Tina Turner (* 26. November 1939 as Anna Mae Bullock in Brownsville , Tennessee , United States ) is a singer and actress . In 2013, she became a Swiss citizen , until then she was a US citizen. With over 180 million records sold, she is one of the world's most successful singers.
Childhood and youth
Anna Mae Bullock is the younger of two daughters of the Afro-American couple Floyd Richard Bullock and Zelma Bullock, b. Currie, a worker of Indian descent. She was born in the basement of Haywood Memorial Hospital in Brownsville; the basement was intended for racial segregation for African Americans. Little Anna Mae gained her first experience as a singer in the choir of the Baptist Church in Nutbush (Tennessee) , where she grew up. After a difficult period while her parents separated and she lived with her grandmother Roxanne, she moved to St. Louis in 1955 to live with mother Zelma Bullock and sister Alline .
Ike and Tina Turner
In 1958 she met Ike Turner with his band Kings of Rhythm in St. Louis and became their background singer. Their first son Raymond Craig (1958-2018) comes from a relationship with the saxophonist Raymond Hill . In 1960 she recorded the song A Fool in Love . She stepped in as a solo singer at short notice, as the intended singer Art Lassiter was canceled. The title made it to number 27 on the US charts in August 1960. For reasons of promotion , Ike then gave her the stage name Tina and renamed his band Ike & Tina Turner . Tina and Ike, who by now also had a love affair, went on tour with the Ike & Tina Turner Revue , first in the USA, later also through Europe and Australia. Their son Ronald Renelle was born in October 1960. In 1962 the two married in Tijuana , Mexico. Ike Turner brought two sons into the marriage, born in 1958 and 1959.
The revue was very successful for many years, also financially. The Turners went on tour as an opening act with the Rolling Stones , and Tina Turner recorded the UK-based single River Deep, Mountain High with producer Phil Spector in 1966 , making Ike & Tina Turner much better known in Europe. In 1972 Ike and Tina Turner received a Grammy Award for "Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal" with the song Proud Mary . The song Nutbush City Limits from 1973, which Tina Turner composed and wrote herself, although she had not learned an instrument, reached number 2 in the German single charts and lasted 26 weeks. In 1975 she played the role of Acid Queen in the film adaptation of the rock opera Tommy by The Who .
Parallel to her increasing musical success, problems in her private life with her husband Ike Turner (including domestic violence ), which were in part also attributed to Ike's drug use, increased. In 1976 she finally left her husband and filed for divorce. This became legally binding in 1978. In doing so, she waived all rights to common pieces of music; insisted only on being able to continue to use her stage name. In 1991, Ike and Tina Turner were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame .
As a solo artist, Tina Turner was unable to directly build on the success of the Revue . She earned her money through various tours, the concerts of which, however, usually took place in small rooms in front of often only a few hundred spectators. The album Rough, which was released in 1978, sold very poorly, as did the album Love Explosion , which was released a year later . In these albums she went on excursions to disco music, among other things. Tina Turner gradually worked her way up with her stage programs, especially the Nice-'n'-Rough concerts of the early 1980s. From 1979 she was supported by her new manager, the music producer Roger Davies , who had set himself the goal of bringing Tina Turner out of her career slump. The shows were very well received by the audience and well-known professional colleagues also took notice of them. Tina Turner subsequently made guest appearances with Tom Jones , Rod Stewart , and later with David Bowie , among others , and played in the opening act at some concerts of the Rolling Stones in the USA. The big record companies, however, initially regarded Tina Turner as a barely marketable old star.
In 1982 she participated as one of several guest stars on the album Music of Quality and Distinction by the British Electric Foundation (BEF), which consisted of members of the band Heaven 17 . Tina Turner's version of Ball of Confusion on this album was a surprising hit in Norway. This success and, above all, her vocal performance convinced the producers. At Capitol Records in London Tina Turner then took on a cover version of the Al-Green song Let's Stay Together with the help of BEF , which was released as a single in 1983. Let's Stay Together became a hit in many European countries and reached number six in England, for example. A little later the song reached number 26 on the singles hit parade and number three on the R&B charts. As a result, Capitol Records decided to produce a full album with Tina Turner.
