Salt Lake City
|Salt Lake City|
|Nickname : Crossroads of the West|
Salt Lake City, downtown
|Location of the city in the county (left) and the county in the state (right)|
|Foundation :||July 24, 1847|
|State :||United States|
|County :||Salt Lake County|
|Time zone :||Mountain ( UTC − 7 / −6 )|
- Metropolitan Area :
|193,744 (as of 2016)
1,186,187 (as of 2016)
|Population density :||685.8 inhabitants per km 2|
|Area :||285.9 km 2 (approx. 110 mi 2 ) of
which 282.5 km 2 (approx. 109 mi 2 ) are land
|Height :||1288 m|
|Area code :||+1 801 385|
|GNIS ID :||1454997|
|Mayor :||Erin Mendenhall|
Salt Lake Temple
Salt Lake City [ ˌsɔːlt leɪ̯k ˈsɪɾi ] is the capital of the US state Utah and with around 194,000 inhabitants (2016 estimate, US Census Bureau ) also the largest city in the state. In the metropolitan area live about 1.1 million people. Salt Lake City is the county seat of Salt Lake County .
On 24. July 1847 Salt Lake City was of 143 men, three women and two children on the east coast of the Great Salt Lake was founded. These members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS, English Latter-day Saints , LDS), and Mormons called, had fled mainly because of religious persecution and discrimination from the eastern states. They were the first whites to settle in Utah.
After the lynching of its church founder Joseph Smith , the second church president, Brigham Young, directed the majority of the church members to the west - the area of the city was officially still part of Mexico at that time, but was practically no man's land; so it was hoped to escape from the territory of the hostile USA. Ultimately, this did not succeed, but by the time the US central power could make a noticeable appearance here, the Mormons were already firmly enough established that their existence was no longer endangered.
According to reports, upon arriving in the Salt Lake Valley, Young had a vision that said, This is the place. Originally called Great Salt Lake City , the city was renamed when it became the area's capital .
In 2002, Salt Lake City hosted the Winter Olympics and in 2004 the World Sledge Hockey Championships.
The city is located in the valley of the Great Salt Lake , the Salt Lake Valley , which is enclosed by the Wasatch Range in the east and the Oquirrh Mountains in the west. Like most towns that stretch north and south of Salt Lake City (like Ogden and Provo ), it sits at the foot of the Wasatch Range, which in some places rises 2,000 feet above the valley. This settlement corridor is also known as the Wasatch Front and is the only area in the Greater Region where drinking water from the mountains is available in large quantities.
Salt Lake City is in the semi-arid climate zone with pronounced summers and winters. Spring and autumn hardly come into their own. In summer it is dry and hot and in winter the city is shaped by snow. The city's Oquirrh Mountains are rather bare, while conifers grow along the Wasatch Range.
Because of the balancing effect of the Great Salt Lake, the winter climate is not as harsh as east of the Rocky Mountains in Cheyenne or Denver . Temperatures rarely drop below −18 ° C for long periods of time. The summer climate is also moderate due to the lake, and the city's location at around 1350 meters. An average of about eight times a year the temperature exceeds 38 ° C, but these days are not so uncomfortable as it is one of the driest areas in the country.
Snowfall is relatively common between December and March, but it is rare that a storm falls more than 30 cm; much more falls on embankments near the mountains. In summer there is only sporadic rain. The summer monsoons that rise from Mexico and Arizona affect the region from mid-July to September and are often associated with strong thunderstorm activity.
|Salt Lake City|
Average monthly temperatures and rainfall for Salt Lake City
The city itself is laid out in a grid shape, with most of the streets running from north to south or east to west. The origin of the grid is in the south-east corner of the temple area, the location of the Salt Lake Temple. Street names and addresses are based on the coordinate system .
