Tijuana on the map of Baja California
|City foundation||July 11, 1889|
|- in the metropolitan area||2,018,253|
|surface||637 km 2|
|Population density||2212 inhabitants / km 2|
|Post Code||22000, 22200, 22127, 22440, 22444, 22650|
|Time zone||UTC −8|
Tijuana [ tixwana ] is a city in northwestern Mexico in the state of Baja California on the coast of the Pacific . The population in 2019 was approximately 1.902 million local people and over 2.3 million in the metropolitan area . The city, which is just 18 miles south of downtown and right on the southern border of the US city of San Diego , is a major destination for tourists and travelers from Southern California . Tijuana is part of the metropolitan area of San Diego – Tijuana and the megalopolis of Southern California, which begins north of Los Angeles and extends into the Mojave Desert .
The city is right on the border with the USA . Tijuana's international airport, General Abelardo L. Rodriguez International Airport , is served by the airlines Volaris , Aeroméxico , Interjet , Viva Aerobus and Calafia Airlines from 20 destinations in the north and center of Mexico. The airport is right outside the US border fence (across the street); there is a paid pedestrian bridge to a terminal (collectively Cross Border Xpress, "CBX") on the US side.
Population development of the city
Population development in the metropolitan area
Tijuana is divided into 9 delegations with their own administration:
- Cerro Colorado
- La Mesa
- La Presa
- La Presa Este (East La Presa)
- Otay Centenario (merger of the former Mesa de Otay and Centenario delegations)
- Playas de Tijuana
- San Antonio de los Buenos
- Sánchez Taboada
Average monthly temperatures and rainfall for Tijuana
- The famous battle between the Tijuana cartel and the rival Juárez cartel was portrayed by Hollywood in 2000 in the film Traffic .
- On the album Tijuana Moods , recorded in 1957 and published in 1962, the American double bass player and composer Charles Mingus musically processed the impressions of his visit to Tijuana.
- The singer Manu Chao dealt with the city's problems in the song "Welcome to Tijuana".
- The song "Tijuana Lady" by the band Gomez is part of the soundtrack for the film "Lost Souls" with Winona Ryder and Ben Chaplin .
- The city-based band Tijuana No! dedicates her socially critical texts to various problems in Mexican and US politics.
- In the 1920s and 1930s, Tijuana supposedly had the "largest bar in the world" with the Mexicali Beer Hall .
- In Tijuana there is a large German school (Deutsches College Cuauhtemoc Hank)
- Marsimoto's second video release from the album Ring der Nebelungen is titled Tijuana Flow
The city of Tijuana maintains the following city partnerships:
sons and daughters of the town
- Elsa Cárdenas (* 1935), actress
- Gabino Zavala (* 1951), Roman Catholic auxiliary bishop in Los Angeles
- Lupita D'Alessio (* 1954), actress and singer
- Luis Alberto Urrea (* 1955), Mexican-American writer
- Francisco Blake Mora (1966–2011), politician
- Raúl Pérez (* 1967), Superbantam and Bantamweight boxer
- José Quirino (* 1968), super flyweight boxer
- Marco Antonio Regil (* 1969), television presenter
- Julieta Venegas (* 1970), singer-songwriter
- Nicho El Millionaro (born 1971), wrestler
- Mayra García (* 1972), beach volleyball player
- Erik Morales (* 1976), professional boxer
- Alejandro García (* 1979), light middleweight boxer and two-time WBA world champion
- Diego Morales (* 1979), super flyweight boxer
- Fernando Arce (* 1980), football player
- Jorge Torres Nilo (* 1988), football player
- Moisés Velasco (* 1989), football player
- Héctor Herrera (* 1990), football player
- Tigre Hank (born 1991), tennis player
- Javier Mendoza (* 1991), boxer and IBF light flyweight world champion
- Luis Nery (* 1994), boxer and WBC bantamweight world champion
- Christian Carolina Jaramillo Quintero (* 1994), national soccer player
- Lucas Gómez (* 1995), tennis player
- Jaime Munguía (* 1996), light middleweight boxer
- T. D Proffitt: Tijuana: A Mexican Metropolis. San Diego State University, San Diego 1994, ISBN 1879691019
- Tijuana Official Website (Spanish)
- CIA World Factbook: Mexico , Central Intelligence Agency , accessed October 25, 2017
- dangerous city in the world 2019 . In: Stern.de . ( stern.de [accessed on August 26, 2019]).
- https://www.google.com/flights?lite=0#flt=TIJ..2019-05-12*.TIJ.2019-05-16;c:USD;e:1;s:0*0 ; sd: 1; er: 111938016.-1214716797.380431496.-961152344; t: e
- Mexico: States and Cities - Population Statistics in Maps and Tables. Retrieved July 26, 2018 .
- World Urbanization Prospects - Population Division - United Nations. Retrieved July 23, 2018 .
- menu http://www.tijuana.gob.mx/delegacion/lapresaalr.aspx