007 . Compared to the previously used Hagenbach-Bischoff method , this divisor method eliminates, among other things, the disadvantage of small parties. With this change, a constituency reform was bypassed, but the hurdle was determined that a party in at least one constituency must achieve at least five percent of the vote in order to be able to enter parliament. In addition, the list connections were abolished as part of the change .

Cantonal elections in Zurich on March 24, 2019
Turnout: 33.53%
Gains and losses
compared to 2015
 % p

In addition, the people themselves have a direct share in the legislation, as they have the right of referendum and the right of initiative. Obligatory referendums take place on all constitutional changes, optional referendums on changes to the law, if requested by at least 3,000 voters. Popular initiatives to amend the constitution or a law require the support of at least 6,000 voters; they are also subject to a referendum if they are rejected by the Cantonal Council. Zürcherisches Unikum is the individual initiative: a single person can apply to the cantonal council to amend the law or the constitution, and this must be submitted to a referendum if they are supported by a majority of the cantonal council. The same applies to the authority initiative (for example based on a municipal parliament) as to the individual initiative. The popular proposal (also a constructive referendum ) was abolished in the canton of Zurich on September 23, 2012.

Results of the Zurich Cantonal Council elections 1971–2019
Political party Election year Share of voters
in percent
1971 1975 1979 1983 1987 1991 1995 1999 2003 2007 2011 2015 2019
Swiss People's Party (SVP) 33 32 32 35 31 36 40 60 61 56 54 54 45 24.46
Social Democratic Party of Switzerland (SP) 43 42 49 35 34 43 45 43 53 36 35 36 35 19.31
FDP.The Liberals (FDP) 39 43 51 52 46 50 46 35 29 29 23 31 29 15.66
Green Liberal Party (glp) - - - - - - - - - 10 19th 14th 23 12.91
Green Party of Switzerland (GPS) - - - 04th 20th 20th 16 11 14th 19th 19th 13 22nd 11.91
Christian Democratic People's Party (CVP) 17th 20th 21st 23 17th 13 11 13 12 13 09 09 08th 04.29
Evangelical People's Party (EPP) 11 14th 12 14th 11 08th 09 09 09 10 07th 08th 08th 04.24
Alternative list (AL) 0- 0- 0- 0- 0- 0- 0- 01 0- 02 03 05 06th 03.15
Federal Democratic Union (EDU) 0- 0- 0- 0- 0- 0- 0- 01 01 05 05 05 04th 02.27
Bourgeois Democratic Party (BDP) 0- 0- 0- 0- 0- 0- 0- 0- 0- 0- 06th 05 0- 01.53
Swiss Democrats / National Action (SD / NA) 10 06th 0- 02 06th 03 03 02 1 0- 0- 0- 0- 0-
State Ring of Independents (LdU) 26th 20th 14th 12 10 02 05 02 0- 0- 0- 0- 0- 0-
Auto Party / Freedom Party (APS / FPS) 0- 0- 0- 0- 0- 02 03 0- 0- 0- 0- 0- 0- 0-
Progressive Organizations (POCH) 0- 02 01 03 01 0- 0- 0- 0- 0- 0- 0- 0- 0-
Other 01 01 0- 0- 04th 03 02 03 0- 0- 0- 0- 0- 00.27


The highest executive and executive authority of the canton is the government council . It consists of seven members with equal rights, is elected by the people in a majority voting process (majority voting) for a fixed period of four years and is headed by the district president, who changes every year. Each member heads one of the seven departments (ministries) of the cantonal administration. The State Chancellery , headed by the State Clerk , is the central staff unit of the Government Council and supports it in administrative and legal questions.

Members of the Zurich government council
Government Council Political party Directorate
Jacqueline Fehr , Vice President 2020/2021 SP Directorate of Justice and Home Affairs
Mario Fehr SP Security Directorate
Martin Neukom GPS Building Director
Natalie Rickli SVP Health Directorate
Silvia Steiner , President 2020/2021 CVP Education Directorate
Ernst Stocker SVP Finance Directorate
Carmen Walker Spah FDP Department of Economics

Kathrin Arioli has been the state clerk since February 1, 2018 .