The buildings in the city center are an impressive collection of old and new structures: on the one hand there are high-rise buildings made of steel and glass with 20 floors, next to them are brick buildings from the 19th century. The tallest building in the city is the LDS Church's 26-story office building, which houses its administrative headquarters. Other important buildings are the EnergySolutions Arena , the Wells Fargo Center , the One Utah Center , the Salt Lake City Public Library , the historic tabernacle (formerly the largest event hall in the American West, today still the location of many concerts), the Salt Lake Temple and the LDS Church's new conference center , which seats approximately 20,000. Another imposing building is the Salt Palace Convention Center . After several expansions, it has the equivalent of 47,843 square meters of exhibition space and 15,235 square meters of conference room space. Various exhibitions and conferences take place there throughout the year, including the Novell Brainshare.
The Hogle Zoo is at the foot of the eastern foothills, while Liberty Park is southeast of downtown.
Salt Lake City has numerous unofficial neighborhoods that are well known throughout the city and also featured on most local maps. One of the most famous is The Avenues in the northeast. The Avenues is a neighborhood made up of old houses built at the same time in perfectly rectangular blocks. The streets there are named alphabetically and the avenues are numbered consecutively.
More quarters are
- Sugar House - southeast
- Federal Heights - East
- East Bench - northeast
- Capitol Hill - north
- Rose Park - west
The LDS Church divides the city and other areas with a high proportion LDS - throughout Utah and many other areas of the western United States - also in piles (Stakes) and municipalities (Wards). A stake corresponds to roughly a diocese in other Christian churches and a church is a church like that. With the overarching influence of Mormons in Utah, even non-Mormons know what parish they live in.
Unlike the rest of Utah, Democratic and Liberal politicians have had a political majority in Salt Lake City since the 1970s . About half of Salt Lake City's population are members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, compared to about 75% for all of Utah and 90% in the more rural communities. Therefore, the influence of the church on the state is a hotly debated topic.
Salt Lake City has twinned cities with Chernivtsi (Ukraine), Keelung (Taiwan), Matsumoto (Japan), Oruro (Bolivia), Quezon City (Philippines), Thurles (Ireland), Sarajevo (Bosnia and Herzegovina), Manaus (Brazil), Turin (Italy) and Izhevsk (Russia).
Economy and Infrastructure
The metropolitan area of Salt Lake City generated an economic output of 84.8 billion US dollars in 2016, making it 41st among the greater metropolitan areas of the United States. The unemployment rate in the metropolitan region was 3.0 percent and was thus below the national average of 3.8 percent (as of February 2019). The city's economy is predominantly service-oriented. While the nearby Kennecott copper mine ( Bingham copper mine ) generated strong income during the 19th century, the city developed an economy as a transportation hub, through call centers and seasonal tourism. The 2002 Winter Olympics , which took place from February 8th to February 24th, 2002, also ensured an upswing in the surrounding economy.
In addition, the city has a service-oriented higher education system with several universities (e.g. University of Utah ) and many technical schools.
Long-distance road transport
Road traffic in the city
The streets in the city center were laid out extremely wide from the start. At 132 ft (40 m), according to a comment attributed to Brigham Young , they should be wide enough for a wagon to turn around without cursing the driver. In conjunction with the above-average block size, the result is a structure that is today strongly characterized by car traffic and is hardly suitable for pedestrians. As a result, the air in the city has one of the highest levels of particulate matter .
With the support of the Chamber of Commerce and the Church, the city administration has been promoting local public transport and other environmentally friendly modes of transport since the turn of the millennium. The TRAX system consists of several railway lines for local traffic. It started in 1999 and since the end of 2012 the TRAX line has been running along the Wasatch Front to Provo . In 2013, the number of passengers on local trains in the region rose by 103%. In the city center, two lanes in the middle of the former eight-lane North Temple Lane were used for the TRAX tracks and wide bicycle lanes were created on the outside.
There is an international airport .
Long-distance rail transport
According to the 2010 census, 186,440 people in 71,461 households and 57,543 families live in the city. There are 75,177 housing units at an average density of 272.7 / km². The population density is 643.3 / km² (1666.1 / mi²).
