Solaris (operating system)
Java Desktop on Solaris 10
|License (s)||Software License Agreement|
|Current version||11.4 (August 28, 2018)|
UNIX → BSD
UNIX System V Release 4
|Architecture (s)||68k , SPARC , x86 , AMD64 , Intel 64|
It has been compatible with the System V family since 1990 . Early versions were released under the name Unix xx Sun Version yy . The name SunOS was first used with the first public SunOS 3.0 beta from the 1st quarter of 1986. The first version, called SunOS, was developed on the basis of BSD- Unix as a proprietary operating system for use on Sun servers and workstations . Version 5.0 of SunOS was redeveloped on the basis of UNIX System V and the product name Solaris was introduced.
At the time Sun was founded in 1982, the Motorola 68010 was not yet available. Because its predecessor, the Motorola 68000 , did not yet contain a memory management unit , BSD - Unix with its virtual memory management could not be ported to the Sun-1 . The first Motorola 68000-based Sun-1 systems therefore ran with a Unix V7 port from UniSoft . After the Motorola 68010 became available and Sun 1 systems were later equipped with it, Sun first developed a BSD Unix variant that was distributed under the name BSD Unix Sun Version xx . Over the years it has been to many features of System V expanded with the release of SunOS 3.0 in SunOS renamed. The Sun 4 series with SPARC processor architecture, which was later developed by Sun , made SunOS even more popular, and finally SunOS 4.1.1_U1 was the last official release that still supported computers of the Sun3 series with Motorola 68000 series . The last SunOS 4 version from 1995 was 4.1.4 and, in addition to bug fixes, also brought support for machines with MicroSPARC processors.
Version 5 of SunOS was redeveloped on the basis of System V Release 4 after Sun became a partner of Unix International . It was bundled with the graphical user interface CDE and Java and marketed as the "Operating Environment" Solaris 2.x from 1992. It was SMP capable from the start .
The early versions of Solaris that were still based on SunOS version 4 were numbered as version 1.x in later years. After version 2.6 the "2." was left out: In 2004 version 10 (SunOS 5.10) appeared, which could be downloaded free of charge from Sun from February 2005.
Six months after the release of Solaris 10 , essential parts of the source code of the subsequent developer version were finally disclosed by Sun and the system was released for download as OpenSolaris . The further development took place until August 2010 as a free operating system. On August 13, 2010 it was announced that OpenSolaris will be discontinued with immediate effect.
One year after Oracle took over Sun Microsystems , John Fowler (Oracle's Executive Vice President Systems) spoke in early August 2010 about the future of Solaris. Fowler explained that Solaris 11 should appear in 2011 and that numerous components in this Solaris "will be renewed or fundamentally revised". According to a roadmap published by Oracle, the launch of Solaris 11 was planned for the second half of 2011. The fundamentally revised Solaris should therefore also be available for x64 platforms .
On November 5, 2011, Jim Laurent stated on his blog that four days later, November 9, 2011, would be the official launch day of Solaris 11 . At the beginning of 2017, Oracle stopped developing Solaris 12 , instead the operating system was to be further developed under the project name Solaris 11.next . In August and September of the same year, however, a large part of the workforce involved in the development of Solaris was laid off, so that a continuation was uncertain.
February 2018 a beta for Solaris 11.4 was released. The final version was published on August 28, 2018.
Features and special features
As of version Solaris 7 (SunOS 5.7), Solaris offers consistent 64-bit support on UltraSPARC CPUs . On September 4, 1991, a Solaris port for x86 was announced and started in January 1992. The x86 processor version has been available since June 23, 1992 , which has also been booting on AMD64 since August 2004 and version 10 therefore also offers 64-bit support for AMD64 CPUs or Intel 64 CPUs. The Solaris version for PowerPC was initially discontinued after the first release (Solaris 2.5.1), a new porting began after the publication of OpenSolaris under the name Polaris.
The OpenSolaris project has existed since January 2005 and, under the direction of Sun, has made the Solaris source code largely available to the public under the Common Development and Distribution License . The sources for the kernel , individual modules and libraries were then released on June 14, 2005 as an open source operating system under the name OpenSolaris . As part of this, a Solaris version for PowerPC should also appear. At the beginning of 2006, the developers announced a corresponding porting to the Pegasos -based CHRP workstation ODW from IBM / Freescale / Genesi, but this never resulted in a release.
