Chihuahua (state)

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Chihuahua coat of arms
Vereinigte Staaten Guatemala Belize Honduras El Salvador Baja California Baja California Sur Sonora Chihuahua Sinaloa Durango Coahuila Nuevo Léon Tamaulipas Zacatecas Nayarit Colima Colima Aguascalientes Guanajuato Michoacán Mexiko-Stadt Tlaxcala Morelos Guerrero Michoacán Hidalgo Puebla Querétaro México Jalisco San Luis Potosí Veracruz Oaxaca Tabasco Campeche Chiapas Quintana Roo Campeche Yucatánmap
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Capital Chihuahua
surface 247,938 km² (rank 1 )
population 3,406,465 (Rank 11 )
Population density 13.7 inhabitants per km²
(2010 census)
governor Javier Corral Jurado ( PRI )
(2016-2022)Template: future / in 2 years
Federal MPs Morena = 4
PAN = 3
PT = 1
MC = 1
(9 federal constituencies)
Senators Morena = 2
PAN = 1
ISO 3166-2 MX-CHH
Postal abbreviation Chih.

Chihuahua [ tʃiˈwawa ], officially Free and Sovereign State of Chihuahua ( Spanish Estado Libre y Soberano de Chihuahua ) is the largest state of Mexico with 247,938 km² and has about 3.4 million inhabitants. It is bordered by Sonora to the west, the United States ( New Mexico and Texas ) to the north, Coahuila to the east, Sinaloa to the southwest , and Durango to the south . The largest city is not the capital Chihuahua , but Ciudad Juárez , on the Río Bravo del Norte across from El Paso . Chihuahua is further subdivided into 67 Municipios .


The state is occupied by a desert-like high plateau that slopes sharply to the west. In these mountains is also the state's biggest tourist attraction, the picturesque Barranca del Cobre ("Copper Gorge"). The north of the state is formed by the Chihuahua Desert , which also almost completely occupies the neighboring state of Coahuila and parts of the southern USA .


year population
1970 1,612,525
1980 2,005,477
1990 2,441,873
1995 2,793,537
2000 3,052,907
2005 3,241,444
2010 3,406,465
2015 3,556,574

The most conspicuous, wealthiest and most notable population group of Chihuahuas are the German-born and German-speaking Mennonites. From 1920 they founded various Protestant-Mennonite parishes and colonies in northern Mexico. The colonies are often also agricultural cooperatives. In the meantime, the number of Mennonites has increased from 7,000 to 80,000 due to their large number of children. Their services are similar to those of Lutherans, but they practice adult baptism and are particularly peace-loving. That is why they refuse any kind of military service. Low German is everyday language; Standard German is spoken in church services and taught in school. There is a German-language magazine and several newsletters as well as a radio program in German.

Web links

Commons : Chihuahua (state)  - collection of images

Individual evidence

  1. Mexico: States and Cities - Population Statistics in Maps and Tables. Retrieved July 26, 2018 .
  2. Federal Foreign Office: cultural preservation project “Wir räde” - We speak - video and photo documentation of the Plautdietschen language of the Mennonites in Mexico. Retrieved June 21, 2020 .

Coordinates: 28 ° 49 ′  N , 106 ° 26 ′  W