The album Private Dancer was released in 1984. The first single, What's Love Got to Do With It, climbed to number one on the Billboard charts. In February 1985 Tina Turner received three Grammy Awards for best female vocal performance, for record of the year ( What's Love Got to Do with It ) and for best female rock vocal performance (Better Be Good to Me).
1985 Tina Turner played the role of Aunty Entity in the film Mad Max - Beyond Thunderdome ( Mad Max - Beyond Thunderdome, with Mel Gibson ). Years before, she had called herself a big fan of the Mad Max series and named the film Mad Max II - The Executor her favorite film in her biography Ich, Tina . With the title song We Don't Need Another Hero , she had a number one hit in Germany in 1985. In the same year she sang with the charity single We Are the World and started her first European tour.
In 1986 the album Break Every Rule followed , which was very successful commercially. The first part was written and produced exclusively by Terry Britten (What's Love Got to Do with It) . It contains the hit singles Typical Male , Two People and What You Get Is What You See, while the other songs have mostly been forgotten. The second part of the album contains songs by Bryan Adams (Back Where You Started) and Rupert Hine (Break Every Rule) , among others . These songs are also rarely found on best-of albums.
Shortly after the Break Every Rule album was released , the book Ich, Tina - Mein Leben , written by Tina Turner and Kurt Loder , was published.
In 1988 Tina Turner performed in front of 188,000 people at the Maracanã Stadium in Rio de Janeiro , which earned her an entry in the Guinness Book of Records as the solo artist with the largest concert appearance. After she had announced at the release of the live double album Live in Europe that she would go on tour less and withdraw from the music business, she released her next album in 1989 with a subsequent “Farewell” tour: Foreign Affair . Earthy bluesy recordings (Steamy Windows, Undercover Agent for the Blues) with Tony Joe White alternate with mainstream pop productions. The tour took them through Europe and was a huge success. Tina Turner held the record for the world's top-selling tour for a short time - until the Rolling Stones took over this record in 1989 with their “Steel Wheels” tour.
1990s until today
In 1992 the biographical film Tina - What's Love Got to Do with It? as well as the corresponding soundtrack as an album. In addition to new songs, including I Don't Wanna Fight, she also re-recorded the old hits from the time of Ike & Tina Turner. In 1993 she went on tour mainly in the USA for advertising purposes, but she also made six appearances in Europe: four times at Rock over Germany and one each in Basel and Vienna. In 1995 Tina Turner sang the theme song for the James Bond film GoldenEye . This is also included on the 1996 album Wildest Dreams . In 1999 Tina Turner released her last regular album with Twenty Four Seven . In 2000 she went on tour with the “24/7 Tour” - according to her information at the time, for the last time. It was the most complex tour in North America and Europe to date.
In autumn 2004 a new single was released with Open Arms , which can be found with two other previously unreleased songs on Turner's second greatest hits collection All the Best . In 2005 Tina Turner should play the role of an Indian goddess (Kali) in the film The Goddess ; However, after the death of producer and director Ismail Merchant, it is not clear whether the film will ever be completed and published . In April 2006, the single Teach Me Again was released, which Turner recorded with the Italian singer Elisa Toffoli . 2007 sang Turner on Herbie Hancock CD River: The Joni Letters the song Edith and the Kingpin .
Tina Turner performed with Beyoncé Knowles at the 2008 Grammy Awards Gala on February 10, 2008 and delighted the audience. One day after the 2008 Grammy Awards, Tina Turner performed at the Russian energy company Gazprom's 15th anniversary celebration in Russia. At the end of the five-hour concert she sang her hits Private Dancer and The Best, among others . While recording the Oprah Winfrey Show on April 28, 2008, Turner announced that they would be touring again. The Tina !: 50th Anniversary Tour began in North America in October 2008, and tickets went on sale on May 12th. The opening concert in Kansas on October 1st was sold out in just two minutes. Due to the good advance sales, the number of Germany concerts on the 2009 tour was increased from the originally planned seven to sixteen. The first appearance took place on January 14th in the Kölnarena . Again, Tina Turner was supported by John Miles . With the 90th appearance of the current tour (a catch-up date in Sheffield ) Tina Turner ended her stage career on May 5, 2009 at the age of 69.