The highest courts responsible for the entire canton are the Higher Court , the Administrative Court and the Social Insurance Court . Organizationally, the Higher Court consists of two civil chambers, three criminal chambers and the compulsory measures court. The commercial court is located at the higher court .

At the regional level there are twelve district courts of first instance , which act as collegial courts , individual courts, tenant courts and labor courts. The District Court of Zurich , with its 400 employees the largest court in the canton of Zurich. At the local level (usually comprising several municipalities) there are the offices of justice of the peace and other arbitration authorities upstream of the first court instance. In addition, there is a construction course court and a tax appeal court , which are upstream of the administrative court.

The Compulsory Measures Court of the Canton of Zurich was awarded a negative prize at the Big Brother Awards 2019 for alleged “secret justice in the surveillance state” .

Party system

Party strengths National Council elections including list connections (in percent)
Political party Elections

2007 elections

2003 elections

1999 elections
SVP 26.70 30.68 29.84 33.92 33.39 32.48
SP 17.31 21.39 19.27 19.81 25.66 25.63
Green 14.08 06.89 08.39 10.37 08.47 04.14
glp 13.99 08.16 11.49 07.01 - -
FDP 13.66 15.33 11.64 13.15 16.24 17.82
CVP 4.41 04.18 05.03 07.56 05.43 05.12
EPP 3.30 03.12 03.07 03.68 04.11 03.44
AL 1.92 02.01 01.26 01.34 02.17 02.01
BDP 1.64 03.62 05.28 - - -
EDU 1.61 02.06 02.17 02.12 02.06 01.76
Pirates 0.46 00.64 00.86 - - -
SD 0.19 00.18 00.28 00.54 00.87 01.55
rest 0.73 01.74 01.42 00.50 01.60 06.07

In the canton of Zurich there are the usual parties operating in Switzerland. In the past, the FDP in particular had a decisive position, but it increasingly lost it and had to cede its role as the largest cantonal parliamentary group to the SVP in the 1990s . In the rural and agglomeration communities , the SVP, in the cities, the SP is above average. The fourth strongest party for some years now has been the Green Liberals , which split off from the Swiss Green Party in 2004 . The CVP and EPP have also been represented in the cantonal council for many years , with the former being significantly more influential in federal terms than in the canton of Zurich. At the moment (2014) the BDP , EDU and AL are also represented in the cantonal parliament .

The representation of the parties is largely reflected in the 200-strong National Council , in which the Canton of Zurich has again had 35 representatives since 2015 based on the population. In accordance with the smaller number of available seats compared to the 180-strong cantonal council, smaller parties with less than 3% of the votes (namely EDU and AL) are not represented.


Politically, the canton of Zurich has played a pioneering role on various occasions, for example in promoting public transport, in tax legislation, in restructuring the education system, in rights for homosexual couples and in reforming civil service law (abolition of civil servant status); in other areas, such as the simplification of the administrative structure, it lags behind other cantons such as Bern and St. Gallen . The party landscape, which had been constant for decades, with its traditional dominance of the Freedom Party or the Freedom Democratic Party ( FDP ) - which was only temporarily divided into two independent parties (see Democratic Party ) - began to move at the end of the 20th century: in connection with the more difficult This supremacy was broken by the right-wing conservative Swiss People's Party ( SVP ), which has since become the strongest force in the canton. On the left, the Social Democratic Party ( SP ) strengthened briefly , but suffered another setback in 2007.


The Canton of Zurich has had a partnership with the City of Chongqing , People's Republic of China , since 2013 .

Political parishes and districts

The Canton of Zurich has 162 political communities that are responsible for local self-government ; For example, each individual has the right to set the communal tax rate himself.

Other types of congregation are the school congregations , which are increasingly being integrated into the political congregations, the Evangelical Reformed congregations and the Roman and Christian Catholic congregations. Civil parishes existed until the end of 2009 .

