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James Bond , Agent 007 , is a secret agent invented by Ian Fleming who works for MI6 . He had his first appearance in the novel Casino Royale (1953). Fleming wrote twelve novels and nine short stories about James Bond by his death in 1964. The short stories were published in two anthologies.
In 1954 the first television film with the agent appeared under the title Casino Royale for the novel of the same name. Barry Nelson played the leading role as Jimmy Bond. The start of the Eon Productions Ltd. produced Bond series (hereinafter EON series) came in 1962 under the title James Bond - 007 is chasing Dr. No in theaters with Sean Connery in the lead role. Further successful cinema productions followed with several Bond actors. Over time, James Bond developed into a pop culture icon. At the same time, the changing role of the Bond actor has become a prestigious task in the film business.
After all of Fleming's Bond novels had been filmed or at least partially or the title had been adopted, other authors wrote the templates for the scripts. There are also other novels on the figure by various writers.
Novels and short stories
Creation of the fictional character
Ian Fleming, who himself was a British secret service member during the Second World War , probably developed the character James Bond on the model of the British naval officer Patrick Dalzel-Job , who spied successfully behind enemy lines in World War II and was described by Fleming in his memoir . He also received inspiration from the lives of Sidney Reilly and Edward Yeo-Thomas . Another role model was the British reconnaissance officer, ornithologist and impostor Richard Meinertzhagen . Finally, Ian Fleming also used the stories and character of the Serbian double agent Duško Popov from the Second World War.
Agatha Christie had already used the name James Bond for the main character of her story The Emerald of the Rajah , published in 1934 . Fleming took the name as an avid birders but by the ornithologist James Bond , in his book Birds of the West Indies (German: Birds of the West Indies ) he had encountered. In the 2002 film Die Another Day , Pierce Brosnan uses this book as Bond to impersonate Halle Berry in the role of Jinx as an ornithologist.
History of novels and anthologies
Fleming wrote twelve novels and two short stories - anthologies with James Bond as the title character, which were very successful even before the film series. After his death in 1964, other authors continued the novel series. Since John Gardner's license to kill , novels have been conceived from films, not the other way around.
In 2004, Ian Fleming Publications (Glidrose) announced a new series of books about Bond's life as a 13-year-old at Eton College . Charlie Higson published the first Young Bond novels in the series. In the late 1960s, Arthur Calder-Marshall wrote a novel that was played by James Bond's nephew, James, in his youth. This idea was carried on by John Peel in six novels in the early 1990s.
For the 50th anniversary of the Bond film series, from 2012 Cross Cult will publish all 14 volumes in a new German translation for the first time in full.
Works by Ian Fleming
The year of publication and, if translated, the German title are in brackets (also different if there are several editions).
- Casino Royale (1953; Casino Royale, 1953; Casino Royale, 2012, ISBN 978-3-86425-070-5 )
- Live and Let Die (1954; Live and Let Die, 1954; Live and Let Die , 2012, ISBN 978-3-86425-072-9 )
- Moonraker (Mondblitz; Moonraker, 1955; Moonraker, 2012, ISBN 978-3-86425-074-3 )
- Diamonds Are Forever (1956; Diamond Fever, 1956; Diamond Fever, 2012, ISBN 978-3-86425-076-7 )
- From Russia With Love (1957; Greetings from Moscow, 1957; Greetings from Moscow, 2013, ISBN 978-3-86425-078-1 )
- Dr. No (1958; James Bond chases Dr. No; 007 chases Dr. No; Dr. No, 1958; Dr. No, 2013, ISBN 978-3-86425-080-4 )
- Goldfinger (1959; Goldfinger; James Bond contra Goldfinger; James Bond chasing Goldfinger, 1959; Goldfinger, 2013, ISBN 978-3-86425-082-8 )
- For Your Eyes Only (1960; 007 James Bond Intervenes , 1965; On Fatal Mission, 2013) - short story anthology:
- List of short stories corresponds to the original. Various anthologies were on the market in Germany.
- Thunderball (1961; James Bond and the Fireball Company, 1961; Operation Fireball; Never Say Never; Fireball; Never Say Never or Action Fireball, 1993; Fireball, 2013)
- The Spy Who Loved Me (1962; The Spy Who Loved Me, 1962; The Spy Who Loved Me , 2013)
- On Her Majesty's Secret Service (1963; On Her Majesty's Secret Service, 1963; On Her Majesty's Secret Service ; James Bond and His Most Dangerous Mission; On Her Majesty's Secret Service , 2013)
- You Only Live Twice (1964; 007 James Bond rides the tiger, 1964; You Only Live Twice , 2013)
- The Man With The Golden Gun (1965; The Man with the Golden Gun ; 007 James Bond and the Man with the Golden Gun ; The Golden Gun, 1965; The Man with the Golden Gun , 2013)
- Octopussy (and the Living Daylights) (1966; Octopussy and other Risky Businesses , 1968; Octopussy, 2013) - short story collection:
- In the first English edition only the first two stories were included.
Arthur Calder-Marshall (under the pseudonym RD Mascott)
- The Adventures of James Bond Junior: Double-O Three and a Half (003 1/2 James Bond Junior, 1967)
Kingsley Amis (under the pseudonym Robert Markham )
- Colonel Sun (Greetings from Athens; The trail leads to Greece; 007 James Bond on the Greek trail, 1968; Ian Fleming , sometimes mistakenly, as the author on the German book cover; Colonel Sun, 2014)
- James Bond - The Authorized Biography of 007 (1973; Agent 007. A Fictitious Biography, 1973)
- License Renewed (1981; Countdown to Eternity, 1982; Meltdown, 2014)
- For Special Services (1982; Wait a minute, Mr. Bond, 1982; Der Kunstsammler, 2015)
- Icebreaker (1983; Operation Eisbrecher, 1983; Eisbrecher, 2015)
- Role of Honor (1984; The Honor of Mr. Bond, 1984; A Matter of Honor, 2015)
- Nobody Lives Forever (1986; Nobody Lives Forever, 1986; Nobody Lives Forever, 2015)
- No Deals Mr. Bond (1987; Nothing is more, Mr. Bond, 1987; The game is up, 2015)
- Scorpius (1988; Scorpius, 1988; Scorpius, 2016)
- Win, Lose or Die (1989; Win or Die, Mr. Bond, 1989; Fleet Maneuver, 2016)
- Brokenclaw (1990; Go To Hell, Mr. Bond, 1990; Operation Jericho, 2016)
- The Man From Barbarossa (1991; The Man From Barbarossa, 2018)
- Death is Forever (1992)
- Never Send Flowers (1993)
- Seafire (1994)
- Cold (1996)
John Peel (under the pen name John Vincent): Series - James Bond Jr. (Fantail)
- A View To A Thrill (January 1992)
- The Eiffel Target (February 1992)
- Live And Let's Dance (March 1992)
- Sandblast (April 1992)
- Sword Of Death (May 1992)
- High Stakes (June 1992)
- Blast From The Past (1997, short story published in Playboy )
- Zero Minus Ten (1997; Countdown !, 1997)
- The Facts of Death (1998; Death in Cyprus, 1998)
- Midsummer Night's Doom (January 1999; short story, published on Playboy )
- High Time to Kill (1999)
- Live At Five (1999; short story published in TV Guide )
- Doubleshot (2000)
- Never Dream of Dying (2001)
- The Man with the Red Tattoo (2002)
- Young Bond: SilverFin (2005; Still waters are deadly, 2005)
- Young Bond: Blood Fever (2006; Only Death Comes Back, 2006)
- Young Bond: Double or Die (2007; GoldenBoy, 2007)
- Young Bond: Hurricane Gold (2007; Talking Is Silver, Silence Is Deadly, 2007)
- Young Bond: By Royal Command (2008; Death Has No Tomorrow, 2009)
- A Hard Man To Kill (2009, short story published in Danger Society: The Young Blood )
- Samantha Weinberg (under the pseudonym Kate Westbrook )
- Devil May Care (2008; Death is just the beginning, 2008)
- Carte Blanche (2011)
- Solo (2013)
- Trigger Mortis (2015; Trigger Mortis - The Finger of God, 2015; With original material by Ian Fleming)
- Forever And A Day (2018)
The fictional character James Bond
With one exception in You Only Live Twice, Fleming hardly provides any information about the biography of his main character in his novels. In an obituary in the Times , Bond is portrayed missing and likely dead. John Pearson closed this alleged gap with the 1973 book James Bond: The Authorized Biography by expanding the brief information from Fleming's novel.
