|The front page of the internet|
|languages||Multilingual , mainly English|
|Registration||optional, required for ratings, comments, and submissions|
|On-line||2005 (currently active)|
Reddit [ rɛdɪt ] is a social news - aggregator , a website , set on the registered user content or offer can. A piece of content can either consist of a link , a video, an image, a survey or a text contribution. Other users can rate the contributions as positive or negative. The ratings influence the position of the post on the respective Reddit page and start page.
Reddit was founded in 2005 by Steve Huffman , Alexis Ohanian and Aaron Swartz and has belonged to Condé Nast Verlag since October 31, 2006 . Due to the steady growth, Reddit was spun off into Reddit Inc. on September 6, 2011 and is now, like Condé Nast, subordinate to the media company Advance Publications .
The name Reddit is a play on words. "I read it on Reddit", where "read (in the past tense ) it" and "Reddit" sound the same. The name of the Reddit mascot designed by Ohanian is Snoo , which arose from the suitcase word Snew for “what's new” , an initial idea by Ohanian as a name for Reddit.
Registered users (often also called Redditors ) can post their contributions in individual, so-called subreddits , sorted by topic . The placement of a post is determined both on the general start page and on the individual start page by age, positive and negative comments and the overall so-called "karma result". This means that dozens of different posts appear on the homepage every day. Users can post content either through external links or through their own posts on Reddit. Own posts (also called self-posts ) contain user-generated texts on specific topics or facts. Other users then rate the contributions either with positive ("upvote") or negative ("downvote") criticism ("feedback"). Users can also comment on contributions and rate comments from others. However, the rating points for comments have no effect on the placement of the post. For contributions or comments that have been positively rated by other users, the respective author receives either link-karma for his contribution or comment-karma for his comment.
Reddit is divided into so-called subreddits , which enable the contributions submitted to be sorted by topic. When submitting an article, the user specifies in which subreddit it should appear. If no suitable subreddit is available, registered users can also create their own subreddits. As a registered user, you also have the option of subscribing to subreddits in order to quickly see new contributions. Articles from the selected subreddits will then appear on the homepage. As of December 2011, Reddit hit more than 100,000 subreddits.
One of the most famous subreddits is IAmA . In this subreddit, the motto between the users is AMA - Ask me anything . In particular, celebrities and well-known people, including Barack Obama , Bill Gates , Bear Grylls , Deadmau5 , Zach Braff , Neil deGrasse Tyson and others, answer questions from the community here. It is up to the users which questions they want to ask. A schedule on the right side of the subreddit gives an overview of the upcoming celebrity AMAs .
On Reddit, karma is your own reputation. The rating system points the way. If your own contributions and comments are rated positively by other users, the respective karma of the user increases. In contrast, the karma decreases with negative reviews. Posts that only contain their own text and no external link (so-called self-posts ) did not receive any karma points until July 2016. There is a counter for evaluating your own contributions and one for your own comments. An individual rating is derived from the sum of the so-called upvotes , minus the downvotes , for the respective contribution. The karma of the respective user is under his profile name.
Since the rating system is crucial for the ranking of the post, it can sometimes happen that the karma is artificially increased. This is done by creating several fake accounts by a user in order to be able to rate a post positively as quickly as possible. In order to maintain the objectivity within the comments, there is a so-called reddiquette (similar to the netiquette ) that users should adhere to when creating their comments. However, this guideline is not mandatory.
Reddit was founded in June 2005 by Steve Huffman and Alexis Ohanian. The start-up incubator Y Combinator provided them with 100,000 US dollars for the foundation . In order to increase the traffic on the website quickly, both created many fake accounts in order to post links from there. In October 2006, Reddit was bought by Condé-Nast publishers for $ 20 million after the website reached 500,000 page visits per day. In early 2008, Reddit introduced that any user could create their own subreddits. In February 2011, the website reached 1 billion views in a month for the first time and even 1.6 billion in September of the same year. As a result, Reddit was spun off from Condé-Nast-Verlag and continued as reddit.inc .
On June 17, 2008 it was announced that Reddit would be an open source project from now on . With the exception of the anti-spam area, the complete code and the tools used can be used free of charge on GitHub .
Reddit gave three reasons for doing this. On the one hand, it was assumed that the further development of the website would be faster through the use of open source. On the other hand, the website should be completely transparent to the user. Another reason for this approach was that Reddit only used open source software for their website up to this point and should now also become part of it.
