from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

In New York City , theaters are divided into three broad categories: Broadway , Off-Broadway, and Off-Off-Broadway .


In the past, this classification was to be taken literally and therefore easy to understand: The Broadway theaters were located in the theater district of the same name in New York City. The off-Broadway stages were a bit out of the way, and just outside the theater district there were the off-off Broadway theaters. Off-Broadway theaters were cheaper to rent because of their distance from Broadway, and plays that had proven their worth here were often relocated to a Broadway stage after a short period of time. Famous examples of this approach are the musicals Hair (Off-Broadway premiere on October 17, 1967, Broadway premiere on April 29, 1968) and A Chorus Line (Off-Broadway on April 16, Broadway on July 25, 1975) .

In the meantime, both the arrangement of the venues and the attitude towards the plays shown there have changed a little: A theater today - even if it is a bit away from Broadway - is considered a Broadway theater if it has more than 500 seats, with a capacity between With an audience of 100 and 500, one speaks of an off-Broadway theater, including an off-off-Broadway theater.

In the last few decades there has been an increasing trend towards conceiving plays for smaller theaters from the outset. Off-Broadway musicals today are generally no longer large productions that end up in small theaters because of the uncertain chances of success, but small, lively pieces that represent a clear contrast to the lavish Broadway shows. For example, in 1982, when the pathetic, well-composed works in the style of Les Misérables were on the rise on Broadway, the off-Broadway musical Little Shop of Horrors , which has now become a cult piece, came out.

In the German-speaking world, the American terminology has suggested the terms off-theater and off-off-theater .

Off Broadway musicals

Web links