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Sinaloa coat of arms
Vereinigte Staaten Guatemala Belize Honduras El Salvador Baja California Baja California Sur Sonora Chihuahua Sinaloa Durango Coahuila Nuevo Léon Tamaulipas Zacatecas Nayarit Colima Colima Aguascalientes Guanajuato Michoacán Mexiko-Stadt Tlaxcala Morelos Guerrero Michoacán Hidalgo Puebla Querétaro México Jalisco San Luis Potosí Veracruz Oaxaca Tabasco Campeche Chiapas Quintana Roo Campeche Yucatánmap
About this picture
Capital Culiacan
surface 57,365  km² (rank 18 )
population 2,767,761 (ranked 15th )
Population density 48 inhabitants per km²
(2010 census)
governor Quirino Ordaz Coppel ( PRI )
Federal MPs Morena = 4
PT = 3
(7 federal constituencies)
Senators Morena = 2
PRI = 1
ISO 3166-2 MX-SIN
Postal abbreviation Sin.
Map of Sinaloa

Sinaloa [ sinaˈloa ] officially Free and Sovereign State of Sinaloa ( Spanish Estado Libre y Soberano de Sinaloa ) is a state in western Mexico on the Gulf of California . It has about 2.8 million inhabitants on 57,365 km².

The most important cities are the capital Culiacán with about 675,000 inhabitants, Mazatlán , a popular travel destination for tourists from the USA , and Los Mochis in the north of the state.


With an area of ​​57,365 km² (roughly the size of Croatia ), Sinaloa is one of the medium-sized Mexican states. The area is bounded to the west - along a 622 km long coastline - by the Gulf of California. It is also bordered by Sonora in the north, Chihuahua and Durango in the east and Nayarit in the south .

Sinaloa is divided into three regions. The flat coastal plain in the west ("Zona de Llanura Costera") covers 46% of the total area. The mountainous north and south-east ("Zona Montañosa"), which makes up 40% of Sinaloas, is part of the Sierra Madre Occidental . The narrow, elongated piece of land in between represents the western foothills of the mountains ("Zona de Pie de Monte") and covers 14% of the area of ​​Sinaloa.

The climate in the entire state is tropical to subtropical with relatively low seasonal temperature fluctuations. The summers are hot with an average of 36 ° C; Temperatures of up to 44 ° C are then possible. Maximum temperatures of over 20 ° C are also reached in winter, but it can cool down to around 10 ° C at night. The annual mean temperature is 25 ° C. The climate is less uniform in terms of precipitation: While the northwest and other parts of the state near the coast have a very dry climate, the east of Sinaloa has a humid climate. The average rainfall in Sinaloa is 790 mm per year.

Average temperatures in Sinaloa in ° C (reference period 1981-2010)
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Culiacán (60 m above sea level) 20th 21st 22nd 25th 27 30th 30th 30th 30th 29 24 21st
Los Mochis (11 m above sea level) 19th 20th 22nd 25th 27 31 32 32 31 29 24 20th
El Palmito (2,320 m above sea level) 13 13 14th 17th 18th 20th 18th 19th 19th 18th 15th 14th


In 2010, Sinaloa had about 2.77 million inhabitants, 50.3% of whom were female and 49.7% of whom were male. The median age was 26 years.

Licenciado Benito Juárez (Sinaloa) Costa Rica (Sinaloa) Gabriel Leyva Solano (Sinaloa) Navolato Escuinapa de Hidalgo Guamúchil Guasave Los Mochis Mazatlán Culiacán

Population development

year population
1970 1,266,528
1980 1,849,879
1990 2,204,054
1995 2,425,675
2000 2,536,844
2005 2,608,442
2010 2,767,761
2015 2,966,321


Administrative division

Sinaloa is divided into 18 Municipios .



The Universidad Autónoma de Sinaloa is the “universidad pública”, the public university of the state of Sinaloa.

Campus in:


Sinaloa is much more agricultural than most other Mexican states. The share of the primary sector in the gross domestic product is around 13.0% (national average: 1.6%). With a share of 19.3% of GDP, the secondary sector is comparatively underdeveloped (national average: 34.9%). The tertiary sector is responsible for the largest share of Sinaloa's economy with 67.7% (national average: 63.5%).

With a value of 0.796, Sinaloa was ranked 4th among the 31 states of Mexico in the Human Development Index in 2015 .


The organized crime is - as in much of Mexico - a big problem. In some regions of the state, the power of cartels exceeds that of the state. The Sinaloa cartel is known .


Sinaloa's cuisine is particularly rich in fish and seafood obtained from fishing in the Gulf of California. Among other things, shrimp , mussels , oysters and numerous edible fish are processed , as well as poultry .

Web links

Commons : Sinaloa  - collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikivoyage: Sinaloa  - travel guide

Individual evidence

  5. Mexico: States and Cities - Population Statistics in Maps and Tables. Retrieved July 27, 2018 .
  8. ^ Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab. Retrieved August 12, 2018 .

Coordinates: 24 ° 57 '  N , 107 ° 32'  W