Accordingly, James Bond was born on November 11, 1920 as the son of the Scottish engineer Andrew Bond from Glencoe and a Swiss mountaineer, the Vaudois Monique Bond, née Delacroix, in Wattenscheid in the Ruhr area . The parents are described by Fleming in this way, and according to Pearson's account, the place of birth should also come from Fleming himself in a way he can no longer remember. After his parents died in a skiing accident in Chamonix in 1931 , Bond and his older brother Henry grew up with his aunt Charmaine Bond in Pett Bottom near Canterbury . He joined the elite boarding school Eton College at the age of 13 , from which he was expelled at the age of 15 because of an incident with a housekeeper. He was then sent to Fettes College in Edinburgh , where his father had also attended school. According to the latest information from Ian Fleming himself, Bond was probably not born until 1924: The fictional obituary at the end of You Only Live Twice says that Bond left Fettes in 1941 at the age of 17. To be able to join the Navy, he would have passed himself off as already 19.
After his training he went to the voluntary reserve of the Royal Navy to observe the movements of the German submarine fleet in the naval intelligence service at the beginning of the Second World War . For this he was on the military heavily fortified island Wangerooge deposed by a British submarine. Dug into the sand of the island, he was supposed to observe the shipping channel in front of Wangerooge, through which submarines entered and left the Reichskriegsshafen Wilhelmshaven . Soon he reached the rank of commander , whereupon the way to the double zero division was open to him. The double zero of his agent number stands for permission to kill his opponents.
The Bond of the early films, however, arguably has a similar background, but is too young to actually have held a significant position in World War II. In the film Casino Royale (2006), the 007 producers adapted the character and her biography to the post-Cold War era.
Samantha Weinberg's trilogy provides further insight into Bond's career. In the novels, in the form of diary entries from the point of view of the secretary Miss Moneypenny , experiences with James Bond are reported that do not appear in any of the Bond novels. On this occasion, Moneypenny's past is described in more detail and her first name, Jane, is revealed.
In the novels, James Bond is of average stature and resembles Hoagy Carmichael . He has black hair and a curl always falls unrestrainedly on his forehead. His narrow face and high cheekbones together with his blue-gray eyes give him a cool expression. As a special feature, he has a narrow scar on his cheek. He has also had a skin graft on his right hand since a Soviet spy carved an identification mark into it.
A letter from Fleming provides further information about Bond's appearance. He is 183 cm tall, 76 kg, with narrow hips, mid-30s, wearing two buttons to be closed, single-row suits in dark blue worsted , a black leather belt and a Rolex -Armbanduhr type Submariner .
Told time of Bond novels and short stories
|Novels by Ian Fleming||Told time|
|Casino Royale||Late May to mid-July 1951|
|Live and Let Die||January to mid-February 1952|
|Moonraker||Late May 1953|
|Diamond fever||Mid-July to mid-August 1953|
|From Moscow with love||Early June to mid-August 1954|
|Dr. No||February to mid-March 1956|
|Goldfinger||Late April to early June 1957|
|Risk 1||October 1957|
|A minimum of consolation 1||February 1958|
|The Hildebrand rarity 1||April 1958|
|Death in the rearview mirror 1||May 1958|
|For you personally 1||September to October 1958|
|Fireball||May to early June 1959|
|Octopussy 2||July 1960|
|The Living Daylight 2||Late September to early October 1960|
|Globus - highest bidder to auction 2||June 1961|
|On Her Majesty's Secret Service (Part One)||September 1961|
|The spy who loved me||October 1961 (from James Bond's publication)|
|On Her Majesty's Secret Service (Part Two)||November 1961 to January 1, 1962|
|you only Live Twice||Late August 1962 to April 1963|
|The man with the golden gun||November 1963 to the end of February 1964|
Locations of the novels
|novel||Locations (fictional locations in quotation marks)|
|Casino Royale||"Royale-les-Eaux" (fictional place in France )|
|Live and Let Die||New York City , St. Petersburg , Jamaica|
|Moonraker||London , Kent|
|Diamond fever||Guinea ( French West Africa ), London, New York City, Saratoga (New York) , Las Vegas , “Spectreville” (fictional ghost town in Nevada ), Los Angeles|
|From Moscow with love||Soviet Union , Moscow , London, Istanbul , Balkan Peninsula , Paris|
|James Bond chases Dr. No||London, Jamaica, "Crab Key" (fictional Jamaican island between Jamaica and Cuba )|
|Goldfinger||Miami , London, Kent County, France, Switzerland, New York City, Kentucky|
|Fireball||Sussex , Paris, London, Bahamas County|
|The spy who loved me||Adirondack Mountains|
|On Her Majesty's Secret Service||“Royale-les-Eaux”, London, Switzerland , Munich|
|you only Live Twice||London, Tokyo , Fukuoka , Kuroshima (Taketomi) , Kyoto|
|The man with the golden gun||London, Jamaica|
Bonds vehicles in the novels
|Casino Royale||Bond's first vehicle is introduced in the novel Casino Royale . It is a battleship gray Bentley 4 1/2 liter , convertible, Marchal headlights, Amherst-Villiers compressor (blower) and Vanden Plas body , which he had acquired almost new in 1933. A .45 ACP Colt M1911A1 with a long barrel is hidden under the dash .|
|Moonraker||After the Blower Bentley came to an abrupt end in Moonraker , Bond bought a battleship-gray Bentley Mark VI for around £ 5,000 , a two-door convertible with an interior decorated in dark blue leather. This car does not appear in any other Fleming novel.|
|Goldfinger||A Secret Intelligence Service company car , an Aston Martin DB Mark III , which Ian Fleming incorrectly calls "DB III", has a brief guest appearance in the novel Goldfinger . It is the only car in the James Bond novels that is equipped with special features: switches to change the shape and color of the front and rear lights, reinforced bumpers, a ".45 ACP" volt with a long barrel under the driver's seat , a receiver that is tuned to a transmitter called "Homer", and a built-in cavity for concealed transport. In the 1964 film adaptation, the original DB V prototype is used.|
|Fireball||In the novel Thunderball , Ian Fleming introduces the last Bond car. The basis is a Bentley R-Type Continental Coupé, with which a “rich idiot” crashed into a telegraph pole on the Great West Road. Bond bought the accident vehicle for £ 1,500, had it repaired and installed the 4.8-liter straight-six petrol engine introduced in May 1954. He then had HJ Mulliner & Co. make a new convertible body with two bucket seats in black leather for £ 3000. The Bentley, which Bond has affectionately christened “Locomotive”, is painted in battleship gray. For the sake of sound, Bond had two-inch twin tailpipes fitted and an Arnott compressor fitted to increase performance. Instead of Bentley's “Winged B”, the radiator grille is decorated with an octagonal silver screw.|
Bentley 4½ liter Vanden Plas Tourer (built in 1930), Bond's first car in the Roman Casino Royale (1953)
Aston Martin DB Mark III (built 1957), Bonds car in Roman Goldfinger (1959)
Production and film rights to the Eon film series
In 1961, producer Harry Saltzman acquired the film rights for Fleming's books and, together with Albert R. "Cubby" Broccoli, founded the production company Eon Productions and its parent company Danjaq for copyright and trademark rights. Together with the film company United Artists (UA), commissioned with the distribution, they released the first Bond film in October 1962, entitled Dr. No out. In the next 27 years, 15 more films appeared in the series, with Saltzman in 1975 due to differences that caused his other film projects, and for financial reasons, his stake in Danjaq after 13 years sold to United Artist. So while Saltzman got out of the James Bond films after The Man with the Golden Gun (1974), the previous distribution company UA also became a co-owner of the film rights. After the License to Kill from 1989, there was an almost six and a half year hiatus due to differences between the production and distribution companies before GoldenEye hit the silver screen in 1995. After that, a new Bond film was made every three years on average. This makes the 007 series one of the longest existing and one of the most economically successful film series in film history.
In Goldeneye it was also the first film that was no longer produced a year before his death of Albert R. Broccoli, but by his stepson and former co-producers Michael G. Wilson and his daughter Barbara Broccoli . They have been running the business since his death in 1996. The rights to the Eon Productions Ltd. James Bond films produced were solely owned by Danjaq SA until 1975 and have been controlled by Danjaq SA and United Artists since the sale of Saltzman's 50 percent stake to United Artists. Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM), the parent company of United Artists, has controlled the distribution of the film series and owns the copyright for all films since 1981 . Since the takeover of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer and the subsidiary United Artists by a consortium led by Sony and its subsidiary, Sony Pictures Entertainment , negotiations have been held on the distribution of the James Bond films that have been produced to date and those of the future.
After initial uncertainty about the future of the financially troubled MGM, filming of the 23rd James Bond film Skyfall began on November 3, 2011 in Whitehall , London. All previous Bond films were produced in Pinewood Studios near London , where separate halls were built for the sometimes very elaborate film sets .
Bond cast in the Eon film series
Sean Connery played the secret agent in the first five films. At the debut in Dr. No in 1962 he was 32 years old. The only younger person was George Lazenby, who slipped into the role of James Bond for just one film in 1969 at the age of 30. After Lazenby, Sean Connery was hired again in 1971, before he was replaced by Roger Moore, who played a total of seven times (1973-1985) the secret agent and is thus the most common Bond actor in the EON series. If you add Sean Connery's film Say Never Never (1983), which was produced outside of the Eon series , he too, like Roger Moore, has seven films.
