The Grammy Awards ( Grammys for short ; proper spelling "GRAMMY Awards") are music prizes that have been presented annually since 1959 by the Recording Academy in Los Angeles in 84 categories to artists such as singers , composers , musicians, as well as production managers and sound engineering . The 62nd Grammy Awards took place on January 26, 2020 .
The award is considered the highest international award for artists and recording teams. Its importance is comparable to the Oscar in the film industry. The corresponding trophy is a gramophone sculpture with a shiny gold design.
Publications from October of the year before last up to and including September of the previous year are eligible for an award. So if an album was released in October 2002, for example, it couldn't get the Grammy in 2003, but only in 2004. In each category, five candidates are nominated by a jury; in the event of a tie, more or fewer candidates can result. The nomination lists will be published in January. The final winners will not be announced until the official award ceremony in early February.
Submission process and selection of nominees
All media companies that are registered with the Recording Academy can submit recordings, as well as individual artists and other professionals working in the music industry who meet certain criteria. Submissions are made online, and a physical copy (usually a CD) must also be sent to NARAS. Once a recording is submitted, review sessions are held, attended by more than 150 music industry experts, to determine if the work was submitted in the correct category.
The resulting lists of eligible entries are distributed to the voting members, each of whom can vote for nomination in the general areas ( recording of the year , album of the year , song of the year and best new artist ), but no more than 9 fields of the total of 30 on his or her voting slip.
The five recordings that receive the most votes in each category will be nominated. For some special categories, however, there are separate evaluation committees that determine the final five nominees.
While Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences members who award the Oscars are typically invited to screenings or receive DVDs of the Oscar-nominated films, NARAS members do not receive nominated recordings. Instead, they get access to private online listening.
After the nominations have been completed, the voting slips for the final election of the winners will be sent to the voting members of NARAS, who are then again not allowed to tick more than 9 of the 30 boxes in the general areas. The members are asked to vote only in their respective areas of expertise. The vote is secret and is monitored by the independent auditing company Deloitte .
After the votes have been counted, the winners of the Grammy Awards will be announced. The entry with the most votes in a category wins, those who do not receive a medal for their nomination.
In both selection rounds, Academy members are only allowed to vote on the basis of quality criteria. You must not allow yourself to be influenced by sales figures, chart successes, personal friendships, regional preferences or loyalty to a particular company. The acceptance of gifts is prohibited. Members are asked to vote in such a way that the integrity of the Academy and its membership community is preserved. The registered media companies can submit contributions, but they are not allowed to take part in either of the two votes.
Recordings that were released between October 1, 2016 and September 30, 2017 could be submitted to the 60th Grammy Awards.
Course of the show
In 2013 there were Grammys in 81 categories. 70 award winners were announced in Los Angeles that afternoon in quick succession in a so-called pre-telecast ceremony . This was broadcast live on the Internet. Usually not all nominees are present, so representatives of the Recording Academy accept some of the prizes on their behalf.
The lavish three-hour television show in the evening is limited to the main categories. Some of the nominated artists appear here as well as superstars from the pop industry who are neither among the nominees nor among the winners. The Grammys of the individual categories are announced and presented by different celebrity couples.
In addition to these main prizes for recordings and works from a specific year, there are also several general personal prizes, the most famous of which is the Lifetime Achievement Award . There is also the Grammy Trustees Award , the Technical Grammy Award , the Grammy Legend Award and the MusiCares Person of the Year Award .
In 1973 the Grammy Hall of Fame was also established. Since then, songs and albums have been recorded there that are at least 25 years old and have a special qualitative or historical significance. Since 2000 there has also been a similar award specifically for the field of Latin American music, the Latin Grammy .
The classical conductor Sir Georg Solti received the most Grammys by a single artist at the age of 31, including a Lifetime Achievement Award and six more for sound engineers and one for a soloist in his recordings. Since over 20 of these Grammys were awarded for his recordings with the Chicago Symphony Orchestra , this is the musical grouping with the most Grammys, currently (as of: including 2010) 60. Country musician Alison Krauss is the most successful interpreter with 27 awards; the band with the most Grammys is U2 ; they received the trophy 22 times.
