Britney Spears

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Britney Spears (2013)

Britney Jean Spears (born December 2, 1981 in McComb , Mississippi ) is an American pop singer , songwriter , dancer and actress .

In particular, their first two albums ... Baby One More Time (1999) and ! Oops ... I Did It Again (2000) were great international success, both in a short time to the world's best-selling music albums , they were - as a teenager - the epitome of the Princess of Pop had to be and in the history of music to the revival of teen pop led. In terms of sales, she is the most successful musician of the 2000s.

Spears took on more mature and provocative themes and aesthetics for her next two studio albums, Britney (2001) and In the Zone (2003), and made her feature film debut in a leading role with Crossroads in 2002 . She became the executive producer of her fifth studio album, Blackout (2007), which is considered by critics to be her best work. Due to a number of publicly known personal conflicts, she was involuntarily taken into guardianship in early 2008 . The albums Circus (2008) and Femme Fatale (2011) followed; The latter became the template for their 79-gig Femme Fatale Tour . From 2013 to 2017, she held Britney: Piece of Me in Las Vegas, a permanent show for which she appeared 248 times. During that period she released the albums Britney Jean (2013) and Glory (2016).

Spears has received numerous awards throughout her career, including a Grammy , seven Billboard Music Awards , six MTV Video Music Awards , eight MTV Europe Music Awards , three World Music Awards , thirteen Guinness World Records, and a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame . For life's work , she was honored with the Michael Jackson Video Vanguard Award at the 2011 MTV Video Music Awards and the Billboard Millennium Award at the 2016 Billboard Music Awards.

Spears is one of the most successful artists of all time , with more than 100 million records sold - over 70 million of them exclusively in the USA . In the US, she ranks eighth in the ranking of female performers with the most album sales. She is also one of the most successful singers in Germany . Her certified sales amount to 5.05 million units, making her 8th among the female musicians with the best-selling units in Germany. With 34 singles it stayed in the German single charts for a total of 435 weeks and with 10 albums for 256 weeks .

In 2004, Spears started a perfume brand with the US company Elizabeth Arden Inc. , with sales of over one million items (as of 2012) at 1.5 billion US dollars . In 2012, she was the highest paid woman in the music business with an annual income of $ 58 million, according to Forbes .

Since 2019, Spears has been in a legal battle for self-determination because of the guardianship imposed on her in 2008 .


Spears was born in McComb, Mississippi, in 1981 to Lynne Irene and James Parnell Spears; she grew up in Kentwood . Her maternal grandmother, Lillian Portell, is from London . She has an older brother and a younger sister, Jamie Lynn , who is also a singer and actress.

Until 1998: career start and discovery

Spears began taking dance lessons in her hometown of Kentwood at the age of three. During her childhood she also received gymnastics and singing lessons, and won many competitions and children's talent shows. At the age of eight, she and her mother traveled to Atlanta ( Georgia ) to an audition for the in the 1990s revived Mickey Mouse Club . Casting director Matt Casella turned her down because she was too young, but introduced her to Nancy Carson, a talent scout in New York City. Carson was impressed with her singing and suggested that she enroll in the Professional Performing School of Arts. Shortly thereafter, she and her mother moved into a small New York apartment.

Spears was selected for her first professional role as understudy for the lead role of Tina Denmark in the off-Broadway musical production Ruthless! involved. She also participated as a candidate in the talent show Star Search part and starred in several commercials with. In December 1992 she became a member of the Mickey Mouse Club . There she played with Justin Timberlake - with whom she was dating from 1998 to 2002 -, Christina Aguilera and Ryan Gosling, among others . After the show was canceled, she returned to Kentwood with her mother.

In June 1997, Spears was in conversation with manager Lou Pearlman to join the pop group Innosense . Her mother turned to media attorney Larry Rudolph for advice. He decided to record some demo tapes with Spears. She traveled back to New York City to audition four record companies, but was all turned down. Two weeks later, the senior president of Jive Records called Rudolph and organized a meeting with the managers of Jive Records. Before that she sang Whitney Houston 's I Have Nothing . They decided that producer Eric Foster White should record some songs with her. Then President Clive Calder ordered a full album. She flew to Stockholm , where half of the album was recorded from March to April 1998 with producers Max Martin , Denniz Pop, Rami Yacoub and others.

