Municipio (Mexico)

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State Number of Municipios
Aguascalientes Aguascalientes 011
Baja California Baja California 005
Baja California Sur Baja California Sur 005
Campeche Campeche 011
Chiapas Chiapas 124
Chihuahua Chihuahua 067
Coahuila Coahuila 038
Colima Colima 010
Durango Durango 039
Guanajuato Guanajuato 046
Guerrero Guerrero 081
Hidalgo Hidalgo 084
Jalisco Jalisco 125
México (state) México 125
Michoacan Michoacan 113
Morelos Morelos 033
Nayarit Nayarit 020th
Nuevo León Nuevo León 051
Oaxaca Oaxaca 570
Puebla Puebla 217
Querétaro Querétaro 018th
Quintana Roo Quintana Roo 011
San Luis Potosí San Luis Potosí 058
Sinaloa Sinaloa 018th
Sonora Sonora 072
Tabasco Tabasco 017th
Tamaulipas Tamaulipas 043
Tlaxcala Tlaxcala 060
Veracruz Veracruz 212
Yucatan Yucatan 106
Zacatecas Zacatecas 058

A Mexican Municipio is an administrative district in the North American state of Mexico , comparable to a district or municipality in Germany. It is the second highest level of subdivision after the Estado .

Political structure

Palacio Municipal des Municipio Ecatepec de Morelos , the most populous of the country with 1,656,107 inhabitants (2010), in the state of México

A municipality is an independent administrative unit, as long as it does not affect national or federal territories. The concept is enshrined in Article 115 of the Mexican Constitution under the name Municipio Libre . Each municipality is presided over by an Ayuntamiento , who is determined in free and secret ballot and whose supreme representative is the Presidente Municipal . He is directly elected and cannot be re-elected in the following legislative period, but can be re-elected at a later date.

A municipality includes at least one, but usually several settlements ( localidades ). If there are several localidades in a municipality, the largest is usually the seat ( Cabecera ) of Ayuntamiento, to which the others send their elected representatives.


Currently (as of January 1, 2018), 31 states are divided into a total of 2,448 municipalities. The municipality with the largest area is Ensenada in Baja California with 51,952.26 km², the smallest is Natividad in Oaxaca with 2.22 km². Ecatepec de Morelos in México has the highest population with 1,656,107, and Santa Magdalena Jicotlán in Oaxaca has the lowest with 93 (as of 2010 census). The twenty municipalities with the lowest number of inhabitants are all in Oaxaca, the state with the largest number of municipalities (570). Baja California and Baja California Sur have the fewest municipalities with five each.


The municipality is sovereignly responsible for:

  1. Water and sewage
  2. Collection and disposal of waste
  3. Markets and supply centers
  4. Street lighting
  5. Public safety within the meaning of Section 21
  6. traffic
  7. graveyards
  8. Streets, parks and gardens

Furthermore, national or federal tasks can be delegated by the responsible government in coordination. Which includes:

  1. education
  2. Emergency and health services
  3. protection of the environment
  4. Maintenance of monuments and historical sites

Mexico city

Mexico City is an exception and is neither a municipality nor is the city subdivided into such; instead Mexico City is divided into 16 delegaciones .

Web links

Commons : Municipios in Mexico  - Collection of images, videos and audio files