Roger Moore was older than his predecessor Sean Connery in his last film when he first appeared at the age of 45, and at 57 (1985) Moore was also by far the oldest James Bond in the EON series on the big screen. After Roger Moore, Timothy Dalton played the agent in two films (1987, 1989) and Pierce Brosnan in four films (1995-2002). Current Bond actor Daniel Craig has played Bond in four films since 2006. The fifth film should be released in November 2020. He was also featured in a short film that was shot for the opening ceremony of the 2012 Summer Olympics .
George Lazenby , the second Bond actor, played Bond in just one film in the Eon series (1969)
Roger Moore , the third and seven-time Bond actor in the Eon film series (1973–1985)
Timothy Dalton , fourth and two-time Bond actor in the Eon film franchise (1987-1989)
Pierce Brosnan , the fifth and four-time Bond actor in the Eon film series (1995-2002)
Daniel Craig , the sixth and current Bond actor in five films to date (since 2006)
James Bond's allies include:
- M , James Bond's manager
- Miss Moneypenny , the secretary of M
- Q , the so-called quartermaster , who equips Bond with sophisticated technical devices and weapons
- Felix Leiter , CIA agent, later with the DEA , James Bond's best friend
Vehicles in the Bond films
A special feature is that many of the cars are seriously damaged or destroyed in the course of fighting - for example, the Lotus Esprit is blown up in On Fatal Mission , the BMW 750 in Tomorrow Never Dies flies from the parking garage to an AVIS branch , and the BMW Z8 in The world is not enough is being sawed up. In the course of this total write-off, a running gag develops with the quartermasters Q and R, who implore Bond to bring the vehicle back as a whole, which Bond only does in the rarest of cases.
Locations and locations
|Movie title||year||Locations (fictional locations in quotation marks)||Locations|
|James Bond chases Dr. No||1962||Kingston , London , Jamaica , "Crab Key" (Dr. Nos Island)||Pinewood Studios , London, Kingston, Jamaica|
|From Moscow with love||1963||“Specter Island” (SPECTER training camp), rivers in England , London, Istanbul , with the Orient Express via Belgrade and Zagreb to the Yugoslav-Italian border, Venice||Pinewood Studios, London, England, Scotland , Istanbul, Turkey , Italy|
|Goldfinger||1964||unnamed Central American state, Miami Beach , London, golf course in England, Geneva , Andermatt , Furka Pass , "Auric Enterprises" (Goldfinger's factory in Switzerland), "Goldfinger's stud" in Kentucky , Fort Knox , over the North Atlantic||Pinewood Studios, England, Andermatt, Furka Pass, Pilatus Aircraft Works in Stans ( Switzerland ), Miami , Kentucky|
|Fireball||1965||Manor house in France , SPECTER headquarters in Paris , “Shrublands” (a sanatorium near London), England, Bahamas , Nassau||Pinewood Studios, England, Paris, Anet Castle in France, Nassau, Bahamas, Miami|
|you only Live Twice||1967||Earth orbit , American Missile control center, Soviet radar station, Hong Kong , Tokyo , Kobe , Kyushu , SPECTER headquarters in a volcanic crater||Pinewood Studios, England, Tokyo, Japan , Mågerø ( Norway ), Gibraltar , Bahamas, Bermuda|
|On Her Majesty's Secret Service||1969||Estoril , Lisbon , Bern , England, London, Lauterbrunnen , “Bleuchamps Medical Institute for Allergies” (SPECTER headquarters) in Piz Gloria on the Schilthorn in the Bernese Oberland, Feldkirch ( Vorarlberg ), Grindelwald , Portugal||Pinewood Studios , England, Bern, Lauterbrunnen, Schilthorn summit , Grindelwald, Winteregg , Murren , Andermatt , Lisbon, Portugal|
|Diamond fever||1971||Tokyo, Cairo , Cannes , London, diamond mine in South Africa , Amsterdam , Los Angeles , Las Vegas , oil platform off the coast of California (SPECTER headquarters)||Pinewood Studios, England, Amsterdam, Frankfurt Airport , Los Angeles, Las Vegas, Nevada , drilling platform in front of Southern California|
|Live and Let Die||1973||"Bonds Apartment" in London, New York , New Orleans , "San Monique" (an island state in the Caribbean )||Pinewood Studios, England, New Orleans, Louisiana , New York|
|The man with the golden gun||1974||London, Beirut , Macau , Hong Kong, Bangkok , “Scaramangas Island” in the South China Sea , Halong Bay||Pinewood Studios, England, Macau, Hong Kong, Bangkok, Khao Phing Kan in Phang Nga Bay|
|The spy who loved me||1977||"Berngarten" in Austria , Moscow , Scotland, Egypt , Cairo, Gizeh , Luxor Temple , Abu Simbel , Sardinia , "Atlantis" (Stromberg's platform in the Mediterranean)||Pinewood Studios, England, Cairo, Giza, Luxor , Abu Simbel, Sardinia, Bahamas, Malta , Okinawa , Mount Asgard in Canada , Graubünden|
|Moonraker - Top Secret||1979||over the North Atlantic, on the return flight from Africa , London, Los Angeles, “Drax's Castle” in California, Venice, Rio de Janeiro , the jungle of Brazil , the Maya city of Tikal in Guatemala , “Drax's space station” in space||Pinewood Studios, England, Paris, Vaux-le-Vicomte Castle near Melun , Billancourt Studios , Boulogne Studios , France, Venice, Rio de Janeiro, Iguazú Falls , Los Angeles, California, Florida|
|On a deadly mission||1981||Cemetery near London, London, Ionian Sea , area of Madrid , Cortina d'Ampezzo , Corfu , somewhere on the Alban. Coast , monastery "St. Cyril's ”in Greece||Pinewood Studios , England, London, Cortina d'Ampezzo, Corfu, Meteora Monastery, Agia Triada in Greece, Bahamas, North Sea|
|Octopussy||1983||Unnamed Latin American state, East Berlin , Berlin Wall , residence of the British Ambassador in West Berlin , Sotheby’s in London, Udaipur , “Octopussy's Palace” in India , Karl Marx City in the GDR, train journey across the German-German border , "Feldstadt" (a US Air Force base in Bavaria )||Pinewood Studios, England, London, West Berlin , Udaipur, Taj Mahal , India, Utah|
|facing death||1985||Siberia , London, Ascot , Paris, “Zorin's Castle” in France, San Francisco , “Zorin's Silver Mine” at the San Andreas Column , Golden Gate Bridge||Pinewood Studios, England, Ascot, Paris, Chantilly Castle in France, San Francisco, Vatnajökull (Glacier in Iceland ), Vedretta di Scerscen Inferiore (Glacier in Italy)|
|The breath of death||1987||Gibraltar , Bratislava , London, England, Vienna , “ Iron Curtain ” between the Czechoslovak Republic and Austria, Tangier , Afghanistan , Morocco||England, Vienna (Volksoper and Gasometer), Austria (in Carinthia on Weissensee), Tangier, Morocco, Mojave Desert , Gibraltar|
|Licence to kill||1989||Bahamas, Key West , "Isthmus City" (a city in Central America )||Churubusco Studios , Key West, Mexico City , Mexico|
|GoldenEye||1995||Arkhangelsk (in the film still USSR ), Monaco , Severnaya Zemlya , Saint Petersburg , Cuba , Guantanamo Bay||Warner Bros. Studios, Leavesden , London, England, Monaco, Puerto Rico , Lago di Vogorno Dam in Switzerland|
|Tomorrow never dies||1997||Khyber Pass in the border area between Afghanistan and Pakistan , South China Sea , Oxford , Hamburg , Okinawa , Vietnam , Ho Chi Minh City , Courchevel||Pinewood Studios , London, Oxford, England, Hamburg, Bangkok, Thailand , Florida, Mexico|
|The world is Not Enough||1999||Bilbao , London, Scotland, Baku , Azerbaijan Oil Fields , Kazakhstan Nuclear Weapons Research Center , Istanbul||Pinewood Studios , London, England, Istanbul, Turkey, Baku, Bilbao, Scotland, France, Spain|
|die Another Day||2002||North Korea , demilitarized zone between North and South Korea , Hong Kong , Cuba , London, Iceland , "Graves Ice Palace"||Pinewood Studios, London, England, Cádiz as Cuba, Hawaii , Jökulsárlón ice lake in Iceland|
|Casino Royale||2006||Prague office of MI6 and a men's room, Uganda , Madagascar , Bahamas, Miami, Montenegro , Lake Como , Venice||Pinewood Studios, Grandhotel Pupp in Karlovy Vary , Loket Castle near Karlovy Vary, Strahov Monastery in Prague , Villa del Balbianello in Lenno on Lake Como, Venice , Bahamas, National Museum in Prague|
|Quantum of comfort||2008||Lake Garda , Carrara , Siena , London, floating stage in Bregenz , Haiti , Bolivia , Talamone||Pinewood Studios, England, Siena, Lake Garda, Feldkirch , Bregenz, Panama City , Panama , Atacama Desert in Chile , Mexico, Talamone|
|Skyfall||2012||Istanbul , London , Turkish Coast , Shanghai , Macau , Hashima (Silvas Island), Skyfall Estate in Scotland||London, Istanbul, Pinewood Studios, England, racecourse in Ascot as Shanghai Airport, Turkey, China|
|Specter||2015||Mexico City , London , Rome , Tokyo , Altaussee , Tyrol , Tangier , SPECTER headquarters in a meteorite crater in the desert of Morocco||Pinewood Studios, London, Mexico City, Rome, Tangier, Erfoud , Sölden , Obertilliach , Altaussee|
|No time to die||2020||London , Italy , Jamaica , Norway|
Until he left the film series in 1987, John Barry was considered the resident composer of the Bond films. Attempts to bring him back later failed. In the first Bond film, James Bond, Dr. No (1962), he arranged and conducted Monty Norman's famous James Bond theme. Barry composed a total of eleven Bond soundtracks ; in exceptional cases other composers stepped in for him, such as George Martin ( Live and Let Die , 1973), Marvin Hamlisch ( The Spy Who Loved Me , 1977), Bill Conti ( On Fatal Mission , 1981 ), Michael Kamen ( License to Kill , 1989) and Éric Serra ( GoldenEye , 1995). From 1997 to 2008 David Arnold was responsible for the film music. Thomas Newman has been composing the music since Skyfall (2012) .