Each municipality belongs to one of the twelve districts (see below), which are the decentralized units of the cantonal administration and therefore have no autonomy of their own.

On January 1, 2016, the political communities of Illnau-Effretikon and Kyburg merged to form the new political community of Illnau-Effretikon .


Important places in the canton of Zurich (district capitals underlined)

Of the 162 political municipalities in the canton of Zurich, 28 have a geographic-statistical city size of more than 10,000 inhabitants, based on the definition of residence under civil law as of December 31, 2018.

The most important cities with over 10,000 inhabitants as of December 31, 2018 are listed below:

Political community Residents
Zurich , capital 415,367
Winterthur 111,851
Uster 034,722
Dubendorf 028,678
Dietikon 027'265
Wetzikon 024,809
Waedenswil 024,341
Horgen 022,665
Bulach 020,447
Opfikon 020,361
Balls 019,679
Adliswil 018,769
Streaks 018,736
Volketswil 018,669
Regensdorf 018,457
Thalwil 017,990
Political community Residents
Illnau-Effretikon 17'068
Wallisellen 16,324
Stäfa 14'497
Küsnacht 14,397
miles 14'220
Richterswil 13,513
Zollikon 13,012
Affoltern am Albis 12,229
Rüti (ZH) 12,174
Pfäffikon (ZH) 11,935
Bassersdorf 11,687
Männedorf 11'243
Hinwil 11,138
Gossau (ZH) 10'222
Maur 10'215


Districts of the Canton of Zurich
district Population
(December 31, 2018)
in km²
main place BFS no.
Zurich 415,367 087.78 Zurich 0112
Winterthur 169,513 251.19 Winterthur 0110
Bulach 151,486 184.97 Bulach 0103
Uster 131,702 112.20 Uster 0109
Horgen 124,801 104.20 Horgen 0106
miles 104,412 084.66 miles 0107
Hinwil 095,711 179.54 Hinwil 0105
Dietikon 091,091 060.16 Dietikon 0111
Dielsdorf 090,455 152.83 Dielsdorf 0104
Pfaffikon 060'439 163.66 Pfaffikon 0108
Affoltern 054,619 113.06 Affoltern am Albis 0101
Andelfingen 031,372 166.67 Andelfingen 0102
Total (12) 1,520,9680 ' 1660.920

Share of lake area in the canton of Zurich: 67.95 square kilometers

Changes in inventory
From January 1, 1934 to December 31, 1985, the Zurich district included the city of Zurich and twelve so-called "rural communities".

The municipality of Zollikon moved to the Meilen district on January 1, 1986 , the other eleven communities remained part of the Zurich district until June 30, 1989 due to legal proceedings, and since July 1 they have formed today's Dietikon district .


4% obligation of CHF 1000 from the State of Zurich (canton) from February 25, 1909

Based on the Helvetian mediation constitution , the canton was established in 1803 on the territory of Zurich and also bears the name and coat of arms of the old city republic.

The downfall of the city republic and the Ancien Régime began in 1798 when the landscape demanded the abolition of subjects and equality with Zurich. The efforts to found a canton ended after a few weeks without success due to the occupation of the canton by French troops. The old rulership became part of the Helvetic Republic and thus a dependent administrative district with 15 districts. Persistent disputes within the Helvetic Republic forced Napoleon to convene a Helvetic Consulta at the end of 1802 . This resulted in the ratification of the mediation act in March 1803, with which the existence of the Helvetic Republic ended and was replaced by the Helvetic State Confederation Confoederatio Helvetica .

With the mediation constitution of 1803, the new canton of Zurich was created, an autonomous state and a member of the Helvetic Confederation. The canton area, which has not changed since then, was determined with a final change; the districts were replaced by five districts.

