The terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon in the USA on September 11, 2001 , in which around 3,000 people were killed, are considered to be one of the most formative events . The attacks have often been described as a historic turning point and throughout the decade led to ongoing debates about changes in domestic and foreign policy, both in the USA and in Europe . They led the war in Afghanistan into a new phase and founded the Iraq war declared two years later , as a result of which the then dictator Saddam Hussein was overthrown. Based on the event, tensions between the Muslim and Western world increased over the following years.
The rapid rise of China to an industrial nation led to a raw material boom and a new structure of the global economic order. The G20 became an increasingly important international, but informal, association.
As a consequence of global money speculation , a real estate bubble burst in the USA and other European countries at the end of 2007 , which resulted in a global banking crisis that led to the collapse of the major American bank Lehman Brothers . In order to stabilize the banking system, it was decided in several countries to provide the financial institutions with loans through state intervention . As a result of these far-reaching bailouts, the national debt of many countries rose , which led to the euro crisis .
The use of digital media reached a new quality in this decade. The Internet caught on across the board and began to play an increasingly important role in both professional and private everyday life, and use via mobile communications increased. In addition, social networks such as Facebook , Myspace and Twitter became very popular, especially with young people. Blogs increasingly began to establish themselves as online journalism and opinion media. YouTube became the most popular video platform in the world and thus increasingly exerted influence on the cultural and political development of world events. The online encyclopedia Wikipedia was founded on January 15, 2001.
The views, as the decade colloquially can be described, are different. None of the proposals met with unanimous support. The most frequently encountered terms are the 2000s (years) and the noughties , the latter often only since 2009 in the course of the emerging decade reviews. Here is noughties (or DNF ) used more oral and colloquial, while written language, the spelling has prevailed with the year ( 2000s ).
- Decade to Repel Malaria in Developing Countries , especially in Africa ( UN ), 2001 to 2010
- Second International Decade for the Elimination of Colonialism ( UN ), 2001 to 2010
- International Decade for a Culture of Peace and Nonviolence for the Benefit of the Children of the World ( UN ), 2001 to 2010
- Decade to Overcome Violence , 2001-2010: Churches for Peace and Reconciliation, an initiative of the World Council of Churches
- 2000 : After Ariel Sharon’s visit to the Temple Mount in Jerusalem , the Second Intifada begins .
- 2000: George W. Bush is elected 43rd US President in a tight decision on November 7th .
- 2001: Terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001 in the USA .
- 2001: The US war against the Taliban in Afghanistan after the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 in the US begins on October 7th.
- 2001: In Germany , the registered partnership of same-sex partners becomes legally binding.
- 2002 : Introduction of the euro coins and banknotes in the EU .
- 2002: Switzerland becomes a member of the United Nations .
- 2002: Indonesia recognizes the independence of its former province of East Timor , which was declared in 1975 after years of fighting.
- 2003 : The Iraq war of the USA, the UK and the so-called Coalition of the Willing begins.
- 2003: Heat wave in Europe 2003 : Summer of the century in Europe with its peak in the first half of August;
- 2004 : Terrorist attacks on March 11, 2004 in Spain
- 2004: EU enlargement 2004 - On May 1st, 2004 the EU adopts 10 new states, mainly former Eastern Bloc countries, increasing to 25 states.
- 2004: An estimated 300,000 people die in a tsunami caused by an earthquake in the Indian Ocean (December 26th) .
- 2005 : The treaty establishing a constitution for Europe is drawn up, but only ratified by 18 of the then 25 states and replaced in 2007 by a basic EU treaty .
- 2005: Pope John Paul II dies, successor is Joseph Ratzinger as Benedict XVI.
- 2005: Hurricane Katrina wreaks havoc in the southeastern United States and briefly drives raw material prices to a record high.
- 2005: After the federal election , Chancellor Angela Merkel leads a grand coalition in Germany.
- 2006 : Montenegro declares its independence from Serbia after a referendum .
- 2006: In the Middle East finds Israel-Lebanon war instead.
