|description||Online music database|
|Registration||Registration to process the data|
|languages||German, English, French, Dutch|
MusicBrainz is an internet project to create an open and free music database . Like the freedb project, which has a similar goal, it was founded because the widespread CDDB format was converted to a proprietary data format in 1999 with a change in the license conditions . According to a corresponding article on Slashdot , the cdindex project was spontaneously founded on March 9, 1999 under the direction of Robert Kaye , which later became MusicBrainz.
The goal of MusicBrainz now goes far beyond simply collecting metadata on compact discs . Compared, for example, to freedb, the MusicBrainz database is much better maintained (striking, for example, with the correct spelling of the name of an artist) and more extensive. This is also based on a different philosophy in the area of quality assurance: Entries made by users generally go through a control based on the principle of peer review before they are released to the general public.
The following information is recorded in the system via so-called MusicBrainz IDs and linked to one another.
- Artists can be created in the form of persons or groups and represent artists and bands in the broadest sense. A person can be part of several groups and at the same time have independent publications.
- Publications (releases)
- With MusicBrainz, each piece of music is assigned to a publication . For example, each version of an album is a separate release and has an associated track list and one or more release dates. Multiple editions of an album are only combined if the track lists are completely identical. A publication is not tied to a medium: the format can be specified separately as, for example, vinyl , CD , MC or digital media.
- Release Groups
- Each release is automatically placed in a release group, which contains all versions of a release regardless of the medium and the exact number or length of the pieces of music.
- A concrete, unique recording of a song or other musical work. This can be associated with several publications or completely independent of them. The creation of recordings that have not yet been found on any publication, so-called "[non-album-tracks]" or "standalone recordings", is reserved for users who have been registered for at least three weeks.
- Works represent pieces of music, arias etc. abstractly and independently of specific recordings or publications. For example, a piece of music can be (slightly varied) on several albums, live recordings or singles, but remains the same song.
- All of the above objects can be linked with relationships . For example, a song can have different relationships with another song. It can be a remix , a later release, a cover version , or a parody . In addition, each object can be assigned a relationship to a URL , which can say, for example: "This URL can be used to download the song for free" or "This is the official Myspace page of this artist".
- Keywords (tags)
- Since MusicBrainz deliberately does not provide any information about the genre of the pieces of music, these can be provided with any keywords (tags) as an alternative.
The basic data (artists, songs, albums, etc.) are made available by MusicBrainz as a public domain . Additional information is provided under a Creative Commons license that is non-commercial and requires publication under the same license (CC-NC-SA).
Similar to a wiki, every registered user can contribute, edit or delete information. Each user receives a profile under which the changes they have made are listed. Each of these changes can be commented on and rated positively, negatively or neutrally.
In the course of the discussion, an editor can withdraw his editing at any time. If the processing receives at least three yes votes without a single no vote, the processing is considered accepted. If it receives three no votes and no yes vote, it will be rejected. Processing expires automatically after seven days and is implemented depending on whether it has received more yes or no votes. If no vote has been cast after seven days, processing is also considered successful.
- Examples of MusicBrainz entries
- Artist: Madonna
- Release: Michael Jackson - Thriller
- Recording: Queen - Bohemian Rhapsody (5:56)
- Factory: Queen - Bohemian Rhapsody
- Relationships: All relationships at Sting
- Keywords: Keywords related to Dire Straits
|Object type||02/11/2014||01/12/2016||02/24/2017||December 31, 2019|
|Music labels (labels)||78,350||102.067||120,434||171,713|
MusicBrainz IDs (MusicBrainz Identifier, MBID) are 36-character external identifiers that uniquely identify objects in the MusicBrainz database. Examples are:
- Groups of publications
MusicBrainz IDs ensure that objects with the same name can be distinguished; z. B. has
- John Williams, the composer and conductor of film music , the MBID 53b106e7-0cc6-42cc-ac95-ed8d30a3a98e ,
- John Williams, the classical guitar player, the MBID 8b8a38a9-a290-4560-84f6-3d4466e8d791 .