As of September 1, 2017, Reddit is no longer an open source project.
Reddit Premium and Gold
In July 2010, Reddit launched its new Reddit Gold feature after the website's traffic increased massively. Reddit Gold offers users additional paid features. The costs for this are at 3.99 USD per month or 29.99 USD per year.
Users who have purchased Reddit Gold Membership or who have received a donation from another Redditor will also receive the following benefits:
- Users are shown a trophy on the respective user page.
- Users can switch off advertising and sponsor links.
- Users can see twice as many comments as usual at the same time.
- Users can view up to 100 subreddits and 1,500 comments simultaneously on their own user page.
- Users get a new comment function to see what's new since their last visit.
- Users get access to the Friends with Benefits function. Here you get the opportunity to write notes in your friends list.
- Users can sort saved posts by subreddits and their own categories.
- Users get access to "The Lounge", a "community" only for Redditors with gold membership.
- Users can test beta functions.
- Users receive various special offers from partner companies.
Reddit was giving away a month of Reddit Gold to every user who sent a postcard to the company through September 2016 .
In 2018, Reddit renamed the monthly Reddit Gold subscription to Reddit Premium and added various awards such as Platinum and Silver . Special Community Awards and Mod Awards can also be given. The coins for distributing awards can now also be purchased independently of Reddit Premium .
On September 6, 2011, Reddit was spun off from Condé-Nast-Verlag due to its steady growth and reported directly to the parent company Advance Publications as reddit.inc . Reddit justified this move by stating that the website's traffic had skyrocketed over the past five years. In 2006, the website was visited an average of 700,000 times a day; in 2011, this number was reached every 15 minutes on average.
On January 12, 2012, Reddit decided to participate in a worldwide protest against the Stop Online Piracy Act . As a result of this protest, the website, like many other websites (including Wikipedia ), only displayed a black screen on January 18, 2012 with an explanation of the protest.
User revolt and resignation
Ellen Pao resigned as interim boss on July 10, 2015 after about 8 months. She had fired Victoria Taylor, who took care of the mostly volunteer moderators. Although she had apologized for this personnel decision, a petition from 200,000 users demanded her resignation. Co-founder Steve Huffman is returning to the helm for the time being.
Blocking of 2000 subreddits
In June 2020, Reddit blocked a large number of groups (subreddits) due to a repeated and massive violation of netiquette (forum rules). The groups with the largest number of members were " The_Donald" , in which mainly Donald Trump- related content was shared and which had 790,000 followers, and the group " Chapo Trap House" , a politically left-wing group with 160,000 followers. According to Reddit, hate speech in particular was spread in the closed groups .
On August 29, 2012, US President Barack Obama spoke out on Reddit for re -election with " I am Barack Obama, President of the United States - AMA " (AMA = Ask Me Anything ) during his election campaign. During half an hour he answered the “Redditors” questions. Around 13,000 comments were written within a very short time, so that the high number of hits resulted in a brief total failure of Reddit a little later. Obama's username on Reddit is PresidentObama.
In Russia, access to Reddit was blocked for about one day on August 12, 2015. The reason given is a two-year-old post in which a Reddit user explains in Russian how to grow so-called magic mushrooms .
Since August 13, 2015, access to the watchpeopledie subreddit (roughly: “watch people die”) has been blocked for users with IP addresses belonging to Germany . The Federal Testing Office for Media Harmful to Young People has previously informed Reddit about an indexing procedure, as provided for in Section 21 (7) of the Youth Protection Act. In a public statement in the ChillingEffects subreddit, Reddit announced that they have carried out the blocking in order to ensure the continued existence of the overall offer in Germany. Due to over-blocking and the Humor subreddit was temporarily watchpeopledieInside (like: "look people who die inside") locked.
The software behind Reddit was originally written in Common Lisp , but in December 2005 it was rebuilt in the Python programming language . The main reasons for this were the larger selection of program libraries , better performance and more flexible development options. The software also uses a PostgreSQL database.
Mobile apps also make it possible to use Reddit quickly and easily on smartphones and tablets . In September 2014 the Reddit AMA app for iOS and Android was released, which enables interviews to be read in question-and-answer style from the / r / IAMA subreddit. In October 2014, the company bought the iOS app Alien Blue , which ended up being the official Reddit app until 2016. A new app was developed from Alien Blue , which was simply called "Reddit" and has been the website's official app since 2016. Alien Blue is no longer being developed and can no longer be downloaded.
- Reddit website
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