75.1% of the residents are white, 2.7% African-American, 1.2% American Indian and 4.4% Asian. 10.7% answered other race . 3.7% belong to two or more races. 30.33% of the population have Latin American or Hispanic ancestry . 18.5% of the population were born abroad and 27% speak a language other than English at home.
According to the 2000 census , the median household income in the city is $ 36,944, that of a family is $ 45,140, and the per capita income is $ 20,752. Men make $ 31,511 versus women who make $ 26,403. 15.3% of the population live below the poverty line, of which 18.7% are children younger than 18 and 8.5% are 65 years and older. For the period from 2006 to 2010 the average income was 44,223 dollars and was thus significantly higher than in 2000. The proportion of people living below the poverty line is also higher than in 2000 at 17.5%.
Although Salt Lake City is the headquarters of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints , members of this denomination are less than 50%, unlike in the state of Utah with 62%, not the majority of the population.
- Utah Museum of Fine Arts
- Church History Museum
- Utah Museum of Natural History
- Clark Planetarium
- Utah State Historical Society
- Daughters of Utah Pioneers Memorial Museum
- Fort Douglas Military Museum
- Social Hall Heritage Museum
The most popular winter sports in and around Salt Lake City include skiing and snowboarding. These can be followed in the Wasatch range east of the city. There are a total of eight ski areas around Salt Lake City. The 2002 Winter Olympics also took place here.
Salt Lake City is the home of the Utah Jazz basketball team . The franchise , which moved from New Orleans to Salt Lake City in 1979, plays its home games in the Vivint Smart Home Arena . In the last 25 seasons, the NBA team has reached the play-offs 22 times. From 1970 to 1976, the city was home to the Utah stars . The team played in what was then the American Basketball Association and won the championship in 1971.
Real Salt Lake has been playing in Major League Soccer since 2005 . Until 2008, all of the football team's home games were played at Rice-Eccles Stadium , which is on the University of Utah grounds. The team then moved to the nearby town of Sandy to the Rio Tinto Stadium . In 2009 the first championship was won. The Salt Lake Sting football franchise previously resided in the city from 1989 until it was dissolved in 1991.
- Temple Square with the Salt Lake Temple and other buildings is in the heart of downtown. Not least because of this, Salt Lake City is one of the world's most popular religious tourism destinations alongside Israel . With three to five million visitors annually, the Mormon Religious Square is Utah's most visited attraction.
The National Park Service has four National Historic Landmarks for Salt Lake City as of December 2016: Fort Douglas , Salt Lake City Council Hall , Temple Square and the Brigham Young Complex . A total of 223 buildings and sites in the city are registered in the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) (as of April 25, 2020).
sons and daughters of the town
- Viola Gillette (1871–1956), singer
- Maude Ewing Adams Kiskadden (1872–1953), stage actress
- Otto Harbach (1873–1963), librettist and lyricist of well-known songs
- Mack Swain (1876–1935), actor and comedian
- Devereaux Jennings (1884–1952), cameraman and special effects artist
- Joseph Santley (1889–1971), director, screenwriter and producer
- Barney McGill (1890-1942), cinematographer
- Frank Borzage (1893–1962), film director
- Gordon Jennings (1896–1953), animation technician, Oscar winner
- Wallace F. Bennett (1898-1993), politician
- Lionel Banks (1901–1950), production designer
- David Hempstead (1909–1983), film producer and screenwriter
- Richard Irvine (1910–1976), production designer
