from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Nickname : Mile High City
Denver skyline
Denver skyline
Seal of Denver
Denver flag
Location in Colorado
Denver (Colorado)
Basic data
Foundation : November 22, 1858
State : United States
State : Colorado
County : City and County of Denver
Coordinates : 39 ° 47 ′  N , 104 ° 59 ′  W Coordinates: 39 ° 47 ′  N , 104 ° 59 ′  W
Time zone : Mountain ( UTC − 7 / −6 )
Inhabitants :
Metropolitan Area :
693,060 (as of 2016)
2,853,077 (as of 2016)
Population density : 1,744.9 inhabitants per km 2
Area : 401.3 km 2  (approx. 155 mi 2 ) of
which 397.2 km 2  (approx. 153 mi 2 ) are land
Height : 1609 m
Postcodes : 80201–80212, 80214–80239, 80241, 80243–80244, 80246–80252, 80256–80266, 80271, 80273–80274, 80279–80281, 80290–80291, 80293–80295, 80299, 80012, 80014, 80022, 80033, 80123, 80127
Area code : +1 303, 720
FIPS : 08-20000
GNIS ID : 0201738
Website :
Mayor : Michael Hancock (D)
Denver City Hall.JPG
The City and County Building

Denver [ ˈdɛnvɚ ] is the capital and most populous city of the US state Colorado , located at the eastern foot of the Rocky Mountains . Denver was originally a gold rush metropolis. At the 2010 census there were 600,158 residents in Denver. Denver is classified as a (beta) world city and is both a city and a county .

Denver is about a mile above sea level (marking on the 15th level on the west side of the Capitol) and is therefore also called Mile High City . The 105th west longitude passes the city's main train station, Union Station . Denver is the most populous city within a half-mile radius in the Mountain States . In 2016, Denver was recognized as the most liveable place in the United States by US News & World Report.


Because of its location ( 1600  m above sea level), Denver has a continental mountain climate with sometimes strong temperature fluctuations and low rainfall.

In winter it is cold, dry and often sunny. At night temperatures below -10 ° C are not uncommon, at noon they rise to over 0 degrees. Occasionally Denver is affected by cold air inrushes from the north, which bring temperatures below −20 ° C and heavy snowfalls. In summer it gets quite hot in the afternoon with 30 ° C with mostly low humidity . After sunset, the air cools down quickly.

Overall, the city experiences around 400 mm of precipitation per year with a maximum in spring (April / May) and a minimum in winter (January / February).

The lowest temperature ever measured is -34 ° C and the highest is 40 ° C.

Average monthly temperatures and rainfall for Denver
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max. Temperature ( ° C ) 6.2 8.1 11.2 16.6 21.6 27.4 31.2 29.9 24.9 19.1 11.4 6.9 O 17.9
Min. Temperature (° C) −8.8 −6.6 −3.4 1.4 6.4 11.3 14.8 13.8 8.7 2.4 −3.7 −8.1 O 2.4
Precipitation ( mm ) 12.7 14.5 32.5 43.4 61.0 45.5 48.5 38.4 31.5 24.9 22.1 16.3 Σ 391.3
Rainy days ( d ) 2.9 3.5 6.1 5.7 7.4 5.6 6.4 5.9 4.6 3.7 3.8 3.6 Σ 59.2
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Source: World Meteorological Organization . The climatological data are based on the monthly averages from 1961–1990.


In 1856 the first Mexican gold diggers came to the area of ​​the Cheyenne Indians . When gold was found on the South Platte River in 1858, the region was looking up. Gold prospectors crowded into the region and a first modest settlement emerged, which was soon abandoned. However, when more gold was discovered a little further south, at the confluence of the South Platte River and Cherry Creek, two new settlements emerged: Auraria (now the university campus) and St. Charles City. A short time later, William H. Larimer founded Denver City, named after a former governor of the Kansas Territory, to which Colorado was then part. In 1861, the residents of the villages united to form a town with 6,000 inhabitants. The common city was called Denver City.

Denver was recognized as a city on November 7, 1861, a few months after the Colorado Territory was established. In 1863 the city was destroyed by a devastating fire and then rebuilt using solid stone. In 1867 Denver became the capital of the territory. In 1870 the various railroad lines came to Denver; so the Denver Pacific and the Kansas Pacific and Colorado Central Railroads , which caused an enormous economic boom. Things continued to improve in 1880 when silver was discovered in the Rocky Mountains. More and more business people settled here and Denver developed into the "Queen City of the Plains". In 1890 the population of Denver had risen to over 100,000.

