Baja California Sur

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Baja California Sur
Baja California Sur Coat of Arms
Vereinigte Staaten Guatemala Belize Honduras El Salvador Baja California Baja California Sur Sonora Chihuahua Sinaloa Durango Coahuila Nuevo Léon Tamaulipas Zacatecas Nayarit Colima Colima Aguascalientes Guanajuato Michoacán Mexiko-Stadt Tlaxcala Morelos Guerrero Michoacán Hidalgo Puebla Querétaro México Jalisco San Luis Potosí Veracruz Oaxaca Tabasco Campeche Chiapas Quintana Roo Campeche Yucatánmap
About this picture
Capital La Paz
surface 73,475 km² (rank 9 )
population 637.026 (Rank 32 )
Population density 8.7 inhabitants per km²
(2010 census)
governor Carlos Mendoza Davis ( PAN )
Federal MPs Morena = 2
PT = 1
(2 federal constituencies)
Senators Morena = 2
PAN = 1
ISO 3166-2 MX-BCS
Postal abbreviation BCS

Baja California Sur ( BCS ;  [ ˈbaxa kaliˈfoɾnja suɾ ] , Spanish for " Southern Baja California "), officially Free and Sovereign State of Baja California Sur ( Spanish Estado Libre y Soberano de Baja California Sur ) is a Mexican state (since October 8, 1974 ). It forms the southern part of the peninsula Baja California (Span .: Baja California ) and covers 73,475 square kilometers with about 712,000 inhabitants. The capital is La Paz . In the north it borders on the state of Baja California (BC) , as the entire peninsula is named . Please click to listen!Play

With a value of 0.799, Baja California Sur ranks second among the 31 states of Mexico in the human development index in 2018 .


Sights and nature

One of the attractions of Baja California Sur are the cave paintings in the Mulegé area. The bizarre rocky mountain ranges south of Loreto are also unique. These are due to the volcanic origin of the peninsula, as can be seen on the Caldera Aguajito .

Typical Baja California landscape

It is one of the regions with the lowest rainfall in the world. This is how the numerous desert areas can be explained. Since the peninsula is relatively narrow, these desert areas were always populated by the indigenous people. Even today there are numerous places there.

Of particular importance is the Laguna ojo de liebre ( ojo de liebre , Spanish for "eye of the hare"), part of the El Vizcaíno biosphere reserve . The bay of the Pacific Ocean and the lagoons are not only a habitat for four species of sea ​​turtles , but above all one of the most important migration sites for gray whales . In winter, 300–400 whales migrate from their summer quarters in the North Pacific to this and other lagoons to give birth to their young protected from predators and the weather.

Every year the Baja 500 and Baja 1000 rallies attract numerous interested parties from all over the world. The Baja 1000 is likely to be the most famous desert race in the world after the Dakar .

Population development

year Pop.
1980 0215.139
1990 0317.764
1995 0375.494
2000 0424.041
2005 0512.170
2010 0637.026
2015 0712.029

cities and communes

Borders of the Municipios in Baja California Sur

The state of Baja California Sur is divided into five administrative districts ( Municipios ) :

No. Municipio Administrative headquarters Pop.
001 Comondú Ciudad Constitución 070,816
002 Mulegé Santa Rosalía 059.114
003 La Paz La Paz 251,871
008 Los Cabos San Jose del Cabo 238,487
009 Loreto Loreto 016,738

The five administrative districts are made up of 5044 localities (Spanish localidades ) (including 18 urban = urban), which include rural communities ( pueblos ), farms ( ranchos, haciendas ) and other detached buildings (mills, post stations, gas stations, etc.) . As a middle level, there are still 27 delegaciones , which in turn are divided into subdelegaciones (2005).

Largest cities are La Paz (215,178 inhabitants), San José del Cabo (69,788), Cabo San Lucas (68,463), Colonia del Sol (48,032), Ciudad Constitución (40,935), Loreto (14,724), Guerrero Negro (13,054), Santa Rosalía (11,765), Las Palmas (11,562), Las Veredas (10,478).

Another eight (urban) localities have more than 2500 inhabitants.

Web links

Commons : Baja California Sur  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ History (TV station) : Baja California Sur
  2. ^ Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab. Retrieved August 12, 2018 .
  3. Mexico: States and Cities - Population Statistics in Maps and Tables. Retrieved July 28, 2018 .
  4. Censo de Población y Vivienda 2010

Coordinates: 25 ° 51 ′  N , 111 ° 58 ′  W