1999: Successful debut

In 1999 Spears' debut album … Baby One More Time was released , which immediately reached number 1 in the US Billboard charts and was also number 1 in the respective album charts in Germany, Austria , Switzerland , Australia , Canada and Mexico . So far it has sold over 28 million times worldwide. The single of the same name was a number 1 hit in over forty states. The following releases, Sometimes , (You Drive Me) Crazy (The Stop! Remix) and in Europe Born to Make You Happy were also very successful commercially.

At the first Teen Choice Awards in August 1999, Spears won the Choice Single of the Year Award with … Baby One More Time .

At the 1999 MTV Europe Music Awards , Spears won all four nominated categories, Best Song for … Baby One More Time , Best Pop , Best Female and Best New Act . By 2011 she was the only artist to win seven of these awards.

2000–2002: Building an international career

Spears performing "NFL Kickoff Live" (2003)

The next album Oops! ... I Did It Again (2000) was as big a success as the debut album with 20 million units sold. The single releases from the second album reached high chart positions again. With the second single Lucky she landed her second number 1 hit in Germany.

Spears' third album Britney (2001) also reached number 1 on the Billboard charts and in numerous other countries (including Germany), but was no longer sold as often as its predecessor. Unlike the first two albums, she worked with a variety of producers on Britney . In addition to singer and songwriter Dido and the Swedish producer and composer Max Martin , the hip-hop duo The Neptunes - consisting of Chad Hugo and Pharrell Williams - wrote and produced two songs on the album, I'm a Slave 4 U and Boys . These were released as singles. The latter, however, was re-recorded in a new version with Pharrell Williams and appeared under the title Boys (CO-ED Remix) . On Britney alongside pop and rock, R & B and hip-hop elements were first heard. After this album she ended her collaboration with Max Martin. In the same year she appeared on the occasion of Michael Jackson 's 30th stage anniversary in New York's Madison Square Garden and sang his song The Way You Make Me Feel with him .

Spears' film Crossroads grossed over $ 60 million worldwide on a budget of $ 12 million. Both the film and its screenplay were nominated for the Golden Raspberry ; Spears was nominated with her film partner Anson Mount as the worst screen couple as well as the worst actress of the year and won this negative award for the latter .

2003–2004: Image change and new sound

At the MTV Video Music Awards in August 2003, a kiss between Madonna and Spears while they were on stage together hit the headlines.

In November 2003, Spears' fourth album In the Zone was released . Stylistically, the album is very different from its predecessors and is a mixture of R&B , hip-hop and dance - pop . The first single was Me Against the Music - a collaboration with Madonna - released. Especially in Australia and Great Britain the song developed to a success and reached number one in the charts, but also reached high chart positions in several other countries. The most successful single from the fourth album was the second release Toxic . The title also took first place in numerous states, and she received her first Grammy in the category of Best Dance Recording for the song . The next single Everytime - a ballad she wrote herself - became commercially successful and reached first place in various countries.

On January 3, 2004, Spears married her childhood friend Jason Alexander in Las Vegas . However, the marriage was annulled after 55 hours. On September 18, 2004, she married the dancer Kevin Federline in Los Angeles . Their first son was born on September 14, 2005 in Santa Monica , the second was born on September 12, 2006 in Los Angeles. The marriage was divorced in July 2007.

In November 2004, Spears released his first greatest hits album entitled Greatest Hits: My Prerogative . In addition to the biggest hits, the album includes two new songs, My Prerogative - a cover of the 1988 song of the same name by Bobby Brown - and Do Somethin ' .

2005–2008: escapades and scandals

Spears made headlines when she had her head shaved and tattooed on the neck and right forearm in 2007 after the breakdown of their marriage. In February 2007, she went to the Promises rehabilitation center in Malibu , California , which specializes in addiction therapies , but left it after just one day.

In October 2007, Federline was given sole custody of their children, and the court granted Spears visiting rights under supervision. In January 2008, she was taken to a clinic in an ambulance. She had previously barricaded herself with her children in their Los Angeles mansion and was besieged by the police. The fire brigade, police and ambulance were on site after an emergency call was received, "about a custody dispute that we are trying to resolve peacefully," said one official. After hours, she was taken out of the villa on a stretcher. On January 4, 2008, the court revoked her children's visitation rights with provisional effect until January 14 - that is, until the next hearing. On January 31, 2008, she was forcibly sent to UCLA Medical Center because she was a "danger to herself and others." She suffered from mood swings and insomnia .