In 1902, the City and County of Denver became independent and separated from Arapahoe County. After the end of the silver mines at the beginning of the 20th century, a long period of economic decline began. In 1918 Denver was one of the few cities to act swiftly and consistently during the Spanish flu ; which, however, lifted the measures taken on November 11, 1918 due to growing economic pressure. The subsequent second wave of the pandemic hit Denver disproportionately harder. Denver has since been used as a negative example of the consequences of a premature lifting of epidemiological protective measures.

In 1976 the Olympic Winter Games should have been held in Denver, but the then governor Richard Lamm refused because of the high costs and the games were then played in Innsbruck ( Austria ). At the beginning of the 1980s it was again natural resources, this time primarily oil, that initiated a boom. It was the oil that made the city rich and made many construction projects possible. In 1993, the 8th World Youth Day was held in Denver .


growth of population
Census Residents ± in%
1860 4749 -
1870 4759 0.2%
1880 35,629 648.7%
1890 106.713 199.5%
1900 133,859 25.4%
1910 213,381 59.4%
1920 256.491 20.2%
1930 287,861 12.2%
1940 322.412 12%
1950 415.786 29%
1960 493,887 18.8%
1970 514,678 4.2%
1980 492,365 -4.3%
1990 467.610 -5%
2000 554,636 18.6%
2010 600.158 8.2%
1900–1990, 2010
Representation of the ethnic distribution of the population in Denver in 2000. White , Black , Asian , Latino .
Population development of Denver

According to the 2010 census, the population was 52.2 percent white and 10.2 percent African-American; 3.4 percent were of Asian origin. 31.8 percent of the population were Hispanics . The median income per household in 2015 was 53,637 US dollars . 17.3 percent of the population lived below the poverty line.



According to the 2010 census , 86.1% of Denver's residents are aged 25 or over have a high school degree, which is roughly the US average. 45.0% of residents over 25 have a bachelor's degree, which is well above the national average of 29.8%.

Public schools

The public schools ( Public Schools ) are determined by the Denver Public School managed. They currently manage 73 elementary schools , 15 special schools, 17 middle schools , 14 high schools and 19 so-called charter schools .

Further educational institutions

The following universities and colleges are within the Denver city limits:

Twin cities


Denver had and still has many successful sports clubs that are also of national importance.



Economy and Infrastructure

The Denver metropolitan area achieved an economic output of 198.0 billion US dollars in 2016, making it 18th among the metropolitan areas of the United States. The unemployment rate in Denver was 2.3 percent, well below the national average of 3.8 percent (as of March 2018).

Because of its proximity to the Rocky Mountains, Denver has traditionally been home to numerous mining companies. Other important sectors are energy supply and logistics . Denver is also home to a number of telecommunications companies , including Qwest , one of the largest long distance providers in the United States.

Frontier Airlines is headquartered in Denver . Other local companies are the investment company ProLogis , Airwalk , the gold mining company Newmont Mining and the real estate broker network RE / MAX .


In Denver the highways I-25 and I-70 cross . The city's light rail network consists of six lines with 36 stations (the Denver Light Rail ), which is supplemented by numerous bus routes. In May 2019, the largest expansion program in a decade called FasTracks was launched .

In terms of area, Denver International Airport (DEN), which opened in 1995 and is located in the northeast of the city, is the largest airport in the United States and one of the largest in the world. In terms of passenger volume, the airport was the sixth largest in the USA in 2016 with 58,266,515 passengers; He is world order at number 19. Another airport is located on the outskirts of Denver Centennial Airport , a busy airport for general aviation ( general aviation ).

In long- distance rail traffic, Denver is connected to Chicago and Oakland via the Amtrak connection California Zephyr .


Several radio stations ( KOSI et al.) And television stations broadcast from the city. KLZ , one of the oldest stations in the USA, has been broadcasting from Denver since 1922. KOA , the former General Electric station, has been broadcasting out of town since 1924 .

Legalized marijuana consumption

Due to liberal legislation in the state of Colorado, the sale of marijuana and THC-containing goods for private consumption , which has been permitted since the beginning of 2014, has become a significant market factor in Denver. However, the marijuana products purchased in Denver cannot be imported into other American states with stricter drug laws with impunity.


Daniels & Fisher Tower , Downtown

A total of 290 properties and historic districts in Denver are on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) as of October 31, 2018. These are located in 48 of the 78 official districts of Denver . 43 entries are in the west of Denver , west of the South Platte River. East of the river, north- east Denver has 67 entries north of Sixth Avenue, and south-east Denver has 41 entries. Added to the 141 entries coming in from the districts of Capitol Hill , Central Business District , Civic Center , Five Points , North Capitol Hill and Union Station existing Downtown . (Five of these entries are in two or three of these regions of the city.)