- 2006: Natascha Kampusch , kidnapped in Vienna in 1998, manages to escape from her kidnapper after 8 years of imprisonment.
- 2006: Execution of Saddam Hussein , former dictator of Iraq
- 2007 : With the accession of Romania and Bulgaria , the EU grows to 27 member states.
- 2007: The sales tax in Germany is increased from 16% to 19%.
- 2007: Israeli archaeologists discover the grave of Herod the Great in Herodium, south of Jerusalem .
- 2007: Nicolas Sarkozy is president in France .
- 2008 : Fidel Castro resigns from all political offices as Cuban President due to illness. He is succeeded by his brother Raúl Castro .
- 2008: On February 17th, Kosovo unilaterally declares its independence from Serbia.
- 2008: A major earthquake in Sichuan , China kills an estimated 70,000 people and leaves 5.8 million people homeless.
- 2008: The Union for the Mediterranean is created.
- 2008: The Caucasus conflict between Russia and Georgia escalates.
- 2008: Barack Obama is elected 44th US President on November 4th . He is the first African American to hold this post.
- 2009 : The Lisbon Treaty and the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union enter into force in the European Union .
- 2009: In October it becomes known that Greece is heavily indebted, the " euro crisis " breaks out.
- From March 2000, there was a stock market crash when the so-called “ dot-com bubble ” bursts. The terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 and the fear of the Iraq war in 2003 are also depressing prices.
- In 2002, the common European currency, the euro (€), was introduced as cash in 12 EU countries.
- 2002: Josef Ackermann becomes chairman of the board of directors of Deutsche Bank , immediately converts it into an investment bank and supports the real estate bubble with the bank
- So-called emerging countries such as China and India are increasingly competing with the leading economies of the West and the Far East. China in particular is becoming an industrialized country.
- Globalization is becoming a catchphrase for global economic development. Critics of globalization like Attac protest against it.
- There is increasing privatization and IPOs of Chinese companies as part of the change there, but also worldwide. On the stock exchange, there is a worldwide switch from floor trading to electronic platforms.
- The euro exchange rate reached a new high against the US dollar in 2008 . The crude oil prices and prices of other commodities climb to record levels.
- Since the end of 2007 / beginning of 2008, primarily the USA, but also some countries in Europe, have been stuck in the worst financial crisis since 1945.
- Global warming and climate change are hotly debated topics everywhere from the second half of the decade. Weather capers around the world are attributed to climate change due to their frequency and destructive power and are referred to as climate catastrophe . Whether this is the case is discussed everywhere.
- Since 2007, for the first time in human history, more people have lived in cities than in rural areas.
- There is a fantasy boom. More and more books are being published and films are being made. This is mainly due to the media hype surrounding Harry Potter and the film adaptation of The Lord of the Rings .
- Social networks such as Myspace or Facebook are becoming increasingly popular, especially among young people.
- The online encyclopedia Wikipedia is increasingly displacing the classic lexicons .
- The Generation Y (Gen Y short) - or "Millennials" who were born in 1980 to 1999 - appears in public. At the same time, this is the first generation of digital natives .
- 2001: The iPod comes onto the market.
- Cell phones will reach the masses from 2001. From 2004 onwards they are increasingly equipped with color displays and integrated digital cameras . The so-called downloading of ringtones and songs, etc. a. in MP3 format, inspires children and young people and is quickly becoming a branch of the media landscape. Africa is becoming the mobile phone continent. Towards the end of the decade, touchscreen technologies became the new standard in cell phones. These increasingly have computer functions and are known as smartphones .
- 2007: With the iPhone from Apple , an important smartphone comes onto the market.
- In the middle of the decade, digital cameras largely displaced analog cameras from the market. The first digital cameras with face recognition are produced from 2007 .
- Computers have become a matter of course in everyday life. Computers are being used more and more at work, at school and at home. Flat screens are gradually replacing cathode ray tube monitors .