As Tina Turner announced in her autobiography Ich, Tina (1985), after her career as a singer she wanted to pass on to others the spiritual knowledge that had helped her in life. Tina Turner released the album Beyond in June 2009 together with the yoga teacher and music therapist Regula Curti and the mantra singer Dechen Shak-Dagsay . It contains spiritual, Buddhist and Christian chants. The artists want the entire income to flow into projects promoting peace between different cultures and spirituality in education, training and research for children and young people. On October 7, 2011, the album Children Beyond was released. It contains spiritual chants and mantras from different religions sung by children. The Christian Regula Curti and the native Tibetan Buddhist Dechen Shak-Dagsay took part in the album with singing and Tina Turner - who is also a practicing Buddhist - with singing and speaking. In June 2014, Love Within - Beyond, the third album in the Beyond series, was released. For this album, the team was expanded to include a young Indian woman named Shende-Sathaye, who is named as an interpreter on all tracks on the album.
In spring 2018 the musical Tina - The Tina Turner Musical premiered at London's Aldwych Theater . It was authorized and co-designed by Tina Turner. In March 2019 it celebrated its German premiere on the Hamburg Reeperbahn in the Operettenhaus .
Tina Turner was born in the United States in 1939. She spent a large part of her life there. For a few years she lived in Cologne with her German partner, the former music manager Erwin Bach. The couple have lived permanently in Switzerland since 1994 .
Turner has two biological and two adopted children: son Craig (born 1958, died by suicide in 2018 ) came from an affair with saxophone player Raymond Hill. Son Ronald "Ronnie" Renelle (born 1960) is the only child from the marriage with Ike Turner. Ike Jr. (born 1958) and his brother Michael (born 1959) came from Ike Turner's first marriage to Lorraine Taylor and were adopted by Turner.
In January 2010 Tina Turner won the SwissAward in the Show category at a gala event on Swiss television in Zurich . She said in an interview that she was proud to have received the award as a non-Swiss woman. You feel connected to Switzerland. In January 2013, she was granted cantonal citizenship and the federal naturalization permit, making her a Swiss citizen . In October 2013, Turner gave up her US citizenship. Her press spokeswoman confirmed to an English-language Swiss online newspaper that the waiver was related to the stricter rules of the US authorities on the taxation of Americans living abroad.
In 2013 Tina Turner married her German partner Erwin Bach, who was 16 years her junior, initially in a civil ceremony in her community in Küsnacht. On July 21, 2013, a Buddhist wedding ceremony was celebrated on their rented property on Lake Zurich . The couple have another residence in Villefranche-sur-Mer on the Côte d'Azur .
The one-class school she attended, Flagg Grove School in Nutbush, was due to be demolished. To prevent that from happening, fans raised money and transported the building on a flatbed truck to the grounds of the Museum of the Culture of West Tennessee in Brownsville. After the complete renovation, a Tina Turner Museum was opened there on September 26, 2014.
With the publication of her second autobiography ( My Love Story ) in October 2018, it was revealed that Turner had suffered a stroke in 2013 and had colon cancer in 2016 . In 2017, she survived severe kidney damage thanks to her husband's organ donation after homeopathic treatment led to massive deterioration.
Turner is a supporter of the new religious movement Sōka Gakkai International . Her fortune was estimated at 225 million Swiss francs by the Swiss business magazine Bilanz in 2019 .