  • Brown Palace Hotel , the oldest hotel in the city
  • City and County Building Denver , the city hall of the city
  • Buckhorn Exchange , the oldest restaurant, a historic western steak house
  • Children's Museum of Denver , interactive children's museum with live theater and television studio (2121 Children's Museum Drive)
  • Clyfford Still Museum
  • Colorado State Capitol , seat of the governor and parliament of the state of Colorado. A plaque on the steps in front of the Capitol shows the height of one mile above sea level.
  • Colorado History Museum , the history of Colorado from first settlement to the present day with a model of Denver in 1860 and a multimedia show (1300 Broadway)
  • Confluence Park
  • Denver Art Museum , largest art museum between Kansas and the West Coast with significant collections of Native American, pre-Columbian, modern and contemporary art (100 West 14th Avenue Parkway)
  • Denver Botanic Gardens (1005 York Street)
  • Daniels & Fisher Tower , built in 1910 based on the model of the tower on St. Mark's Square in Venice and at that time the tallest building west of the Mississippi River
  • Denver Museum of Nature & Science with planetarium and the largest IMAX theater in the world (over four floors) (2001 Colorado Boulevard)
  • Denver Performing Arts Complex (PLEX), nine theaters with over 10,000 seats under one roof
  • Denver Zoo (2300 Steele Street)
  • Denver Aquarium (Downtown)
  • Four Mile House , a major stop on the Cherokee Trail and the oldest building in town
  • The Molly Brown House Museum : Molly Brown , a survivor of the sinking of the Titanic , was an important figure in Denver society at the turn of the century. Her life story later served as a template for the Broadway musical The Unsinkable Molly Brown . (1340 Pennsylvania Street)
  • Ocean Journey , the largest aquarium (fresh and salt water) between Chicago and the west coast (700 Water Street)
  • Richthofen Castle , a castle built by the uncle of the Red Baron of the Union Station Railway Company .
  • Six Flags Elitch Gardens Theme Park , amusement park built in 1995 with over 40 rides, restaurants, and entertainment programs (Speer Blvd.)
  • United States Mint , one of the four mints in the United States (West Colfax / Cherokee Street)

Other attractions:

As a Historic District, the Civic Center has the status of a National Historic Landmark .



  • Stephen J. Leonard, Thomas J. Noel: A Short History of Denver. University of Nevada Press, Reno 2016, ISBN 978-1-943859-19-1 .

Web links

Commons : Denver  - collection of pictures, videos, and audio files
Wiktionary: Denver  - explanations of meanings, origins of words, synonyms, translations
 Wikinews: Denver  - on the news
Wikivoyage: Denver  Travel Guide


  1. a b 2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CO - Denver County. (No longer available online.) US Census Bureau, 2011, formerly original ; accessed on November 21, 2011 (English).  ( Page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.@1@ 2Template: Dead Link /  
  2. US News & World Report - Best Places to Live 2016. Retrieved November 12, 2016 .
  3. ^ Denver Colorado Demographics and Population Statistics. In: Retrieved May 17, 2017 (English).
  4. ^ Weather Information for Denver, Colorado. In: WMO World Weather Information Service. Retrieved November 21, 2011 .
  5. Denver, Colorado History | VISIT DENVER. Retrieved February 7, 2019 (American English).
  6. Denver, Colorado and the 1918-1919 Influenza Epidemic | The American Influenza Epidemic of 1918: A Digital Encyclopedia. Retrieved April 28, 2020 .
  7. Denver's Flu History: Shedding Light On What A Coronavirus Outbreak Could Look Like. March 3, 2020, accessed June 25, 2020 .
  8. Spanish Flu 1918: The Denver example shows how dangerous early easing can be. April 24, 2020, accessed April 28, 2020 .
  9. Excerpt from , accessed on February 14, 2011
  10. US Census Bureau: American FactFinder - Community Facts. Retrieved November 7, 2017 .
  11. ^ High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years +, 2011-2015. United States Census Bureau , accessed May 17, 2017 .
  12. ^ US Department of Commerce, BEA, Bureau of Economic Analysis: Bureau of Economic Analysis. Retrieved July 4, 2018 (American English).
  13. ^ Denver-Aurora-Broomfield, CO Economy at a Glance. Retrieved July 4, 2018 .
  14. ^ The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey (ed.): Airport Traffic Report 2016 . 2016, p. 31 f . (English, [PDF; accessed on May 17, 2017]).
  15. Search mask database in the National Register Information System. National Park Service , accessed October 31, 2018.
  16. List of NHL by State . National Park Service , accessed October 31, 2018.