In the same way, the MBID can be used to distinguish Manfred Mann from his band of the same name.
Using MusicBrainz IDs outside of MusicBrainz
- Queen at BBC Music: https://www.bbc.co.uk/music/artists/0383dadf-2a4e-4d10-a46a-e9e041da8eb3
- Queen on MusicBrainz: https://musicbrainz.org/artist/0383dadf-2a4e-4d10-a46a-e9e041da8eb3
To identify specific recordings, MusicBrainz uses the open source project AcoustID , which can generate acoustic fingerprints from sound recordings and assign them unique GUIDs using a database server . MusicBrainz-compatible tagger software can be used to automatically add metadata to audio files , for example using ID3 tags or Ogg Vorbis comments .
Initially, the TRM technology ( recursive acronym for TRM Recognizes Music ), patented by Relatable, was used to create acoustic fingerprints. Due to various problems with TRM, including server load and TRM collisions , in March 2006 the MusicDNS method from MusicIP, later AmpliFind, was used, which generated so-called PUIDs (Portable Unique IDentifier) . MusicDNS was eventually sold to Gracenote in 2011 , and after it was announced that the service would be discontinued, MusicBrainz began moving to the AcoustID system, which was founded in August 2010.
Cover Art Archive
New images are added by users of the project and go through the usual MusicBrainz peer review process. After the successful upload, the images are available both via the MusicBrainz web interface and via a programming interface. This allows the images to be made available in other applications - for example, MusicBrainz Picard from version 1.2 supports the downloading of these images and can save them together with or embedded in media files.
Integration in software
The following lists well-known programs that originate from MusicBrainz or have native MusicBrainz integration.
- Player = playback software. Can often also play CDs.
- CD-Ripper = program for digitizing / saving CDs
- Tagger = program for inserting / correcting the MP3 description data ("tags") (mass tagger: specially designed for processing a large number of files)
- Depending on the software, “support” means the ability to use the formats mentioned
- to play
- to edit
- to be created (in the conversion process)
|Surname||Type||operating system||License||Web link||Supported formats||Development status|
|MusicBrainz Picard||Tagger||Windows / macOS / Linux ( Python )||GPL||musicbrainz.org||MP3, Ogg-Vorbis, FLAC, WMA, Speex, MusePack, WavPack, True Audio, MP4, Monkey's Audio, TAK, Ogg-Opus||active|
|MusicBrainz Classic Tagger||Tagger||Windows||GPL||musicbrainz.org ( Memento from April 13, 2011 in the Internet Archive )||MP3, Ogg-Vorbis, FLAC, WAV||inactive|
|Amarok 1||Player||Linux ( KDE )||GPL||amarok.kde.org||MP3, Ogg-Vorbis, FLAC, WMA, AAC, Real Audio etc. a.||active|
|Audacious (BMP fork)||Player||Linux / Unix||GPL||audacious-media-player.org||MP3, Ogg-Vorbis, FLAC, WMA, AAC, WAV, MusePack, WavPack, PlayStation Audio etc. a.||active|
|banshee||Player||Linux ( Gnome )||WITH||banshee-project.org||MP3, Ogg-Vorbis, FLAC etc. a.||active|
|beds||Tagger||Linux ( Python 2 )||WITH||beets.io||MP3, Ogg-Vorbis, FLAC, WMA, etc. a.||active|
|Clementine||Player||Linux / Windows / macOS||GPL||clementine.org||MP3, Ogg-Vorbis, FLAC etc. a.||active|
|CDex||CD ripper||Windows||Adware||cdexos.sourceforge.net||MP3, Ogg-Vorbis, WMA, etc. a. (expandable)||active|