- 1972: Grammy Award for Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal with the song Proud Mary
- 1985: Grammy Award 4 times in the categories:
- Record of the Year and Best Female Pop Vocal Performance with the song What's Love Got to Do with It
- Best Female Rock Vocal Performance with the song Better Be Good to Me
- Best female R&B vocal performance with the song Let's Stay Together
- Best Female Rock Vocal Performance with the song One Of the Living
- 1985: MTV Video Music Awards 3 times in the categories
- Best female video with the song What's Love Got to Do with It
- Best stage performance with the song Better Be Good to Me
- Best choreography with the song Private Dancer
- 1986: Best Stage Performance in a Video with the song It's Only Love (in a duet with Bryan Adams )
- 1986: Honored on the Hollywood Walk of Fame
- 1987: Grammy Award for Best Female Rock Vocal Performance with the song Back Where You Started
- 1989: Grammy Award for Best Female Rock Vocal Performance with the live album Tina Live in Europe
- 1991: Induced into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame with her ex-husband, Ike, who was not yet released from prison
- 1991: World Music Awards : Award for Outstanding Contribution to Music
- 1995: World Music Awards : Received The Legend Award
- 2005: Awarded the Kennedy Prize
- 2008: Grammy Award for Album of the Year with the album River: The Joni Letters by Herbie Hancock , on which Tina Turner sang the song Edith and Kingpin
- 2010: Awarded the SwissAward in the "Show" category
- The Rolling Stone listed Turner at 63rd place of the 100 greatest musicians and 17th of the 100 best singers of all time .
- 1974: Tina Turns the Country On!
- 1975: Acid Queen
- 1978: Rough
- 1979: Love Explosion
- 1984: Private Dancer
- 1986: Break Every Rule
- 1989: Foreign Affair
- 1991: Simply the Best (compilation)
- 1993: What's Love Got to Do with It (Soundtrack)
- 1996: Wildest Dreams
- 1999: Twenty Four Seven
- 2004: All the Best (compilation)
- 2008: Tina
- 2009: Beyond
- 2011: Children Beyond
- 2014: Love Songs (compilation)
- 2014: Love Within - Beyond
- 1971: Ike & Tina Turner - Live in '71
- 1975: Tommy - rock opera from The Who
- 1979: Wild Lady of Rock
- 1982: Nice and Rough Live
- 1984: Private Dancer
- 1985: Private Dancer Tour
- 1985: Mad Max - Beyond the Thunderdome
- 1987: What You See Is What You Get
- 1987: Break Every Rule
- 1988: In Rio '88
- 1990: Tina Live in Barcelona (Do You Want Some Action?)
- 1990: Foreign Affair
- 1991: Simply the Best - The Video Collection
- 1993: Tina - What's Love Got to Do with It? - Film adaptation of her biography, with Angela Bassett
- 1993: Last Action Hero
- 1993: The Girl from Nutbush
- 1993: What's Love Got to Do with It - film
- 1994: What's Love? Live!
- 1996: Wildest Dreams Tour Live in Amsterdam
- 1997: Tina Turner Behind the Dreams
- 1999: VH1 Diva's Live
- 2000: Celebrate! - The Best from Tina Turner (Birthday Concert)
- 2000: One Last Time Live in Concert Wembley Stadium
- 2005: All the Best - The Live Collection
- 2009: Tina Live 2009 (Gelredome)
- Tina Turner, Kurt Loder: Me, Tina - my life. Goldmann, Munich 1986, ISBN 3-442-30078-9 .
- Tina Turner (with Dominik Wichmann and Deborah Davis ): My Love Story - Tina Turner - The Autobiography. Penguin Verlag, Munich 2018, ISBN 978-3-328-60059-6 .
- Tina Turner: That's my life. The Tina Turner Birthday Collectible. Looping Group, 2019, ISBN 978-3-9821388-0-0 .
- Bart Mills: Tina Turner. From country girl to rock lady. Droemer Knaur, Düsseldorf 1985, ISBN 3-426-02346-6 .
- Karin Aderhold: Tina Turner. Ravensburger Buchverlag , Ravensburg 1991, ISBN 3-473-54082-X .
- Angela Schöneck: Tina Turner. Queen of Rock. Econ, Düsseldorf 1996, ISBN 3-612-12018-2 .
- Eddy Hampton Armani: The Real T. My 22 Years with Tina Turner. Blake Publishing, London 1998, ISBN 1-85782-183-1 .
- Mark Bego: Tina Turner - The Biography . Hannibal Verlag, Höfen 2009, ISBN 978-3-85445-310-9 (Original edition: Tina Turner: The Biography )
- Tina Turner in the Munzinger archive ( beginning of article freely available) ( Munzinger Pop )
- Tina Turner in the Munzinger archive ( beginning of article freely available) ( Munzinger Personen )
- Tina Turner in the Internet Movie Database (English)
- Literature by and about Tina Turner in the catalog of the German National Library
- Publications by and about Tina Turner in the Helveticat catalog of the Swiss National Library
- Official site of Tina Turner
- Alex Gernandt: Tina Turner's 75th birthday, the survivor. one day , November 26, 2014.