The main musical themes have a defining effect, in particular the inter-series Bond theme and the melodies of the title songs. They are constantly varied and incorporated into the ongoing soundtrack in order to give the soundtrack a musical identity in addition to its dramaturgical function, which ultimately also benefits the films as a whole. The James Bond theme by Monty Norman has opened every Bond film since Greetings from Moscow to Die Another Day with the typical pistol barrel setting. In the remake of Casino Royale (2006), the film opened without this theme. The Bond theme is only fully worked out towards the end of the film, when Bond steps into the picture as a mature agent 007 and seamlessly transitions the theme into the credits. In Quantum of Solace and Skyfall , the Bond theme closes the film with the iconic pistol barrel setting and leads over to the credits.
The two independently of Eon Productions Ltd. produced Bond adventures Casino Royale (1967) and Never Say Never (1983) differ in musical terms from the EON films with the sound largely developed by John Barry. The use of the Bond theme or the gun barrel sequence was ruled out in these two films for legal reasons alone.
To this day, world-famous soloists and groups are engaged for the title songs. So far, these have included Tom Jones , Nancy Sinatra , Louis Armstrong , Paul McCartney , A-ha , Tina Turner and Madonna . Shirley Bassey interpreted three theme songs for the Bond films Goldfinger (1964), Diamonds Are Forever (1971) and Moonraker (1979). Sheena Easton was the only singer to be seen during the opening credits - with her theme song to In tödlicher Mission (1981) . Madonna also had a short role in Die Another Day , on which she sang the theme song. As the only interpreter of a Bond theme song, the group Duran Duran managed to occupy first place in the US charts with A View To A Kill (1985). Adele's theme song Skyfall reached the top of the German singles charts in October 2012 and received the Oscar for best song in 2013 . Billie Eilish , who sings the theme song for No Time to Die , is the youngest performer to ever sang a song for a James Bond film.
Special features of the films
The 007 logo
The number sequence 007 goes back to John Dee , who signed his letters to the British Queen Elizabeth I and thus marked her as personal - intended only for the eyes of the Majesty. Originally designed for bond films in the UK, the logo was a black pistol resting on the red numbers 007. The 007 pistol logo designed by Joseph Caroff in 1962 can be found today on many advertising products and internationally on almost all cinema posters . In Asia , their own variants were developed, with the Japanese being distinguished by its richness of detail. In 1969 the logo was slightly modified. A slightly taller and angular model was developed for Roger Moore in 1973, which was merged on the poster to live and let die in a vertical form with “ R 0 ger M 0 ore ”. 1985 is returned in a slightly different form to the inclined variant in 1969, but with a mehrkantigeren grain on the run. In 1987, for the 25th anniversary and the entry of Timothy Dalton as Bond, the barrel was adjusted again to the 1962 version. This logo was not replaced by a slimmed-down version until the 1995 premiere of Pierce Brosnan in the film Goldeneye , which is still the official 007 symbol to this day.
The gun barrel sequence
At the beginning of almost every Bond film there is the theme from Dr. Monty Norman , made famous by John Barry's arrangement. No , the James Bond theme . James Bond walks from the right to the center of the picture and suddenly shoots a pistol at the audience. This sequence is also known as the Gun Barrel Sequence . At the beginning of the 20th film, James Bond 007 - Die Another Day , in 2002 - to celebrate the double anniversary of the Bond series - a single bullet flew towards the viewer.
Since the restart in 2006 with Daniel Craig as James Bond, this scene no longer appeared right at the beginning of the films. In Casino Royale it is shown as a transition to the title sequence and is therefore part of the film plot for the first time. In Quantum of Solace and Skyfall , she appears at the end of the film, right before the credits. It is only in Specter , as it was last in 2002, that it can be seen again at the beginning.
Opening sequence and opening credits
After the famous pistol barrel scene, since Greetings from Moscow there has been an occasional action-packed short adventure that is independent of the main film or a prologue in the usual sense. Only then did the usually very elaborate appears preload with the credits . The opening credits are underlaid with a specially composed film song and often shows the outlines of naked or lightly clad women. Until he was licensed to kill , Maurice Binder was the creator of these artistic sequences (except for the films "Greetings from Moscow" and "Goldfinger"). After his death in 1991 Daniel Kleinman took over at this position and has continued Binder's tradition up to and including Casino Royale . The title sequence for Quantum of Consolation was created by MK12 . Since Skyfall , Kleinman has been responsible again.
Product placement has been targeted since the first James Bond film. Examples of targeted brands are:
- Smirnoff vodka in James Bond chases Dr. No and tomorrow never dies
- Dom Pérignon in James Bond chases Dr. No , Goldfinger , the man with the golden gun and the spy who loved me
- Champagne Bollinger in every James Bond film since 1983 (Octopussy), previously from Live and Let Die (1973) sporadically
- Heineken sparked Martini as a drink in Skyfall from
- Perrier (mineral water) in GoldenEye : Bond rams a truck loaded with mineral water with a tank
- Rolex in James Bond is chasing Dr. No , live and let die and the man with the golden gun
- Omega in GoldenEye , The World Is Not Enough , Casino Royale and Specter
- Caterpillar in The World Is Not Enough and Skyfall
- KUKA robots in Die Another Day
- British Airways in Moonraker , GoldenEye and Die Another Day
- Pan Am in James Bond is chasing Dr. No , greetings from Moscow , live and let die and license to kill
- Philips in The Living Daylights and Die Another Day
- Seiko in The Spy Who Loved Me , Moonraker , On A Deadly Mission, and Octopussy
- Sony in You Only Live Twice , The Man with the Golden Gun , Octopussy , Die Another Day , Casino Royale and Skyfall
- Sony Ericsson in Casino Royale and Quantum of Solace
- Ericsson in Tomorrow Never Dies
- Aston Martin in various films since Goldfinger
- BMW in GoldenEye , Tomorrow never dies and The world is not enough
- Lotus in The Spy Who Loved Me and On A Deadly Mission
- Marlboro , 7 Up and British Airways in Moonraker's long “Rio sequence”
- Avis car rental, prominently placed in Tomorrow Never Dies
- Cartier Paris (wallet “les must de Cartier”) in In the Face of Death
- Arcoll seat belts in the centrifuge cabin in Moonraker
In addition to the classic form of product placement in the sense of visible product presentation, linguistic placements were also incorporated into James Bond films, for example for Whiskas in In the Face of Death or for Omega in Casino Royale .
Fleming's novels build on one another. In the films, too, some of the past adventures are dealt with, but the appearance of Bond changes due to the change of actors, without being discussed. The idea of explaining this through facial surgery was considered for the first change in On Her Majesty's Secret Service , but dropped.
In Casino Royale (2006) continuity is broken and the film series is restarted. The film is about Bond's first outing, but is set in the present. This chronological discontinuity leads to the actual first encounter between Bond and the CIA agent Felix Leiter, who has been embodied in previously made films in the series and by different actors. Judi Dench embodies Bond's superior M again , a role she has only played since GoldenEye (1995). A Quantum of Solace (2008) ties in directly to its predecessor Casino Royale . In the following film, Skyfall (2012), the characters Miss Moneypenny and Q are reintroduced, now much younger and more modern than their predecessors. Thus Q , a computer expert, and Eve Moneypenny is a black, former agent and lover of Bond.
