|Area :||19.188 km²|
|Residents :||46,124 (as of: 2018)|
|Population density :||2,404 inhabitants per km²|
|Community code :||1139|
|Time zone :||UTC + 2|
|Mayor :||Adi Eldar|
Since it was founded in 1964, Karmi'el has grown to 46,124 inhabitants (2018), to which the status of a developing city also contributed; future plans assume up to 120,000 inhabitants. This development is favored by the new construction of the railway line of the Israeli railway to Akko.
Karmiel was officially founded on October 19, 1964 as part of the "Settlement and Development Plan for Galilee ". Karmiel has been a city since 1985.
The city is located in northern Israel, about halfway between Akko and Safed in the so-called "Beit Ha-Kerem Valley" ( Hebrew בקעת בית הכרם). To the north of the city extend the mountain hills of the Upper Galilee , while to the south the mountain hills of the Lower Galilee extend. The name Karmiel comes from "Kerem" (vineyard, olive field), and is based on the innumerable olive tree fields that are in this area. The city is about 250 m above sea level.
Karmiel is an example of future-oriented urban planning. The city was planned from the beginning for 120,000 inhabitants, and the various districts were gradually built according to the future construction plan. Today there are around 50,000 inhabitants in Karmiel, compared to 22,000 in 1989. If everything goes according to plan, the city should accommodate 120,000 residents in 2020.
The planned railway line to Akko and thus the connection to the Akko-Haifa-Tel Aviv rail link is intended to ensure this development.
The 24 square kilometer industrial area, separated from the city, is home to textile and construction industries, plastics, wood, iron and steel processing, as well as hi-tech companies that have settled here and both the Jewish and Arab residents Providing work to neighbors. The approximately 80 companies and workshops employ around 8,000 people.
The education system in Karmiel offers numerous institutions for the residents:
- 3 total high schools, 3 religious high schools, 3 middle school schools (7th to 9th grade)
- 9 state primary schools, one primary school for gifted children, two religious primary schools
- Dozens of kindergartens and day-care centers
- a professional development and training center, a college of technology
- several cultural and sports centers
- a reception center for new immigrants.
In 1973 Baruch Wenger (* 1930; † 1988) was elected first chairman of the municipality of Karmiels and in 1985, after Karmiel was declared a city, also its first mayor. Baruch Wenger held this office until his death in 1988. Since 1988, Adi Eldar has been in charge of the city as his successor.
- Safed - approx. 30 km
- Tiberias - 40 km
- Akko - 20 km
- Nahariya - 30 km
- Haifa - 45 km
Although Karmiel is only 22 kilometers from the Mediterranean coast, it has a generally dry and not too hot climate even in summer due to the mountains that surround the city in the north and south. The average temperatures in summer are min. 25 ° C, max. 30 ° C. The average temperatures in winter are min. 5 ° C, max. 14 ° C.
Karmiel is in the immediate vicinity of several Arab villages: Majd El-Krum, Dir El-Assad, Baane, and Rame.
Most of its residents are employed in Karmiel, mainly in the construction industry, in the service industry, in local workshops, in the textile industry, as well as in plastic, wood, iron and steel processing plants. In addition, with its numerous modern shopping centers , some of which are also open on Shabat , Karmiel is a shopping Eldorado for all neighboring communities.
The traditional dance festival, which has been held annually in Karmiel since 1988, attracts thousands of dance enthusiasts from home and abroad. Karmiel is also an ideal starting point for exploring the Galilee , which has numerous attractions to offer.
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- Website (Hebrew, English)
- אוכלוסייה ביישובים 2018 (population of the settlements 2018). (XLSX; 0.13 MB) Israel Central Bureau of Statistics , August 25, 2019, accessed May 11, 2020 .