Due to an urgent petition from her parents, Spears was incapacitated on February 1, 2008 in Los Angeles . Her father was appointed by the court as guardian and since then has managed the multimillionaire's assets in trust together with a lawyer.

2007–2008: musical return

Spears in Boston (2009)

The first single from Spears' next album was titled Gimme More . The song was produced by Nate "Danja" Hills . On September 9, she performed with it at the MTV Video Music Awards 2007. For her sometimes awkward appearance she was often treated with malice; to many observers it seemed to have bottomed out.

The album Blackout was released in October 2007. A spokesman for the record company explained the meaning of the title: Negative feelings and memories should be "switched off", one should concentrate exclusively on the music. The album received surprisingly positive reviews, with the International Herald Tribune calling Blackout the best album of their career. Piece of Me was released as the second single and was commercially successful. The third single was Break the Ice , which, however, was unable to build on the success of the two previous singles due to a complete lack of promotion and reached midfield positions in the charts around the world.

2008–2009: new beginning with circus

In 2008 Spears hired her first manager Larry Rudolph again and had been working on her next album since May of that year, again with Max Martin and Dr. Luke , Lady Gaga and The Outsyders. In September 2008 she opened the MTV Video Music Awards 2008 with a video clip and a short speech . She prevailed in all three nominated categories and won Best Female Video , Best Pop Video and Video of the Year - the most important category of the VMAs - with the video for the single Piece of Me . It was her first MTV Video Music Awards. In contrast to the previous year, she received mostly positive criticism from the press for her outfit and appearance.

On December 2, 2008, Spears' sixth studio album Circus was released. The first single was Womanizer . The video for the single was shot in Los Angeles in September 2008, directed by Joseph Kahn , who was responsible for the clips for Stronger and Toxic . After the debut single … Baby One More Time , this was her second number 1 hit in the US. Also Circus joined the US album charts at first In addition, the second single, Circus, of the same name, made its debut on position 3 on the US Hot 100. At the same time, the number 1 hit Womanizer was placed at 10 - so for several weeks for the first time in her career two of her songs were in the top ten of the US singles charts.

As of 2009, Spears was dating Jason Trawick, with whom she became engaged. In 2013, she announced the split.

In March 2009 Spears started her The Circus Starring: Britney Spears -Tour in New Orleans in front of almost 20,000 spectators, which ended in November of the same year. It was her first full-length concert since 2004. If U Seek Amy was released as the third single from Circus , but could not build on the success of its predecessor. Nevertheless, the single was sold over a million times in the USA and was awarded platinum. Finally, Radar appeared as the fourth and final release from the album. It reached number 88 in the US singles charts. On November 22, 2009, the compilation The Singles Collection followed , which entered the US at number 22.

2011–2012: Femme Fatale

Spears on The X Factor (2012)

On January 10, 2011, the single Hold It Against Me was released. The song sold more than a million copies and went platinum. Till the World Ends followed in March 2011 ; the song was a. written by the singer Kesha . The album Femme Fatale , which was released on March 25, 2011, was released by , Dr. Luke, Max Martin and also Darkchild produced. The album reached number 1 on the Billboard charts and was in the top ten in numerous countries.

On June 16, 2011 the Femme Fatale Tour started in Sacramento , which included 79 performances, 39 of them in North America , 26 in Europe, 13 in Central and South America and for the first time a concert in Dubai . At the MTV Video Music Awards - which took place on 28 August 2011 - Spears was for her single Till the World Ends in the categories Best Choreography and Pop Video Best nominated. She won the Best Pop Video award for the third time. She was also awarded the Video Vanguard Award . In October 2011, the fourth single from the album Criminal was released. The music video for the song has been banned from YouTube because it violates the platform's guidelines due to the nude and violent scenes.

On May 10, 2012, it was announced that Spears would be on the jury for the US X-Factor edition . On September 11, 2012, she and fellow jurors Simon Cowell , LA Reid and Demi Lovato got her hands on cement in front of Grauman's Chinese Theater .

In December 2012 Scream & Shout , a collaboration between Spears and , was released. The song was awarded triple platinum in the US and was their 13th top 10 hit in the US charts.