Budgets and box office earnings of the Eon film series
Adjusted for inflation (as of 2011), actor Sean Connery is currently the most successful Bond actor with average gross proceeds (box office income minus production costs) of currently USD 629 million per film. He is followed by Daniel Craig with the equivalent of 591, George Lazenby with 496, Roger Moore with 488, Pierce Brosnan with 378 and, at the bottom, Timothy Dalton with 264 million US dollars per film.
The films generally get a good rating in the Internet Movie Database . Intersects Casino Royale (2006) with a rating of 8.0 is currently out on top. Even Die Another Day , the worst-rated film in the series, has a 6.1 rating.
Novel versions of the scripts
- Christopher Wood
- John Gardner
- Raymond Benson
When Harry Saltzman and Albert R. Broccoli bought the film rights to Ian Fleming's Bond novels, they failed to secure two titles: Casino Royale and Fireball .
Casino Royale (1954/1967)
Casino Royale was sold to Gregory Ratoff as early as 1954, whose agency was able to broker this to CBS for the production of a television show. The live adaptation of Fleming's debut novel Casino Royale found its place in an hour-long episode of the television series Climax! . The American actor Barry Nelson appeared as the first Bond actor . Peter Lorre then played the counterpart Le Chiffre . The theater show from 1954 had very little in common with the familiar image of the cinema bond as it is known today; in addition, "James" Bond was called "Jimmy" in this film and worked for the CIA.
When Ratoff died, his wife sold the rights to Charles K. Feldman . Feldman initially sought - unsuccessfully - a partnership with Eon Productions Ltd. and finally produced the Bond parody Casino Royale on his own , which was released in 1967. This parody of the James Bond myth is comparable to the later Austin Powers films. In the role of James Bond 007 include David Niven , Peter Sellers and Terence Cooper to see. Woody Allen plays the villain and nephew of James Bond - Jimmy Bond / Dr. Noah. Was also involved Ursula Andress , actress of the first Bond girl in James Bond chases Dr. No . Orson Welles played the villain "Le Chiffre", against whom James Bond has to compete at the baccarat table. In addition, various internationally known actors appeared in more or less small cameo roles , including Barbara Bouchet , William Holden , John Huston , Deborah Kerr , Daliah Lavi , George Raft , Charles Boyer , Peter O'Toole and Jean-Paul Belmondo .
After Feldman's death, United Artists bought his production company, in which Columbia Pictures also owned shares through the television show broadcast by CBS. This was the reason for a decade-long dispute over the status of Casino Royale . Sony bought Columbia Pictures in 1989. Sony Pictures Entertainment , renamed in 1991, tried, among other things, through a collaboration with Kevin McClory , the rights holder of Fireball and Never Say Never , to get into the Bond film business, which in turn tried to prevent Eon by judicial means. The dispute ended in 1999 when Eons bought the remaining film rights in Casino Royale . Ironically, Sony bought MGM Studios in 2004 , which merged with United Artists in 1981, so that the latest Bond productions eventually came under Sony's flag.
Never Say Never (1983)
Never say never with Connery as Bond has the same plot structure as the 1965 film Fireball and can therefore be viewed as an independent remake. The novel by Feuerball, in turn, goes back to a planned script for a film James Bond Secret Agent from the early 1960s, on which Kevin McClory and Jack Whittingham co-wrote inaddition to Fleming. The project dragged on at the time, and Fleming lost interest in making the film. The elements he had worked out up to then he used for the book Thunderball in 1960, which led the other unnamed parties tochargeFleming with copyright infringement . He was later found guilty of this, so their names were named as co-authors and McClory were awarded the film rights. The James Bond producers Broccoli and Saltzman that before the release of the film rights to the books fireball had acquired, did succeed in negotiating the filming of 1965 with the participation McClorys. McClory retained the rights and went to a remake in the following years.
Finally, in 1983, Say Never Never came to theaters as the last appearance of Sean Connery in the role of Bond. Klaus Maria Brandauer can be seen as the villain Maximilian Largo and Domino Kim Basinger as the “bond girl” . The title Never Say Never Again comes from a reference by Connery's wife to a statement by Sean Connery that she never wanted to play James Bond again. The script is based on McClory and Whittingham. Eon tried in vain to prevent the film from being made in order to prevent a reduction in the success of Octopussy from the same year, which then probably was the case. The earlier published Octopussy (approx. 187 million dollars) trumped the competing product Never Say Never (approx. 160 million dollars) financially only slightly. The US theatrical distribution rights were at Warner Bros.
|Movie title||year||Locations (fictional locations in quotation marks)||Locations|
|Casino Royale||1967||Scotland, London, Berlin, Casino Royale in France||Pinewood Studios ( London ), MGM Studios ( Denham - Uxbridge ), Shepperton Studios , Mereworth Castle ( Mereworth ), Killin , Falls of Dochart, Killeen Castle County Meath , County Wicklow , Glencree|
|never say Never||1983||unnamed Central American state, "Shrublands" (a sanatorium near London), England, Bahamas, Monaco , France, North Africa , Canale di Dissei (Ethiopia)||Elstree Studios , England, Nice , Studios la Victorine , Antibes , Nassau, Bahamas|
Budgets and earnings
Vehicles in the Bond films
|never say Never||Yamaha XJ 650 Turbo, Peugeot 505 , Renault 5 Turbo|
|No.||premiere||German title||Original title||Bond cast||Age||Director|
|1||Oct 5, 1962||James Bond chases Dr. No||Dr. No||Sean Connery||32||Terence Young|
|2||Oct 10, 1963||From Moscow with love||From Russia With Love||Sean Connery||33||Terence Young|
|3||17 Sep 1964||Goldfinger||Goldfinger||Sean Connery||34||Guy Hamilton|
|4th||Dec 9, 1965||Fireball||Thunderball||Sean Connery||35||Terence Young|
|5||June 12, 1967||you only Live Twice||You Only Live Twice||Sean Connery||36||Lewis Gilbert|
|6th||Dec 12, 1969||On Her Majesty's Secret Service||On Her Majesty's Secret Service||George Lazenby||30th||Peter R. Hunt|
|7th||Dec 14, 1971||Diamond fever||Diamonds Are Forever||Sean Connery||41||Guy Hamilton|
|8th||June 27, 1973||Live and Let Die||Live and Let Die||Roger Moore||45||Guy Hamilton|
|9||Dec 18, 1974||The man with the golden gun||The Man with the Golden Gun||Roger Moore||47||Guy Hamilton|
|10||7th July 1977||The spy who loved me||The Spy Who Loved Me||Roger Moore||49||Lewis Gilbert|
|11||June 26, 1979||Moonraker - Top Secret||Moonraker||Roger Moore||51||Lewis Gilbert|
|12||June 24, 1981||On a deadly mission||For Your Eyes Only||Roger Moore||53||John Glen|
|13||June 6, 1983||Octopussy||Octopussy||Roger Moore||55||John Glen|
|14th||May 22, 1985||facing death||A view to a kill||Roger Moore||57||John Glen|
|15th||June 29, 1987||The breath of death||The Living Daylights||Timothy Dalton||41||John Glen|
|16||June 13, 1989||Licence to kill||License to kill||Timothy Dalton||43||John Glen|
|17th||Nov 13, 1995||GoldenEye||GoldenEye||Pierce Brosnan||42||Martin Campbell|
|18th||Dec 12, 1997||Tomorrow never dies||Tomorrow Never Dies||Pierce Brosnan||44||Roger Spottiswoode|
|19th||Nov 8, 1999||The world is Not Enough||The World Is Not Enough||Pierce Brosnan||46||Michael Apted|
|20th||Nov 18, 2002||die Another Day||Die Another Day||Pierce Brosnan||49||Lee Tamahori|
|21st||Nov 14, 2006||Casino Royale||Casino Royale||Daniel Craig||38||Martin Campbell|
|22nd||Oct 29, 2008||Quantum of comfort||Quantum of Solace||Daniel Craig||40||Marc Forster|
|23||Oct 23, 2012||Skyfall||Skyfall||Daniel Craig||44||Sam Mendes|
|24||Oct 26, 2015||Specter||Specter||Daniel Craig||47||Sam Mendes|
|25th||Nov 2020||No time to die||No time to die||Daniel Craig||52||Cary Joji Fukunaga|
|premiere||German title||Original title||Bond cast||Age||Director|
|Oct 21, 1954||Casino Royale ( TV Movie )||Casino Royale||Barry Nelson||37||William H. Brown|
|Apr 13, 1967||Casino Royale ( parody )||Casino Royale||
|Oct 6, 1983||Never say never ( remake )||Never say never again||Sean Connery||53||Irvin Kershner|
|July 27, 2012||Happy and Glorious ( short film )||Happy and Glorious||Daniel Craig||44||Danny Boyle|
Assignment of the novels and short stories to the films
The scripts for the films from the 1960s and 1970s are roughly based on one of Fleming's novels, but the plot has been adapted for the cinema format, for example by adding spectacular car chases. In the 1979 film Moonraker in particular , influenced by the space shuttle program and the success of Star Wars , the plot of the novel, 24 years older, was modernized and so heavily modified that it has little in common with that of the novel .