With the defeat of French troops near Leipzig, the mediation constitution was repealed at the end of 1813. The newly drafted restoration constitution came into force in mid-1814 and once again strengthened the influence of the aristocratically dominated city, but also of the rural aristocracy. The administrative structure was changed again, eleven higher offices were established, the division of which has remained largely unchanged to this day. Within the following year, the Zurich state border from 1803 was finally confirmed at the Congress of Vienna .

After the revolutionary Ustertag , the new liberal constitution came into force within six months in 1831, after the first referendum in the canton . In 1839 there was a countermovement when, in the unconstitutional Züriputsch , “god-fearing” conservatives who were hostile to modernization took over government until 1845.

In 1868 the people agreed with a large majority to a mandate, which was strongly based on Salomon Bleuler and Winterthur , but also the rural regions of the canton, on a new constitution, which transformed the indirect democracy that had existed up to that point into a semi-direct democracy . As a result, the school system was reorganized and the Zürcher Kantonalbank was founded. This constitution - with many changes - remained in force until 2005.


Business and financial center

The canton of Zurich is the economically strongest region in Switzerland. An agglomeration with over a million inhabitants has developed around the city of Zurich, which already extends beyond the canton's borders.

The financial center is particularly pronounced with nationally and internationally active banks and insurance companies , with which Zurich can compete with London and Frankfurt am Main . Alongside Munich, Zurich is a leading global center for reinsurance . Zurich is also a popular conference venue.


The canton of Zurich is criss-crossed by a dense national and regional rail network as well as highways leading to the east, west, north and south. Zurich International Airport is located in the municipality of Kloten and functions as a hub , but according to the 2015 monitoring report it is reaching its capacity limits. The Dübendorf military airfield is located in the municipality of Dübendorf , which in future could function as a regional airfield in the sense of a relief airport in analogy to Milan Linate airport .

The canton of Zurich has good international rail connections to all neighboring countries and, with the Zürcher Verkehrsverbund (ZVV), has an excellent local transport network for urban traffic , which is constantly being expanded.

In 2019, the degree of motorization (passenger cars per 1000 inhabitants) was 488. The transport policy of the new red-green majority in the cantonal council is increasingly ensuring a turnaround in traffic .

Established businesses

Because of its economic importance, the canton of Zurich is an important business location. Various Zurich companies are of great national or international importance. A large number of foreign companies have their Swiss headquarters in the canton of Zurich.

The largest Zurich companies with national or international importance include:

The largest Swiss subsidiaries of foreign groups with Swiss headquarters in the Canton of Zurich include:

Training centers

Special facilities and research

See also

Portal: Canton of Zurich  - Overview of Wikipedia content on the subject of the Canton of Zurich


