|Canton :||Zurich (ZH)|
|BFS no. :||0154|
|Postal code :||8700 Küsnacht
|UN / LOCODE :||CH KHH (Küsnacht)
CH FCH (Forch)
|Height range :||406–781 m above sea level M.|
|Area :||12.36 km²|
|Residents:||14,397 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||1165 inhabitants per km²|
Proportion of foreigners :
|26.1% (December 31, 2018)|
|Mayor :||Markus Ernst ( FDP )|
|Location of the municipality|
Küsnacht ( Zurich German Chüsnacht [ˈxʏsnaxt] ) is a municipality in the Swiss canton of Zurich . It is located on the so-called Gold Coast on the lower right bank of Lake Zurich in the Meilen district and should not be confused with the Schwyz municipality of Küssnacht at the foot of the Rigi .
In 2006, Küsnacht was rated the “most livable city in Switzerland” in a city rating by the magazine Bilanz .
In addition to the village center of Küsnacht, Küsnacht includes the districts of Goldbach in the north and Heslibach in the south on Lake Zurich . The district of Itschnach, situated higher up, borders the community of Zumikon . The Küsnachter hamlets and farms are located at the upper course of the Küsnacht village stream : Küsnachter Berg, Schmalzgrueb, Limberg, Wiserholz, Hohrüti, Wangen, Chaltenstein (Kaltenstein) and the Forch settlement . Neighboring communities besides Zumikon are Zollikon in the north, Erlenbach and Herrliberg in the south and Maur in the east.
- Area: 1236 ha , of which 28% forest, 35% arable land and meadows, 24% courtyard and garden.
The first traces of settlement come from lakeside settlements from the Neolithic Age (4500 to 2300 BC) in the Heslibacher «Hörnli». In Küsnacht Gorge with the Hill of wulp castle remains were found from the later Bronze Age (2300-800 v. Chr.). In 1978, extensive remains of an estate were found on the Küsnachter Allmend , the presumed Latin name of which is fundus Cossiniacus, "Landgut des Cossinius", which is probably the basis of today's place name. This name was among the immigrant in the early Middle Ages Alemanni to Chussennacho recorded in writing and has been in this form for the first time in 1188 in a papal document. In 2018, a burial ground from the 9th to 11th centuries was discovered under the singing hall of the Küsnacht Cantonal School . At the location of the church, which was first documented in 1188, a previous building stood centuries earlier.
In the High Middle Ages (950 to 1250 AD) the rulership rights were exercised by the barons of Regensberg , whose servants had their seat at Wulp Castle. In the 14th century, the Regensbergers sold the Küsnacht rule to the Mülner knightly family , who had risen to the nobility as servants of the Fraumünster Abbey . Also in the 14th century, the Knightly Order of St. John set up its administrative district, the Küsnacht Commandery, near St. George's Church . The last Komtur Konrad Schmid fell in 1531 as a companion of Ulrich Zwingli in the battle of Kappel . In 1384 knight Götz III sold. Mülner the Vogtei via Küsnacht and Goldbach for 400 guilders to the city of Zurich . Küsnacht thus became part of the Obervogtei Küsnacht, which was administered by two senior bailiffs belonging to the Zurich council. This affiliation lasted until 1798.
Küsnacht flood 1778 : In the evening hours of July 8th, 1778 a violent thunderstorm fell over Küsnacht. Huge masses of water poured over the place from the Küsnachter Tobel. The flood destroyed numerous buildings and bridges. 63 people were killed. In 1830 the Küsnachter Memorial was created , a liberal pamphlet calling for a new cantonal constitution with equal rights for town and country. The authors included the German educator Ludwig Snell and the citizens of Küsnacht Heinrich Streuli and Rudolf Brunner.
Not least because of this liberal attitude, the first state teachers 'seminar in Switzerland was opened in 1832 with the Zurich teachers' seminar under Ignaz Thomas Scherr in the Seehof (today the C. G. Jung Institute ). The first two-year training course was attended by 35 prospective teachers. Well-known former seminarians are among others the Swiss writers Ernst Kappeler , Jakob Bosshart and Albin Zollinger . From the seminar in the last quarter of the 20th century, today's Kantonsschule Küsnacht developed (change of name 1983).
On June 3 and 4, 1878, the village was hit again by a flood , 100 years after the last. In 1909, after the construction of the Seestrasse and the railway line on the right bank, the construction zone was extended to almost the entire slope area. As a result, almost the entire vineyard area was built over within a few decades: in 1886 the vineyard area was 148 hectares, in 1950 it was still 3. The old settlement centers of Dorf, Heslibach and Kusen grew together, and also to the neighboring communities of Zollikon and Erlenbach there are no longer any settlement borders.
coat of arms
- In red a square gold cushion with corner tassels.
