Peugeot 504 sedan (1968–1975)
|Class :||upper middle class|
|Body versions :||Sedan , station wagon , coupé , cabriolet , pickup|
Otto engines : 1.8–2.7 liters
Diesel engines : 1.9–2.3 liters
|Wheelbase :||2550-2900 mm|
|Empty weight :||1140-1375 kg|
|Previous model||Peugeot 404|
The Peugeot 504 was an upper middle class passenger car series by the French manufacturer Peugeot , which was manufactured in France between the summer of 1968 and the end of 1983, with the pickup still rolling off the assembly line until the end of 1993. The vehicle was manufactured under license in Africa until December 2005 .
The body was designed by the Italian design studio Pininfarina ; The responsible designer of the sedan was Aldo Brovarone , while the convertible and coupé were designed by Sergio Pininfarina . The sedan was voted Car of the Year 1969 .
On September 19, 1968, the 504 was initially presented as a four-door notchback sedan . A two-door coupé, a convertible and a station wagon were added later. A pickup version of the 504 was also offered, a vehicle with a cab for three people and a loading area, as well as a chassis with a cab .
In December 2005, after a construction period of 37 years, the world's last Peugeot 504 rolled off the assembly line in Nigeria. A total of 3,711,556 copies were built; at Peugeot only the small cars 205 and 206 came in higher numbers.
Limousine and station wagon
The Peugeot 504 was a new design with independent suspension and disc brakes on all four wheels and was built in Sochaux , France . Initially, the car was offered with the further developed 1.8-liter engine of the Peugeot 404 with carburetor or mechanical Kugelfischer injection ; from 1971 a diesel engine was also available. The injection models were called "Injection". From October 1970, the 1.8-liter engine in the 504 was replaced by a two-liter engine with 69 kW (94 hp). The sedans had a wheelbase of 2.74 m and were 4.49 m long, 1.69 m wide and 1.46 m high.
In April 1971, three station wagon versions appeared with the wheelbase extended to 2.9 m and double coil springs on both sides on the rear axle (“Break”, “Commerciale” and the seven- to eight-seat “ Familiale ”), each designed for a 640 kg payload. A special ambulance conversion was also available from autumn 1971. The station wagons were 4.8 m long, 1.69 m wide and 1.55 m high.
In 1973, in response to the oil crisis, the 504 “L” with the 1.8 liter engine and a rigid rear axle from the Peugeot 404 appeared. This version had a simplified dashboard and the engine was satisfied with normal instead of super fuel. From 1973, the 2-liter carburettor versions of the sedan had the abbreviation “GL”, the injection version was called “TI”.
From July 1975 the so-called "second series" of the Peugeot 504 was offered. The most noticeable features of this series were the door handles now embedded in the body and a revised dashboard with a more modern steering wheel. The "TI" sedans built in 1976 and 1977, which were delivered to the Federal Republic of Germany, were fitted with the twin headlights of the US export models as standard. Only in model year 1977 were all sedan and station wagon variants equipped with air inlets below the radiator grille.
In September 1977, the models received a black plastic grille instead of the previous chrome grille.
Since the successor to the 504 - the Peugeot 505 - came onto the market in May 1979 , sedans with a 2-liter engine were no longer available from the model range from this year of construction. They were replaced by the simpler model variants "GR" and "SR", which were based on the "L" model, which was also omitted. The "SR" and "SRD" lines now had side protection strips as standard.
The sedans were sold in Germany until the end of 1981 and the station wagons until spring 1982, but still rolled off the production line in France until the end of 1983.
The Peugeot 504 was - most recently in a heavily modified form - built in numerous countries. These include Kenya , the People's Republic of China , Argentina , Nigeria , Zambia , Spain , South Africa , Tunisia , Uruguay and Zimbabwe . In Africa, the Familiale models - including used vehicles from Europe - have always been extremely popular and widely used as taxis. In Cairo, for example, the taxi version of the car is still part of the street scene in 2010; this also applies to Upper Egypt in 2019, e.g. B. in Luxor.
Coupé and convertible
Peugeot traditionally works with Pininfarina . The 504 Coupé appeared in the spring of 1969 , but not with the front of the sedan and hatchback as in the 204 and 304, but with a separate body, the front and rear of which were also used for the convertible .
The technical basis was the sedan, which appeared in September 1968. However, the wheelbase was shortened to 2.55 m. The coupé and convertible were 4.36 m long and 1.7 m wide. The height was 1.35 m for the coupé and 1.36 m for the convertible.
The coupé and convertible versions of the 504 were produced at the Pininfarina plant in Turin, except for the drive train and chassis. From there, the semi-finished vehicles were transported by train to Sochaux for final assembly, where the engine, transmission and chassis were added.
The elegantly curved belt line, the gently rounded surfaces and the light, pavilion-like body structure of the coupé meant that the two-door models remained timeless in their appearance from their presentation at the Geneva Motor Show in the spring of 1969 until their end of production in June 1983. At the front, four individual headlights conveyed a touch of sporty aggressiveness, while the rear lights with slanted individual elements gave the rear an unconventional design. The coupé and cabriolet models experienced design changes almost exclusively at the front and rear over the course of their 14-year construction period.