2013–2015: Britney Jean and Piece of Me Tour

In June 2013, Spears contributed the song Ooh La La to the soundtrack of the movie The Smurfs 2 . In September 2013, the lead single Work Bitch from their eighth studio album Britney Jean was released. The album was released at the end of November and, despite numerous good positions in the download charts, could not build on the success of Femme Fatale . It reached number 20 in the German album charts, making it their first long player that did not reach the top 10 in Germany. In England the record reached number 34 on the album charts and number 4 in the USA.

On December 26, 2013, the show Britney: Piece of Me started at the Planet Hollywood Resort and Casino in Las Vegas . The VIP tickets were sold out within a few hours. The show brought the hotel $ 20 million in profit, according to the Las Vegas Sun. On November 5, 2014, Spears was symbolically presented with the key to the city of Las Vegas and her own "holiday". In January 2014 she received her first People's Choice Award in the Favorite Pop Artist category .

From October 2014 to June 2015, Spears dated Charles Ebersol, son of radio and television personality Dick Ebersol .

On May 4, 2015, the single Pretty Girls was released in collaboration with Iggy Azalea . The song rose to number 29 on the US pop chart and was featured at the 2015 Billboard Music Awards . The piece has been nominated for several awards, including two Teen Choice Awards and a World Music Award.

Spears at the 2016 Apple Music Festival in London

2016–2018: Glory , Britney: Live in Concert and Piece of Me Exclusive Limited Tour

On May 22, 2016, Spears was honored with the Billboard Millennium Award, previously only presented twice, at the 2016 Billboard Music Awards . She sang a medley of her greatest hits at the beginning of the show. The first single of their ninth studio album is called Make Me and was released in July 2016. The song was recorded in collaboration with musician G-Eazy . The piece placed in the top 20 of the US pop charts in its first week.

On September 4, 2016, Spears' album Glory debuted at number 3 on the US pop charts and reached number 172 on the Billboard annual album charts. The music magazine Rolling Stone named the best 20 pop albums of the year on December 19, 2016, with their album Glory reaching fifth place. In January 2017 she received four awards at the People's Choice Awards, winning in all nominated categories, including Best Artist and Best Pop Singer. From July to July 2017 she held her ninth concert tour with Britney: Live in Concert , which consisted of 11 performances and - with the exception of one performance in Israel - took place exclusively in Asia .

From July to October 2018, Piece of Me: Exclusive Limited Tour followed Spears' tenth concert tour, during which she performed a total of 31 times in North America and Europe.

Since 2019: dispute on guardianship

On January 4, 2019, Spears announced a "permanent break from work" and canceled a stay in Las Vegas after her father, Jamie Spears, suffered a herniated colon. In March 2019, Andrew Wallet stepped down as her wealth manager after 11 years. Stressed by her father's illness, Spears sought psychiatric treatment that month. Following the release of a podcast titled Britney's Gram claiming she was being held under guardianship against her will in a psychiatric clinic, the FreeBritney hashtag started a movement popularized by her fans and fellow singers like Cher , Paris Hilton and Miley Cyrus and the American Civil Liberties Union was supported. In late April 2019, she let the movement know that she had left the mental health facility and was fine. Because of their guardianship , the FreeBritney hashtag was used by celebrities and fans for comments on social media in the years that followed.

An "Expert Assessment" on guardianship of Spears was held at a hearing in May 2019. In September 2019, her ex-husband Federline applied for an injunction against him after an alleged physical altercation between her father Jamie and one of her sons . Jodi Montgomery - a longtime manager of Spears - temporarily replaced her father as guardian in September 2019.

In August 2020, Spears moved to end her father's guardianship, appoint Montgomery as a permanent guardian, and replace her father with a professional financial trustee of her property. In the same month, a court ruled against her wishes and extended her father's guardianship until at least February 2021. She then announced that she would no longer perform as a singer as long as her father's guardianship was maintained. In November 2020, a court approved a multi-family office as a financial trustee alongside her father. In February 2021, a court ruled that she would continue to be under her father's guardianship and that her property would continue to be under the supervision of two legal entities. In June 2021, Spears stated that she lied about her state of mind in a court - where she appealed to end her guardianship. In reality she is traumatized, feels exploited by her family and managers, is controlled by everyone and cannot determine her own life. The guardianship also does not allow her to marry or to go to a gynecologist's appointment to end her contraception , thus preventing her from further family planning.


