|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||Swabia|
|Management Community :||Mering|
|Height :||526 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||26.83 km 2|
|Residents:||14,852 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||554 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||86415|
|Area code :||08233|
|License plate :||AIC, FDB|
|Community key :||09 7 71 146|
|LOCODE :||DE MBY|
|Market structure:||6 parts of the community|
Market administration address :
|Mayor :||Florian Mayer ( CSU )|
|Location of the Mering market in the Aichach-Friedberg district|
Mering is part of the Augsburg planning region and is located on the edge of the Lechfeld about 15 km south-east of the core city of Augsburg. The area is part of the Lechrain landscape . The most important river in the municipality is the Paar . The Lech and Lech barrage 23 are just to the west of the municipality .
- Baierberg ( Kirchdorf )
- Harthof ( wasteland )
- Mering (main town)
- Meringerzell (Kirchdorf)
- Reifersbrunn ( hamlet )
- Sankt Afra ( settlement )
Until the 18th century
The area has been around since around 3500 BC. Settled as a Neolithic village discovered in 1966 proves. Mering was first mentioned in a document in 1021. It was a property of the Swabian Guelphs . In 1167 the Staufer Emperor Friedrich I Barbarossa took over the Guelph house estates in Swabia by inheritance contract, which have now been added to the Staufer house estates. With the beheading of the Staufer King Konradin in 1268, the Bavarian dukes came into possession of the Mering estate for the first time. They endeavored to extend their sphere of influence into the Alemannic settlement area - up to the Lech. In 1704, during the War of the Spanish Succession , Mering was completely burned down by the English and Dutch.
19th and 20th centuries
In 1838 the community of Mering was given a coat of arms by King Ludwig I , which refers to the former Welfenburg and the battle on the Lechfeld in 955. On November 18, 1911, Mering was raised to the class of markets with urban makeup.
After around 700 years of belonging to the Bavarian dominion, Mering returned to a Swabian part of Bavaria in 1944 as part of the then still independent district of Friedberg (since the district reform in 1972 part of the newly formed district of Aichach-Friedberg ) . In the Merings catchment area the so-called Lechrain dialect is spoken, a Swabian dialect with strong Bavarian influences.
On July 1, 1972, the village of Baierberg was incorporated into the Mering market. It had previously formed an independent municipality in the Fürstenfeldbruck district together with Oberdorf (today near Mittelstetten ) .
Between 1988 and 2008 Mering grew by 3,573 inhabitants or about 37%. Between 1988 and 2019 the market grew from 9,535 to 14,852 by 5,317 inhabitants or 55.8% - next to Adelzhausen the strongest percentage growth in the district in the period mentioned. Due to the favorable transport connections to Augsburg and Munich , the population of Mering is constantly increasing:
- 1840: 1,529 inhabitants
- 1871: 2,000 inhabitants
- 1930: 3,063 inhabitants
- 1961: 6,199 inhabitants
- 1970: 6,982 inhabitants
- 1980: 8,426 inhabitants
- 1991: 10,665 inhabitants
- 1995: 11,422 inhabitants
- 1999: 11,953 inhabitants
- 2005: 12,701 inhabitants
- 2010: 13,469 inhabitants
- 2015: 14,175 inhabitants
- 2019: 14,852 inhabitants
The market town council consists of the 1st mayor and 24 market town council members. The three past local elections had the following results:
|Parties and constituencies||2020||2014||2008|
|Christian Social Union in Bavaria (CSU)||36.3||9||46.4||11||44.0||11|
|Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD)||20.4||5||33.2||8th||33.0||8th|
|Alliance 90 / The Greens (Greens)||18.0||4th||20.4||5||17.8||4th|
|Free Democratic Party (FDP)||-||-||-||-||5.2||1|
|Independent voter community (UWG)||25.3||6th||-||-||-||-|
Florian Mayer (CSU) has been the first mayor since May 1, 2020; he was elected in the runoff election on March 29, 2020 with 50.5 percent of the vote. His predecessor was Hans-Dieter Kandler ( SPD ) from May 1996 to April 2020 .
Economy and Infrastructure
Economy with agriculture and forestry
In 2013 there were 2,143 employees subject to social security contributions at the place of work. There were a total of 5264 employees who were subject to social security contributions and who lived in Mering. This meant that the municipality had 3121 more outbound than inbound commuters.
In 2010 there were 39 farms. 1668 hectares (62.2%) of the municipal area were used for agriculture, 486 hectares (18.1%) were forest. The settlement area was 501 hectares (18.7%).
The place is bypassed in the west by the federal highway 2 leading to Augsburg . In a westerly direction, federal road 17 can be reached via Königsbrunn . The federal autobahn 8 , exit 76 ( Odelzhausen ), is about 19 kilometers northeast.
By Meringer municipality leading Munich-Augsburg Railway , at the Mering two stations exist, the station Mering where the Ammersee Railway of Mering about Geltendorf and Dießen after Weilheim begins and the breakpoint Mering-St. Afra .