From a technical point of view, the two-door models were largely similar to the sedan, but were only supplied with an injection engine. The 1796 cm³ four-cylinder engines initially developed 71 kW (97 hp), then a few months later 74 kW (101 hp), and with an unladen vehicle weight of 1220 kg enabled a top speed of 170 km / h. The 504 Coupé and the convertible were presented as dignified, exclusive touring cars.
Sportiness conveyed the tighter chassis design , a wider track width, a short wheelbase , a sports steering wheel and a stick shift. The interior of the convertible was initially dominated by black plastic, synthetic leather and rubber panels, while coupé customers could buy a vehicle painted in Andalou red, for example, in combination with beige velor upholstery, black door panels and sun visors, as well as beige roof panels, a black hat shelf and beige plush carpets was.
The engine, which was enlarged to two liters from the fall of 1970, produced only three horsepower more power, but had a considerably increased torque , which harmonized particularly well with the three-speed automatic transmission from ZF that was now available . A tachometer pushed the clock from the dashboard, painted black instead of silver, into the center of the dashboard.
Three years later jointly by Peugeot, was Renault and Volvo developed new 2,664-cm³- V6 - PRV engine presented that in the high-end models Peugeot 604 , Renault 30 and Volvo 264 was used. To improve the image and driving performance, it was installed in the revised coupé and convertible versions of the 504 from autumn 1974 at the same time as it was introduced in the Peugeot 604.
Originally designed as an eight-cylinder engine , the carburettor engine with a light-alloy engine block had a contactless electronic ignition system ( Schlumberger Altronic ) that was used for the first time in a production car , overhead camshafts and, due to its cylinder bank angle of 90 °, was not one of the particularly smooth-running six-cylinders. Internally ventilated disc brakes at the front, power steering and the tank that was enlarged from 56 to 84 liters were further innovations. Externally, the 504 was recognizable by the recessed door handles, new wheels and a modified radiator grille, but above all by the newly designed light units above the slightly modified bumpers. The double headlight units were now grouped together behind a glass panel and the large rear lights were rectangular. The stern was now marked by a double exhaust. Inside, three-point automatic belts, headrests and an instrument panel that is now silver again have been installed. The range of colors had been expanded from four to six paint finishes: Arosa white, smoky gray, silver blue, mahogany metallic, tulip yellow (only convertible), silver gray metallic (only for the coupé) or, on special request, black. The coupe was also available with an automatic transmission from the General Motors transmission plant in Strasbourg.
From autumn 1977 the coupé and convertible were again equipped with the well-known two-liter engine with a single-pipe exhaust. The output was increased to 78 kW (106 hp), there was also a 56-liter tank, a four-speed gearbox or ZF automatic. The coupé was still available with a six-cylinder engine, but now with a K-Jetronic gasoline injection system from Bosch and 106 kW (144 hp) in conjunction with the GM three-speed automatic transmission or a new five-speed gearbox.
Outwardly, the 1979 vintage was characterized by only minor differences, such as Michelin TRX tires on steel wheels in the V6 Coupé, a new steering wheel or the outwardly curved bonnet. Wide plastic bumpers, which were painted black or in the case of metallic paintwork, in the body color, replaced the more delicate predecessors made of stainless steel in autumn 1979. There were now also seat belts for the passengers in the back seats; the driver shifted gears to five gears as standard in the four-cylinder too, and the dashboard was clad with wood veneer. The following year, the V6 coupé received TRX tires with light alloy wheels.
From model year 1982 onwards, Peugeot delivered the two-door models with a dashboard with five large instruments - a detail for a luxury version planned by Pininfarina, which was ultimately incorporated into series production. The two-door luxury version was built in just three copies.
Production of the two two-door models ended in mid-1983. The coupé and convertible versions of the 504 were rare in their time, today they are rare. Many vehicles have been scrapped due to corrosion over time.
In October 1971, at the 58th Paris Motor Show, Pininfarina presented the study of a three-door station wagon coupé based on the 504 Coupé under the name “Peugeot Break Riviera”. The study was developed down to the last detail, but it never went into series production. The only prototype was last shown at the Barcelona Motor Show in May 1972 and has been considered lost ever since.
Pickup and chassis with cab
As a light commercial vehicle, Peugeot offered a pickup version of the 504 from the end of 1979 - as in the case of the 404. It was widely used in rural France, but also in Africa. In Africa, the vehicles are still part of the street scene. The pickup was also offered as a motorhome with a removable body.
The 504 was also offered as a chassis with a driver's cab. Possible body variants included a flatbed truck with foldable side walls, a tipper (rear and three-way tipper), a removable box body and a box van .
A license replica of the pick-up in two and four-door versions (the latter with a shortened loading area) was created by the Chinese company Guangzhou Peugeot Automobile Company until 1997 . There the model series of the 504 was known as the Guangzhou-Peugeot GP 7200 .