Spears' star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame

The music magazine Rolling Stone called Spears "one of the most controversial and successful singers of the 21st century". According to the magazine in another article, it changed the sound of pop music forever. She is named "Best-Selling Female Artist" by the Guinness Book of Records because her debut album ... Baby One More Time has sold over 14 million copies in the United States to date, and 30 million worldwide. Before she turned 20, she had sold more than 37 million albums worldwide.

Barbara Ellen of the Observer wrote: “Spears is famously one of the oldest icons teenage pop has ever produced, in terms of focus and determination at her age. Many 19 year olds haven't even worked while Britney is a kid with a full-time career. While other girls are putting posters on their room walls, Britney is the one on the wall. While other children develop at their own pace, the American entertainment industry pushed Britney through the market at a pace ”.

In the 2000s, Spears was on average the most searched person on the Internet using search engines worldwide.

At the age of 29, Spears received the Video Vanguard Award. She was honored for her influences in the music industry and for her music videos and stage appearances. The award was presented to her by Lady Gaga , and at the award she said that the [music] industry would not be the same without her. Spears is the youngest artist to date to receive the Vanguard Award.

From January 2019 to April 2020, a Spears-themed interactive museum with associated pop-up sales was open in Los Angeles .

In February 2021, the New York Times published a controversial documentary about Spears called Framing Britney .


Spears achieved her great success at a relatively young age.

Examples are:

  • To date (2021) ... Baby One More Time is the best-selling debut album by an artist ever to be released in the USA. The Rolling Stone magazine named the eponymous single for "greatest debut single of all time"
  • ... Baby One More Time is also one of the 25 most successful albums of all time, with 30 million copies sold.
  • Spears' second album Oops! … I Did It Again sold 1.3 million copies in the US alone and 2.4 million worldwide in the first week. No other artist has been able to do this to date.
  • Spears is the youngest singer ever to be immortalized on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
  • Spears is the only interpreter in the history of Nielsen SoundScan (USA) who was able to sell at least 500,000 albums in the first week with at least four albums ( Oops! ... I Did It Again opened in 2000 with 1.3 million, Britney 2001 with 746,000, In the Zone 2003 with 609,000 and Circus 2008 with 505,000 copies).
  • Spears sold the most albums of all female artists in the US in the 2000s and ranks second overall behind Eminem .

Advertising contracts

In 2000, Spears promoted the cell phone manufacturer Motorola , for which Motorola sponsored their tour in 2000. In 2001, Spears signed a deal with the shoe company Skechers . The campaign should also make the brand popular in Europe. In January 2001, Skechers began promoting her in Japan . From 2001 to 2004 she promoted Pepsi .

In 2002, Spears released her first video game called Britneys Dance Beat , which received positive reviews. In March 2009 she was introduced as the new face of the Candie’s fashion brand ; In 2010 a limited line of the brand was dedicated to her. In the fall of 2012, Hasbro released a dance version of its classic game Twister . The game Twister Dance contains a remix of Spears' song Till the World Ends and has been available since September 2012. A commercial was shot to promote the game. Directed by Ray Kay, with whom Spears had already made two videos.

In collaboration with the fashion brand Candie's and Kohl's, Spears released her first fashion collection on July 1, 2010, for which she had already worked as a model for two years. In September 2014, their first nightwear collection was presented at New York Fashion Week . In Europe, the collection is distributed exclusively by the Danish chain Change .


Spears released eleven fragrances with Elizabeth Arden . Her first perfume , Curious , was launched back in 2004. So far, this fragrance alone has made a profit of $ 52 million. Her fragrances were sold a million times worldwide within five years. The Fantasy Twist fragrance was launched in autumn 2012 ; the accompanying commercial was published in October 2012.


Studio albums

year Title
music label
Top ranking, total weeks, awardChart placementsChart placementsTemplate: chart table / maintenance / without sources
(Year, title, music label , placements, weeks, awards, notes)
1999 ... Baby One More Time
Triple gold
× 3
Triple gold

(63 weeks)DE

(44 weeks)AT

(65 weeks)CH
Quadruple platinum
× 4
Quadruple platinum

(103 weeks)UK
Diamond + quadruple platinum
Diamond + quadruple platinum
× 4
Diamond + quadruple platinum

(103 weeks)US
First published:
Jan 12, 1999 Sales: + 16,840,000
2000 Oops! ... I Did It Again
Triple platinum
× 3
Triple platinum