- The world of video games is reaching the 7th generation in the form of game consoles such as B. the Wii , the PlayStation 3 or the Xbox 360 .
- The internet is more popular than ever. Its spread is accelerated by broadband technology . Spam emails are quickly seen as a nuisance. Instant messaging is becoming more and more popular. I.a. From the middle of the decade on, the YouTube Internet platform will enable everyone to easily exchange videos, while online auctions with eBay as the market leader in Germany are booming and are changing the buying behavior of large numbers of people.
- Online games are especially popular thanks to the MMORPG World of Warcraft .
- DVD players and recorders solve the beginning of the decade, VHS - VCR off. Projectors and flat screens ( LCD or plasma screens ) are finding their way into private living rooms.
- In 2008, the Blu-ray Disc prevailed against the HD DVD in the years of high-definition format war and is considered the legitimate successor to the DVD.
- USB sticks are replacing optical data carriers as mobile mass storage media.
- Nokia designs with the Nokia 770 , the first Internet-enabled tablet , thus ushering in a new generation of devices.
- MP3 players are emerging, increasingly integrated into cell phones. They are ousting portable CD players from the market.
- Global navigation satellite system ( GPS ) and satellite-based navigation systems are changing traffic, transport and the military and are increasingly being integrated into cell phones.
- UMTS , the third generation (3G) cellular standard, offers high data transmission rates and enables fast mobile Internet use.
- Renewable energies (solar, wind and water power) are becoming increasingly widespread, at least in Europe.
- E-government makes it easier for citizens to access information from authorities.
- The first hydrogen filling stations appear in North America and Europe. Hybrid electric vehicles are increasingly appearing in western industrialized countries and the electric motor is increasingly complementing combustion engines ( hybrid drive ).
- The 2000s are considered to be the beginning of the digital television age: DVB via satellite and cable , as well as from the middle of the decade DVB-T (terrestrial) are slowly but not comprehensively replacing the analog processes. IPTV is developing.
- Free video portals on the Internet such as YouTube and Internet TV software solutions such as Joost represent new, self-determined alternatives to television programming.
- Casting shows , reality TV formats, quiz shows , ranking shows , documentary soaps and cooking shows are becoming more and more popular. The pioneer in this is the reality show Big Brother , which is broadcast worldwide and which has accompanied ten seasons in Germany for the entire decade. Call-in shows are increasingly coming under fire.
- After the children's channel Nickelodeon was discontinued in 1998 and the restart failed in 2000, the channel started again in 2005 under the name NICK .
- High definition television becomes popular at the end of the decade as more and more TV stations switch to this form of transmission.
- The UK quiz show Who Wants to be a Millionaire? becomes very successful worldwide and gives the previously troubled quiz show genre a new boom. The German offshoot Who Wants to Be a Millionaire? is one of the most successful worldwide and helps Günther Jauch to break through as a moderator.
- Fantasy boom: cinematic adaptations of the bestselling series Harry Potter , The Lord of the Rings , The Chronicles of Narnia and Twilight
- Full-length CGI films are becoming popular: productions such as Shrek , Ice Age and Finding Nemo are breaking attendance records for cartoons
- Renaissance of American superhero comics in the cinema: Spider-Man , Batman , Hulk , Fantastic Four , Superman , Iron Man and X-Men
- At the end of the 2000s, thanks to newly developed digital technology, 3D cinema experienced a new boom - with blockbusters such as Avatar - the departure to Pandora , Ice Age 3 or Final Destination 4 . The higher admission prices ensure increasing box office sales worldwide.