On October 4, 1840, the private Munich-Augsburg railway company opened the Munich – Augsburg line , on which a train station was built in Mering. The station building was a three-story brick building. On June 1, 1846, the railway line was nationalized and taken over by the Royal Bavarian State Railways . On June 30, 1898, the Ammerseebahn was opened from Mering via Geltendorf to Weilheim, turning Mering station from a through station to a separation station . In the 1930s, the old three-storey station building was replaced by a low building that still serves as the station building today. The station originally had quite extensive track systems with five platform tracks as well as goods and stabling tracks. However, it was mainly served in regional traffic, only a few long-distance trains stopped. By September 7, 1970, the Ammerseebahn between Mering and Geltendorf was electrified in order to set up a diversion line for the busy Munich – Augsburg line. From autumn 2003 to 2007 the station was rebuilt and modernized as part of the four-track expansion of the Munich – Augsburg railway line, the freight and stabling tracks were dismantled. In December 2008, a stop was completed on the Munich – Augsburg railway line in the St. Afra district of Meringen.
Mering train station today has four platform tracks on two central platforms . It is served on the Munich – Augsburg line every half hour by the Fugger Express operated by Deutsche Bahn . Regional Express trains run under this name every hour from Munich to Ulm and Treuchtlingen, as well as regional trains or regional express trains from Munich to Dinkelscherben and Donauwörth every hour . The trains are each winged in Augsburg main station . During rush hour, additional regional express trains run between Munich and Augsburg. The Bayerische Regiobahn (BRB) runs on the Ammerseebahn every hour between Augsburg-Oberhausen and Schongau . In the rush hour, the BRB uses hourly repeater trains between Augsburg and Mering, some of which continue to Geltendorf. This means that between Augsburg and Mering there is an arithmetical 20-minute cycle throughout the day and sometimes a theoretical 10-minute cycle during rush hour. Long-distance trains do not stop in Mering.
With the exception of the individual Regional Express repeater trains between Munich and Augsburg, all trains that serve Mering station also stop at Mering-St. Afra. The stop has two platform tracks, which are located on a central platform.
Mering is connected to the Augsburger Verkehrsverbund (AVV) with the R1 ( Munich – Augsburg railway ) and R11 ( Ammerseebahn ) lines. In addition, the community is served by eight bus lines, seven of which run by DB Regio Bus Bayern GmbH (DRB) in the AVV. They connect Mering with Augsburg or the surrounding communities and districts. Another bus line belonging to the Landsberger Verkehrsgemeinschaft (LVG) runs to Landsberg am Lech . The hub of local transport is the Mering train station, which was supplemented in 2005 by a high-performance bus station in the immediate vicinity.
The nearest commercial airport with regular scheduled connections is Munich Airport , which is around 50 minutes away by car (around 80 km). The airport Augsburg (no regular service) is about 30 minutes by car.
Until 2003 there was a district hospital in Mering. This was closed in the course of the austerity measures in the health system and converted into a health and social center. The following facilities can now be found there:
- Surgical Practice ( Praxisclinic )
- Vocational school for elderly care
- Ambulance service of the Bavarian Red Cross (BRK) , manned 24 hours a day
- Short-term care / day care
- Practice for physiotherapy, osteopathy, medical training therapy
- The Fritz-Felsenstein-Haus with two residential groups for the disabled
Basic medical care in Mering is assured in all important areas. Numerous general practitioners and specialists are based in the municipality. Due to the close proximity to Augsburg and Munich, there is also a large selection of specialized doctors and clinics available.
Due to the importance of Mering as a sub-center for the southern district, the Mering volunteer fire brigade is well equipped.
There are two old people's homes in the municipality:
- St. Agnes, operated by Caritas
- St. Theresia, operated by Caritas since the end of 2011, before that by the Theresa Sisters
Culture and sights
In 2014 the following places were available in Mering:
- 10 day care centers with a total of 627 places and 560 visitors
- 2 elementary schools with 29 teachers and 462 students
- 1 secondary school with 44 teachers and 431 students
- Kindergarten summer cellar
- Kindergarten St. Afra
- Kindergarten Altes Kloster
- Kindergarten St. Margarita
- Kindergarten Kapellenberg
- Kindergarten House of Little Friends "Splashes of Color"
- Kindergarten with a mix of ages from 2 to 12 years in the network for children Kinderhaus Mering
- Primary school Luitpoldstrasse
- Amberieustraße primary school
- State secondary school
- Staatliches Gymnasium Mering (until 08/2015 branch of the Deutschherren-Gymnasium Aichach)
The primary school Amberieustraße, the Staatliche Realschule, the Gymnasium Mering as well as the Kindergarten St. Margarita and the childcare facility Kinderhaus Mering together form the Meringer school and sports center . There are also sports facilities and playgrounds in this area.
In addition to the Catholic denomination that has existed since the town was founded, there has been an Evangelical Lutheran parish in Mering since 1945. This participates in cultural life in the village, among other things, with activities such as the 2007 Culture Autumn with performances and auditions in the Protestant church on Martin-Luther-Straße.