After all eleven book templates for which the rights existed had been filmed, only the short stories or only their titles were used in the 1980s. From 1989 to 2002 the films were conceived entirely without Fleming's literary model. Only the Bond film Casino Royale from 2006 is based again on a work by Ian Fleming, his first film of the same name, after the rights were finally secured for this too. The 2008 film Quantum of Solace took the title of one of the short stories published in 1960 , but the plot of the film is not based on the book.
The following table illustrates the relationship between Ian Fleming's novels and the film adaptations.
- Novel: year of publication of the novel or short story
- Film: Release year of the film adaptation in the Eon film series
If the German film title is not a translation of the English film title, it is placed after it in brackets.
|novel||Original title of the novel||German film title
(different English title)
|1953||Casino Royale||Casino Royale||2006||First screened in 1954 as a television film; the 1967 produced parody is not part of the EON film series.
The EON film only partially contains elements from the novel. Much was added. For example, Le Chiffre was a member of the SPECTER organization instead of the Russian secret service.
|1954||Live and Let Die||Live and Let Die||1973||The plot has been modernized and only a few characters and a few elements of the novel are taken over. Some scenes were incorporated in later Bond films.|
|1955||Moonraker||Moonraker - Top Secret||1979||With the exception of the name of the opponent Drax, the film does not contain any elements from the novel. Some elements were incorporated in the later Bond film, Die Another Day .|
|1956||Diamonds Are Forever||Diamond fever||1971||Some of the storylines of the novel were taken over, but much was added, e.g. B. the main opponent Jack Spang was replaced by Blofeld.|
|1957||From Russia with Love||From Moscow with love||1963||The plot is roughly based on the novel, but Bond's opponent is Blofeld with the SPECTER organization instead of the Russian secret service.|
|1958||Dr. No||James Bond chases Dr. No||1962||Some spectacular elements were added to the novel for the cinema adaptation.|
|1959||Goldfinger||Goldfinger||1964||For the most part corresponds to the novel.|
|1960 a 1||From a view to a kill||
In the face of death
(A View to a Kill)
|1985||Some elements of the short story were used in a modernized form in the film.|
|1960 b 1||For Your Eyes Only||
On A Deadly Mission
(For Your Eyes Only)
|1981||The plot of the short story was slightly different in the film, but most of the script is rewritten.|
|1960 c 1||Quantum of Solace||Quantum of comfort||2008||Despite having the same title, the film does not use a plot from the short story.|
|1960 d 1||Risk||On a deadly mission||1981||The plot of the short story was incorporated into the film.|
|1960 e 1||The Hildebrand Rarity||Licence to kill||1989||Some elements of the short story flowed into the film.|
|1961||Thunderball||Fireball||1965||For the most part corresponds to the novel.
1983 as Say Never Never again filmed (not part of the EON film series)
|1962 2||Octopussy||Octopussy||1983||Despite the identical title, the short story has little in common with the film. The female lead in the film is the daughter of Bond's opponent in the short story. The character Hannes Oberhauser from the short story was incorporated into the later Bond film Specter .|
|1962 2||The Living Daylights||
The Living Daylights
(The Living Daylights)
|1987||The plot of the short story set in Berlin is modified in the first third of the film, among other things the location was moved to Bratislava .|
|1962||The Spy Who Loved Me||The spy who loved me||1977||Despite the identical title, the film does not use any plot from the novel.|
|1963||On Her Majesty's Secret Service||On Her Majesty's Secret Service||1969||The film roughly adheres to the novel.|
|1963 2||007 in New York||-||-||The short story contains hardly any actionable plot for a film.|
|1963 2||The property of a lady||Octopussy||1983||The scene with the Fabergé ice cream auction was used in the film.|
|1964||You Only Live Twice||you only Live Twice||1967||The plot has been extensively revised for the film; only the opponent Blofeld and a few details were taken from the novel.|
|1965||The Man with the Golden Gun||The man with the golden gun||1974||The script is not based on the novel, only the opponent Scaramanga and a few details have been adopted.|
Features of the James Bond genre
Bond as a bon vivant
Bond himself is sketched on the one hand as a gallant, on the other hand ironic (especially with Roger Moore) to cynical (Sean Connery) macho , who is surrounded by an aura of invulnerability. He wears tailored suits and is not averse to gambling. He also enjoys good food, as well as expensive wines, champagne, and (in older films) cigars and cigarettes. In an ironic contrast to this, the film Specter Bonds shows extremely spartan private apartments.
Bond is always surrounded by beautiful women, the so-called Bond girls , who mostly succumb to his charm. As a recurring element, the chief secretary Miss Moneypenny flirts with Bond, but always in vain. Occasionally she shows herself jealous of his playmates.
The recurring Bond quotes such as his order “ Vodka Martini - shaken, not stirred” ( although a Martini is not shaken at the moment ) and the now famous idea “My name is Bond. James Bond "(" The name is Bond. James Bond "). Bond introduces himself in every film, with the exception of James Bond 007 - With Love from Moscow , Fireball , James Bond 007 - You Only Live Twice and James Bond 007: Quantum of Solace , at least once. Roger Moore completely dispensed with the Martini quote, which was initially intended to distinguish it from his predecessor Sean Connery. In Casino Royale , the "shaken" quote is parodied. When Bond is asked by a waiter "Shaken or stirred?", He replies: "Do I look like I'm interested?"
The plot doesn't have much to do with actual intelligence work . Only details such as the designation of the management positions with letters such as " M " and " Q " have been taken over by Fleming from the British secret service MI6 .
Bond fights against supervillains who try to exploit the Cold War for their own ends in the early films . At the end of many films, the opponents' headquarters are destroyed by a large explosion.
The chases are characteristic, in which the agent sometimes uses vehicles with integrated weapons, but is also on the move on skis, motorcycles or aircraft.
The action, which often changes from one exotic location to the other , often involves duels in unusual places, such as underwater, on board a space station or on a parabolic antenna. It is also typical that Bond, in many cases together with the respective Bond girl, is supposed to be killed or tortured again and again by his counterpart using particularly sophisticated, complex and time-consuming methods and he always manages to escape at the last second. Mostly he was threatened with firearms beforehand and a simple shot would have meant his end. Typically, before Bond plans to kill, the villain reveals his plans to him.
During his missions he is supported by many technical gadgets (" gadgets "), usually developed by Q , for example devices for cracking number combinations for safes as well as specially equipped watches with an explosive function, laser beams or cable winches.
In the first film, Bond had to exchange his handgun , a Beretta 418, for a Walther PPK , which he never used until Tomorrow Dies . Then Bond was equipped with a Walther P99 , but received a variant of the previous handgun in Ein Quantum Solst and Skyfall with the Walther PPK S.
Gambling and other games
The many game scenes are typical of the world of James Bond films and novels. The character of bonds is also introduced literarily to gambling .
- Baccarat : Bond duels in the Roman Casino Royale with his opponent Le Chiffre at the chemin de fer , a variant of this game of chance. He also plays baccarat with Emilio Largo in Fireball and in the films James Bond chases Dr. No , On Her Majesty's Secret Service , On Deadly Mission and GoldenEye .
- Backgammon : In the movie Octopussy, Kamal Khan cheats on backgammon. Bond sees through the fraud and beats Kamal Khan with his own rigged dice.
- Black Jack appears in the novel Diamond Fever as well as in the films License to Kill and The World Is Not Enough .
- Bridge : In the novel Moonraker , Bond convicts Sir Hugo Drax of cardsharing in bridge. Bond cheats better and wins the game with the Duke of Cumberland hand . In the film there is only a brief reference from Sir Frederick Gray that he once played bridge with Sir Hugo. References to Bridge can also be found in Dr. No and fireball .
- Canasta and Gin Rummy : In the film, Auric Goldfinger cheats on a Mr. Simmons while drinking a gin rummy. Goldfinger's secretary, played by Shirley Eaton , looks at Mr. Simmons' cards through a telescope from a hotel room and sends Goldfinger, who appears to be wearing a hearing aid, the values by radio. Bond discovers the fraud and seduces the secretary, who then ends up in one of the most famous movie scenes as a gold-coated corpse in Bond's bed. In the novel, Goldfinger plays with a Mr. Du Pont Canasta, which does not fit so well as Canasta can be played in pairs, but is actually a game for four people. On a train journey into Live and Let Die, Bond passes the time playing solitaire with a game of gin rummy.
- Computer game : In Never Say Never , Bond competes against Largo in Domination , a computer game invented by Largo, the goal of which is world domination. Bond loses several games for individual countries, but wins the battle for the entire world and wins the game.
- Craps : In the movie Diamond Fever , Bond wins several thousand dollars at craps and the admiration of Plenty O'Toole.
- Golf : Ian Fleming was an avid golfer and died of a heart attack on the golf course. Fleming connected this game to the character James Bonds. Auric Goldfinger cheats at golf, but Bond swaps Goldfinger's golf ball for another and wins the game.