Individual contributions internationally
Individual contributions national
Oscar Winner (Best Picture)
- 2000: American Beauty
- 2001: Gladiator
- 2002: A Beautiful Mind - Genius and Madness
- 2003: Chicago
- 2004: The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King
- 2005: Million Dollar Baby
- 2006: LA Crash
- 2007: Departed
- 2008: No Country for Old Men
- 2009: Slumdog Millionaire
Palme d'Or at the Cannes Film Festival
- 2000: Dancer in the Dark
- 2001: my son's room
- 2002: the pianist
- 2003: Elephant
- 2004: Fahrenheit 9/11
- 2005: the child
- 2006: The Wind That Shakes the Barley
- 2007: 4 months, 3 weeks and 2 days
- 2008: The class
- 2009: The White Ribbon - A German Children's Story
- While the music world was mainly influenced by television in the 1990s, it is increasingly the Internet in the 2000s. Hits and stars are more and more often no longer made on music television , but through distribution on online platforms such as Myspace, Facebook and YouTube. The downloading of music is increasingly replacing the purchase of physical media such as CDs and DVDs. However, since the music industry only recognized the possibilities of legal downloading late and instead took legal action against online portals such as Napster for a long time , it was increasingly in a crisis in the 2000s that led to the closure of labels and the dismissal of employees and artists.
- American rapper Eminem is the most commercially successful artist of the decade, with 32.2 million albums sold in the United States during the 2000s alone.
- Hip-hop is also successful in Germany. So-called German ghetto rap (e.g. Sido , Bushido ) comes under criticism because of texts and swear words that some critics call degrading against minorities. Some songs are indexed by the federal inspection agency.
- Different styles of black music like RnB and Soul are becoming increasingly popular worldwide. Jennifer Lopez , Destiny's Child , Usher and Rihanna are among the most successful US RnB acts of the 2000s , and a successful local scene can also form in Germany, particularly with Xavier Naidoo and his sons in Mannheim , but also with Laith Al-Deen , for example . Towards the end of the decade, the RnB sound is increasingly determined by the addition of electronic elements .
- Boy and girl groups are not as popular as they were in the 1990s, but in the early to mid-2000s such casting projects can still achieve chart successes around the world. Examples of successful boy groups include Westlife , Blue , O-Town , Natural and US5 , and successful girl groups include Atomic Kitten , Sugababes and the No Angels .
- From the mid-2000s, British singers such as Amy Winehouse , Duffy and Joss Stone made classical soul and jazz increasingly popular in pop music.
- Nu Metal reached the peak of its popularity in 2000 and 2001 and almost seamlessly replaced grunge as the most popular music of the alternative youth. Both established ( Korn , Limp Bizkit ) and newcomer bands ( Linkin Park , System of a Down , Papa Roach , Slipknot ) achieved global chart success in the early 2000s.
- Around 2003 the popularity of nu metal declined and from the mid-2000s other styles of rock music gained importance, such as emo (major bands: Jimmy Eat World , My Chemical Romance , Dashboard Confessional ), neo- garage rock (including The Strokes , The Hives , The Vines , The White Stripes ) and Alternative Rock (including Incubus , Lostprophets , Billy Talent ).
- Especially through the Finnish band HIM and later also The Rasmus and Evanescence , Gothic and Dark Rock are gaining popularity as a musical genre, as are Gothic and the black scene in general as a mainstream clothing and lifestyle. As a result, mainstream-oriented pop rock bands such as Vanilla Ninja , Nu Pagadi and Tokio Hotel appear , which are musically and aesthetically based on Gothic and the black scene and thus have great success with predominantly female young people.
- In Great Britain, around 2005 in particular, a new generation of Britpop- influenced indie rock bands established themselves, giving new impulses to Brit, indie and alternative rock. Important representatives are u. a. Franz Ferdinand , Arctic Monkeys , Bloc Party , Maximo Park and the Kaiser Chiefs .
- post-grunge due to their more commercial, pop - More oriented sounds have very little reputation among many rock fans and are not seen as authentic. Well-known examples are Nickelback , 3 Doors Down , Matchbox Twenty , Creed , Staind , Hoobastank , Lifehouse and Puddle of Mudd .
- After metal was initially dominated by Nu Metal in the early 2000s, after Nu Metal's popularity waned, other types of Metal became more popular among youth around the world, such as Symphonic Metal ( Nightwish , Within Temptation ) and Metalcore ( Killswitch Engage , Heaven Shall Burn ). In addition, bands that are approaching traditional heavy metal in appearance and sound are also gaining popularity, such as HammerFall and Bullet For My Valentine . Heavy metal veterans like Metallica , AC / DC , Iron Maiden and Manowar enjoy unbroken popularity and tour sold out halls and stadiums around the world.