- Tina Turner at laut.de
- Andrea Klasen: November 26th, 1939 - birthday of the singer Tina Turner WDR ZeitZeichen from November 26th, 2014 (podcast)
- ^ Tina Turner, Kurt Loder: I, Tina. William Morrow and Company, New York 1986, p. 4.
- ↑ Information about the tour and the record sales . expressandstar.com. Retrieved November 26, 2009.
- ↑ Information on Tina Turner's record sales ( Memento from August 29, 2014 in the Internet Archive )
- ↑ Overview: Tina Turner in the charts. Tina Turner in the German single charts in 1973.
- ↑ Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, Ike and Tina Turner in the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.
- ↑ norwegiancharts.com
- ↑ Blick.ch - Rock Omas rock the stage - February 11, 2008
- ↑ AFP - Deep Purple and Tina Turner rock for Russia - February 11, 2008. ( Memento from January 26, 2009 in the Internet Archive )
- ↑ Tina Turner Says She'll Tour Again . ReviewJournal.com
- ^ Tina Turner: Turner To Tour Again . Contactmusic
- ↑ Tina Turner Adds Second KC Concert Date - Kansas City Tour Opener Sells Out In Two Minutes ( Memento from December 27, 2008 in the Internet Archive )
- ↑ Zeitsprung: On 05/05/2009 Tina Turner is their last concert. In: uDiscover Germany. May 3, 2019, accessed June 9, 2019 .
- ↑ Monday down, yoga and soothing sounds !!! on Laila's music blog
- ↑ The rock singer Tina Turner turns 75 - an appreciation .
- ↑ Germany premiere Tina Turner Musical comes to Hamburg in 2019. ZEIT Online, September 18, 2018, accessed October 26, 2018 .
- ↑ sda : Tina Turner becomes Swiss . In: Tages-Anzeiger . January 25, 2013. Retrieved November 14, 2013.
- ↑ chk / sda : Tina Turner returns US passport . In: Tages-Anzeiger . November 14, 2013. Retrieved November 14, 2013.
- ↑ Here Tina Turner gets the Swiss passport. In: Blick.ch from April 24, 2013.
- ↑ To renounce, go underground or move back to the US - the Americans' dilemma. ( Memento of the original from May 10, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. At: genevalunch.com. January 29, 2013, accessed April 28, 2013.
- ↑ Tina Turner announces her lake view for the wedding. In: NZZ.ch. July 21, 2013.
- ^ Dream wedding of Tina Turner (73) and Erwin Bach (57). A kiss for the bride. In: Blick.ch from July 22, 2013.
- ^ Flagg Grove School. On: tinaturnerheritagedays.com.
- ↑ Tina Turner gets her own museum. On: tz.de. Munich, September 26, 2014.
- ^ Tina Turner museum a 'dream come true'. In: JacksonSun.com. September 27, 2014.
- ↑ https://www.vip.de/vips/tina-turner-t2714.html found at vip.de, accessed on October 22, 2019
- ↑ Tina Turner: "The thought that I am dying is okay" . In: Spiegel Online . October 10, 2018 ( spiegel.de [accessed October 17, 2018]).
- ↑ Tina Turner: "I'm glad that I was strong enough for this life" . In: Zeit Online . ( zeit.de [accessed October 17, 2018]).
- ↑ https://www.worldtribune.org/2018/07/queen-hope-tina-turner/
- ↑ Tina Turner. In: Bilanz , as of November 2017, accessed on June 26, 2020.
- ↑ 100 Greatest Artists of All Time. Rolling Stone , December 2, 2010, accessed August 8, 2017 .
- ↑ 100 Greatest Singers of All Time. Rolling Stone , December 2, 2010, accessed August 8, 2017 .
- ↑ TINA TURNER. Retrieved January 23, 2020 (American English).
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Bullock, Anna Mae (maiden name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||American-Swiss singer and actress|
|DATE OF BIRTH||November 26, 1939|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Nutbush (Tennessee) , United States|