|Sun Microsystems, Inc.
|founding||February 24, 1982|
|resolution||January 27, 2010|
|Reason for dissolution||Merger with Oracle Corporation|
|Seat||Santa Clara , United States|
|management||Dorian Daley, President & CEO|
|Number of employees||approx. 29,000 (2009)|
|sales||$ 11.449 billion (2009)|
The Sun Microsystems, Inc. [ ˌsʌn maɪkɹoʊˌsɪstəmz ] was a manufacturer of computers and software , which in 2010 through acquisition in the Oracle Corporation was incorporated. Spin-off from Stanford University in 1982, Sun was an independent company until then and based in Santa Clara , California . The company initially focused on the development and manufacture of Unix - workstations , a wider public was there mainly by the development of the end of the 1990s, Java technology and the programming of the same name known.
Sun was founded on February 24, 1982 by the German Andreas von Bechtolsheim and the Americans Bill Joy , Vinod Khosla and Scott McNealy , but the company was not officially registered until May 16. The name derives from Sun S Tanford U niversity N etwork from, a former project to network the library computer at the Stanford University .
In 1984 Sun developed a network file system called NFS . This was placed under an open source license, which made it a great success in the Unix world and is still very important today. Other projects for the Unix area such as NeWS , conceived as an alternative to the X Window System , had among other things. a. Hardly any success due to the non-public source code.
The early computers of the Sun-1 , Sun2 and Sun3 series were equipped with processors from the 68000 family from Motorola (CISC-CPU) and ran under the SunOS operating system , a BSD-4.3 derivative. With the Sun SPARC processor developed Sun a very powerful RISC - CPU for their own workstations and servers Sun 4 -series, on which the operating systems SunOS and later Solaris running.
With Java , Sun created an object-oriented, system-independent programming platform in 1995, which quickly found widespread support.
In 1999, Sun bought the Star Division company with the StarOffice office suite , which was released under a free license ( LGPL ) as OpenOffice.org in 2000 and was quickly adopted by developers from the open source community. In May 2005, Sun acquired the software company Tarantella . In April 2006, Sun Germany completed the acquisitions of StorageTek and SeeBeyond . On April 24, 2006, the company announced in a press release that the previous CEO Scott McNealy would be replaced by Jonathan I. Schwartz , who had joined Sun after the 1996 acquisition of Lighthouse Design .
At the beginning of 2008, Sun took over the company MySQL AB , which until then had developed the open source database MySQL and marketed it commercially, for around one billion dollars . Innotek, the manufacturer of the virtualization solution VirtualBox , followed shortly afterwards .
Economic crisis and takeover
On April 20, 2009, Oracle announced the acquisition of Sun Microsystems for $ 7.4 billion. On August 20, 2009, Oracle announced that it had received approval to acquire Sun Microsystems. The US Department of Justice approved the information reportedly the takeover by Oracle without restrictions . After an initial review, the EU Commission announced on November 10, 2009 that it saw competition law problems in the database market. She therefore expressed concerns about the takeover of Sun Microsystems by Oracle. In January 2010, the EU Commission approved the takeover without any conditions. The world market leader for commercial databases, Oracle, took over the leading provider of open source databases (MySQL) and Java. As a direct effect of the acquisition, numerous open source projects have turned away from Oracle.
For the fiscal year ended in June 2009 Sun had to post a loss of 2.2 billion dollars. Previously, within three years, 7,600 jobs had been cut, and a further 3,000 layoffs were planned, which should also affect European branches.
