|surface||57,365 km² (rank 18 )|
|population||2,767,761 (ranked 15th )|
|Population density||48 inhabitants per km²
Quirino Ordaz Coppel ( PRI )
Morena = 4
PT = 3
(7 federal constituencies)
Morena = 2
PRI = 1
Map of Sinaloa
Sinaloa [ sinaˈloa ] officially Free and Sovereign State of Sinaloa ( Spanish Estado Libre y Soberano de Sinaloa ) is a state in western Mexico on the Gulf of California . It has about 2.8 million inhabitants on 57,365 km².
With an area of 57,365 km² (roughly the size of Croatia ), Sinaloa is one of the medium-sized Mexican states. The area is bounded to the west - along a 622 km long coastline - by the Gulf of California. It is also bordered by Sonora in the north, Chihuahua and Durango in the east and Nayarit in the south .
Sinaloa is divided into three regions. The flat coastal plain in the west ("Zona de Llanura Costera") covers 46% of the total area. The mountainous north and south-east ("Zona Montañosa"), which makes up 40% of Sinaloas, is part of the Sierra Madre Occidental . The narrow, elongated piece of land in between represents the western foothills of the mountains ("Zona de Pie de Monte") and covers 14% of the area of Sinaloa.
The climate in the entire state is tropical to subtropical with relatively low seasonal temperature fluctuations. The summers are hot with an average of 36 ° C; Temperatures of up to 44 ° C are then possible. Maximum temperatures of over 20 ° C are also reached in winter, but it can cool down to around 10 ° C at night. The annual mean temperature is 25 ° C. The climate is less uniform in terms of precipitation: While the northwest and other parts of the state near the coast have a very dry climate, the east of Sinaloa has a humid climate. The average rainfall in Sinaloa is 790 mm per year.
|Culiacán (60 m above sea level)||20th||21st||22nd||25th||27||30th||30th||30th||30th||29||24||21st|
|Los Mochis (11 m above sea level)||19th||20th||22nd||25th||27||31||32||32||31||29||24||20th|
|El Palmito (2,320 m above sea level)||13||13||14th||17th||18th||20th||18th||19th||19th||18th||15th||14th|
In 2010, Sinaloa had about 2.77 million inhabitants, 50.3% of whom were female and 49.7% of whom were male. The median age was 26 years.
Sinaloa is divided into 18 Municipios .
The Universidad Autónoma de Sinaloa is the “universidad pública”, the public university of the state of Sinaloa.
Sinaloa is much more agricultural than most other Mexican states. The share of the primary sector in the gross domestic product is around 13.0% (national average: 1.6%). With a share of 19.3% of GDP, the secondary sector is comparatively underdeveloped (national average: 34.9%). The tertiary sector is responsible for the largest share of Sinaloa's economy with 67.7% (national average: 63.5%).
With a value of 0.796, Sinaloa was ranked 4th among the 31 states of Mexico in the Human Development Index in 2015 .
Sinaloa's cuisine is particularly rich in fish and seafood obtained from fishing in the Gulf of California. Among other things, shrimp , mussels , oysters and numerous edible fish are processed , as well as poultry .
- Mexico: States and Cities - Population Statistics in Maps and Tables. Retrieved July 27, 2018 .
- Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab. Retrieved August 12, 2018 .