Michael Jackson holds eight Grammy wins out of twelve nominations at the 1984 Grammy Awards, both the highest number of awards and the highest number of nominations for a single event. Eric Clapton received six Grammys in 1993 for his album Unplugged , the ballad Tears In Heaven and for the acoustic version of his hit Layla . Carlos Santana also received eight Grammys out of ten nominations in 2000 . The American rock band Toto made it to six Grammys in 1983 and was just as successful as Beyoncé Knowles in 2010 , who was nominated ten times that year. She shares this top spot with Lauryn Hill , who succeeded in 1999. Adele was nominated six times in 2012 and won all nominations. In 2020, then 18-year-old Billie Eilish won five Grammys, including all four main categories, with six nominations.
Grammy award winners from German-speaking countries
The following lists include Grammy Award winners from Germany, Austria and Switzerland. They list the year of award, artist, category, and award-winning work. The number in brackets after the artist stands for the number of awards that the respective artist received.
|1963||Otto Klemperer||Best Classical Performance - Choral Other Than Opera||Bach : St. Matthew Passion|
|1966||Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau||Best Opera Recording||Berg : Wozzeck|
|1966||Fritz Wunderlich||Best Opera Recording||Berg: Wozzeck|
|1967||Klaus Voormann||Best Album Cover, Graphic Arts||Revolver ( The Beatles )|
|1973||Klaus Voormann (2)||Album of the Year||The Concert for Bangla Desh|
|1975||Ulf Hoelscher||Best Album Notes - Classical||The Classic Erich Wolfgang Korngold|
|1976||Silver Convention||Best R&B Instrumental Performance||Fly, Robin, Fly|
|1978||Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau (2)||Best Classical Album||Concert of the Century|
|1979||Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra||Best Classical Orchestral Performance||Beethoven : Symphonies 1-9 (complete recording)|
|1980||Claus Ogerman||Best instrumental arrangement||Soulful Strut ( George Benson )|
|1981||Toni Blankenheim||Best Opera Recording||Berg: Lulu|
|1981||Günther Breest||Best Opera Recording||Berg: Lulu|
|1981||Michael Horwath||Best Opera Recording||Berg: Lulu|
|1981||Hanna Schwarz||Best Opera Recording||Berg: Lulu|
|1986||Harold Faltermeyer||Best Score Soundtrack for Visual Media||Beverly Hills Cop (OST)|
|1994||Anne-Sophie mother||Best Classical Performance-Instrumental Soloist (with Orchestra)||Berg: Violin Concerto / Rihm: Time Chant|
|1994||Hans Zimmer||Best Instrumental Arrangement with Accompanying Vocals||The Lion King (OST)|
|1994||Hans Zimmer (2)||Best Musical Album for Children||The Lion King (OST)|
|1995||Hansjörg Schellenberger||Best Chamber Music Performance||Beethoven / Mozart : Quintets (Chicago-Berlin)|
|1996||Hans Zimmer (3)||Best Score Soundtrack for Visual Media||Crimson Tide - In Deepest Danger (OST)|
|1998||René Pape||Best Opera Recording||Wagner : The Mastersingers of Nuremberg|
|2000||Berlin Philharmonic (2)||Best Classical Vocal Performance||Mahler : The boy's magic horn|
|2000||Anne-Sophie Mutter (2)||Best Chamber Music Performance||Beethoven: Violin Sonatas|
|2000||Thomas Quasthoff||Best Classical Vocal Performance||Mahler: The boy's magic horn|
|2001||Berlin Philharmonic (3)||Best orchestral performance||Mahler: Symphony No. 10|
|2001||Philipp Nedel||Best Small Ensemble Performance||Raskatov , Silvestrov & Schnittke ; After Mozart|
|2001||Helmuth Rilling||Best choral performance||Creed|
|2002||Dorothea Röschmann||Best choral performance||Bach: St. Matthew Passion|