Model series (extract):
|1982||Sun 1||Motorola 68000||6 MHz||Unisoft V7 UNIX|
|1983||Sun 2||Motorola 68010||10 MHz||SunOS 1.0 to 4.0.3|
|1986||Sun 3/50||Motorola 68020||15.7 MHz||1.5 MIPS||SunOS 3.0 to 4.1.1_U1|
|1987||Sun 3/60||20 MHz||3.0 MIPS|
|1988||Sun386i / 150 "Roadrunner"||Intel 80386||SunOS 4.0 to 4.0.3|
|Sun386i / 250 "Roadrunner"||25 MHz|
|1989||Sun 4/60 " SPARCstation 1"||Sun SPARC||20 MHz||1.4 mflops||SunOS 4.0.3c to Solaris 7|
|Sun 4/40 "SPARCstation IPC"||25 MHz||1.7 mflops||SunOS 4.0.3 to Solaris 7|
|1990||Sun 4/20 "SPARCstation SLC"||20 MHz||1.2 mflops|
|Sun 4/65 "SPARCstation 1+"||25 MHz||1.7 mflops|
|Sun 4/75 "SPARCstation 2"||40 MHz||4.0 mflops||SunOS 4.1.1 to Solaris 7|
|1991||Sun 4/25 "SPARCstation ELC"||33 MHz||3.3 mflops|
|Sun 4/50 "SPARCstation IPX"||40 MHz||4.1 mflops|
|Sun 4/80 "SPARCstation 10"||Sun SuperSPARC||50 MHz||7.0 mflops||SunOS 4.1.3 to Solaris 9||32-512 MB RAM|
|Sun 4/670 "SPARCserver 670MP"||Cypress CY7C601 (4 ×)||40 MHz||16.8 Mflops or 28.9 MIPS||SunOS 4.1.2 to Solaris 2.5.1|
|1992||Sun 4/15 "SPARCclassic"||Sun microSPARC||50 MHz||4.6 mflops||SunOS 4.1.3c to Solaris 9||16-96 MB RAM|
|1993||SPARCstation 5||Sun microSPARCII||110 MHz||23 mflops||SunOS 4.1.3_U1B to Solaris 9|
|1994||SPARCstation 20||Sun hyperSPARC||150 MHz||84 mflops|
|SPARCultra1||Sun ultraSPARC||167 MHz||101 mflops||Solaris 2.5|
|1997||SPARCultra5||Sun ultraSPARCIIi||270 MHz||114 mflops||Solaris 2.5.1HW1297|
|1998||SPARCultra10||333 MHz||253 mflops|
|2001||Sun Blade 1000 Model 1900||UltraSPARC III||900 MHz||467 SPECint2000||Solaris 8 update 2|
|2003||Sun Blade 2000||UltraSPARC III Cu||1.2 GHz||722 SPECint2000||Solaris 9 12/02|
|2004||Sun Fire V440||UltraSPARC IIIi||1.6 GHz||743 SPECint2000||Solaris 10|
|Sun Fire V20z / V40z||AMD Opteron x86-64||2.4 GHz||1521 SPECint2000|
|2005||Sun Fire X4200||2.8 GHz||1829 SPECint2000||Solaris 10 3/05 HW1|
|Sun Fire E25k||UltraSPARC IV + (max. 72 ×)||1.5 GHz||1644 SPECint_rate2000||Solaris 8 to 10||Max. 576 GB of RAM|
|2006||Sun Fire X4600||AMD Opteron 885 x86-64 (dual core, max. 8 ×)||2.6 GHz||279 SPECint_rate2006||Solaris 10||Max. 32 GB RAM|
|2007||Sun Ultra 24||Intel Core 2 Duo / Quad||Max. 8 GB of RAM|
|2008||Sun SPARC Enterprise T5440||UltraSPARC-T2 +, 4 chips, 8 cores each, a total of 256 threads||1.4 GHz||301 SPECint_rate2006||Max. 512 GB RAM|
|2009||Sun Fire X4640||AMD Opteron (Istanbul) x86-64 (max. 8 CPUs, 6 cores each)||2.6 GHz||6,050 SAP SD Benchmark users|
- JavaOS - Java-based operating system
- CLUMEQ - Supercomputers (2009)
- HotJava - web browser
- Java technology
- Solaris operating system, originally SunOS
- OpenSolaris - open source operating system
- SBus - bus for expansion cards
- StarOffice - the commercial master / edition version of OpenOffice.org (discontinued, today at Apache)
- Sun Ray - Thin Client with tailor-made server components
- VirtualBox - virtualization solution
- ZFS - file system / pool manager with data integrity and snapshot functions
- SAM-QFS - distributed, hierarchical file system
- Secure Global Desktop - web-based application virtualization
- The Sun Microsystems logo is designed as an ambigram .
- Discussion with the founders of SUN, Computer History Museum (English, with webcast, January 11, 2006). Retrieved November 8, 2014 .
- Annual Reports , sun.com
- Corporate News "Oracle and Sun" , oracle.com, accessed May 13, 2010
- Blog post on the acquisition of MySQL AB , linux.com
- Sun takes over VirtualBox manufacturer Innotek , heise.de
- IBM in Talks to Buy Sun in Bid to Add to Web , online.wsj.com, issue of March 18, 2009
- www.sun.com: 
- UPDATE 1-Oracle wins US approval to buy Sun Microsystems , Reuters August 20, 2009, accessed August 28, 2009
- USA gives Oracle green light for Sun acquisition , Reuters Germany August 21, 2009, accessed August 28, 2009
- Brussels against Sun takeover by Oracle ( Memento of November 13, 2009 in the Internet Archive ), Zeit Online, November 10, 2009
- EU Commission: Oracle may take over Sun , stern.de
- Approval by the EU Commission - Oracle may take over Sun , spiegel.de, accessed on January 21, 2010
- Roundup: Oracle is allowed to swallow Sun - large merger , finanznachrichten.de
- Markus Franz: Oracle: No more future for free software? In: netzwelt . Netzwelt GmbH, accessed on October 15, 2015 .
- Losses: Sun announces 3,000 redundancies . In: Spiegel Online . October 21, 2009 ( spiegel.de [accessed October 15, 2015]).