- Mile bet ( Calcutta auction ): In the novel Diamond Fever , the killers Wint and Kidd try to manipulate a mile bet on the RMS Queen Elizabeth .
- Horse racing and betting, some of which are rigged , play an important role in the novel Diamond Fever and in the film In the Face of Death .
- Poker : In the film Casino Royale , Bond and Le Chiffre play Texas Hold'em , a variant of poker, while in the novel, baccarat is played.
- Roulette : In the novel Diamond Fever , Bond plays roulette in Las Vegas and wins. In Skyfall , Bond can be seen again playing a roulette game.
- Scissors, stone, paper : In the novel You Only Live Twice , Fleming describes a rock-paper-scissors game between James Bond and Tiger Tanaka in one chapter.
- Sic Bo : In order to track down Francisco Scaramanga, the man with the golden gun , Bond goes to a casino in Macau in the film , where he meets Miss Anders at Sic Bo.
The Bond films were repeatedly parodied.
- In the film Zwei Dottel gegen Goldfinger (Due mafiosi contro Goldginger) from 1965 with the comedian duo Franco & Ciccio , 007 is portrayed by George Hilton .
- Born in 1966, Derek Flint sends his corpse with James Coburn as Derek Flint. The film got a sequel in 1967 with Derek Flint - Hard As Flint .
- Casino Royale from 1967 is a parody . Despite all the differences, it is sometimes counted among the Bond films because it is based on Ian Fleming's novel of the same name. The actors Peter Sellers , David Niven and Woody Allen act as James Bond. The film is kind of a precursor to Austin Powers .
- In 1967, the low-budget cinema comedy Visible Agent 000 (Φανερός Πράκτωρ 000) was created in Greece with comedian Thanasis Vengos in the title role and as director and producer. In 1969 the less successful sequel Thu-Vu: Bald Agent - Operation Tohuwabohu (Θου-Βού: Φαλακρός Πράκτωρ - Επιχείρησις Γης Μαδιάμ) appeared .
- In the action comedy On the Highway, Hell's Losing (1983), Roger Moore parodies the character James Bond; Among other things, he drives an Aston Martin DB5 with an ejection seat.
- Even Helge Schneider was referring to in 1994 with the film 00 Schneider - Jagd auf Nihil Baxter on the famous agent.
- In 1996 there was Agent 00 - With the License to Smile With Leslie Nielsen and 1997 Agent 00 Nix - On a Brainless Mission with Bill Murray .
- Even Mike Myers with his Austin Powers films (1997, 1999, 2002) parodied James Bond.
- Rowan Atkinson has also created a parody series with his character Johnny English (2003, 2011, 2018).
There are also many agent comedies and series with occasional references to the Bond series.
- The Carry-On team parodied the Bond genre back in 1964 in Is Yes Crazy - Agents on the Powder Keg . One of the agents is called "Charlie Bind".
- In the US animated series Siegfried Sqirrel (The Secret Squirrel Show) , which was produced from 1965 to 1968, there is a squirrel who works as a secret agent 000 .
- The Danish comedy Kaliber 7.65 - Thieves Greetings from Copenhagen (1965) with Morten Grunwald and Ove Sprogøe is a parody of agent films. The German distribution title is an allusion to the second James Bond film James Bond 007 - Greetings from Moscow . In 1966 the sequel Slap af, Frede! (German: Relax, Frede ).
- In the agent series and solo film series for ONCEL (1964–1968, 1983) George Lazenby had a guest appearance as "JB", as did some villains from the EON films. Ian Fleming helped design the television series. The 105 episodes were combined with additional scenes to form eight cinema or television films.
- In 1967 Operation Kid Brother appeared, starring Sean Connery's brother Neil. The cast included numerous actors from Bond films, such as Adolfo Celi, Daniela Bianchi, Bernard Lee, Lois Maxwell and Anthony Dawson.
- In the television series Mini-Max (1965–1970) with Maxwell Smart, played by Don Adams , as agent 86 for the organization CONTROL against the group KAOS , Q's inventions generally fail. In the movie Get Smart (2008) based on the series , Maxwell Smart is played by Steve Carell .
- In the television series Edgar Briggs - Das As der Abwehr (The Top Secret Life of Edgar Briggs) (1974), with Noel Coleman as The Commander , David Jason plays the secret agent 0014
- The Disney action comedy Condorman (1981) with Michael Crawford and Oliver Reed not only parodies numerous Bond clichés, but also the popular gadgets.
- The episode "Las Vegas (2)" of the sitcom A Terribly Nice Family contains a dream sequence in which Al Bundy finds himself at the side of numerous beauties at the roulette table of a casino, introducing himself with the words
Bundy, Al Bundyand with a targeted one Griff incapacitates a typical Bond henchman. An excerpt from this scene can be seen as an example of Bond parodies in the documentary The World of 007 for the film James Bond 007 - Goldeneye .
- In the remake of The Pink Panther from 2006, Clive Owen made a guest appearance as 006 , whereupon Steve Martin smugly says "Ah, it wasn't enough for the super number". Clive Owen was then considered a hot candidate for the remake of Casino Royale .
- The French movie OSS 117 - The Spy Who Loved Himself (OSS 117: Le Caire nid d'espions) from 2006 is set, as does the sequel OSS 117 - He is enough for himself (OSS 117: Rio ne répond plus) , always referring to the James Bond films. In his role as France's best agent, main actor Jean Dujardin is clearly imitating the first James Bond actor Sean Connery, and director Michel Hazanavicius deliberately staged both comedies with obvious rear projections in the style of the 1960s agent cinema.
- The Kingsman films (2014, 2017) are about a fictional private secret service with a long tradition that operates out of Great Britain. They follow the basic scheme of the action-rich agent films with occasional references to James Bond.
- The episode Man Only Loves Twice of Season 5 of The A-Team parodies the James Bond films by Sean Connery in particular.
- The Chuck series repeatedly draws on typical elements from Bond films, such as various gadgets or the cliché of the secret agent wearing a suit and drinking martini.
- In the animated series The Simpsons , allusions to the film series often appear. Among other things, a character named James Bont, which is modeled after Sean Connery.
- The animated series Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles and Static Shock each feature a duo of male criminals - TMNT : Touch and Go; Static Shock : Specs and Trapper - featured that were modeled on Mr. Wint and Mr. Kidd from the Bond movie Diamond Fever .
- In the animated series American Dad , the main character Stan Smith appears in two episodes as a James Bond parody (season 4, episode 10 and season 9, episode 13).
- In the film Two Strong As a Bear , the main villain named K1 clearly bears traits of the typical Bond villain who tries to usurp world domination (eccentricity, pet, plan to subjugate humanity). The technology with which the two agents Mason and Steinberg are equipped has clear similarities with the typical Bond technology (car with defense mechanisms and self-destruction, tear-resistant toilet paper).
There are also allusions to James Bond in comics .
- Agent 327 is a comic series by the Dutch draftsman Martin Lodewijk .
- In the Disney animated series Duck Tales, there is an episode called A Break Pilot plays 007 (Double-O-Duck) . The character "Double-0-Duck" also appeared several times in the Funny Pocket Books , in which Donald plays various missions as an agent. The individual characters have code names there, as in the films, and the gadgets are parodied there too.
- In the Asterix comic The Odyssey, there is a Gallic druid named Nullnullsix . This character is a reference to Bond and is modeled after Sean Connery .
- In the Soviet cartoon series Adventures of Captain Vrungel (Приключения капитана Врунгеля) an agent 00X has to retrieve a stolen art object from the Royal Museum of Arts using various gadgets.
In the episode Our Man Bashir of the television series Star Trek: Deep Space Nine , Dr. Bashir wrote a new holoroman in the holosuite. In doing so, he slips into the role of a secret agent. The character he plays and the plot of the holoromans are typically Bond.
- Even in the Eon films, Connery is not the first to be seen as Bond: the stuntman Bob Simmons completes the so-called gunbarrel sequence, with which every EON Bond film except Casino Royale (2006) , Quantum of Solace and Skyfall starts. It is only since Fireball that it is the acting Bond actor who actually shoots in the opening sequence. In Casino Royale (2006) the sequence precedes the title and is even integrated into the plot at the end of the intro. In Quantum of Solace and Skyfall , she is at the end of the film before the credits.
- My name is bond James Bond. The famous conceptual phrase was borrowed from the popular British television series Secret Mission for John Drake . In the series opening credits for the first season from 1960 to 1962, Patrick McGoohan introduced himself to the audience as secret agent John Drake: My name is Drake. John Drake. McGoohan was Britain's best-known television star at the time. The role as James Bond has been offered to him twice, according to different sources. He rejected it out of moral conviction and developed after the Drake series his greatest success with the television series number 6 (The Prisoner) .
- According to Fleming, the famous martini , which James Bond consumes in almost every of his films, consists of 1 measure of vodka, 1/2 measure of Kina Lillet and 3 measure of Gordon's. Shake in a tumbler with ice. The whole thing is served in a deep champagne goblet with a large, narrow piece of lime zest. The drink is listed under the name Vesper given to it by James Bond in a modified form in the list of official cocktails of the International Bartenders Association .