|2003||René Pape (2)||Best Opera Recording||Wagner: Tannhauser|
|2004||Thomas Quasthoff (2)||Best Classical Vocal Performance||Schubert : songs with orchestra|
|2005||Anne-Sophie Mutter (3)||Best Instrumental Soloist (s) Performance with Orchestra||Bernstein : Serenade|
|2006||Valérie Gross||Best Opera Recording||Golijov : Ainadamar ("Fountain of Tears")|
|2006||Thomas Quasthoff (3)||Best Classical Vocal Performance||Bach: Bach cantatas|
|2006||Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra||Best orchestral performance||Shostakovich : Symphony No. 13|
|2007||Philipp Nedel (2)||Best Small Ensemble Performance||Stravinsky : Apollo, Concerto in D ; Prokofiev : 20 visions fugitives|
|2008||Thomas Quasthoff (4)||Best choral performance||Brahms : A German Requiem|
|2009||Hans Zimmer (4)||Best Score Soundtrack for Visual Media||The Dark Knight (OST)|
|2010||Claus Ogerman (2)||Best Instrumental Arrangement Accompanying Vocalist (s)||Quiet Nights ( Diana Krall )|
|2011||German Symphony Orchestra Berlin||Best Opera Recording||L'amour de loin|
|2011||Rundfunkchor Berlin||Best Opera Recording||L'amour de loin|
|2014||Christoph Eschenbach||Best Classical Compendium||Hindemith : Violin Concerto - Symphonic Metamorphosis - Concert Music op.50|
|2014||NDR symphony orchestra||Best Classical Compendium||Hindemith: Violin Concerto - Symphonic Metamorphosis - Concert Music op.50|
|2014||Zedd||Best dance recording||Clarity|
|2015||Renate Wolter-Seevers||Best Opera Recording||Charpentier : La descente d'Orphée aux enfers|
|2016||Augustin Hadelich||Best Classical Instrumental Solo||Dutilleux : Violin concerto, l'arbre des songes|
|2017||Dorothea Röschmann (2)||Best Classical Solo Vocal Album||Schumann & Berg (piano accompaniment: Mitsuko Uchida )|
|2018||Martin Kistner||Best Historical Album||Leonard Bernstein - The Composer|
|2018||power plant||Best Dance / Electronic Album||3-D The Catalog|
|2018||Robert Russ||Best Historical Album||Leonard Bernstein - The Composer|
|2018||Anne Schwanewilms||Best Opera Recording||Berg: Wozzeck|
|2018||Roman Trekel||Best Opera Recording||Berg: Wozzeck|
|2020||NDR big band||Best improvised jazz solo||Sozinho|
|1979||Julius pack||Best Opera Recording||Lehár : " The Merry Widow "|
|1979||Herbert von Karajan||Best Classical Orchestral Performance||Beethoven : Symphonies 1-9 (complete recording)|
|1981||Franz Mazura||Best Opera Recording||Berg : Lulu|
|1986||Franz Mazura (2)||Best Opera Recording||Schoenberg : Moses and Aron|
|1999||Club 69||Grammy Award for Best Remixed Recording, Non-Classical||Believe ( Cher )|
|2002||Arnold Schoenberg Choir||Best choral performance||Bach : St. Matthew Passion|
|2002||Concentus Musicus Vienna||Best choral performance||Bach: St. Matthew Passion|
|2002||Nikolaus Harnoncourt||Best choral performance||Bach: St. Matthew Passion|
|2002||Vienna Boys' Choir||Best choral performance||Bach: St. Matthew Passion|
|2005||Angelika Kirchschlager||Best Opera Recording||Mozart : Le nozze di Figaro|
|2005||Stefan Sagmeister||Best Boxed or Special Limited Edition Package||Once in a Lifetime ( Talking Heads )|
|2010||AKG Acoustics||Technical Grammy Award||-|
|2010||Stefan Sagmeister (2)||Best Recording Package||Everything That Happens Will Happen Today ( David Byrne / Brian Eno )|
|2010||Joe Zawinul||Best Contemporary Jazz Album||75|
|2018||Hans Graf||Best Opera Recording||Berg: Wozzeck|
|2018||Manfred Honeck||Best orchestral performance||Shostakovich : 5th Symphony ; Barber : Adagio|
|2018||Patricia Kopatchinskaja||Best Chamber Music / Small Ensemble Performance||Death and the Maiden|
|1978||Yehudi Menuhin||Best Classical Album||Concert of the Century|