- German-language music was already enjoying great popularity in the German-speaking area in 2000. This trend continued in the 2000s: in the middle of the decade new bands such as Wir sind Helden , Juli and Silbermond appeared , and veterans of German-language pop and rock music such as Herbert Grönemeyer , Die Ärzte , Die Toten Hosen and Böhse Onkelz continued to be very successful . Some politicians are calling for a radio quota for German-language music.
- The appearance of Avril Lavigne in 2002 caused a boom in punk- influenced pop rock performed by young women. Examples of musicians with a similar style are Kelly Clarkson , Ana Johnsson and Ashlee Simpson .
- On September 5, 2001, the play ORGAN² / ASLSP by John Cage will be started in St. Burchardi Church in Halberstadt . At 639 years old, it is the slowest and longest lasting piece of music in the world.
- The German charts, but also those in other countries around the world, are partly dominated by former casting show participants and winners. At the beginning of the decade, the New Zealand format Popstars was initially successful worldwide, but from around 2002 it was quickly overtaken by the British format Pop Idol and its worldwide offshoots ( Germany is looking for the superstar in Germany , American Idol in the USA ). However, many of these winners cannot build a sustainable career and at best become one-hit wonders . Kelly Clarkson and Leona Lewis are exceptions .
- The German band Tokio Hotel storms the German charts from 2005. They release three number one albums and have won many awards, such as a Bambi , three Echos and six Comets . They are celebrating international success and have received the gold record 18 times and the platinum record 30 times in a total of thirteen different countries.
- Among the festivals, the Wacken Open Air can develop into the largest metal festival in the world. But festivals such as Rock am Ring or Rock im Park are still very popular and sell out almost every year.
- From 2008 to make singers like Rihanna , Britney Spears , and especially Lady Gaga to electropop and Nu Disco the most important genre in popular music.
- Michael Jackson dies on June 25, 2009 . His music dominated the global charts in the following weeks.
- Even after their breakthrough in the 1980s, sneakers remain very popular casual shoes, increasingly also among adults.
- For many young people as I continue to be a heavily on the in the 1990s hip-hop - and skaters popular influenced scene dress style, this includes hats, baseball caps , gold chains, hoodies , baggy pants , sweatpants and sneakers and other athletic shoes.
- Punks and Nu Metallers also like to wear long hair, often with dreadlocks , as well as hats, goatees and piercings .
- The image of the metrosexual man is establishing itself in society.
- Skinny jeans and balloon pants are experiencing a revival.
- The plastic Crocs shoes became more widespread in the mid-2000s.
- The emo look, triggered by bands like Tokio Hotel and My Chemical Romance , is becoming popular with young people.
- The clothing style of the black scene is also increasingly penetrating the mainstream, so black clothing, black make-up, black or colored hair and scene-typical jewelry are becoming popular among teenagers and young adults.
- Reality TV stars such as B. Paris Hilton are considered fashion icons of this decade.
- Documenta 11 , 2002
- The exhibition at Das MoMA in Berlin in 2004 attracts many visitors.
- Documenta 12 , 2007
- The Most Beautiful French Come from New York is an exhibition at the New York Metropolitan Museum of Art in Berlin, 2007.
- XXVII. Summer Olympics in Sydney 2000; September 15, 2000 to October 1, 2000
- XIX. Winter Olympic Games in Salt Lake City in 2002; February 8 to February 24, 2002
- XXVIII. Olympic Summer Games in Athens 2004; August 13 to August 29, 2004
- XX. Olympic Winter Games in Turin 2006; February 10 to February 26, 2006
- XXIX. 2008 Summer Olympic Games in Beijing ; August 8 to August 24, 2008
- Michael Schumacher became Formula 1 world champion five times in a row in a Ferrari from 2000 to 2004 . In 2006 the seven-time world champion ended his active career in order to announce his comeback in the 2010 season on Mercedes in December 2009 . 2005 and 2006 is Fernando Alonso at Renault world champion. 2007 will be Kimi Raikkonen to Ferrari world champion, the season is overshadowed by the espionage affair . In 2008 the title went to Lewis Hamilton in a McLaren-Mercedes and in 2009 to Jenson Button in a Brawn-Mercedes .