Camping cabins for the pickup
In 1979, the motorhome manufacturer Bimobil built the first removable camping cabins for the 504 Pickup. The floor was based on a tubular space frame , aluminum rails (left and right) and a plate made of glass fiber reinforced plastic , the rest of the cabin was made of aluminum profiles. The cabin was insulated from the environment with a 25 millimeter thick insulation layer, and a 50 millimeter thick insulation layer made of closed-cell foam was used against the floor. The mass of the additional structure was 450 kilograms. In the interior there was an alcove bed, a kitchen, a laundry room, four-seater seating, a heater and cupboards. Peugeot itself ordered 20 units, which were distributed to selected dealers. The total number of items produced is around 300 items, 20 of which were ordered without extendable supports. The new price of the cabins was DM 11,000.
Dangel 4 × 4
The vehicles were manufactured by Automobiles Dangel on the basis of series vehicles and officially distributed by Peugeot. The main buyers of the 5500 vehicles produced were French authorities and development aid organizations, who had to buy local products as far as possible.
The last pickup rolled off the production line in January 1994.
- Michael Semmler - Peugeot 504 Database (with detailed documentation of the individual years of construction and model variants)
- www.504cc.de - Detailed information about the 504 coupé and convertible versions
- Database with details on the technology of the 504 coupé and convertible vehicles
- Pages of the Peugeot 504 Coupé Cabrio Club eV
|Timeline of the Peugeot models since 1945|
|202||207||208 I.||208 II|
|203||304||305||306||307||308 I.||308 II|
|Lower middle class||309||408 I.||408 II|
|505||508 I.||508 II|
|upper middle class||504|
|404 coupe||504 coupe||406 coupe||407 coupe|
|Crossover||2008 I.||2008 II|
|Compact van||5008 I.|
|Pick up||403 truck||404 pick up||504 pick up||Pick up||Land trek|
|High roof combination||Traveler|
|Box van||205 Multi / Fourgonnette|
|Timeline of the Peugeot models from 1889 to 1944|
|Small car||1||2||3 / 4||5 / 6 / 7 / 8||21 / 24 / 30 / 31||37||54||57||69 "Bébé"||B P1 / B3 / P1 "Bébé" ||161/172 "Quadrilette"||190|
|26 / 27 / 28||48||126||201||202 ...|
|Compact class||14 / 15 / 25||56||58||68||VA / VC / VY ||V2C / V2Y ||VD / VD2 ||159||163/163 BS||301||302|
|33 / 36||63||99||108||118||125||173 / 177 / 181 / 183|
|Middle class||9 / 10 / 11 / 12||16 / 17 / 19 / 32||49/50||65/67||77||78||88||127||143||153||153 B / BR||176||401||402|
|upper middle class||23||42/43/44||62||72||82||92||104||112/117/122/130/134||139||145/146/148||174 / 184||601|
|Convertible / Spider||91||101/120||133 / 111/129/131||136||144|
|minibus||20 / 29||107|
- Model history of sedans and station wagons http://www.michaelsemmler.de/
- List of various sales brochures for France up to 1993 http://bunnik.perso.sfr.fr/peu50403.htm
- Letter from Aldo Brovarone http://www.504ccforum.de/viewtopic.php?f=27&t=1042&p=6911#p6911
- Heiko Haupt: Peugeot 504: Worldwide successful model with rust perforation guarantee. In: Spiegel online. September 4, 2002, accessed on January 6, 2019 : “This included the independent suspension on the rear axle, which was not a matter of course at the time. The fact that there were disc brakes all around was also something special. "
- Brochure 504 Sedan, model year 1980
- United Nations Industrial Development Organization: Report on the automotive spare parts and components industry in Zimbabwe and other PTA countries. September 1992, accessed February 9, 2019 (en)).
- Seis modelos diferentes ( Memento of March 4, 2015 in the Internet Archive )
- 504 THE MIGHTY 504. In: classiccarafrica.com. December 3, 2018, accessed February 16, 2019 .
- Banque Centrale de Tunisie, 25ème Rapport d'activité. Exercice 1983 .
- Eduardo Fernández Fenocchi, Matías Piñeiro da Rosa, Gastón Sorrento Fenocchi: Aplicación del Cuadro de Mando Integral en Nordex SA ( Memento of the original from November 20, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , Montevideo 2012.
- Chiedza N. Zharare: Towards a History of Motoring in Zimbabwe with Particular reference to the Motor Vehicle Industry in Mutare c. 1902 to 2015 , Diss. Midlands State University 2015.
- Spare parts catalog 1981 http://www.504cc.de/images/stories/Ersatzteile/PDF/Ersatzteile_86_FR_2.pdf
- 504 CC model history http://www.504cc.de/de/modellgeschichte
- Sales 1982 http://www.504cc.de/prospekte/prospekt-1982
- Heiko P. Wacker: The Bimobil oldie of the founders Removable living room on Peugeot 504. In: promobil.de. Motor Presse Stuttgart GmbH & Co. KG, November 10, 2017, accessed on January 13, 2018 .
- Archived copy ( memento of the original from January 15, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.