|surface||80,175 km² (rank 7 )|
|population||3,268,554 (Rank 13 )|
|Population density||40.8 inhabitants per km²
Francisco García Cabeza de Vaca ( PAN )
PES = 4
PAN = 2
MC = 1
Morena = 1
PT = 1
(9 federal constituencies)
Morena = 2
PAN = 1
Tamaulipas [ tamau̯ˈlipas ], officially Free and Sovereign State of Tamaulipas ( Spanish Estado Libre y Soberano de Tamaulipas ), (derived from Ta ma ho'lipam - "where Lipan pray") is a federal state in northeast Mexico south of the mouth of the Rio Grande in the Gulf of Mexico . It has approx. 3.3 million inhabitants (2010) on 80,175 km². The capital is Ciudad Victoria .
Due to the long border with Texas , border traffic is of particular importance, in the border towns of Nuevo Laredo , Reynosa and Matamoros there are also many maquiladoras ( industrial companies outsourced from the USA ). The port city of Tampico is also economically important further south.
The state of Tamaulipas is divided into 43 Municipios .
In 1774 the area was organized as a political entity and was originally called Nuevo Santander . The northern border was originally on the Nueces River in what is now Texas , until the Rio Grande was defined as the northern border of Mexico in the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo . This also explains the curious borderline in the northwest.
Around 2010, Tamaulipas came into international media interest several times in connection with the drug war in Mexico , for example in the course of the murder of Rodolfo Torre Cantús and the San Fernando massacre .
|Ciudad Río Bravo||80.140||95,647|
|Ciudad Miguel Inglés||18,368||19,997|
- State homepage (Spanish)