The software under Solaris is mainly managed in the context of a package management with the help of the pkg programs (pkgadd, pkgrm, pkgchk ...). Many programs that run on other Unix or similar operating systems such as Linux can be ported to Solaris. For example, the OpenCSW project provides thousands of additional software packages for Solaris, which can be imported into the existing Solaris package management using the pkgutil program .
|SunOS 0.7||February 1982|
|SunOS 1.1||April 1984||
|SunOS 1.2||January 1985||
|SunOS 2.0||May 15, 1985|
|SunOS 3.0||February 17, 1986||
|SunOS 3.2||September 1986|
|SunOS 4.1.1||March 1990||
|SunOS 4.1.2||December 1991||
|SunOS 4.1.3||August 1992||
|SunOS 4.1.4||November 1994||
|Solaris 2.0 SPARC (SunOS 5.0)||July 1992||
|Solaris 2.0 x86 (SunOS 5.0)||December 1992||
|Solaris 2.1 SPARC (SunOS 5.1)||December 1992||
|Solaris 2.2 SPARC (SunOS 5.2)||May 1993||
|Solaris 2.3 SPARC (SunOS 5.3)||November 1993|
|Solaris 2.1 x86 (SunOS 5.1)||November 1993||
|Solaris 2.4 (SunOS 5.4)||November 1994||
|Solaris 2.5 (SunOS 5.5)||November 1995|
|Solaris 2.5.1 (SunOS 5.5.1)||May 1996|
|Solaris 2.6 (SunOS 5.6)||August 1997|
|Trusted Solaris 2.5.1||September 1998|
|Solaris 7 (SunOS 5.7)||October 27, 1998|
|Trusted Solaris 7||November 2, 1999||
|Solaris 8 (SunOS 5.8)||January 26, 2000|
|November 20, 2000||
|Solaris 9 (SunOS 5.9)||May 22, 2002
January 10, 2003
|Solaris 10 (SunOS 5.10)||January 31, 2005||
|Open Solaris (Sun OS 5.10.1)||June 14, 2008|
|Solaris 11 Express 2010.11 (Sun OS 5.11)||November 15, 2010|
|Solaris 11 2011.11 (Sun OS 5.11)||November 9, 2011||
|Solaris 11.3||October 6, 2015|
|Solaris 11.4||August 28, 2018||
Command to display the installed Solaris revision (version) :
- Thomas Handschuch: Solaris 7 system administration . Springer Verlag, 1998, ISBN 3-5406-3421-5
- Harald Zisler: Solaris 10 & OpenSolaris: Introduction, Administration, Application . Franzis Verlag, Poing, 2007, ISBN 978-3-7723-7297-1
- EU Commission: Oracle may take over Sun , stern.de
- Oracle buries OpenSolaris. ZDNet.de, August 16, 2010, accessed on August 17, 2010 .
- Oracle on the future of Solaris. iX - Magazine for professional information technology, August 11, 2010, accessed on August 12, 2010 .
- Oracle Solaris, and OpenSolaris. (PDF; 469 kB) (No longer available online.) Oracle Public Sector, archived from the original on July 5, 2010 ; Retrieved August 17, 2010 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Solaris 11 will be available in the second half of 2011. ZDNet.de, August 12, 2010, accessed on August 12, 2010 .
- 11 reason to love Solaris 11. ( Memento of the original dated February 9, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. blogs.oracle.com, November 5, 2011
- Live Webinar Introducing Solaris 11. Oracle, November 5, 2011, accessed November 6, 2011 .
- Guilty SPARC: Oracle euthanizes Solaris 12, expunging it from roadmap arstechnica.com, January 18, 2017
- Oracle Reportedly Laying Off More Solaris & ZFS Staff www.phoronix.com, August 4, 2017
- Simon Phipps: For those unaware, Oracle laid off ~ all Solaris tech staff yesterday in a classic silent EOL of the product.https: //twitter.com/webmink/status/904067176377831424… In: @webmink. September 2, 2017. Retrieved September 4, 2017 .
- Scott Lynn: Oracle Solaris 11.4 Released for General Availability . ( oracle.com [accessed August 30, 2018]).
- OpenCSW package list
- Solaris 10 becomes chargeable after 90 days: Oracle combines the use of the operating system with a maintenance contract . March 30, 2010. Retrieved January 26, 2013.
- C't issue "c't special 03/2008"
- Oracle: Oracle Solaris 11 Express . November 15, 2010. Retrieved November 18, 2010.
- Oracle: Oracle Solaris 11 . November 9, 2011. Retrieved January 7, 2012.