(50 weeks)DE
Double platinum
× 2
Double platinum

(47 weeks)AT
Double platinum
× 2
Double platinum

(49 weeks)CH
Triple platinum
× 3
Triple platinum

(53 weeks)UK

(84 weeks)US
First published: May 16, 2000
Sales: + 15,614,000
2001 Britney

(39 weeks)DE

(46 weeks)AT
Double platinum
× 2
Double platinum

(35 weeks)CH

(42 weeks)UK
Quadruple platinum
× 4
Quadruple platinum

(58 weeks)US
First published: November 6, 2001
Sales: + 7,353,500
2003 In the Zone

(39 weeks)DE

(38 weeks)AT

(39 weeks)CH

(43 weeks)UK
Triple platinum
× 3
Triple platinum

(45 weeks)US
First published: November 12, 2003
Sales: + 4,975,552
2007 Blackout
DE10 (17 weeks)
AT6 (13 weeks)
CH4 (13 weeks)

(31 weeks)UK

(34 weeks)US
First published: October 25, 2007
Sales: + 1,765,500
2008 Circus

(20 weeks)DE
AT9 (15 weeks)

(16 weeks)CH

(31 weeks)UK

(42 weeks)US
First published: November 28, 2008
Sales: + 2,760,000
2011 Femme Fatale
DE10 (6 weeks)
AT10 (4 weeks)
CH2 (25 weeks)

(9 weeks)UK

(33 weeks)US
First published: March 25, 2011
Sales: + 1,235,500
2013 Britney Jean
DE20 (2 weeks)
AT13 (1 week)
CH9 (5 weeks)
UK34 (2 weeks)

(11 weeks)US
First published: November 29, 2013
Sales: + 360,000
2016 Glory
DE3 (3 weeks)
AT6 (2 weeks)
CH4 (4 weeks)
UK2 (3 weeks)
US3 (8 weeks)
First published: August 26, 2016
Sales: + 111,000

Awards (selection)

Spears received a total of 232 awards over the course of her life (as of February 2021). She was nominated for 490 more.

For a full list of their awards, see the Wikipedia page: List of awards and nominations received by Britney Spears

Honors for outstanding achievements

Billboard Music Awards

  • 2016: Billboard Millennium Award (Lifetime Achievement)

MTV Video Music Awards

  • 2011: Video Vanguard Award (Lifetime Achievement)

Teen Choice Awards

  • 2009: Ultimate Choice Award (Lifetime Achievement)

Hollywood Walk of Fame

Selection of further awards

Grammy Awards




MTV Video Music Awards

MTV Europe Music Awards

MTV Asia Awards

  • 2002: Best Female Artist

World Music Awards

Golden Raspberry

Video games

Filmography (selection)