- At the 2002 World Cup in South Korea / Japan , Brazil wins the final against the German national team 2-0.
- At the 2003 women's soccer World Cup, the German women's national soccer team won the title in the final against Sweden. In 2007 the German team became world champions after beating Brazil.
- At the 2004 European Football Championship in Portugal , Greece won the title completely surprisingly and unexpectedly under German coach Otto Rehhagel after sensational victories over France , the Czech Republic and Portugal.
- At the 2006 World Cup in Germany, Italy won the World Cup by defeating France on penalties in Berlin . The German national team under national coach Jürgen Klinsmann reached third place. The World Cup triggers an unprecedented euphoria in Germany, see also summer fairy tales .
- At the 2007 men's handball world championship in Germany, Germany won the gold medal as the host country.
- At the European Football Championship in Austria and Switzerland in 2008 , Spain won the title after beating Germany 1-0 in the final in Vienna .
- Roger Federer wins the tennis Grand Slam tournament at Wimbledon six times (2003–2007, 2009). With a total of 15 Grand Slam titles, he is the sole record holder.
- The American cyclist Lance Armstrong wins the Tour de France seven times in a row (1999-2005) and thus sets a new record for the most Tour de France victories in a row and overall. However, he has been accused of doping since the beginning of his career . However, it was not until 2012 that he could be proven doping, which led to a life ban by the UCI and the withdrawal of his Tour de France victories.
- Otherwise, cycling is repeatedly shaken by doping allegations and confessions. Floyd Landis' 2006 Tour victory was revoked in 2007 because of doping. Other well-known examples are Jan Ullrich and his involvement in the Fuentes doping scandal and the doping affair at Team Telekom .
- At the 2009 World Athletics Championships in Berlin, the Jamaican sprinter Usain Bolt set two world records that were previously believed to be unattainable with 9.58 seconds in the 100-meter run and 19.19 seconds in the 200-meter run .
- The US swimmer Michael Phelps achieved a total of 14 Olympic victories at the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney, 2004 in Athens and 2008 in Beijing, making him the most successful Olympic athlete of all time.
- noughties. Duden online, accessed April 30, 2012 .
- How do you describe the decades between 2000 and 2020? German Language Stack Exchange, accessed February 20, 2015 .
- Occurrence of the word "climate change" in the Google News archive.
- World Urbanization Prospects: The 2014 Revision, Highlights (ST / ESA / SER.A / 352). (PDF) United Nations , Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division, 2014, p. 11 , accessed on April 1, 2018 (English): “In 2007, for the first time in history, the global urban population exceeded the global rural population, ... "
- Ftd: Handy-Continent Afrika ( Memento from November 23, 2007 in the Internet Archive )
- The best cell phones with touchscreen on chip.de.
- Rip off on TV , in: SZ from May 8, 2007.
- Thanks to 3D: Hollywood studios celebrate higher sales on digitalfernsehen.de.
- Eminem = most successful artist of the 2000s , on billboard.com, English. Retrieved September 8, 2012.
- Eminem's album sales in the US during the 2000s , on mtv.com, December 8, 2009, English. Retrieved September 8, 2012.
- Bundesprüfstelle puts rap songs on the index , in: Die Welt from June 29, 2005.
- In Defense of Post-Grunge Music. In: Consequence of Sound. October 7, 2013, accessed February 8, 2019 .
- New German perfect wave , in: SZ of December 24, 2004.
- look back at the It decade , in: Welt Online Lifestyle from December 29, 2009.