Web links

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References and comments

  1. Balance of the permanent resident population by canton, definitive annual results, 2018. Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 27, 2019, accessed on September 18, 2019 (definitive annual results).
  2. Structure of the permanent resident population by cantons. Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 26, 2016, accessed on May 31, 2017 .
  3. ^ The situation on the job market in December 2015. (PDF; 807 kB) State Secretariat for Economic Affairs (SECO), January 8, 2016, p. 9 , archived from the original on January 12, 2016 ; accessed on January 13, 2016 .
  4. ^ Online Duden, Zurich area
  5. The function of the capital city of Zurich is neither stipulated by the constitution nor by a law, but is based on the traditional practice that the heads of the state - government council, cantonal council and higher court - have their seat in Zurich. In the case of the higher court, this practice is confirmed by the Act on the Organization of Courts and Authorities in Civil and Criminal Proceedings of May 10, 2010, Section 4; The Cantonal Council Act of April 5, 1981 and the Act on the Organization of the Government Council and the Cantonal Administration of June 6, 2005 are silent about the seat of parliament and the government.
  6. Permanent and non-permanent resident population by year, canton, district, municipality, population type and gender (permanent resident population). In: bfs. . Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 31, 2019, accessed on December 22, 2019 .
  7. ^ STAT-TAB: The interactive statistics database, population development by region, 1850–2000. Swiss Confederation, accessed on October 21, 2019 .
  8. STAT-TAB: The interactive statistics database, population status. Swiss Confederation, accessed on October 21, 2019 .
  9. ^ Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab. Accessed August 5, 2018 .
  10. Federal Office for Migration / Statistics Service for Foreigners: Existing permanent resident population by canton. Tab.No .: 6.22. ( Memento of the original from July 25, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Bern-Wabern 2012. Retrieved on: March 2, 2012.
  11. ^ Canton of Zurich: Directorate of Justice and the Interior: Religious Communities: Legal Recognition. January 29, 2019, accessed May 18, 2020 .
  12. Resident population in the municipalities of the Canton of Zurich by denomination in 2017. ( XLSX ) Cantonal population surveys , Statistical Office of the Canton of Zurich, July 2, 2018, accessed on May 18, 2020 .
  13. Persistently strong population growth - (accessed on: March 2, 2012).
  14. ↑ Fewer and fewer Reformed people, more and more Catholics - News Zurich: Region - (accessed on: June 7, 2012).
  15. a b c d Since 2010, the data on religious communities in the canton of Zurich have been based on a sample survey by the FSO, for which people aged 15 and over are surveyed. It should be noted that the results of the surveys show a confidence interval. (See census in Switzerland # structural survey .) Since the last census in 2000, there are no more figures on the religious affiliation of the total population (of all ages). Exceptions are the Roman Catholic, Evangelical Reformed and Christian Catholic Churches and the Israelitische Cultusgemeinde Zurich / Jewish Liberal Congregation Zurich , whose members are officially registered on the basis of church tax .
  16. a b c Federal Statistical Office: Permanent resident population aged 15 and over by religious affiliation and canton - 2017. (XLSX; 377 kB) January 29, 2019, accessed on May 18, 2020 .
  17. Statistical Yearbook of the Canton of Zurich 2014. (PDF; 3  MB ) 24th edition, February 2014. (No longer available online.) Statistical Office of the Canton of Zurich, p. 92 , archived from the original on July 30, 2014 ; Retrieved July 29, 2014 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  18. ^ Constitution of the Canton of Zurich of February 27, 2005, with changes that have taken place since then.
  19. The Government Council. State Chancellery of the Canton of Zurich, accessed on April 6, 2018 .
  20. The winners of the Big Brother Awards 2019. In: Accessed August 31, 2019 .
  21. Elections 2019. Accessed August 1, 2020 .
  22. National Council elections 2015: extrapolation, results, voter participation. (No longer available online.) Directorate of Justice and Home Affairs, Statistical Office of the Canton of Zurich, October 18, 2015, archived from the original on April 27, 2016 ; Retrieved October 19, 2015 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  23. National Council elections 2011: extrapolation, results, voter participation. (No longer available online.) Directorate of Justice and Home Affairs, Statistical Office of the Canton of Zurich, October 23, 2011, archived from the original on April 3, 2013 ; Retrieved July 29, 2014 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  24. Results in the canton. (No longer available online.) Directorate of Justice and Home Affairs, Statistical Office of the Canton of Zurich, October 22, 2007, archived from the original on July 30, 2014 ; Retrieved July 29, 2014 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  25. Comparison with 2003 in the canton. (No longer available online.) Directorate of Justice and Home Affairs, Statistical Office of the Canton of Zurich, October 22, 2007, archived from the original on July 30, 2014 ; Retrieved July 29, 2014 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  26. ^ Chongqing Municipal Government
  27. Welcome, Kyburg! City administration Illnau-Effretikon, January 1, 2016, accessed on January 6, 2016 .
  28. When the Zurich people overthrew the «system»
  29. Monitoring the competitiveness of Swiss aviation 2015. (PDF) In: March 2015, accessed June 21, 2015 .
  31. Marisa Eggli, Helene Arnet: In the canton of Zurich, buses and trams are now more important than cars. In: . August 27, 2019, accessed September 5, 2019 .
  32. Daniel Schneebeli: Will the people participate in the traffic turnaround? In: . August 27, 2019, accessed September 5, 2019 .