The municipal coat of arms of Küsnacht is a so-called speaking coat of arms , which means that the coat of arms depicts the place name. The connection between “Küsnacht” and “pillow” (Middle High German küssîn ) is, however , incorrect in terms of folk etymology , that is to say in terms of linguistic history.
The Küsnacht coat of arms can perhaps be traced back to that of the municipality of Küssnacht am Rigi . There is evidence of aristocratic relationships between Küsnacht and Küssnacht . The pillow adorned the 1497 crest in the arms of the Commendatore Andreas Gubelmann which the then Johanniterhaus Küsnacht board. While cushions and tassels are golden (yellow) on the office discs from 1544, 1560 and 1574, in the 19th century they were often shown in silver (white). Gerold Edlibach shows in his Zürcher Chronik (approx. 1490; p. 420) another coat of arms, namely a representation of St. George with a dragon on a red background; Georg is first mentioned in 1332 as the patron saint of the Küsnacht parish church. The coat of arms that is valid today was established in 1933 by the municipal council with recourse to the aforementioned office discs from the 16th century.
- Proportion of foreigners: 25.5% (2016)
- Religion: 34% Reformed , 25% Roman Catholic (2016)
- Average age: 45 years (2016)
- Unemployment rate: 2.1% (2016)
There are 34 protected nature reserves in the Küsnacht community. In the cantonal inventory of nature and landscape protection, the Küsnachter Tobel , the Rumensee , the Schübelweiher, the area around the military man monument on the Forch and the Cholgrueb are listed as landscape protection areas of cantonal importance. Projects for sustainable upgrading and ecological networking in the local recreation area are implemented through the Pfannenstil natural network, among other things.
Mayor (since 1939)
- Markus Ernst (since 2013)
- Max Baumgartner (2006-2013)
- Ursula Gut (1998-2006)
- Fritz Gehrig (1990–1998)
- Arthur Egli (1978–1990)
- Hans Bollmann-Walder (1970–1978)
- Gottfried Spörri (1963-1970)
- Eduard Guggenbühl (1939–1963)
Küsnacht is a control force of around 12'482 francs per head, that is annual tax revenues of around 175 million francs, one of the richest communities in Switzerland, and has accordingly for financial compensation to contribute in the canton of Zurich. In 2016, the municipality of Küsnacht had to contribute 73.6 million francs to the financial equalization.
The first school was maintained in the Küsnachter Jürgehuus from 1529 . Today's primary schools, including kindergartens, are:
- Quartier Heslibach: There are three kindergartens in Heslibach (Gartenstrasse, Traubenweg). Adjacent to the primary school on Gartenstrasse, which also contains the school library, is the “Fretzli” leisure facility.
- Quarter village: There are three kindergartens in the village (Weinmanngasse, Heinrich-Wettstein- Strasse). The primary school (Wiltisgasse, Wiltiswacht) is u. a. incorporated the school library.
- Quartier Goldbach: There are three kindergartens in Goldbach . The Goldbach primary school was demolished during the 2014/15 school year, the new building is under construction.
- Itschnach part of the village: There are three kindergartens in Itschnach (Im Sonnenrain, Im Dörfli). The primary school in Itschnach houses the lower and middle grades.
- Limberg part of the village: Primary school in Wangen, with multi-class departments.
The secondary schools are:
- Gymnasium: The Küsnacht Cantonal School is on Dorfstrasse am Dorfbach . It is an arts and modern language grammar school and can be completed as a short and long-term grammar school. The main building is the former Johanniterhaus .
- Secondary school: The secondary school is housed in the center school complex. The “Tempus” vocational preparation and adult education department is also located here.
The following private schools are maintained:
- Terra Nova: Terra Nova on Florastrasse is a bilingual English-German private school (kindergarten, primary level).
- Bilingual day school: The Lakeside School is a bilingual day school English-German (kindergarten, lower, intermediate).
- The Colourwoods Montessori Kinderhaus is a bilingual English-German kindergarten.
- Küsnacht local museum , in the "Upper Mill" at the entrance to the ravine. Evidence of the Küsnacht (everyday) history and special collections of national importance (fashion and hairdresser) as well as a toy collection. Permanent and temporary exhibitions.
- Museum CG and Emma Jung-Rauschenbach , in the former home of Carl Gustav Jung.
Retirement and nursing homes
- Age and Health Center Tägerhalde
- Wangensbach Age and Health Center
- Elderly Center Residenz Küsnacht
- Bethesda Panorama Park
- Höchhus Küsnacht
- Johanniterhaus Küsnacht
- Küsnachter Tobel with the Drachenhöhle as well as the boulders Alexander stone and Drachenkopf
- Wulp castle ruins
- Local museum at the exit of the ravine
- Rumensee and Schübelweiher
- Seehof house , former residence of Conrad Ferdinand Meyer and seat of the C. G. Jung Institute
- Tithe trot
- Reformed Church Küsnacht
- Catholic Church of St. George
free time activities
In addition to various bathing and water sports options on and on Lake Zurich, Küsnacht offers an extensive network of public parks, hiking trails and bike paths.