- Sean Connery was not Fleming's preferred candidate. He would have loved to see someone like Cary Grant in the role, as he could have embodied the elegant side of the agent more believably. The preferred candidate was actually Richard Todd . For the writer, Connery, as a Scot, was not too subtle, too coarse and too "hairy". Fleming later changed his mind after Connery auditioned for the Bond role with his very prominent and manly gait. Cary Grant turned down the role because he did not want to sign up for several Bond films.
- In 1971, British actor Simon Oates was briefly traded seriously for the role of James Bond's successor to George Lazenby for the Bond production Diamond Fever , but after Sean Connery announced his return as a 007 agent, Oates was out of the running.
- The sets for the film series were created by production designers Ken Adam and Peter Lamont . Ken Adam left James Bond after the production of Moonraker , and was succeeded by Lamont, who had previously worked in other roles on the series.
- Toyota produced two cars of the type 2000 GT in a convertible version especially for the film You Only Live Twice . The reason for this: Sean Connery was too big for the originally planned model with a normal roof.
- At the end of the novel and the film On Her Majesty's Secret Service , 007 becomes a widower through an attack : he loses his wife Teresa on his honeymoon. This tragic event is also mentioned in some scenes. Anya Amasova reminds him of the death of his wife in the film The Spy Who Loved Me . At the beginning of Deadly Mission , 007 lays flowers at her grave. The years 1943–1969 can be read on the tombstone. Likewise the phrase “We have all the time in the world” - the musical theme from the film On Her Majesty's Secret Service . In license to kill , his American friend Felix Leiter says, "He was married once, but that was a long time ago." In the films that followed, the subject was largely ignored. However, in The World Is Not Enough , Elektra asks King Bond whether he has ever lost a loved one. After several seconds of silence, Bond changes the subject.
- The actor who is probably involved in most of the films was Desmond Llewelyn in the role of " Q ". Although Llewelyn appeared in more than 17 Bond films over a period of 36 years, he can only be seen for about 30 minutes in total.
- At the Cologne / Bonn airport passengers arriving with the phrase "Welcome to Bonn, Cologne / Bonn" are welcomed. This announcement is made by Frank Glaubrecht , the German voice of Pierce Brosnan in all James Bond films.
- The asteroid (9007) James Bond was named after the agent.
Video games have been produced regularly since 1983. The current film actor, who usually also synchronizes the role, usually serves as a template for Bond's appearance. The first James Bond video game with the title James Bond 007 was released for consoles such as the Atari 2600 , the Atari 800XL home computer and the Commodore 64 home computer . In addition, James Bond 007 - The Living Daylights was released for the Atari 800XL / 130XE home computers. The game consisted of the genres text adventure and side scroller . After two games for In the Face of Death in 1985 and four more in the following years, James Bond: The Stealth Affair, a graphic adventure game in point-and-click style , was released in 1990 . The 1992 action / adventure game James Bond Jr. is based on a comic series published by Marvel Comics . In 1988 and 1990, Domark released two adaptations of older James Bond films, Life and Let Die and The Spy Who Loved Me . The first was a boat simulation in the style of the Lotus games and the second was a combination of driving simulation and shoot 'em up , as was also implemented in License-to-Kill Game (1989). In 1993 the Kremlin team programmed a Sega game for Domark called James Bond 007 - The Duel , which was played in the popular platforming style of the time.
In September 1997, the first first-person shooter in the James Bond universe appeared with the game GoldenEye 007 . The game established itself because of graphics, playability and multiplayer mode as a video game - classic . The game never appeared in Germany as it was indexed by the BPjM a short time after its publication .
From 1999 to 2007 Electronic Arts owned the exclusive rights to the James Bond novels and films. In November 1999 the third-person shooter Tomorrow Never Dies was released exclusively for the PlayStation and in 2000 Die Welt ist nicht enough u. a. again similar to GoldenEye 007 on Nintendo 64 , Game Boy and PlayStation. It was also supposed to be released on the new PlayStation 2 but was then released as an agent in the crossfire . By 2004 six more games appeared for different consoles. The game 007 Racing (2000) by the developers Eutechnyx is an exception as a racing game . The player can choose from 19 licensed vehicles from all Bond films.
Agent Under Fire (German title Agent im Kreuzfeuer , 2001) is the first James Bond game that is neither based on a novel by Ian Fleming nor on one of the films.
Everything or Nothing , released in 2004, is a continuation of the content of the film “A View to a Kill” with new characters modeled after actors (for example Willem Dafoe), original synchronizations and an independent title song (by singer Mýa ). At the end of 2004, GoldenEye: Rogue Agent was released , in which you play a Goldfingers racket. Well-known opponents (e.g. Dr. No) appear. In 2005 the third-person shooter Greetings from Moscow was released .
In 2008, A Quantum of Solace was published for all common consoles, handhelds and PCs. It picks up locations from Casino Royale and Quantum of Solace with Daniel Craig and is a first-person shooter. The engine is a modified engine from Call of Duty 4: Modern Warfare . The game began development at the same time the license holder changed from Electronic Arts to Activision and is the first release under a new license holder.
The American game developer Activision received from September 2007 the license for the sole marketing of James Bond games. On August 22, 2007, Activision announced at the Games Convention in Leipzig that they were already working flat out in cooperation with various game development companies on a new James Bond title. This title was published under the name James Bond 007: Blood Stone on November 5, 2010 and is available for all current game consoles as well as for PC. There will also be a version of the game for the Nintendo DS. The license is valid until 2014. The latest game title is 007 Legends , which was released when the Skyfall film was released in October 2012.
|Video game chronology|
|title||Publishing year||Published by||developer||Platform / console|
|James bond 007||1983||Parker Brothers||Parker Brothers||Atari 2600 , Atari 5200 , Commodore 64 , ColecoVision|
|James Bond 007: A View to a Kill||1985||Mindscape||Angelsoft, Inc.||Apple II , DOS|
|A view to a kill||1985||Domark||Domark||Commodore 64, ZX Spectrum , MSX|
|James Bond 007: Goldfinger||1986||Mindscape||Angelsoft, Inc.||Apple II, PC booter|
|The Living Daylights||1987||Domark||Sculptured software||Commodore 64, ZX Spectrum|
|Live and Let Die||1988||Mindscape||Elite Systems||Amiga , Atari ST , Commodore 64, ZX Spectrum|
|007: License to Kill||1989||Domark||Quixel||Amiga, Atari ST, Commodore 64, DOS, ZX Spectrum|
|The Spy Who Loved Me||1990||Domark||The Kremlin||Amiga, Commodore 64, DOS, ZX Spectrum|
|James Bond: The Stealth Affair||1990||Interplay||Dolphins software||Amiga, Atari ST, DOS|
|James Bond Jr.||1992||THQ||Gray Matter||Amiga, Atari ST, Commodore 64, DOS, NES , SNES , ZX Spectrum|
|James Bond 007: The Duel||1993||Domark||The Kremlin||Sega Master System , Sega Mega Drive / Sega Genesis|
|GoldenEye 007||1997||Nintendo||Rare goods||Nintendo 64|
|James bond 007||1998||Nintendo||Saffire||Game Boy|
|Tomorrow never dies||1999||Electronic Arts||Black Ops||PlayStation|
|The world is Not Enough||2000||Electronic Arts||Eurocom||Nintendo 64, PlayStation|
|007 Racing||2000||Electronic Arts||Eutechnyx||PlayStation|
|Agent in the crossfire||2001||Electronic Arts||Electronic Arts||GameCube , PlayStation 2 , Xbox|
|007: Nightfire||2002||Electronic Arts||Gearbox software||GameCube, PlayStation 2, Xbox, Game Boy Advance , Windows , Mac OS X|
|All or nothing||2004||Electronic Arts||Electronic Arts||GameCube, PlayStation 2, Xbox, Game Boy Advance|
|GoldenEye: Rogue Agent||2004||Electronic Arts||Electronic Arts||GameCube, PlayStation 2, Xbox, Nintendo DS|
|From Moscow with love||2005||Electronic Arts||Electronic Arts||GameCube, PlayStation 2, Xbox, PSP|
|Quantum of comfort||2008||Activision||Treyarch||PlayStation 2, PlayStation 3 , Nintendo Wii , Nintendo DS, Windows , Xbox 360|
|GoldenEye 007||2010||Activision||Eurocom||Nintendo Wii, Nintendo DS|
|Blood Stone||2010||Activision Blizzard||Bizarre studios||PlayStation 3, Windows, Xbox 360, Nintendo DS|
|GoldenEye 007 Reloaded||2011||Activision Blizzard||Bizarre studios||PlayStation 3, Xbox 360|
|007 legends||2012||Activision Blizzard||Eurocom||PlayStation 3, Windows, Xbox 360, Wii U|
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