Electronic dance music

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Electronic dance music

Development phase: 1980s
Place of origin: United StatesUnited States United States , Germany , Netherlands
Stylistic precursors
Disco music
Instruments typical of the genre
SynthesizerDrum computerSequencerSamplerMusic workstationMusic software
Styles of music
Acid HouseAcid TechnoBass HouseBigroomBreakbeatBreakcoreChiptuneCrunkDeep HouseDeep TranceDigital HardcoreDiscoDownbeatDubstepDrum 'n' BassEBMElectroElectro-IndustrialElectronicaEuro Disco / EurodanceFrenchcoreFuture HouseFuture PopGabberHappy HardcoreHardcore TechnoHands upHardstyleHi-NRGHip HouseHouseItalo DiscoMinimal ElectroMinimal TechnoNew BeatProgressive HouseProgressive TrancePsytranceSynthie PopSchranzTechnoTranceTrapTropical HouseTwo Step
Derived forms
Intelligent dance music

As electronic dance music ( English electronic dance music , abbr. EDM is called a wealth of) danceable music styles of electronic music . They use electronic instruments such as synthesizers and samplers , and since the 1990s also native processing (software-based music production in the form of software synthesizers and software samplers ). In general, all sounds except for any voices that may be present are generated synthetically, but it is not uncommon for non-electronic instruments to be built into the arrangement in the form of samples . Acoustic instruments such as guitars and drums, on the other hand, are rarely used.


During the 2000s, dance music or dance became a synonym for certain parts of electronic dance music , whereby this term, especially in non-English-speaking countries, primarily describes the "more mass-produced" styles of electronic dance music, e.g. dance-pop , Italo Disco , Euro Disco and Eurodance .

In the course of the 2010s, the term established itself more and more as a synonym for more aggressive and danceable variants of house music, for which the increasing popularity of the festival scene was decisive. The term primarily encompassed the genres progressive and big room house , the speed of which is to be settled at 128 bpm .

In parts of German techno culture , the English term Electronic Dance Music (EDM) in particular often has negative connotations: Although techno itself is formally part of EDM , it is understood to be a “commercial” variant of house designed especially for the mass audience in the USA as represented by DJs like David Guetta , Calvin Harris , Bob Sinclar or Avicii . In the words of Berghain - Resident Ben Klock combines EDM and Underground nothing together.

Characteristic elements

People dance in a nightclub

Electronic dance music is mostly based on the so-called repetitive arrangement , in which a trance-like effect is created by means of constant repetition of melody and rhythm patterns . In most styles, the liveliness of the music is achieved through slight changes to the patterns (for example through filter effects such as with Acid ) or surprising interjections (such as with Minimal Techno ). But there are also styles that rely on the traditional song scheme, such as Eurodance , and others in which both elements are combined, such as trance .


In clubs Music electronically produced is often of analog vinyl records played

The repetitive arrangement goes back to the US electronic musicians of the so-called minimal music movement (e.g. Steve Reich ), who experimented with minimalist, repetitive arrangements played by traditional instruments in the 1960s. This type of arrangement was adopted into pop music by numerous bands in the late 1960s. Especially within the so-called Krautrock movement, experiments in this direction were frequent, as the works by Can , Tangerine Dream and Klaus Schulze show. Particularly influential, however, was the German band Kraftwerk , which in the 1970s was the first band to use completely electronic, danceable beats as the basis of music.

In the USA, a new DJ culture sprouted in the 1970s , which was closely linked to the so-called disco music scene , but also to the newly emerging hip-hop . From now on, the disc jockeys no longer limited themselves to simply “putting on” pieces of music, but experimented with the records by repeatedly playing individual rhythm fragments as so-called loops . This scene gave rise to so-called house music , the first recognized style of electronic dance music.

The electro-funk style combined both elements for the first time - European synthpop and American house or hip-hop - and developed numerous sub-genres and further developments in Europe and the USA from the beginning of the 1980s, some of which were more closely related to pop, but also pure Put on the danceable aspect (e.g. techno ).

At the end of the 1980s, electronic dance music had its commercial breakthrough. From now on, new sub-genres were created almost every year, which mixed the new form of music with other elements such as rock , pop , reggae and gothic . To this day, electronic dance music has become an essential part of pop music, which has fundamentally influenced not only music but also fashion. One example is the raves , mass events at which people often dance for days to electronic dance music.

See also

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Stop Calling EDM EDM! - Here Is a Proper Definition on "Magnetic Man"
  2. Post on " reddit "
  3. EDM on " Urban Dictionary "
  4. Andreas Hartmann: Die united ravers of America , zeit.de, June 18, 2013, accessed on November 1, 2016.
  5. Rhian Jones: EDM: What's the problem? Where is Electronic Dance Music headed? , imusiciandigital.com, accessed November 1, 2016.
  6. Mona Ruzicka: Oliver Koletzki: "Electronic dance music is not about music" , welt.de, August 9, 2015, accessed on November 1, 2016.
  7. David Garber: Ben Klock: "I am not a techno purist" , vice.com , October 21, 2015, accessed on November 1, 2016.