The KEK artificial ice rink is located above the village center of Küsnacht and also serves as the home stadium for the GCK Lions (the ZSC Lions farm team ). It includes an ice rink, an open ice rink and a curling hall .
The local football club, which plays in the 2nd division, has 2 sports fields. The Küsnacht lido is a family pool with a sandy beach.
In Küsnacht there are a total of 85 clubs, including for various sports (football, swimming, tennis, floorball , badminton, handball, rowing, boccia, the gymnastics club), for cultural activities (cultural association, association for local history Küsnacht, beautification association, association homely Küsnacht, women's association, senior citizens association), for nature conservation (nature and bird protection association), for music (Küsnacht church choir, Berg-Küsnacht-Sängerbund Küsnacht men's choir, Küsnacht music school association, Artichock art association, theater association), for families (family club), for the Küsnachter Trade (trade association) and others.
Well-known residents were or are, among others, Fred Bauer , August Bebel , Bernard von Brentano , Hans Ehrismann , Lux Guyer , Walter Haefner , Hermann Haller , Ursula Isler-Hungerbühler , Klaus Johann Jacobs , Gwyneth Jones (singer) , Carl Gustav Jung , Judith Kerr , Gustav Knuth , Klaus Knuth , Meinrad Lienert , Katia Mann , Thomas Mann , Conrad Ferdinand Meyer , Horst Petermann , Hugo Pfister , Johann Jakob Reithard , Rudolf Ringger , Christian R. Schmidt , Meinrad Schütter , Ludwig Snell , Ignaz Thomas Scherr , Gunta Stölzl , Tina Turner , Richard Weiss , Alexander Wettstein
Born in Küsnacht:
- Carl Abegg-Arter , raw silk merchant and banker
- Emil Abegg , Indologist
- Johann Jakob Abegg , politician and entrepreneur
- Ernst Brunner , clarinet and saxophone player
- Maja Brunner , singer
- Bert Campbell , musician
- Albert Frey-Wyssling , botanist
- Walter Kern , artist, poet, art writer and art critic
- Rudolf Meyer , musician
- Alice Rechsteiner , women's rights activist
- Ulrich Saxer , media and communication scientist
- Martin Illi: Küsnacht (Vogtei). In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- Martin Illi: Küsnacht (ZH). In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- Alfred Egli, Christian Renfer, Ingrid Stöckler, Jeannette Rüdisühli: Küsnacht am Zürichsee (= Swiss Art Guide No. 606/607). Edited by the Society for Swiss Art History GSK. Bern 1997, ISBN 978-3-85782-606-1 .
- Hermann Fietz: The art monuments of the canton of Zurich. Volume II: The districts of Bülach, Dielsdorf, Hinwil, Horgen and Meilen (= Swiss art monuments. Volume 15). Edited by the Society for Swiss Art History GSK. Bern 1943. .
- Hans Schnider: Small chronicle of the church and parish Küsnacht. Edited by the Reformed parish of Küsnacht. Stäfa 1988.
- Franz Schoch: History of the community Küsnacht. Stäfa book printing company, Küsnacht 1951.
- Official website
- Statistical data from the canton on the municipality of Küsnacht ZH
- Communal protected areas and supra-communal nature conservation inventory objects of the municipality of Küsnacht ( overview plan )
- Permanent and non-permanent resident population by year, canton, district, municipality, population type and gender (permanent resident population). In: bfs. admin.ch . Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 31, 2019, accessed on December 22, 2019 .
- Data on the resident population by home, gender and age (community profile). Statistical Office of the Canton of Zurich, accessed on December 22, 2019 .
- Linguistic Atlas of German-speaking Switzerland , Volume V 1b.
- Lexicon of Swiss municipality. Edited by the Center de Dialectologie at the University of Neuchâtel under the direction of Andres Kristol. Frauenfeld / Lausanne 2005, p. 491 f.
- Daniel Fritzsche: Skeletons under the singing hall. In: Neue Zürcher Zeitung , No. 146 of June 27, 2018, p. 21; online under the title: Die Toten unter dem Singsaal: A Zurich school surprises archaeologists with a creepy find. On: NZZ online, June 26, 2018.
- Peter Ziegler: The municipal the canton of Zurich. Edited by the Antiquarian Society in Zurich . Coat of arms drawings by Walter Käch and Fritz Brunner. Report House, Zurich 1977, ISBN 3-85572-022-3 , p. 67.
- Numbers and facts. In: www.kuesnacht.ch. Retrieved June 15, 2016 .
- Website of the local museum Küsnacht
- GCK Lions
- Artificial ice rink Küsnacht (KEK)