ORGAN² / ASLSP
ORGAN² / ASLSP (often also written Organ2 / ASLSP ) is a piece of music for organ by John Cage from 1987. The abbreviation ASLSP stands for as slow as possible and is the instruction to play the eight-page score as slowly as possible . At the world premiere in 1989 in Metz , organist Gerd Zacher played the organ piece in a length of 29 minutes. More recent CD recordings have been made by Gary Verkade , Hans-Ola Ericsson , Christoph Bossert and Dominik Susteck .
John Cage originally composed the piece under the title ASLSP in 1985 for piano using a random program on the computer. It was commissioned and a competition piece for The University of Maryland Piano Festival and Competition , later renamed the William Kapell International Piano Competition , and premiered on July 14, 1985 in College Park , Maryland . In the original, the composer also used the term As Slow (ly) and Soft (ly) as Possible , referring to the quote “Soft morning city. Lsp! ”From the novel Finnegans Wake by James Joyce . The work is divided into eight equally long parts. Cage rewrote it for organ in 1987 for organist Gerd Zacher .
Performance in Halberstadt
At an organ symposium in Trossingen in 1997 , the idea arose to take the phrase as slow as possible even more literally than at the first performance. The choice for the performance location fell on Halberstadt , since one of the oldest documented organs of modern times was built in Halberstadt Cathedral in 1361. The organizers call the Gothic organ of Halberstadt Cathedral the "first large organ in the world". However, since the cathedral is used as a place of worship, the then unused Sankt Burchardi Church in the former monastery of Sankt Burchardi was used .
The eight-page score was extrapolated to the intended playing time of 639 years for the performance . This period resulted from the difference between the installation of the old (not preserved) cathedral organ from 1361 in the Halberstadt Cathedral and the originally planned start of performance in 2000. The range thus spans from 1361 through 2000 to the year 2639. The actual performance of the work However, due to delays, it could not begin until September 5, 2001 and should therefore not end until 2640.
The Marburg organ builder Gerald Woehl was involved in the project during the planning phase . The organ in the Sankt-Burchardi-Kirche was built especially for the performance of the piece by the Kevelaer organ builder Romanus F. Seifert & Son with the support of the Orgelbau Reinhard Hüfken company from Halberstadt. It stands in the right transept of the church, while the bellows is in the left transept. There are also old choir stalls . Since the organ is in continuous operation, it was covered by an acrylic glass case in order to reduce its own noise (during the breaks). An emergency power generator is connected to prevent the piece from being interrupted in the event of a power failure . Several organ pipes can be placed in the organ . With the so-called tone changes, these are exchanged according to the course of the score.
The performance of the piece began on September 5, 2001. Since it began with a break of one and a half years, the first organ sound was heard on February 5, 2003.
The tone changes are generally well received by the public, so that many visitors come at these times. The last change of tone took place on October 5, 2013. The next change of tone will take place on September 5, 2020, after seven years.
Dates of the tone change of the first part
- K = beginning of sound
- P = end of sound (pause)
In the church, memorial plaques can be attached to a stainless steel band for each performance year. Every donor and every donor group who donate more than 1200 EUR can have a board assigned and provide a text. On the project website you can see which years are still available.
- ORGAN² / ASLSP, the official website of the John Cage Organ Foundation Halberstadt
- Time online from May 3, 2006: permanent organs. Does it please God? A conversation with the Berlin composer and theologian Dieter Schnebel about the longest piece of music in the world, which will enter a new phase on May 5th in Halberstadt. John Cage's work is supposed to end in 2640 , by Ulrich Stock
- Official website of the John Cage Organ Foundation Halberstadt (last accessed on October 27, 2013), according to which the project sees itself as a promise for the future and can accordingly also be regarded as a long-term musical experiment .
- taz, Fatal Days of Halberstadt by J. Kühnemund on July 2, 2005 on the occasion of the fading away of the stroked h on July 5, 2005, accessed on October 27, 2013.
- Die Zeit, The Frozen Time by U. Stock on January 8, 2006, accessed on October 27, 2013.
- Die Zeit, Das Humm Gottes by U. Stock on August 5, 2011 for the upcoming ten-year anniversary, accessed on September 17, 2011.
- ASLSP. In: johncage.org.
- As slowly as possible, and that for centuries , Raoul Mörchen, in Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, September 13, 2000, quoted in John Cage in Halberstadt - The problem of time in "As Slow As Possible," David Zintl April 5, 2005
- Project description on the official website of the John Cage Organ Foundation Halberstadt, accessed on June 3, 2017
- The sound changes . Website of the John Cage Organ Art Project, Halberstadt. Retrieved February 5, 2017
- Excerpt from the score 'Klangwechsel' on the official website of the John Cage Organ Foundation Halberstadt, accessed on October 27, 2013.
- Sound change at Cage performance in Halberstadt: The slowest organ concert in the world. Der Spiegel , October 5, 2013, accessed October 5, 2013 .