Another religious community is the New Apostolic Church ( KDöR in Bavaria since December 1983) with its own church building on Josef-Scherer-Straße (until May 2008 Kanalstraße). In 2007, the church members from the neighboring town of Kissing were integrated into this congregation .
According to the data of the census of May 9, 2011, 13,283 inhabitants were 7,645 Roman Catholics (equivalent to 57.6%) and 1,839 were Evangelical Lutheran (equivalent to 13.8%).
Theater and music
The world's smallest opera with regular performances is in Mering. The Multum in Parvo Opera House maintains the classic paper theater and shows operas in abbreviated form almost every weekend of the year, which are brought to life on the small stage with flat figures and opulent stage sets including sophisticated lighting effects. The repertoire currently includes nine opera classics from “Aida” to “The Magic Flute”. After each performance, the opera house operators offer their audience the opportunity to take a look behind the scenes.
In 2016, the world's first international opera festival for paper theater took place in Mering, which was very well received by the audience. The organizer was the non-profit Meringer association Opera in Stellis e. V. There will be a sequel in 2018.
Leisure and sports facilities
In the school and sports center, the market has:
- Triple gym for school sports
- Football pitch with stands and tartan track
- Training grounds
- Beach volleyball field
- System for stick shooters
- Tennis facilities
- Triple gym (Eduard-Ettensberger-Halle) at the secondary school (opened in October 2009)
In addition, there are:
- Mering local history museum
- Parish Church of St. Michael
- St. Michael weir system with church arch
- Chapel of St. Francis
- St. Leonhards Chapel
- Market Square Fountain
- S'Brünnle am Zwanzger
- Sparrow fountain
- Mering Castle
- Vorderer Schlossberg (Mering)
- Hinterer Schlossberg (Mering)
- Meringer Zwanzger nature reserve ( wet meadows )
- Lechtalheiden in the Meringer catchment area
Sons and daughters
- Fritz Heidenreich (1895–1966), porcelain designer
- Max Hofmann (1861–1931), Upper Bavarian dialect poet
- Josef Ferdinand Kleindinst (1881–1962), politician of the CSU
- Eusebius (Maximilian) Lohmeier (1897–1951), Mission Benedictine , martyr of Tokwon
- Lorenz Luidl (around 1645–1719), baroque sculptor
- Joseph Vogler (1661–1708), theologian
- Auguste Unertl (1864–1941), writer and patron
- Georg Pfeilschifter (1870–1936), theologian and religious scholar
- Marie Zettler (1885–1950), politician, publicist and member of the Weimar National Assembly for the Bavarian People's Party
- Franz Paulus alias Fralau (* 1963), magician
- Raphael Endraß (* 1991), rapper , known as eRRdeKa
- Simon Brunnhuber (1884–1936), aviation pioneer
- Knight Erasmus Diepperskircher (15th / 16th century), carer (see St. Michael (Mering) )
- Josef Ernst (1924–2014), farmer, councilor and holder of the Mering Golden Ring of Honor
- Josef Königer, built the guillotine for robbers Kneißl
- Waldemar Nowey (* 1927), educator, educational researcher and writer. Taught in the community in the 1950s / 60s.
- Mering (municipality) in the location database of the Bavarian State Library Online . Bavarian State Library
- Entry on the coat of arms of Mering in the database of the House of Bavarian History
- Administrative community Mering
- Lechheiden near Mering and the surrounding area ( Memento from February 3, 2008 in the Internet Archive )
- Mering: Official statistics of the LfStat
- "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
- Mering community in the local database of the Bavarian State Library Online . Bavarian State Library, accessed on August 23, 2019.
- Historical outline ( memento of the original from June 23, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Wilhelm Volkert (ed.): Handbook of Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . CH Beck, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 , p. 465 .
- Municipal council Markt Mering, March 15, 2020, official final result , accessed on May 28, 2020
- Preliminary final result of the 2014 market council election ( Memento of the original from March 23, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Final result of the local elections in March 2008 ( memento of the original from March 23, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Horst-Werner Dumjahn: Handbook of the German railway lines; Opening dates 1835–1935 . Reprint based on an original from the Reichsbahn in 1935; Dumjahn, Mainz 1984, ISBN 3-921426-29-4 .
- Andreas Janikowski: The Ammerseebahn. Traffic development in western Upper Bavaria . Transpress, Stuttgart 1996, ISBN 3-344-71033-8 , pp. 13-14 .
- Andreas Janikowski: The Ammerseebahn. Traffic development in western Upper Bavaria . Transpress, Stuttgart 1996, ISBN 3-344-71033-8 , pp. 37-38 .
- Description of the Mering train station ( Memento of the original from May 14, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. on Ammerseebahn.de
- Fritz-Felsenstein-Haus residential groups for adults
- Multum in Parvo Opera House
- Papiertheater Opernfestspiele Mering ( Memento of the original from November 4, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- The Martyrs of Tokwon, Brother Eusebius (Maximilian) Lohmeier ( Memento of the original from March 5, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. - ( Missionary Benedictines )