|Guayadeque||Player||Linux ( Gnome )||GPL||guayadeque.sourceforge.net||MP3, Ogg-Vorbis, FLAC, WMA, WAV, MPC, MP4, APE etc. a.||active|
|iEatBrainz||Tagger||macOS||Modified BSD license||jay.tuley.name ( Memento from July 22, 2012 in the Internet Archive )||MP3, AAC, QuickTime Compatible||inactive|
|Jaikoz||Tagger (mass tagger)||Windows / macOS / Linux||Shareware (£ 15)||www.jthink.net/jaikoz||MP4, M4A, M4P, MP3, WMA, FLAC, Ogg-Vorbis||active|
|Kid3||Tagger||Windows / macOS / Linux / Android||GPL||kid3.sourceforge.io||various||active|
|Magic MP3 Tagger||Tagger||Windows||Shareware (EUR 19.00)||magic-tagger.com||various||active|
|Max||CD ripper||macOS||GPL||sbooth.org/Max||MP3, Ogg-Vorbis, FLAC, Speex, WavePack etc. a.||inactive (last version from August 29, 2009)|
|Mp3tag||Tagger||Windows||Freeware||mp3tag.de||MP3, Ogg-Vorbis, FLAC, WMA, MP4, AAC, MusePack, TrueAudio, WavPack, Speex, etc. a.||active|
|Quod Libet||Player||Linux ( GTK + ) / BSD||GPL||github.com||MP3, Ogg-Vorbis, FLAC, WMA, WAV, MP4, AAC, MusePack, SPC, TrueAudio, WavPack, Speex, tracker modules||active|
|Sound juicer||CD ripper||Linux ( Gnome ) / Solaris / BSD / Unix||GPL / LGPL||burtonini.com (offline)||MP3, Ogg-Vorbis, FLAC, PCM||active|
|Vortex box||CD ripper||Linux streaming server||GPL||vortexbox.org||MP3, FLAC||active|
|XLD||CD ripper||macOS||OSL||https://tmkk.undo.jp/xld/index_e.html||MP3, Ogg-Vorbis, FLAC, PCM, WAVE, AIFF ...||active|
|Zinf (formerly FreeAmp)||Player||Linux / Windows / BSD / Solaris / QNX||GPL||zinf.sourceforge.net||MP3, Ogg-Vorbis, WAV||active|
- Escient (CDDB company) trying to monopolize market? , March 8, 1999 (the triggering article on Slashdot)
- OpenSource Alternative to CDDB , March 9, 1999 (foundation of the cdindex project )
- How Editing Works. In: MusicBrainz Wiki. MusicBrainz, accessed March 30, 2017 .
- Release Group - MusicBrainz. In: musicbrainz.org. MusicBrainz, accessed March 30, 2017 .
- Work. MusicBrainz, accessed March 30, 2017 .
- Introduction to Voting. In: MusicBrainz Wiki. MusicBrainz, accessed March 30, 2017 .
- Database. MusicBrainz, accessed December 31, 2019 .
- MusicBrainz Identifier. In: MusicBrainz Wiki. MusicBrainz, accessed March 30, 2017 .
- The BBC partners with MusicBrainz for Music Metadata. In: MusicBrainz / MetaBrainz Blog. MusicBrainz, accessed March 20, 2017 .
- Last.fm Web Services. API Introduction. Last.fm, accessed March 30, 2017 .
- artist.getInfo. Last.fm, accessed March 30, 2017 .
- Customers. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on May 6, 2015 ; accessed on March 30, 2017 (English). Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- AcoustID. MusicBrainz, accessed March 30, 2017 .
- ADVANCE NOTICE: Next version of Jaikoz will be showing new Fingerprint Service. In: www.jthink.net. Retrieved July 8, 2016 .
- Archived copy ( memento of the original from January 17, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (offline)
- Server update, 2012-04-30. In: MusicBrainz / MetaBrainz Blog. MusicBrainz, accessed March 30, 2017 .
- Announcing the Cover Art Archive. In: MusicBrainz / MetaBrainz Blog. MusicBrainz, accessed March 30, 2017 .
- Cover Art / Types. MusicBrainz, accessed March 30, 2017 .
- Cover Art Archive / API. MusicBrainz, accessed March 30, 2017 .
- Change Log section "Version 0.7"