- Simon Ramo (1913–2016), physicist, engineer and entrepreneur
- Loretta Young (1913-2000), actress
- Raymond F. Jones (1915-1994), science fiction writer
- Helen Taylor (1915–1950), composer, pianist and music teacher
- Arleen Whelan (1916-1993), actress
- Robert Walker (1918–1951), actor
- Gail Halvorsen (* 1920), American Air Force pilot during the Berlin Airlift
- John D. Jennings (1920-1992), film producer
- Anne Pippin Burnett (1925–2017), Classical Philologist
- Neal Cassady (1926-1968), Beatnik
- Don Bagley (1927–2012), jazz bassist and film composer
- Paula Hawkins (1927–2009), politician
- Thomas S. Monson (1927-2018), clergyman
- Grover Krantz (1931-2002), anthropologist
- James V. Hansen (1932–2018), politician
- Wilford Brimley (1934-2020), actor
- John L. Harmer (1934-2019), politician
- Heber Jentzsch (* 1935), President of the Church of Scientology
- Larry Scott (1938-2014), Mr. Olympia bodybuilder
- Blaine Lindgren (1939-2019), hurdler
- David LaFlamme (* 1941), rock violinist
- Paul McCarthy (* 1945), action artist
- Craig Venter (* 1946), biochemist and entrepreneur
- Bruce Fowler (born 1947), musician
- Gary Ridgway (born 1949), serial killer
- Karl Hansen (* 1950), writer
- Tom Fowler (* 1951), musician
- Kim Peek (1951-2009), island talent
- Roseanne Barr (* 1952), comedian, actress and politician
- Clayton M. Christensen (1952–2020), economist, author, and Mormon Bishop
- Trent Harris (born 1952), filmmaker
- Michael Barber (born 1954), Roman Catholic Bishop of Oakland
- Walt Fowler (* 1955), musician
- Tracy Hickman (* 1955), fantasy author
- Charles Norman Mason (* 1955), composer and music teacher
- Jan Bucher (* 1957), freestyle skier
- John R. Curtis (* 1960), politician
- Steve Young (born 1961), American football player
- David Dobson (* 1962), mathematician
- Mike Starr (1966-2011), musician
- Carnell Lake (born 1967), American football player
- Michelle Wright (born 1967), actress
- Jaime Bergman (* 1975), model and actress
- Reid Mumford (* 1976), road cyclist
- Devin Brown (born 1978), basketball player
- Matthew Davis (born 1978), film actor
- Dante Thomas (* 1978), R&B singer and musician
- Corbin Allred (* 1979), film actor
- David Zabriskie (* 1979), professional cyclist
- Cytherea (* 1981), porn actress
- Patrick Fugit (* 1982), actor
- Sarah Schaub (* 1983), film actress
- Ted Ligety (* 1984), ski racer
- Krissy Lynn (* 1984), porn actress and actress
- Will Tukuafu (* 1984), football player
- Jason Davis (1984-2020), actor
- Robert Adamson (born 1985), actor
- Brett Camerota (* 1985), Nordic combined athlete
- Olesya Rulin (* 1986), American actress of Russian origin
- Justin Braun (* 1987), soccer player
- Bryan Dechart (* 1987), actor and voice actor
- Trevor Lewis (born 1987), ice hockey player
- Julianne Hough (* 1988), actress and singer
- Abby Ringquist (* 1989), ski jumper
- Kelsey Dickinson (* 1994), biathlete and cross-country skier
- Jeffrey Nichols: Prostitution, Polygamy, and Power: Salt Lake City, 1847-1918. University of Illinois Press, Baltimore 2008, ISBN 978-0-252-07592-6 .
- 1980–2010: Census Results
- street names
- Salt Palace
- US Department of Commerce, BEA, Bureau of Economic Analysis: Bureau of Economic Analysis. Retrieved July 4, 2018 (American English).
- the Atlantic Cities: The Woman Leading Salt Lake City's Transportation Revolution , March 25, 2014
- American Lung Association: Most Polluted Cities (2013)
- Salt Lake Tribune: Utah leads rise in commuter rail ridership; US transit use up , March 10, 2014
- Visit Visiting Temple Square
- List of NHL by State: Utah. National Park Service , accessed April 25, 2020.
Search mask database in the National Register Information System. National Park Service , accessed April 25, 2020.
Weekly List on the National Register Information System. National Park Service , accessed April 25, 2020.