Santa Clara (California)
|City of Santa Clara|
The Santa Clara Convention Center
|Location in California|
|State :||United States|
|County :||Santa Clara County|
|Time zone :||Pacific ( UTC − 8 / −7 )|
|Residents :||116,468 (as of 2010)|
|Population density :||2,446.8 inhabitants per km 2|
|Area :||47.6 km 2 (approx. 18 mi 2 ) of
which 47.6 km 2 (approx. 18 mi 2 ) is land
|Height :||23 m|
|Area code :||+1 408|
|GNIS ID :||1654953|
|Mayor :||Jamie L. Matthews|
A residential area in town
Santa Clara , officially City of Santa Clara , is a city in Santa Clara County in the US state of California . With 116,468 inhabitants ( 2010 ) it is the ninth largest city in the San Francisco Bay Area .
The urban area has a size of 47.6 km². Santa Clara was founded in 1852 and the population has grown rapidly since then. The city is the center of the Silicon Valley , where many high-tech companies are based.
In the vicinity of the city are the three small rivers San Tomas Aquino Creek, Saratoga Creek and Calabazas Creek. These flow into the southern part of the San Francisco Bay .
These streams have created an important biological habitat within the city. Here the owl could settle in again. This is very special, as this species of animal has almost withdrawn from urban areas due to the ongoing urban development in California.
Santa Clara is 72 km southeast of San Francisco .
The first European to visit the valley was the Spanish soldier José Francisco Ortega in 1769. He discovered Native Americans in this area. The Spanish called these Costanos, which means coastal dwellers. This tribe later came to be known as the Muwekma Ohlone . During this time the Spaniards began to colonize California. So 22 missions were built in what is now the state. One of these, the Mission Santa Clara de Asís, was built in 1777 in what is now the city of Santa Clara.
In 1846, the then independent Republic of California became part of the United States . In 1851 Santa Clara College was built on the old foundations of the Mission. In the later years, the area was characterized by strong agriculture. A lot of fruit and vegetables were grown on the fertile soil. At the beginning of the 20th century, about 5000 people lived in Santa Clara.
From 1960 onwards, the emergence of the semiconductor industry in the region replaced the previous agriculture, of which only a small remainder is left. In 1963 the first hospital in the city was built. One of the most famous buildings in the city is the Agnews Developmental Center.
Almost half of all residents are whites of European descent, while Latinos make up almost 20 percent of the population. Asians are also well represented at 13 percent by US and Californian standards, while hardly any Afro-Americans live in the city, at around 1 percent .
Santa Clara has a local energy supplier, Silicon Valley Power. In 2005, these brought the Donald Von Raesfeld power plant to the power grid.
The city’s largest employers, Applied Materials and Intel Corporation , are shaped by the semiconductor industry . Well-known companies such as Texas Instruments and EMC Corporation are also located here. The city is also the headquarters of Marvell Technology Group , Trident Microsystems , McAfee , Nvidia , OmniVision Technologies, and Palo Alto Networks .
- Agilent Technologies , technology company
- Advanced Micro Devices (AMD) , developer of microprocessors / graphics processors for personal computers and game consoles
- Applied Materials , the world's largest manufacturer and provider of products and services in the semiconductor industry
- Avaya , telecommunications company
- California's Great America , amusement park
- Coherent , manufacturer of lasers and accessories
- Intel , manufacturer of semiconductors
- Marvell Technology Group , manufacturer of memory, telecommunications and semiconductor products
- McAfee , manufacturer of anti-virus and computer security software
- NeoMagic , manufacturer of graphics chips for the computer industry
- Nvidia , developer of graphics processors and chipsets for personal computers and game consoles
- Palo Alto Networks , manufacturer of next generation firewalls
- Sun Microsystems , manufacturer of computers and software
- WhatsApp Inc., developer of the WhatsApp communication service for mobile devices
Santa Clara has two major train stations, the Santa Clara - Great America Station and the Santa Clara Station. The Greater Station is served by the Amtrak Capitol Corridor train. This runs from the San Francisco Bay Area to Sacramento. The closest airport is the San José International Airport . This is mainly served by the airline Southwest Airlines . Other major airports nearby include San Francisco International Airport and Oakland International Airport . Most of the public buses in the city are controlled by the Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority.
The schools in Santa Clara are under the supervision of the Santa Clara Unified School District. There are a total of 19 K-8, middle and high schools in the city. Many of these schools are named after former farmers, rangers or famous people from Santa Clara.
Santa Clara is also home to Santa Clara University .
Several American sports clubs play their home games in Santa Clara. Levi's Stadium opened in July 2014 . Since then, the San Francisco 49ers have played their NFL games there. On March 29, 2015 Wrestlemania 31 took place at Levi's Stadium, with a stadium record set with almost 77,000 spectators. The 50th Super Bowl was also held here on February 7, 2016.
There is also the George F. Haines International Swim Center in Santa Clara, where local, regional and international swimming competitions are held.
California's Great America Amusement Park is located in Santa Clara. Another tourist attraction is the Santa Clara Convention Center, where many trade shows and events around Silicon Valley are held.
sons and daughters of the town
- Austin Hall (1880-1933), writer
- John Norton (1893–1979), hurdler
- Roswell McClelland (1914–1995), refugee worker and diplomat
- Kenneth McVay (* 1940), website owner and Holocaust denial activist
- Jim Plunkett (born 1947), football player
- Kathleen Lloyd (born 1948), actress
- Randy Mamola (* 1959), motorcycle racer
- George Packer (* 1960), journalist and book author
- Michelle Akers (born 1966), soccer player
- Brian Garrow (born 1968), tennis player
- Khrystyne Haje (* 1968), actress
- Huck Seed (born 1969), poker player
- Kira Reed (* 1971), actress, television presenter and sex symbol
- Zach Helm (* 1975), screenwriter and director
- Camille Guaty (* 1978), actress
- Kerri Walsh (* 1978), volleyball player
- Sandra McCoy (* 1979), actress
- Matt Barnes (born 1980), basketball player
- Aaron Hill (born 1983), actor
- Bobbi Starr (born 1983), porn actress
- Casey Deidrick (born 1987), actor
- Haley Anderson (born 1991), swimmer
- Cici Kobinski (* 1991), soccer player
- Kyle Kaiser (* 1996), racing car driver
- US Census 2010 ( Memento from February 20, 2011 in the Internet Archive )
- Information on the city's website ( Memento of the original dated August 4, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.