watch TV



Web links

Commons : Britney Spears  - Collection of Images, Videos and Audio Files

Individual evidence

  1. Britney Spears: Best-Selling Female Artist of the Decade! , July 21, 2010, accessed August 16, 2016
  2. ^ Rob Sheffield: Sheffield on Britney Spears, `` Blackout, 'Her Punk Masterpiece. In: Rolling Stone. October 30, 2017, Retrieved February 7, 2021 (American English).
  3. Finally, our elected officials are giving Britney Spears the respect she deserves , November 6, 2014, accessed August 16, 2016
  4. Ask Billboard: Britney Spears' Career Album & Song Sales, on the 20th Anniversary of '... Baby One More Time'. Accessed February 7, 2021 .
  5. ^ Hunter Schwarz: Finally, our elected officials are giving Britney Spears the respect she deserves. In: Washington Post. Retrieved February 7, 2021 (American English).
  6. Gold & Platinum. Retrieved February 7, 2021 (American English).
  9. Britney Spears 'X Factor' Deal: By The Numbers - MTV. August 21, 2014, accessed February 7, 2021 .
  10. The World's Highest-Paid Musicians 2012
  11. Exclusive: First photos of Britney Spears' newly-discovered British family
  12. The Star Search Legacy Training Ground for Enduring Stars. Star Search Legacy
  13. ^ Billboard Oct. 24, 1998, Volume 110, No. 43, ISSN  0006-2510
  14. Britney Spears Best Selling Artist of the Decade ( Memento from July 22, 2010 in the Internet Archive )
  15. Britney Spears' biography
  16. Beatrice Schlag: Kiss with Britney Spears: Madonna wants again! Accessed April 4, 2008.
  17. ^ Judge dissolves Britney's 'joke' wedding
  18. Britney shaves her bald head . Spiegel Online , February 17, 2007; accessed on June 24, 2021.
  19. Spears is leaving rehab again . ( Memento of December 21, 2007 in the Internet Archive )
  20. K-Fed retains custody - Brit gets visitation .
  21. Britney out of control. RTL; Video (german)
  22. ^ Order in Brit Case - Visitation Suspended .
  23. Britney Spears - Picked up by ambulance. Focus Online January 31, 2008; accessed on June 24, 2021.
  24. Father becomes a guardian . , February 2, 2008; accessed on June 24, 2021.
  25. Against all odds, Britney Spears' new 'Blackout' is her best album ever. In: International Herald Tribune.
  26. VMAs 2008: Britney wins! ( Memento from September 9, 2008 in the Internet Archive )
  27. (German Britney Spears fansite)
  29. 96.1 KISS Contests. ( Memento of the original from September 26, 2008 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  30. Britney Spears Reportedly Plays Vampy Waitress In 'Womanizer' Video - Music, Celebrity, Artist News. on
  31. Britney's 'Circus' Debuts Atop Album Chart. on
  32. Britney Spears.; Collaboration with Hasbro on Twister Dance; Retrieved February 19, 2013.
  33. ^ "Till The World Ends" on iTunes . March 4, 2011. Retrieved July 28, 2012.
  34. MTV Video Music Awards | 2011 - Highlights, Winners, Performers and Photos from the 2011 MTV Video Music Awards on
  35. Britney Spears' Next Single Is' Criminal '! | News Video | MTV
  36. Sex and Violence: Britney Spears Too Sexy for YouTube.
  37. Casting show: Britney Spears competes as “X Factor” judge . Berliner Morgenpost
  38. ^ The RIAA Gold And Platinum Searchable Database.
  39. ^ Strip Scribbles: Britney Spears; 'Georgia'; nightclub closing; nightclub opening . October 14, 2014. Retrieved May 9, 2015.
  40. Celebrate “Britney Day” at The LINQ Promenade On November 5th! . October 23, 2014. Retrieved May 9, 2015.
  41. Britney Wins Favorite Pop Artist At The People's Choice Awards . January 9, 2014. Retrieved May 9, 2015.
  42. Seal of approval for their new relationship. In: November 11, 2014, accessed March 27, 2015 .
  43. Britney Spears solo again. In: June 24, 2015, accessed July 5, 2015 .
  44. Britney Spears dates new single 'Pretty Girls' for May . March 25, 2015. Archived from the original on April 5, 2015. Retrieved June 7, 2016.
  45. Britney Spears Performs Hit-Filled Medley at the 2016 Billboard Music Awards . May 22, 2016. Retrieved June 7, 2016.
  46. Britney Spears Salutes Fans for Promoting New 'Make Me' Single at RNC . July 21, 2016. Retrieved July 22, 2016.
  50. ^
  52. Joe Coscarelli: Britney Spears Announces 'Indefinite Work Hiatus,' Cancels Las Vegas Residency (Published 2019) . In: The New York Times . January 4, 2019, ISSN  0362-4331 ( [accessed February 7, 2021]).
  53. ^ Britney Spears' Father Jamie Calls on Court to Reappoint Co-Conservator Who Resigned in 2019. Retrieved February 7, 2021 .
  54. Variety Staff: Britney Spears' Fans Demand Release of Pop Star from Psychiatric Facility. In: Variety. April 22, 2019, accessed February 7, 2021 (American English).
  55. Jill Gutowitz: All Your Questions About Britney Spears's Latest Mental Health Crisis, Answered. April 24, 2019, accessed February 7, 2021 (American English).
  56. Marissa Martinelli: Why Did Britney Spears Have to Confirm She's Not Being Held Hostage? April 25, 2019, accessed February 7, 2021 .
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  95. ^ Britney Spears 'X Factor' Deal: By The Numbers
  96. Fantasy Twist Advertisement ( Memento of the original from May 2, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  97. Deleted scene: "Jackass 3D": Dixie bungee with Britney Spears., Celebrity & Show
  98. a b Britney: I am the Femme Fatale ( Memento of the original from October 25, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /